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  • 1. Aaltonen, Mikko
    et al.
    Skardhamar, Torbjørn
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Højsgaard Andersen, Lars
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Danielsson, Petri
    Comparing Employment Trajectories before and after First Imprisonment in Four Nordic Countries2017In: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 57, no 4, p. 828-847Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Employment plays a crucial role in the re-entry process and in reducing recidivism among offenders released from prison. But at the same time, imprisonment is generally regarded as harmful to post-release employment prospects. Little is known, however, about whether or not offenders’ employment trajectories before and after imprisonment are similar across countries. As a first step towards filling this gap in research, this paper provides evidence on employment trajectories before and after imprisonment in four Nordic welfare states: Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Using data gathered from administrative records on incarcerated offenders, the analysis focuses on individuals imprisoned for the first time and who served a prison sentence less than one year in length. Results show that although employment trajectories develop in mostly similar ways before and after imprisonment across these countries, important differences exist.

  • 2.
    Alm, Susanne
    et al.
    Institutet för framtidsstudier.
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Gavanas, Anna
    Institutet för framtidsstudier.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Perspektiv på utanförskap2011In: Utanförskap / [ed] Susanne Alm, Olof Bäckman, Anna Gavanas och Anders Nilsson, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2011, 1, p. 7-23Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Alm, Susanne
    et al.
    Institutet för framtidsstudier.
    Bäckman, OlofStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).Gavanas, AnnaInstitutet för framtidsstudier.Nilsson, AndersStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Utanförskap2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 4. Alm, Susanne
    et al.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Cause for concern or moral panic? The prospects of the Swedish mods in retrospect2011In: Journal of Youth Studies, ISSN 1367-6261, E-ISSN 1469-9680, Vol. 14, no 7, p. 777-793Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish mods of the 1960s frightened the parental generation like few other youth cultures. Was the concern justified – was the mod culture a hotbed of social maladjustment? Or would the mods come to live conventional lives to the same extent as their peers? We present analyses from a large longitudinal study allowing for a follow-up of individuals identifying with the Swedish mod culture in the late 1960s. Overall, the results point in the least dramatic direction: In mid-life, the vast majority of the former mods lived ordinary lives with work and family. When considering identification with the mod culture only, we do find an over-risk for becoming a social dropout. However, an elaborated analysis identifies the foundations of these problems already in early childhood, i.e. prior to the identification with the mod culture. Social problems in the family may have encouraged these youngsters to turn to a youth culture, but this identification in itself did not contribute to vulnerability. Although the results should be generalised with caution, they could serve as argument against moral panic over teenage identification with youth cultures, and instead shift focus to structures that give some children a disadvantaged start in life.

  • 5. Alm, Susanne
    et al.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Samhällets olycksbarn, kreatörer eller Svenssons? Modsens framtid i backspegeln2008In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 20-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Modsen var en ungdomskultur som på 1960-talet skrämde och oroade vuxenvärlden. I denna artikel följer vi dem som i ungdomen kallade sig mods upp i vuxen ålder. Hur gick det för dem? Fanns det fog för de vuxnas oro?

  • 6.
    Bäckman, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Flyghed, Janne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Arbetsmiljöbrottens omfattning, struktur och utveckling2013Report (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Bäckman, Olof
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Locked Up and Locked Out? The Impact of Imprisonment on Labour Market Attachment2018In: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 58, no 5, p. 1044-1065Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates what effects a first prison sentence has on labour market inclusion, both by comparing those sentenced to prison to the population as a whole, and by comparing groups of convicted offenders. We utilize longitudinal data on criminal sanctions and earnings available for two complete birth cohorts of Swedish men (N = 107,337). These data enable us to compare the labour market attachment of prison inmates both before and after imprisonment. Results from propensity score matching show small negative effects of imprisonment on post-release labour market attachment. Moreover, we find no effect for those without pre-sentence labour market attachment. Thus, the negative effects are restricted to those with some labour market attachment before imprisonment.

  • 8.
    Bäckman, Olof
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Substance Abuse, Crime and the Life Course2017In: The Routledge International Handbook of Life-Course Criminology / [ed] Arjan Blokland, Victor van der Geest, Routledge, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Bäckman, Olof
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Shannon, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology. The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention, Sweden.
    The life course of young male and female offenders: Stability or change between different birth cohorts?2014In: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 54, no 3, p. 393-410Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Individuals’ life chances are shaped by the times and events that they experience. This emphasizes the need for studies that focus on staggered birth cohorts. The article presents a new longitudi-nal data set that includes three complete Swedish birth cohorts, born in 1965, 1975 and 1985. Comparisons between the different birth cohorts show how offending distributions among young offenders, as well as their socio-demographic backgrounds and life chances, have developed over time. The analyses of stability and change presented in the study may serve as a point of departure for more informed discussions of the significance of societal changes for the criminality and life chances of male and female offenders.

  • 10.
    Bäckman, Olof
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Shannon, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Unga och brott i Sverige: underlagsrapport till Barns och ungas hälsa, vård och omsorg 20132013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I rapporten beskrivs barns och ungas utsatthet för brott samt ungdomsbrottslighetens omfattning och utveckling. Dessutom analyseras de demografiska och sociala bakgrundsfaktorerna bakom ungdomsbrottslighet.

  • 11. Bäckman, Olof
    et al.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Det andra utanförskapet? Om social exkludering på landsbygden2008Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12.
    Bäckman, Olof
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI). Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Long-term consequences of being not in employment, education or training as a young adult. Stability and change in three Swedish birth cohorts2016In: European Societies: The Official Journal of the European Sociological Association, ISSN 1461-6696, E-ISSN 1469-8307, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 136-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we analyse the development of young adults not in education, employment or training (NEET) in three complete Swedish birth cohorts born in 1975, 1980 and 1985. We analyse the risk for future labour-market exclusion among NEETs, and how this risk varies between three birth cohorts who made the transition from school to work during periods characterised by different opportunity structures for young adults. Analyses using propensity score matching with repeated outcomes show that belonging to the NEET-group in early adulthood has an independent effect on the development of subsequent labour-market risk for both men and women. Moreover, this effect increases across the cohorts. The fact that the degree of labour-market attachment has clear and long-lasting implications indicates that the problems associated with being NEET cannot be reduced to a transient phase. Rather, it seems as though being NEET may be both a step on an already unfavourable life career and a triggering factor for social exclusion.

  • 13.
    Bäckman, Olof
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Pathways to Social Exclusion— A Life-Course Study2011In: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 107-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article analyses how living conditions during childhood and adolescence structure socio-economic circumstances in midlife. The data are drawn from a new longitudinal Swedish data set—the Stockholm Birth Cohort Study—in which we can follow 14,294 individuals from birth (1953) to the age of 48 (2001). The analysis proceeds in three steps. The first step establishes the link between precarious living conditions in childhood and midlife social exclusion. In the second step, structural equation modelling is used to depict the pathways by which this association is mediated. The analysis produces tentative evidence that the long-term effect of financial poverty primarily runs via educational failure, whereas the effect of other social problems in the family of origin runs via deviant behaviour. In the third step, we analyse whether or not children who were raised in poor families or in families with other social problems are more sensitive to new risk exposures as adults. This is tested by examining the effect of long-term unemployment during the economic crisis of the 1990s on social exclusion risks 7–9 years later.

  • 14.
    Bäckman, Olof
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Social exkludering i ett livsförloppsperspektiv2011In: Utanförskap / [ed] Susanne Alm, Olof Bäckman, Anna Gavanas och Anders Nilsson, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2011, 1, p. 143-161Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Bäckman, Olof
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Ung och utanför2011In: Utanförskap / [ed] Susanne Alm, Olof Bäckman, Anna Gavanas och Anders Nilsson, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2011, 1, p. 163-183Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Bäckman, Olof
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Unga som varken arbetar eller studerar - olika definitioners betydelse för omfattning, sammansättning och konsekvenser2013In: Unga som varken arbetar eller studerar: statistik, stöd och samverkan : slutbetänkande, Stockholm: Fritzes, 2013, , p. 15p. 331-346Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Bäckman, Olof
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Fritzell, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    Marginalisering och uppväxtvillkor2008In: Framtider, ISSN 0281-0492, no 4, p. 21-23Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Eriksson, Lena
    et al.
    Institutet för framtidsstudier.
    Stenberg, Sten-Åke
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Flyghed, Janne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Vräkt - utkastad från hus och hem i Stockholm 1879-20092010Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att bli vräkt är något av det värsta som kan hända en familj men ingen vet exakt hur många detta drabbar varje år . Vad händer med alla dem som varje år döms till vräkning? Hur många får bor kvar efter en uppgörelse med värden? Hur många ger upp och flyttar innan kronofogden knackar på dörren? Vart tar de vägen? Med ett 130-årigt perspektiv speglar VRÄKT ett vardagsdrama där aktörerna är hyresvärd och hyresgäst, domstolar, kronofogdar, gårdagens fattigvård och dagens socialtjänst och – i dramats utkant – låssmeder, inkassobolag och flyttfirmor. Alltför lite görs för att bekämpa den ojämlikhet på bostadsmarknaden som vräkningarna och hemlöshet är symptom på anser författarna. Politikerna måste göra mer än reformera sociallagstiftningen, ändra tidsfrister i vräkningsprocessen och se över samarbetet mellan myndigheter och värdar. Intressegrupper och partier måste också agera och bidra till en debatt som leder längre än till administrativa åtgärder som mer döljer än löser problemen.

  • 19.
    Estrada, Felipe
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    The Darker Side of Equality? The Declining Gender Gap in Crime: Long Term Historical Trends and an Enhanced Analysis of Staggered Birth Cohorts2016In: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 56, no 6, p. 1272-1290Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we elucidate the way the gender gap in crime has changed in Sweden since the mid-19th century. The analysis is directed at theft offences and violent crime. The long historical perspective provides a background to our analysis that focuses on the period since the 1980s. Our principal data are comprised of the registered offending of different birth cohorts. Most of the findings from our study refute the hypothesis that the declining gender gap in crime is due to an increasing number of women committing offences. Instead, the most important driving forces in recent times have been a powerful decline in the number of men convicted of theft crime and a net-widening effect causing a rise in womens’ convictions for violence.

  • 20.
    Estrada, Felipe
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Flyghed, Janne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Bäckman, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Why are occupational safety crimes increasing?2014In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 3-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this article is to analyse the structure of, and trends in, reported occupational safety crimes. The central focus is directed at analysing how we might understand the substantial increase in the number of reported offences witnessed during the first decade of the 21st century. In order to analyse trends in occupational safety crimes we proceed from both official crime statistics and data that have been compiled specifically for the purposes of this study, including a nationally representative sample of offence reports relating to the occupational safety crimes reported to the police. The results show that the increase in reported offenses is primarily due to a shift in definitions and in the reactions of the authorities rather than to a powerful increase in the number of actual crimes committed. This leads to the conclusion that registered occupational safety offences should first and foremost be viewed as a measure of the work of the authorities, rather than as an indicator of real crime trends.

  • 21.
    Estrada, Felipe
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Does It Cost More to Be a Female Offender?: A Life-Course Study of Childhood Circumstances, Crime, Drug Abuse, and Living Conditions2012In: Feminist Criminology, ISSN 1557-0851, E-ISSN 1557-086X, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 196-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we use a new and rich longitudinal data set, the Stockholm Birth Cohort Study, which allows us to follow a cohort of girls and boys until they reach 48 years of age. We study differences in the social background and adult living conditions among men and women with different experiences of involvement in crime. It is clear that the female cohort members who have been registered for crime have experienced more disadvantaged childhoods than the males registered for offending. The results also indicate that involvement in crime seems to cost more for females, in terms of social exclusion.

  • 22.
    Estrada, Felipe
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Fattigdom och brott - från förklaring till bortförklaring2010In: Framtider, ISSN 0281-0492, no 1, p. 26-28Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23. Estrada, Felipe
    et al.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    La desigual victimacion ante la delinquencia2008In: Procesos de infraccion de normas y de reaccion a la infraccion de normas: dos tradiciones criminologicas: Nuevos estudios en Homenaje al profesor Alfonso Serrano Gomez, Dykinson Publishing Company, Madrid , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24. Estrada, Felipe
    et al.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Segregation and victimization: Neighbourhood resources, individual risk factors and exposure to property crime2008In: The European Journal of Criminology, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 193-216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As a means of improving our understanding of the significance of the residential

    neighbourhood, we have examined exposure to property crime, studying the

    extent to which differences in the risk of exposure to crime are related on the

    one hand to individual and household characteristics and on the other to

    neighbourhood conditions and differences in where people live. The data are

    drawn from interview surveys of living conditions, which also include a number

    of questions relating to criminal victimization. These survey data have been

    combined with register data relating to residential neighbourhoods. The focus is

    directed at different districts in urban areas, grouped on the basis of

    accumulated resource deficiencies.

  • 25.
    Estrada, Felipe
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    The gender gap in crime is decreasing, but who’s growing equal to whom?2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 359-363Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The declining gender gap in crime, observed in many Western countries, including Sweden, is often interpreted as showing an alarming shift in the offending of young women. Explanations to the observed pattern are often based on an assumption that women are increasingly coming to mimic the criminal behaviour of men, while we in this essay argue that to the extent behavioural change is at play, it is rather the other way around: men mimic women’s behaviour.

  • 26.
    Estrada, Felipe
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Jerre, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Wikman, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Violence at Work - The Emeregence of a Social Problem2010In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 46-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses trends in violence at work on the basis of victim surveys, work-environment surveys, and press material. It proceeds from the two most common explanations of why violence at work appears to have increased over recent decades. These emphasize shifts in working conditions that have increased employees' victimization risk, and a broadened view of what is regarded as work-related violence. The empirical analyses provide support for both these explanations, and the various dimensions examined—increased reporting propensities, expanded definitions, a reduced tolerance of violence, and altered working conditions—are linked to one another.

  • 27.
    Estrada, Felipe
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Pettersson, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    The female offender - A century of registered crime and daily press reporting on women’s crime2019In: Nordic Journal of Criminology, ISSN 2578-983XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how women’s crime has been reflected in crime statistics and media crime reporting. We employ a long-term historical perspective, looking at developments from the beginning of the 20th century until the present. We describe the overarching processes that underlie the decline in the gender gap in convictions for theft and violent crime, respectively, at different times during the past century. The study also use a new data set comprised of newspaper articles on women’s and men’s offending published by the Swedish press between 1905 and 2015. We compare the trend in the number of articles focused on offences committed by women and men respectively, variations in the offence types that the daily press choose to report on and the overarching explanations for crime that are discussed in the articles. The results show that levels of coverage and the types of crime that attract media attention are strikingly similar for men and women, but throughout the whole period there is a greater need for the newspapers to find reasons for women’s offending. Moreover, there has been no marked increase in the press focus on women’s crime as women have comprised an increasing proportion of those convicted of criminal offences.

  • 28.
    Estrada, Felipe
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Wikman, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Det ökade våldet i arbetslivet: En analys utifrån de svenska offerundersökningarna2007In: Nordisk tidskrift for kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 94, no 2, p. 56-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Victim surveys from both Sweden and her Nordic neighbours show that the proportion reporting exposure to violence at work has increased during the 1990s. This article examines the question of how this trend should be understood. Does the increase reflect a rise in the number of people exposed to such violence, or is it rather due to an increase in the focus on violence and a broadening of the way violence is defined? On the basis of Swedish victim surveys covering the period 1984 - 2001, the article examines whether the character of this problem has changed as regards the seriousness of the violence, the occupational groups exposed to such violence, and the extent to which victims have contacted the police. The study shows that there has been an increase in exposure to threats and violence at work. This increase is found primarily in relation to violence and not to threats, among women, and in particular those working with some form of care provision. One surprising finding is that the propensity to report work-related violence has diminished somewhat, something that is not true for other types of violence. We thus find a high propensity to report when levels of exposure are low, and a lower reporting propensity once exposure to violence has increased. This trend is conceptualized against the background of a shift in and broadening of the type of incidents reported in the context of victim surveys. Acts of violence against persons employed in the health sector, schools and in care provision are less likely to be reported to the police than violence perpetrated against members of other occupational groups. Thus as care workers come to account for an increasing proportion of both violent incidents and the victims of violence, the aggregate propensity to report such incidents decreases. When the focus is limited to those individuals working in the care sector who have themselves been exposed to violence, there are no signs of a reduction in their reporting propensity.

  • 29.
    Flyghed, Janne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Pettersson, Tove
    Estrada, Felipe
    Nilsson, Anders
    Samhällets fokusering på ungas brott är farlig2008Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Begränsade möjligheter eller bristande kontroll: uppväxtförhållanden och frihetsstraff2013In: Den svenska ungdomsbrottsligheten / [ed] Felipe Estrada, Janne Flyghed, Lund, 2013, 3, p. 143-160Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet beskriver uppväxtförhållanden för dem som sitter i fängelse och hur de skiljer sig från befolkningens i stort.

  • 31.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Brott & straff: Michael Tonry, red.:Crime, Punishment, and Politics in Comparative Perspective2009In: Framtider, ISSN 0281-0492, no 1, p. 24-24Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Fånge i marginalen: Uppväxtvillkor, levnadsförhållanden och återfall i brott bland fångar2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The principle objective of this dissertation is to study the living conditions of prison inmates from a resource perspective. The empirical section builds on a level-of-living survey of prison inmates in Sweden. A representative sample of inmates (n=411) were interviewed about their living conditions, with the focus placed primarily on their situation prior to imprisonment. Most of the questions are taken from the national level-of-living surveys of the general population, thus allowing for comparisons with the living conditions of the population at large. The findings are organised into three main areas: childhood, living conditions and recidivism. They reveal large differences by comparison with the rest of the population regarding the areas examined in the level-of-living surveys, i.e. childhood conditions, education, employment, financial situation, housing, health, social relations, political resources and criminal victimisation. These differences are particularly marked when different resource deficiencies/welfare problems are viewed in combination. Low levels of participation in and poor links to the labour market, as well as various welfare problems, mean that as a group the inmates can be described as marginalised and/or socially excluded. Their situation is further affected by aspects of their living conditions not included in the level-of-living surveys of the general population, such as the abuse of alcohol and/or drugs, being sentenced to prison and recidivism. When particular groups of prison inmates are examined separately, the situation of female inmates appears to be particularly problematic. They are more likely to be substance abusers, and have accumulated a larger number of resource deficiencies. Between an individual’s debut in crime and recidivism leading to a new prison or probationary sentence, a selection process takes place on several levels. As a group, inmates differ from the general population inter alia in their experience of worse childhood and living conditions. Further, those inmates who re-offend tend to live under worse conditions than those who desist from crime. This process is interpreted from a perspective which regards an individual’s access to resources as having a vital impact on their chances in life. The conditioning influence of society at large has a profound effect on the level of opportunities available to an individual. The final section of the dissertation therefore focuses on the link between structural factors and a lack of resources at the individual level. Economic trends in Sweden during the 1990s have made this a factor of highly topical interest; already vulnerable groups were hit much harder than others by the economic crisis and rising unemployment. Against the background of this trend and an increasing individualisation in the way social problems are viewed, the distance between prison inmates and the remainder of the population is deemed likely to have increased. This conjecture is given support by the few indicators available.

  • 33.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Kan man förutsäga brottsligheten?2008In: Fjorton perspektiv på framtiden, Institutet för Framtidsstudier, Stockholm , 2008Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 34.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Mot inkludering eller exkludering? Riskfaktorer för och konsekvenser av att vara ”ung och utanför”2014In: På väg in: ungdomars liv och försörjning, Stockholm: Försäkringskassan , 2014, p. 61-72Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Nilsson, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Unga vuxna som varken arbetar eller studerar: riskfaktorer och konsekvenser i fyra födelsekohorter2014In: Den långa vägen till arbetsmarknaden: om unga utanför / [ed] Jonas Olofsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, p. 57-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Nilsson, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Criminality and life-chances: The importance of individual resources and structural constraint.2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is currently a lack of research that is able to describe the longer term consequences of involvement in crime for broader welfare outcomes in adult life. And it exists even less analyses of how involvement in crime interacts with conditions connected both to individual-level resources and socio-historical constraints, in producing negative life outcomes in the longer term. The aim of this paper is therefore to present a study that focuses on the long term consequences of criminal involvement, and when doing this take in to consideration both individual resource deficiencies and structural constraints.

  • 37.
    Nilsson, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Involvement in Crime, Individual Resources and Structural Constraints: Processes of Cumulative (Dis)Advantage in a Stockholm Birth Cohort2013In: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 53, no 2, p. 297-318Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we study how a central welfare outcome, labour market attachment, develops for different groups defined on the basis of their criminal involvement over the life course. Can we see the pattern of increasing inter-group disparities in labour market attachment that would be predicted by cumulative disadvantage theories? If so, is this a result of the criminal history of individuals or should criminal involvement be seen as one element in a negative life trajectory in a more general sense? And what role do circumstances at the structural level play in such a process? The Swedish economic recession of the 1990s and an examination of how a Stockholm cohort entered, lived through and then exited the unemployment crisis provide an opportunity to study how macro events affect different groups of individuals in a specific socio-historical situation. Our results show that both individual resources and historical events at the structural level are important when it comes to describing individual biographies and events in the life course.

  • 38.
    Nilsson, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Established or excluded?: A longitudinal study of ciminality, work and family formation2011In: European Journal of Criminology, ISSN 1477-3708, E-ISSN 1741-2609, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 229-245Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we explore the longer-term implications of criminality. We look at different groups in a birth cohort defined on the basis of their level of involvement in crime. To what extent is juvenile and adult crime related to social exclusion in mid-life? We study differences in outcomes related to work and family, and whether these differences tend to grow or diminish over time. We employ a new longitudinal data set, The Stockholm Birth Cohort Study, which provides rich and unique life-course data from birth to age 48 for 14,294 girls and boys. Our results show that criminal involvement in adulthood has a negative long-term impact on the individual’s life course and career opportunities, even after having controlled for childhood conditions and drug abuse.

  • 39.
    Nilsson, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Hur gick det för dem?: Brottsliga pojkar och flickor som vuxna2009In: "Efter løsladelse": Rapport fra NSfK:s 51. forskarseminar / [ed] Hobson, K, 2009, p. 102-116Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Nilsson, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Kriminalitet och livschanser: Uppväxtvillkor, brottslighet och levnadsförhållanden som vuxen2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur ser framtiden ut för de pojkar och flickor som under tonåren registrerats för brott? I denna rapport ser vi till olika grupper definierade utifrån brottsbelastning som unga och vuxna. Vi använder oss av ett nytt longitudinellt datamaterial, gör det möjligt att följa en kohort födda 1953 fram till 48 års ålder. För de allra flesta med brottslig belastning så har det trots allt gått bra; de har arbete och familj. De individer som begått brott både som unga och vuxna, och detta gäller i synnerhet kvinnorna, hade dock påtagligt sämre välfärdssituation i medelåldern. Deras uppväxt var också svårare. Studien illustrerar såväl långsiktiga konsekvenser av ojämlika uppväxtvillkor och brottslighet som samhällets svårigheter att komma till rätta med dessa problem

  • 41.
    Nilsson, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    The unequal crime drop2016In: NSfK’s 58. Research Seminar, Bifröst, Island 2016: New challenges in criminology; can old theories be used to explain or understand new crimes?, Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology, 2016, p. 390-401Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Nilsson, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI). Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Offending, drug abuse and life chances — a longitudinal study of a Stockholm birth cohort2014In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 128-142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are many factors, both empirical and theoretical, which indicate that drug abuse can play an important role in explaining the links between criminality and life chances when viewed from a life-course perspective. In this article, we examine the links between crime and drug abuse and social inclusion and exclusion in adult life, and look at whether there are gender-specific patterns in these regards. The Stockholm Birth Cohort database allows us to follow a birth cohort born in 1953 to age 56. The results show that drug abuse is central both to processes of continuity in and desistance from crime and to life chances in adulthood. For the adult outcomes that relate to work and health, we also note a tendency towards polarization; the size of both the relative and the absolute differences between the comparison group and offenders with registered drug abuse increases over time. The same general pattern can be seen for males and females.

  • 43.
    Nilsson, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    The unequal crime drop: Changes over time in the distribution of crime among individuals from different socioeconomic backgrounds2017In: European Journal of Criminology, ISSN 1477-3708, E-ISSN 1741-2609, Vol. 14, no 5, p. 586-605Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1990s, many countries, including Sweden, have seen declining crime levels. In this article, we study whether this general trend is concealing differences between different social groups. In contrast to the few studies that have to date examined the issue of inequality in the crime drop, we focus on the social background of offenders rather than crime victims. We analyse register data covering three entire Swedish birth cohorts, in which convictions data have been linked to data on parental incomes. In this way, we are able to examine changes over time in the distribution of crime among individuals from different socioeconomic backgrounds. Our results show that crime trends differ by socioeconomic background: decreases in crime (theft offences) are greater among the more affluent, and increases (violent crime) are primarily located among the lower levels of the income distribution. This produces an increasing inequality in the conviction risk, primarily among men. Different mechanisms that can contribute to an understanding of why crime has become increasingly concentrated among less affluent social groups are discussed.

  • 44.
    Shannon, David
    et al.
    The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention, Sweden.
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Youth and crime in Sweden2014In: Oxford handbooks online, New York: Oxford University Press, 2014Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter describes trends in crime among Swedish youth on the basis of both official statistics and alternative indicators, noting a decline over time both in the general level of youth involvement in crime and in the size of the gender gap, particularly in official statistics. The system of reactions to youth crime in Sweden is described, together with central reforms implemented over the past 15 years and trends in sanctioning practice since the mid-1990s. Returning to the issue of the declining gender gap, the chapter concludes by presenting new data on both justice system sanctions and childhood resources and by discussing what these data might contribute to our understanding and interpretation of the declining sex differences in officially recorded crime.

  • 45.
    Sivertsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Participation and Frequency in Criminal Convictions across 25 Successive Birth Cohorts: Collectivity, Polarization, or Convergence?Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Wikman, Sofia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Våld i arbetslivet: En kriminologisk kunskapsöversikt2010Report (Other academic)
1 - 46 of 46
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