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  • 1.
    Blomquist, Tomas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Dehghanpour Farashah, Ali
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE).
    Thomas, Janice
    Athabasca University.
    Feeling good, being good and looking good: motivations for, and benefits from, project management certification2018In: International Journal of Project Management, ISSN 0263-7863, E-ISSN 1873-4634, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 498-511Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Project management (PM) is one of many occupations following a path to professionalization that includes voluntary certification. It has been said that certification, and especially voluntary certification, can be seen as an approach to being good by improving our competence in the profession, or a means to looking good, essentially signaling the capabilities of the holder. Based on self-determination theory, we contribute to this discussion the notion of feeling good whereby certification provides a way to challenge one’s capabilities, provide self-actualization, and a sense of worth. Using two sets of survey responses, collected 10 years apart (2004 and 2014), we assess whether there are differences in the demographics of those seeking voluntary project management certification, and the motivations (expected benefits), and realized benefits associated with this certification, at these two points in time. Demographically, the people with certification and those not pursuing certification did not exhibit any significant differences in either time period. Analyses indicate that feeling good and being good are the main motivators but participants pursuing certification in 2014 reported lower levels of motivations and received more benefit than those in 2004. Comparing responses as to why professionals pursue voluntary PM certification across a decade span, gives us an indication of how these perceptions may be changing with the increased popularity of the certification. We compare these findings to similar studies examining other volunteer certifications and conclude by discussing the potential impact of these changes from the perspective of the individuals seeking certification, the occupation, and certifying organizations.

  • 2.
    Blomquist, Tomas
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Dehghanpour Farashah, Ali
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Thomas, Janice
    Athabasca University.
    Project management self-efficacy as a predictor of project performance: Constructing and validating a domain-specific scale2016In: International Journal of Project Management, ISSN 0263-7863, E-ISSN 1873-4634, Vol. 34, no 8, p. 1417-1432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Measures of self-efficacy beliefs have been shown to be the best predictor of individual performance in many disciplines over 30 years. This makes measures of perceived self-efficacy a good indicator for those interested in hiring for, or improving specific skill sets. In project management, measuring the skill level of project managers is an important practical and academic question. Practically, hiring managers and program managers, needs an indicator of performance to help select the most appropriate project managers for each project. Academically, a common, established scale to measure project management self-efficacy would provide a tool for improving project management training and education, and increasing the comparability of research results across samples, industries and project results. This paper presents the construction and validation of a set of domain-specific, project management self-efficacy scales and provides evidence of its ability to predict project performance.

    The full text will be freely available from 2019-12-01 11:28
  • 3.
    Dehghanpour, Ali
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    The Process of Impact of Entrepreneurship Education and Training on Entrepreneurship Perception and Intention: Study of Educational System of Iran2013In: Education + Training, ISSN 0040-0912, E-ISSN 1758-6127, Vol. 55, no 8/9, p. 868-885Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Conventional wisdom as well as many studies confirms that entrepreneurship education increases entrepreneurial intention but there is a lack of research on some aspects including conceptual and theoretical development, mechanism of the effect of education, and study of regional variations. This paper studies the process of impact of entrepreneurship education and training on attitudes towards entrepreneurship, perception of social norms, self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention.

    Design/methodology/approach - Empirical data from 601 individuals from Iran is utilized to evaluate the model. The data are reported by Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM). Binary logistics regression is used to evaluate the effects of variables.

    Findings - Results show that completion of one entrepreneurship course increase the likelihood of having entrepreneurial intention by 1.3 times. Wald criteria demonstrate that fear of failure, desirability of entrepreneurial career, entrepreneurs’ status in society, self-efficacy and Education & Training are significant predictors of entrepreneurial intention. Perceived opportunity is not a strong but a moderate predictor.

    Research limitations/implications - Because of the country level focus of research, the research results may lack generalizability. This paper makes no rigid claim of causality . The causality is likely to be bi-directional.

    Practical implications - The findings have wider implications for a theory of entrepreneurial intention and also for the practice of teaching entrepreneurship. Higher efficiency of informal training than formal training, failing entrepreneurship education to provide necessary knowledge and skills for nascent entrepreneurs, and not considering the effect of macro socioeconomic conditions call for an immediate pedagogical redesign of entrepreneurship education and training in Iran.

    Originality/value - The paper summarizes learning processes and teaching models of entrepreneurship education, matches them with educational theories and makes argument on the mechanism of the effects of education. Then, Utilizing empirical data, The paper shows the effectiveness of entrepreneurship training and education initiatives in Iran and propose areas for improvement in the national level based on the summarized educational theories and teaching models.

  • 4.
    Dehghanpour Farashah, Ali
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Strategic fit framework of succession planning: effects on career attitudes and career success2015In: International Journal of Human Resources Development and Management, ISSN 1465-6612, E-ISSN 1741-5160, Vol. 15, no 2/3/4, p. 233-257Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study proposes a framework for aligning business strategy and succession planning and assesses the impact of the degree of fit on employee career attitudes and perceptions. Using configurational perspective of strategic human resource management, this study develops a strategic fit framework of succession planning. The framework of succession planning includes four kinds of configurations among strategy, organisational structure and succession planning culture that lead to positive career attitudes and a higher perception of career success among employees. Gathering data from 152 employees within 23 enterprise agencies, the paper empirically validates the developed framework. Results suggest perception of with the promotion process.

  • 5.
    Dehghanpour Farashah, Ali
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    The effects of demographic, cognitive and institutional factors on development of entrepreneurial intention: toward a socio-cognitive model of entrepreneurial career2015In: Journal of International Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1570-7385, E-ISSN 1573-7349, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 452-476Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Upon a well-established theoretical foundation Social Cognitive Career Theory; Lent, Brown, and Hackett (J Vocat Behav 45:79–122, 1994; J Couns Psychol 47:36–49, 2000), this study examines the effects of cognitive, affective, social, demographic, and contextual factors on the development of entrepreneurial intention. To test the hypotheses, binary logistic regression analysis was conducted using data from Global Entrepreneurship Monitor survey in which 183,049 individuals nested within 54 countries that participated. Entrepreneurial self-efficacy beliefs and entrepreneurial career outcome expectations are significantly correlated with entrepreneurial intention. Mastery experience including previous business ownership, entrepreneurial activity as part of a regular job or investing in a venture, exposure to a role model, social persuasion through media, and fear of failure are significant sources of entrepreneurial self-efficacy. A moderate relationship exists between country-level institutional profile and the sources of self-efficacy.

  • 6.
    Dehghanpour Farashah, Ali
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Estelami, Hooman
    Fordham University.
    The interplay of external punishment and internal rewards: an exploratory study of insurance fraud2014In: Journal of Financial Services Marketing, ISSN 1363-0539, E-ISSN 1479-1846, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 253-264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Economic theories related to ethical consumer behaviour have for the most part examined the role of external incentives and deterrents, and relatively less focus has been given to the role of internal incentives. This study explores the independent and joint effects of internal rewards and external punishment mechanisms on the likelihood of consumers exhibiting unethical behaviour in insurance fraud (IF) contexts. By utilizing a data set consisting of survey data on over 43 000 consumers across 26 European countries, this study examines the interaction of internal moral values and external deterrents, affecting unethical consumer behaviour. Ordinal regression analysis and binary logistic regression were used to assess the role of internal rewards and external punishment mechanisms in the occurrence of IF. Attitudinal differences towards IF and perceptions of the probability of being caught were used to classify customers and to predict the incidence of IF. Demographic variables were also found to be correlated with IF. Perceptions of ineffectiveness of fraud investigation and detection systems by fraudulent customers significantly influences their likelihood to commit IF.

  • 7.
    Dehghanpour Farashah, Ali
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Rezvani, Zeinab
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    The profile of unethical insurance customers: a European perspective2015In: International Journal of Bank Marketing, ISSN 0265-2323, E-ISSN 1758-5937, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 298-315Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although perceived as a wrong act, insurance fraud is a prevalent phenomenon. The purpose of this paper is to understand the psychological factors that lead to reporting an exaggerated/false insurance claim would enable insurance companies and policy makers to devise better preventive policies.

  • 8.
    Farzaneh, Jaleh
    et al.
    S&B Univ, Fac Econ & Management, Zahedan, Iran.
    Dehghanpour, Ali
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.
    Kazemi, Mehdi
    S&B Univ, Fac Econ & Management, Zahedan, Iran.
    The impact of person-job fit and person-organisation fit on OCB: the mediating and moderating effects of organisational commitment and psychological empowerment2014In: Personnel review, ISSN 0048-3486, E-ISSN 1758-6933, Vol. 43, no 5, p. 672-691Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Drawing upon the social exchange theory and empowerment theory, this study attempts to investigate the effect of perceived person-environment fit on organisational citizenship behavior. Furthermore, this study assesses the roles of organizational commitment and psychological empowerment in this relationshsip.

    Design/methodology/approach: Respondents of this study were employees of the Iran Northeast Gas Transfer Company. Data were collected through conducting a survey on 500 employees, of which 412 questionnaires were used for further analysis. Confirmatory factor analysis, structural equation modelling, Baron and Kenny's (1986) procedure for examining mediator effect and finally Zhao and Cavusgil's (2006) technique of evaluating moderator effect were utilised for the analyses.

    Practical implications: This research has implications for organisational approaches to human resource management organisations.

    Findings: Results indicated that organizational commitment acts as a mediator between Person-Job and Person-Organization fit and OCB. Psychological empowerment acts as a moderator between organizational commitment and OCB.

    Originality/value: This study empirically synthesises the joint effect of P-O fit and P-J fit on a behavioural variable (OCB) in the social context of organisation and explains the mechanism of the effect. The pattern of relationships tested is relatively novel.

1 - 8 of 8
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