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  • 1.
    Unger, Oskar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
    Fjärrkyla i Sundsvall: Optimering av framledningskurva för akviferbaserad fjärrkyla2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    On behalf of Sundsvall Energi AB, FVB Sverige AB has initiated a preliminary study on the establishment of a district cooling system in Sundsvall. The main source for the cooling will be cool water drawn from the aquifer and a compressor chiller. The main purpose of this project has both been to provide the optimal supply temperature of the cooling network at different outdoor temperatures, and to find out to what extent the cool water from the aquifer can be used by itself as the cooling source. The project was initially focused on examining the climate and cooling demand in Sundsvall. The cooling demand was examined on the basis of six existing buildings that uses freshwater district cooling, and different types of climatesystems were then examined to ascertain what their requirements for the supply temperature are. Cooling coil batteries were found to be the component that requires the lowest supply temperature; therefore, the cooling power calculations were relied on them. The outcome of the cooling coil battery calculations was presumed to correspond to the cooling power of the network itself. By comparing the cooling power of the coil batteries at different supply temperatures and the cooling demand at different outdoor temperatures the main supply temperature for the district cooling network took shape. The aquifer is expected to maintain a temperature of approximately 7°C to 9°C, but in this project the temperature is set to exactly 9°C. On those premises the supply temperature of the cooling network could be set to 11°C for most of the year, but with a reduction of the supply temperature at outdoor temperatures around 21°C. Subsequently the supply temperature is reduced to 6°C at the outdoor temperature 25°C. Via the supply temperature curve, the aquifer cooling coverage ratio could be assessed. The result shows that if the supply temperature is raised between 0,5°C and 1,0°C in the distribution network the compressor chiller will have to be in operation for 159 hours per year. If instead the supply temperature is raised 1,5°C or 2,0°C, the compressor chiller must be in operation for 233 hours and 325 hours, respectively. In summary, all the goals and targets of the project have been completed.

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