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  • 1.
    Thurgren, Caroline
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Catch And Run "On LINE": grovmotoriskt test2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    Peabody Developmental Motor Scale 2 (PDMS-2) is a motor development test for children up to age six. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of Catch And Run On LINE (On Line), a new shorter gross motor test for preschool children and to evaluate the concurrent validity between On Line and the gross motor portion of PDMS-2. The questions asked whether the summed scores of On Line are correlated to the summed scores of the PDMS-2 and how long it took to administer the two different gross motor assessments.

    Method

    On Line was developed as short version of PDMS-2. All children (n = 26) who were referred to the clinic for a gross motor assessment and who visited the author at Sachs´ Children and Youth Hospital over a 4 months period were invited to participate in the study if they had started to walk, were younger than 6 years old. The child was assessed on one occasion. The sums of the scores on subtests were calculated for both assessment instruments. The administrative times were compared between the two tests. Correlation between the PDMS-2 and On Line were performed for the whole group and separately for the younger (1-2) and older (3-5) children using Spearman's rho. ROC analysis was used to suggest cut off values for each group, from which the sensitivity and specificity were tested.

    Results

    On Line took significantly shorter time to administer compared to PDMS-2 (9.4 ± 2.4 vs. 28.1 ± 6.4 minutes). The correlation between the On Line and PDMS-2 was very good both for the whole group (rho = 0.969) and when the younger children (rho = 0.841) and the older children (rho = 0.970) were considered separately. Two of the subtests were compared between On Line and PDMS-2. “Ball” showed good correlation to the “Object Manipulation” (rho = 0.935) over the entire group. The younger (rho = 0.934) and the older group (rho = 0.900) showed good correlation separately. “Balance” between On Line and PDMS-2 also showed good correlation for all (rho = 0.939) and for the older group (rho = 0.851), but poorer correlation for the younger group (rho = 0.573). ROC analysis suggested a threshold for the younger kids on the total score of 19.5 on the new test, which resulted in a sensitivity of 0.75 and a specificity of 0.88. For the older children the suggested threshold was 48.5, the sensitivity 0.75 and the specificity 0.80.

    Conclusions

    On Line is quicker to administer and has a good correlation with the PDMS-2, indicating that it may be an appropriate assessment instruments to identify gross motor difficulties in preschool children. More normative data and further tests of its clinimetric properties are needed before the test can be applied in the clinic.

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