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  • 1.
    Knitter, Daniel
    et al.
    Christian Albrechts Univ Kiel, Phys Geog, Ludewig Meyn Str 14, D-24118 Kiel, Germany.
    Guenther, Gerrit
    Christian Albrechts Univ Kiel, Phys Geog, Ludewig Meyn Str 14, D-24118 Kiel, Germany.
    Hamer, Wolfgang Berengar
    Christian Albrechts Univ Kiel, Phys Geog, Ludewig Meyn Str 14, D-24118 Kiel, Germany.
    Kessler, Torben
    Christian Albrechts Univ Kiel, Class Archaeol, Johanna Mestorf Str 5, D-24118 Kiel, Germany.
    Seguin, Joana
    Christian Albrechts Univ Kiel, Inst Ecosyst Res, Phys Geog, Olshausenstr 75, D-24118 Kiel, Germany.
    Unkel, Ingmar
    Christian Albrechts Univ Kiel, Inst Ecosyst Res, Phys Geog, Olshausenstr 75, D-24118 Kiel, Germany.
    Weiberg, Erika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Classical archaeology and ancient history.
    Duttmann, Rainer
    Christian Albrechts Univ Kiel, Phys Geog, Ludewig Meyn Str 14, D-24118 Kiel, Germany.
    Nakoinz, Oliver
    Christian Albrechts Univ Kiel, Pre & Protohist Archaeol, Johanna Mestorf Str 3, D-24118 Kiel, Germany.
    Land use patterns and climate change?a modeled scenario of the Late Bronze Age in Southern Greece2019In: Environmental Research Letters, ISSN 1748-9326, E-ISSN 1748-9326, Vol. 14, no 12, article id 125003Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we present a modeling approach that investigates how much cultivable land was required to supply a society and whether societies were in need when environmental conditions deteriorated. The approach is implemented for the North-Eastern Peloponnese and is based upon the location of Late Helladic IIIB (1300?1200 BCE) archaeological sites, an assessment of their sizes, and a proposed diet of the people. Based on these information, the areal requirement of each site is calculated and mapped. The results show that large sites do not have sufficient space in their surroundings in order to supply themselves with the required food resources and thus they depended on supplies from the hinterland. Dry climatic conditions aggravate the situation. This indicates that potential societal crisis are less a factor of changing environmental conditions or a shortage of arable land but primarily caused by socio-economic factors.

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