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  • 1. Aartsen, Marja
    et al.
    Valtorta, Nicole
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    van Regenmortel, Sofie
    Waldegrave, Charles
    Corrigan, Trudy
    Exclusion from social relations in later life: Briefing paper2018Report (Other academic)
  • 2. Abellan, A.
    et al.
    Perez, J.
    Pujol, R.
    Sundstrom, G.
    Jegermalm, Magnus
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Malmberg, B.
    Partner care, gender equality, and ageing in Spain and Sweden2017In: International Journal of Ageing and Later Life, ISSN 1652-8670, E-ISSN 1652-8670, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 69-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We used national surveys to study how older persons’ changing household patterns influence the gender balance of caregiving in two countries with distinct household structures and cultures, Spain and Sweden. In both countries, men and women provide care equally often for their partner in couple-only households. This has become the most common household type among older persons in Spain and prevails altogether in Sweden. This challenges the traditional dominance of young or middle-aged women as primary caregivers in Spain. In Sweden, many caregivers are old themselves. We focus attention to partners as caregivers and the consequences of changing household structures for caregiving, which may be on the way to gender equality in both countries, with implications for families and for the public services.

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  • 3. af Winklerfelt Hammarberg, Sandra
    et al.
    Hange, Dominique
    André, Malin
    Udo, Camilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Svenningsson, Irene
    Björkelund, Cecilia
    Petersson, Eva-Lisa
    Westman, Jeanette
    Care managers can be useful for patients with depression but their role must be clear: a qualitative study of GPs’ experiences2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, ISSN 0281-3432, E-ISSN 1502-7724, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 273-282Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Explore general practitioners’ (GPs’) views on and experiences of working with care managers for patients treated for depression in primary care settings. Care managers are specially trained health care professionals, often specialist nurses, who coordinate care for patients with chronic diseases.

    Design: Qualitative content analysis of five focus-group discussions.

    Setting: Primary health care centers in the Region of Västra Götaland and Dalarna County, Sweden.

    Subjects: 29 GPs.

    Main outcome measures: GPs’ views and experiences of care managers for patients with depression.

    Results: GPs expressed a broad variety of views and experiences. Care managers could ensure care quality while freeing GPs from case management by providing support for patients and security and relief for GPs and by coordinating patient care. GPs could also express concern about role overlap; specifically, that GPs are already care managers, that too many caregivers disrupt patient contact, and that the roles of care managers and psychotherapists seem to compete. GPs thought care managers should be assigned to patients who need them the most (e.g. patients with life difficulties or severe mental health problems). They also found that transition to a chronic care model required change, including alterations in the way GPs worked and changes that made depression treatment more like treatment for other chronic diseases.

    Conclusion: GPs have varied experiences of care managers. As a complementary part of the primary health care team, care managers can be useful for patients with depression, but team members’ roles must be clear.

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  • 4. Agahi, Neda
    et al.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Aging Research Center.
    Carin, Lennartsson
    Social integration and alcohol consumption among older people: A four-year follow-up of a Swedish national sample2019In: Drug And Alcohol Dependence, ISSN 0376-8716, E-ISSN 1879-0046, Vol. 196, p. 40-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Today’s older people drink more alcohol than earlier cohorts of older people. Social integration has been identified as an important factor for older people’s drinking, but the association is complex. This study investigates both high and low levels of social integration and their associations with longitudinal patterns of alcohol consumption among older women and men.

    Methods: Longitudinal nationally representative data of older Swedish women and men aged over 65 – the Swedish Level of Living Survey (LNU) and Swedish Panel Study of Living Conditions of the Oldest Old (SWEOLD) – from 2010/2011 and 2014 (n = 1048). Associations between social contacts and social activities at baseline and longitudinal patterns of drinking frequency were examined with multinomial logistic regression analyses. Results: Men reported drinking alcohol more often than women, but the most common drinking frequency among both women and men was to drink monthly or less. Drinking habits were generally stable over time. People with high levels of social activity at baseline were more likely to have a stable daily or weekly drinking frequency or increased drinking frequency over the four-year follow-up period, particularly women. People with low levels of social contacts and/or social activities were less likely to have a stable daily or weekly drinking frequency, compared to people in the low and stable drinking frequency group.

    Conclusions: Alcohol consumption is embedded in a social context, older people drink in social situations and social integration predicts continued drinking patterns.

  • 5.
    Ahmed-Dahmane, Imane
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Popescu, Monica
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Anhörigvårdare av personer med demens: En litteraturöversikt om anhörigvårdares upplevelser under vårdtiden2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Family caregiving of people with dementia is expected to increase due to a declining public care and a growing number of people suffering from dementia. There is a need for better understanding of the life situation of family caregivers in order to give them the right support. The aim of this literature study is to emphasize the life situation of relatives caring for persons with dementia disease.  The methodological approach is thematic analysis av 15 qualitative studies that have been identified after a literature search conducted in three databases. The results are presented in three main themes and five sub-themes. The themes highlight the family caregivers, their experience and the strategies they use to cope with everyday life. The study concludes that the life situation of the family caregivers is individualized. Their support needs are varying according to the development of the dementia disease and the circumstances before the illness.

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  • 6.
    Ahola, Malin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Sundell, Annika
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    "Vi jobbar inte med själva barnen": En kvalitativ intervjustudie av socialsekreterares beaktande av barnperspektivet i ekonomiskt bistånd2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the essay is to investigate how the child perspective is taken into consideration in the social services' management of financial assistance. The method used is a qualitative interview study. Six social workers within financial assistance have been interviewed. The study is based on the theory of discretion, and is of relevance to social work since children in families who receive financial assistance constitute a vulnerable group who is at risk of ending socially vulnerable even in adulthood.

    The results of the study show that most of the social workers perceive the child perspective as unclear. The study also shows that children tend to be invisible in financial assistance, and that the social workers perceive that they do not have sufficient conditions to work from a child perspective. The study further shows that most of the social workers have a request to work more from a child perspective.

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  • 7. Alexanderson, Karin
    et al.
    Jess, Kari
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Stuprör, hängrännor och rännkrokar: Utvärdering av projektet Samordnat stöd till barn och föräldrar i familjer med missbruk 2013–20142015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Socialstyrelsen har initierat ett utvecklingsarbete i fem kommuner i syfte att samordna stödet till barn under 18 år och föräldrar i familjer där föräldrar har problem med riskbruk/missbruk. Arbetet skulle särskilt stärka helhetssynen och samverkan mellan enheter i kommunen som har ansvar för barn, ungdom och familj respektive missbruk och beroende. Med helhetssyn avses här att se barns och vuxnas individuella behov, men även som familj, när det gäller socialtjänstens arbete med att upptäcka missbruk bland föräldrar, utreda, ge insatser och följa upp. Utvärderingen, som om avser tiden november 2012 till september 2014., avser såväl själva utvecklingsarbetet (processen) som dess resultat. Det kan med utvärderingstermer benämnas programteoriutvärdering och som genererat tre övergripande frågeställningar: Har kommunerna genomfört vad de föresatt sig göra? Har de uppnått de mål som de satt upp? Vilka förhållanden hindrar alternativt befrämjar ett familjeperspektiv i socialtjänstens arbete med barn och vuxna? För analys och tolkning av resultaten har implementeringsteori och teorier kring organisation och samverkan använts. Två år är en kort tid för att ett utvecklingsarbete av den här omfattningen ska ge några synbara avtryck i verksamheterna och framförallt innebära något för brukarna/ klienterna. I två kommuner har arbetet fått ett sådant genomslag att även klienterna kunnat tillfrågas om upplevelsen av samordningen samt om och hur arbetet inneburit någon förändring för dem. I en kommun har arbetet inte gett några större avtryck vare sig i organisationen eller för klienterna. I två kommuner har det inneburit viss utveckling av samarbete och samordning på professions- och verksamhetsnivå. Alla fem kommuner har fullföljt projektet och har en ambition att fortsätta utvecklingsarbetet. Målsättningen att pröva de samordnande insatserna i större skala har omsatts i en av de deltagande kommunerna. Det kan konstateras att de i teorin beskrivna hindren även förekommer i detta projekt. Det gäller exempelvis brister i kommuniceringen, hur samordnandet och uppföljningen med familjen faktiskt ska gå till, hög personalomsättning, hög arbetsbelastning och brister i ledningsstöd. Att enheterna är lokaliserade på olika ställen eller organiserade i olika förvaltningar är andra hinder. Framgångsfaktorer har varit fungerande arbetsledarskap och förankring på flera nivåer. Ledare som tar aktiv del och lyssnar och lär. Att det finns mottagningsfunktioner på bägge enheterna inom respektive kommun banar vägen för samverkan när det gäller upptäckt och utredning. Att testa en samordningsmodell i några pilotärenden förefaller vara ett bra sätt att förbereda sig innan implementering sker i större skala. Att utbyta erfarenheter med andra kommuner har visat sig verkningsfullt. Det finns flera exempel på hur kommunerna av lärt varandra och även använt varandra i utvecklingsarbetet. Optimistiska, erfarna och uthålliga projektmedarbetare med tydliga mandat som leder implementeringen är en framgångsfaktor, liksom att utgå från faktiska behov av förändringar i organisationen. Tre förhållanden som identifierats som hindrande eller försvårande av ett samordnat arbetssätt kan sammankopplats med lagstiftning och organisationsformer. Utredning och insats går inte alltid i fas med varandra tidsmässigt på vuxenheten och enheten för barn och unga. Enligt socialtjänstlagen ska en barnutredning vara slutförd inom fyra månader och en förhandbedömning ska vara gjord inom 14 dagar (SOL 11:2). Sådana tidsgränser formuleras inte för vuxenärenden. Barnutredningen kan avslutas utan insats med hänvisning till att det finns en fungerande förälder och vuxenutredningen likaså, därför att den vuxne inte är motiverad att göra något åt sitt missbruk. Själva arbetets organiserande gör att det finns flera ärenden i en familj som inte synkroniseras. Slutligen diskuteras resultatet utifrån den vedertagna metaforen stuprör. De flesta kommuner i Sverige har en specialiserad organisation. I en sådan organisation flyter barnärendena i ett stuprör och vuxenärenden i ett annat. Utöver detta införs här metaforerna hängrännor och rännkrokar. Hängrännor behövs för att möjliggöra ett helhetsperspektiv på familjen, i hängrännorna blandas ärendena. Rännkrokar slutligen ses som strukturerna i organisationen som underlättar de blandade ärendeflödena. De samordningsmodeller som kommunerna prövat kan liknas vid försök att montera upp hängrännor. 

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  • 8. Alexandersson, Karin
    et al.
    Nyström Svensk, Ingrid
    Olsson, Helén
    Udo, Camilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Försörjningsstöd som leverbröd - Det ekonomiska biståndets utveckling 2007-2008, i sex kommuner i Dalarna, i relation till förändringar i det svenska välfärdssystemet.2008Report (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Alhabeeb, Maha
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Mirzoyan, Goar
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Rätt man på rätt plats I will I can I do: En kvalitativ studie om högutbildade manliga flyktingar från ickevästliga länder och deras väg till en lyckad etablering på den svenska arbetsmarknaden.2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish society today is characterized by cultural diversity. The number of refugees has increased in recent years. Being a refugee in Sweden, with a high-level education, and without a qualified job is a trying situation. Most studies point to difficulties and barriers for refugee academics in entering the Swedish labor market. However, some refugee academics have managed to circumvent these difficulties and have found a strong foothold in the labor market. The study was conducted with a qualitative study aimed at examining positive examples of six male refugees with a college degree, who come from Iraq, Syria, Somalia and Afghanistan, and their path to a qualified job. The results show that the participants' cultural capital and their empowerment facilitates access to the labor market. Our study shows that social contacts are of little importance to our participants in their search for employment.

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  • 10.
    Aljebouri, Sally
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Samverkan i ärenden med våld i nära relationer: Socialsekreterares och polisers erfarenheter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate social workers and police investigators perceptions and experiences of cooperation between the two authorities in cases of violence against women and children by men in a close relationship. The method used was qualitative with semi-structured interviews. Three social workers in the social services and two police investigators were interviewed. Cooperation was used as a theoretical frame. The result showed that cooperation is perceived as more extensive and structured when children are involved, compared to when women without children are abused. Collaboration is affected by different work methods, procedures, rules of confidentiality, lack of resources and time. Results showed further that personal relationships affect cooperation and there is knowledge and awareness of violence in close relationships in both authorities. Cooperation between social services and the police is necessary and contributes to help abused women and children to get the support they need.

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  • 11.
    Alm, Johanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Östling, Charlotte
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Barnen - framtida bidragstagare?: - Socialsekreterares syn på det förebyggande arbetet med barnfamiljer inom ekonomiskt bistånd2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine how social workers at the unit for financial assistance look at the preventive work with families receiving financial assistance, to prevent the children from becoming beneficiaries themselves in the future. The study was based on a qualitative approach, where semi-structured interviews was used as method for data collection. Thematic analysis was used to analyse the collected material. The result of the study shows that the social workers believe that the preventive work should focus on the parents, by assisting them to as soon as possible reach self-sufficiency and support them to be good role models for their children. Further, the result show that the social workers wish to work more preventive, but that a reorganization in the municipality is required to enable an effective preventive work.

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  • 12.
    Andersson, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Melandsö, Kajza
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Psykisk hälsa i skolan, ett förebyggande arbete: En enkätstudie över lärare i ämnet Idrott och hälsas uppfattning om arbetet med psykisk hälsa på lektionstid2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to study how Swedish teachers in Physical education work with mental health, their own perceived level of knowledge and how they wish to work.   A quantitative survey has been conducted via Facebook. In total 146 respondents participated in the survey. The results were analyzed with the theories KASAM and OCB role perception taken into account, and linked to previous research.   The result shows that teachers plan for mental health in the education quite rarely, but nevertheless talk about mental health relatively often outside of scheduled time. Most teachers consider themselves to have a fairly good knowledge of mental health. However, more than half of them perceive that the subject has been treated to a low degree during their own education. Most teachers want mental health to take a greater part in lessons. Several teachers suggest that mental health should become an own subject.

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  • 13.
    Andersson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Hatula, Mimmi
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Mäns våld mot kvinnor under graviditet: En litteraturstudie om våldets påverkan på kvinnans livssituation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This literature review investigates how pregnant womens’ life situations are affected by mens’ violence. The data material consists of twelve articles which aims to present the womens’ own stories. The articles/studies have been analysed and categorised into four themes and subthemes, which represents the result of the literature review. The result has been discussed with the theory of gender power, radical feminism and the four levels of inequality for a greater understanding of the womens’ life situations. The discussion illustrates how social workers can be inspired to work with women, who are exposed to violence during pregnancy, with a perspective of empowerment. The literature review shows the importance for social workers to have an overall picture and understanding about how the womens’ home situation, ambivalence, self images and the difficultness with leaving creates a complex life situation where the women and their children are in need of support and help to be able to act on their own needs and increase their power.

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  • 14.
    Andersson, Daniel
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Christensen, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Spelproblematik hos skolungdomar: Socialarbetares upplevelser av att bemöta och hantera spelproblematik2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problematic gaming among adolescents in Sweden is a growing and many concerns, parents, school and social services worry about the negative impact gaming might have on adolescents. The aim of the study was to examine and describe the experiences that social workers have regarding gaming and its meaning for adolescents. The method used was qualitative and involved interviews with both municipal social workers and school counsellors and the interviews were analysed according to thematic analysis. The results showed that there is great concern among the professionals and that gaming can involve great consequences for many adolescents including some positive aspects. However, the conclusions are that there are reasons to be concerned about the growing problematic gaming among adolescents and that there is a need for increased knowledge on the subject.

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  • 15. Andersson, S
    et al.
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Magnusson, L
    Erlingsson, C
    Hanson, E
    Valued and received forms of support among Swedish working carers of older people: A descriptive study with focus on ICT-mediated support.2019In: Technology and Disability, ISSN 1055-4181, E-ISSN 1878-643X, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 189-202Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Arderbäck, Joline
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Gundersen, Bibbi
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    "Att vilja väl och att våga fråga": En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares arbete med barn som lever med missbruk i sin primärfamilj2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many children in society live in families where one or both parents have drug-addiction prob- lems. Early life conditions for these children may result in a need of support, which may be a requirement for a more favourable psycho-social development. The study purpose was to in- vestigate social worker’s experience of work with children with drug addiction problems in their primary family, based on the criticism of social service assistance. The study was based on a qualitative approach with semi-structured interviews. Six social workers in central Swe- den were interviewed about their experience of structural and individual preconditions and difficulties in the work. The study shows that the majority of the difficulties are experienced on the structural level within the organization while the majority of the preconditions are ex- perienced on the individual level. The structural difficulties are not experienced to affect the respondent’s own individual preconditions in their work and neither the feeling that they in their profession are able to do a good job. In addition, all the respondents feel that the support for the children and young people meet the current needs.

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  • 17.
    Arnberg, Rebecca
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Holmgren, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Samverkan mellan en socialtjänst och ett HVB-hem: En kvalitativ studie om hur en socialtjänst och ett HVB-hem upplever samverkan dem emellan.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to study the cooperation between a social service and a residential care institution for unaccompanied asylum-seeking children and young people. The authors have conducted semi-structured interviews with social workers and residential care workers. The results has been analyzed from previous research and theoretical framework, which is about collaboration, communication and knowledge sharing. The result shows that they do not have an optimally functioning cooperation at the moment but they are working it out together. The result also shows that this is due to the increased number of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children who came to Sweden in 2015. This leads to both social service and residential care institution having a high workload and lack of time, which means that they have to prioritize urgent problems that arise.

  • 18.
    Aspelin, Mark
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Fremén, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Biståndshandläggares upplevelser av äldre med riskbruks- och beroendeproblematik inom äldreomsorgen.: En kvalitativ studie om biståndshandläggares upplevelser av att bedöma omsorgsinsatser till personer med en riskbruks- och beroendeproblematik gällande alkohol2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to examine care managers perception of working with elderly people with alcoholic and addiction problems. This is answered through a focus group interview with four care managers from a municipality in the central part of Sweden. Empirical data has been analyzed with content analysis and linked to previous research and theory of collaboration, self-determination and legal, moral and organizational conditions.Result shows that care managers working with elderly consider that alcohol and addiction problems can result in both social and health problems in the elderly’s life. They also notice a greater social acceptance around alcohol consumption by elderly women and men than two decades ago. Care managers experience that moral conditions can affect their discretion in a negative way, that cooperation with their own unit and the unit for abuse works properly when cooperation is needed and that care managers also notice that autonomy is among the most important approach when working with elderly people with alcohol and addiction.

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  • 19. Austin, CA
    et al.
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Why did I fall? Older people’s perceptions of the cause of their fall predict outcomes at 6 month2009In: Age and Ageing, ISSN 0002-0729, E-ISSN 1468-2834, Vol. 38, no Suppl. 3, p. 41-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 20. Austin, CA
    et al.
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Cheung Chung, M
    Posttraumatic stress disorder in older people after a fall2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Ayoub, Maria
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Shawali, Shada
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Heder: En gråzon mellan makt, kön och kultur: En kvantitativ studie om socialarbetares upplevda kunskap och förståelse för hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish community and social services face major challenges regarding the management of honor-related violence and oppression. Lack of knowledge and an ambiguous understanding of violence affect the work of social services and may complicate the situation of vulnerable individuals. The main purpose of this study was to investigate social workers, within the section of children and family in a Swedish municipality, perceived knowledge and confidence in honor-related cases and the need for support in their work. The social workers’ views on honor-related violence and oppression were also investigated. The survey was based on a quantitative approach and questionnaires were used for data collection. The main results demonstrate that the social workers to some extent perceive themselves as having expertise in the field of honor. Nevertheless, they feel insecure in the work with honor-related cases. Furthermore, it appears that social workers are in need of specific support from the organization such as education and case supervision. Regarding the view of honor violence, a majority indicated that a gender perspective and a cultural perspective were important to understand the problem.

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  • 22.
    Ayoub, Maria
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Udo, Camilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Randell, Eva
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Promoting social engagement for young adults living in social isolation: Social workers and health care professionals' perceptions of success factors2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Today the global number of young adults not in employment, education or training seem to increase. A large proportion of the group are unemployed and disengaged and have not been in contact with any authority. Thus, they are invisible to many community services and official agencies. The situation standing outside the society may have negative long-term health effects and statistics shows that more than a third of the target group after ten years still not work or study. Socially withdrawn youth is a complex phenomenon and very few young adults seek help, often due to their lack of motivation. For this reason, unemployed and inactive young people are often described as being a difficult group to support and engage. Further, there is currently limited evidence on the effects of interventions directed to socially withdrawn youth not in employment or education and the use of evidence-based practice has to be improved.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate social workers and health care professionals’ experiences of working with young adults living in social isolation, and to identify which interventions the professionals find most successful in supporting the young adults’ engagement in society.

    Methods: In this study a qualitative method was used. Ten semi-structured interviews were conducted that included thirteen employees from social services and outpatient psychiatric clinics in a Swedish county. Data were analyzed using thematic network analysis.

    Results: Analysis resulted in two general thematic networks: ”barriers of the transition into adulthood” and ”to manage complex needs”. Participants tended to associate the issues of young adults with difficulties related to transition into adulthood. Mental health problems, low self-esteem, school related problems and limited social networks also came out in the interviews as factors that characterized unemployed and disengaged socially withdrawn youths. Participants described that successful work to re-engage these young adults included an empowerment-oriented perspective with a focus on the individual strengths, integrated and coordinated interventions and a flexible working approach.

    Conclusion: Today the societal changes and the process of individualization place greater demands on individual resources and capabilities which might increase the risk of social exclusion. Participants indicated that the complex problems of socially isolated young adults and experiences of long-term disengagement may contribute to stable and persistent withdrawal from society. Early identification and support for youths at risk of social withdrawal, a holistic approach, multifaceted interventions and tailored and flexible activities is deemed crucial to help reintegrate these young people. Further investigation is required to examine the effects of interventions targeting socially withdrawn and inactive young adults.

     

  • 23.
    Aziz, Hasibullah
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Etablerade invandrares perspektiv på integration: En kvalitativ studie om etablerade invandrares upplevelser av integrationsprocessen i småstäder2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Invandrarnas integration har alltid varit ett viktigt ämne i det svenska samhället. För att lyckas med integration finns det olika vägar och åsikter. Syftet med denna uppsats är att belysa etablerade invandrares perspektiv om vilka faktorer som bidrar till, respektive försvårar integrationen i det svenska samhället. Studien är kvalitativ, där sju semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes som datainsamlingsmetod och analyserades senare genom en tematisk analysmetod. Den teoretiska referensramen består av Diaz integrationsmodell samt tidigare forskning. Resultatet visar på att språk är huvudnyckeln till integration i samhället, samtidigt som det kan vara det största hindret för integration. Det kan trots allt övervinnas med vilja och motivation. Den andra största faktorn för invandrarnas integration är arbete. Arbete leder till god ekonomi och delaktighet i samhället. Arbete kan även ge upphov till ett större socialt nätverk, vilket vidare är en plattform för individen att lära sig samhällets normer och värderingar.

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  • 24.
    Baggström, Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Carlsson Falk, Sofi
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Etnisk identitet i en föränderlig värld: Upplevelser av etnisk identitet hos unga vuxna med utländsk bakgrund2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to obtain an understanding of whether and how young adults, with foreign background, feel that their views of their ethnic identity have been affected by growing up in a society where they are both part of a majority and minority population. This study also seeks to examine whether and how their view of their ethnic identity has affected their relationship with their family. Qualitative methods were used in this study, in terms of one focus group interview and four individual interviews. The material has been analyzed based on sociological theories of ethnic identity. Based on the collected empirical data, and the analysis of the results, the conclusion is that the perception of ethnic identity depends highly on the situation. The majority of respondents express a sense of double identity, where they experienced two ethnic identifications. They then switch between these identities depending on what is most appropriate based on the current situation. Another conclusion is that the family seems to play a significant role in the individuals views of their ethnic identities.

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  • 25. Barnes, S
    et al.
    Torrington, J
    Darton, R
    Holder, J
    Lewis, A
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Netten, A
    Orrell, A
    Does the design of extra care housing meet the needs of the residents?: a focus group study2012In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 32, no 7, p. 1193-1214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study objective was to explore the views of residents and relatives concerning the physical design of extra-care housing. Five focus groups were conducted with residents in four extra-care schemes in England. One focus group was carried out with relatives of residents from a fifth scheme. Schemes were purposively sampled to represent size, type, and resident tenure. Data were analysed thematically using NVivo 8. Two over-arching themes emerged from the data: how the building supports the lifestyle and how the building design affects usability. Provision of activities and access to amenities were more restrictive for residents with disabilities. Independent living was compromised by building elements that did not take account of reduced physical ability. Other barriers to independence included poor kitchen design and problems doing laundry. Movement around the schemes was difficult and standards of space and storage provision were inadequate. The buildings were too hot, too brightly lit and poorly ventilated. Accessible external areas enabled residents to connect with the outside world. The study concluded that, while the design of extra-care housing meets the needs of residents who are relatively fit and healthy, those with physical frailties and/or cognitive impairment can find the building restrictive resulting in marginalisation. Design across the dependency spectrum is key in meeting the needs of residents. Inclusive, flexible design is required to benefit residents who are ageing in situ and have varying care needs.

  • 26.
    Batti, Arin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Adam, Jasmin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Socialt arbete i skuggan av det hedersrelaterade   våldet2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the current study was to explore how social workers experience their knowledge and resources in their work with honor-related violence and oppression. We conducted a qualitative study based on semi-structured interviews with five social workers from two different municipalities in Sweden, who worked with honor-related violence and oppression. Collected data were analyzed using thematic analysis. The result showed a lack of knowledge and resources in the area, which resulted in a lack of security in the workplace. The result also showed the connection between power and knowledge and that these are interconnected and interdependent. Lack of knowledge in turn constitutes powerlessness. Knowledge thus becomes a lifeline for the social worker to be able to exercise the power needed to help victims of honor-related violence and oppression. Our study indicates that more research is needed that gives new perspectives on a work with honor-related violence and oppression.

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  • 27.
    Bellardini, Helena
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Tonkonogi, Michail
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Mckee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    The effect of gender on strength training in older people: a Swedish population study2012In: Psychology and Health, ISSN 0887-0446, E-ISSN 1476-8321, Vol. 27, no s1, p. 155-156Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Physical exercise contributes to healthy ageing, and strength training has beenshown to improve independence in older people.

    Method: Six hundred older people wererandomly selected from the Swedish population, and sent a self-completion questionnaire(57% response rate, n¼343) examining exercise history, current strength training, andperceived benefits and barriers to strength training.

    Results: Gender was associated with aperceived positive effect of strength training on quality of life (Women 42% vs. Men 27%).The most commonly reported benefits of strength training were better mobility (71%), energy(70%), and muscle strength (69%), with most benefits endorsed more commonly by womenthan men. The most commonly reported barriers to strength training were believing otherforms of exercise more suitable (49%) and cost (20%; Women 31% vs. Men 13%).

    Discussion:To better promote healthy ageing, interventions should be embedded in an understanding ofthe effect of gender on exercise behaviour.

  • 28.
    Berg, Karin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Kalliokoski, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Från möjlighet till tvång?: Biståndshandläggarnas upplevelser av förändringar i tillämpningen av kvarboendeprincipen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our study was to shad a light on case makers possibilities to apply the remain living principle based on its origin purpose and what they experience this lead to.

    We performed our study through qualitative approach and conducted six semi structured interviews with case makers who worked at least five years as case makers for older people according to Socialtjänstlagen. The result shows that the remain living principle is applied in a different way today than before, because of the organisations and the municipality´s guidelines and directives based on the municipality´s economy and resources are increasingly restricting the case makers discretion. Which according to the case makers leads to their professional judgment being disregarded and that the elderly does not always have a choice if they want to stay at home or not.

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  • 29.
    Berg, Madelene
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Jensen, Ida
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Äldres delaktighet vid flytt till särskilt boende: En intervjustudie utifrån undersköterskors perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study has aimed to highlight the nurses experience of elderly people´s participation and the possibility of influencing the establishment of action plans when moving to special housing. In the study, semi-structed interviews were conducted with eight nurses. Data were then analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The result demonstrated that communication and relationship as central starting points in the participation of the elderly. Furthermore, barriers to participation were revealed, such as lack of time, lack of commitment and approach in the profession. Finally, it was found that the working of nurses, where participation in action plan of the elderly, were heavily weighted, which is contrary to previous research.

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  • 30.
    Bergquist, Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Petrilä Ekholm, Anne
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Förebyggande socialt arbete: Fullständiga betyg från grundskolan minskar risken förutanförskap2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The society today is challenged with many difficult issues, such as how to manage health

    and social care, and the unemployment that makes it difficult for young people to

    establish themselves in the labor market. The responsibility for welfare initiatives rests on

    county councils and municipalities. The children and adolecents who are having difficulty

    in achieving the goals in school are likely to end up in alienation.

    The purpose with this study was to investigate the latitude of special educateors and

    special teachers in their work with pupils at risk of alienation. The qualitative study was

    conducted with semistructured interviews. The material for the study was based on the

    experiences of special educators and special teachers, the answers was evaluated with

    thematic analysis. The analyzed material was linked to previous research, action theory

    and the ecological systems theory. Our conclusion was that the latitude is affected by

    creativity and knowledge as well as time and finances, but the most crucial factor is the

    will and commitment of management, those who have the power.

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  • 31.
    Bergström, Isabella
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Gustavsson, Amelie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    “Helt vanliga svenssons, killar med jobb och företag”: Socialarbetares upplevelser av att arbeta med våldsutövande män2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att få en fördjupad kunskap i hur socialarbetare arbetar med våldsutövande män i nära relationer och få en förståelse för hur socialarbetare upplever arbetet. Som metod användes en kvalitativ intervjustudie med ett målstyrt urval av fem socialarbetare med erfarenhet av att arbeta med våldsutövande män. Det insamlade materialet analyserades utifrån en innehållsanalys och ett genus- och maktperspektiv. Studiens resultat visar att våldsutövande män har svårt att söka hjälp och prata om våldet till följd av skamkänslor orsakade av rådande maskulinitetsnormer. Det huvudsakliga arbetssättet innebär ett motiverande arbete som syftar till en beteendeförändring hos våldsutövare, inriktat på att få dem att förstå samt ta ansvar för våldet. Slutsatsen som kan dras är att våldsutövande män har ett stort behov av hjälp och stöd till en beteendeförändring som avsedda verksamheter i dagens läge inte möter upp, till följd av kommunala, organisatoriska och samhälleliga begränsningar.

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  • 32. Berleen, Göran
    et al.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Meinow, Bettina
    Karp, Anita
    Wånell, Sven Erik
    Metoder och nyckeltal för uppföljning av äldreomsorg i Danmark, Norge, England och Kanada2009Report (Other academic)
  • 33. Bichard, J
    et al.
    van den Heuvel, E
    Gilhooly, M
    Parker, S.G.
    Long, A.
    Ratcliffe, N.
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Gaydecki, P.
    Tackling ageing continence through theory, tools & technology (TACT3)2012In: International journal of aging in society, ISSN 2160-1909, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 83-98Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Bień, Barbara
    et al.
    Medical University of Bialystok, Department of Geriatrics, Poland.
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Döhner, H.
    3 University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Centre for Psychosocial Medicine, Department of Medical Sociology and Health Economics, Germany.
    Triantafillou, J.
    50plus Hellas Athens, Member of the Administrative Council, Greece.
    Lamura, G.
    INRCA, Department of Post-Acute and Transitional Care, Centre for Socio-Economic Research on Ageing, Ancona, Italy.
    Doroszkiewicz, H.
    Medical University of Bialystok, Department of Geriatrics, Poland.
    Krevers, B.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping, Sweden.
    Kofahl, C.
    University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Centre for Psychosocial Medicine, Department of Medical Sociology and Health Economics, Germany.
    Disabled older people’s use of health and social care services and their unmet care needs in six European countries2013In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 23, no 6, p. 1032-1038Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The national health and social care systems in Europe remain poorly integrated with regard to the care needs of older persons. The present study examined the range of health and social care services used by older people and their unmet care needs, across six European countries. 

    Methods: Family carers of older people were recruited in six countries via a standard protocol. Those providing care for disabled older people (n = 2629) provided data on the older person’s service use over a 6-month period, and their current unmet care needs. An inventory of 21 services common to all six countries was developed. Analyses considered the relationship between older people’s service use and unmet care needs across countries. 

    Results: Older people in Greece, Italy and Poland used mostly health-oriented services, used fewer services overall and also demonstrated a higher level of unmet care needs when compared with the other countries. Older people in the United Kingdom, Germany and Sweden used a more balanced profile of socio-medical services. A negative relationship was found between the number of different services used and the number of different areas of unmet care needs across countries. 

    Conclusions: Unmet care needs in older people are particularly high in European countries where social service use is low, and where there is a lack of balance in the use of health and social care services. An expansion of social care services in these countries might be the most effective strategy for reducing unmet needs in disabled older people.

  • 35.
    Bjerneby, Sanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Davidsson, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    “Den viktigaste faktorn är att våga prata om det”: En kvalitativ studie av arbetet kring psykisk ohälsa ur enhetschefers perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, absence from work related to mental health issues rose with 129 % between

    2011 and 2017. Dalarna county reported the highest increase. The majority of absence was

    that of women, specifically women working within the public sector. The aim of the study

    was to describe heads of departments experiences of which factors may prevent or shorten

    absence of work related to mental health issues among personnel within social service. A

    qualitative study with semistructured interviews was completed. The empirical data was

    analysed using a thematic analysis method and then related to pre-existing studies and the

    theoretical perspectives gender and SOC.

    Bachelors of social work often hold leading positions within the public sector.

    Studies concerning factors of importance for preventing mental health issues and factors of

    importance for easing a return to work are viewed as a necessity. The conclusion of our

    study shows the importance of a open work climate, participation, early efforts, distinct

    leadership, and a need of further education concerning mental health.

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  • 36.
    Björk, Matilda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Björklund, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Vad görs för att förebygga psykisk ohälsa hos unga?: En kvalitativ studie om yrkesverksammas erfarenheter och tankar om insatser mot psykisk ohälsa2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The mental ill-health of young people is a growing problem, which is something that must be stopped. The aim of this study was to show the perceptions and experiences of professionals about treatment against mental ill-health for young people. We conducted a qualitative study in which we interviewed six professionals who work with young people in different contexts in the community. The collected data has been analyzed with a thematic analysis. The results of this study showed that professionals work very much in their daily work with preventative efforts. There is short of research on the subject, especially evidencebased. The study's results showed that mental ill-health is a problem that is partly a consequence of the changing society we live in today. Our opinion is that more research is needed on the subject and more working methods that professionals can use.

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  • 37. Björkelund, Cecilia
    et al.
    Svenningsson, Irene
    Hange, Dominique
    Udo, Camilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Petersson, Eva-Lisa
    Ariai, Nashmil
    Nejati, Shabnam
    Wessman, Catrin
    Wallin, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Göteborgs universitet; Karolinska institutet.
    Westman, Jeanette
    Clinical effectiveness of care managers in collaborative care for patients with depression in Swedish primary health care: a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial.2018In: BMC Family Practice, ISSN 1471-2296, E-ISSN 1471-2296, Vol. 19, no 1, article id 28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the leading causes of disability and affects 10-15% of the population. The majority of people with depressive symptoms seek care and are treated in primary care. Evidence internationally for high quality care supports collaborative care with a care manager. Our aim was to study clinical effectiveness of a care manager intervention in management of primary care patients with depression in Sweden.

    METHODS: In a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial 23 primary care centers (PCCs), urban and rural, included patients aged ≥ 18 years with a new (< 1 month) depression diagnosis. Intervention consisted of Care management including continuous contact between care manager and patient, a structured management plan, and behavioral activation, altogether around 6-7 contacts over 12 weeks. Control condition was care as usual (CAU).

    OUTCOME MEASURES: Depression symptoms (measured by Mongomery-Asberg depression score-self (MADRS-S) and BDI-II), quality of life (QoL) (EQ-5D), return to work and sick leave, service satisfaction, and antidepressant medication. Data were analyzed with the intention-to-treat principle.

    RESULTS: One hundred ninety two patients with depression at PCCs with care managers were allocated to the intervention group, and 184 patients at control PCCs were allocated to the control group. Mean depression score measured by MADRS-S was 2.17 lower in the intervention vs. the control group (95% CI [0.56; 3.79], p = 0.009) at 3 months and 2.27 lower (95% CI [0.59; 3.95], p = 0.008) at 6 months; corresponding BDI-II scores were 1.96 lower (95% CI [- 0.19; 4.11], p = 0.07) in the intervention vs. control group at 6 months. Remission was significantly higher in the intervention group at 6 months (61% vs. 47%, p = 0.006). QoL showed a steeper increase in the intervention group at 3 months (p = 0.01). During the first 3 months, return to work was significantly higher in the intervention vs. the control group. Patients in the intervention group were more consistently on antidepressant medication than patients in the control group.

    CONCLUSIONS: Care managers for depression treatment have positive effects on depression course, return to work, remission frequency, antidepressant frequency, and quality of life compared to usual care and is valued by the patients.

    TRIAL REGISTRATION: Identifier: NCT02378272 . February 2, 2015. Retrospectively registered.

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  • 38.
    Björkelund, Cecilia
    et al.
    Department of Primary Health Care, Institute of Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg; Region Västra Götaland, Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Gothenburg.
    Svenningsson, Irene
    Department of Primary Health Care, Institute of Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg; Region Västra Götaland, Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Gothenburg.
    Petersson, Eva-Lisa
    Department of Primary Health Care, Institute of Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg; Region Västra Götaland, Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Gothenburg.
    Hange, Dominique
    Department of Primary Health Care, Institute of Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg; Region Västra Götaland, Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Gothenburg.
    Holst, Anna
    Department of Primary Health Care, Institute of Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg; Region Västra Götaland, Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Gothenburg.
    Westman, Jeanette
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola, Stockholm.
    Wallin, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Region Dalarna; Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborg.
    Udo, Camilla
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Centrum för klinisk forskning Dalarna; Region Dalarna.
    André, Malin
    Uppsala universitet.
    Möller, Christina
    Koncernkontoret, Västra Götalandsregionen.
    Vårdsamordnare för depression: effektivt grepp i primärvården2019In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 116, article id 2019;116:FSH3Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 39.
    Björndahl, Linda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Saxe, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    När hjälp och stöd blir till bojor och hinder: En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares arbete med att återintegrera våldsutsatta kvinnor med skyddade personuppgifter i samhället.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the society of today there is a gender power order where men are parent of women. This

    superiority tends to permeate and affect institutions and organizations of the society. The responsibility

    of abused women in Sweden lies with the social services and is controlled by the

    social services act. Together with the national guidelines and common advice of the social board

    the idea is for the business to form strategies and actions to provide help and support for abused

    women.

    The purpose of our investigation is to see how social workers are working to reintegrate

    women who live with protected personal data in the society based on the right to be self sufficient

    and independent. A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews were conducted.

    The empirical data, based on six social secretary experience, evaluated through a thematic

    analysis and linked to previous research and theoretical perspectives SOC and gender power.

    The conclusions we have reached are that the work is affected by both experience, way

    of work, as well as guidelines and limitations in the legislation. The activities offered are helping

    women in the acute phase but the long termed work have several limitations mainly for

    protected women.

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  • 40.
    Björndahl, Linda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Saxe, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    När hjälp och stöd blir till bojor och hinder: En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares arbete med att återintegrera våldsutsatta kvinnor med skyddade personuppgifter i samhället.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the society of today there is a gender power order where men are parent of women. This

    superiority tends to permeate and affect institutions and organizations of the society. The responsibility

    of abused women in Sweden lies with the social services and is controlled by the

    social services act. Together with the national guidelines and common advice of the social board

    the idea is for the business to form strategies and actions to provide help and support for abused

    women.

    The purpose of our investigation is to see how social workers are working to reintegrate

    women who live with protected personal data in the society based on the right to be self sufficient

    and independent. A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews were conducted.

    The empirical data, based on six social secretary experience, evaluated through a thematic

    analysis and linked to previous research and theoretical perspectives SOC and gender power.

    The conclusions we have reached are that the work is affected by both experience, way

    of work, as well as guidelines and limitations in the legislation. The activities offered are helping

    women in the acute phase but the long termed work have several limitations mainly for

    protected women.

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  • 41.
    Björses, Lisa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Löfstedt, Angelica
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Sympatistress: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om socialarbetares upplevelser av sekundär traumatisk stress och utbrändhet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate social workers experiences of compassion fatigue as well as their thoughts about health and risk factors in the area. The method used is a qualitative interview study in which eight social workers, investigating child welfare matters, were individually interviewed.

    The study shows that most of the social workers describe their own experiences of burnout but not of secondary traumatic stress. The most important support for not suffer from compassion fatigue is to be supported and the possibility to ventilate with colleagues and managers. However, the social workers consider that the risk of burnout is primarily due to a heavy workload in terms of the number of cases and high staff turnover.

    Finally, the study indicates that social workers do not have experience of secondary traumatic stress because they are using tools that prevent this. However, the risk of experiencing burnout is high since they have not found strategies for managing workplace stress.

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  • 42.
    Blomberg, Pernilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Lund, Johanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Äldre med alkoholmissbruk – hur bemöts de inom svensk hemtjänst?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to research, alcohol consumption among people aged 65 and over increases. This is supposed to mean that homecare staff will encounter alcohol addiction more and more frequently at work. The purpose of this study is to contribute to an increased knowledge of how work on elderly patients with problematic alcohol consumption is conducted within homecare.

    As a theoretical basis for the study, power, ageism, the view of man as object / subject, and approach to alcohol abuse were used. A qualitative method consisting of eight interviews with homecare staff was conducted.

    The result shows that the respondents find it important to be value-free at work. They also take into account the patients’ right to privacy. According to the Social Services Act, activities within social work must be based on respect for people's self-determination and integrity, something that the respondents consider in their work. Difficulties encountered by the respondents in the work are solved, among other things, by discussing with colleagues, something that was mentioned as strategies.

    It also emerged that the respondents believe that they sometimes don’t have the conditions required to meet the relevant group.

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  • 43.
    Blomstrand, Lisa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Mattsson, Josefin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Olika informationskällors betydelse för kunskap inom sexoch samlevnadEn kvantitativ enkätstudie om ungdomars inhämtande av kunskap: inom sex och samlevnad2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The whole society is affected by the lack of knowledge and poor attitudes about sexuality and

    sexual health. The purpose of the study was to describe young people's use and experience of

    information sources among different areas of knowledge in sexuality and sexual health, with

    a questionnaire. The result showed that friends/partners are the most valuable source of information.

    Pornography is a valuable source of knowledge about ways of having sex, and social

    media is a valuable source of knowledge for LGBTQ+. The most reliable sources of information

    are parents, youth clinics and friends/partners. The perceived knowledge of sexuality

    and sexual health in general achieved the level “moderate”, with the best knowledge

    about contraception and safer sex, and the most important knowledge areas were perceived as

    relationships. The most significant results showed that young people's perceived level of

    knowledge in one area and perceived reliability of a source correlate with how valuable

    young people experience the information source, not to what extent the source of information

    is used.

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  • 44.
    Boström, Emma
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Danielsson, Amilia
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Frivårdsinspektörens tvådelade roll: En kvalitativ studie om att bemöta klienter utifrån ett professionellt alternativt privat förhållningssätt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to explore probation officers approach professionally and privately to clients who are convicted or suspected of crime. We wanted to highlight the emotional strain that the professional role can create. We used a qualitative research approach in which the data collection method consisted of semi-structured interviews with six probation officers. The result showed that within the occupation there was a two-part view of whether there was difficulties to remain neutral toward clients who have committed more severe types of crime. The result showed that there were probation officers whose private values were too strong. There was some challenges in keeping distance between the professional and the private role when a closeness to the client was created. However, the closeness was considered a fundamental part to create a supportive relationship in order to achieve successful rehabilitation, which in some ways showed to be complicated.

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  • 45. Bozkurt Ahman, H
    et al.
    Giedraitis, V
    Cedervall, Y
    Berglund, L
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Rosendahl, E
    Ingelsson, M
    Åberg, Anna Cristina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.
    Correlations Between Dual-Task Performance and Alzheimer’s Disease Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarkers2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 46. Bozkurt Åhman, H
    et al.
    Cedervall, Y
    Giedraitis, V
    Berglund, L
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Rosendahl, E
    Ingelsson, M
    Åberg, Anna Cristina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.
    Combining Two Dual-Task Tests to Discriminate Between People with Dementia Disorder, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Subjective Cognitive Impairment, and Healthy Controls2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 47. Bozkurt Åhman, H
    et al.
    Giedraitis, V
    Cedervall, Y
    Berglund, L
    McKee, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Rosendahl, E
    Ingelsson, M
    Åberg, Anna Cristina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.
    Correlations Between Dual-Task Performance and Alzheimer’s Disease Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarkers2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 48. Burholt, Vanessa
    et al.
    Winter, Bethan
    Aartsen, Marja
    Constantinou, Costas
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    de Jong Gierveld, Jenny
    van Regenmortel, Sophie
    Waldegrave, Charles
    An evidence review of exclusion from social relations: From genes to the environment2017Report (Other academic)
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  • 49. Burholt, Vanessa
    et al.
    Winter, Bethan
    Aartsen, Marja
    Constantinou, Costas
    Dahlberg, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work. Karolinska institutet.
    Feliciano, Villar
    De Jong Gierveld, Jenny
    Van Regenmortel, Sofie
    Waldegrave, Charles
    A critical review and development of a conceptual model of exclusion from social relations for older people2020In: European Journal of Ageing, ISSN 1613-9372, E-ISSN 1613-9380, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 3-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social exclusion is complex and dynamic, and it leads to the non-realization of social, economic, political or cultural rights or participation within a society. This critical review takes stock of the literature on exclusion of social relations. Social relations are defined as comprising social resources, social connections and social networks. An evidence review group undertook a critical review which integrates, interprets and synthesizes information across studies to develop a conceptual model of exclusion from social relations. The resulting model is a subjective interpretation of the literature and is intended to be the starting point for further evaluations. The conceptual model identifies individual risks for exclusion from social relations (personal attributes, biological and neurological risk, retirement, socio-economic status, exclusion from material resources and migration). It incorporates the evaluation of social relations, and the influence of psychosocial resources and socio-emotional processes, sociocultural, social-structural, environmental and policy contextual influences on exclusion from social relations. It includes distal outcomes of exclusion from social relations, that is, individual well-being, health and functioning, social opportunities and social cohesion. The dynamic relationships between elements of the model are also reported. We conclude that the model provides a subjective interpretation of the data and an excellent starting point for further phases of conceptual development and systematic evaluation(s). Future research needs to consider the use of sophisticated analytical tools and an interdisciplinary approach in order to understand the underlying biological and ecopsychosocial associations that contribute to individual and dynamic differences in the experience of exclusion from social relations.

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  • 50.
    Bäck, Cecilia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Ericson Lindmark, Leni
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    "Att peka med hela handen": En studie om omsorgspersonals upplevelser av makt och kommunikation.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a report of the National Board of health and welfare they statethat the chief's role in the health care profession, plays a major role in, among other things, their psychosocial work environment and that communication is carrying for the prerequisite to achieve this. In this paper a qualitative study has been made of how protective services workers feel that their work environment is affected by the power situation in relation to the head. This data has been analyzed based on theories of power, communication and sense of context (SOC). The results show that informants feel that the manager's way of communicating is important partly for sense of context (SOC) of their work, but also that it is dependent on communication for power visible or not.

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