Digitala Vetenskapliga Arkivet

Change search
Refine search result
123456 1 - 50 of 267
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Aalto, Aino-Maija
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Mörk, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Sjögren, Anna
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Svaleryd, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Childcare - A safety net for children? 2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyze how access to childcare affects health outcomes of children with unemployed parents using a reform that increased childcare access in some Swedish municipalities. For 4–5 year olds, we find an immediate increase in infection-related hospitalization, when these children first get access to childcare. We find no effect on younger children. When children are 10–11 years of age, children who did not have access to childcare when parents were unemployed are more likely to take medication for respiratory conditions. Taken together, our results thus suggest that access to childcare exposes children to risks for infections, but that need for medication in school age is lower for children who had access.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 2.
    Adermon, Adrian
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Hensvik, Lena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Gig-jobs: Stepping stones or dead ends?2022In: Labour Economics, ISSN 0927-5371, E-ISSN 1879-1034, Vol. 76, article id 102171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How useful is work experience from the gig economy for labor market entrants searching for traditional wage jobs? We conducted a correspondence study in Sweden, comparing callback rates for recent high school graduates with (i) gig-experience, (ii) traditional experience, and (iii) unemployment history. We also study heterogeneous responses with respect to perceived foreign background. Our findings suggest that gig-experience is more valuable than unemployment, but less useful than traditional experience for majority applicants. Strikingly however, no form of labor market experience increases the callback rate for minority workers.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Adermon, Adrian
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Labor Studies (UCLS).
    Lindahl, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Labor Studies (UCLS). Univ Gothenburg, Dept Econ, Gothenburg, Sweden; CESifo, Munich, Germany; IZA, Bonn, Germany.
    Palme, Mårten
    CESifo, Munich, Germany; IZA, Bonn, Germany; Stockholm Univ, Dept Econ, Stockholm, Sweden; IFS, London, England.
    Dynastic Human Capital, Inequality, and Intergenerational Mobility2021In: The American Economic Review, ISSN 0002-8282, E-ISSN 1944-7981, Vol. 111, no 5, p. 1523-1548Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We estimate long-run intergenerational persistence in human capital using information on outcomes for the extended family: the dynasty. A dataset including the entire Swedish population, linking four generations, allows us to identify parents' siblings and cousins, their spouses, and spouses' siblings. Using various human capital measures, we show that traditional parent-child estimates underestimate long-run intergenerational persistence by at least one-third. By adding outcomes for more distant ancestors, we show that almost all of the persistence is captured by the parental generation. Data on adoptees show that at least one-third of -long-term persistence is attributed to environmental factors.

  • 4.
    Adermon, Adrian
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Lindahl, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Waldenström, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Intergenerational Wealth Mobility and the Role of Inheritance: Evidence from Multiple Generations2018In: Economic Journal, ISSN 0013-0133, E-ISSN 1468-0297, Vol. 128, no 612, p. F482-F513Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study estimates intergenerational wealth correlations across up to four generations and examines the degree to which the wealth association between parents and children can be explained by inheritances. Using a Swedish data set with newly hand-collected data on wealth and bequests, we find parent-child rank correlations of 0.3-0.4 and grandparent-grandchild rank correlations of 0.1-0.2. Bequests and gifts appear to be central in this process, accounting for at least half of the parent-child wealth correlation while earnings and education can account for only a quarter.

  • 5.
    Aldén, Lina
    et al.
    Linnaeus Univ, Dept Econ & Stat, Växjö, Sweden.
    Bastani, Spencer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Labor Studies (UCLS). Res Inst Ind Econ IFN, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus Univ, Dept Econ & Stat, Växjö, Sweden; Res Inst Ind Econ IFN, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ethnic Background and the Value of Self-Employment Experience: Evidence from a Randomized Field Experiment2021In: Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, ISSN 0305-9049, E-ISSN 1468-0084, Vol. 83, no 6, p. 1287-1310Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We use a randomized field experiment in Sweden to investigate how self-employment experience is valued in the labour market. Our results show that self-employment experience negatively impacts the likelihood of receiving a positive response from employers. For male applicants, this holds regardless of ethnic background, and independently of whether we consider applicants with experience solely from self-employment, or applicants with combined experience from wage employment and self-employment. For female applicants, the results are less clear-cut. Our findings provide input into the discussion about the impact of self-employment on the chances for individuals with different ethnic background to obtain wage employment.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 6.
    Aldén, Lina
    et al.
    Linnaeus Univ, Dept Econ & Stat, Växjö, Sweden..
    Bastani, Spencer
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Res Inst Ind Econ IFN, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus Univ, Dept Econ & Stat, Växjö, Sweden.;Res Inst Ind Econ IFN, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Miao, Chizheng
    Linnaeus Univ, Dept Econ & Stat, Växjö, Sweden..
    Immigrant-native differences in long-term self-employment2022In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 58, no 3, p. 1661-1697Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study immigrant-native differences in long-term self-employment in Sweden combining population-wide register data and a unique survey targeting a large representative sample of the total population of long-term self-employment. Using the registers, we analyze the evolution of labor and capital incomes during the first 10 years following self-employment entry. We find that immigrant-native differences in labor income become smaller, whereas immigrant-native differences in capital income grow stronger, over the course of self-employment. These findings are robust to controlling for factors such as organizational form and type of industry. We use the survey data to gain further insights into immigrant-native differences among the long-term self-employed, and show that immigrant self-employed experience more problems and earn less, but work harder than native self-employed. They also have a less personal relation to their customers, do not enjoy their work as much as natives, and appear to have different perspectives on self-employment in general.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 7.
    Alessie, Rob J. M.
    et al.
    Univ Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands;Netspar, Tilburg, Netherlands.
    Angelini, Viola
    Univ Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands;Netspar, Tilburg, Netherlands.
    van den Berg, Gerard J.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Univ Bristol, Bristol, Avon, England;IZA, Bonn, Germany.
    Mierau, Jochen O.
    Univ Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands;Netspar, Tilburg, Netherlands.
    Viluma, Laura
    Univ Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Economic conditions at birth and cardiovascular disease risk in adulthood: Evidence from post-1950 cohorts2019In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 224, p. 77-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Much of the literature that studies long-run effects of early-life economic conditions on health outcomes is based on pre-1940 birth cohorts. Early in these individuals' lives, public social safety nets were at best rudimentary, and female labor force participation was relatively low. We complement the evidence by studying the effects of regional business cycle variations in the post-1950 Netherlands on cardiovascular disease risk in adulthood. We use data from Lifelines, a large cohort study that covers socio-economic, biological and health information from over 75,000 individuals aged between 20 and 63. Cardiovascular risk index is constructed from an extensive set of biomarkers. The results show that for women a 1 percentage point increase in the provincial unemployment level leads to a 0.02 percentage point increase in the risk of a fatal cardiovascular event in the coming 10 years while the effect in men is not significant. We conclude that women born in adverse economic conditions experience higher cardiovascular risk.

  • 8.
    Andersson, Christian
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Johansson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Social stratification and out-of-school learning2013In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), ISSN 0964-1998, E-ISSN 1467-985X, Vol. 176, no 3, p. 679-701Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To study the effects of out-of-school learning we use data on children who stayed in boarding houses while attending public elementary schools in Sweden in the 1940s. The out-of-school environment at the boarding houses could be considered as being more conducive to learning than the home environment: the pupils at the boarding houses had daily scheduled time for doing their homework with the assistance of a junior school teacher and, in addition, they had access to a small library. The placement at boarding houses was based on the distance from their place of residence to the nearest school and thus had no direct connection to the pupils' skills, which simplifies the empirical analysis based on register data. We find that the more conducive learning environment equalized skills at school leaving age, and the effect was greater for children with poor initial ability.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Elvira
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Dept Econ, S-22007 Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Ctr Econ Demog, S-22007 Lund, Sweden..
    Lundborg, Petter
    Lund Univ, Dept Econ, S-22007 Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Ctr Econ Demog, S-22007 Lund, Sweden.;IZA, Dresden, Germany..
    Vikström, Johan
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Income receipt and mortality: Evidence from Swedish public sector employees2015In: Journal of Public Economics, ISSN 0047-2727, E-ISSN 1879-2316, Vol. 131, p. 21-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we study the short-run effect of salary receipt on mortality among Swedish public sector employees. By exploiting variation in paydays across work-places, we completely control for mortality patterns related to, for example, public holidays and other special days or events coinciding with paydays and for general within-month and within-week mortality patterns. We find a dramatic increase in mortality on the day that salaries arrive. The increase is especially pronounced for younger workers and for deaths due to activity-related causes such as heart conditions and strokes. The effect is entirely driven by an increase in mortality among low income individuals, who are more likely to experience liquidity constraints. All things considered, our results suggest that an increase in general economic activity on salary receipt is an important cause of the excess mortality.

  • 10. Andersson, Tommy
    et al.
    Ellingsen, Tore
    Fredriksson, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Mörk, Eva
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Persson, Torsten
    Strömberg, Per
    Werner, Ingrid
    2020 års Ekonomipris till Paul Milgrom och Robert Wilson2020In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 48, no 8, p. 5-12Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kungl. Vetenskapsakademien har beslutat dela ut årets Ekonomipris till Paul Milgrom och Robert Wilson, båda från Stanford University, USA, för ”förbättringar av auktionsteorin och uppfinningar av nya auktionsformat”. Årets pristagare har i sin forskning sammanfört teori och praktik, till nytta för enskilda individer, företag och samhällen världen över.

  • 11.
    Angelov, Nikolay
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Swedish Natl Audit Off, SE-11490 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Eliason, Marcus
    Inst Evaluat Labour Market & Educ Policy IFAU, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Factors Associated with Occupational Disability Classification2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 37-49Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To provide disabled people with the same opportunities to participate in working life as everyone else, certain measures, such as wage subsidies, compensating for a reduced work capacity, might be necessary. To ascertain that these measures are limited to the most needy a system that identifies the target group is required. The Swedish Public Employment Service's (PES') classification of occupational disability constitutes such a system. In this study we document how jobseekers' demographic characteristics, socioeconomic position, and health-related conditions are associated with being classified as occupationally disabled by the PES, and how this classification might be distorted by unintended incentive mechanisms. Our empirical analyses show that both previous health conditions and previous socioeconomic disadvantages were associated with a higher likelihood of being classified as occupationally disabled. To what extent these jobseekers actually had impairments that entailed reduced work capacity cannot be concluded from the available data, but our results indicate that also the goals set by the government may have influenced how the PES classified jobseekers.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 12.
    Angelov, Nikolay
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Eliason, Marcus
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    The Differential Earnings and Income Effects of Involuntary Job Loss on Workers with Disabilities: Evidence from Sweden2016In: Labour, ISSN 1121-7081, E-ISSN 1467-9914, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 213-233Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    People with disabilities are consistently found to face considerable difficulties in the labour market. In this study we investigated whether their earnings and income trajectories are more adversely affected in case of involuntary job loss. Earnings of those with and without disabilities began to diverge already several years prior to job loss because of larger incidence of sickness. Following job loss much more job losers with disabilities became disability retirees resulting in a considerable and seemingly permanent earnings differential. However, larger uptake of public social insurances among job losers with disabilities resulted in a much smaller income differential.

  • 13.
    Angelov, Nikolay
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Eliason, Marcus
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Wage subsidies targeted to jobseekers with disabilities: subsequent employment and disability retirement2018In: IZA Journal of Labor Policy, E-ISSN 2193-9004, Vol. 7, article id UNSP 12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In many countries, a non-negligible percentage of the working-age population has impairments that also entail reduced work capacity, and disability retirement is increasing. Despite this, studies on the effects of policies aimed at enhancing the labour market inclusion among people with disabilities, such as targeted wage subsidies, are surprisingly few. In an attempt to fill this gap, we have studied how wage subsidies affect future labour market outcomes for jobseekers with disabilities, in terms of employment and disability retirement. By using inverse probability weighting applied to rich Swedish register data, we contrast participants in the wage subsidy program to observably similar non-participants during a 19-year period. We find that participation was associated with both positive and negative labour market outcomes. On the negative side, participants were less likely to have unsubsidised employment. On the positive side, leaving the labour market through the disability insurance program was somewhat less common among participants. Moreover, using a broader employment measure including subsidised jobs, the participants were found to be employed to a larger extent, which could be interpreted either as locking-in effects or as fostering labour market inclusion.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 14.
    Angelov, Nikolay
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Labor Studies (UCLS).
    Johansson, Per
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Labor Studies (UCLS).
    Lee, Myoung-jae
    Korea Univ, Seoul, South Korea.
    Practical causal analysis for the treatment timing effect on doubly censored duration: effect of fertility on work span2019In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), ISSN 0964-1998, E-ISSN 1467-985X, Vol. 182, no 4, p. 1561-1585Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a practical causal framework to estimate the effects of a treatment and its timing on a doubly censored response. We then apply the methodology to find the effect of fertility on work duration where, not just fertility itself, but the timing of fertility should matter greatly. Since fertility and its decision of timing are chosen by the individual, it is likely to be endogenous. We use a populationwide data set over mothers with two children to address the endogeneity issue by using the first two children's same-sex instrument in a 'control function' setting. We find that having a third child reduces the average labour market work duration, and that the magnitude of the effect increases monotonically with the waiting time between the second and third children. Moreover, the negative effect varies substantially over education and second-birth age, being stronger for mothers with higher education and lower second-birth age.

  • 15.
    Angelov, Nikolay
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics.
    Johansson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Lindahl, Erica
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Parenthood and the Gender Gap in Pay2016In: Journal of Labor Economics, ISSN 0734-306X, E-ISSN 1537-5307, ISSN ´, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 545-579Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We compare the income and wage trajectories of women to those of their male partners before and after parenthood. Focusing on the within-couple gap allows us to control for both observed and unobserved attributes of the spouse and to estimate both short-and long-term effects of entering parenthood. We find that 15 years after the first child has been born, the male-female gender gaps in income and wages have increased by 32 and 10 percentage points, respectively. In line with a collective labor supply model, the magnitude of these effects depends on counterfactual relative incomes or wages within the family.

  • 16.
    Angelov, Nikolay
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). UCLS, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Johansson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). IZA, Bonn, Germany.
    Lindahl, Erica
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Sick of family responsibilities?2020In: Empirical Economics, ISSN 0377-7332, E-ISSN 1435-8921, Vol. 58, no 2, p. 777-814Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study estimates the effect of parenthood on the within-couple gender gap in paidsick leave. We find that as a result of parenthood, mothers more than double their sick leave compared with fathers. However, there is no corresponding effect on health measured by hospital stays. We also find that mothers’ income trajectory is strongly related to the magnitude of the effect: A less favorable income trajectory is associated with a larger effect of parenthood on the sick leave gap. Since mothers’ labor supply is measured 1 year prior to sick leave, this result suggests that the lower labor supply induces an increase in sick leave rather than the other way round.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17. Ansala, Laura
    et al.
    Sarvimäki, Matti
    Åslund, Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Invandringshistoria och nyanländas etablering på arbetsmarknaden2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi studerar invandrades etablering på arbetsmarknaden, och om denna process är beroende av mottagarlandets invandringshistoria. Studien jämför Sverige och Finland, två länder med liknande arbetsmarknader och institutioner, men med mycket olika erfarenheter av invandring. Trots skillnaderna är likheterna i eta­bleringsprocessen slående. Nyanlända finner ofta sina första jobb i låglöne­företag där chefer och kollegor delar individens utländska bakgrund. Den tid det tar att få sitt första jobb och egenskaperna hos det första jobbet varierar kraftigt beroende på var i världen personen är född. Bakgrunden hos chefer och kollegor och inkomstnivåerna på den första arbetsplatsen förutsäger framtida syssel­sättning och inkomster. Mönstren är likartade i Sverige och Finland vilket kan tolkas som att etablering och segregation till stor del styrs av andra faktorer än invandringshistoria och mångfald i befolkningen.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 18.
    Ansala, Laura
    et al.
    Urban Research and Statistics Unit, City Executive Office, City of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Åslund, Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Sarvimäki, Matti
    Aalto University School of Business, VATT Institute for Economic Research; Helsinki Graduate School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
    Immigration history, entry jobs and the labor market integration of immigrants2022In: Journal of Economic Geography, ISSN 1468-2702, E-ISSN 1468-2710, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 581-604Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article studies the relationship between past immigration experiences of the host country and the way new immigrants enter the labor market. We focus on two countries — Finland and Sweden — that have similar formal institutions but starkly different immigration histories. In both countries, immigrants tend to find their first jobs in low-paying establishments, where the manager and colleagues share their ethnic background. The associations between background characteristics, time to a first job, other entry job characteristics, earnings dynamics, and job stability are also remarkably similar. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that the host country’s immigration history plays a limited role in shaping the integration process.

  • 19.
    Ansell, Christopher
    et al.
    University of California, Berkeley.
    Lundin, Martin
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    How Learning Aggregates: A Social Network Analysis of Learning between Swedish municipalities2017In: Local Government Studies, ISSN 0300-3930, E-ISSN 1743-9388, Vol. 43, no 7, p. 903-926Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a unique data set of learning among all 290 Swedish municipalities, we use social network analysis to analyze how learning networks aggregate nationally. To facilitate this analysis, we describe five ideal-typical patterns of aggregation—core-periphery, small world, top-down regionalism, bottom-up regionalism, and urban hierarchy. Each of these ideal types has important implications for how ideas, information, and innovation will circulate among municipalities. Social network analysis allows us to both isolate these patterns and to appreciate composite patterns. The analysis indicates that Swedish municipalities are a small world network with clear regional and hierarchical elements. County seats serve an important role as network hubs.

  • 20.
    Ansell, Christopher
    et al.
    University of California, Berkeley.
    Lundin, Martin
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Learning Networks Among Swedish Municipalities: Is Sweden a Small World?2017In: Knowledge and Networks / [ed] Johannes Glückler, Emmanuel Lazega & Ingmar Hammer, Springer International Publishing , 2017, p. 315-336Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Distributed, networked learning processes are widely touted as a basis for superior performance. Yet we know relatively little about how learning networks operate in the aggregate. We explore this issue by utilizing a unique data set on learning among Swedish municipalities. The data indicate that geographic proximity and county are the basic structuring properties of the global network. Municipalities learn from their near neighbors, especially from neighbors in the same county, and these two principles produce a high degree of local clustering in the municipal learning networks. At the same time, we also find evidence that Swedish municipalities are a small world linked together on a national basis. Two mechanisms knit the Swedish municipalities together. First, county seats serve as hubs that link local clusters together. Second, local clusters aggregate into regional clusters. Despite a high degree of local clustering, hubs and regions provide a structural basis for the national diffusion of policy ideas and practices among Swedish municipalities.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 21. Arni, Patrick
    et al.
    Lalive, Rafael
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Van Ours, Jan C.
    How effective are unemployment benefit sanctions?: looking beyond unemployment exit2013In: Journal of applied econometrics (Chichester, England), ISSN 0883-7252, E-ISSN 1099-1255, Vol. 28, no 7, p. 1153-1178Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides a comprehensive evaluation of the effects of benefit sanctions on post-unemployment outcomes such as post-unemployment employment stability and earnings. We use rich register data which allow us to distinguish between a warning that a benefit reduction may take place in the near future and the actual withdrawal of unemployment benefits. Adopting a multivariate mixed proportional hazard approach to address selectivity, we find that warnings do not affect subsequent employment stability but do reduce post-unemployment earnings. Actual benefit reductions lower the quality of post-unemployment jobs both in terms of job duration as well as in terms of earnings.

  • 22.
    Assadi, Anahita
    et al.
    Swedish Natl Agcy Educ, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lundin, Martin
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Street-level bureaucrats, rule-following and tenure: How assessment tools are used at the front line of the public sector2018In: Public Administration, ISSN 0033-3298, E-ISSN 1467-9299, Vol. 96, no 1, p. 154-170Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies on street-level bureaucracy examine actions of frontline workers within the public sector. In this literature, there is a lack of evidence on how job tenure affects how frontline workers respond to formal steering. We contribute to prior research by studying the nationwide introduction of an assessment support tool to be used by caseworkers to assess clients' needs under the Swedish active labour market policy. We examine the potential effects of tenure on how caseworkers use this tool. The empirical analysis is based on quantitative and qualitative data. We show that as tenure increases, street-level bureaucrats, especially male caseworkers, tend to act in accordance with policy signals to a lesser extent. The qualitative analysis shows that this pattern can partly be explained by the fact that increasing experience with meeting clients face to face increases caseworkers' perceived confidence and skills.

  • 23.
    Attanasio, Orazio
    et al.
    Yale Univ, Dept Econ, New Haven, CT 06520 USA.;Inst Fiscal Studies, London, England.;Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Act Lab J PAL, Cambridge, MA 02142 USA.;Natl Bur Econ Res, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA.;NHH Norwegian Sch Econ, FAIR Ctr Expt Res Fairness Inequal & Rat, Bergen, Norway..
    Cattan, Sarah
    Inst Fiscal Studies, London, England.;Inst Lab Econ IZA, Bonn, Germany..
    Meghir, Costas
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Yale Univ, Dept Econ, New Haven, CT 06520 USA.;Inst Fiscal Studies, London, England.;Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Act Lab J PAL, Cambridge, MA 02142 USA.;Natl Bur Econ Res, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA.;Inst Lab Econ IZA, Bonn, Germany.;Ctr Econ Policy Res, London, England..
    Early Childhood Development, Human Capital, and Poverty2022In: Annual Review of Economics, ISSN 1941-1383, E-ISSN 1941-1391, Vol. 14, p. 853-892Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children's experiences during early childhood are critical for their cognitive and socioemotional development, two key dimensions of human capital. However, children from low-income backgrounds often grow up lacking stimulation and basic investments, which leads to developmental deficits that are difficult, if not impossible, to reverse later in life without intervention. The existence of these deficits is a key driver of inequality and contributes to the intergenerational transmission of poverty. In this article, we discuss the framework used in economics to model parental investments and early childhood development and use it as an organizing tool to review some of the empirical evidence on early childhood research. We then present results from various important early childhood interventions, with an emphasis on developing countries. Bringing these elements together, we draw conclusions on what we have learned and provide some directions for future research.

  • 24.
    Avdic, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). CINCH, Essen, Germany.;Univ Duisburg Essen, Essen, Germany..
    Improving efficiency or impairing access? Health care consolidation and quality of care: Evidence from emergency hospital closures in Sweden2016In: Journal of Health Economics, ISSN 0167-6296, E-ISSN 1879-1646, Vol. 48, p. 44-60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent health care consolidation trends raise the important policy question whether improved emergency medical services and enhanced productivity can offset adverse quality effects from decreased access. This paper empirically analyzes how geographical distance from an emergency hospital affects the probability of surviving an acute myocardial infarction (AMI), accounting for health-based spatial sorting and data limitations on out-of-hospital mortality. Exploiting policy-induced variation in hospital distance derived from emergency hospital closures and detailed Swedish mortality data over two decades, results show a drastically decreasing probability of surviving an AMI as residential distance from a hospital increases one year after a closure occurred. The effect disappears in subsequent years, however, suggesting that involved agents quickly adapted to the new environment.

  • 25.
    Avdic, Daniel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). CINCH, Essen, Germany.; Univ Duisburg Essen, Duisburg, Germany..
    Johansson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). UCLS, Uppsala, Sweden.; IZA, Bonn, Germany..
    Absenteeism, Gender and the Morbidity–Mortality Paradox2017In: Journal of applied econometrics (Chichester, England), ISSN 0883-7252, E-ISSN 1099-1255, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 440-462Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Women are, on average, more often absent from work for health reasons than men, but live longer. This conflicting pattern suggests that the gender absenteeism gap arises partly from factors unrelated to objective health. An overlooked explanation is that men and women might have different preferences for absenteeism due to different attitudes to, for example, risk. Using detailed administrative data on absenteeism, hospitalizations, and mortality, we evaluate the existence of gender-specific preferences for absenteeism and analyze whether these differences are socially determined. We find robust evidence of gender differences in absenteeism that cannot be explained by poorer objective health among women.

  • 26.
    Avdic, Daniel
    et al.
    Deakin Univ, Dept Econ, Geelong, Australia..
    Lundborg, Petter
    Lund Univ, Dept Econ, SE-22363 Lund, Sweden..
    Vikström, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Labor Studies (UCLS). Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Does Health-Care Consolidation Harm Patients?: Evidence from Maternity Ward Closures2024In: American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, ISSN 1945-7731, E-ISSN 1945-774X, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 160-189Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study how closures of maternity wards affect maternal and neonatal health. Using data on all hospital births in Sweden between 1990 and 2004, we compare changes in birth -related outcomes across hospital catchment areas that were differently exposed to ward closures. Our findings show that the closures increased maternal obstetric trauma but also decreased fetal stress and infant trauma among newborns. Adverse maternal outcomes are mainly driven by ward overcrowding, whereas increases in travel distance have no distinguishable effects. Positive effects on infant health reflect a shift of births from smaller to larger wards of higher quality.

  • 27.
    Avdic, Daniel
    et al.
    Univ Duisburg Essen, Duisburg, Germany;CINCH Essen, Essen, Germany.
    Lundborg, Petter
    Lund Univ, Dept Econ, Lund, Sweden;IZA Bonn, Bonn, Germany.
    Vikström, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Estimating returns to hospital volume: Evidence from advanced cancer surgery2019In: Journal of Health Economics, ISSN 0167-6296, E-ISSN 1879-1646, Vol. 63, p. 81-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    High-volume hospitals typically perform better than low-volume hospitals. In this paper, we study whether such patterns reflect a causal effect of case volume on patient outcomes. To this end, we exploit closures and openings of entire cancer clinics in Swedish hospitals which provides sharp and arguably exogenous variation in case volumes. Using detailed register data on more than 100,000 treatment episodes of advanced cancer surgery, our results suggest substantial positive effects of operation volume on survival. Complementary analyses point to learning-by-doing as an important explanation. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 28.
    Avdic, Daniel
    et al.
    Deakin Univ, Dept Econ, 70 Elgar Rd, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia..
    von Hinke, Stephanie
    Univ Bristol, Sch Econ, Bristol, England.;IFS, Staines, England..
    Lagerqvist, Bo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, research centers etc., Uppsala Clinical Research Center (UCR).
    Propper, Carol
    IFS, Staines, England.;Imperial Coll Business Sch, Imperial Coll London, London, England.;Monash Univ, Melbourne, Australia.;CEPR, London, England..
    Vikström, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Do responses to news matter?: Evidence from interventional cardiology2024In: Journal of Health Economics, ISSN 0167-6296, E-ISSN 1879-1646, Vol. 94, article id 102846Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine physician responses to a global information shock and how these impact their patients. We exploit international news over the safety of an innovation in healthcare, the drugeluting stent. We use data on interventional cardiologists' use of stents to define and measure cardiologists' responsiveness to the initial positive news and link this to their patients' outcomes. We find substantial heterogeneity in responsiveness to news. Patients treated by cardiologists who respond slowly to the initial positive news have fewer adverse outcomes. This is not due to patient-physician sorting. Instead, our results suggest that the differences are partially driven by slow responders being better at deciding when (not) to use the new technology, which in turn affects their patient outcomes.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 29.
    Ba, Bocar A.
    et al.
    Univ Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 USA..
    Ham, John C.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Natl Univ Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.;Univ Wisconsin, IRP, Madison, WI USA.;IZA, Bonn, Germany..
    LaLonde, Robert J.
    Univ Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 USA.;IZA, Bonn, Germany..
    Li, Xianghong
    York Univ, N York, ON, Canada..
    Estimating (Easily Interpreted) Dynamic Training Effects from Experimental Data2017In: Journal of Labor Economics, ISSN 0734-306X, E-ISSN 1537-5307, Vol. 35, p. S149-S200Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We estimate the effect of endogenous training participation on transitions in and out of employment for disadvantaged women in the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) study. Decomposing the effect of training on employment into its effects on transitions in and out of employment has the potential to develop more effective programs. We also consider a potentially serious identification problem that arises when individuals do not undertake training immediately, and we propose a test to shed light on this problem. We find that this problem is not important in our context. JTPA classroom training substantially reduced unemployment durations, and thus it complements programs that increase employment durations.

  • 30.
    Bastani, Spencer
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Linnaeus Univ, Dept Econ & Stat, Växjö, Sweden.;CESifo, Munich, Germany..
    Blomquist, Sören
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies. CESifo, Munich, Germany..
    Micheletto, Luca
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies. Univ Milan, Dept Law C Beccaria, Milan, Italy.;Bocconi Univ, Dondena Ctr Res Social Dynam, Milan, Italy..
    Pareto efficient income taxation without single-crossing2020In: Social Choice and Welfare, ISSN 0176-1714, E-ISSN 1432-217X, Vol. 55, no 3, p. 547-594Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We provide a full characterization of a two-type optimal nonlinear income tax model where the single-crossing condition is violated due to an assumption that agents differ both in terms of market abilities and in terms of their needs for a work-related good. We set up a Pareto-efficient tax problem and analyze the entire second-best Pareto-frontier, highlighting several non-standard results, such as the possibility of income re-ranking relative to the laissez-faire and gaps in the Pareto-frontier.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 31.
    Bastani, Spencer
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Labor Studies (UCLS). Res Inst Ind Econ IFN, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Gahvari, Firouz
    Univ Illinois, Dept Econ, Champaign, IL USA..
    Micheletto, Luca
    Univ Milan, Dept Law, Milan, Italy.;Bocconi Univ, Dondena Ctr Res Social Dynam & Publ Policy, Milan, Italy..
    Nonlinear taxation of income and education in the presence of income-misreporting2023In: Journal of Public Economic Theory, ISSN 1097-3923, E-ISSN 1467-9779, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 679-726Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the joint design of nonlinear income and education taxes when the government pursues redistributive objectives. A key feature of our setup is that the ability type of an agent can affect both the costs and benefits of acquiring education. Market remuneration of agents depends on both their innate ability type and their educational choices. Our focus is on the properties of constrained efficient allocations when educational choices are publicly observable at the individual level, but earned income is subject to misreporting. We find that income-misreporting (IM) affects the optimal distortions on income and education and shed light on the reasons for it and mechanisms through which it is done. We show how and why IM strengthens the case for downward distorting the educational choices of low-ability agents. Finally, we find that IM provides another mechanism that makes commodity taxation useful.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Bastani, Spencer
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Labor Studies (UCLS). Res Inst Ind Econ IFN, Stockholm, Sweden; CESifo, Munich, Germany.
    Giebe, Thomas
    Linnaeus Univ, Sch Business & Econ, Dept Econ & Stat, Växjö, Sweden..
    Gürtler, Oliver
    Univ Cologne, Dept Econ, Cologne, Germany..
    Simple equilibria in general contests2022In: Games and Economic Behavior, ISSN 0899-8256, E-ISSN 1090-2473, Vol. 134, p. 264-280Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We show how symmetric equilibria emerge in general two-player contests in which skill and effort are combined to produce output according to a general production technology and players have skills drawn from different distributions. The model includes the Tullock (1980) and Lazear and Rosen (1981) models as special cases. Our paper provides intuition regarding how the contest components interact to determine the incentive to exert effort and sheds new light on classic comparative statics results. In particular, we show that more heterogeneity can increase equilibrium effort.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 33.
    Bastani, Spencer
    et al.
    Linnaeus Univ, SE-35106 Växjö, Sweden.
    Moberg, Ylva
    Stockholm Univ, Swedish Inst Social Res, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Selin, Håkan
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    The Anatomy of the Extensive Margin Labor Supply Response2021In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 123, no 1, p. 33-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We estimate how labor force participation among married women in Sweden responded to changing work incentives implied by a reform in the tax and transfer system in 1997. Using rich, population-wide, administrative data, we estimate an average participation elasticity of 0.13, thereby adding to the scarce literature estimating participation elasticities using quasi-experimental methods. We also highlight that estimated extensive margin responses necessarily are local to the observed equilibrium. Among low-income earners, elasticities are twice as large in the group with the lowest employment level, compared with the group with the highest employment level.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 34.
    Bastani, Spencer
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Selin, Håkan
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Bunching and non-bunching at kink points of the Swedish tax schedule2014In: Journal of Public Economics, ISSN 0047-2727, E-ISSN 1879-2316, Vol. 109, p. 36-49Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent microeconometric studies of taxpayers' responsiveness to taxation have shown that intensive margin labor supply and earnings elasticities typically are modest and sometimes equal to zero. A common view is that long-run responses still might be large if micro-estimates are downward biased owing to optimization frictions. In this paperwe estimate the taxable income elasticity at a very large kink point of the Swedish tax schedule using the bunching method. During the period of study the change in the log net-of-tax rate reached a maximum value of 45.6%. Interestingly, we obtain a precise elasticity estimate of zero for wage earners at this large kink. We also conclude by the means of numerical simulations that, even though the kink point we study is very large, income effects are unlikely to bias our estimates. The size of the kink allows us to derive tighter bounds on the long-run elasticity than previous studies. Ifwage earners on average tolerate 1% of their disposable income in optimization costs, the upper bound on the long-run compensated taxable income elasticity is 0.39.

  • 35.
    Bennmarker, Helge
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Grönqvist, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Öcert, Björn
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Effects of contracting out employment services: Evidence from a randomized experiment2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In many countries welfare services that traditionally have been provided by the public sector are being contracted out to private providers. But are private contractors better at providing these services? We use a randomized experiment to empirically assess the effectiveness of contracting out employment services to private placement agencies. Our results show that unemployed at private placement agencies have a closer interaction with their case worker than unemployed at the Public Employment Service (PES); e.g., they receive more assistance in improving their job search technology. We do not find any overall difference in the chances of finding employment between private placement agencies and the PES, but this hides important heterogeneities across different types of unemployed. In particular, private providers are better at providing employment services to immigrants, whereas they may be worse for adolescents. Any effects tend to fade away over time.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 36.
    Bennmarker, Helge
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Grönqvist, Erik
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Öckert, Björn
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Effects of contracting out employment services: Evidence from a randomized experiment2013In: Journal of Public Economics, ISSN 0047-2727, E-ISSN 1879-2316, Vol. 98, p. 68-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In many countries welfare services that traditionally have been provided by the public sector are being contracted out to private providers. But are private contractors better at providing these services? We use a randomized experiment to empirically assess the effectiveness of contracting out employment services to private placement agencies. Our results show that unemployed at private placement agencies have a closer interaction with their case worker than unemployed at the Public Employment Service (PES); e.g., they receive more assistance in improving their job search technology. We do not find any overall difference in the chances of finding employment between private placement agencies and the PES, but this hides important heterogeneities across different types of unemployed. In particular, private providers are better at providing employment services to immigrants, whereas they may be worse for adolescents. Any effects tend to fade away over time. 

  • 37.
    Bennmarker, Helge
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Skans, Oskar Nordström
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Vikman, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Workfare for the old and long-term unemployed2013In: Labour Economics, ISSN 0927-5371, E-ISSN 1879-1034, Vol. 25, p. 25-34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We estimate the effects of conditioning benefits on program participation among older long-term unemployed workers. We exploit a Swedish reform which reduced UI duration from 90 to 60 weeks for a group of older unemployed workers in a setting where workers who exhausted their benefits received unchanged transfers if they agreed to participate in a work practice program. Our results show that job finding increased as a result of the shorter duration of passive benefits. The time profile of the job-finding effects suggests that the results are due to deterrence during the program-entry phase. We find no impact on ensuing job durations or wages, suggesting that the increased job-finding rate was driven by increased search intensity rather than lower reservation wages. A crude cost-benefit analysis suggests that the reform reduced the combined cost of programs and transfers.

  • 38.
    Bergman, Mats A.
    et al.
    Sodertorn Univ, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Johansson, Per
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Lundberg, Sofia
    Umea Univ, Umea Sch Business & Econ, Dept Econ, S-90187 Umea, Sweden..
    Spagnolo, Giancarlo
    Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Ctr Econ Policy Res, EIEF, Stockholm Sch Econ SITE, Rome, Italy..
    Privatization and quality: Evidence from elderly care in Sweden2016In: Journal of Health Economics, ISSN 0167-6296, E-ISSN 1879-1646, Vol. 49, p. 109-119Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Non-contractible quality dimensions are at risk of degradation when the provision of public services is privatized. However, privatization may increase quality by fostering performance-improving innovation, particularly if combined with increased competition. We assemble a large data set on elderly care services in Sweden between 1990 and 2009 and estimate how opening to private provision affected mortality rates - an important and not easily contractible quality dimension - using a difference-in-difference in-difference approach. The results indicate that privatization and the associated increase in competition significantly improved non-contractible quality as measured by mortality rates.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 39.
    Bertheau, Antoine
    et al.
    Norwegian Sch Econ, Bergen, Norway..
    Maria Acabbi, Edoardo
    Univ Carlos III Madrid, Madrid, Spain..
    Barcelo, Cristina
    Banco Espana, Madrid, Spain..
    Gulyas, Andreas
    Univ Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany..
    Lombardi, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Labor Studies (UCLS). VATT Inst Econ Res Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.;IZA, Bonn, Germany..
    Saggio, Raffaele
    Univ British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.;NBER, Cambridge, MA USA..
    The Unequal Consequences of Job Loss across Countries2023In: American Economic Review: Insights, ISSN 2640-205X, E-ISSN 2640-2068, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 393-408Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We document the consequences of losing a job across countries using a harmonized research design applied to seven matched employer-employee datasets. Workers in Denmark and Sweden expe-rience the lowest earnings declines following job displacement, while workers in Italy, Spain, and Portugal experience losses three times as high. French and Austrian workers face earnings losses some-where in between. Key to these differences is that southern European workers are less likely to find employment following displacement. Loss of employer-specific wage premiums explains a substantial portion of wage losses in all countries.

  • 40.
    Björkegren, Evelina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Labor Studies (UCLS).
    Grönqvist, Erik
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Svaleryd, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Öckert, Björn
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Är det bättre att vara storasyskon?2018In: Ekonomisk Debatt, Vol. 46, no 5, p. 38-50Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det hävdas ofta att storasyskon skulle vara mer ansvarsfyllda, eller att småsyskon skulle vara mer kreativa. Hur man påverkas av platsen i syskonskaran har också gett upphov till en omfattande forskningslitteratur. En stor del av forskningen präglas emellertid av små urval och otillräcklig information om familjen. I den här artikeln presenteras resultaten från våra egna studier av syskonordningens betydelse för individers hälsa och personlighet. Vi diskuterar även möjliga mekanismer bakom syskonordningseffekter och vilka data som krävs för att kunna fastställa trovärdiga orsakssamband. 

  • 41.
    Björklund, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Stockholm Univ, Swedish Inst Social Res, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Jantti, Markus
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Stockholm Univ, Swedish Inst Social Res, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Nybom, Martin
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Stockholm Univ, Swedish Inst Social Res, Stockholm, Sweden. .
    The contribution of early-life versus labour market factors to intergenerational income persistence: A comparison of the UK and Sweden2017In: Economic Journal, ISSN 0013-0133, E-ISSN 1468-0297, Vol. 127, no 605, p. F71-F94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We explore whether differences in intergenerational income mobility between the UK and Sweden show up early in life, finding stronger associations between parental income and birthweight, height and school performance in the UK. We investigate whether these differentials can account for the country difference in income mobility. While differences in the associations in birthweight and height are too weak to matter, school performance does account for a substantial part of this difference. However, country differences in the earnings returns to these skills are at least as important as the differences in the link between parental income and skills.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 42.
    Blind, Ina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Dahlberg, Matz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Åslund, Olof
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Som på räls? Förbättrade pendlingsmöjligheter och individens arbetsmarknad2015Report (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Bratu, Cristina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies. Aalto Univ, Dept Econ, Helsinki, Finland.
    Dahlberg, Matz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies. Econ Studies CESifo, Munich, Germany.;Inst Econ Barcelona IEB, Barcelona, Spain.;VATT Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland..
    Engdahl, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Nikolka, Till
    Ctr Econ Studies CESifo, Munich, Germany.;German Youth Inst DJI, Munich, Germany..
    Spillover effects of stricter immigration policies2020In: Journal of Public Economics, ISSN 0047-2727, E-ISSN 1879-2316, Vol. 190, article id 104239Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We provide evidence for the existence of spillover effects of national immigration policies by estimating the effect of stricter family reunification rules in Denmark on migration behavior. We reach three main conclusions. Using Danish register data, we first show that stricter rules for reunification led to a clear and significant increase in emigration of Danish citizens with immigrant background. Most of the emigrants left Denmark for Sweden, a neighboring country in which reunification was possible. Next, using Swedish register data, we find that affected individuals emigrating to Sweden actually came for family formation purposes. Finally, we demonstrate that not all individuals that came to Sweden to reunite with a partner stayed in the country; of those leaving, return migration to Denmark was most common. Our results indicate that potential spillover effects from national migration policies should be taken into account when forming migration policy. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 44.
    Bratu, Cristina
    et al.
    Aalto-universitetet i Helsingfors.
    Dahlberg, Matz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Nikolka, Till
    Deutsches Jugendinstitut, DJI.
    SNS Analys 86. Spridningseffekter av striktare invandringspolitik2022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En striktare nationell migrationspolitik kan leda om migrationsströmmarna till länder med mer generösa regler. I denna rapport visar vipå förekomsten av sådana spridningseffekter genom att analysera hurstriktare regler för familjeåterförening i Danmark påverkar migrations-beteendet. Vi visar att skärpta regler för återförening ledde till en ökademigration till Sverige av danska invånare som påverkades av reformenoch att de faktiskt flyttade av skäl kopplade till familjeåterförening. Allastannade inte permanent i Sverige och en majoritet av de som senareemigrerade från Sverige återvände till Danmark. Våra resultat tyder påatt potentiella spridningseffekter av nationell migrationspolitik kan varabetydande och bör beaktas av beslutsfattare, särskilt i ett integreratekonomiskt område som Europeiska unionen. Annars kommersannolikt en »kapplöpning mot botten« (»race to the bottom«) iutformningen av migrationspolitiken att förverkligas.

  • 45.
    Bratu, Cristina
    et al.
    Aalto-universitetet.
    Lombardi, Stefano
    Statens ekonomiska forskningscentral VATT, Helsingfors.
    Thoresson, Anna
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Åslund, Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Företagens produktivitet och inkomstskillnader mellan invandrade och infödda2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten studerar hur produktivitet på företagsnivå är kopplad till inkomstskillnader mellan utrikes och inrikes födda. Analysen bygger på registerdata för perioden 1998–2017. Vi finner att individens inkomst är tydligt kopplad till före-tagets varaktiga produktivitet, ett samband som är ännu starkare bland utrikes födda. Men invandrade arbetstagare är underrepresenterade i högproduktiva företag och har lägre sannolikhet än infödda att röra sig mot mer produktiva arbetsgivare. Denna koncentration till lågproduktiva företag är störst i grupper med svag ställning på arbetsmarknaden som skulle ha mest att vinna på att arbeta i högproduktiva företag.

  • 46.
    Brodd, Katarina Strand
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
    Grönqvist, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Holmström, Gerd
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Ophthalmology.
    Grönqvist, Erik
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Rosander, Kerstin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ewald, Uwe
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
    Development of Smooth Pursuit Eye Movements in very preterm born infants: 3. Association to perinatal risk factors2012In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 101, no 2, p. 164-171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:  To investigate the association between perinatal risk factors and neonatal complications and early oculo-motor development in very preterm infants.

    Methods:  Perinatal risk factors were identified, and the potential association with early oculo-motor development was evaluated by measuring smooth pursuit eye movements (SP) at 2 and 4 months' corrected age (CA) in a population of very preterm infants born in Uppsala County 2004-2007 (n = 113).

    Results:  Among the 15 tested factors, eight showed significant association in univariate analysis with lower levels of SP at 4 months' CA, namely administration of prenatal corticosteroids, gestational age, birthweight, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, retinopathy of prematurity, periventricular leukomalacia, intraventricular haemorrhage >grade 2, and persistent ductus arteriosus. At 2 months' CA, only retinopathy of prematurity >stage 2 was associated with lower levels of SP. When all factors significant in the univariate tests were included in multiple regressions aimed to assess each factor's independent relation to SP, periventricular leukomalacia was the only significant independent factor. When adding 2-5 of the significant factors using multiple regression analysis, the levels of SP became lower.

    Conclusion:  Perinatal risk factors were associated with lower levels of SP. This could be interpreted as delayed or disturbed development of normal oculomotor ability.

  • 47.
    Bucher-Koenen, Tabea
    et al.
    Univ Mannheim, ZEW Leibniz Ctr European Econ Res, L7,1, D-68161 Mannheim, Germany.;MEA, L7,1, D-68161 Mannheim, Germany..
    Farbmacher, Helmut
    Max Planck Gesell, Munich Ctr Econ Aging MEA, Amalienstr 33, D-80799 Munich, Germany..
    Guber, Raphael
    Max Planck Gesell, Munich Ctr Econ Aging MEA, Amalienstr 33, D-80799 Munich, Germany..
    Vikström, Johan
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Double Trouble: The Burden of Child-rearing and Working on Maternal Mortality2020In: Demography, ISSN 0070-3370, E-ISSN 1533-7790, Vol. 57, no 2, p. 559-576Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We document increased old-age mortality rates among Swedish mothers of twins compared with mothers of singletons, using administrative data on mortality for 1990-2010. We argue that twins are an unplanned shock to fertility in the cohorts of older women considered. Deaths due to lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and heart attacks-all of which are associated with stress during the life course-are significantly increased. Stratifying the sample by education and pension income shows the highest increase in mortality rates among highly educated mothers and those with above-median pension income. These results are consistent with the existence of a double burden on mothers' health resulting from simultaneously child-rearing and working.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 48.
    Böhlmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, SOFI, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Grönqvist, Erik
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Vlachos, Jonas
    Stockholm Univ, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Res Inst Ind Econ IFN, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    The Headmaster Ritual: The Importance of Management for School Outcomes2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 118, no 4, p. 912-940Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We estimate the impact of individual principals on school outcomes by using panel data that allow us to track principals over time. We find that individual principals have a substantive impact on school policies, working conditions, and student outcomes. In particular, students who attend a school that has a one standard deviation better principal improve their achievement by between 0.05 and 0.1 standard deviations. Despite rich background information on principals, it is difficult to characterize successful management, suggesting that innate skills are central. We find that the scope for discretion is larger among voucher schools and in areas with school competition.

  • 49.
    Böhlmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Swedish Inst Social Res, IFAU, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Swedish Inst Social Res, CREAM, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Holmlund, Helena
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Lindahl, Mikael
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Econ, CESifo, IFAU,IZA, POB 640, S-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden.;Univ Gothenburg, UCLS, POB 640, S-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Parental choice, neighbourhood segregation or cream skimming?: An analysis of school segregation after a generalized choice reform2016In: Journal of Population Economics, ISSN 0933-1433, E-ISSN 1432-1475, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 1155-1190Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the evolution of school segregation in Sweden in the aftermath of the 1992 universal voucher reform, which spurred the establishment of new independent schools and introduced parental choice. We assess the relative importance of neighbourhood segregation, parental choice and the location of independent schools for school segregation. In particular, we exploit variation in school choice opportunities across municipalities and provide descriptive evidence that in regions where school choice has become more prevalent, school segregation between immigrants and natives, and between children of high/low educated parents, has increased more than in regions where choice is limited. This result also holds when we account for residential segregation and focus on excess segregation over and above the segregation that would occur if all pupils attended their assigned schools. We find that the increase in school segregation 15 years after the reform that can be attributed to choice is relatively small.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 50. Böhlmark, Anders
    et al.
    Lindahl, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU).
    Independent Schools and Long-Run Educational Outcomes: Evidence from Sweden’s Large Scale Voucher Reform2015In: Economica, ISSN 0013-0427, E-ISSN 1468-0335, Vol. 82, no 327, p. 508-551Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We estimate effects on educational outcomes from the expansion of the independent school sector in Sweden, which followed as a consequence of the radical 1992 voucher reform. Using variation in this expansion across municipalities, we find that an increase in the share of independent school students improves average short- and long-run outcomes, explained primarily by external effects (e.g. school competition). For most outcomes, we observe significant effects first a decade after the reform. By using regional level TIMSS data, we can reconcile our results with the negative national trend for Swedish students in international achievement tests.

123456 1 - 50 of 267
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf