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  • 1.
    Abouzayed, Ayman
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics.
    Yim, Cheng-Bin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics.
    Mitran, Bogdan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics.
    Rinne, Sara S.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics.
    Tolmachev, Vladimir
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medical Radiation Science.
    Larhed, Mats
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics.
    Rosenström, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Orlova, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Synthesis and Preclinical Evaluation of Radio-Iodinated GRPR/PSMA Bispecific Heterodimers for the Theranostics Application in Prostate Cancer2019In: Pharmaceutics, ISSN 1999-4923, E-ISSN 1999-4923, Vol. 11, no 7, article id 358Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPR) and prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) are overexpressed in most prostate cancers. GRPR expression is higher in early stages while PSMA expression increases with progression. The possibility of targeting both markers with a single theranostics radiotracer could improve patient management. Three GRPR/PSMA-targeting bispecific heterodimers (urea derivative PSMA-617 and bombesin-based antagonist RM26 linked via X-triazolyl-Tyr-PEG2, X = PEG2 (BO530), (CH2)(8) (BO535), none (BO536)) were synthesized by solid-phase peptide synthesis. Peptides were radio-iodinated and evaluated in vitro for binding specificity, cellular retention, and affinity. In vivo specificity for all heterodimers was studied in PC-3 (GRPR-positive) and LNCaP (PSMA-positive) xenografts. [I-125]I-BO530 was evaluated in PC-3pip (GRPR/PSMA-positive) xenografts. Micro single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (microSPECT/CT) scans were acquired. The heterodimers were radiolabeled with high radiochemical yields, bound specifically to both targets, and demonstrated high degree of activity retention in PC-3pip cells. Only [I-125]I-BO530 demonstrated in vivo specificity to both targets. A biodistribution study of [I-125]I-BO530 in PC-3pip xenografted mice showed high tumor activity uptake (30%-35%ID/g at 3 h post injection (pi)). Activity uptake in tumors was stable and exceeded all other organs 24 h pi. Activity uptake decreased only two-fold 72 h pi. The GRPR/PSMA-targeting heterodimer [I-125]I-BO530 is a promising agent for theranostics application in prostate cancer.

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  • 2.
    Adeyemi, Ahmed
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Wetzel, Alexander
    AstraZeneca, Dept Med Chem, Cardiovasc Renal & Metab IMED Biotech Unit, Pepparedsleden 1, S-43183 Molndal, Sweden.
    Bergman, Joakim
    AstraZeneca, Dept Med Chem, Cardiovasc Renal & Metab IMED Biotech Unit, Pepparedsleden 1, S-43183 Molndal, Sweden.
    Brånalt, Jonas
    AstraZeneca, Dept Med Chem, Cardiovasc Renal & Metab IMED Biotech Unit, Pepparedsleden 1, S-43183 Molndal, Sweden.
    Larhed, Mats
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Regio- and Stereoselective Synthesis of Spirooxindoles via Mizoroki-Heck Coupling of Aryl Iodides2019In: Synlett: Accounts and Rapid Communications in Synthetic Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0936-5214, E-ISSN 1437-2096, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 82-88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A method for highly regio- and stereoselective intramolecular Mizoroki-Heck 5- exo cyclization of aryl iodides to the corresponding spirooxindoles has been developed. Electron-rich and electron-deficient aryl iodide precursors were selectively ring-closed with high stereoselectivity and good yields. The double-bond position in the cyclopentene ring was controlled by careful choice of reaction conditions. These rare spiro compounds were further functionalized to rigidified unnatural amino acid derivatives by a subsequent gas-free Pd(0)-catalyzed alkoxycarbonylation, followed by selective O - and N -deprotections.

  • 3.
    Alhuseinalkhudhur, Ali
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Lubberink, Mark
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Velikyan, Irina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Tolmachev, Vladimir
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medical Radiation Science.
    Frejd, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medical Radiation Science.
    Feldwisch, Joachim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medical Radiation Science.
    Lindman, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Experimental and Clinical Oncology.
    Sörensen, Jens
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Physiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Kinetic Analysis of the HER2-binding ABY-025 Affibody Using Dynamic PET in Patients with Metastatic Breast Cancer2018In: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, ISSN 1619-7070, E-ISSN 1619-7089, Vol. 45, p. S457-S457Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Barlow, Nicholas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry. Medicinal Chemistry, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia.
    Reddy Vanga, Sudarsana
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Computational Biology and Bioinformatics.
    Sävmarker, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry.
    Sandström, Anja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Drug Design and Discovery.
    Burns, Peta
    Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Department of Physiology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.
    Hallberg, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Åqvist, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Computational Biology and Bioinformatics.
    Gutiérrez-de-Terán, Hugo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Computational Biology and Bioinformatics.
    Hallberg, Mathias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
    Larhed, Mats
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Chai, Siew Yeen
    Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Department of Physiology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.
    Thompson, Philip E
    Medicinal Chemistry, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia.
    Macrocyclic Peptidomimetics as Inhibitors of Insulin-Regulated Aminopeptidase (IRAP)2020In: RSC Medicinal chemistry, E-ISSN 2632-8682, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 234-244Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Macrocyclic analogues of the linear hexapeptide, angiotensin IV (AngIV) have proved to be potent inhibitors of insulin-regulated aminopeptidase (IRAP, oxytocinase, EC 3.4.11.3). Along with higher affinity, macrocycles may also offer better metabolic stability, membrane permeability and selectivity, however predicting the outcome of particular cycle modifications is challenging. Here we describe the development of a series of macrocyclic IRAP inhibitors with either disulphide, olefin metathesis or lactam bridges and variations of ring size and other functionality. The binding mode of these compounds is proposed based on molecular dynamics analysis. Estimation of binding affinities (∆G) and relative binding free energies (∆∆G) with the linear interaction energy (LIE) method and free energy perturbation (FEP) method showed good general agreement with the observed inhibitory potency. Experimental and calculated data highlight the cumulative importance of an intact N-terminal peptide, the specific nature of the macrocycle, the phenolic oxygen and the C-terminal functionality.

  • 5.
    Bjerketorp, Joakim
    et al.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Levenfors, Jolanta J
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Sahlberg, Christer
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Nord, Christina L
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Uppsala, Sweden; Medivir AB, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Andersson, Pierre F
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Guss, Bengt
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Öberg, Bo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry. Ultupharma AB, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Broberg, Anders
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Antibacterial 3,6-Disubstituted 4-Hydroxy-5,6-dihydro-2H-pyran-2-ones from Serratia plymuthica MF371-22017In: Journal of natural products (Print), ISSN 0163-3864, E-ISSN 1520-6025, Vol. 80, no 11, p. 2997-3002Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bioassay-guided fractionation of culture extracts of Serratia plymuthica strain MF371-2 resulted in the isolation of two new antibacterial compounds with potent activity against Gram-positive bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus LMG 15975 (MRSA). A spectroscopic investigation, in combination with synthesis, enabled the characterization of the compounds as 3-butyryl-4-hydroxy-6-heptyl-5,6-dihydro2H-pyran-2-one (plymuthipyranone A, 1) and 3-butyry1-4-hydroxy-6-nony1-5,6-dihydro-2H-pyran-2-one (plymuthipyranone B, 2). The MIC values for 1 and 2 against S. aureus LMG 15975 were determined to be 1-2 mu g mL(-1) and 0.8 mu g mL(-1), respectively. Compound 2 was found to have potent activity against many strains of S. aureus, including several mupirocin-resistant strains, other species of Staphylococcus, and vancomycin-resistant enterococci. Compound 2 was slightly cytotoxic for human cells, with CC50 values between 4.7 and 40 mu g mL(-1), but the CC50/MIC ratio was >= 10 for many tested combinations of human cells and bacteria, suggesting its possible use as an antibacterial agent. Several analogues were synthesized with different alkyl groups in the 3- and 6-positions (6-13), and their biological properties were evaluated. It was concluded that the activity of the compounds increased with the lengths of the alkyl and acyl substituents.

  • 6. Chiotis, K
    et al.
    Saint-Aubert, L
    Rodriguez-Vieitez, E
    Leuzy, A
    Almkvist, O
    Savitcheva, I
    Jonasson, My
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Lubberink, Mark
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Wall, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Nordberg, A
    Longitudinal changes of tau PET imaging in relation to hypometabolism in prodromal and Alzheimer's disease dementia2018In: Molecular Psychiatry, ISSN 1359-4184, E-ISSN 1476-5578, Vol. 23, no 7, p. 1666-1673Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of tau-specific positron emission tomography (PET) tracers allows imaging in vivo the regional load of tau pathology in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other tauopathies. Eighteen patients with baseline investigations enroled in a 17-month follow-up study, including 16 with AD (10 had mild cognitive impairment and a positive amyloid PET scan, that is, prodromal AD, and six had AD dementia) and two with corticobasal syndrome. All patients underwent PET scans with [(18)F]THK5317 (tau deposition) and [(18)F]FDG (glucose metabolism) at baseline and follow-up, neuropsychological assessment at baseline and follow-up and a scan with [(11)C]PIB (amyloid-β deposition) at baseline only. At a group level, patients with AD (prodromal or dementia) showed unchanged [(18)F]THK5317 retention over time, in contrast to significant decreases in [(18)F]FDG uptake in temporoparietal areas. The pattern of changes in [(18)F]THK5317 retention was heterogeneous across all patients, with qualitative differences both between the two AD groups (prodromal and dementia) and among individual patients. High [(18)F]THK5317 retention was significantly associated over time with low episodic memory encoding scores, while low [(18)F]FDG uptake was significantly associated over time with both low global cognition and episodic memory encoding scores. Both patients with corticobasal syndrome had a negative [(11)C]PIB scan, high [(18)F]THK5317 retention with a different regional distribution from that in AD, and a homogeneous pattern of increased [(18)F]THK5317 retention in the basal ganglia over time. These findings highlight the heterogeneous propagation of tau pathology among patients with symptomatic AD, in contrast to the homogeneous changes seen in glucose metabolism, which better tracked clinical progression.Molecular Psychiatry advance online publication, 16 May 2017; doi:10.1038/mp.2017.108.

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  • 7.
    Chow, Shiao Y.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Odell, Luke R.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Eriksson, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Low-Pressure Radical 11C-Aminocarbonylation of Alkyl Iodides through Thermal Initiation2017In: European Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 1434-193X, E-ISSN 1099-0690, Vol. 2017, no 8, p. 1236-1236Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Coenen, Heinz H.
    et al.
    Res Ctr Julich, Julich, Germany.
    Gee, Antony D.
    Kings Coll London, London, England.
    Adam, Michael
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Cutler, Cathy S.
    Brookhaven Natl Lab, Upton, NY 11973 USA.
    Fujibayashi, Yasuhisa
    Keio Univ, Tokyo, Japan.
    Jeong, Jae Min
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul, South Korea.
    Mach, Robert H.
    Univ Penn, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA.
    Mindt, Thomas L.
    Univ Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Pike, Victor W.
    NIMH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.
    Windhorst, Albert D.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam Med Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    International Consensus Radiochemistry Nomenclature Guidelines2018In: Radiochimica Acta, ISSN 0033-8230, E-ISSN 2193-3405, Vol. 106, no 7, p. 623-625Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Coenen, Heinz H.
    et al.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Julich, Germany..
    Gee, Antony D.
    Kings Coll London, London, England..
    Adam, Michael
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Cutler, Cathy S.
    Brookhaven Natl Lab, Upton, NY 11973 USA..
    Fujibayashi, Yasuhisa
    Keio Univ, Tokyo, Japan..
    Jeong, Jae Min
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul, South Korea..
    Mach, Robert H.
    Univ Penn, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA..
    Mindt, Thomas L.
    Ludwig Boltzmann Inst Appl Diagnost, Vienna, Austria..
    Pike, Victor W.
    NIMH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Windhorst, Albert D.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam Med Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Letter to the Editor: International Consensus Radiochemistry Nomenclature Guidelines2018In: Current Radiopharmaceuticals, ISSN 1874-4710, E-ISSN 1874-4729, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 73-75Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Coenen, Heinz H.
    et al.
    Res Ctr Julich, Julich, Germany.
    Gee, Antony D.
    Kings Coll London, London, England.
    Adam, Michael
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Cutler, Cathy S.
    Brookhaven Natl Lab, Upton, NY USA.
    Fujibayashi, Yasuhisa
    Keio Univ, Tokyo, Japan.
    Jeong, Jae Min
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul, South Korea.
    Mach, Robert H.
    Univ Penn, Philadelphia, PA USA.
    Mindt, Thomas L.
    Ludwig Boltzmann Inst Appl Diagnost, Vienna, Austria.
    Pike, Victor W.
    NIMH, Bethesda, MD USA.
    Windhorst, Albert D.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Med Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Open letter to journal editors on: international consensus radiochemistry nomenclature guidelines2018In: American Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, ISSN 2160-8407, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 70-72Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Coenen, Heinz H.
    et al.
    Res Ctr Julich, Julich, Germany.
    Gee, Antony D.
    Kings Coll London, London, England.
    Adam, Michael
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Cutler, Cathy S.
    Brookhaven Natl Lab, Upton, NY USA.
    Fujibayashi, Yasuhisa
    Keio Univ, Tokyo, Japan.
    Jeong, Jae Min
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul, South Korea.
    Mach, Robert H.
    Univ Penn, Philadelphia, PA USA.
    Mindt, Thomas L.
    Ludwig Boltzmann Inst Appl Diagnost, Vienna, Austria.
    Pike, Victor W.
    NIMH, Bethesda, MD USA.
    Windhorst, Albert D.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam Med Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Open letter to journal editors on: International Consensus Radiochemistry Nomenclature Guidelines2018In: Nuclear medicine communications, ISSN 0143-3636, E-ISSN 1473-5628, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 193-195Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Coenen, Heinz H.
    et al.
    Res Ctr Jülich, Jülich, Germany.
    Gee, Antony D.
    Kings Coll London, London, England..
    Adam, Michael
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Cutler, Cathy S.
    Brookhaven Natl Lab, Upton, NY USA.
    Fujibayashi, Yasuhisa
    Keio Univ, Tokyo, Japan.
    Jeong, Jae Min
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul, South Korea.
    Mach, Robert H.
    Univ Penn, Philadelphia, PA USA.
    Mindt, Thomas L.
    Ludwig Boltzmann Inst Appl Diagnost, Vienna, Austria.
    Pike, Victor W.
    NIMH, Bethesda, MD USA.
    Windhorst, Albert D.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam Med Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Open letter to journal editors on: International Consensus Radiochemistry Nomenclature Guidelines2018In: Annals of Nuclear Medicine, ISSN 0914-7187, E-ISSN 1864-6433, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 236-238Article in journal (Other academic)
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    fulltext
  • 13.
    Coenen, Heinz H.
    et al.
    Res Ctr Julich, Julich, Germany.
    Gee, Antony D.
    Kings Coll London, London, England.
    Adam, Michael
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Cutler, Cathy S.
    Brookhaven Natl Lab, Upton, NY, USA.
    Fujibayashi, Yasuhisa
    Keio Univ, Tokyo, Japan.
    Jeong, Jae Min
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul, South Korea.
    Mach, Robert H.
    Univ Penn, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Mindt, Thomas L.
    Ludwig Boltzmann Inst Appl Diagnost, Vienna, Austria.
    Pike, Victor W.
    NIMH, Bethesda, MD, USA.
    Windhorst, Albert D.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Med Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Open letter to journal editors on: international consensus radiochemistry nomenclature guidelines2018In: Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, ISSN 0236-5731, E-ISSN 1588-2780, Vol. 315, no 3, p. 443-445Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Coenen, Heinz H.
    et al.
    Res Ctr Julich, Julich, Germany..
    Gee, Antony D.
    Kings Coll London, London, England..
    Adam, Michael
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Cutler, Cathy S.
    Brookhaven Natl Lab, Upton, NY 11973 USA..
    Fujibayashi, Yasuhisa
    Keio Univ, Tokyo, Japan..
    Jeong, Jae Min
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul, South Korea..
    Mach, Robert H.
    Univ Penn, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA..
    Mindt, Thomas L.
    Ludwig Boltzmann Inst Appl Diagnost, Vienna, Austria..
    Pike, Victor W.
    NIMH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Windhorst, Albert D.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam Med Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Open letter to journal editors on: International consensus radiochemistry nomenclature guidelines2018In: Journal of labelled compounds & radiopharmaceuticals, ISSN 0362-4803, E-ISSN 1099-1344, Vol. 61, no 4, p. 402-404Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Coenen, Heinz H.
    et al.
    Res Ctr Julich, Julich, Germany.
    Gee, Antony D.
    Kings Coll London, London, England.
    Adam, Michael
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Cutler, Cathy S.
    Brookhaven Natl Lab, Upton, NY 11973 USA.
    Fujibayashi, Yasuhisa
    Keio Univ, Tokyo, Japan.
    Jeong, Jae Min
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul, South Korea.
    Mach, Robert H.
    Univ Penn, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA.
    Mindt, Thomas L.
    Univ Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Pike, Victor W.
    NIMH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.
    Windhorst, Albert D.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam Med Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Open letter to journal editors on: International Consensus Radiochemistry Nomenclature Guidelines2019In: CLINICAL AND TRANSLATIONAL IMAGING, ISSN 2281-5872, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 61-63Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Coenen, Heinz H.
    et al.
    Res Ctr Julich, Julich, Germany.
    Gee, Antony D.
    Kings Coll London, London, England.
    Adam, Michael
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Cutler, Cathy S.
    Brookhaven Natl Lab, Upton, NY 11973 USA.
    Fujibayashi, Yasuhisa
    Keio Univ, Tokyo, Japan.
    Jeong, Jae Min
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul, South Korea.
    Mach, Robert H.
    Univ Penn, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA.
    Mindt, Thomas L.
    Univ Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Pike, Victor W.
    NIMH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.
    Windhorst, Albert D.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Med Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Status of the 'consensus nomenclature rules in radiopharmaceutical sciences' initiative2019In: Nuclear Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0969-8051, E-ISSN 1872-9614, Vol. 71, p. 19-22Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Coenena, Heinz H.
    et al.
    Forschungszentrum Julich, Julich, Germany.
    Gee, Antony D.
    Kings Coll London, London, England.
    Adam, Michael
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Cutler, Cathy S.
    Brookhaven Natl Lab, Upton, NY USA.
    Fujibayashi, Yasuhisa
    Keio Univ, Tokyo, Japan.
    Jeong, Jae Min
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul, South Korea.
    Mach, Robert H.
    Univ Penn, Philadelphia, PA USA.
    Mindt, Thomas L.
    Univ Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Pike, Victor W.
    NIH, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD USA.
    Windhorst, Albert D.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Med Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    International Consensus Radiochemistry Nomenclature Guidelines2018In: Nuclearmedizin, ISSN 0029-5566, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 40-41Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Elgland, Mathias
    et al.
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Phys Chem & Biol IFM, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Nordeman, Patrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preclinical PET-MRI Platform.
    Fyrner, Timmy
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Phys Chem & Biol IFM, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Konradsson, Peter
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Phys Chem & Biol IFM, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preclinical PET-MRI Platform. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Nilsson, Peter
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Phys Chem & Biol IFM, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Synthesis of beta-configured clickable [18F]FDGs as novel 18F-fluoroglycosylation tools for PET in vivo imaging2017In: Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0065-7727, Vol. 253Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Engen, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Inhibitors Targeting Insulin-Regulated Aminopeptidase (IRAP): Identification, Synthesis and Evaluation2020Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Insulin-regulated aminopeptidase (IRAP) has emerged as a potential new therapeutic target for treatment of cognitive disorders. Inhibition of the enzymatic activity facilitates cognition in rodents. Potent and selective peptide and pseudopeptide based inhibitors have been developed, but most of them suffer from poor pharmacokinetics and blood-brain-barrier penetration. Hence, development of less-complex inhibitors with good pharmacokinetic properties are of great importance.

    The aim of this thesis was to identify and optimize new small-molecule based IRAP inhibitors for use as research tools to investigate the cognitive effects of IRAP inhibition. Adaptation of an existing enzymatic assay into a screening compatible procedure allowed the evaluation of 10,500 compounds as IRAP inhibitors. The screening campaign resulted in 23 compounds displaying more than 60% inhibition. Two of these compounds, a spiro-oxindole dihydroquinazolinone and an imidazo[1,5-α]pyridine, were further investigated in terms of structure-activity relationship, physicochemical properties, metabolic stability, and mechanism of inhibition.

    Spiro-oxindole dihydroquinazolinone based IRAP inhibitors were synthesized via fast and simple microwave-promoted reactions, either in batch or in a continuous flow approach. The most potent compounds displayed sub-µM affinity, and interestingly an uncompetitive mode of inhibition with the synthetic substrate used in the assay. Molecular modeling confirmed the possibility of simultaneous binding of the compounds and the substrate. Furthermore, the molecular modeling suggested that the S-enantiomer accounts for the inhibitory effect observed with this compound series. The compounds also proved inactive on the closely related enzyme aminopeptidase N. Unfortunately, the spiro-oxindole based inhibitors suffered from poor solubility and metabolic stability.

    Imidazo[1,5-α]pyridine based IRAP inhibitors were synthesized via a five step procedure, providing inhibitors in the low-µM range. The stereospecificity of a methyl group proved important for inhibition. The compound series displayed no inhibitory activity on aminopeptidase N. Intriguing, these compounds exhibit a noncompetitive inhibition mechanism with the model substrate. As observed for the spiro-compounds, the imidazopyridines suffered from both poor solubility and metabolic stability.  

    In summary, the work presented in this thesis provide synthetic procedures, initial structure-activity relationship, and pharmacological evaluation of two distinct inhibitors classes. The compounds are among the first non-peptidic IRAP inhibitors presented, serving as interesting starting points in the development of research tools for use in models of cognition.

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  • 20.
    Engen, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry.
    Lundbäck, Thomas
    Rosenström, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Gising, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Jenmalm Jensen, Annika
    Hallberg, Mathias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
    Larhed, Mats
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Inhibition of Insulin-Regulated Aminopeptidase by Imidazo[1,5-α]pyridines; Synthesis and EvaluationManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Inhibition of Insulin-regulated Aminopeptidase (IRAP) has been shown to improve cognitive functions in several animal models. Recently, we performed a screening campaign identifying novel small-molecule based compounds acting as inhibitors of the enzymatic activity IRAP. Here we report on the chemical synthesis, structure-activity relationships (SAR) and initial characterization of physicochemical properties of a series of imidazo[1,5-α]pyridine-based inhibitors, including delineation of their mode of action as non-competitive inhibitors with a small L-leucine-based IRAP substrate. The best compound displays an pIC50 values of 6.0. We elucidate the importance of two chiral sites in these molecules and find they have little impact on the compound´s metabolic stability or physicochemical properties. The carbonyl group of a central urea moiety was initially believed to mimic substrate binding to a catalytically important Zn2+ ion in the active site, although the plausibility of this binding hypothesis is challenged by observation of excellent selectivity versus the closely related aminopeptidase N (APN). Taken together with the non-competitive inhibition pattern, we also consider an alternative model of allosteric binding.

  • 21.
    Engen, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Reddy Vanga, Sudarsana
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Computational Biology and Bioinformatics.
    Lundbäck, Thomas
    Karolinska Inst, Chem Biol Consortium Sweden, Sci Life Lab, Dept Med Biochem & Biophys, SE-17165 Solna, Sweden ; AstraZeneca, Mechanist Biol & Profiling, Discovery Sci, R&D, SE-43183 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Agalo, Faith
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Konda, Vivek
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Drug Design and Discovery.
    Jensen, Annika Jenmalm
    Karolinska Inst, Chem Biol Consortium Sweden, Sci Life Lab, Dept Med Biochem & Biophys, SE-17165 Solna, Sweden.
    Åqvist, Johan
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Computational Biology and Bioinformatics.
    Gutiérrez-de-Terán, Hugo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Computational Biology and Bioinformatics. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Hallberg, Mathias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
    Larhed, Mats
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics.
    Rosenström, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Synthesis, Evaluation and Proposed Binding Pose of Substituted Spiro-Oxindole Dihydroquinazolinones as IRAP Inhibitors2020In: ChemistryOpen, ISSN 2191-1363, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 325-337Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Insulin‐regulated aminopeptidase (IRAP) is a new potential macromolecular target for drugs aimed for treatment of cognitive disorders. Inhibition of IRAP by angiotensin IV (Ang IV) improves the memory and learning in rats. The majority of the known IRAP inhibitors are peptidic in character and suffer from poor pharmacokinetic properties. Herein, we present a series of small non‐peptide IRAP inhibitors derived from a spiro‐oxindole dihydroquinazolinone screening hit (pIC50 5.8). The compounds were synthesized either by a simple microwave (MW)‐promoted three‐component reaction, or by a two‐step one‐pot procedure. For decoration of the oxindole ring system, rapid MW‐assisted Suzuki‐Miyaura cross‐couplings (1 min) were performed. A small improvement of potency (pIC50 6.6 for the most potent compound) and an increased solubility could be achieved. As deduced from computational modelling and MD simulations it is proposed that the S‐configuration of the spiro‐oxindole dihydroquinazolinones accounts for the inhibition of IRAP.

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  • 22.
    Eriksson, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry.
    Fang, Xiaotian T.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Geriatrics.
    Hultqvist, Greta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
    Olberg, D. E.
    Univ Oslo, Dept Pharm, Oslo, Norway.
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Lannfelt, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Geriatrics.
    Sehlin, Dag
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Geriatrics.
    Syvänen, Stina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Geriatrics.
    [F-18]Tetrazine-trans-cyclooctene mediated labelling of antibodies for PET imaging of amyloid-beta2018In: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, ISSN 1619-7070, E-ISSN 1619-7089, Vol. 45, p. S643-S643Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Eriksson, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Roy, Tamal
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Sawadjoon, Supaporn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Bachmann, Kim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Sköld, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Larhed, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Weis, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences.
    Selvaraju, Ram
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preclinical PET-MRI Platform.
    Korsgren, Olle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Hematology and Immunology.
    Eriksson, Olof
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Synthesis and initial preclinical evaluation of the CRTH2 antagonist [C-11] MK-72462019In: Journal of Labelled Compounds and Pharmaceuticals, WILEY 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA , 2019, Vol. 62, p. S544-S545Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Eriksson, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry.
    Roy, Tamal
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry.
    Sawadjoon, Supaporn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry.
    Bachmann, Kim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry.
    Sköld, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry.
    Larhed, Mats
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Weis, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Selvaraju, Ramkumar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preclinical PET-MRI Platform.
    Korsgren, Olle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Clinical Immunology.
    Eriksson, Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry.
    Odell, Luke R.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry.
    Synthesis and preclinical evaluation of the CRTH2 antagonist [11C]MK-7246 as a novel PET tracer and potential surrogate marker for pancreatic beta-cell mass2019In: Nuclear Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0969-8051, E-ISSN 1872-9614, Vol. 71, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: MK-7246 is a potent and selective antagonist for chemoattractant receptor-homologous molecule expressed on Th2 cells (CRTH2). Within the pancreas CRTH2 is selectively expressed in pancreatic β-cells where it is believed to play a role in insulin release. Reduction in β-cell mass and insufficient insulin secretion in response to elevated blood glucose levels is a hallmark for type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Reported here is the synthesis of [11C]MK-7246 and initial preclinical evaluation towards CRTH2 imaging. The aim is to develop a method to quantify β-cell mass with PET and facilitate non-invasive studies of disease progression in individuals with type 2 diabetes.

    Methods: The precursor N-desmethyl-O-methyl MK-7246 was synthesized in seven steps and subjected to methylation with [11C]methyl iodide followed by hydrolysis to obtain [11C]MK-7246 labelled in the N-methyl position. Preclinical evaluation included in vitro radiography and immune-staining performed in human pancreatic biopsies. Biodistribution studies were performed in rat by PET-MRI and in pig by PET-CT imaging. The specific tracer uptake was examined in pig by scanning before and after administration of MK-7246 (1 mg/kg). Predicted dosimetry of [11C]MK-7246 in human males was estimated based on the biodistribution in rat.

    Results: [11C]MK-7246 was obtained with activities sufficient for the current investigations (270±120 MBq) and a radiochemical purity of 93±2%. The tracer displayed focal binding in areas with insulin positive islet of Langerhans in human pancreas sections. Baseline uptake in pig was significantly reduced in CRTH2-rich areas after administration of MK-7246; pancreas (66% reduction) and spleen (88% reduction). [11C]MK-7246 exhibited a safe human predicted dosimetry profile as extrapolated from the rat biodistribution data.

    Conclusions: Initial preclinical in vitro and in vivo evaluation of [11C]MK-7246 show binding and biodistribution properties suitable for PET imaging of CRTH2. Further studies are warranted to assess its potential in β-cell mass imaging and CRTH2 drug development.

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  • 25.
    Eriksson, Olof
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics.
    Rosenström, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Selvaraju, Ram Kumar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preclinical PET-MRI Platform.
    Eriksson, Barbro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Endocrine Tumor Biology.
    Velikyan, Irina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Species differences in pancreatic binding of DO3A-VS-Cys40-Exendin42017In: Acta Diabetologica, ISSN 0940-5429, E-ISSN 1432-5233, Vol. 54, no 11, p. 1039-1045Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS: Radiolabeled Exendin-4 has been proposed as suitable imaging marker for pancreatic beta cell mass quantification mediated by Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R). However, noticeable species variations in basal pancreatic uptake as well as uptake reduction degree due to selective beta cell ablation were observed.

    METHODS: -Exendin4 Positron Emission Tomography (PET) in the same species. In vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo data formed the basis for calculating the theoretical in vivo contribution of each pancreatic compartment.

    RESULTS: -Exendin4.

    CONCLUSIONS: IPR as well as the exocrine GLP-1R density is the main determinants of the species variability in pancreatic uptake. Thus, the IPR in human is an important factor for assessing the potential of GLP-1R as an imaging biomarker for pancreatic beta cells.

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  • 26.
    Eriksson, Oskar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Coagulation and inflammation science. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Antaros Med AB, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Bossart, M.
    Sanofi Aventis, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Haack, T.
    Sanofi Aventis, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Laitinen, I.
    Sanofi Aventis, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Larsen, P.
    Sanofi Aventis, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Plettenburg, O.
    Helmholtz Zentrum, Munich, Germany..
    Johansson, L.
    Antaros Med AB, Molndal, Sweden..
    Pierrou, S.
    Antaros Med AB, Molndal, Sweden..
    Wagner, M.
    Sanofi Aventis, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Velikyan, Irina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry. Uppsala PET Ctr, Uppsala, Sweden..
    First-in-class PET tracer for the glucagon receptor2017In: Diabetologia, ISSN 0012-186X, E-ISSN 1432-0428, Vol. 60, p. S400-S400Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Fahlström, Markus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Appel, Lieuwe
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Danfors, Torsten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Engström, Mathias
    GE Healthcare, Applied Science Laboratory.
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preclinical PET-MRI Platform. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Kumlien, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Landtblom: Neurology.
    Wikström, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Larsson, Elna-Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Lubberink, Mark
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Evaluation of pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling MRI – agreement with 15O-water PET with arterial input function and use of integrated PET/MRManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Fani, Melpomeni
    et al.
    Division of Radiopharmaceutical Chemistry, University Hospital of Basel, 4031 Basel, Switzerland.
    Peitl, Petra Kolenc
    Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Velikyan, Irina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Current Status of Radiopharmaceuticals for the Theranostics of Neuroendocrine Neoplasms2017In: Pharmaceuticals, ISSN 1424-8247, E-ISSN 1424-8247, Vol. 10, no 1, article id E30Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nuclear medicine plays a pivotal role in the management of patients affected by neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs). Radiolabeled somatostatin receptor analogs are by far the most advanced radiopharmaceuticals for diagnosis and therapy (radiotheranostics) of NENs. Their clinical success emerged receptor-targeted radiolabeled peptides as an important class of radiopharmaceuticals and it paved the way for the investigation of other radioligand-receptor systems. Besides the somatostatin receptors (sstr), other receptors have also been linked to NENs and quite a number of potential radiolabeled peptides have been derived from them. The Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor (GLP-1R) is highly expressed in benign insulinomas, the Cholecystokinin 2 (CCK2)/Gastrin receptor is expressed in different NENs, in particular medullary thyroid cancer, and the Glucose-dependent Insulinotropic Polypeptide (GIP) receptor was found to be expressed in gastrointestinal and bronchial NENs, where interestingly, it is present in most of the sstr-negative and GLP-1R-negative NENs. Also in the field of sstr targeting new discoveries brought into light an alternative approach with the use of radiolabeled somatostatin receptor antagonists, instead of the clinically used agonists. The purpose of this review is to present the current status and the most innovative strategies for the diagnosis and treatment (theranostics) of neuroendocrine neoplasms using a cadre of radiolabeled regulatory peptides targeting their receptors.

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  • 29.
    Gonzalez, Miguel A. Cortes
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Organ Chem, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jiang, Xingguo
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Organ Chem, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nordeman, Patrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Szabo, Kalman J.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Organ Chem, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rhodium-mediated F-18-oxyfluorination of diazoketones using a fluorine-18-containing hypervalent iodine reagent2019In: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, Vol. 55, no 89, p. 13358-13361Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Geminal F-18-oxyfluorination of diazoketones was performed in the presence of rhodium mediators. The reactions were performed using a hypervalent iodine-based [F-18]fluoro-benziodoxole reagent. By this methodology various alpha-[F-18]fluoro ethers were obtained in high radiochemical yield (up to 98%) and molar activity (216 GBq mu mol(-1)).

  • 30.
    Gonzalez, Miguel A. Cortes
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Organ Chem, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nordeman, Patrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Gomez, Antonio Bermejo
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Organ Chem, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Inst, AstraZeneca PET Ctr, SE-17176 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Meyer, Denise N.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Organ Chem, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Schou, Magnus
    Karolinska Inst, AstraZeneca PET Ctr, SE-17176 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Szabo, Kalman J.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Organ Chem, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    [18F]fluoro-benziodoxole: a no-carrier-added electrophilic fluorinating reagent. Rapid, simple radiosynthesis, purification and application for fluorine-18 labelling2018In: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, Vol. 54, no 34, p. 4286-4289Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Operationally simple radiosynthesis and purification of [F-18]fluoro-benziodoxole was developed starting from a cyclotron produced [F-18]F- precursor, [F-18]TBAF, and tosyl-benziodoxole. The synthetic utility of [F-18]fluoro-benziodoxole was demonstrated by electrophilic fluorocyclization of o-styrilamides proceeding with high RCC (typically 50-90%) and high molar activity (up to 396 GBq mol(-1)).

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  • 31. Heurling, Kerstin
    et al.
    Ashton, Nicholas J
    Leuzy, Antoine
    Zimmer, Eduardo R
    Blennow, Kaj
    Zetterberg, Henrik
    Eriksson, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preclinical PET-MRI Platform. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Lubberink, Mark
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Schöll, Michael
    Synaptic vesicle protein 2A as a potential biomarker in synaptopathies2019In: Molecular and Cellular Probes, ISSN 1044-7431, E-ISSN 1095-9327, Vol. 97, p. 34-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Measuring synaptic density in vivo using positron emission tomography (PET) imaging-based biomarkers targeting the synaptic vesicle protein 2A (SV2A) has received much attention recently due to its potential research and clinical applications in synaptopathies, including neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases. Fluid-based biomarkers in proteinopathies have previously been suggested to provide information on pathology and disease status that is complementary to PET-based measures, and the same can be hypothesized with respect to SV2A. This review provides an overview of the current state of SV2A PET imaging as a biomarker of synaptic density, the potential role of fluid-based biomarkers for SV2A, and related future perspectives.

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  • 32.
    Hjorth, Olof
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Frick, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Ekselius: Psychiatry.
    Gingnell, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Reproductive Health. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Ekselius: Psychiatry.
    Engman, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Björkstrand, Johannes
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Faria, Vanda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Alaie, Iman
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Carlbring, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Jonasson, My
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Lubberink, Mark
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preclinical PET-MRI Platform. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Larsson, Elna-Marie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Reis, Margareta
    Wahlstedt, Kurt
    Fredrikson, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Furmark, Tomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Changes in serotonin and dopamine transporter availability after combined treatment with escitalopram and cognitive-behavioral therapy in patients with social anxiety disorderManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Hjorth, Olof
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Frick, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Ekselius: Psychiatry.
    Gingnell, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Reproductive Health. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Ekselius: Psychiatry.
    Motilla Hoppe, Johanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Faria, Vanda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hultberg, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Alaie, Iman
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
    Månsson, Kristoffer N.T.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Rosén, Jörgen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Reis, Margareta
    Wahlstedt, Kurt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Jonasson, My
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Lubberink, Mark
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preclinical PET-MRI Platform. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Fredrikson, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Furmark, Tomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Response expectancies shape the effect of SSRI treatment on serotonin and dopamine transporters in patients with social anxiety disorderManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Hulsart Billström, Gry
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Selvaraju, Ramkumar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preclinical PET-MRI Platform.
    Estrada, Sergio
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preclinical PET-MRI Platform.
    Lubberink, Mark
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Asplund, Veronika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry.
    Bergman, Kristoffer
    TERMIRA, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Marsell, Richard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Larsson, Sune
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Non-invasive tri-modal visualisation via PET/SPECT/μCT of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 retention and associated bone regeneration: A proof of concept2018In: Journal of Controlled Release, ISSN 0168-3659, E-ISSN 1873-4995, Vol. 285, p. 178-186Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP's) are vital for bone and cartilage formation, where bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) is acknowledged as a growth factor in osteoblast differentiation. However, uncontrolled delivery may result in adverse clinical effects. In this study we investigated the possibility for longitudinal and non-invasive monitoring of implanted [125I]BMP-2 retention and its relation to ossification at the site of implantation. A unilateral critically sized femoral defect was produced in the left limb of rats while the right femur was retained intact as a paired reference control. The defect was filled with a hyaluronan hydrogel with 25% hydroxyapatite alone (carrier control; n = 2) or combined with a mixture of [125I]BMP-2 (150 μg/ml; n = 4). Bone formation was monitored using micro computed tomography (μCT) scans at 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 and 12 weeks. The retention of [125I]BMP-2 was assessed with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and the bone healing process was followed with sodium fluoride (Na18F) using positron emission tomography (PET) at day 3 and at week 2, 4, and 6. A rapid burst release of [125I]BMP-2 was detected via SPECT. This was followed by a progressive increase in uptake levels of [18F]fluoride depicted by PET imaging that was confirmed as bone formation via μCT. We propose that this functional, non-invasive imaging method allows tri-modal visualisation of the release of BMP-2 and the following in vivo response. We suggest that the potential of this novel technique could be considered for preclinical evaluation of novel smart materials on bone regeneration.

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  • 35.
    Isaksson, Rebecka
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Ligands of the Angiotensin II Type 2 Receptor: Exploring structure and function of the AT2R ligand C382019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system (RAAS) control blood-pressure regulation, exerted by the main effector peptide angiotensin II (AngII) binding the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R). While hypertension is the most known disease caused by over-activity in RAAS, several proteins in the system exhibit protective functions.

    One of these protective proteins is the GPCR angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT2R). After decades of research its biological role remain to be fully elucidated, exemplified by the two AT2R ligands currently in clinical trials; agonist C21 for treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and antagonist EMA401 for treatment of peripheral neuropathic pain. Making a minor structural change in C21 shifted the pharmacological profile, generating the regioisomer antagonist C38. The renewed interest in AT2R antagonists as potential drugs to treat neuropathic pain make continued studies of antagonist C38 highly interesting. 

    The aim of this thesis was to continue exploring the structure-activity relationship of antagonist C38 by investigating three chemical motifs to identify compounds with better drug-like properties. Developing a new chemical method, transesterification of sulfonyl carbamates, allowed quick modification of one of the motifs. Reducing the length of the sulfonyl carbamate chain significantly increased metabolic stability in liver microsomes without losing affinity for AT2R. Using a model substrate, the transesterification reaction was applied in a microwave heated continuous-flow system.

    Adding small substituents to the central phenyl ring generated a second library of ligands with retained affinity, but with no observed increase in metabolic stability. Docking studies with this library and a recently presented crystal structure of AT2R, resulted in a proposed binding mode of C38. Replacing the imidazole head group with bicyclic amides slightly improved affinity. While metabolic stability improved compared to previously published amide analogs, the bicyclic ligands were inferior to C38. Developing an assay based on RAW264.7 macrophages allowed a new evaluation of the functional activity exhibited by C38. In contrast to previous research, C21 and C38 both display agonistic functional activity in the macrophage assay.

    In summary, the work presented in this thesis expand the structure-activity relationship of C38 and its pharmacological profile. Two new ligands were identified that could serve as tools in murine models of neuropathic pain.

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  • 36.
    Isaksson, Rebecka
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Casselbrant, Anna
    Department of Gastrosurgical Research and Education, Sahlgrenska Academy.
    Elebring, Erik
    Department of Gastrosurgical Research and Education, Sahlgrenska Academy.
    Hallberg, Mathias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
    Larhed, Mats
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Fändriks, Lars
    Department of Gastrosurgical Research and Education, Sahlgrenska Academy.
    Direct stimulation of angiotensin II type 2 receptor reduces nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide treated mouse macrophages2020In: European Journal of Pharmacology, ISSN 0014-2999, E-ISSN 1879-0712, Vol. 868, article id 172855Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT2) is upregulated after tissue damage and mediates protective functions in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS). One of these is to inhibit inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in activated macrophages. In the present study, we assessed the effect of AT2 receptor ligands on nitric oxide production in murine macrophages as a potential assay to determine the functional activity of an AT2 receptor ligand. Mouse macrophage J744.2 and RAW264.7 were cultivated in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to induce M1 differentiation and increase iNOS expression. Using Griess reagent and spectrophotometric analysis, the nitric oxide levels were determined, while employing Western blot and immunocytochemistry to determine basal protein expression.

    Using the first reported selective non-peptide AT2 receptor agonist, compound C21, we conclude that activation of AT2 receptor reduces nitric oxide production in M1 macrophages. Furthermore, the AT2 receptor selective ligand compound C38, a regioisomer of C21, reported as a selective AT2 receptor antagonist exhibits a similar effect on nitric oxide production. Thus, we propose C38 acts as a partial agonist in the macrophage system. Monitoring nitric oxide attenuation in M1 J744.1 and RAW264.7 macrophages provides a new method for characterizing functional activity of AT2 receptor ligands, foreseen to be valuable in future drug discovery programs.

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  • 37.
    Isaksson, Rebecka
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Lindman, Jens
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Wannberg, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Sallander, Jessica
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Computational Biology and Bioinformatics.
    Backlund, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Baraldi, Dhaniel
    Department of Pharmacology, Monash University.
    Widdop, Robert
    Department of Pharmacology, Monash University.
    Hallberg, Mathias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
    Åqvist, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Computational Biology and Bioinformatics.
    Gutierrez de Teran, Hugo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Computational Biology and Bioinformatics.
    Gising, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Larhed, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    A Series of Analogues to the AT2R Prototype Antagonist C38 Allow Fine Tuning of the Previously Reported Antagonist Binding Mode2019In: ChemistryOpen, ISSN 2191-1363, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 114-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We here report on our continued studies of ligands binding tothe promising drug target angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT2R). Two series of compounds were synthesized and investigated. The first series explored the effects of adding small substituents to the phenyl ring of the known selective nonpeptide AT2R antagonist C38, generating small but significant shifts in AT2R affinity. One compound in the first series was equipotent to C38 and showed similar kinetic solubility, and stability in both human and mouse liver microsomes. The second series was comprised of new bicyclic derivatives, amongst which one ligand exhibited a five-fold improved affinity to AT2R ascompared to C38. The majority of the compounds in the second series, including the most potent ligand, were inferior to C38 with regard to stability in both human and mouse microsomes. In contrast to our previously reported findings, ligands with shorter carbamate alkyl chains only demonstrated slightly improved stability in microsomes. Based on data presented herein, a more adequate, tentative model of the binding modes of ligand analogues to the prototype AT2R antagonist C38 is proposed, as deduced from docking redefined by molecular dynamic simulations.

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  • 38.
    Jonasson, My
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Wall, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry.
    Chiotis, Konstantinos
    Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Center for Alzheimer Research, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Leuzy, Antoine
    Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Center for Alzheimer Research, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Nordberg, Agneta
    Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Center for Alzheimer Research, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Lubberink, Mark
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Optimal timing of tau pathology imaging and automatic extraction of a reference region using dynamic [18F]THK5317 PET2019In: NeuroImage: Clinical, ISSN 0353-8842, E-ISSN 2213-1582, Vol. 22, article id 101681Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    [F-18]THK5317 is a PET tracer for in-vivo imaging of tau associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). This work aimed to evaluate optimal timing for standardized uptake value ratio (SUVR) measures with [F-18]THK5317 and automated generation of SUVR-1 and relative cerebral blood flow (R-1) parametric images. Nine AD patients and nine controls underwent 90 min [F-18]THK5317 scans. SUVR-1 was calculated at transient equilibrium (TE) and for seven different 20 min intervals and compared with distribution volume ratio (DVR; reference Logan). Cerebellar grey matter (MRI) was used as reference region. A supervised cluster analysis (SVCA) method was implemented to automatically generate a reference region, directly from the dynamic PET volume without the need of a structural MRI scan, for computation of SUVR-1 and R-1 images for a scan duration matching the optimal timing. TE was reached first in putamen, frontal- and parietal cortex at 22 +/- 4 min for AD patients and in putamen at 20 +/- 0 min in controls. Over all regions and subjects, SUVR20-40-1 correlated best with DVR-1, R-2 = 0.97. High correlation was found between values generated using MRI- and SVCA-based reference (R-2 = 0.93 for SUVR20-40-1; R-2 = 0.94 for R-1). SUVR20-40 allows for accurate semi-quantitative assessment of tau pathology and SVCA may be used to obtain a reference region for calculation of both SUVR-1 and R-1 with 40 min scan duration.

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  • 39.
    Kero, Tanja
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Sorensen, Jens
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Wilking, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Carlson, Kristina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Haematology.
    Vedin, Ola
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology.
    Rosengren, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Haematology.
    Wikstrom, Gerhard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology.
    Lubberink, Mark
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Quantification of (11)C-PIB kinetics in cardiac amyloidosis2018In: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology, ISSN 1071-3581, EISSN 1532-6551Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The purpose of this work was to determine the optimal tracer kinetic model of (11)C-PIB and to validate the use of the simplified methods retention index (RI) and standardized uptake value (SUV) for quantification of cardiac (11)C-PIB uptake in amyloidosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Single-tissue, reversible and irreversible two-tissue models were fitted to data from seven cardiac amyloidosis patients who underwent (11)C-PIB PET scans and arterial blood sampling for measurement of blood radioactivity and metabolites. The irreversible two-tissue model (2Tirr) best described cardiac (11)C-PIB uptake. RI and SUV showed high correlation with the rate of irreversible binding (Ki) from the 2Tirr model (r(2 )=0.95 and r(2 )=0.94). Retrospective data from 10 amyloidosis patients and 5 healthy controls were analyzed using RI, SUV, as well as compartment modelling with a population-average metabolite correction. All measures were higher in amyloidosis patients than in healthy controls (p=.001), but with an overlap between groups for Ki. CONCLUSION: An irreversible two-tissue model best describes the (11)C-PIB uptake in cardiac amyloidosis. RI and SUV correlate well with Ki from the 2Tirr model. RI and SUV discriminate better between amyloidosis patients and controls than Ki based on population-average metabolite correction.

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  • 40.
    Källsten, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Analytical Chemistry.
    Ghorasaini, Mohan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Analytical Chemistry.
    Hartmann, Rafael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Lehmann, Fredrik
    Oncopeptides AB.
    Bergquist, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Analytical Chemistry.
    Kovac, Lucia
    Recipharm OT Chemistry AB.
    Lind, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Analytical Chemistry.
    Magnetic beads for desalting of monoclonal antibodies and antibody-drug conjugatesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Källsten, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Analytical Chemistry. Recipharm OT Chem AB, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hartmann, Rafael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Artemenko, Konstantin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Analytical Chemistry.
    Bergström Lind, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Analytical Chemistry.
    Lehmann, Fredrik
    Recipharm OT Chem AB, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Bergquist, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Analytical Chemistry.
    Qualitative analysis of antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs): an experimental comparison of analytical techniques of cysteine-linked ADCs.2018In: The Analyst, ISSN 0003-2654, E-ISSN 1364-5528, Vol. 143, no 22, p. 5487-5496Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) are an emerging type of biotherapeutics that utilize multiple tissue-specific antibodies combined with a range of linker designs to enable the transportation and selective release of cytotoxic drugs in close proximity to tumours. Consisting of antibodies conjugated to small drug molecules through a variety of linkers, ADCs are chemically complex analytes. Here we present a unique experimental comparison of four techniques for ADC analysis: hydrophobic interaction chromatography (HIC-UV/Vis), reversed phase liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (RPLC-MS), using either a QToF or an Orbitrap analyser, and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). Four different ADCs consisting of Trastuzumab, monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE) and a peptidic linker moiety differing in their respective stoichiometric ratios in regard to drug-to-antibody ratio (DAR) were used for the comparison. We found that the determined DAR from all techniques was comparable, while the accuracy of the molecular weights for the conjugated light and heavy chain differed more extensively. This indicates that the choice of a mass analyser is more crucial for determining the accurate weights of the light and heavy chains than to evaluate the DAR of a given batch. However, ambiguous DAR assignment in HIC-UV/Vis or bias for either the light or heavy chain fragments in the mass spectrometry-based techniques can influence the obtained average DAR value and the use of complementary techniques is advisable. Out of the four techniques evaluated, HIC-UV/Vis and MALDI required less time to obtain an average DAR value and would therefore be good for initial screenings in the early stages of the discovery phase of new ADCs.

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  • 42.
    Källsten, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Analytical Chemistry.
    Hartmann, Rafael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Kovac, Lucia
    Recipharm OT Chemistry AB.
    Lehmann, Fredrik
    Oncopeptides AB.
    Lind, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Analytical Chemistry.
    Bergquist, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Analytical Chemistry.
    Investigating the Impact of Sample Preparation on Mass Spectrometry-Based Drug-To-Antibody Ratio Determination for Cysteine- and Lysine-Linked Antibody-Drug ConjugatesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Källsten, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Analytical Chemistry. Recipharm OT Chem AB, Virdings Alle 32b, S-75450 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Pijnappel, Matthijs
    Recipharm OT Chem AB, Virdings Alle 32b, S-75450 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hartmann, Rafael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Lehmann, Fredrik
    Oncopeptides AB, Luntmakargatan 46, SE-11137 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kovac, Lucia
    Recipharm OT Chem AB, Virdings Alle 32b, S-75450 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Lind, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Analytical Chemistry.
    Bergquist, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Analytical Chemistry.
    Application of triple quadrupole mass spectrometry for the characterization of antibody-drug conjugates2019In: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, ISSN 1618-2642, E-ISSN 1618-2650, Vol. 411, no 12, p. 2569-2576Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) are an inherently heterogeneous class of biotherapeutics, the development of which requires extensive characterization throughout. During the earliest phases of preclinical development, when synthetic routes towards the desired conjugate are being assessed, the main interest lies in the determination of the average drug-to-antibody ratio (DAR) of a given batch as well as information about different conjugation species. There has been a trend in mass spectrometry (MS)-based characterization of ADCs towards the use of high-resolving mass spectrometry for many of these analyses. Considering the high cost for such an instrument, the evaluation of cheaper and more accessible alternatives is highly motivated. We have therefore tested the applicability of a quadrupole mass analyzer for the aforementioned characterizations. Eight ADCs consisting of trastuzumab and varying stoichiometries of Mc-Val-Cit-PABC-monomethyl auristatin E conjugated to native cysteines were synthesized and served as test analytes. The average DAR value and molecular weights (Mw) of all detected chains from the quadrupole mass analyzer showed surprisingly high agreement with results obtained from a time-of-flight (TOF) mass analyzer and hydrophobic interaction chromatography (HIC)-derived values for all investigated ADC batches. Acquired Mw were within 80ppm of TOF-derived values, and DAR was on average within 0.32 DAR units of HIC-derived values. Quadrupole mass spectrometers therefore represent a viable alternative for the characterization of ADC in early-stage development.

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  • 44.
    Ladds, Marcus J. G. W.
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SciLifeLab, Tomtebodavagen 23, SE-17121 Stockholm, Sweden..
    van Leeuwen, Ingeborg M. M.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Drummond, Catherine J.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Chu, Su
    Comprehens Canc Ctr, Div Hematol & Oncol, 1720 2nd Ave South,NP2540, Birmingham, AL 35294 USA..
    Healy, Alan R.
    Univ St Andrews, Sch Chem, St Andrews KY16 9ST, Fife, Scotland.;Univ St Andrews, Biomed Sci Res Complex, St Andrews KY16 9ST, Fife, Scotland.;EaStCHEM, St Andrews KY16 9ST, Fife, Scotland..
    Popova, Gergana
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Fernandez, Andres Pastor
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Mollick, Tanzina
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SciLifeLab, Tomtebodavagen 23, SE-17121 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Darekar, Suhas
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SciLifeLab, Tomtebodavagen 23, SE-17121 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sedimbi, Saikiran K.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Nekulova, Marta
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.;Masaryk Mem Canc Inst, RECAMO, Zluty Kopec 7, Brno 65653, Czech Republic..
    Sachweh, Marijke C. C.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Campbell, Johanna
    Univ Dundee, Ctr Oncol & Mol Med, Ninewells Hosp & Med Sch, Dundee DD1 9SY, Tayside, Scotland..
    Higgins, Maureen
    Univ Dundee, Ctr Oncol & Mol Med, Ninewells Hosp & Med Sch, Dundee DD1 9SY, Tayside, Scotland..
    Tuck, Chloe
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Popa, Mihaela
    Univ Bergen, Dept Clin Sci, Hematol Sect, Ctr Canc Biomarkers,CCBIO, N-5021 Bergen, Norway..
    Safont, Mireia Mayoral
    Univ Bergen, Dept Clin Sci, Hematol Sect, Ctr Canc Biomarkers,CCBIO, N-5021 Bergen, Norway..
    Gelebart, Pascal
    Univ Bergen, Dept Clin Sci, Hematol Sect, Ctr Canc Biomarkers,CCBIO, N-5021 Bergen, Norway..
    Fandalyuk, Zinayida
    Univ Bergen, Dept Clin Sci, Hematol Sect, Ctr Canc Biomarkers,CCBIO, N-5021 Bergen, Norway..
    Thompson, Alastair M.
    Univ Texas MD Anderson Canc Ctr, Dept Breast Surg Oncol, Holcombe Blvd, Houston, TX 77030 USA..
    Svensson, Richard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy.
    Gustavsson, Anna-Lena
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Biochem & Biophys, Div Translat Med & Chem Biol, Chem Biol Consortium Sweden,Sci Life Lab, SE-17121 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Johansson, Lars
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Biochem & Biophys, Div Translat Med & Chem Biol, Chem Biol Consortium Sweden,Sci Life Lab, SE-17121 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Farnegardh, Katarina
    Sci Life Lab, Drug Discovery & Dev Platform, Tomtebodavagen 23, SE-17121 Solna, Sweden..
    Yngve, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Saleh, Aljona
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy.
    Haraldsson, Martin
    Sci Life Lab, Drug Discovery & Dev Platform, Tomtebodavagen 23, SE-17121 Solna, Sweden..
    D'Hollander, Agathe C. A.
    Univ St Andrews, Sch Chem, St Andrews KY16 9ST, Fife, Scotland.;Univ St Andrews, Biomed Sci Res Complex, St Andrews KY16 9ST, Fife, Scotland.;EaStCHEM, St Andrews KY16 9ST, Fife, Scotland..
    Franco, Marcela
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Zhao, Yan
    Newcastle Univ, Northern Inst Canc Res, Newcastle Canc Ctr, Newcastle NE1 7RU, England..
    Hakansson, Maria
    SARomics Biostruct, Medicon Village, SE-22381 Lund, Sweden..
    Walse, Bjorn
    SARomics Biostruct, Medicon Village, SE-22381 Lund, Sweden..
    Larsson, Karin
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Peat, Emma M.
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Cell Biol, Wellcome Trust Ctr Cell Biol, Edinburgh EH9 3JR, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Pelechano, Vicent
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SciLifeLab, Tomtebodavagen 23, SE-17121 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lunec, John
    Newcastle Univ, Northern Inst Canc Res, Newcastle Canc Ctr, Newcastle NE1 7RU, England..
    Vojtesek, Borivoj
    Masaryk Mem Canc Inst, RECAMO, Zluty Kopec 7, Brno 65653, Czech Republic..
    Carmena, Mar
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Cell Biol, Wellcome Trust Ctr Cell Biol, Edinburgh EH9 3JR, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Earnshaw, William C.
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Cell Biol, Wellcome Trust Ctr Cell Biol, Edinburgh EH9 3JR, Midlothian, Scotland..
    McCarthy, Anna R.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Westwood, Nicholas J.
    Univ St Andrews, Sch Chem, St Andrews KY16 9ST, Fife, Scotland.;Univ St Andrews, Biomed Sci Res Complex, St Andrews KY16 9ST, Fife, Scotland.;EaStCHEM, St Andrews KY16 9ST, Fife, Scotland..
    Arsenian-Henriksson, Marie
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lane, David P.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SciLifeLab, Tomtebodavagen 23, SE-17121 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Bhatia, Ravi
    Comprehens Canc Ctr, Div Hematol & Oncol, 1720 2nd Ave South,NP2540, Birmingham, AL 35294 USA..
    McCormack, Emmet
    Univ Bergen, Dept Clin Sci, Hematol Sect, Ctr Canc Biomarkers,CCBIO, N-5021 Bergen, Norway.;Haukeland Hosp, Haematol Sect, Dept Med, Bergen, Norway..
    Lain, Sonia
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Microbiol Tumor & Cell Biol MTC, SciLifeLab, Tomtebodavagen 23, SE-17121 Stockholm, Sweden..
    A DHODH inhibitor increases p53 synthesis and enhances tumor cell killing by p53 degradation blockage2018In: Nature Communications, ISSN 2041-1723, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 9, article id 1107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of non-genotoxic therapies that activate wild-type p53 in tumors is of great interest since the discovery of p53 as a tumor suppressor. Here we report the identification of over 100 small-molecules activating p53 in cells. We elucidate the mechanism of action of a chiral tetrahydroindazole (HZ00), and through target deconvolution, we deduce that its active enantiomer (R)-HZ00, inhibits dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH). The chiral specificity of HZ05, a more potent analog, is revealed by the crystal structure of the (R)-HZ05/DHODH complex. Twelve other DHODH inhibitor chemotypes are detailed among the p53 activators, which identifies DHODH as a frequent target for structurally diverse compounds. We observe that HZ compounds accumulate cancer cells in S-phase, increase p53 synthesis, and synergize with an inhibitor of p53 degradation to reduce tumor growth in vivo. We, therefore, propose a strategy to promote cancer cell killing by p53 instead of its reversible cell cycle arresting effect.

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  • 45.
    Lindström, Elin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology. Department of Medical Physics, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Sundin, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Trampal, Carlos
    Lindsjö, Lars
    Ilan, Ezgi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology. Department of Medical Physics, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Danfors, Torsten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Sörensen, Jens
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology. PET Centre, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Lubberink, Mark
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology. Department of Medical Physics, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Evaluation of penalized likelihood estimation reconstruction on a digital time-of-flight PET/CT scanner for 18F-FDG whole-body examinations2018In: Journal of Nuclear Medicine, ISSN 0161-5505, E-ISSN 1535-5667, Vol. 59, no 7, p. 1152-1158Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The resolution and quantitative accuracy of PET are highly influenced by the reconstruction method. Penalized-likelihood estimation algorithms allow for fully convergent iterative reconstruction, generating a higher image contrast than ordered-subsets expectation maximization (OSEM) while limiting noise. In this study, a type of penalized reconstruction known as block-sequential regularized expectation maximization (BSREM) was compared with time-of-flight OSEM (TOF OSEM). Various strengths of noise penalization factor β were tested along with various acquisition durations and transaxial fields of view (FOVs) with the aim of evaluating the performance and clinical use of BSREM for 18F-FDG PET/CT, both quantitatively and in a qualitative visual evaluation. Methods: Eleven clinical whole-body 18F-FDG PET/CT examinations acquired on a digital TOF PET/CT scanner were included. The data were reconstructed using BSREM with point-spread function recovery and β-factors of 133, 267, 400, and 533—and using TOF OSEM with point-spread function—for various acquisition times per bed position and various FOVs. Noise level, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), signal-to-background ratio (SBR), and SUV were analyzed. A masked evaluation of visual image quality, rating several aspects, was performed by 2 nuclear medicine physicians to complement the analysis. Results: The lowest levels of noise were reached with the highest β-factor, resulting in the highest SNR, which in turn resulted in the lowest SBR. A β-factor of 400 gave noise equivalent to TOF OSEM but produced a significant increase in SUVmax (11%), SNR (22%), and SBR (12%). BSREM with a β-factor of 533 at a decreased acquisition duration (2 min/bed position) was comparable to TOF OSEM at a full acquisition duration (3 min/bed position). Reconstructed FOV had an impact on BSREM outcome measures; SNR increased and SBR decreased when FOV was shifted from 70 to 50 cm. The evaluation of visual image quality resulted in similar scores for reconstructions, although a β-factor of 400 obtained the highest mean whereas a β-factor of 267 was ranked best in overall image quality, contrast, sharpness, and tumor detectability. Conclusion: In comparison with TOF OSEM, penalized BSREM reconstruction resulted in an increased tumor SUVmax and an improved SNR and SBR at a matched level of noise. BSREM allowed for a shorter acquisition than TOF OSEM, with equal image quality.

  • 46.
    Lindström, Elin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology. Uppsala Univ Hosp, Med Phys, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Velikyan, Irina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Regula, Naresh Kumar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Alhuseinalkhudhur, Ali
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Sundin, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology.
    Sörensen, Jens
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology. Uppsala Univ Hosp, PET Ctr, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Lubberink, Mark
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Radiology. Uppsala Univ Hosp, Med Phys, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Regularized reconstruction of digital time-of-flight Ga-68-PSMA-11 PET/CT for the detection of recurrent disease in prostate cancer patients2019In: Theranostics, ISSN 1838-7640, E-ISSN 1838-7640, Vol. 9, no 12, p. 3476-3484Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Accurate localization of recurrent prostate cancer (PCa) is critical, especially if curative therapy is intended. With the aim to optimize target-to-background uptake ratio in Ga-68-PSMA-11 PET, we investigated the image quality and quantitative measures of regularized reconstruction by block-sequential regularized expectation maximization (BSREM).

    Methods:

    The study encompassed retrospective reconstruction and analysis of 20 digital time-of-flight (TOF) PET/CT examinations acquired 60 min post injection of 2 MBq/kg of Ga-68-PSMA-11 in PCa patients with biochemical relapse after primary treatment. Reconstruction by ordered-subsets expectation maximization (OSEM; 3 iterations, 16 subsets, 5 mm gaussian postprocessing filter) and BSREM (beta-values of 100-1600) were used, both including TOF and point spread function (PSF) recovery. Background variability (BV) was measured by placing a spherical volume of interest in the right liver lobe and defined as the standard deviation divided by the mean standardized uptake value (SUV). The image quality was evaluated in terms of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and signal-to-background ratio (SBR), using SUVmax of the lesions. A visual assessment was performed by four observers.

    Results:

    OSEM reconstruction produced images with a BV of 15%, whereas BSREM with a beta-value above 300 resulted in lower BVs than OSEM (36% with beta 100, 8% with beta 1300). Decreasing the acquisition duration from 2 to 1 and 0.5 min per bed position increased BV for both reconstruction methods, although BSREM with beta-values equal to or higher than 800 and 1200, respectively, kept the BV below 15%. In comparison of BSREM with OSEM, the mean SNR improved by 25 to 66% with an increasing beta-value in the range of 200-1300, whereas the mean SBR decreased with an increasing beta-value, ranging from 0 to 125% with a beta-value of 100 and 900, respectively. Decreased acquisition duration resulted in beta-values of 800 to 1000 and 1200 to 1400 for 1 and 0.5 min per bed position, respectively, producing improved image quality measures compared with OSEM at a full acquisition duration of 2 min per bed position. The observer study showed a slight overall preference for BSREM beta 900 although the interobserver variability was high.

    Conclusion:

    BSREM image reconstruction with beta-values in the range of 400-900 resulted in lower BV and similar or improved SNR and SBR in comparison with OSEM.

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  • 47.
    Mitran, Bogdan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics.
    Rinne, Sara S.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics.
    Azamy, F.
    Uppsala University.
    Vorobyeva, Anzhelika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medical Radiation Science.
    Altai, Mohamed
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medical Radiation Science.
    Konijnenberg, M.
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Maina-Nock, T.
    NCSR Demokritos, Athens, Greece.
    Nock, B. A.
    NCSR Demokritos, Athens, Greece.
    Tolmachev, Vladimir
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medical Radiation Science.
    Rosenström, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Orlova, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medical Radiation Science. Uppsala Univ, Uppsala, Sweden.
    GRPR-targeted radiotherapy using the Lu-177-labeled GRPR-antagonist DOTAGA-PEG(2)-RM262018In: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, ISSN 1619-7070, E-ISSN 1619-7089, Vol. 45, p. S29-S30Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Mitran, Bogdan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics.
    Rinne, Sara S.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics.
    Konijnenberg, Mark W.
    Erasmus MC, Dept Radiol & Nucl Med, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Maina, Theodosia
    NCSR Demokritos, INRASTES, Mol Radiopharm, Athens, Greece.
    Nock, Berthold A.
    NCSR Demokritos, INRASTES, Mol Radiopharm, Athens, Greece.
    Altai, Mohamed
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medical Radiation Science.
    Vorobyeva, Anzhelika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medical Radiation Science.
    Larhed, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Tolmachev, Vladimir
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medical Radiation Science.
    de Jong, Marion
    Erasmus MC, Dept Radiol & Nucl Med, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Rosenström, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Orlova, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Trastuzumab cotreatment improves survival of mice with PC-3 prostate cancer xenografts treated with the GRPR antagonist 177Lu-DOTAGA-PEG2-RM262019In: International Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0020-7136, E-ISSN 1097-0215, Vol. 145, no 12, p. 3347-3358Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gastrin-releasing peptide receptors (GRPRs) are overexpressed in prostate cancer and are suitable for targeted radionuclidetherapy (TRT). We optimized the bombesin-derived GRPR-antagonist PEG2-RM26 for labeling with 177Lu and further determinedthe effect of treatment with 177Lu-labeled peptide alone or in combination with the anti-HER2 antibody trastuzumab in amurine model. The PEG2-RM26 analog was coupled to NOTA, NODAGA, DOTA and DOTAGA chelators. The peptide-chelatorconjugates were labeled with 177Lu and characterized in vitro and in vivo. A preclinical therapeutic study was performed in PC-3xenografted mice. Mice were treated with intravenous injections (6 cycles) of (A) PBS, (B) DOTAGA-PEG2-RM26, (C) 177LuDOTAGA-PEG2-RM26, (D) trastuzumab or (E) 177Lu-DOTAGA-PEG2-RM26 in combination with trastuzumab. 177Lu-DOTAGA-PEG2-RM26 demonstrated quantitative labeling yield at high molar activity (450 GBq/μmol), high in vivo stability (5 min pi >98% ofradioligand remained when coinjected with phosphoramidon), high affinity to GRPR (KD = 0.4 0.2 nM), and favorablebiodistribution (1 hr pi tumor uptake was higher than in healthy tissues, including the kidneys). Therapy with 177Lu-DOTAGAPEG2-RM26 induced a significant inhibition of tumor growth. The median survival for control groups was significantly shorterthan for treated groups (Group C 66 days, Group E 74 days). Trastuzumab together with radionuclide therapy significantlyimproved survival. No treatment-related toxicity was observed. In conclusion, based on in vitro and in vivo characterization ofthe four 177Lu-labeled PEG2-RM26 analogs, we concluded that 177Lu-DOTAGA-PEG2-RM26 was the most promising analog forTRT. Radiotherapy using 177Lu-DOTAGA-PEG2-RM26 effectively inhibited tumor growth in vivo in a murine prostate cancermodel. Anti-HER2 therapy additionally improved survival.

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  • 49.
    Mitran, Bogdan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics.
    Thisgaard, Helge
    Odense Univ Hosp, Dept Nucl Med, PET & Cyclotron Unit, Odense, Denmark;Univ Southern Denmark, Dept Clin Res, Odense, Denmark.
    Rinne, Sara S.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics.
    Dam, Johan Hygum
    Odense Univ Hosp, Dept Nucl Med, PET & Cyclotron Unit, Odense, Denmark;Univ Southern Denmark, Dept Clin Res, Odense, Denmark.
    Azami, Frishta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry.
    Tolmachev, Vladimir
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medical Radiation Science.
    Orlova, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Rosenström, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Selection of an optimal macrocyclic chelator improves the imaging of prostate cancer using cobalt-labeled GRPR antagonist RM262019In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, article id 17086Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gastrin-releasing peptide receptors (GRPRs) are promising targets in oligometastatic prostate cancer. We have recently used 55Co (T1/2 = 17.5 h) as a label for next day PET imaging of GRPR expression obtaining high imaging contrast. The radionuclide-chelator combination can significantly influence the biodistribution of radiopeptides. Therefore, in this study, we hypothesized that the properties of 55Co-labeled PEG2-RM26 can be improved by identifying the optimal macrocyclic chelator. All analogues (X-PEG2-RM26, X = NOTA,NODAGA,DOTA,DOTAGA) were successfully labeled with radiocobalt with high yields and demonstrated high stability. The radiopeptides bound specifically and with picomolar affinity to GRPR and their cellular processing was characterized by low internalization. The best binding capacity was found for DOTA-PEG2-RM26. Ex vivo biodistribution in PC-3 xenografted mice was characterized by rapid blood clearance via renal excretion. Tumor uptake was similar for all conjugates at 3 h pi, exceeding the uptake in all other organs. Higher kidney uptake and longer retention were associated with N-terminal negative charge (DOTAGA-containing conjugate). Tumor-to-organ ratios increased over time for all constructs, although significant chelator-dependent differences were observed. Concordant with affinity measurements, DOTA-analog had the best retention of activity in tumors, resulting in the highest tumor-to-blood ratio 24 h pi, which translated into high contrast PET/CT imaging (using 55Co).

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  • 50.
    Mitran, Bogdan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics.
    Varasteh, Zohreh
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry. Klinikum Rechts Isar TUM, Dept Nucl Med, D-81675 Munich, Germany.
    Abouzayed, Ayman
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics.
    Rinne, Sara S.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics.
    Puuvuori, Emmi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Translational PET Imaging.
    De Rosa, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry. RiMED Fdn, Drug Discovery Unit, I-90133 Palermo, Italy.
    Larhed, Mats
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics.
    Tolmachev, Vladimir
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Medical Radiation Science.
    Orlova, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Theranostics. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Rosenström, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Preparative Medicinal Chemistry.
    Bispecific GRPR-antagonistic anti-PSMA/GRPR heterodimer for PET and SPECT diagnostic imaging of prostate cancer2019In: Cancers, ISSN 2072-6694, Vol. 11, no 9, article id 1371Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Simultaneous targeting of the prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) and gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPR) could improve the diagnostic accuracy in prostate cancer (PCa). The aim of this study was to develop a PSMA/GRPR-targeting bispecific heterodimer for SPECT and positron emission tomography (PET) diagnostic imaging of PCa. The heterodimer NOTA-DUPA-RM26 was produced by manual solid-phase peptide synthesis. NOTA-DUPA-RM26 was labeled with 111In and 68Ga, with yields >98%, and demonstrated a high stability and binding specificity to PSMA and GRPR. IC50 values for natIn-NOTA-DUPA-RM26 were 4 ± 1 nM towards GRPR and 824 ± 230 nM towards PSMA. An in vivo binding specificity 1 h pi of 111In-NOTA-DUPA-RM26 in PC3-PIP-xenografted mice demonstrated partially blockable tumor uptake when co-injected with an excess of PSMA- or GRPR-targeting agents. Simultaneous co-injection of both agents induced pronounced blocking. The biodistribution of 111In-NOTA-DUPA-RM26 and 68Ga-NOTA-DUPA-RM26 revealed fast activity clearance from the blood and normal organs via the kidneys. Tumor uptake exceeded normal organ uptake for both analogs 1 h pi. 68Ga-NOTA-DUPA-RM26 had a significantly lower tumor uptake (8 ± 2%ID/g) compared to 111In-NOTA-DUPA-RM26 (12 ± 2%ID/g) 1 h pi. Tumor-to-organ ratios increased 3 h pi, but decreased 24 h pi, for 111In-NOTA-DUPA-RM26. MicroPET/CT and microSPECT/CT scans confirmed biodistribution data, suggesting that 68Ga-NOTA-DUPA-RM26 and 111In-NOTA-DUPA-RM26 are suitable candidates for the imaging of GRPR and PSMA expression in PCa shortly after administration. 

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