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  • 1.
    Alter, George
    et al.
    History and PIRT Indiana University Bloomingtom USA .
    Oris, Michel
    Université de Genève Département d’Histoire économique 40, boulevard du pont d’Arve CH-1211 Genève 4 Suisse.
    Broström, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    The family and mortality: A case study from rural Belgium2001In: Annales de Démographie Historique, ISSN 0066-2062, E-ISSN 1776-2774, Vol. 2001, p. 11-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Differences in mortality among families give us clues about the importance of unobserved health-related behaviors. For example, if lower mortality was due to types of personal behavior learned in childhood, it should carry over to mortality at older ages. In this paper we use records from a nineteenth-century Belgian community to look at differences at mortality differences among families in two ways. First, we construct a direct measure of exposure to disease in childhood by counting the number of children in each family that died before age 15. Second, we calculate the overall effect of inter-family differences by using a "random effect" model that estimates the variance of the "family effect". Both of these measures show a strong family effect in childhood, but this effect diminishes after age 15 and disappears after age 55. Moreover, in a period still dominated by infectious diseases, those who survived diseases in childhood acquired immunities that helped them in later life.

  • 2.
    Aström, Daniel Oudin
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Forsberg, Bertil
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Ageing & Living Condit Programme, Umeå University.
    Rocklöv, Joacim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Acute Fatal Effects of Short-Lasting Extreme Temperatures in Stockholm, Sweden: Evidence Across a Century of Change.2013In: Epidemiology, ISSN 1044-3983, E-ISSN 1531-5487, Vol. 24, no 6, p. 820-829Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Climate change is projected to increase the frequency of extreme weather events. Short-term effects of extreme hot and cold weather and their effects on mortality have been thoroughly documented, as have epidemiologic and demographic changes throughout the 20th century. We investigated whether sensitivity to episodes of extreme heat and cold has changed in Stockholm, Sweden, from the beginning of the 20th century until the present.

    METHODS: We collected daily mortality and temperature data for the period 1901-2009 for present-day Stockholm County, Sweden. Heat extremes were defined as days for which the 2-day moving average of mean temperature was above the 98th percentile; cold extremes were defined as days for which the 26-day moving average was below the 2nd percentile. The relationship between extreme hot/cold temperatures and all-cause mortality, stratified by decade, sex, and age, was investigated through time series modeling, adjusting for time trends.

    RESULTS: Total daily mortality was higher during heat extremes in all decades, with a declining trend over time in the relative risk associated with heat extremes, leveling off during the last three decades. The relative risk of mortality was higher during cold extremes for the entire period, with a more dispersed pattern across decades. Unlike for heat extremes, there was no decline in the mortality with cold extremes over time.

    CONCLUSIONS: Although the relative risk of mortality during extreme temperature events appears to have fallen, such events still pose a threat to public health.

  • 3.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    ‘Do not eat those apples; they’ve been on the ground!’: – polio epidemics and preventive measures, Sweden 1880s-1940s2009In: Asclepio. Revista de Historia de la Medicina y de la Ciencia, ISSN 0210-4466, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 23-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses how Swedish scientists, physicians and public health officers tried to combat the polio epidemics in the pre-vaccine era. It shows that once polio was considered as an epidemic disease the preventive measures used were based on the hindrance of other infectious diseases. It also illustrates how epidemiological and laboratory studies to some degree affected the thoughts of how polio should be prevented, and that Swedish ideas and experiences differed fromthose put forward in the USA.

  • 4.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Indigenous identity in Demography2007Other (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Åldrande & livsvillkor: långsiktiga stöd till stark internationell forskningsmiljö vid Umeå Universitet2007Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Bengtsson, Tommy
    et al.
    Centre for Economic Demography and Department of Economic History, Lund University.
    Broström, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Famines and mortality crises in 18th to 19th century southern Sweden2011In: Genus: Journal of Population Sciences, ISSN 2035-5556, Vol. 67, no 2, p. 119-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Causality is an important but complicated issue, not only within social sciences in general but also within economic and historical demography. Here we are dealing with two different, but related, problems of causality. The first is to what extent the impact of food prices on mortality is biased when selecting on years with mortality crises. The second concerns the problem of mixing factors that directly and indirectly have an impact on mortality. Dealing with the first problem, we compare the effects of food prices on child and adult mortality when selecting on mortality crises with a standard approach without selection. When dealing with the second problem we use the additive hazards model, in combination with dynamic path analysis, which allows for investigating the mediating effect of intermediate covariates in a causal framework. We use individual level data from the Scanian Economic Demographic Database for five rural parishes for the period 1766 to 1865. Data on food prices refers to the local area of these parishes. The statistical analyses are performed in the R statistical computing environment, especially with the aid of the package eha. The main findings are that selecting on mortality crises created a large bias in the direction of overestimating the impact of food prices and that that the direct effects of food prices are dominating.

  • 7.
    Berck, Peter
    et al.
    University of California, Berkeley.
    Tano, Sofia
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics.
    Westerlund, Olle
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Regional sorting of human capital: the choice of location among young adults in Sweden2016In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 50, no 5, p. 757-770Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Migration rates are highest among young adults, especially students, and their location choices affect the regional distribution of human capital, growth and local public sector budgets. Using Swedish register data on young adults, the choice of whether to enroll in education and the choice of location are estimated jointly. The results indicate a systematic selection into investment in further education based on school grades and associated preferences for locations with higher per capita tax bases. For students, the estimates indicate lower preferences for locations with higher shares of older people.  The importance of family networks for the choice of location is confirmed.    

  • 8.
    Bergman, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Constructing communities: The establishment and demographic development of sawmill communities in the Sundsvall district, 1850-18902010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation studies the establishment and demographic development of the sawmill communities that emerged in the Sundsvall district during the latter half of the 19th century.  The intention is to highlight the importance of the sawmill communities and their resident populations by discussing community construction from a demographic perspective as well as socially and symbolically. Based on church registers, this is a longitudinal study that includes information from 31 individual sawmill communities.

    This study has shown that the establishment and demographic development of the sawmill communities was not an instant process that necessarily followed the construction of the sawmill industries. The prerequisites of the geographical locations and year of establishment influenced population development, but the speed and size of the settlements were individual to each mill site. More prosperous times for the industry during the 1870s resulted in that migration increased consequently leading to quickly populated communities and larger registered core populations in residence.

    Migration to the sawmill communities from within the parishes was infrequent and the geographical backgrounds revealed that an extremely small proportion of the populations had been born within the district, implying a migratory hesitation among locally born. The sawmill populations were male-dominated due to the large groups of temporary workers inhabiting the communities, although, adult males barely made up one-third of the registered populations. The largest demographic group was children aged 0-14 years. The strong presence of children and high proportions of married individuals suggests that the sawmill communities were family oriented communities, more so than non-sawmill areas. Long-time settled families had usually formed kinship networks with other residents.

    This dissertation concludes that while time was important for the development of the sawmill communities, so were the registered populations residing in these communities. Residency would have been key in claiming belonging to the sawmill communities and to be considered as a real sawmill worker. Residency, family and kin therefore contributed to the construction of community structures, geographically, socially and symbolically.

  • 9.
    Blomstedt, Yulia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Emmelin, Maria
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Weinehall, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    What about healthy participants?: the improvement and deterioration of self-reported health at a 10-year follow-up of the Västerbotten Intervention Programme2011In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 4, p. 5435-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The Västerbotten Intervention Programme (VIP) addresses cardiovascular disease and diabetes in the middle-aged population of Västerbotten County, Sweden. Self-reported health (SRH) is one of the risk factors for both conditions. The aim of this study was to analyse the development patterns of SRH among the VIP participants.

    METHODS: Cross-sectional data from 1990 to 2007 were used to analyse the prevalence of poor SRH among 101,396 VIP participants aged 40-60 years. Panel data were used to study the change in SRH among 25,695 persons aged 30-60 years, who participated in the VIP twice within a 10-year interval.

    RESULTS: Prevalence of poor SRH fluctuated between 1990 and 2007 in Västerbotten County. There was a temporary decline around 2000, with SRH continuously improving thereafter. The majority of panel participants remained in good SRH; over half of those with poor or fair SRH at baseline reported better SRH at follow-up. SRH declined in 19% of the panel participants, mostly among those who had good SRH at the baseline. The decline was common among both women and men, in all educational, age and marital status groups.

    CONCLUSIONS: The SRH improvement among those with poor and fair SRH at baseline suggests that VIP has been successful in addressing its target population. However, the deterioration of SRH among 21% of the individuals with good SRH at baseline is of concern. From a public health perspective, it is important for health interventions to address not only the risk group but also those with a healthy profile to prevent the negative development among the seemingly healthy participants.

  • 10.
    Blomstedt, Yulia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Souares, Aurelia
    Niamba, Louis
    Sie, Ali
    Weinehall, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Sauerborn, Rainer
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
    Measuring self-reported health in low-income countries: piloting three instruments in semi-rural Burkina Faso2012In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 5, p. 8488-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: National surveys in low-income countries increasingly rely on self-reported measures of health. The ease, speed, and economy of collecting self-reports of health make such collection attractive for rapid appraisals. However, the interpretation of these measures is complicated since different cultures understand and respond to the same question in different ways. Objective: The aim of this pilot study was to develop a culturally sensitive tool to study the self-reported health (SRH) of the local adult population in Burkina Faso. Design: The study was carried out in the 2009 rainy season. The sample included 27 men and 25 women aged 18 or older who live in semi-urban Nouna, Burkina Faso. Three culturally adapted instruments were tested: a SRH question, a wooden visual analogue scale (VAS), and a drawn VAS. Respondents were asked to explain their answers to each instrument. The narratives were analyzed with the content analysis technique, and the prevalence of poor SRH was estimated from the quantitative data by stratification for respondent background variables (sex, age, literacy, education, marital status, ethnicity, chronic diseases). The correlation between the instruments was tested with Spearman's correlation test. Results: The SRH question showed a 38.5% prevalence of poor SRH and 44.2% prevalence with both VAS. The correlation between the VAS was 0.89, whereas the correlation between the VAS and the SRH question was 0.60-0.64. Nevertheless, the question used as the basis of each instrument was culturally sensitive and clear to all respondents. Analysis of the narratives shows that respondents clearly differentiated between the various health statuses. Conclusion: In this pilot, we developed and tested a new version of the SRH question that may be more culturally sensitive than its non-adapted equivalents. Additional insight into this population's understanding and reporting of health was also obtained. A larger sample is needed to further study the validity and reliability of the SRH question and the VAS and understand which instrument is best suited to study SRH in the low-income setting of semi-rural Burkina Faso.

  • 11.
    Bonita, Ruth
    et al.
    School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand;.
    Brändström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Malmberg, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Linnaeus: Alive and well2011In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 4, p. 5760-2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Boraxbekk, Carl-Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Functional Brain Imaging (UFBI). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Stomby, Andreas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
    Ryberg, Mats
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
    Lindahl, Bernt
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Larsson, Christel
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine. Göteborgs Universitet.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Functional Brain Imaging (UFBI).
    Olsson, Tommy
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
    Diet-Induced Weight Loss alters Functional Brain Responses during an Episodic Memory Task2015In: Obesity Facts, ISSN 1662-4025, E-ISSN 1662-4033, Vol. 8, p. 261-272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: It has been suggested that overweight is negatively associated with cognitive functions. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a reduction in body weight by dietary interventions could improve episodic memory performance and alter associated functional brain responses in overweight and obese women. Methods: 20 overweight postmenopausal women were randomized to either a modified paleolithic diet or a standard diet adhering to the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations for 6 months. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to examine brain function during an episodic memory task as well as anthropometric and biochemical data before and after the interventions. Results: Episodic memory performance improved significantly (p = 0.010) after the dietary interventions. Concomitantly, brain activity increased in the anterior part of the right hippocampus during memory encoding, without differences between diets. This was associated with decreased levels of plasma free fatty acids (FFA). Brain activity increased in pre-frontal cortex and superior/middle temporal gyri. The magnitude of increase correlated with waist circumference reduction. During episodic retrieval, brain activity decreased in inferior and middle frontal gyri, and increased in middle/superior temporal gyri. Conclusions: Diet-induced weight loss, associated with decreased levels of plasma FFA, improves episodic memory linked to increased hippocampal activity.

  • 13.
    Broström, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Event History Analysis with R2012Book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Broström, Göran
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    Brändström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies.
    Persson, Lars-Åke
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences.
    The impact of feeding patterns on infant mortality in a nineteenth century Swedish parish1984In: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, ISSN 0142-6338, E-ISSN 1465-3664, Vol. 30, p. 154-159Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Brändström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Ageing: a cross-cutting research and policy challenge2007In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 225-227Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies.
    Broström, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    Life-histories for nineteenth-century Swedish hospital patients: Chances of survival1989In: Journal of Family History, ISSN 0363-1990, E-ISSN 1552-5473, Vol. 14, p. 195-209Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Demographic Data Base.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Demographic Data Base.
    From the past to the present: dramatic improvements in public health2000In: Public health and health care:  Themebook in: National atlas of Sweden / [ed] Gudrun Lindberg and Måns Rosén, Stockholm: SNA Publ. [Sveriges nationalatlas] , 2000, p. 22-44Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Demographic Data Base.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Demographic Data Base.
    Från dåtid till nutid: dramatiska förbättringar i folkhälsan2000In: Folkhälsa och sjukvård: Temaband, Sveriges nationalatlas / [ed] Gudrun Lindberg och Måns Rosén, Stockholm: Sveriges Nationalatlas , 2000, p. 22-43Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Demographic Data Base. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Edvinsson, SörenUmeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Demographic Data Base.Ericsson, TomUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.Sköld, PeterUmeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.
    Befolkningshistoriska perspektiv: Festskrift till Lars-Göran Tedebrand2004Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Historical Studies.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Demographic Data Base.
    Lindkvist, Marie
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    Rogers, John
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Clustering across generations: a comparative analysis of infant mortality in 19th century Sweden2007In: ESSHC Conference in Lisbon, 26 February-1 March, 2008, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Many studies in the past have emphasized the positive correlation between infant mortality and fertility, but how this operates remain unclear. In this paper, we investigate these interdependent processes using data from the Demographic Data base at Ume{\aa} University. More specifically, we have data from regions in the northern part of Sweden, starting in the fifteenth century and ending around the year 1900. In an earlier paper, we have studied the intergenerational aspects of infant mortality and in this paper we incorporate fertility. We investigate the interaction between the two processes and how patterns are tranferred from generation to generation.

  • 21.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Demographic Data Base.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Demographic Data Base.
    Rogers, John
    Historiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Infant mortality in Sweden: creating regions from 19th century parish data2000In: Historical Methods, ISSN 0161-5440, E-ISSN 1940-1906, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 105-114Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Demographic Data Base.
    Rogers, John
    Broström, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    High risk families: The unequal distribution of infant mortality in nineteenth century Sweden2005In: Population Studies, ISSN 0032-4728, E-ISSN 1477-4747, Vol. 59, no 3, p. 321-337Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Brändström, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Vikström, Pär
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Demographic Data Base.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Demographic Data Base.
    Longitudinal databases - sources for analyzing the life course: Characteristics, difficulties and possibilities2006In: History and computing, ISSN 0957-0144, Vol. 14, no 1 and 2Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Brännlund, Isabelle
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Axelsson, Per
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Reindeer management during the colonization of Sami lands: A long-term perspective of vulnerability and adaptation strategies2011In: Global Environmental Change, ISSN 0959-3780, E-ISSN 1872-9495, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 1095-1105Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reindeer husbandry’s strong connection to the land, together with the ongoing climate-change debate, has generated growing interest in its socio-ecological resilience and vulnerability. The ability of indigenous societies and their activities to respond to change is widely recognized to be dependent on several factors, such as socioeconomic forces and aspects of governance, all of which have long historical backgrounds. However, although historians constantly address questions about human societies, there have been very few historical studies on their resilience, vulnerability and adaptation strategies. Here, using historical so­urces, we analyze the vulnerability of reindeer husbandry (and the Sami societies that depended on it) in Sweden during the 19th century. We demonstrate that although reindeer management was a much more diverse enterprise at that time than it is now, the major adaptation strategy and constraining forces were similar to those of today. The foremost adaptation strategy was, and still is, the flexible use of pasture area, and the clearest constraints during the 19th century were the loss of authority over the land and the imposed regulation of reindeer management – both of which were strongly connected to the process of colonization.    

  • 25.
    Bygren, Lars Olov
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Kaati, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Demographic Data Base.
    Longevity determined by parental ancestors' nutrition during their slow growth period2001In: Acta Biotheoretica, ISSN 0001-5342, E-ISSN 1572-8358, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 53-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social circumstances often impinge on later generations in a socio-economic manner, giving children an uneven start in life. Overfeeding and overeating might not be an exception. The pathways might be complex but one direct mechanism could be genomic imprinting and loss of imprinting. An intergenerational "feedforward" control loop has been proposed, that links grandparental nutrition with the grandchild's growth. The mechanism has been speculated to be a specific response, e.g. to their nutritional state, directly modifying the setting of the gametic imprint on one or more genes. This study raises the question: Can overnutrition during a child's slow growth period trigger such direct mechanisms and partly determine mortality? Data were collected by following-up a cohort born in 1905 in Överkalix parish, northernmost Sweden. The probands were characterised by their parents' or grandparents' access to food during their own slow growth period. Availability of food in the area was defined by referring to historical data on harvests and food prices, records of local community meetings and general historical facts.If there was a surfeit of food in the environment when the paternal grandfather was a 9–12 year old boy a shortening of the proband survival could be demonstrated. The influence of parents', maternal grandparents' and paternal grandmothers' access to food during their slow growth period was discounted in a multivariable analysis. The results are indicative of very early programming mechanisms in human adaptation to the social environment.

  • 26.
    Bygren, Lars Olov
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Kaati, Gunnar
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Pembrey, Marcus E.
    Clinical and Molecular Genetics Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK.
    Epigenetics or ephemeral genetics?: Reply to Senn2006Other (Other academic)
  • 27. Bygren, Lars-Olov
    et al.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Broström, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    Change in food availability during pregnancy, Is it related to adult sudden death from cerebro- and cardiovascular disease in offspring?2000In: American Journal of Human Biology, ISSN 1042-0533, E-ISSN 1520-6300, Vol. 12, p. 447-453Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Carelli, Maria Grazia
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Olsson, Carl-Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Functional Brain Imaging (UFBI). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Neural correlates of time perspective2015In: Time perspective theory: review, research and application: essays in honor of Philip G. Zimbardo / [ed] M. Stolarski, N. Fieulaine, van Beek, W., Berlin: Springer , 2015, p. 231-242Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The primary aim of this chapter is to summarize our present knowledge about the neural correlates of time perspective and related constructs. We first briefly introduce functional magnetic resonance functional magnetic resonance imaging as a suitable technique to understand the underlying neural mechanisms when studying various constructs of time. Then, we discuss how the use of brain imaging techniques has improved our knowledge regarding concepts of time perspective. In this section it becomes evident that most studies have focused on mental time traveling. Finally we introduce a novel line of research in which we try to study neural correlates of time within the context of the Zimbardo framework. By such approach we are able to include the personality-like construct from the ZTPI to further understand the neural correlates of temporal processing.

  • 29.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    A country doctor: health care in a mid-nineteenth-century Swedish remote area2011In: Medicine in the remote and rural North, 1800-2000 / [ed] J. T. H. Connor and Stephan Curtis, London: Pickering & Chatto, 2011, p. 93-114Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Adult mortality and childhood conditions: Long-term effects of urban life in 19th century Sweden2001In: Nordic demography in history and present-day society / [ed] Lars-Göran Tedebrand and Peter Sköld, Umeå: Umeå universitet, Demografiska databasen , 2001, p. 247-268Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Att ha omsorg om sina barn: Traditionens och miljöns betydelse för spädbarnsdödlighet2004In: Befolkningshistoriska perspektiv: Festskrift till Lars-Göran Tedebrand / [ed] Anders Brändström, Sören Edvinsson, Tom Ericsson och Peter Sköld, Umeå: Demografiska databasen, Umeå universitet , 2004, p. 59-84Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Dödlighet och familjebildning under 1600- och 1700-talet: Daniel Larsson, Den dolda transitionen: om ett demografiskt brytningsskede i det tidiga 1700-talets Sverige.2007In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 127, no 1, p. 78-86Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under några decennier har den historie-demografiska forskningen varit livaktig såväl i Sverige som i andra länder. För en tid var forskningsinriktningen representerad vid de flesta svenska lärosäten. Under senare år har emellertid mycket av forskningen koncentrerats till några få ställen i Sverige, framför allt Lund och Umeå. Det är därför glädjande att det nu kommit en avhandling från Göteborg med denna inriktning, nämligen Daniel Larssons Den dolda transitionen. Han tillhör en grupp som inriktar sig på befolkningshistoriska studier vid Göteborgs historiska institution. Det är också glädjande att Larssons avhandling handlar om äldre demografisk historia. Visst har en hel del gjorts, bland annat av Eli F. Heckscher och Nils Friberg, men det som karakteriserat den senare svenska historie-demografiska forskningen har med några undantag varit koncentrationen på tidsperioden efter 1750. En förklaring torde vara att källäget för den perioden har varit så pass mycket bättre. Tabellverket och kyrkobokföringen gör det svenska befolkningshistoriska källmaterialet världsunikt, och informationen i kyrkböckerna har varit lämplig att överföra till databaser. Svensk forskning har, helt naturligt, skördat frukterna där vinsterna varit mest givande. Nackdelen är att man varit alltför ängslig att gå till äldre material som krävt betydligt mer arbete och lösningar av många metodologiska problem. Svenska forskare har inte i tillräcklig utsträckning utnyttjat de källor för äldre tider som ändå finns. Vi har också endast i begränsad omfattning utvecklat metoder för att analysera dessa data. I andra länder har man av nödtvång drivits till att utveckla sina analysmetoder för att över huvud taget kunna säga något om befolkningen i äldre tid.

  • 33.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Fattiga stadsflyttares livsöden: Victoria Nygren, Mellan två samhällen: inflyttat arbetsfolk i Linköping under det förindustriella 1800-talet, Linköping Studies i Arts and Science, 57 (Linköping: Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Linköpings universitet 2009).2010In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 130, no 4, p. 779-785Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Folkhälsans utveckling i Sverige: En historisk översikt. Kunskapsunderlag till 1987 års folkhälsorapport1987Report (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Mortality and the urban environment: Sundsvall in the 1880's1995In: Swedish Urban Demography during Industrialization / [ed] Brändström, Anders och Lars.Göran Tedebrand, Umeå: Demografiska databasen, Umeå universitet , 1995, p. 93-113Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Mortality in old age: The epidemiologic transition among elderly in Sweden 1911-20102012In: European Population Conference: Special theme: Gender, Policies and Population, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Recension av "Life under Pressure": T. Bengtsson, C. Campbell and J. Lee (eds)2006In: Historisk tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, no 2, p. 371-373Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Demographic Data Base.
    Recension av Robert W. Fogel, "The Escape from Hunger and Premature Death, 1700-2100"2006In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 54, no 3, p. 324-325Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Reumatiker och kroniskt sjuka – en anomali i sjukvården?: recension av avhandlingen Vården av de arbetsoförmögna : reumatikervårdens framväxt i den tidiga välfärdsstaten, av Henrik Karlsson, Örebro2013In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 133, no 2, p. 280-286Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Social differences in infant and child mortality in 19th century Sweden2004In: The determinants of infant and child mortality in past European populations / [ed] Marco Breschi and Lucia Pozzi, Udine: Forum , 2004, p. 67-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Stor syskonskara avskräcker inte2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 42.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Demographic Data Base.
    The Demographic Data Base at Umeå University: A resource for historical studies2000In: Handbook of International Historical Microdata for Population Research / [ed] Patricia Kelly Hall, Robert McCaa, Gunnar Thorvaldsen, Minneapolis: Minnesota Population Center , 2000, p. 231-248Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    The history of health and mortality. What can micro-data tell us?2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Urban health and social class1993In: Health and Social Change: Disease, health and public care in the Sundsvall district 1750-1950 / [ed] Brändström, Anders och Lars-Göran Tedebrand, Umeå: Demografiska databasen, Umeå universitet , 1993, p. 55-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Är barns liv tryggare nu?2009In: Populär historia, ISSN 1102-0822, no 11, p. 56-57Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 46.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Broström, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).
    A parametric model for old age mortality in mediation analysis2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Broström, Göran
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Statistics.
    Old age, health and social inequality: exploring the social patterns of mortality in 19th Century Northern Sweden2012In: Demographic Research, ISSN 1435-9871, Vol. 26, p. 23-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND

    Social position is one of the major determinants of health. Less is known about its effect in historical contexts. Previous studies have shown surprisingly small effects of social class in working age populations. Not much is known about social differences in health among the elderly in history.

    OBJECTIVE

    The present paper analyses social differences in health among the elderly (60+) in the Sundsvall region in northern Sweden during the 19th century. We investigate whether social mortality differences are particularly apparent in old age when unpropertied groups lost their most important asset for survival: their capacity to work.

    METHODS

    The data, representing 9,535 fatal events, are analysed using a Cox regression model, assuming proportional hazards.

    RESULTS

    Social class had no significant effect for women during the pre-industrial period, while only those with unknown social position had higher mortality among men. During the industrial period female mortality was lowest in the skilled working class and highest in the upper class. Social position was not significant for men in the full model. Urban mortality was 30% higher for women and 59% higher for men during the pre-industrial period compared to the peripheral parishes.

    CONCLUSIONS

    The results lead us to question the accepted 'fact' of social health differences as a historical constant. Higher social position did not lead to better survival, and social differences in mortality did not increase in old age, despite the fact that the elderly were a highly vulnerable group. Instead, the spatial aspects of mortality were important, particularly during the pre-industrial period.

  • 48.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Brändström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Folkhälsans historia från 1870 till nutid1997In: Sundsvalls historia del 2 / [ed] Lars-Göran Tedebrand, Sundsvall: Stadshistoriska Kommittén , 1997Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Brändström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies (CPS).
    Folkhälsans utveckling - tiden före 18701996In: Sundsvalls historia del 1 / [ed] Lars-Göran Tedebrand, Sundsvall: Stadshistoriska kommittén , 1996Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Edvinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies.
    Brändström, Anders
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Population Studies.
    Rogers, John
    Uppsala universitet.
    Did Midwives Make a Difference?: A study of infant mortality in nineteenth century Sweden2008In: Se människan: Demografi, rätt och hälsa - en vänbok till Jan Sundin, Linköping, 2008, p. 131-150Chapter in book (Other academic)
12345 1 - 50 of 220
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