Digitala Vetenskapliga Arkivet

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  • 1.
    Aakhus, Mark
    et al.
    Rutgers University.
    Ågerfalk, Pär
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Lennmyr, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care.
    Digital Innovation as Design of Digital Practice: Doctors as Designers in Healthcare2018In: Proceedings of the 51st Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS), 2018, p. 4594-4601Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Medical professionals are increasingly assuming the role of maker and creator. At the same time, digital innovations, as part of evolving information infrastructures, are becoming increasingly prevalent in healthcare. In this paper, we adopt a Schönian approach to understand how a medical professional, who is not an IS designer by trade, engages in the design of digital practice - turning what may appear as a failed digital innovation effort into a successful design of digital practice. Our inquiry suggests three pragmatic principles that call for further investigation: (a) professionals can make a significant contribution to design work by inventing means for fact-based, reflective engagement with the situation; (b) the reorganization of work practice involves organizational design, information system design, and communication design; and (c) developing design as digital practice entails the development of fact-based design practice and must engage practical theories.

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  • 2.
    Abdallah, Lana
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Sustainability Impacts of Satellite Internet: Digital Inclusion vs Environmental Sustainability2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An estimated 450 million people globally do not have access to a fixed or mobile broadband signal. Recently satellite communication companies announced the concept of Megaconstellations which are large networks of inexpensive low Earth-orbiting satellites. These constellations aim to provide internet access across the planet. Many people believe these constellations will offer an opportunity to bridge the digital divide between developed and developing countries. However, according to the UN development agenda, it is crucial to harmonize three core elements: economic growth, social inclusion, and environmental protection, while achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Although many are enthusiastic about the possibility of closing the digital gap, some researchers have concerns about the environmental impacts of these mega-constellations. Some studies explored howsatellites’ mega-constellations would increase the collision rate among space objects. This by increased amount of space debris which would negatively impact the Low Earth Orbit and the planet and thereby would be inconsistent with environmental sustainability. This study aims to investigate this claim by examining the impacts of future capabilities of satellites on offering inclusive healthcare and education systems while investigating their environmental impacts. 

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  • 3.
    Abdul Hussein, Mohamed
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Bogren, William
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Social Media's Take on Deepfakes: Ethical Concerns in the Public Discourse2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid advancement of artificial intelligence has led to the emergence of deepfake, digital media that has been manipulated to replace a person's likeness with another. This technology has seen significant improvements, becoming easier to use and producing results increasingly difficult to distinguish from reality. This development has raised ethical discussions surrounding its deceiving nature. Furthermore, deepfakes have had a considerable impact and application on social media, enabling their spread. Despite this, the public discourse on social media, along with its societal and personal values associated with deepfakes, remains underexplored. This study addresses this gap by examining social media discourse and perception surrounding the prominent ethical concerns of deepfakes, and situating these concerns within the broader landscape of AI ethics. Through a qualitative method resembling netnography, 320 posts from Reddit and Youtube were thematically analyzed through a passive observation, along with their respective comment section. The findings reveal various concerns, surrounding misinformation and consent to deeper fears about deepfakes' role in fostering distrust, as well as more abstract apprehensions regarding the technology's abuse and harmful applications. These concerns further revealed how generalized established AI ethical principles might be interpreted in the deepfake context, also showing how and why these principles might be violated by this technology. Particularly it revealed terms how principles such as dignity, transparency, privacy and non-maleficence might be diverged in deepfake applications.

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    Social Media's Take on Deepfakes: Ethical Concerns in the Public Discourse
  • 4.
    Abramian, Fredrik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Wedholm, Joel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    BYOD och Cloud Computing: En vägledande studie för hur BYOD bör bedrivas säkert tillsammans med cloud computing2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to gain a richer insight into how information security is affected by Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) in combination with cloud computing. This study has come to its conclusion by performing interviews and sending out questionaries that has later been analyzed using current theory. A specification has been established out of this and will serve as a guiding contribution for organisations.

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    BYOD och Cloud Computing
  • 5.
    Ackerstierna, Linda
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Söder, Mikka
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    The Future of Podcasts: A Case Study based on Usability Heuristics of a Podcast Service User Interface of an iOS Application2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the Usability of the podcast service User Interface (UI) of the iOS app Aftonbladet. The method used originates from a heuristic evaluation technique where semi- structured interviews were conducted with users of the podcast service to explore the usability and to find usability problems. The conducted interviews determined that there existed usability problems with the UI and thus, usability heuristics have been violated in the UI.

     

    Nielsen’s Ten Usability Heuristics for User Interface Design and Nielsen’s Severity Ratings for Usability Problems are applied to the interview answers for evaluating the usability of the podcast service UI.

     

    The heuristics that are interpreted as being of critical importance are:

     

    • Heuristic 3. User Control and Freedom 
    • Heuristic 4. Consistency and Standards 
    • Heuristic 5. Error Prevention 
    • Heuristic 6. Recognition rather than Recall 
    • Heuristic 7. Flexibility and Efficiency of Use 
    • Heuristic 8. Aesthetic and Minimalist Design 
    • Heuristic 10. Help and Documentation   

    Three out of the ten heuristics were not of critical importance: 

     

    • Heuristic 1. Visibility of System Status 
    • Heuristic 2. Match Between System and Real World 
    • Heuristic 9. Help Users Recognize, Recover and Diagnose from Errors 
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  • 6.
    Aizezi, Zulifuyemu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Identifying Mobile Phone Usability Issues in Informal Swedish Language Learning:What users think about it?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies the usability issues of the mobile phone in informal Swedish language learning. The concept of usability is defined by expanding the technical usability attributes of Jakob Nielsen with other recent attributes derived from considering the technical aspects of mobile learning (m-learning). Thus, the ultimate structure of the usability factors that are discussed in this study consists of: accessibility, easy-to-learn, technical design, efficiency and satisfaction. With the support of the relevant previous literature and interview, we research this topic by considering the mobile-assisted language learning (MALL), informal language-learning and usability elements, in order to explore and identify the usability of mobile phone. The goal of this study is to contribute to detailed understanding of mobile phone usage, further identify the usability issues of mobile phones by obtaining both critical and commendatory feedbacks and reflections from the users. For final results, through qualitative research approach, we offered several findings regarding the mobile phone usability with specified reasons.

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    Identifying mobile phone usability issues in informal Swedish language learning: What users think about it?
  • 7.
    Al Shehabi, Ahmad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Decision-making AI in digital games2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The field of artificial intelligence has gained much knowledge through the implementation of decision-making systems in video games. One of these systems was the Goal Oriented Action Planning system (GOAP) which directs the behavior of an AI-agent through multiple digital artifacts categorized as goals, actions, and plans. The aim of the thesis is to aid in the understanding and creation of GOAP driven AI-agents in a video game setting to promote research on this topic. The research question of this thesis was about finding out how the GOAP architecture compares to other video game decision-making systems. The theoretical framework introduces the concept of the illusion of intelligence in video games and presents a discussion focused on the different components which make up a GOAP system and other components that support it. Additionally, the theoretical framework explains the need for a comparison between different decision-making systems and explains the social impact of game AI research. The methods section introduces the criteria for the comparison between GOAP and other decision-making systems and presents a comparison process that was driven by a literature review. A GOAP system was designed for this thesis using the unified modeling language and concept maps. It was then implemented using C# code in a free-of-charge game engine called Unity. We present the pseudocode for the implementation of the GOAP system and show that this framework is a modular, customizable, and reusable system that enables AI-agents to create plans from a varied set of actions. Finally, the paper suggests further research within game decision-making AI and emphasizes the importance of game AI research for communities of game developers, hobbyists, and others who could benefit from game AI in their projects. 

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    Decision-making AI in digital games
  • 8.
    Albertsson, Eric
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Archer, William
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Är bloatwares prestandapåverkan på telefoner märkbar av användare och kan det öka deras benägenhet att köpa en ny mobil?2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bloatware är förinstallerade applikationer som i många fall kan vara svåra att avinstallera. Målet med denna studie är att undersöka om bloatware påverkar användarens upplevda prestanda av sin mobiltelefon, samt hur en upplevd försämring av mobilens prestanda påverkar en individs benägenhet att investera i en ny mobiltelefon. Tidigare forskning ger inte en universal definition av prestanda, varpå denna studie sammanställer ett ramverk för prestanda av mobiltelefoner som batteritid, responstid och lagringsutrymme. Begränsat lagringsutrymme, långsam responstid och förkortad batteritid påverkar alla telefonens prestanda negativt. Studien genomfördes med hjälp av en enkätundersökning om användares upplevelser med sina mobiltelefoner och resultaten fördjupades med hjälp av versions- och lagringsdata för bloatwareapplikationer och androidtelefoner från en sekundär källa. Studien konkluderar att bloatware påverkar den upplevda prestandan genom batteritid, responstid och lagringsutrymme, samt att detta, framförallt sett till responstid, leder till en ökad benägenhet att investera i en ny mobiltelefon. Bloatware har möjligheten att påverka användares upplevelser och investeringsvilja med sina mobiltelefoner samtidigt som det inte går att fastställa att bloatware är den enda bidragande faktorn till den upplevda prestandaförsämringen.  

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  • 9.
    Allard, Niklas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Cagenius, Eric
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Virtual teams, the new norm?: A study on the effects of becoming a virtual team.2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The COVID-19 pandemic has ensued a wave of work teams making the shift from the office to working entirely virtually. At the centre of this shift are the people. The people are at the heart of any team, and thus this thesis sets out to create a greater understanding of how the leaders and members of three project teams have fared with the shift from working collocated toovirtually. Three interviews consisting of one leader and two team members were conducted per team, totalling nine interviews. The empirical findings were analyzed through the lens of a theoretical framework with a focus on uncovering why, how, and what implications the effects of virtuality have on various team processes. The results show that most challenges pertain to the increased autonomy of team members created by using ICT, and that the role of leadership has been heavily affected with a clear preference for task-focused leadership with relationshipand trust-building not being deemed critical. Multiple team processes have all been affected to a greater or lesser extent, with team members finding themselves having to deal with new requirements being imposed on them as part of the shared leadership that is taking form.

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  • 10.
    Almqvist, Eliot
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Sandgren, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Hög tid för riskidentifiering: när bank- och försäkringsbolag migrerar sina lokala applikationer till molnet2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Banking and insurance companies in the Swedish market are moving away from their traditional local applications and have started the big migration to the cloud. Many difficulties need to be considered and the purpose of this study was therefore to contribute with knowledge about which risks can be identified to the execution of moving local applications to a cloud environment. Nine semi-structured interviews were conducted on respondents in different organizational roles, at different companies, with insight and knowledge of the risks of migration from different perspectives. The material was then analyzed abductively. The study confirms risks identified by previous research and identifies two new risks. Among a total of nine identified risks, risks related to information security, lost access to data, competence, the financial, and legal and regulatory compliance were the most prominent. The study concludes with suggestions for future research.

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  • 11.
    Alnebo, Carl
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Svensson, Christoffer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Beyond the hype: A study of non-user perspectives2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's rapid technological development in relation with social networks create efficient information flows in everyday life. It creates conditions for so-called "hypes" that are described as an exponentially growing trend of testing a new product. What factors lies behind a hype and how does it affect people that choose to refrain from new technology?

     

    The purpose of this paper is to study the so called non-users, with a case study that concerns the Pokémon GO game and its hype in the summer of 2016. This case study has the intention to highlight the positive and negative aspects of non-users and other thoughts about hype. The study also intends to investigate what the non-users can contribute in technological development and if it's possible to distinguish between users and non-users in today's society.

     

    The case study has been carried out on the basis of two group interviews; a group that abstained from playing and a group that played Pokémon GO during the hype. A number of issues are discussed and linked against a theoretical framework which also has been used in the analysis in this paper. Based on the results of the case study it appears that nostalgia was a major factor in the hype, many had prior knowledge of the concept and was triggered by it. Nostalgia was also a factor that lead people to refrain from the hype. The game did not meet up to everyone’s expectations regarding the functionality which existed earlier in Pokémon but not now.  It also emerged that the social environment affects both users and non-users in several ways. The investigation of the case study showed that non-users often had to wait for players due to different reasons. This could be while on walks with the player or that users could completely block roads. To be able completely separating non-users and users is complex as the real world is used as the platform of the game. Both previous studies and this paper demonstrates how important it can be to understand non-users. They have the opportunity to present an overall perspective of a product that users might condone. In summary, the future will become more complex in the area, especially with new technologies that make the real world a game field.

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  • 12.
    Amid, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Landgren, Sara
    Ur slutanvändarnas perspektiv: Införandet av ett hälsoinformationssystem2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13.
    Amirian, Ariga
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    E-handel: Jämförelse av användning & utveckling av e-handel mellan Iran och Sverige2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 14.
    Andersson, Markus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Vilmusenaho, Viktor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Vem använder lösenordshanterare?: En undersökning av demografiska variablers påverkan på användning av lösenordshanterare2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Password managers have been available for a long time, and there has been a lot of research showing that these tools are not commonly used. Their functionality helps the usertobothgenerateandsaveuniqueandstrongpasswordsforeachindividualauthentication online. We conduct a quantitative investigation where we create a survey based on related research and a modified version of the Technology Acceptance Model. The dataforourquantitativeanalysisweregatheredbypublishingasurveyontheplattform Reddit.com. Thisdatawerethereafteranalysedusingstatisticalmethods,whereanumber of statistically significant differences were found. We found that gender, geographic location,amountofuniquepasswordsandcomputerprofiencyallhadsignificanteffects on either the actual system use or on the attitude towards the system. These results are evaluated by relating them to the presented theories and related research.

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  • 15.
    Andriopoulos, Thanos
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women's and children's health), Clinical Psychology in Healthcare.
    Olsson, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women's and children's health), Clinical Psychology in Healthcare.
    Hägg Sylvén, Ylva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women's and children's health), Clinical Psychology in Healthcare.
    Sjöström, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Johansson, Birgitta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Experimental and Clinical Oncology.
    von Essen, Louise
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women's and children's health), Clinical Psychology in Healthcare.
    Grönqvist, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women's and children's health), Clinical Psychology in Healthcare.
    Commencement of and Retention in Web-Based Interventions and Response to Prompts and Reminders: Longitudinal Observational Study Based on Two Randomized Controlled Trials2021In: Journal of Medical Internet Research, E-ISSN 1438-8871, Vol. 23, no 3, article id e24590Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Web-based interventions are effective for several psychological problems. However, recruitment, adherence, and missing data are challenges when evaluating these interventions. Objective: This study aimed to describe the use patterns during the commencement phase, possible retention patterns (continuation of data provision), and responses to prompts and reminders among participants in 2 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating web-based interventions. Methods: Data on use patterns logged in 2 RCTs aiming to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression among adult patients recently diagnosed with cancer (AdultCan RCT) and patients with a recent myocardial infarction (Heart RCT) were analyzed. The web-based intervention in the AdultCan trial consisted of unguided self-help and psychoeducation and that in the Heart trial consisted of therapist-supported cognitive behavioral therapy. In total, 2360 participants' use patterns at first log-in, including data collection at baseline (ie, commencement) and at 2 follow-ups, were analyzed. Both the intervention and comparison groups were analyzed. Results: At commencement, 70.85% (909/1283) and 86.82% (935/1077) of the participants in AdultCan and Heart RCTs, respectively, logged in and completed baseline data collection after receiving a welcome email with log-in credentials. The median duration of the first log-in was 44 minutes and 38 minutes in AdultCan and Heart RCTs, respectively. Slightly less than half of the participants' first log-ins were completed outside standard office hours. More than 80% (92/114 and 103/111) of the participants in both trials explored the intervention within 2 weeks of being randomized to the treatment group, with a median duration of 7 minutes and 47 minutes in AdultCan and Heart RCTs, respectively. There was a significant association between intervention exploration time during the first 2 weeks and retention in the Heart trial but not in the AdultCan trial. However, the control group was most likely to retain and provide complete follow-up data. Across the 3 time points of data collection explored in this study, the proportion of participants responding to all questionnaires within 1 week from the prompt, without a reminder, varied between 35.45% (413/1165) and 66.3% (112/169). After 2 reminders, up to 97.6% (165/169) of the participants responded. Conclusions: Most participants in both RCTs completed the baseline questionnaires within 1 week of receiving the welcome email. Approximately half of them answered questions at baseline data collection outside office hours, suggesting that the time flexibility inherent in web-based interventions contributes to commencement and use. In contrast to what was expected, the intervention groups generally had lower completion rates than the comparison groups. About half of the participants completed the questionnaires without a reminder, but thereafter, reminders contributed to both baseline and follow-up retention, suggesting they were effective. Strategies to increase commencement of and retention in eHealth interventions are important for the future development of effective interventions and relevant research.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 16.
    Angerbjörn, Josefin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Medvetenhet kring lösenordssäkerhet- och hantering: Är ålder en avgörande faktor?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Medvetenhet kring lösenordssäkerhet- och hantering: Är ålder en avgörande faktor?
  • 17.
    Apelthun, Henrietta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Health data sharing and privacy among older people using smartwatches2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Smartwatches can collect health data, location data and other sensitive information about users, and privacy concerns arise. This thesis aimed to investigate how older people (50-80 years old) in Sweden behave when it comes to privacy and health data. The data were analyzed according to the privacy paradox, which describes the discrepancy between how people behave and how they intend to behave in relation to risk and trust. The research approach was qualitative, and twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted. The interviews were coded and thematized following the chosen theory. Among the twelve participants in the study, a majority did not see, understand, or behave consciously towards the risks of sharing health data. Instead, trust was related to both the disclosure behavior and the intentional behavior among several of the participants in this study. This study indicates that for some of the participants, there are also other factors that determine their behavior, and the privacy paradox alone is not complete. Four of the findings when it comes to participants' behavior towards their health data and privacy were: trust-based decisions, lack of knowledge, low value of personal data, and value benefits more than privacy. Among several of the participants in this study, when trust towards an actor increase, the participant’s risk awareness decreases. It can be discussed whether the participants in the study value the opportunities more than the risks, and this impacts their behavior. Most of the participants think that sharing location data infringes more on their privacy than sharing health data, and self-education might be a reason the behavior and the level of privacy differ among the participants. 

  • 18.
    Aqeel, Muhammad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Internet of Things: Systematic literature review of security and future research2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of billions of devices, people and services to

    Interconnect and exchange information and useful data. The IoT applications are highly affirming to increase the level of comfort, efficiency and automations for the user. The high level of security and privacy, authentication and recovery from the attacks is required to implement IoT automated world. In this thesis I am presenting an overview of IoT layer architecture and attacks regarding security from the layer’s perspective. In addition, this thesis will provide an overview to solve the security and privacy threats. Furthermore, this paper discusses the current state of research on IoT security requirements and future research directions with respect to IoT security and privacy, a detailed review of the security challenges and sources of threat in the IoT applications is presented. Finally, this thesis presents the security issues, various emerging and existing technologies focused on achieving a high degree of trust in the IoT applications.

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  • 19.
    Armijo Gustafsson, Robert
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Ali, Samer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Diabetessjuksköterskans syn på e-Hälsa och kroppsnära teknik: En studie i användbarhet och påverkan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion. Större mängd tekniska lösningar tillkommer ständigt diabetessjuksköterskans arbetsplats. Deras arbetsroll har utvecklats genom tiden och får nu även en roll som teknisk förmedlare till patienten. Detta ställer högre krav på sjuksköterskan att ha tillräckligt med kunskap om diverse e-hälsosystem och kroppsnära tekniker med en utbildningsform som inte hänger med. Syfte. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur diabetessjuksköterskan påverkas av e-hälsosystem och kroppsnära teknik och hur de uppfattar användbarheten i systemen. Metod. En empirisk studie utfördes och sex diabetessjuksköterskor intervjuades på ett semistrukturerat sätt. Resultat. Resultatet visar att diabetessjuksköterskan arbetsuppgifter påverkas av e-hälsosystem och de tekniska lösningar som har tillkommit deras yrke. Användbarheten i majoriteten av systemen som används är bristfällig och utbildning i diverse system är begränsad. Konklusion. Diabetessjuksköterskan måste börja få vara mer delaktig i utvecklingen och implementationen av diverse tekniker som ska vara en del av arbetsuppgifterna. Samt måste tillräckligt med utbildning införas för att de tekniska lösningarna ska ha en god påverkan på sjuksköterskans arbetsroll och bättre användbarhet kan uppnås.

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  • 20.
    Aronsson Bünger, Morgan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Exploring User Trust in Natural Language Processing Systems: A Survey Study on ChatGPT Users2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ChatGPT has become a popular technology among people and gained a considerable user base, because of its power to effectively generate responses to users requests. However, as ChatGPT’s popularity has grown and as other natural language processing systems (NLPs) are being developed and adopted, several concerns have been raised about the technology that could have implications on user trust. Because trust plays a central role in user willingness to adopt artificial intelligence (AI) systems and there is no consensus in research on what facilitates trust, it is important to conduct more research to identify the factors that affect user trust in artificial intelligence systems, especially modern technologies such as NLPs. The aim of the study was therefore to identify the factors that affect user trust in NLPs. The findings from the literature within trust and artificial intelligence indicated that there may exist a relationship between trust and transparency, explainability, accuracy, reliability, automation, augmentation, anthropomorphism and data privacy. These factors were quantitatively studied together in order to uncover what affects user trust in NLPs. The result from the study indicated that transparency, accuracy, reliability, automation, augmentation, anthropomorphism and data privacy all have a positive impact on user trust in NLPs, which both supported and opposed previous findings from literature. 

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  • 21.
    Arwén, David
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Rydman, Melker
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    AI inom kreativa processer: Möjligheter och utmaningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Artificiell intelligens blir allt mer vanligt inom fler och fler områden. Ett område där tekniken är relativt ny är inom kreativa processer och kreativa områden. Detta arbete är en kvalitativ studie av explorativ karaktär, som undersöker hur AI kan användas inom dessa kreativa processer samt vilka möjligheter och utmaningar som uppkommer av det.

    Tre intervjuer har genomförts med personer som har god och aktuell kunskap inom ämnet. Det insamlade materialet har sedan analyserats med den kreativa processen som ramverk. Resultatet visar att AI i vissa steg av processen kan användas, dels för att underlätta men också för att effektivisera densamma. I andra steg har utvecklingen av AI inte kommit tillräckligt långt för att bidra med något värde eller erbjuda någonting som utvecklar eller gör processen lättare. Vidare har resultatet visat att inställningen till användandet kan bli en avgörande faktor för fortsatt utveckling och användning, men även att möjligheterna är fler än utmaningarna.

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  • 22.
    Asgeirsdottir, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Johansson, Patricia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Etiska problem vid användning av kontaktspårningsapplikationer: En kvalitativ litteraturstudie2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the outbreak of covid-19, contact tracing applications (CTA) were introduced as they have been proven to be an effective tool for contact tracing and thereby reduce the spread of infection. With Bluetooth signals, CTA can determine an individual’s positioning and which people they have been in contact with. This means that personal data about its users is collected, managed, and stored. CTA depends on a high level of acceptance and usage to function effectively. In previous research studies, attention is thus drawn to the fact that ethics linked to these applications need to be enlightened. Therefore, this study aims to shed light on the ethical problems associated with CTA. The study is designed as a literature review with a qualitative content analysis. The result consists of a compilation of the ethical problems linked to CTA based on the categories in the PAPA framework. The compilation shows that there are many ethical problems linked to CTA that need to be addressed and it also shows that it is largely the same ethical problems that arise and are relevant in IS today, as it has been in the field for decades since PAPA was created.

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  • 23.
    Back, Hampus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Fischer, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    ChatGPT som socialt disruptiv teknologi: En fallstudie om studierektorers inställning till ChatGPT och dess påverkan på utbildning2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The technology development of large language models has recently received attention through the launch of OpenAI’s ChatGPT. There have been discussions of what this means for society overall, but also how the education at universities is affected. The purpose of this study was to study how much impact these tools have on education at Uppsala University. Five directors of studies from different departments have been interviewed. The data was then analyzed using the theory of socially disruptive technologies to investigate the degree of impact. The result shows that it is mainly examinations that have been affected, where some principals have had to remove or will remove homework assignments as a consequence of ChatGPT. Differences in change management exist between different institutions, which seem to be partly due to the lack of guidelines, but also due to educational structure and personal commitment. However, no systematic differences can be determined between the different parts of the university. Furthermore, there have been discussions about broader questions about the students' learning and how one should relate to the development as a director of studies. 

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  • 24.
    Bapira, Fatin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Business - IT Alignment: En litteraturstudie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25.
    Beard, Simon
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Boman, Julius
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Cloud Migration Strategies: Identifiering, kartläggning och jämförelse av Cloud Migration Strategies2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Cloud Computing är en tjänstemodell som ger användare tillgång till virtuella dataresurser, såsom lagringsutrymme och processorkraft över internet. Cloud Computing förknippas med fördelar, däribland elasticitet, skalbarhet och kostnadseffektivitet. Därför föreligger det ett intresse bland organisationer och företag att förflytta mjukvarusystem och andra IT-resurser från en fysisk till en virtuell miljö. Denna process kallas för Cloud Migration, vilket kantas av problem beträffande hur denna process skall gå tillväga. Därför tillämpas Cloud Migration Strategies för att råda bot på problem som Cloud Migration kantas av. Emellertid förekommer det flera olika Cloud Migration Strategies. Därför är syftet med denna uppsats är att identifiera, kartlägga och jämföra Cloud Migration Strategies härledda från vetenskaplig litteratur publicerade mellan år 2015 och 2020. Detta för att skapa ett vetenskapligt bidrag som kan ge en övergripande bild av likheter och skillnader mellan identifierade och kartlagda Cloud Migration Strategies. Insamlingen av strategier har genomförts i enlighet med Systematic Mapping Process. Denna process resulterade i 15 identifierade strategier som kartlades utifrån tre kategorier: (i) typ av strategi, (ii) tillvägagångssätt och (iii) typ av slutprodukt. Därefter analyserades kartlagda strategier utifrån en komparativ metod. Utifrån jämförelsen kan man dra slutsatsen att det förekommer både likheter och skillnader mellan kartlagda Cloud Migration Strategies. Likheter då strategierna tar avstamp i motsvarande problemområde och skillnader då angreppssätten är förhållandevis varierande.

  • 26.
    Belay, Aklilu Taye
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    The Contribution of Collaborative Tools and Technologies in Facilitating Tacit Healthcare Knowledge Sharing amongst Clinicians: In the Case of Akadamiska Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Healthcare is a knowledge-intensive field. A significant quantum of extremely vital and viable healthcare knowledge exists in a tacit form, yet due to various operational and technical reasons such healthcare knowledge is not entirely utilized and put into professional practice. The strong increase in expert work and knowledge-intensive fields make examining the topic timely and hypothetically interesting.The most significant contribution of this study is the increase in understanding, as well as, tacit healthcare knowledge sharing amongst physicians and clinicians with the type of collaborative tools and technologies they have at their disposal. Collaborative tools and technologies help employees of an organization work closely with their colleagues, partner organization and other volunteers as tacit healthcare knowledge sharing among clinicians such as sharing of best practices, tips and tricks, inter professional collaborative networking, clinical experiences and skills are known to have a significant impact on the quality of medical diagnosis and decisions.This paper posits that collaboration tools and technologies can provide new opportunities for tacit healthcare knowledge sharing amongst health-experts, and demonstrates this by presenting findings from a review of relevant literature and a survey conducted with Medical Doctors who have moderate to high interaction with collaborative tools and technologies in the healthcare industry. Semi-structure interviews were conducted with health-experts (Medical Doctors and clinicians) of Akademiska Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden. Final thematic analysis unveiled six themes as potential contributors of collaborative tools and technologies in facilitating tacit healthcare knowledge sharing among clinicians. The newly developed themes are described and interpreted briefly; extensive literature review has been carried out to relate the emerged themes with the literatures and part of interview participant responses are supported as well. Finally this research suggests further empirical studies shall be conducted to acknowledge this study.

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  • 27. Bengtsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Eriksson Lundström, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Sjöström, Sofie
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Ozan, Håkan
    Sustainability impact of open innovation software2012In: Proceedings of the XXIII ISPIM Conference  Action for Innovation: Innovating from Experience, Barcelona, Spain, 17-20 June 2012., 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Bengtsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Ågerfalk, Pär
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Information technology as a change actant in sustainability innovation: Insights from Uppsala2011In: Journal of strategic information systems, ISSN 0963-8687, E-ISSN 1873-1198, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 96-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the effects of a sustainability initiative in a Swedish municipality viewed through the lens of actor network theory. The focus is on the consequences of committing to the implementation of a reporting and analysis system for IT-supported sustainability. This commitment involves several actor networks, both internal and external to the municipality. The study shows that, to implement successfully a sustainability initiative, a thorough understanding of organizational routines and standards is required to enrol the affected stakeholders. Information systems can play a central role as tools for improving sustainability indicators and routines, thereby constituting important change actants.

  • 29.
    Bennich-Björkman, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    A comprehensive summary and categorization of physical quantity libraries2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In scientific applications, physical quantities and units of measurement are used regularly. If the inherent incompatibility between these different units is not handled properly it can lead to major, and sometimes catastrophic, problems. Although the risk of a miscalculation is high and the cost equally so, almost no programming languages has support for physical quantities. Instead developers often rely on external libraries to help them spot these mistakes or prevent them all together.

    There are several hundred of these types of libraries, spread across multiple sites and with no simple way to get an overview. No one has summarized what has and has not been achieved so far in the area leading to many developers trying to ‘reinvent the wheel’ instead of building on what has already been done. This shows a clear need for this type of research.

    Employing a systematic approach to look through and analyze all available physical quantity libraries, the search results were condensed into 82 libraries which are presented in this thesis. These are the most comprehensive and well-developed, open-source libraries, chosen from approximately 3700 search results across seven repository hosting sites. In this group, 30 different programming languages are represented. The goal is for the results of this thesis to contribute to a shared foundation on which to build future libraries as well as provide an easy way of spreading knowledge about which libraries exist in the area, thus making it easier for more people to use them.

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  • 30.
    Bennich-Björkman, Oscar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    McKeever, Steve
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    The Next 700 Unit of Measurement Checkers2018In: Proceedings of the 11th ACM SIGPLAN International Conference on Software Language Engineering (SLE '18), New York, NY, USA: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2018, , p. 12p. 121-132Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In scientific applications, physical quantities and units of measurement are used regularly. If the inherent incompatibility between these units is not handled properly it can lead to major, sometimes catastrophic, problems. Although the risk of a miscalculation is high and the cost equally so, almost none of the major programming languages has support for physical quantities. Instead, scientific code developers often make their own tools or rely on external libraries to help them spot or prevent these mistakes. We employed a systematic approach to examine and analyse all available physical quantity open-source libraries. Approximately 3700 search results across seven repository hosting sites were condensed into a list of 82 of the most comprehensive and well-developed libraries currently available. In this group, 30 different programming languages are represented. Out of these 82 libraries, 38 have been updated within the last two years. These 38 are summarised in this paper as they are deemed the most relevant. The conclusion we draw from these results is that there is clearly too much diversity, duplicated efforts, and a lack of code sharing and harmonisation which discourages use and adoption.

  • 31.
    Berg, Viktoria
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Lindvall, Samuel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Algoritmiskt beslutsfattande i rekryteringsprocesser: En fallstudie om outreach-algoritmer och deras orsakande av partiska utfall2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Along with the increasing use of tools for AI and algorithmic decision-making (ADM) in recruitment processes, several practical examples have shown how candidates are at risk of being unfairly treated, due to algorithms making biased decisions. Although the tools often are marketed as promoting increased objectivity and fairness, which is one of the reasons many companies choose the tool in the first place. Especially tools used for candidate searching (outreach tools), systems for automated advertisement, matching and headhunting may be the root of bias. Despite recent years’ extensive research on algorithmic bias in outreach tools, there is a lack of studies that clarify the causes of these tools resulting in bias, particularly concerning the causes that could be derived from the recruiters’ use of the tools. Due to this lack, there is a risk that the recruiters’ awareness of their own role in the bias is low. This leads to a risk that they will keep using the algorithms in a biased manner, which in turn could result in a failure to live up to their own vision of increased fairness in the recruitment process. The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential causes of bias, which could be relevant for the recruiters to consider. The purpose of the result is to increase awareness in this group and contribute to usage of the algorithms in ways that will promote rather than inhibit fairness. The study is based on the framework Fair AI, by Feuerriegel et al (2020), which encapsulates the meaning of fairness and unfairness in context of algorithmic decision making. A case study has been used, where an inductive approach and a document analysis contributed to scientific basis regarding the causes of algorithmic bias. A thematic analysis has been realized to translate the general framework to context specific conclusions. 

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  • 32.
    Bergdahl, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    The AI Revolution: A study on the present and future application and value of AI in the context of ERP systems2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Business leaders around the world are expressing equal amounts of excitement and urgency for implementing artificial intelligence (AI) technologies. Yet the upcoming AI revolution is clouded with uncertainties and misconceptions. In this thesis, the business value and application potential of AI were studied in a context of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems through a case study at a consultancy firm with small- to midsize clients. Three research questions were posed and answered: how can, or do, organizational processes covered by ERP systems benefit from AI, what AI features do customers typically request when ordering ERP systems, and is AI adopted with the purpose of reducing costs or increasing revenue?

    Using a framework for data analysis, multiple organizational processes covered by ERP systems were explored through interviews with ERP experts. The results indicated that small- and midsize companies were still primarily requesting and working to implement basic, incremental AI with the purpose of reducing costs through automations. Future leaders may instead need to implement AI that fundamentally reinvents their business processes, with the purpose of increasing revenue through augmentations. Overall, while some organizational processes have already been improved with AI solutions, many processes have yet to be AI-powered in the ERP solutions sold by the consultancy firm examined in this study. However, the consultants of the firm express great positivity for the untapped potential of AI, and many further AI solutions are being developed.

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  • 33.
    Bergelin, Jakob
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Reuterskiöld, Axel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Vägen till DevOps: Implementation i praktiken - en fallstudie hos Centrala Studiestödsnämnden2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    IT-utveckling är ett område präglat av ständig förändring, i form av tekniska medel, innovationer och arbetssätt. Precis som all annan form av produktutveckling varierar det tillvägagångssättet vida mellan organisationer, företag och myndigheter. Inom mjukvaruutveckling har förändringen varit lika snabb som uppkomsten och den har gått från sekventiell traditionella utvecklingsmetoder till flexibla agila. Nu sker det återigen ett nytt skifte till ett mer dynamiskt utvecklingssätt, ämnat att sammanföra och i grunden förändra sättet som teams skapar IT-produkter. I det närmaste en ny filosofi - DevOps. DevOps bygger på principen att utvecklingssidan, “Development”, och drift- och förvaltningssidan, “Operations”, går samman för att skapa ett enhetligt team som är gemensamt ansvariga för hela utvecklings- och förvaltningscykeln. Underlaget som möjliggör detta är en kombination av en stark samarbetskultur, god kommunikation och nyskapande tekniska verktyg. Tillvägagångssätten för att implementera ett sådant brett koncept är många, och implementation av nya arbetssätt är en utmaning för alla organisationer som vågar ligga i framkant. Centrala Studiestödsnämnden, CSN, är en sådan organisation, och en myndighet på väg mot DevOps. Det är inte ett okomplicerat arbete för en myndighet som olikt ett privat företag inte arbetar i vinstsyfte och behöver följa andra lagar och förordningar. Denna studie har genom semi-strukturerade intervjuer och en kompletterande litteraturgenomgång utrett hur en organisation kan implementera DevOps och vilka förutsättningar som finns i nuläget. Resultatet pekar på att CSN som organisation har en god utgångspunkt för en lyckad DevOps-miljö, med några nyckelsteg för att fullfölja en fulländad implementation. Dessa inkluderar faktorer som att minska avståndet mellan Development och Operations, möjliggörandet av nödvändiga tekniska verktyg för automatisering, och en förändring i sin utvecklingsstruktur.

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  • 34.
    Berggren, Emelie
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Wallin, Moa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Att leda digitalt - det "nya" ledarskapet: En kvalitativ studie om digitalt ledarskap till följd av coronapandemin2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the covid-19 pandemic, organisations were forced to make a rapid and involuntary transition to teleworking. This shift in labour entails new demands, especially on leaders who are forced to rely on digital tools for communication and leadership. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to investigate experiences of leaders during this period of time, and how leadership is mediated through information and communication technology (ICT). To answer the research question, semi structured interviews were conducted with twelve leaders. The results were primarily analyzed through an affordance lens, combined with a leader-member exchange perspective, which emphasizes the dyadic relationship between leader and follower.

    The results imply that ICT is essential for remote leadership. However, a major issue arises as leaders previously has developed a leadership style that primarily relies on informal communication and following up with employees face-to-face. Although individual characteristics matter in regards to how well and to what extent digital affordances are actualized, digital tools do not manage to create and transmit social affordances to the same extent as the physical environment. Yet, a progress has been made since the start of the pandemic-induced telework, and the use of ICT has increasingly been integrated in the leadership. To fully reach so-called e-leadership, new e-competencies are nevertheless required, where ICT is applied effectively, deliberately and appropriately.

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  • 35.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    et al.
    University of Stockholm.
    Eriksson, Owen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Towards a Socio-Institutional Ontology for Conceptual Modelling of Information Systems2015In: Advances in Conceptual Modeling: ER 2015 Workshops AHA, CMS, EMoV, MoBID, MORE-BI, MReBA, QMMQ, and SCME, Stockholm, Sweden, October 19-22, 2015, Proceedings / [ed] Jeusfeld, Manfred A., Karlapalem, Kamalakar, Springer International Publishing , 2015, p. 225-235Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most work on ontologies for conceptual modelling is based on the assumption that conceptual models represent a pre-existing reality, which they should faithfully reflect. This paper suggests an ontology for conceptual modelling of institutional domains taking into account also the prescriptive role of conceptual models, thereby supporting the design of information systems. The paper draws on the current ontological discourse in information systems engineering; descriptive vs prescriptive conceptual modelling; socio-materiality in terms of clarifying the relationships be-tween physical and social domains; and ontological differences between (physical) properties and rights. The results of the paper can be used to support conceptual mod-elling in business analysis, in particular requirements elicitation of regulative aspects.

  • 36. Bergholz, Maria
    et al.
    Eriksson, Owen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Johannesson, Paul
    Towards a Sociomaterial Ontology2013In: Advanced Information Systems Engineering Workshops (pp. 341–348). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Retrieved from http://link.springer.com, At CAiSE 2013 International Workshops, Valencia, Spain,, Volume: 148 / [ed] X. Franch & P. Soffer, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Bjellman, Evelina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Gunnarsson, Anton
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    “De är kompisar”: En studie om möjligheterna att utvinna affärsnytta utifrån den ökande mängd data Internet of Things genererar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 38.
    Bjerking, Felix
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Sverredal, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Simulering av indirekta val: en studie i att förbättra användbarhet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 39.
    Blom, Erica
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Säkerhet av e-valutor: Riksbankens e-kronaförslag och näthot2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 40.
    Blomberg, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Standardization and organizational change: Standardized ERP systems: a business development and change limitation?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When adopting standardized ERP systems organizations also adopt standardized processes. These processes are integrated in the organization. The integration of standardized business processes redefines the business while standardization also leads to more indistinguishable business processes. Standardization is a prominent property of SAP ERP. When organizations implement SAP they also implement the SAP way of doing business. The research question is based on a consideration whether increased standardization, as part of SAP ERP, may limit the organization’s possibility to change.To examine the question the thesis use interviews with a business organization and SAP consultants as well as document studies. The results of the empirical work point to the fact that standardization is not limiting opportunity to change. Rather standardization is viewed as a necessary structure that is more of an organizational change enabler than a limiter. The enabling view of standardization is a consistent finding from the empirical study.

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    Vt_2011_BlombergMagnus_Standardization and organizational change
  • 41.
    Bogren, Fredrik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Chu, Patrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Svenska ungdomars attityd till implantat av mikrochip i kroppen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mikrochip, eller integrerad krets, är en samling av elektroniska kretsar på en mindre platta. De går att finna i nästan alla elektroniska produkter, såsom i mobiler eller självkörande bilar. Idag har denna teknik blivit så liten att människor kan implantera den i kroppen, där användningsområdena är många och fortfarande relativt outforskade. Ny teknik kommer ofta med positiva och negativa aspekter, en teknik som kan integreras med kroppen kan för individen kännas integritetskränkande, främmande eller obehagligt. Detta är en kvalitativ studie där vi genom intervjuer har undersökt vilka attityder ungdomar i Sverige har till implantat av mikrochip. Studien har identifierat vad ungdomar har för attityder och åsikter kring mikrochip i kontexten av deras egna privatliv, hälsa, vardagsliv och datasäkerhet.

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  • 42.
    Bohman, Andreas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Ismahil, Dlovan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Hur ska vi säkerställa arbetsmiljön vid distansarbete?: En studie om hur ledare använder digitala kommunikationsverktyg för att säkerställa arbetsmiljön2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problematization: Remote work is estimated to become an increasingly common solution for organizations in the future. However, when employees work from home it becomes more difficult to discover any shortcomings in the work environment. Previous research has not focused on how digital communication tools can be used to detect flaws in the work environment when working remotely, which means that there is a knowledge gap that this study intends to contribute to.

    Aim: The purpose of the study is to develop knowledge about what opportunities and limitations leaders experience with digital communication tools and how they use the tools to ensure the employees' work environment when working remotely.

    Method and materials: A qualitative deductive approach was used to answer the study’s two research questions. The primary data was conducted through ten semi-structured interviews with different leadership roles from various industries.

    Conclusions: The result showed that the leaders could ensure the employees psychosocial work environment by using different channels that digital communication tools offered. Those channels were mainly chat and video meetings. Chat made it possible for the leaders to quickly and easily communicate with their employees and ask about their health. Video meetings were the channel that gave the leaders the opportunity to see the employees, which made it easier to get a picture of their well-being. Furthermore, it also emerged that digital communication tools were not enough to ensure the employees' physical work environment. The leaders could only pay attention to small details, which was not enough to assess whether the employees had a suitable working environment at home from a physical perspective. In order to ensure the physical working environment, it would have been necessary for the employees to walk around and show their workplace at home with the help of the camera. However, this was not something that the leaders in this study advocated due to the employee’s personal sphere.

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  • 43.
    Boronin, Mikhail
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Hybrid Cloud Migration Challenges. A case study at King2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Migration to the cloud has been a popular topic in industry and academia in recent years. Despite many benefits that the cloud presents, such as high availability and scalability, most of the on-premise application architectures are not ready to fully exploit the benefits of this environment, and adapting them to this environment is a non-trivial task.Therefore, many organizations consider a gradual process of moving to the cloud with Hybrid Cloud architecture. In this paper, the author is making an effort of analyzing particular enterprise case in cloud migration topics like cloud deployment, cloud architecture and cloud management.This paper aims to identify, classify, and compare existing challenges in cloud migration, illustrate approaches to resolve these challenges and discover the best practices in cloud adoption and process of conversion teams to the cloud.

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  • 44.
    Bragner, Johan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Wasing, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Programspråk specificerade av nyttjare: en pilotstudie om tidsåtgång vid uppmärkning av dokument2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    IT projects often fail because they are late and more expensive than planned, and in many cases it is the time factor that is limiting for projects. There exist many different programming languages and the need to share structures between them. Applications within the same system often uses different terminology and the need for conversions occurs. Standardized languages such as XML exist but when organizations choose to create their own syntax for formatting publications instead a resistance can be distinguished. The paper can be used as basis for further research in the area of programming languages. This research focuses on comparing if the choice of syntax affects expenditure of time when marking document. The selected research strategy is experiment. A pilot study has been done and based on the results of the study a hypothesis testing (t-test) was made. The analysis of the results indicated that the use of optional syntax implied that less time was spent at marking document than the use of XML. The conclusion from this was that this area should be further explored and that the study should be done on a larger scale.

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  • 45.
    Brennicke, Tindra
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Lidzell, Alice
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Ansiktsigenkänning i brottsutredningar: Risker och möjligheter med ansiktsigenkänning i svenska brottsutredningar2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    AI is a technology which development is frequently discussed. A small part of the phenomena AI is constituted by facial recognition, a technology which is rapidly implemented in an increasing number of societal functions. Since facial recognition itself is relatively new, the utilization of it within the police authority is as well. This study intends to investigate which risks and possibilities the utilization of facial recognition has in Swedish criminal investigations. The study is based on semi-structured interviews with people divided into one of two different interesting groups: AI-scientists and employees at the Swedish police authority. This, with the intention to capture two different perspectives. In the analysis of the empirical data the identified consequences are linked to the theory sociomateriality. The study presents a number of risks and possibilities which confirm already identified consequences in literature. The risks and possibilities identified related to integrity, laws and regulations, bias in databases, over-reliance and disbelief, efficiency, security enhancing, accuracy and working environment. The study concludes with suggestions for future research.

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  • 46.
    Brostedt, Nathan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Pettersson, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Bristfälliga utvecklingsprojekt av informationssystem i den kommunalasektorn2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay starts with defining and categorizing of information systems with flaws or failure. Flaws and failures identified from previous studies are then presented. A few informationsystems with flaws in a municipality are then examined to find what in them that flaws. To avoid future flaws and failure a model has been developed. Some significant flaws that has emerged include poor involvement of users and the lack of project management in the municipality.

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  • 47.
    Bruhn, Lukas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Algelin, Max
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Designers Krav på Midjourney: En Studie om Integrationen av Bildgenererande AI i Grafiska Formgivares Arbetsprocess2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Text-to-image generation is one of the most significant technological advancements in artificial intelligence (AI) during recent years, with the software Midjourney being amongst the most popular tools for this purpose. There is however some uncertainty about how tools like Midjourney will impact and integrate with creative professions, such as graphic design. To successfully integrate graphic designers with image-generating software, it is necessary for the tools to be designed according to the needs of their design process. This study, therefore, examines the requirements graphic designers have for Midjourney to be integrated into the idea generation phase of their design process. Requirements were gathered through interviews, which were then prioritized through surveys. A comprehensive list of requirements was formulated based on these findings. An analysis of the results was also conducted to analyze the prioritization of each individual requirement. The results highlight areas of improvement in Midjourney, with a focus on control and usability. The discussion explores factors that could have influenced the validity of the results, along with a reflection on the study's implementation. Finally, the conclusion of the study outlines the key improvements needed for Midjourney according to the results and suggests directions for future research within the research area.

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  • 48.
    Bulbeck, Emilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    The Path to Persuasion: An investigation into how al-Shabab constructs their brand in their digital magazine Gaidi Mtaani2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Branding strategies are becoming increasingly important for terrorist organisations who need to take a more purposeful approach at imbuing aspirational associations to their organisations in order secure recruits and funds in an increasingly competitive environment. The creation and implication of these individual brands are further amplified through the sophisticated harnessing of ICT and digital media, where the harnessing of novel tactics and digital trends feed into the increasing use of branding. It is a strategy being employed by numerous terrorist groups, and a burgeoning research field is rapidly evolving to represent this development. This study seeks to explore how al-Shabab constructs their brand in their digital magazine Gaidi Mtaani, using Aristotle's rhetorical triad of ethos, pathos and logos. This study has the hopes of contributing to comparison studies between Dabiq and Inspire and wider terrorist branding, terrorism, ICT and communication studies. Understanding the differences between how some of the most notorious terrorist organizations distinguish themselves will help counter the rhetoric and brand associations projected through their publications. In order to answer this research question, this study will consist of a two-part theoretical framework situated in the concept of branding and rhetoric theory. Rhetoric theory will help this study understand how al-Shabab communicate and constructs their brand. It will allow for the analysis of any persuasive communications that express al-Shabab’s brand associations and help analyse al-Shabab's divisive use of language in order to ultimately promote their brand and ideas. The empirical data will be analysed through the use of qualitative content analysis.

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  • 49.
    Byhlin, Victor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Excellenta perspektiv på webbtillgänglighet: En fallstudie om vad som krävs för att införa tillgänglighet på webben.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The web accessibility directive has made web accessibility as a phenomenon a current issue. The concept of accessibility is used in web development to describe to what extent a product, a service or an environment is usable and navigable for people with certain needs or disabilities. Web accessibility involves the goal of making it easier for such persons to perceive, navigate, understand and contribute to the web (Kulkarni 2019). This study examines what practitioners in web development think is required to initiate accessibility on the web. The pur­pose is to reach a greater insight into what practitioners think is required to initiate web acces­sibility and what obstacles and problems they encounter during the process. The research ques­tion is: “what do web developers and interaction designers think is required to initiate web accessibil­ity?”. The study is a qualitative, descriptive case study. The data collection is made through semi-structured interviews with consultants at the IT-company XLENT. The data has been the­matized through coding and has been analyzed based on the theoretical framework, namely activity theory (AT). Problems observed are, among others, that web accessibility often is a low priority among clients, difficulties in explaining advantages and the importance of web acces­sibility and limited resources. The conclusion is that what is considered required is increased knowledge and awareness among clients and practitioners, more incentives to initiating web accessibility, pragmatic legislation, that web accessibility is prioritized from the very beginning of a project, more cooperation with people with disabilities during the process and more ready-made solutions in browsers.

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  • 50.
    Cantar, Andreia
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Åström, Eri
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Interface update from older adult users’ perspective2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Is it unavoidable fact that the interface of a program will change when the program is updated. It is a well-known problem that such changes lead to usability issues, even if the new interface in itself is usable. In increasingly digitalized society where using computers and the Internet is no longer a matter of interest, but a necessity to manage everyday life, it is important that older generation is included in the rapid development. Older adults generally suffer from physical, motor and cognitive decline that can create barrier to using computers. Changing interface can be particularly problematic for this age group, and a smooth transition from the old interface to the new one is needed. Fifteen older and five younger computer users were recruited, to study how a drastically modified computer interface influences older adults as computer users. Internet Explorer 10 for Windows 8 was used as testing software for the case study where the participants were asked to conduct a series of tasks to observe the effects of first time experience with the new interface. The attitudes and the emotions towards the new interface, as well as the difficulties encountered during the first time use were studied in the thesis. The result showed the clear difference between the younger and older participants. Older participants generally had a more positive attitude towards the new browser, even though they encountered more difficulties during the test. The younger participants managed to complete the tasks with less assistance, but were skeptical towards the new interface. Despite the differences in the emotional reactions, both groups were reluctant to update to the new interface, which was shown to be particularly problematic for older participants. The result of the study indicates that an interface that undergoes major restructuring is most likely to be problematic for senior computer users. Thus, there is a need for a bridging strategy between the old and the new interface. 

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