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  • 1.
    Abou-Zeid, M.
    et al.
    Georg August Univ Gottingen, SUB, Pl Gottinger Sieben 1, D-37073 Gottingen, Germany.
    Hull, C. M.
    Imperial Coll London, Blackett Lab, Theory Grp, Prince Consort Rd, London SW7 2AZ, England.
    Lindström, Ulf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics. Imperial Coll London, Blackett Lab, Theory Grp, Prince Consort Rd, London SW7 2AZ, England.
    Rocek, M.
    SUNY Stony Brook, CN Yang Inst Theoret Phys, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA.
    T-duality in (2,1) superspace2019In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 6, article id 138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We find the T-duality transformation rules for 2-dimensional (2,1) supersymmetric sigma-models in (2,1) superspace. Our results clarify certain aspects of the (2,1) sigma model geometry relevant to the discussion of T-duality. The complexified duality transformations we find are equivalent to the usual Buscher duality transformations (including an important refinement) together with diffeomorphisms. We use the gauging of sigma-models in (2,1) superspace, which we review and develop, finding a manifestly real and geometric expression for the gauged action. We discuss the obstructions to gauging (2,1) sigma-models, and find that the obstructions to (2,1) T-duality are considerably weaker.

  • 2.
    Aharony, Ofer
    et al.
    Weizmann Inst Sci, Dept Particle Phys & Astrophys, IL-7610001 Rehovot, Israel.
    Alday, Luis F.
    Univ Oxford, Math Inst, Radcliffe Observ Quarter, Andrew Wiles Bldg,Woodstock Rd, Oxford OX2 6GG, England.
    Bissi, Agnese
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Yacoby, Ran
    Weizmann Inst Sci, Dept Particle Phys & Astrophys, IL-7610001 Rehovot, Israel.
    The analytic bootstrap for large N Chern-Simons vector models2018In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 8, article id 166Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Three-dimensional Chern-Simons vector models display an approximate higher spin symmetry in the large N limit. Their single-trace operators consist of a tower of weakly broken currents, as well as a scalar a of approximate twist 1 or 2. We study the consequences of crossing symmetry for the four-point correlator of a in a 1/N expansion, using analytic bootstrap techniques. To order 1/N we show that crossing symmetry fixes the contribution from the tower of currents, providing an alternative derivation of well-known results by Maldacena and Zhiboedov. When sigma has twist 1 its OPE receives a contribution from the exchange of a itself with an arbitrary coefficient, due to the existence of a marginal sextic coupling. We develop the machinery to determine the corrections to the OPE data of double-trace operators due to this, and to similar exchanges. This in turns allows us to fix completely the correlator up to three known truncated solutions to crossing. We then proceed to study the problem to order 1/N-2. We find that crossing implies the appearance of odd-twist double-trace operators, and calculate their OPE coefficients in a large spin expansion. Also, surprisingly, crossing at order 1/N-2, implies non-trivial O(1/N) anomalous dimensions for even-twist double-trace operators, even though such contributions do not appear in the four-point function at order 1/N (in the case where there is no scalar exchange). We argue that this phenomenon arises due to operator mixing. Finally, we analyse the bosonic vector model with a sextic coupling without gauge interactions, and determine the order 1/N-2 corrections to the dimensions of twist-2 double-trace operators.

  • 3.
    Albertsson, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Analysis of the Many-Body Problem in One Dimension with Repulsive Delta-Function Interaction2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The repulsive delta-function interaction model in one dimension is reviewed for spinless particles and for spin-1/2 fermions. The problem of solving the differential equation related to the Schrödinger equation is reduced by the Bethe ansatz to a system of algebraic equations. The delta-function interaction is shown to have no effect on spinless fermions which therefore behave like free fermions, in agreement with Pauli's exclusion principle. The ground-state problem of spinless bosons is reduced to an inhomogeneous Fredholm equation of the second kind. In the limit of impenetrable interactions, the spinless bosons are shown to have the energy spectrum of free fermions. The model for spin-1/2 fermions is reduced by the Bethe ansatz to an eigenvalue problem of matrices of the same sizes as the irreducible representations R of the permutation group of N elements. For some R's this eigenvalue problem itself is solved by a generalized Bethe ansatz. The ground-state problem of spin-1/2 fermions is reduced to a generalized Fredholm equation.

  • 4.
    Alday, Luis F.
    et al.
    Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford, U.K..
    Bissi, Agnese
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Perlmutter, Eric
    Walter Burke Institute for Theoretical Physics, Caltech, Pasadena, U.S.A..
    Genus-One String Amplitudes from Conformal Field Theory2019In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 6, article id 10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We explore and exploit the relation between non-planar correlators in N=4 super-Yang-Mills, and higher-genus closed string amplitudes in type IIB string theory. By conformal field theory techniques we construct the genus-one, four-point string amplitude in AdS5×S5 in the low-energy expansion, dual to an N=4 super-Yang-Mills correlator in the 't Hooft limit at order 1/c2 in a strong coupling expansion. In the flat space limit, this maps onto the genus-one, four-point scattering amplitude for type II closed strings in ten dimensions. Using this approach we reproduce several results obtained via string perturbation theory. We also demonstrate a novel mechanism to fix subleading terms in the flat space limit of AdS amplitudes by using string/M-theory.

  • 5.
    Alexandrov, Sergei
    et al.
    Univ Montpellier, UMR CNRS 5221, L2C, F-34095 Montpellier, France.;CERN, Theoret Phys Dept, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Banerjee, Sibasish
    CEA, IPhT, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France.;Max Planck Inst Math, Vivatsgasse 7, D-53111 Bonn, Germany..
    Longhi, Pietro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Rigid limit for hypermultiplets and five-dimensional gauge theories2018In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, article id 156Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the rigid limit of a class of hypermultiplet moduli spaces appearing in Calabi-Yau compactifications of type IIB string theory, which is induced by a local limit of the Calabi-Yau. We show that the resulting hyperkahler manifold is obtained by performing a hyperkahler quotient of the Swann bundle over the moduli space, along the isometries arising in the limit. Physically, this manifold appears as the target space of the non-linear sigma model obtained by compactification of a five-dimensional gauge theory on a torus. This allows to compute dyonic and stringy instantons of the gauge theory from the known results on D-instantons in string theory. Besides, we formulate a simple condition on the existence of a non-trivial local limit in terms of intersection numbers of the Calabi-Yau, and find an explicit form for the hypermultiplet metric including corrections from all mutually non-local D-instantons, which can be of independent interest.

  • 6.
    Alonso i Fernández, Jaume
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Equivariant Cohomology and Localisation2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Equivariant localisation is based on exploiting certain symmetries of some systems, generally represented by a non-free action of a Lie group on a manifold, to reduce the dimensionality of integral calculations that commonly appear in theoretical physics. In this work we present Cartan's model of equivariant cohomology in different scenarios, such as differential manifolds, symplectic manifolds or vector bundles and we reproduce the main corresponding localisation results.

  • 7. Anderson, Lara B.
    et al.
    Constantin, Andrei
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Lee, Seung-Joo
    Lukas, Andre
    Hypercharge flux in heterotic compactifications2015In: Physical Review D, ISSN 1550-7998, E-ISSN 1550-2368, Vol. 91, no 4, article id 046008Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study heterotic Calabi-Yau models with hypercharge flux breaking, where the visible E-8 gauge group is directly broken to the standard model group by a nonflat gauge bundle, rather than by a two-step process involving an intermediate grand unified theory and a Wilson line. It is shown that the required alternative E-8 embeddings of hypercharge, normalized as required for gauge unification, can be found and we classify these possibilities. However, for all but one of these embeddings we prove a general no-go theorem which asserts that no suitable geometry and vector bundle leading to a standard model spectrum can be found. Intuitively, this happens due to the large number of index conditions which have to be imposed in order to obtain a correct physical spectrum in the absence of an underlying grand unified theory.

  • 8. Anderson, Louise
    et al.
    Zarembo, Konstantin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Quantum phase transitions in mass-deformed ABJM matrix model2014In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 9, p. 021-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When mass-deformed ABJM theory is considered on S-3, the partition function of the theory localises, and is given by a matrix model. At large N, we solve this model in the decompactification limit, where the radius of the three-sphere is taken to infinity. In this limit, the theory exhibits a rich phase structure with an infinite number of third-order quantum phase transitions, accumulating at strong coupling.

  • 9.
    Apruzzi, Fabio
    et al.
    Univ N Carolina, Dept Phys, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 USA; CUNY, Grad Ctr, Initiat Theoret Sci, New York, NY 10016 USA; olumbia Univ, Dept Phys, 538 W 120th St, New York, NY 10027 USA.
    Dibitetto, Giuseppe
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Tizzano, Luigi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    A new 6d fixed point from holography2016In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, Vol. 11, article id 126Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a stringy construction giving rise to a class of interacting and non-supersymmetric CFT's in six dimensions. Such theories may be obtained as an IR conformal fixed point of an RG flow ending up in a (1,0)" role="presentation" style="display: inline; font-size: 13.6px; word-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: arial, verdana, sans-serif; position: relative;">(1,0)(1,0) theory in the UV. We provide the due holographic evidence in the context of massive type IIA on AdS7×M3" role="presentation" style="display: inline; font-size: 13.6px; word-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: arial, verdana, sans-serif; position: relative;">AdS7×M3AdS7×M3, where M3" role="presentation" style="display: inline; font-size: 13.6px; word-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: arial, verdana, sans-serif; position: relative;">M3M3 is topologically an S3" role="presentation" style="display: inline; font-size: 13.6px; word-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: arial, verdana, sans-serif; position: relative;">S3S3. In particular, in this paper we present a 10d flow solution which may be interpreted as a non-BPS bound state of NS5, D6 and D6¯" role="presentation" style="display: inline; font-size: 13.6px; word-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px; margin: 0px; font-family: arial, verdana, sans-serif; position: relative;">D6⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯D6¯ branes. Moreover, by adopting its 7d effective desciption, we are able to holographically compute the free energy and the operator spectrum in the novel IR conformal fixed point.

  • 10.
    Apruzzi, Fabio
    et al.
    Univ Penn, Dept Phys & Astron, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA;Univ N Carolina, Dept Phys, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 USA.
    Heckman, Jonathan J.
    Univ Penn, Dept Phys & Astron, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA.
    Morrison, David R.
    Univ Calif Santa Barbara, Dept Math, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 USA;Univ Calif Santa Barbara, Dept Phys, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 USA.
    Tizzano, Luigi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    4D gauge theories with conformal matter2018In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 9, article id 088Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the hallmarks of 6D superconformal field theories (SCFTs) is that on a partial tensor branch, all known theories resemble quiver gauge theories with links comprised of 6D conformal matter, a generalization of weakly coupled hypermultiplets. In this paper we construct 4D quiverlike gauge theories in which the links are obtained from compactifications of 6D conformal matter on Riemann surfaces with flavor symmetry fluxes. This includes generalizations of super QCD with exceptional gauge groups and quarks replaced by 4D conformal matter. Just as in super QCD, we find evidence for a conformal window as well as confining gauge group factors depending on the total amount of matter. We also present F-theory realizations of these field theories via elliptically fibered Calabi-Yau fourfolds. Gauge groups (and flavor symmetries) come from 7-branes wrapped on surfaces, conformal matter localizes at the intersection of pairs of 7-branes, and Yukawas between 4D conformal matter localize at points coming from triple intersections of 7-branes. Quantum corrections can also modify the classical moduli space of the F-theory model, matching expectations from effective field theory.

  • 11.
    Arabi Ardehali, Arash
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics. Inst Res Fundamental Sci IPM, Sch Phys, POB 19395-5531, Tehran, Iran.
    Cardy-like asymptotics of the 4d N=4 index and AdS(5) blackholes2019In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 6, article id 134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Choi, Kim, Kim, and Nahmgoong have recently pioneered analyzing a Cardy-like limit of the superconformal index of the 4d N=4 theory with complexified fugacities which encodes the entropy of the dual supersymmetric AdS(5) blackholes. Here we study the Cardy-like asymptotics of the index within the rigorous framework of elliptic hypergeometric integrals, thereby filling a gap in their derivation of the blackhole entropy function, finding a new blackhole saddle-point, and demonstrating novel bifurcation phenomena in the asymptotics of the index as a function of fugacity phases. We also comment on the relevance of the supersymmetric Casimir energy to the blackhole entropy function in the present context.

  • 12.
    Arabi Ardehali, Arash
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Larsen, Finn
    Leinweber Center for Theoretical Physics, Randall Laboratory of Physics,The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109–1040, USA.
    Liu, James T.
    Leinweber Center for Theoretical Physics, Randall Laboratory of Physics,The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109–1040, USA.
    Szepietowski, Phillip
    Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Amsterdam,Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands; nstitute for Theoretical Physics and Center for Extreme Matter and Emergent Phenomena,Utrecht University, Princetonplein 5, 3584 CC Utrecht, the Netherlands.
    Quantum Corrections to Central Charges and Supersymmetric Casimir Energy in AdS3/CFT22019In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 7, article id 71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the Casimir energy of bulk fields in AdS3 and its relation to subleading terms in the central charge of the dual CFT2. Computing both sides of the standard CFT2 relation E=−c/12 independently we show that this relation is not necessarily satisfied at the level of individual bulk supergravity states, but in theories with sufficient supersymmetry it is restored at the level of bulk supermultiplets. Assuming only (0,2) supersymmetry (or more), we improve the situation by relating quantum corrections to the central charge and the supersymmetric Casimir energy which in turn is related to an index. These relations adapt recent progress on the AdS5/CFT4 correspondence to AdS3/CFT2 holography. We test our formula successfully in several examples, including the (0,4) MSW theory describing classes of 4D black holes and the large (4,4) theory that is interesting for higher spin holography. We also make predictions for the subleading central charges in several recently proposed (2,2) dualities where the CFT2 is not yet well-understood.

  • 13.
    Ashoorioon, Amjad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Exit from inflation with a first-order phase transition and a gravitational wave blast2015In: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 747, p. 446-453Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In double-field inflation, which exploits two scalar fields, one of the fields rolls slowly during inflation whereas the other field is trapped in a meta-stable vacuum. The nucleation rate from the false vacuum to the true one becomes substantial enough that triggers a first order phase transition and ends inflation. We revisit the question of first order phase transition in an "extended" model of hybrid inflation, realizing the double-field inflationary scenario, and correctly identify the parameter space that leads to a first order phase transition at the end of inflation. We compute the gravitational wave profile which is generated during this first order phase transition. Assuming instant reheating, the peak frequency falls in the 1 GHz to 10 GHz frequency band and the amplitude varies in the range 10(-11) less than or similar to Omega(GW)h(2) <= 10(-8), depending on the value of the cosmological constant in the false vacuum. For a narrow band of vacuum energies, the first order phase transition can happen after the end of inflation via the violation of slow-roll, with a peak frequency that varies from 1 THz to 100 THz. For smaller values of cosmological constant, even though inflation can end via slow-roll violation, the universe gets trapped in a false vacuum whose energy drives a second phase of eternal inflation. This range of vacuum energies do not lead to viable inflationary models, unless the value of the cosmological constant is compatible with the observed value, M similar to 10(-3) eV.

  • 14.
    Ashoorioon, Amjad
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Chialva, Diego
    Danielsson, Ulf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Effects of nonlinear dispersion relations on non-Gaussianities2011In: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, ISSN 1475-7516, E-ISSN 1475-7516, no 6, p. 034-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate the effect of non-linear dispersion relations on the bispectrum. In particular, we study the case were the modified relations do not violate the WKB condition at early times, focusing on a particular example which is exactly solvable: the Jacobson-Corley dispersion relation with quartic correction with positive coefficient to the squared linear relation. We find that the corrections to the standard result for the bispectrum are suppressed by a factor H-2/p(c)(2) where p(c) is the scale where the modification to the dispersion relation becomes relevant. The modification is mildly configuration-dependent and equilateral configurations are more suppressed with respect to the local ones, by a factor of one percent. There is no configuration leading to enhancements. We then analyze the results in the framework of particle creation using the approximate gluing method of Brandenberger and Martin, which relates more directly to the modeling of the trans-Planckian physics via modifications of the vacuum at a certain cutoff scale. We show that the gluing method overestimates the leading order correction to the spectrum and bispectrum by one and two orders, respectively, in We discuss the various approximation and conclude that for dispersion relations not violating WKB at early times the particle creation is small and does not lead to enhanced contributions to the bispectrum. We also show that in many cases enhancements do not our when modeling the trans-Planckian physics via modifications of the vacuum at a certain cutoff scale. Most notably they are only of order O(1) when the Bogolyubov coefficients accounting for particle creation are determined by the Wronskian condition and the minimization of the uncertainty between the field and its conjugate momentum.

  • 15.
    Ashoorioon, Amjad
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Danielsson, Ulf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Sheikh-Jabbari, M. M.
    1/N resolution to inflationary eta-problem2012In: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 713, no 4-5, p. 353-357Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We observe that the dominant one loop contribution to the graviton propagator in the theory of N (N >> 1) light scalar fields phi(a) (with masses smaller than M-pI/root N) minimally coupled to Einstein gravity is proportional to N while that of graviton-scalar-scalar interaction vertex is N independent. We use this to argue that the coefficient of the R phi(2)(a) term appearing at one loop level is 1/N suppressed. This observation provides a resolution to the quantum eta-problem, that the slow-roll parameter eta receives order one quantum loop corrections for inflationary models built within the framework of scalar fields minimally coupled to Einstein gravity, for models involving large number of fields. As particular examples, we employ this to argue in favor of the absence of eta-problem in multi-field inflationary scenarios of M-flation and N-flation.

  • 16.
    Ashoorioon, Amjad
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Firouzjahi, Hassan
    Sheikh-Jabbari, Mohammmad Mahdi
    Matrix inflation and its string theory origins2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Motivated by the dynamics of N coincident D3 branes in some specific flux compactifications, we construct an inflationary model in which inflation is driven by three N Oe N hermitian matrices i,i = 1,2, 3, hence the name Matrix Inflation, or M-f lation for short. We show that one can consistently restrict the classical dynamics to a sector in which the i are proportional to the N Oe N irreducible representation of SU(2). In this sector our model behaves like an effective inflaton field, which t akes super-Planckian field values, and 3N(2) -' 1 isocurvature fields. These may have the observational effects such as production of iso-curvature perturbations on cosmic microwave background. Moreover, the existence of these extra scalars provides us wi th a natural preheating mechanism and exit from inflation. Due to the super-Planckian excursions of the canonical effective inflaton, the model is capable of producing a considerable amount of gravity waves that can be probed by future CMB polarization ex periments. Furthermore, the fine-tunings associated with unnaturally small couplings in the chaotic type inflationary scenarios are removed. We also show that even if the cutoff of the theory is lowered by the square of number of species, one can still us e the effective field theory approach to justify the absence of higher dimensional operators.

  • 17.
    Ashoorioon, Amjad
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Sheikh-Jabbari, M. M.
    Gauged M-flation, its UV sensitivity and spectator species2011In: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, ISSN 1475-7516, E-ISSN 1475-7516, no 6, p. 014-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we study gauged M-flation. an inflationary model in which inflation is driven by three N x N scalar field matrices in the adjoint representation of U(N) gauge group. We focus our study on the gauged M-flation model which could be derived front the dynamics of a stack of D3-branes in appropriate background flux. The background inflationary dynamics is unaltered compared to the ungauged case of [1], while the spectrum of "spectator species", the isocurvature modes, differs from the ungauged case. Presence of a large number of spectators, although irrelevant to the slow-roll inflationary dynamics, has been argued to lower the effective UV cutoff Lambda of the theory from the Planck mass M-pl, putting into question the main advantage of M-flation in not having super-Planckian field values and unnaturally small couplings. Through a careful analysis of the spectrum of the spectators we argue that contrary to what happens in N-flation models, M-flation is still UV safe with the modified (reduced) effective UV cutoff Lambda, which we show to be of order (0.5 - 1) x 10(-1)M(pl). Moreover, we argue that the string scale in our gauged M-flation model is larger than Lambda by a factor of 10 and hence one can also neglect stringy effects. We also comment on the stability of classical inflationary paths in the gauged M-flation.

  • 18.
    Ashoorioon, Amjad
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Shiu, Gary
    A note on calm excited states of inflation2011In: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, ISSN 1475-7516, E-ISSN 1475-7516, no 3, p. 025-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We identify a two-parameter family of excited states within slow-roll inflation for which either the corrections to the two-point function or the characteristic signatures of excited states in the three-point function - i.e. the enhancement for the flattened momenta configurations- are absent. These excited states may nonetheless violate the adiabaticity condition maximally. We dub these initial states of inflation calm excited states. We show that these two sets do not intersect, i.e., those that leave the power-spectrum invariant can be distinguished from their bispectra, and vice versa. The same set of calm excited states that leave the two-point function invariant for slow-roll inflation, do the same task for DBI inflation. However, at the level of three-point function, the calm excited states whose flattened configuration signature is absent for slow-roll inflation, will lead to an enhancement for DBI inflation generally, although the signature is smaller than what suggested by earlier analysis. This example also illustrates that imposing the Wronskian condition is important for obtaining a correct estimate of the non-Gaussian signatures.

  • 19.
    Azevedo, Thales
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Engelund, Oluf Tang
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Ambitwistor formulations of R2 gravity and (DF)2 gauge theories2017In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 11, article id 052Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider D-dimensional amplitudes in R-2 gravities (conformal gravity in D = 4) and in the recently introduced (DF)(2) gauge theory, from the perspective of the CHY formulae and ambitwistor string theory. These theories are related through the BCJ double-copy construction, and the (DF)(2) gauge theory obeys color-kinematics duality. We work out the worldsheet details of these theories and show that they admit a formulation as integrals on the support of the scattering equations, or alternatively, as ambitwistor string theories. For gravity, this generalizes the work done by Berkovits and Witten on conformal gravity to D dimensions. The ambitwistor is also interpreted as a D-dimensional generalization of Witten's twistor string (SYM + conformal supergravity). As part of our ambitwistor investigation, we discover another (DF)(2) gauge theory containing a photon that couples to Einstein gravity. This theory can provide an alternative KLT description of Einstein gravity compared to the usual Yang-Mills squared.

  • 20.
    Azevedo, Thales
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Jusinskas, Renann Lipinski
    AS CR, Inst Phys, Na Slovance 2, Prague 18221, Czech Republic..
    Background constraints in the infinite tension limit of the heterotic string2016In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 8, article id 133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work we investigate the classical constraints imposed on the supergravity and super Yang-Mills backgrounds in the alpha' -> 0 limit of the heterotic string using the pure spinor formalism. Guided by the recently observed sectorization of the model, we show that all the ten-dimensional constraints are elegantly obtained from the single condition of nilpotency of the BRST charge.

  • 21.
    Azevedo, Thales
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Jusinskas, Renann Lipinski
    Inst Phys AS CR, Slovance 2, Prague 18221, Czech Republic.
    Connecting the ambitwistor and the sectorized heterotic strings2017In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 10, article id 216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The sectorized description of the (chiral) heterotic string using pure spinors has been misleadingly viewed as an in finite tension string. One evidence for this fact comes from the tree level 3-point graviton amplitude, which we show to contain the usual Einstein term plus a higher curvature contribution. After reintroducing a dimensionful parameter l in the theory, we demonstrate that the heterotic model is in fact two-fold, depending on the choice of the supersymmetric sector, and that the spectrum also contains one massive (open string like) multiplet. By taking the limit l -> 1 infinity, we finally show that the ambitwistor string is recovered, reproducing the unexpected heterotic state in Mason and Skinner's RNS description.

  • 22.
    Azevedo, Tholes
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Chiodaroli, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Johansson, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics. KTH Royal Inst Technol, Roslagstullsbacken 23, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Schlotterer, Oliver
    Albert Einstein Inst, Max Planck Inst Gravitationphys, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany;Perimeter Inst Theoret Phys, Waterloo, ON N2L 2Y5, Canada.
    Heterotic and bosonic string amplitudes via field theory2018In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 10, article id 012Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous work has shown that massless tree amplitudes of the type I and IIA/B superstrings can be dramatically simplified by expressing them as double copies between field-theory amplitudes and scalar disk/sphere integrals, the latter containing all the alpha'-corrections. In this work, we pinpoint similar double-copy constructions for the heterotic and bosonic string theories using an alpha'-dependent field theory and the same disk/sphere integrals. Surprisingly, this field theory, built out of dimension-six operators such as (D mu F mu v)(2), has previously appeared in the double-copy construction of conformal supergravity. We elaborate on the alpha' -> infinity limit in this picture and derive new amplitude relations for various gauge-gravity theories from those of the heterotic string.

  • 23. Babichenko, A.
    et al.
    Dekel, Amit
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Sax, O. O.
    Finite-gap equations for strings on AdS 3 times S 3 times T 4 with mixed 3-form flux2014In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 11, p. 122-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study superstrings on AdS 3 times S 3 times T 4 supported by a combination of Ramond-Ramond and Neveu-Schwarz-Neveu-Schwarz three form fluxes, and write down a set of finite-gap equations that describe the massive part of the classical string spectrum. Using the recently proposed all-loop S-matrix we write down the all-loop Bethe ansatz equations for the massive sector. In the thermodynamic limit the Bethe ansatz reproduces the finite-gap equations. As part of this derivation we propose expressions for the leading order dressing phases. These phases differ from the well-known Arutyunov-Frolov-Staudacher phase that appears in the pure Ramond-Ramond case. We also consider the one-loop quantisation of the algebraic curve and determine the one-loop corrections to the dressing phases. Finally we consider some classical string solutions including finite size giant magnons and circular strings.

  • 24.
    Bah, Ibrahima
    et al.
    Univ Calif San Diego, La Jolla, USA; Johns Hopkins Univ, Baltimore, USA.
    Passias, Achilleas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Tomasiello, Alessandro
    Univ Milano Bicocca, Milan, Italy; INFN, Milan, Italy.
    AdS(5) compactifications with punctures in massive IIA supergravity2017In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 11, article id 050Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We find AdS(5) solutions holographically dual to compactifications of six-dimensional N=(1,0) supersymmetric field theories on Riemann surfaces with punctures. We simplify a previous analysis of supersymmetric AdS(5) IIA solutions, and with a suitable Ansatz we find explicit solutions organized in three classes, where an O8-D8 stack, D6- and D4-branes are simultaneously present, localized and partially localized. The D4-branes are smeared over the Riemann surface and this is interpreted as the presence of a uniform distribution of punctures. For the first class we identify the corresponding six-dimensional theory as an E-string theory coupled to a quiver gauge theory. The second class of solutions lacks D6-branes and its central charge scales as n(5/2), suggesting a five-dimensional origin for the dual field theory. The last class has elements of the previous two.

  • 25.
    Bah, Ibrahima
    et al.
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Baltimore, MD USA.
    Passias, Achilleas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Weck, Peter
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Baltimore, MD USA.
    Holographic duals of five-dimensional SCFTs on a Riemann surface2018In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 1, article id 058Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the twisted compacti fi cations of fi ve-dimensional Seiberg SCFTs, with SU M (2) ENf+1 avor symmetry, on a generic Riemann surface that preserves four supercharges. The fi ve-dimensional SCFTs are obtained from the decoupling limit of N D4-branes probing a geometry of Nf < 8 D8-branes and an O8-plane. In addition to the R-symmetry, we can also twist the avor symmetry by turning on background ux on the Riemann surface. In particular, in the string theory construction of the fi ve-dimensional SCFTs, the background ux for the SU M (2) has a geometric origin, similar to the topological twist of the R-symmetry. We argue that the resulting low-energy three-dimensional theories describe the dynamics on the world-volume of the N D4-branes wrapped on the Riemann surface in the O8/D8 background. The Riemann surface can be described as a curve in a Calabi-Yau three-fold that is a sum of two line bundles over it. This allows for an explicit construction of AdS 4 solutions in massive IIA supergravity dual to the worldvolume theories, thereby providing strong evidence that the three-dimensional SCFTs exist in the low-energy limit of the compacti fi cation of the fi ve-dimensional SCFTs. We compute observables such as the free energy and the scaling dimensions of operators dual to D2-brane probes; these have non-trivial dependence on the twist parameter for the U(1) in SU M (2). The free energy exhibits the N5=2 scaling that is emblematic of fi ve-dimensional SCFTs.

  • 26.
    Bak, Dongsu
    et al.
    Univ Seoul, Phys Dept, Seoul 02504, South Korea..
    Gustafsson, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Five-dimensional fermionic Chern-Simons theory2018In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, article id 037Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study 5d fermionic CS theory with a fermionic 2-form gauge potential. This theory can be obtained from 5d maximally supersymmetric YM theory by performing the maximal topological twist. We put the theory on a five-manifold and compute the partition function. We find that it is a topological quantity, which involves the Ray-Singer torsion of the five-manifold. For abelian gauge group we consider the uplift to the 6d theory and find a mismatch between the 5d partition function and the 6d index, due to the nontrivial dimensional reduction of a selfdual two-form gauge field on a circle. We also discuss an application of the 5d theory to generalized knots made of 2d sheets embedded in 5d.

  • 27. Balasubramanian, V.
    et al.
    Bernamonti, A.
    Craps, B.
    Keränen, V.
    Keski-Vakkuri, Esko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Müller, B.
    Thorlacius, L.
    Vanhoof, J.
    Thermalization of the spectral function in strongly coupled two dimensional conformal field theories2013In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, Vol. 4, p. 069-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using Wigner transforms of Green functions, we discuss non-equilibrium generalizations of spectral functions and occupation numbers. We develop methods for computing time-dependent spectral functions in conformal field theories holographically dual to thin-shell AdS-Vaidya spacetimes.

  • 28. Balasubramanian, V.
    et al.
    Bernamonti, A.
    de Boer, J.
    Copland, N.
    Craps, B.
    Keski-Vakkuri, Esko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Mueller, B.
    Schaefer, A.
    Shigemori, M.
    Staessens, W.
    Holographic thermalization2011In: Physical Review D, ISSN 1550-7998, E-ISSN 1550-2368, Vol. 84, no 2, p. 026010-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using the AdS/CFT correspondence, we probe the scale dependence of thermalization in strongly coupled field theories following a sudden injection of energy via calculations of two-point functions, Wilson loops, and entanglement entropy in d = 2, 3, 4. In the saddle-point approximation these probes are computed in AdS space in terms of invariant geometric objects-geodesics, minimal surfaces, and minimal volumes. Our calculations for two-dimensional field theories are analytical. In our strongly coupled setting, all probes in all dimensions share certain universal features in their thermalization: (1) a slight delay in the onset of thermalization, (2) an apparent nonanalyticity at the endpoint of thermalization, (3) top-down thermalization where the UV thermalizes first. For homogeneous initial conditions the entanglement entropy thermalizes slowest and sets a timescale for equilibration that saturates a causality bound over the range of scales studied. The growth rate of entanglement entropy density is nearly volume-independent for small volumes, but slows for larger volumes.

  • 29. Balasubramanian, V.
    et al.
    Bernamonti, A.
    de Boer, J.
    Craps, B.
    Franti, L.
    Galli, F.
    Keski-Vakkuri, Esko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Mueller, B.
    Schaefer, A.
    Inhomogeneous holographic thermalization2013In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 10, p. 082-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The sudden injection of energy in a strongly coupled conformal field theory and its subsequent thermalization can be holographically modeled by a shell falling into anti-de Sitter space and forming a black brane. For a homogeneous shell, Bhattacharyya and Minwalla were able to study this process analytically using a weak field approximation. Motivated by event-by-event fluctuations in heavy ion collisions, we include inhomogeneities in this model, obtaining analytic results in a long wavelength expansion. In the early-time window in which our approximations can be trusted, the resulting evolution matches well with that of a simple free streaming model. Near the end of this time window, we find that the stress tensor approaches that of second-order viscous hydrodynamics. We comment on possible lessons for heavy ion phenomenology.

  • 30. Balasubramanian, V.
    et al.
    Bernamonti, A.
    de Boer, J.
    Craps, B.
    Franti, L.
    Galli, F.
    Keski-Vakkuri, Esko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Mueller, B.
    Schaefer, A.
    Inhomogeneous Thermalization in Strongly Coupled Field Theories2013In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 111, no 23, p. 231602-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To describe theoretically the creation and evolution of the quark-gluon plasma, one typically employs three ingredients: a model for the initial state, nonhydrodynamic early time evolution, and hydrodynamics. In this Letter we study the nonhydrodynamic early time evolution using the AdS/CFT correspondence in the presence of inhomogeneities. We find that the AdS description of the early time evolution is well matched by free streaming. Near the end of the early time interval where our analytic computations are reliable, the stress tensor agrees with the second order hydrodynamic stress tensor computed from the local energy density and fluid velocity. Our techniques may also be useful for the study of far-from-equilibrium strongly coupled systems in other areas of physics.

  • 31. Balatsky, Alexander
    et al.
    Gudnason, Sven Bjarke
    Kedem, Yaron
    Krikun, Alexander
    Thorlacius, Larus
    Zarembo, Konstantin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Classical and quantum temperature fluctuations via holography2015In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 1, article id 011Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study local temperature fluctuations in a 2+1 dimensional CFT on the sphere, dual to a black hole in asymptotically AdS spacetime. The fluctuation spectrum is governed by the lowest-lying hydrodynamic modes of the system whose frequency and damping rate determine whether temperature fluctuations are thermal or quantum. We calculate numerically the corresponding quasinormal frequencies and match the result with the hydrodynamics of the dual CFT at high temperature. As a by-product of our analysis we determine the appropriate boundary conditions for calculating low-lying quasinormal modes for a four-dimensional Reissner-Nordstrom black hole in global AdS.

  • 32.
    Banerjee, Amitava
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Chakraborty, Sudip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Ahuja, Rajeev
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics.
    Rashba Triggered Electronic and Optical Properties in De Novo Designed Mixed Halide Hybrid PerovskitesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 33. Banerjee, Sibasish
    et al.
    Longhi, Pietro
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Romo, Mauricio
    Exploring 5d BPS Spectra with Exponential Networks2018In: Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We develop geometric techniques for counting BPS states in five-dimensional gauge theories engineered by M theory on a toric Calabi-Yau threefold. The problem is approached by studying framed 3d-5d wall-crossing in presence of a single M5 brane wrapping a special Lagrangian submanifold L. The spectrum of 3d-5d BPS states is encoded by the geometry of the manifold of vacua of the 3d-5d system, which further coincides with the mirror curve describing moduli of the Lagrangian brane. The information about the BPS spectrum is extracted from the geometry of the mirror curve by construction of a nonabelianization map for the exponential networks. For the simplest Calabi-Yau, C3 we reproduce the count of 5d BPS states encoded by the Mac Mahon function in the context of topological strings, and match predictions of 3d tt∗ geometry for the count of 3d-5d BPS states. We comment on applications of our construction to the study of enumerative invariants of toric Calabi-Yau threefolds.

  • 34.
    Banerjee, Souvik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Bryan, Jan-Willem
    Univ Groningen, Van Swinderen Inst Particle Phys & Grav, Nijenborgh 4, NL-9747 AG Groningen, Netherlands..
    Vos, Gideon
    Univ Groningen, Van Swinderen Inst Particle Phys & Grav, Nijenborgh 4, NL-9747 AG Groningen, Netherlands..
    On the universality of late-time correlators in semi-classical 2d CFTs2018In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 8, article id 047Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the framework of the AdS3/CFT2 correspondence, we present a systematic analysis of the late time thermalization of a two dimensional CFT state created by insertion of small number of heavy operators on the vacuum. We show that at late Lorentzian time, the universal features of this thermalization are solely captured by the eigenvalues of the monodromy matrix corresponding to the solutions of the uniformization equation. We discuss two different ways to extract the monodromy eigenvalues while bypassing the need for finding explicitly the full monodromy matrix - first, using a monodromy preserving diffeomorphism and second using Chen-Simons formulation of gravity in AdS(3). Both of the methods yield the same precise relation between the eigenvalues and the final black hole temperature at late Lorentzian time.

  • 35.
    Banerjee, Souvik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Danielsson, Ulf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Dibitetto, Giuseppe
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Giri, Suvendu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Schillo, Marjorie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Emergent de Sitter cosmology from decaying Anti-de Sitter Space2018In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 121, no 26, article id 261301Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent developments in string compactifications demonstrate obstructions to the simplest constructions of low energy cosmologies with positive vacuum energy. The existence of obstacles to creating scale-separated de Sitter solutions indicates a UV/IR puzzle for embedding cosmological vacua in a unitary theory of quantum gravity. Motivated by this puzzle, we propose an embedding of positive energy Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker cosmology within string theory. Our proposal involves confining 4D gravity on a brane which mediates the decay from a nonsupersymmetric five-dimensional anti-de Sitter false vacuum to a true vacuum. In this way, it is natural for a 4D observer to experience an effective positive cosmological constant coupled to matter and radiation, avoiding the need for scale separation or a fundamental de Sitter vacuum.

  • 36.
    Banerjee, Souvik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics. Julius Maximilians Univ Wurzburg, Inst Theoret Phys & Astrophys, D-97074 Wurzburg, Germany..
    Erdmenger, Johanna
    Julius Maximilians Univ Wurzburg, Inst Theoret Phys & Astrophys, D-97074 Wurzburg, Germany.;Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, Werner Heisenberg Inst, Fohringer Ring 6, D-80805 Munich, Germany..
    Sarkar, Debajyoti
    Max Planck Inst Phys & Astrophys, Werner Heisenberg Inst, Fohringer Ring 6, D-80805 Munich, Germany.;Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Arnold Sommerfeld Ctr, Theresienstr 37, D-80333 Munich, Germany..
    Connecting Fisher information to bulk entanglement in holography2018In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 8, article id 001Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of relating AdS/CFT to quantum information theory, we propose a holographic dual of Fisher information metric for mixed states in the boundary field theory. This amounts to a holographic measure for the distance between two mixed quantum states. For a spherical subregion in the boundary we show that this is related to a particularly regularized volume enclosed by the Ryu-Takayanagi surface. We further argue that the quantum correction to the proposed Fisher information metric is related to the quantum correction to the boundary entanglement entropy. We discuss consequences of this connection.

  • 37.
    Banerjee, Souvik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Gaddam, Nava
    Univ Utrecht, Inst Theoret Phys, Princetonpl 5, NL-3584 CC Utrecht, Netherlands.;Univ Utrecht, Ctr Extreme Matter & Emergent Phenomena, Princetonpl 5, NL-3584 CC Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Mukhopadhyay, Ayan
    Vienna Univ Technol, Inst Theoret Phys, Wiedner Hauptstr 8-10, A-1040 Vienna, Austria.;CERN, Dept Theoret Phys, CH-1211 Geneva 23, Switzerland..
    Illustrated study of the semiholographic nonperturbative framework2017In: Physical Review D: covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology, ISSN 2470-0010, E-ISSN 2470-0029, Vol. 95, no 6, article id 066017Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Semiholography has been proposed as an effective nonperturbative framework which can consistently combine perturbative and nonperturbative effects for theories like QCD. It is postulated that the strongly coupled nonperturbative sector has a holographic dual in the form of a classical gravity theory in the large N limit, and the perturbative fields determine the gravitational boundary conditions. In this work, we pursue a fundamental derivation of this framework particularly showing how perturbative physics by itself can determine the holographic dual of the infrared, and also the interactions between the perturbative and the holographic sectors. We firstly demonstrate that the interactions between the two sectors can be constrained through the existence of a conserved local energy-momentum tensor for the full system up to hard-soft coupling constants. As an illustration, we set up a biholographic toy theory where both the UV and IR sectors are strongly coupled and holographic with distinct classical gravity duals. In this construction, the requirement that an appropriate gluing can cure the singularities (geodetic incompleteness) of the respective geometries leads us to determine the parameters of the IR theory and the hard-soft couplings in terms of those of the UV theory. The high energy scale behavior of the hard-soft couplings is state-independent but their runnings turn out to be state-dependent. We discuss how our approach can be adapted to the construction of the semiholographic framework for QCD.

  • 38.
    Bargheer, Till
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Beisert, N.
    Loebbert, F.
    McLoughlin, T.
    Conformal anomaly for amplitudes in N =6 superconformal Chern-Simons theory2012In: Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical, ISSN 1751-8113, E-ISSN 1751-8121, Vol. 45, no 47, p. 475402-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scattering amplitudes in three-dimensional N = 6 ChernSimons theory are shown to be non-invariant with respect to the free representation of the osp(6|4) symmetry generators. At tree and one-loop level these anomalous terms occur only for non-generic, singular configurations of the external momenta and can be used to determine the form of the amplitudes. In particular we show that the symmetries predict that the one-loop six-point amplitude is non-vanishing and confirm this by means of an explicit calculation using generalized unitarity methods. We comment on the implications of this finding for any putative Wilson loop/amplitude duality in N = 6 ChernSimons theory.

  • 39.
    Bargheer, Till
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Beisert, Niklas
    Loebbert, Florian
    Exact superconformal and Yangian symmetry of scattering amplitudes2011In: Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical, ISSN 1751-8113, E-ISSN 1751-8121, Vol. 44, no 45, p. 454012-Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We review recent progress in the understanding of symmetries for scattering amplitudes in N = 4 superconformal Yang-Mills theory. It is summarized how the superficial breaking of superconformal symmetry by collinear anomalies and the renormalization process can be cured at tree and loop level. This is achieved by correcting the representation of the superconformal group on amplitudes. Moreover, we comment on the Yangian symmetry of scattering amplitudes and how it inherits these correction terms from the ordinary Lie algebra symmetry. Invariants under this algebra and their relation to the Gra(sis)mannian generating function for scattering amplitudes are discussed. Finally, parallel developments in N = 6 superconformal Chern-Simons theory are summarized. This paper is an invited review for a special issue of Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical devoted to 'Scattering amplitudes in gauge theories'.

  • 40.
    Bargheer, Till
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    He, Song
    McLoughlin, Tristan
    New Relations for Three-Dimensional Supersymmetric Scattering Amplitudes2012In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 108, no 23, p. 231601-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We provide evidence for a duality between color and kinematics in three-dimensional supersymmetric Chern-Simons matter theories. We show that the six-point amplitude in the maximally supersymmetric N = 8 theory can be arranged so that the kinematic factors satisfy the fundamental identity of three-algebras. We further show that the four- and six-point N = 8 amplitudes can be squared into the amplitudes of N = 16 three-dimensional supergravity, thus providing evidence for a hidden three-algebra structure in the dynamics of the supergravity.

  • 41. Bargheer, Till
    et al.
    Minahan, Joseph A.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Pereira, Raul
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Computing Three-Point Functions for Short Operators2014In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 3, p. 096-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We compute the three-point structure constants for short primary operators of N=4 super Yang-Mills theory to leading order in the inverse coupling by mapping the problem to a flat-space string theory calculation. We check the validity of our procedure by comparing to known results for three chiral primaries. We then compute the three-point functions for any combination of chiral and non-chiral primaries, with the non-chiral primaries all dual to string states at the first massive level. Along the way we find many cancellations that leave us with simple expressions, suggesting that integrability is playing an important role.

  • 42.
    Baum, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    On the metastability of the Standard Model2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the discovery of a particle consistent with the Standard Model (SM) Higgs at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN in 2012, the final ingredient of the SM has been found. The SM provides us with a powerful description of the physics of fundamental particles, holding up at all energy scales we can probe with accelerator based experiments. However, astrophysics and cosmology show us that the SM is not the final answer, but e.g. fails to describe dark matter and massive neutrinos. Like any non-trivial quantum field theory, the SM must be subject to a so-called renormalization procedure in order to extrapolate the model between different energy scales. In this context, new problems of more theoretical nature arise, e.g. the famous hierarchy problem of the Higgs mass. Renormalization also leads to what is known as the metastability problem of the SM: assuming the particle found at the LHC is the SM Higgs boson, the potential develops a second minimum deeper than the electroweak one in which we live, at energy scales below the Planck scale. Absolute stability all the way up to the Planck scale is excluded at a confidence level of about 98 %. For the central experimental SM values the instability occurs at scales larger than ~ 10¹⁰ GeV.

    One can take two viewpoints regarding this instability: assuming validity of the SM all the way up to the Planck scale, the problem does not necessarily lead to an inconsistency of our existence. If we assume our universe to have ended up in the electroweak minimum after the Big Bang, the probability that it would have transitioned to its true minimum during the lifetime of the universe is spectacularly small.  If we on the other hand demand absolute stability, new physics must modify the SM at or below the instability scale of ~ 10¹⁰ GeV, and we can explore which hints the instability might provide us with on this new physics.

    In this work, the metastability problem of the SM and possible implications are revisited. We give an introduction to the technique of renormalization and apply this to the SM. We then discuss the stability of the SM potential and the hints this might provide us with on new physics at large scales.

  • 43.
    Baum, Sebastian
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Cantatore, G.
    Hoffmann, D. H. H.
    Karuza, M.
    Semertzidis, Y. K.
    Upadhye, A.
    Zioutas, K.
    Detecting solar chameleons through radiation pressure2014In: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 739, p. 167-173Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Light scalar fields can drive the accelerated expansion of the universe. Hence, they are obvious dark energy candidates. To make such models compatible with tests of General Relativity in the solar system and "fifth force" searches on Earth, one needs to screen them. One possibility is the so-called "chameleon" mechanism, which renders an effective mass depending on the local matter density. If chameleon particles exist, they can be produced in the sun and detected on Earthexploiting the equivalent of a radiation pressure. Since their effective mass scales with the local matter density, chameleons can be reflected by a dense medium if their effective mass becomes greater than their total energy. Thus, under appropriate conditions, a flux of solar chameleons may be sensed by detecting the total instantaneous momentum transferred to a suitable opto-mechanical force/pressure sensor. We calculate the solar chameleon spectrum and the reach in the chameleon parameter space of an experiment using the preliminary results from a force/pressure sensor, currently under development at INFN Trieste, to be mounted in the focal plane of one of the X-Ray telescopes of the CAST experiment at CERN. We show, that such an experiment signifies a pioneering effort probing uncharted chameleon parameter space.

  • 44. Beisert, Niklas
    et al.
    Ahn, Changrim
    Alday, Luis
    Bajnok, Zoltan
    Drummond, James M.
    Freyhult, Lisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Gromov, Nikolay
    Janik, Romuald A.
    Kazakov, Vladimir
    Klose, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Korchemsky, Gregory P
    Kristjansen, Charlotte
    Magro, Marc
    McLoughlin, Tristan
    Minahan, Joseph A.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Nepomechie, Rafael I.
    Rej, Adam
    Roiban, Radu
    Schäfer-Nameki, Sakura
    Sieg, Christoph
    Staudacher, Matthias
    Torrielli, Alessandro
    Tseytlin, Arkady A.
    Vieira, Pedro
    Volin, Dmytro
    Zoubos, Konstantinos
    Review of AdS/CFT Integrability: An Overview2012In: Letters in Mathematical Physics, ISSN 0377-9017, E-ISSN 1573-0530, Vol. 99, no 1-3, p. 3-32Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is the introductory chapter of a review collection on integrability in the context of the AdS/CFT correspondence. In the collection we present an overview of the achievements and the status of this subject as of the year 2010.

  • 45. Beisert, Niklas
    et al.
    Freyhult, Lisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Fluctuations and energy shifts in the Bethe ansatz.2005In: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 622, no 3-4, p. 343-348Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Belyaev, A. K.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Lebedev, O. V.
    Nonadiabatic nuclear dynamics of atomic collisions based on branching classical trajectories2012In: Journal of Physics, Conference Series, ISSN 1742-6588, E-ISSN 1742-6596, Vol. 388, no 9, p. 092007-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The nonadiabatic nuclear dynamics of low-energy Na + H collisions is studied by the branching classical trajectory approach. The calculated inelastic cross sections are in good agreement with the results of full quantum calculations.

  • 47. Bena, I.
    et al.
    Blåbäck, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Danielsson, Ulf H.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Van Riet, T.
    Antibranes cannot become black2013In: Physical Review D, ISSN 1550-7998, E-ISSN 1550-2368, Vol. 87, no 10, p. 104023-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When D-branes are inserted in flux backgrounds of opposite charge, the resulting solution has a certain singularity in the fluxes. Recently it has been argued, using numerical solutions, that for anti-D3 branes in the Klebanov-Strassler background, these singularities cannot be cloaked by a horizon, which strongly suggests they are not physical. In this paper we provide an analytic proof that the singularity of all codimension-three antibrane solutions (such as anti-D6 branes in massive type IIA supergravity or anti-D3 branes smeared on the T-3 of R-3 x T-3 with fluxes) cannot be hidden behind a horizon and that the charge of black branes with smooth event horizons must have the same sign as the charge of the flux background. Our result indicates that infinitesimally blackening the antibranes immediately triggers brane-flux annihilation and strengthens the intuition that antibranes placed in flux with positive charge immediately annihilate against it.

  • 48.
    Bengtsson, Kristoffer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Broadening of spectral lines in the Gaia-ESO survey2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Analyzing stellar spectra plays a big role in understanding the evolution of our galaxy. Having good data for spectral line properties is very important when analyzing these spectra. One part of the Gaia-ESO public spectroscopic survey (GES) is to gather data for spectral line properties from stellar spectra. The scope of this project is to study one of these properties, the spectral line width caused by collisional broadening by hydrogen. Collisional broadening by hydrogen occurs when a hydrogen atom collides with a particle. The goal of this project is to successfully calculate the collisional spectral line broadening of iron lines where new data is missing from the GES using modern quantum mechanical calculations. These calculations are done using the ABO theory, which is more advanced than previously established theory.A table of Fe-I (Neutral iron) spectral lines without collisional broadening data in the GES has been provided. Using the ABO theory and the accompanying ABO cross section calculator code, estimates of collisional broadening by hydrogen have been calculated for these lines. The new calculations predict that the line width of the spectral lines are typically twice as large compared to older estimates calculated using simpler theory. This new data can be expected to improve stellar spectrum analysis in the Gaia-ESO survey spectra.

  • 49.
    Ben-Shahar, Maor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    The double-copy method for supergravity amplitudes2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The double-copy construction enables the calculation of scattering amplitudes in theories of gravity by combining amplitudes from gauge theories. It relies on obtaining numerators that obey a duality between color and numerator factors, called color-kinematics duality. This construction is reviewed, along with the spinor-helicity formalism for onshell states and supersymmetry in amplitudes. Using generalized unitarity, a one-loop amplitude is verified from literature for a N = 2 theory obeying color-kinematics duality. This amplitude, along with a one-loop amplitude for a N = 0 theory are combined with the double copy in order to produce one-loop amplitudes from homogeneous supergravities. The one-loop divergence is studied with the methods of counterterm analysis, that is, operators necessary to cancel the on-shell matrix element of the divergence are identified for the amplitudes studied. It is interesting to note that all vectors produced from the double copy behave in the same way, that is, have the same divergence, for the four special cases of the magical supergravities. Furthermore, one of the counterterms vanishes for these four special cases, which is likely related to the enhanced symmetry that these theories posses.

  • 50.
    Ben-Shahar, Maor
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    Chiodaroli, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
    One-loop Amplitudes for N= 2 Homogeneous Supergravities2019In: Journal of High Energy Physics (JHEP), ISSN 1126-6708, E-ISSN 1029-8479, no 3, article id 153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We compute one-loop matter amplitudes in homogeneous Maxwell-Einstein supergravities with N = 2 supersymmetry using the double-copy construction. We start from amplitudes of N = 2 super-Yang-Mills theory with matter that obey manifestly the duality between color and kinematics. Taking advantage of the fact that amplitudes with external hypermultiplets have kinematical numerators which do not present any explicit dependence on the loop momentum, we find a relation between the one-loop divergence of the supergravity amplitudes and the beta function of the non-supersymmetric gauge theory entering the construction. Two distinct linearized counterterms are generated at one loop. The divergence corresponding to the first is nonzero for all homogeneous supergravities, while the divergence associated to the second vanishes only in the case of the four Magical supergravities.

1234567 1 - 50 of 569
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