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  • 1.
    Andersson-Engels, Stefan
    et al.
    Inst för fysik Lunds Tekniska Högskola.
    Pålsson, S
    Backlund, Erik Olof
    IMT LiU.
    Sturnegk, Patrik
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Neurosurgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of Neurosurgery UHL.
    Lundberg, Peter
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiation Physics. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Surgery and Oncology, Department of Radiation Physics. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV).
    Smedby, Örjan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV).
    Svanberg, K
    Eriksson, Ola
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Biomedical Instrumentation.
    Wårdell, Karin
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Biomedical Instrumentation.
    ALA-PpIX Fluorescence and spectroscopy in connection with stereotactic biopsy of human glioblastomas2005In: European Conference on Biomedical Optics,2005, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2. Anfelter, P
    et al.
    Granerus, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Physiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart Centre, Department of Clinical Physiology.
    Stenström, Hugo
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Eriksson, Per
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Rheumatology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medicine, Department of Rheumatology in Östergötland.
    Nyström, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Internal Medicine. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medicine, Department of Endocrinology and Gastroenterology UHL.
    The effect of percutaneous dilatation of renal arterial stenosis on captopril renography in hypertension2005In: Blood Pressure, ISSN 0803-7051, E-ISSN 1651-1999, Vol. 14, no 6, p. 359-365Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. The clinical effects of percutaneous transluminal renal artery angioplasty (PTRA) in patients with renal vascular stenosis and hypertension is controversial. Methods. We consecutively recruited all 23 patients referred for evaluation of renovascular hypertension that eventually underwent unilateral PTRA, to be investigated with captopril MAG3 renography (CR), both before and after the endovascular procedure. Data were evaluated on an intention-to-treat basis. Results. We found that the relative MAG3 clearance of the stenotic kidney increased (from 29.9 ± 14% to 35.1 ± 14%, p=0.01) and that the creatinine levels fell following the intervention (from 110 ± 19 to 99 ± 17 μmol/l, p=0.0003). Blood pressure levels were also lowered (from 173 ± 32/93 ± 17 to 158 ± 31/86 ± 15 mmHg, p<0.006) while the mean number of anti-hypertensive drugs was unchanged following PTRA (2.9 ± 1.4 before and 2.8 ± 1.3 drugs after the intervention, respectively, p-0.6). Conclusion. This prospective trial showed statistically significant improvements of individual kidney function as measured by CR and blood pressure in subjects with suspected renovascular hypertension treated with PTRA. Although the endovascular procedure was found to be safe, the magniture of the absolute improvements was rather modest. © 2005 Taylor & Francis.

  • 3.
    Arlander, E
    et al.
    Stockholm.
    Cederlund, T
    Stockholm.
    Måre, Klas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    No volume effect on retrograde colonic spread of rectally-administered ropivacaine gel2003In: Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, ISSN 0269-2813, E-ISSN 1365-2036, Vol. 18, no 6, p. 655-660Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Rectal administration of enemas, foams and suppositories is the most efficient way to deliver locally acting drugs to the distal colon. Ropivacaine, a long-acting local anaesthetic, was chosen as a candidate for a new rectal treatment of ulcerative colitis. Aim: To determine the colonic spread of a rectal ropivacaine formulation. Methods: In this randomized, incomplete cross-over study, 12 male volunteers were given 200 mg ropivacaine HCl rectally in 20, 40, 60 and 80 mL hydroxypropyl methylcellulose gel. The viscosity of the gel was 1.1 Pa s. The spread of the radiolabelled ( 99mTc-labelled diethylenetriaminepenta-acetic acid) formulations was assessed by gamma-scintigraphy. Plasma was collected and analysed for ropivacaine base. Results: The retrograde spread was limited to the descending colon and the difference between the studied volumes was not statistically significant. Only the 80-mL volume tended to have a larger distribution, although the 20-mL volume showed the same maximal distribution in two subjects. No distinct relationship between volume, retrograde colonic spread and plasma concentrations could be found. Ropivacaine was well tolerated. Conclusions: Rectal ropivacaine gel in all volumes between 20 and 80 mL can spread up to the descending colon. There was no relationship between either retrograde colonic spread or the administered volume and the ropivacaine plasma concentrations.

  • 4. Bergman, I
    et al.
    Lundberg, Peter
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Nilsson, M
    Microbial carbon mineralisation in an acid surface peat: effects of environmental factors in laboratory incubations.1999In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, ISSN 0038-0717, E-ISSN 1879-3428, Vol. 31, p. 1867-1877Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5. Bergqvist, D
    et al.
    Blomqvist, P
    Eliasson, M
    Eriksson, H
    Hellgren-Wångdahl, M
    Holmberg, Lars
    Janson, J
    Lindahl, T
    Lindholm, C
    Ljungström, KG
    Måre, Klas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Nyman, U
    Rosfors, Stefan
    Schulman, S
    Blodpropp - förebyggande, diagnostik och behandling av venös tromboembolism. En systematisk kunskapssammanställning.2002In: Fetma - problem och åtgärder :: en systematisk litteraturöversikt / [ed] Nils-Georg Asp, Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2002, p. -503Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att utvärdera det vetenskapliga underlaget för olika åtgärder mot fetma hos vuxna och barn. Underlaget för såväl förebyggande åtgärder som olika behandlingsformer granskats. Bland behandlingsmetoderna ingår kost/diet, motion, beteendeterapi, läkemedel, alternativmedicinska och kirurgiska metoder.

  • 6.
    Brismar, T
    et al.
    Department of Radiology, CLINTEC, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Dahlström, Nils
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV). Department of Radiology, Hudiksvall Hospital, Sweden.
    Smedby, Örjan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV).
    Persson, Anders
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV).
    Albiin, N
    Department of Radiology, CLINTEC, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Liver vessel enhancement by Gd-BOPTA and Gd-EOB-DTPA- a comparison in healthy volunteers2006In: ISMRM 2006,2006, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Dahlqvist Leinhard, Olof
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    Dahlström, Nils
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Radiology . Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    Brismar, T
    Sandström, Per
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Surgery . Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Surgery and Oncology, Department of Surgery in Östergötland.
    Kihlberg, Johan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    Smedby, Örjan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    Lundberg, Peter
    Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Radiation Physics . Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Radiology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Surgery and Oncology, Department of Radiation Physics. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology in Linköping.
    A liver function test based on measurement of liver-specific contrast agent uptake2008In: Proceedings 16th Scientific meeting, ISMRM,2008, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 8.
    Dahlström, N
    et al.
    Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    Brismar, TB
    Persson, Anders
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    Smedby, Örjan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    Albiin, N
    Biliary enhancement of Gd-BOPTA and Gd-EOB-DTPA - a study in healthy volunteers2006In: ISMRM,2006, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9. Duffy, S
    et al.
    Agbaje, O
    Tabar, L
    Bedrich, Vitak
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Bjurstam, N
    Björneld, L
    Myles, J
    Warwick, J
    Estimates of overdiagnosis from two trials of mammographic screening for breast cancer2005In: Breast Cancer Research, ISSN 1465-5411, E-ISSN 1465-542X, Vol. 7, no 6, p. 258-265Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Randomised controlled trials have shown that the policy of mammographic screening confers a substantial and significant reduction in breast cancer mortality. This has often been accompanied, however, by an increase in breast cancer incidence, particularly during the early years of a screening programme, which has led to concerns about overdiagnosis, that is to say, the diagnosis of disease that, if left undetected and therefore untreated, would not become symptomatic. We used incidence data from two randomised controlled trials of mammographic screening, the Swedish Two-county Trial and the Gothenburg Trial, to establish the timing and magnitude of any excess incidence of invasive disease and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) in the study groups, to ascertain whether the excess incidence of DCIS reported early in a screening trial is balanced by a later deficit in invasive disease and provide explicit estimates of the rate of 'real' and non-progressive 'overdiagnosed' tumours from the study groups of the trials. We used a multistate model for overdiagnosis and used Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods to estimate the parameters. After taking into account the effect of lead time, we estimated that less than 5% of cases diagnosed at prevalence screen and less than 1 % of cases diagnosed at incidence screens are being overdiagnosed. Overall, we estimate overdiagnosis to be around 1 % of all cases diagnosed in screened populations. These estimates are, however, subject to considerable uncertainty. Our results suggest that overdiagnosis in mammography screening is a minor phenomenon, but further studies with very large numbers are required for more precise estimation. © 2005 BioMed Central Ltd.

  • 10. Duffy, SW
    et al.
    Tabar, L
    Vitak, B
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Day, NE
    Smith, RA
    Chen, HHT
    Yen, MFA
    The relative contributions of screen-detected in situ and invasive breast carcinomas in reducing mortality from the disease2003In: European Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0959-8049, E-ISSN 1879-0852, Vol. 39, no 12, p. 1755-1760Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We aimed to quantify the benefits of detecting ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and of downwards stage-shifting within invasive tumours in mammographic screening. Using data from the Swedish Two-County Trial of breast cancer screening, we examined the 20-year death rates from invasive tumours of stage II or worse, invasive tumours of stage I and DCIS. We then used these rates and their respective incidences in invited (active study population, ASP) and control (passive study population, PSP) arms of the trial, to estimate the numbers of deaths avoided by downward stage-shifting the larger stage II or worse tumours to stage I and the stage I cancers to DCIS. We also studied the association between the mortality reduction achieved and the proportion of DCIS cases detected in the randomised trials of breast cancer screening. In the Swedish Two County Trial, 141 breast cancer deaths were avoided in the ASP compared with the PSP at approximately 20 years of follow-up. Of these, 65% (91/141) were avoided as a result of stage-shifting from invasive stage II or worse to invasive stage I, and 5% (7/141) as a result of stage-shifting from invasive stage I to DCIS. If we assumed that 10% of stage II or worse tumours avoided were shifted not to stage I, but to DCIS, the estimated number of deaths prevented by shifting from invasive disease to in situ was 17, which is 12% of all deaths prevented. When the results of all the randomised trials of breast cancer screening were reviewed, there was no clear association between the percentage of DCIS cases diagnosed and the observed mortality reduction. We conclude that compared with downward stage-shifting of invasive tumours, detection of DCIS plays a small part in saving lives from breast cancer. Treatment decisions in DCIS, as in invasive carcinoma, should take full account of histopathological, clinical and radiological attributes of the tumour. ⌐ 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 11.
    Duffy, S.W.
    et al.
    Cancer Research UK Center for Epidemiology, Mathematics, and Statistics, Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, London, United Kingdom, Department of Cancer Screening, Cancer Research UK Center for Epidemiology, Mathematics, and Statistics, Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Charterhouse Square, London EC1M 6BQ, United Kingdom.
    Tabar, L.
    Mammography Department, Central Hospital, Falun, Sweden.
    Vitak, B.
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Warwick, J.
    Cancer Research UK Center for Epidemiology, Mathematics, and Statistics, Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, London, United Kingdom.
    Tumor size and breast cancer detection: What might be the effect of a less sensitive screening tool than mammography?2006In: The Breast Journal, ISSN 1075-122X, E-ISSN 1524-4741, Vol. 12, no SUPPL. 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In some limited-resource areas, a state-of-the-art mammography program is not affordable. In such circumstances, one might consider a less resource-intensive, but also less sensitive screening tool such as clinical breast examination (CBE). We used data from the Swedish Two-County Trial to estimate the shift in tumor size resulting from invitation to mammographic screening. By postulating a lesser benefit of a less sensitive screening tool (CBE), particularly in terms of detecting very small tumors, we predicted its likely effect on tumor size distribution. In addition, using the observed association between tumor size and nodal status, and between tumor size and fatality, we predicted the likely benefit in terms of reductions in node-positive disease and in breast cancer mortality. An invitation to mammographic screening was associated with a 27% reduction in the number of node-positive tumors and a 31% reduction in the number of breast cancer deaths. We estimate that in the trial population, screening with CBE alone would have led to an 11% reduction in node-positive tumors and an 11% reduction in breast cancer deaths (approximately 42 deaths prevented per 1000 cases). Assuming instead a tumor size distribution typical of a limited-resource setting (70% of tumors are 30 mm at presentation), we estimate that screening with CBE alone would lead to a 13% reduction in node-positive tumors and a 12% reduction in breast cancer deaths (approximately 72 deaths prevented per 1000 cases). Thus, although the relative benefit of CBE is only slightly greater in the limited-resource setting, the absolute reduction in deaths per case is about 70% higher. Our findings suggest that a less sensitive tool might be expected to confer a breast cancer mortality reduction about half of that observed with mammography. © 2006 The Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.

  • 12.
    Duffy, S.W.
    et al.
    Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom.
    Tabar, L.
    Falun Central Hospital, Falun, Sweden.
    Vitak, B.
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Yen, M.F.
    Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom.
    Warwick, J.
    Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom.
    Smith, R.A.
    American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, United States.
    Chen, H.H.
    Institute of Preventive Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.
    The Swedish two-county trial of mammographic screening: Cluster randomisation and end point evaluation2003In: Annals of Oncology, ISSN 0923-7534, E-ISSN 1569-8041, Vol. 14, no 8, p. 1196-1198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Swedish Two-County Trial has been criticised on the grounds of the cluster randomisation and alleged bias in classification of cause of death. Patients and methods: In the Two-County Trial, 77080 women were randomised to regular invitation to screening (active study population, ASP) and 55985 to no invitation (passive study population, PSP), in 45 geographical clusters. After ~7 years, the PSP was invited to screening and the trial closed. We analysed data using hierarchical statistical models to take account of cluster randomisation, and performed a conservative analysis assuming a systematic difference between ASP and PSP in baseline breast cancer mortality in one of the counties. We also analysed deaths from causes other than breast cancer and from all causes among breast cancer cases diagnosed in the ASP and PSP. Results: Taking account of the cluster randomisation there was a significant 30% reduction in breast cancer mortality in the ASP. Conservatively, assuming a systematic difference between ASP and PSP clusters in baseline breast cancer mortality, there was a significant 27% reduction in mortality in the ASP. Ignoring classification of cause of death, there was a significant 13% reduction in all-cause mortality in breast cancer cases in the ASP. Conclusions: Breast cancer mortality is a valid end point and mammographic screening does indeed reduce mortality from breast cancer. The criticisms of the Swedish Two-County Trial are unfounded.

  • 13. Edvardsson, Hannes
    et al.
    Smedby, Örjan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    Compact and efficient 3D shape description through radial function approximation2003In: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine, ISSN 0169-2607, E-ISSN 1872-7565, Vol. 72, no 2, p. 89-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A fast and simple method for three-dimensional shape description is described. The method views a 3D object as a radial distance function on the unit sphere, and thus reduces the dimensionality of the description problem by one. The radial distance function is approximated by Fourier methods in the basis of the spherical harmonic polynomials. The necessary integration is carried out on the object boundary, rather than on the unit sphere. Consequently, there is no need of a parameterisation of the object surface. The description makes it possible to compare shapes in a computationally very simple way. Solutions on how to cope with translated and rotated objects are discussed. The method is developed for star-shaped objects, but is stable even if the input image is non-star-shaped. The method is tested in a data set from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain. Potential medical applications are discussed. ⌐ 2002 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 14.
    Engström, Elias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Radiology . Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    Persson, Anders
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Radiology . Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    Berge, J
    Engvall, Jan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Clinical Physiology . Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart Centre, Department of Clinical Physiology. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    Wigström, Lars
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Clinical Physiology . Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart Centre, Department of Clinical Physiology.
    Zachrisson, Helene
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Clinical Physiology . Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart Centre, Department of Clinical Physiology. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    Dual-energy CT of ex-vivo tissue samples.2008In: Cardiovaskulära vårmötet,2008, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Hernell, Frida
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Visual Information Technology and Applications (VITA). Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV). Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Ynnerman, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Visual Information Technology and Applications (VITA). Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV).
    Smedby, Örjan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV).
    A blending technique for enhanced depth perception in medical x-ray vision applications2007In: Medicine Meets Virtual Reality 15 / [ed] James D. Westwood, Randy S. Haluck, Helene M. Hoffman, Greg T. Mogel, Roger Phillips, Richard A. Robb, Kirby G. Vosburgh, IOS Press, 2007, Vol. 125, p. 176-178Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Depth perception is a common problem for x-ray vision in augmented reality applications since the goal is to visualize occluded and embedded objects. In this paper we present an x-ray vision blending method for neurosurgical applications that intensifies the interposition depth cue in order to achieve enhanced depth perception. The proposed technique emphasizes important structures, which provides the user with an improved depth context.

  • 16.
    Hofvind, S.
    et al.
    Cancer Registry of Norway, Montebello, N-0310 Oslo, Norway.
    Skaane, P.
    Ullevål University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
    Vitak, Bedrich
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Wang, H.
    Directorate for Health and Social Affairs, Oslo, Norway.
    Thoresen, S.
    Cancer Registry of Norway, Montebello, N-0310 Oslo, Norway.
    Eriksen, L.
    Central Hospital, Rogaland County, Stavanger, Norway.
    Bjorndal, H.
    Bjørndal, H., Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
    Braaten, A.
    Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.
    Bjurstam, N.
    University of North-Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
    Influence of review design on percentages of missed interval breast cancers: Retrospective study of interval cancers in a population-based screening program2005In: Radiology, ISSN 0033-8419, E-ISSN 1527-1315, Vol. 237, no 2, p. 437-443Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: To retrospectively investigate whether different review designs have an influence on the estimate of missed interval cancer in a population-based breast cancer screening program. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Norwegian Breast Cancer Screening Program invites women aged 50-69 years to undergo biennial screening mammography. The current study was part of the evaluation and scientific aspects of the screening program and thus was covered by the general ethical approval of the screening program as a part of the Cancer Registry of Norway. All participants signed an informed consent that specified that data related to their screening visit could be used for evaluation and scientific purposes. Six radiologists (9-34 years of experience in mammography) reviewed previously obtained bilateral two-view screening and diagnostic mammograms of 231 interval cancers, 117 screening-detected cancers, and 373 normal cases. Four review designs were used: individual and paired blinded review and individual and consensus informed review. A five-point interpretation scale was used to reclassify the cancers into missed cancers, minimal signs, and true cancers. The number and proportion of subgroups were estimated with 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: Of 231 interval cancers, 46 (19.9%) were reclassified as missed cancers with the mixed blinded individual review and 54 (23.4%) were classified as missed cancers with the mixed blinded paired review. Eighty-three cancers (35.9%) were classified as missed cancers with individual informed review, and 78 (33.8%) were classified as missed cancers with consensus informed review. Thirty-nine cancers (16.8%) were reclassified as missed when four or more radiologists assigned a score of 2 or more (probably benign or more suspicious), three cancers (1.3%) were reclassified as missed when a score of 4 or more (probably malignant or more suspicious) was assigned. CONCLUSION: The percentage of interval cancers classified as missed ranged from 1.3% to 35.9% according to review design. To encourage learning, a review protocol should include both blinded and informed designs. © RSNA, 2005.

  • 17. Hol, P K
    et al.
    Kvarstein, G
    Viken, O
    Smedby, Örjan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Toennessen, T I
    MRI-guided celiac plexus block2000In: Magnetic Resonance Imaging, ISSN 0730-725X, E-ISSN 1873-5894, Vol. 12, p. 562-564Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 18. Hol, P
    et al.
    Smedby, Örjan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Tillung, T
    Kvarstein, G
    Viken, O
    Tönnesen, T
    MRI guided coeliac plexus block. 3rd interventional MRI symposium2000In: European radiology,2000, 2000Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Holst, Holger
    et al.
    Lund.
    Måre, Klas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Järund, Andreas
    Lund.
    Åström, Karl
    Lund.
    Evanader, Eva
    Lund.
    Tägil, Kristina
    Lund.
    Ohlsson, Mattias
    Lund.
    Edenbrandt, Lars
    Lund.
    An independent evaluation of a new method for automated interpretaion of lung scintigrams using artificial neural networks.2001In: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine, ISSN 0340-6997, E-ISSN 1432-105X, Vol. 28, p. 33-38Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 20. Hänni, M
    et al.
    Edvardson, H
    Wågberg, M
    Pettersson, K
    Smedby, Örjan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    Quantification of Atherosclerosis with MRI and Image Processing in Spontaneously Hyperlipidemic Rabbits2004In: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, ISSN 1097-6647, E-ISSN 1532-429X, Vol. 6, p. 675-684Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21. Hänni, M
    et al.
    Edvardsson, H
    Pettersson, K
    Smedby, Örjan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Quantification of atherosclerosis with MRI and image processing in animal models2001In: European Radiology,2001, 2001, p. 152-153Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22. Hänni, M
    et al.
    Lekka-Banos, I
    Nilsson, S
    Häggroth, L
    Smedby, Örjan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Quantitation of atherosclerosis with magnetic resonance imaging in 3-D morphology operators.1999In: Magnetic Resonance Imaging, ISSN 0730-725X, E-ISSN 1873-5894, Vol. 17, p. 585-591Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Klaastad, O
    et al.
    Oslo.
    VadeBoncouer, TR
    Chicago.
    Tillung, T
    Oslo.
    Smedby, Örjan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    An evaluation of the supraclavicular plumb-bob technique for brachial plexus block by magnetic resonance imaging2003In: Anesthesia and Analgesia, ISSN 0003-2999, E-ISSN 1526-7598, Vol. 96, no 3, p. 862-867Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Partly based on magnetic resonance imaging studies, the "plumb-bob" approach for brachial plexus block was designed to minimize the risk of pneumothorax. Nevertheless, the risk of pneumothorax has remained a concern. We analyzed magnetic resonance images from 10 volunteers to determine whether the risk of pneumothorax was decreased with this method. The recommended initial needle direction is anteroposterior through the junction between the lateral-most part of the sternocleidomastoid muscle and the superior edge of the clavicle. If the initial placement is not successful, the brachial plexus may be sought in sectors 20░-30░ cephalad or caudad to the anteroposterior line in a sagittal plane through the insertion point. We found that the anteroposterior line reached the pleura in 6 of 10 volunteers without prior contact with the subclavian artery or the brachial plexus, but always with contact with the subclavian vein. To reach the middle of the brachial plexus, a mean cephalad redirection of the simulated needle by 21░ was required (range from 41░ cephalad to 15░ caudad in one case). We conclude that the risk of contacting the pleura and the subclavian vessels may be reduced by initially directing the needle 45░ cephalad instead of anteroposterior. If the brachial plexus is not contacted, the angle should be gradually reduced.

  • 24.
    Klaastad, Ö
    et al.
    Oslo.
    Smedby, Örjan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Thompson, G E
    Oslo.
    Tillung, T
    Oslo.
    Hol, P K
    Oslo.
    Rötnes, J S
    Oslo.
    Brodal, P K
    Oslo.
    Breivik, H
    Oslo.
    Hetland, K R
    Oslo.
    Fosse, E T
    Oslo.
    Distribution of local anesthetic in axillary brachial plexus block: A clinical and magnetic resonance imaging study2002In: Anesthesiology, ISSN 0003-3022, E-ISSN 1528-1175, Vol. 96, no 6, p. 1315-1324Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There is an unsettled discussion about whether the distribution of local anesthetic is free or inhibited when performing brachial plexus blocks. This is the first study to use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to help answer this question. Methods: Thirteen patients received axillary block by a catheter-nerve stimulator technique. After locating the median nerve, a total dose of 50 ml local anesthetic was injected via the catheter in four divided doses of 1, 4, 15, and 30 ml. Results of sensory and motor testing were compared with the spread of local anesthetic as seen by MRI scans taken after each dose. The distribution of local anesthetic was described with reference to a 20-mm diameter circle around the artery. Results: Thirty minutes after the last dose, only two patients demonstrated analgesia or anesthesia in the areas of the radial, median, and ulnar nerve. At that time, eight of the patients had incomplete spread of local anesthetic around the artery, as seen by MRI. Their blocks were significantly poorer than those of the five patients with complete filling of the circle, although incomplete blocks were also present in the latter group. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that MRI is useful in examining local anesthetic distribution in axillary blocks because it can show the correlation between MRI distribution pattern and clinical effect. The cross-sectional spread of fluid around the brachial-axillary artery was often incomplete-inhibited, and the clinical effect often inadequate.

  • 25.
    Klaastad, Öivind
    et al.
    Olso.
    Smedby, Örjan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    The supraclavicular lateral paravascular approach for brachial plexus regional anesthesia: A simulation study using magnetic resonance imaging2001In: Anesthesia and Analgesia, ISSN 0003-2999, E-ISSN 1526-7598, Vol. 93, no 2, p. 442-446Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the supraclavicular lateral paravascular approach for brachial plexus regional anesthesia by Moorthy et al. (Moorthy's block), the patient is supine with the ipsilateral shoulder displaced anteriorly 5-8 cm. The needle direction is precisely defined in the coronal plane (using a Doppler flowprobe) but not in the sagittal plane. We sought to determine whether the block could be simplified by keeping the shoulder in a neutral position, if the needle direction in the sagittal plane could be more precisely described, and if the risk of pneumothorax appeared acceptably small. These questions were studied by magnetic resonance imaging in 10 volunteers. Volume datasets of the periclavicular region allowed precise positioning of simulated needles. In all volunteers, Moorthy's block could be performed with the shoulder in a neutral position. The optimal needle trajectory passed 5 mm posterior to the clavicle and was 25░ posterior to the coronal plane, never approaching the pleura closer than 18 mm. We conclude that Moorthy's block can be performed with the shoulder in a neutral position, that more precise instructions for the needle direction can be given, and that the risk of pneumothorax seems minimal. This should be confirmed by a clinical study.

  • 26.
    Kovacsovics, Bea
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Davidsson, L
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Harder, H
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Magnusson, Bengt
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Ledin, Torbjörn
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Three-dimensional fast spin echo T2 weighted MR imagaes of the cerebellopontine angle and inner ear.2002In: Neurootol Newslett, ISSN 1023-6422, Vol. 6, p. 33-36Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Kovacsovics, Bea
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Davidsson, L
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Harder, Lena
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Magnusson, Bengt
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Ledin, Torbjörn
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    MRI screening of the cerebellopontine angel and inner ear with fast spin echo T" technique.2000In: Archives Italiennes de Biologie, ISSN 0003-9829, Vol. 138, p. 87-92Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Kovacsovics, Bea
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Schulin, M
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Rask-Andersen, H
    Ledin, Torbjörn
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Large vestibular aqueduct syndrome2001In: Neuroradiology,2001, 2001, p. 81-81Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Kovasovics, Bea
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    CT eller MR för att kartlägga maligna bihåletumörer?1999In: Svensk ÖNH tidskrift, ISSN 1400-0121, Vol. 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Kovasovics, Bea
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Davidsson, L
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Harder, Henrik
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery.
    Magnusson, B
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery.
    Ledin, Torbjörn
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery.
    Three-dimensional fast spin echo T2 weighted MR images of the cerebellopontine angle and inner ear.2003In: Neurootology Newsletter,2003, 2003, p. 33-36Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Kovasovics, Bea
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Harder, Henrik
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Magnusson, B
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Ledin, Torbjörn
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, RC - Rekonstruktionscentrum, ÖNH - Öron- Näsa- Halskliniken.
    Tillväxtmått hos akustikusneurinom2000In: Svensk ÖNH tidskrift, ISSN 1400-0121, Vol. 1, p. 17-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32.
    Landtblom, Anne-Marie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Neurology.
    Dige, N
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Neurology.
    Schwerdt, K
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Neurology.
    Säfström, Kåge
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Granerus, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Physiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart Centre, Department of Clinical Physiology.
    A case of Kleine-Levin syndrome examined with SPECT and neuropsychological testing2002In: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6314, E-ISSN 1600-0404, Vol. 105, no 4, p. 318-321Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A case of Kleine-Levin syndrome with typical periodic hypersomnia and bulemia was diagnosed. On examination with single photo emission tomography (SPECT) (CERETEC«) during a relapse period and 2 weeks later there was marked cortical hypoperfusion of the frontal and temporal lobes, especially on the left side as well as in the right parietal lobe. Neuropsychological testing performed 1 week after a relapse showed a reduction in encoding to memory function of verbal learning indicating neocortical damage of the left fronto-temporal region. A follow-up 2 months later after the patient had spontaneously recovered showed only a slight left fronto-temporal disturbance. CT and MRI of the brain were normal although the MRI showed a large and asymmetric mamillary body. Neuropsychological testing 6 years after recovery showed pronounced reduction in short-time verbal and visual memory. Seven years after recovery SPECT demonstrated a normalized frontal perfusion but still a slight hypoperfusion in the left temporal lobe. Our results correlate to autopsy findings in two cases described previously.

  • 33.
    Landtblom, Anne-Marie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Neurology.
    Dige, N
    Schwerdt, K
    Säfström, Kåge
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Granerus, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Physiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart Centre, Department of Clinical Physiology.
    Short-term memory dysfunction in Kleine-Levin syndrome2003In: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6314, E-ISSN 1600-0404, Vol. 108, no 5, p. 363-367Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background - A previous investigation at our department of a young man with typical Kleine-Levin syndrome revealed short-term memory dysfunction as well as hypoperfusion of the temporal lobes on single photon emission tomography (SPECT) (CERETECR) examination, 6 and 7 years after recovery, suggesting long lasting or even permanent cerebral dysfunction. Patients and methods - We investigated four cases with classical adolescent Kleine-Levin syndrome characterized by hypersomnia and typical associated symptoms. We used neuropsychological testing and SPECT (CERETECR) of the brain. The results from the previous report related to above is included. Results - Examination with SPECT (CERETECR) during remission revealed hypoperfusion of the temporal lobes and fronto-temporal region in two of four cases. There were normal findings in two. Neuropsychological testing performed during remission showed reduction in the short-term memory capacity in all four cases. Conclusion - It is striking that all the cases investigated showed short-term memory dysfunction. One patient who had recovered from paroxysmal symptoms (hypersomnia attacks and bulimia) 6 years earlier showed progress in the short-term memory dysfunction. A pathologic condition in the temporal lobes may be suspected in Kleine-Levin syndrome.

  • 34.
    Larsson, C
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Anaesthesiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, MKC - Medicin och kirurgicentrum, Anestesi.
    Davidsson, L
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Lundin, P
    Gustafsson, G
    Vegfors, M
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Anaesthesiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, MKC - Medicin och kirurgicentrum, Anestesi.
    Respiratory monitoring during MR imaging. the clinical value of a new fibre-optical monitor.1999In: Acta Radiologica, ISSN 0284-1851, E-ISSN 1600-0455, Vol. 40, p. 33-36Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 35. Larsson, M
    et al.
    Persson, Anders
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    Smedby, Örjan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    Eriksson, P
    Extracting quantitative parameters from a mathematical model fitted to renal artery blood flow data obtained by magnetic resonance angiography2006In: ISMRM,2006, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Lindgren, Stefan
    et al.
    Malmö.
    Egidius, Henry
    Lund.
    Måre, Klas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Petersson, Göran
    Härnösand.
    Hammar, Mats
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Obstetrics and gynecology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Surgery and Oncology, Department of Surgery in Östergötland.
    Fortbildning skall utgå från den kliniska verkligheten. Det krävs mod att se både de starka och de svaga sidorna i yrkessituationen.2001In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 25, p. 3002-3006Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Ljung, Patric
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Visual Information Technology and Applications (VITA). Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Winskog, Carl
    Pathology Section, The Forensic Sciences Centre, Barbados.
    Persson, Anders
    Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV). Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Lundström, Claes
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Visual Information Technology and Applications (VITA). Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV). Sectra-Imtec AB, Linköping, Sweden.
    Ynnerman, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Visual Information Technology and Applications (VITA). Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV).
    Forensic Virtual Autopsies by Direct Volume Rendering2007In: IEEE signal processing magazine (Print), ISSN 1053-5888, E-ISSN 1558-0792, Vol. 24, no 6, p. 112-116Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents state-of-the-art methods, which address the technical challenges in visualizing large three-dimensional (3D) data and enable rendering at interactive frame rates.

  • 38.
    Lundin (Palmerius), Karljohan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Visual Information Technology and Applications (VITA). Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Cooper, Matthew
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Visual Information Technology and Applications (VITA). Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Persson, Anders
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    Evestedt, Daniel
    SenseGraphics AB.
    Ynnerman, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Visual Information Technology and Applications (VITA). Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    Enabling design and interactive selection of haptic modes2007In: Virtual Reality, ISSN 1359-4338, E-ISSN 1434-9957Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ever increasing size and complexity of volumetric data in a wide range of disciplines makes it useful to augment volume visualization tools with alternative modalities. Studies have shown that introducing haptics can significantly increase both exploration speed and precision. It is also capable of conveying material properties of data and thus has great potential to improve user performance in volume data exploration. In this paper we describe how recent advances in volume haptics can be used to build haptic modes-building blocks for haptic schemes. These modes have been used as base components of a toolkit allowing for more efficient development of haptic prototypes and applications. This toolkit allows interactive construction, configuration and fine-tuning of both visual and haptic representations of the data. The technology is also used in a pilot study to determine the most important issues and aspects in haptic volume data interaction and exploration, and how the use of haptic modes can facilitate the implementation of effective haptic schemes.

  • 39. Lundström, Åsa
    et al.
    Jendel, Johan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Internal Medicine. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, MKC-2, GE: endomed.
    Stenström, Birgitta
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Toss, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Internal Medicine. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medicine, Department of Endocrinology and Gastroenterology UHL.
    Ravald, Nils
    Periodontal conditions in 70-year-old women with osteoporosis.2001In: Swedish Dental Journal, ISSN 0347-9994, Vol. 25, p. 89-96Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Löfving, Adam
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology.
    Tizon, X
    Persson, Anders
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    Wiklund, Gunnar
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Thoracic Surgery.
    Smedby, Örjan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    Computed tomography angiography of the coronary arteries with virtual contrast injection2005In: Eur Radiol,2005, 2005, p. 426-426Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Löfving, Adam
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology.
    Tizon, X
    Persson, Anders
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    Wiklund, Gunnar
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Thoracic Surgery.
    Smedby, Örjan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV.
    Virtual contrast injection - a software tool for selective visualization of vessel structures2005In: Eur Radiol,2005, 2005, p. 425-425Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Mathiesen, UL
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Gastroenterology and Hepatology.
    Franzén, LE
    Åselius, H
    Resjö, M
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Jacobsson, L
    Foberg, U
    Frydén, Aril
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Infectious Diseases. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medicine, Department of Infectious Diseases in Östergötland.
    Bodemar, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, MKC - Medicin och kirurgicentrum, EMK-magtarm.
    Increased liver echogenicity at ultrasound examination reflects degree of steatosis but not of fibrosis in asymptomatic patients with mild/moderate abnormalities of liver transaminases2002In: Digestive and Liver Disease, ISSN 1590-8658, E-ISSN 1878-3562, Vol. 34, no 7, p. 516-522Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims. To investigate whether hyperechogenicity of liver can reliably be interpreted as liver steatosis and if any concomitant or isolated fibrosis can be disclosed. Patients and methods. A series of 165 patients with no signs or symptoms of liver disease referred because of slightly to moderately raised aminotransferases (alanine aminotransferase and/or aspartate aminotransferase 0.7-5.0 ╡kat/l) for more than 6 months were prospectively investigated with a comprehensive laboratory profile, ultrasound examination of liver and percutaneous liver biopsy. Fibrosis was assessed quantitatively and according to Metavir. Steatosis was graded as none, mild, moderate or severe. Results. Of 98 (59.4%) patients with raised echogenicity, 85 (86.7%) had liver steatosis of at least moderate degree, 9 patients with same degree of steatosis had normal echogenicity and 13 patients with no or only mild steatosis had normal echogenicity liver (sensitivity 0.90, specificity 0.82, positive predictive value 0.87, negative predictive value 0.87). About the same relations were found regardless of body mass index and degree of fibrosis. With increased echogenicity together with high attenuation (n=59) and reduced portal vessel wall distinction (n=79), positive predictive value increased to 0.93 and 0.94, respectively. Quantitatively assessed fibrosis (mean ▒ SD) was 3.2▒4.6% of biopsy area with normal and 2.3▒1.8% with raised echogenicity [ns]. Echogenicity was normal in 5 out of 9 patients with septal fibrosis and in 4 out of 6 patients with cirrhosis. Any structural, non-homogenous findings at ultrasound were not associated with architectural fibrotic changes and none had nodular contours of liver surface. Conclusions. Assessment of liver echogenicity is of value for detection or exclusion of moderate to pronounced fatty infiltration (correct classification 86.6%) but cannot be relied upon in diagnosing fibrosis, not even cirrhosis in asymptomatic patients with mild to moderately elevated liver transaminases.

  • 43.
    Måre, Klas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Petré, Bengt
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Lundberg, Nina
    Quality assurance system feedback2001In: Röntgenveckan i Umeå 20-24 augusti 2001,2001, 2001, p. 29-30Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Nilsson, Sven
    et al.
    Uppsala.
    Bergstrand, Lott
    Stockholm.
    Erikson, Uno
    Uppsala.
    Johansson, Jan
    Stockholm.
    Smedby, Örjan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Walldius, Göran
    Astra-Zeneca .
    Allergic reactions at repeat femoral angiography with ioxaglate.2001In: Acta Radiologica, ISSN 0284-1851, E-ISSN 1600-0455, Vol. 42, p. 608-611Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 45. Nilsson, Sven
    et al.
    Bergstrand, Lott
    Erikson, Uno
    Johansson, Jan
    Smedby, Örjan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Walldius, Göran
    Allergic reactions at repeat femoral angiography with ioxaglate2000In: Acta Radiologica, ISSN 0284-1851, E-ISSN 1600-0455, Vol. 42, p. 608-611Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 46. Nilsson, Sven
    et al.
    Eriksson, Barbro
    Smedby, Örjan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Kvantifiering av levermetastaser med datortomografisk arbetsstation2001In: Medicinska Riksstämman i Stockholm/Älvsjö,2001, 2001, p. 253-253Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 47. Nilsson, Tage
    et al.
    Måre, Klas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Carlsson, A
    Value of structured clinical and scintigraphic protocols in acute pulmonary embolism2001In: Journal of Internal Medicine, ISSN 0954-6820, E-ISSN 1365-2796, Vol. 250, no 3, p. 213-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. To study the use of a combination of a clinical and scintigraphic protocol in relation to the final outcome diagnosis in patients with clinical suspicion of acute pulmonary embolism (PE). Material and methods. A total of 170 patients with clinical suspicion of acute PE were all examined with ECG, blood chemistry, chest X-ray, pulmonary scintigraphy and selective pulmonary arteriography. The scintigraphic and clinical probabilities of PE were estimated on visual analogue scales (VASs) by different readers unaware of each others' results. The follow-up time was 6 months. In order to establish the final diagnosis a final outcome committee was created. They analysed in retrospect all the clinical and laboratory data and established whether the patient had had PE or not. Results. The final outcome committee concluded that 53 patients had PE. When the scintigraphic and clinical probability judgements were congruent, a combined probability of 1-25% (i.e low probability) had a negative predictive value of 98%. When the combined probability was 26-75% (i.e. intermediate) half of the cases had PE. With a combined probability of 76-100% (i.e. high) the positive predictive value was 100%. Conclusion. By applying a model of combined clinical and scintigraphic probabilities for PE, the diagnosis is ruled in when the combined probability is high, and ruled out when the combined probability is low. However, nearly half of the patients will still have an uncertain diagnosis for which further diagnostic procedures may be allocated.

  • 48.
    Norén, Bengt
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Book Review: Atlas of cross-sectional and projective MR cholangiopancreatography; L van Hoe, D Vanbeckevoort and W Van Seenbergen.2000In: European Journal of Surgery, ISSN 1102-4151, E-ISSN 1741-9271, Vol. 166, p. 349-349Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 49.
    Norén, Bengt
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    MECP möjligheter, begränsningar, utveckling2002In: Läkarmöte "ERCP-Nyheter inom gallvägsdiagnostik och handläggning", Norrköping 24 sept 2002,2002, 2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Norén, Bengt
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL.
    Lundberg, Peter
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Radiation Physics. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Surgery and Oncology, Department of Radiation Physics. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV).
    Ressner, Marcus
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Physiological Measurements. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV).
    Wirell, Staffan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology.
    Almer, Sven
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medicine, Department of Endocrinology and Gastroenterology UHL.
    Smedby, Örjan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Medical Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medical Imaging, Department of Radiology UHL. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV).
    Absolute quantification of human liver metabolite concentrations by localized in vivo 31P NMR spectroscopy in diffuse liver disease2005In: European Radiology, ISSN 0938-7994, E-ISSN 1432-1084, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 148-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Phosphorus-31 NMR spectroscopy using slice selection (DRESS) was used to investigate the absolute concentrations of metabolites in the human liver. Absolute concentrations provide more specific biochemical information compared to spectrum integral ratios. Nine patients with histopathologically proven diffuse liver disease and 12 healthy individuals were examined in a 1.5-T MR scanner (GE Signa LX Echospeed plus). The metabolite concentration quantification procedures included: (1) determination of optimal depth for the in vivo measurements, (2) mapping the detection coil characteristics, (3) calculation of selected slice and liver volume ratios using simple segmentation procedures and (4) spectral analysis in the time domain. The patients had significantly lower concentrations of phosphodiesters (PDE), 6.3±3.9 mM, and ATP-β, 3.6±1.1 mM, (P<0.05) compared with the control group (10.0±4.2 mM and 4.2±0.3 mM, respectively). The concentrations of phosphomonoesters (PME) were higher in the patient group, although this was not significant. Constructing an anabolic charge (AC) based on absolute concentrations, [PME]/([PME] + [PDE]), the patients had a significantly larger AC than the control subjects, 0.29 vs. 0.16 (P<0.005). Absolute concentration measurements of phosphorus metabolites in the liver are feasible using a slice selective sequence, and the technique demonstrates significant differences between patients and healthy subjects.

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