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  • 1.
    Aakumiah, Prince Osei
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema vatten i natur och samhälle.
    Water Management and Health in Ghana: Caes Study - Kumasi2007Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    There have been multiple cases of drinking water related diseases in Ghana, particularly the cities. Kumasi, the second largest city is recording high figures of drinking water related diseases. The Ghana water and sewage company is supposed to provide adequate safe drinking water to the people. However, the company has failed to provide this service effectively. Various reasons have been given by the company on its inability to perform efficiently. Meanwhile the government decided lately to privatise water in the cities to facilitate access to quality water through what is called “FULL COST RECOVERY”. This attracted a lot of international companies to Ghana but this has also generated protest and demonstrations. The argument is that these foreign companies are basically profit oriented and considering the fact that most of the affected people are very poor, suggesting they cannot afford it.

    The study is aimed at finding out the relationship between water management and health in the study area and how effective water management through full community participation could help provide adequate safe drinking water. The study was a non-interventional descriptive type using both qualitative and quantitative methods. It was conducted in Kumasi, the second largest city in Ghana. A total of 100 residents from the communities was selected through systematic sampling and interviewed. This includes 86 local residents and 14 key informer interviews. The study also relied on observation as well as some selected literature.

    The results confirmed that drinking water related diseases is on the increase with the most affected people being the poor living in shanty and informal areas of the city. It was also found that most people in the city are willing to render any services to provide safe drinking water. But in relative terms, most of these people are very poor with high percentage of illiterates and may only contribute if there is a good relation and trust among all. It however appears that community participation is a good option for the city provided that stakeholders are made to play effective roles.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 2.
    Aarsand, Pål André
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Alternating between online and offline: tags and frame switches as interactional resources2007Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The present data are based on an ethnographic study of computer use in everyday interactions in a seventh grade class (of 13-14 year-olds). The data were analysed in terms of activity frames and participation frameworks (Goffman 1981), exploring how students deployed online and offline activity frames in their identity performance. It is shown how MSN (online) identities are invoked in subsequent and intermittent face-to-face interaction; a dialogue can start on MSN and continue in faceto-face interaction, and vice versa. This means that frame switches are important features of the students’ identity work. Similarly, the students employed nicknames or tags, that is, textual-visual displays of ‘speaker’ identities, located in the boundary zone between online and offline activities. In terms of participation frameworks, it is also documented ways in which students engaged in crossplay (Goffman 1981), where a ratified participant communicated with a non-ratified participant. Yet, one problem in analysing participation frameworks and particularly byplay and sideplay (Goffman 1981) is that these concepts require that the analyst can identify one dominant activity. This was not possible in the present data. Instead, the data are primarily analysed in terms of borderwork, that here entails frame switchings, crossplay and a strategic use of tags.

  • 3.
    Aarsand, Pål André
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Around the Screen: Computer activities in children’s everyday lives2007Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The present ethnography documents computer activities in everyday life. The data consist of video recordings, interviews and field notes, documenting (i) 16 students in a seventh grade class in a computer room and other school settings and (ii) 22 children, interacting with siblings, friends and parents in home settings. The thesis is inspired by discourse analytical as well as ethnographic approaches, including notions from Goffman (1974, 1981), e.g. those of activity frame and participation framework, which are applied and discussed.

    The thesis consists of four empirical studies. The first study focuses on students’ illegitimate use, from the school’s point of view, of online chatting in a classroom situation. It is shown that the distinction offline/online is not a static one, rather it is made relevant as part of switches between activity frames, indicating the problems of applying Goffman’s (1981) notions of sideplay, byplay and crossplay to analyses of interactions in which several activity frames are present, rather than one main activity. Moreover, it is shown that online identities, in terms of what is here called tags, that is, visual-textual nicknames, are related to offline phenomena, including local identities as well as contemporary aesthetics. The second study focuses on placement of game consoles as part of family life politics. It is shown that game consoles were mainly located in communal places in the homes. The distinction private/communal was also actualized in the participants’ negotiations about access to game consoles as well as negotiations about what to play, when, and for how long. It is shown that two strategies were used, inclusion and exclusion, for appropriating communal places for computer game activities. The third study focuses on a digital divide in terms of a generational divide with respect to ascribed computer competence, documenting how the children and adults positioned each other as people ‘in the know’ (the children) versus people in apprentice-like positions (the adults). It is shown that this generation gap was deployed as a resource in social interaction by both the children and the adults. The forth study focuses on gaming in family life, showing that gaming was recurrently marked by response cries (Goffman, 1981) and other forms of blurted talk. These forms of communication worked as parts of the architecture of intersubjectivity in gaming (cf. Heritage, 1984), indexing the distinction virtual/‘real’. It is shown how response cries, sound making, singing along and animated talk extended the virtual in that elements of the game became parts of the children’s social interaction around the screen, forming something of an action aesthetic, a type of performative action for securing and displaying joint involvement and collaboration. As a whole, the present studies show how the distinctions master/apprentice, public/private, virtual/real and subject/object are indexicalized and negotiated in computer activities.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 4.
    Aarsand, Pål André
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Computer- and Video games in Family Life: The digital divide as a resource in intergenerational interactions2007Ingår i: Childhood, ISSN 0907-5682, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 235-256Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this ethnographic study of family life, intergenerational video and computer game activities were videotaped and analysed. Both children and adults invoked the notion of a digital divide, i.e. a generation gap between those who master and do not master digital technology. It is argued that the digital divide was exploited by the children to control the game activities. Conversely, parents and grandparents positioned themselves as less knowledgeable, drawing on a displayed divide as a rhetorical resource for gaining access to playtime with the children. In these intergenerational encounters, the digital divide was thus an interactional resource rather than a problem.

  • 5.
    Aarsand, Pål André
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Aronsson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Response cries and other gaming moves: Building intersubjectivity in gaming2009Ingår i: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, Vol. 41, nr 8, s. 1557-1575Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study focuses on the ways in which response cries (Goffman, 1981) are deployed as interactional resources in computer gaming in everyday life. It draws on a large-scale data set of video recordings of the everyday lives of middleclass families. The recordings of gaming between children and between children and parents show that response cries were not arbitrarily located within different phases of gaming (planning, gaming or commenting on gaming). Response cries were primarily used as interactional resources for securing and sustaining joint attention (cf. Goodwin, 1996) during the gaming as such, that is, during periods when the gaming activity was characterized by a relatively high tempo. In gaming between children, response cries co-occurred with their animations of game characters and with sound making, singing along, and code switching in ways that formed something of an action aesthetic, a type of aesthetic that was most clearly seen in gaming between game equals (here: between children). In contrast, response cries were rare during the planning phases and during phases in which the participants primarily engaged in setting up or adjusting the game.

  • 6.
    Aarsand, Pål
    et al.
    Department of Education and Life long learning, Norweigan University Of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Sparrman, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Visual transcriptions as socio-technical assemblages2021Ingår i: Visual Communication, ISSN 1470-3572, E-ISSN 1741-3214, Vol. 20, nr 2, s. 289-309Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    With the development of visual digital technologies it has become more common in the social sciences to both use and present research visually. This article explores different strategies for working with and including images in ethnomethodology and conversation analysis (EMCA) transcriptions. The purpose is to investigate how, and if, the ontology of the transcript changes when verbal transcripts become visual transcripts. The article explores what ensures that a transcript is still a transcript and what happens to the reflexive interpretative strategy fundamental to EMCA when new digital technologies make it possible to incorporate images in transcripts. The articles focus is on the social life of methods as well as methodological productivity showing how images can enact different social realities and scientific knowledge.

  • 7.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Sodertorn Univ, Sweden.
    Benyamine, Isak
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Lundberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Genus. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Festival Venue that makes sense- A study of Skansen arena in Stockholm2021Ingår i: Cogent Social Sciences, E-ISSN 2331-1886, Vol. 7, nr 1, artikel-id 1886652Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how the open-air museum of Skansen in Stockholm as venue for celebration of Persian Fire Festival is assessed by the festivals visitors. The study is based on a delimited part of a larger online survey with 280 completed questionnaires including both close-ended and open-ended questions, and a qualitative thematic analysis method has been used in this paper. The results show a high level of appreciation of the Skansen venue that gives the visitors positive emotions, meanings, place attachment, place identity and a sense of place. Contributing factors have been the high status of the venue that has given the visitors pride and dignity; security and safety of the venue; size of the venue; and the natural beauty of the venue. The most important disadvantage factor has been the lack of accessibility combined with lack of sufficient public transport. The results have implications for the Swedish society, for the policy makers in Stockholm city and for both the host and the organiser of the festival and gives rise to new debates on immigrants socio-cultural integration into Swedish society. This paper gives a contribution to existing literature on festival venue and its impact on the visitors overall assessment of the festival.

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  • 8.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Department of Environmental Science and Tourism Studies, Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Lundberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Genus. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Between Fire and Ice: Experiences of the Persian Fire Festival in a Nordic Setting2020Ingår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, nr 24, artikel-id 10374Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This exploratory research seeks to gain insight into the visitors of Persian Fire Festival in Stockholm, their motivation, level of satisfaction and loyalty to the festival. The overall methodology is mixed methods consisting of participant observation and 280 completed online surveys including close-ended and open-ended questions. A Grounded theory analysis has been employed. The most important reason behind the participation has been to strive for the recognition of ethnic cultural identity; to keep the ancient culture alive; to maintain their ancestors legacy and transfer it to the next generation. Most of the visitors experienced positive feelings, showed satisfaction and loyalty, believed that the festival fulfilled their expectations and it should be celebrated officially every year. A minority showed dissatisfaction mostly due to the lack of accessibility to the event venue and might are not loyal to the festival. The first conclusion here is that these motivators are totally different than those mentioned by earlier research (e.g., escape, socialization, novelty, rest, prestige, excitement). Even though the desire to preserve the ancient culture and tradition is very strong, a lack of accessibility to the venue would constitute disloyalty and a barrier to re-attend in such a festival.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
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  • 9.
    Ablieieva, Iryna
    et al.
    Sumy State Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection Technologies, Sumy State University, Sumy, Ukraine.
    Berezhna, Iryna
    Sumy State Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection Technologies, Sumy State University, Sumy, Ukraine.
    Berezhnyi, Dmytrii
    Sumy State Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection Technologies, Sumy State University, Sumy, Ukraine.
    Enrich Prast, Alex
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Geletukha, Georgiy
    Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine.
    Lutsenko, Serhii
    Sumy State Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection Technologies, Sumy State University, Sumy, Ukraine.
    Yanchenko, Ilona
    Sumy State Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection Technologies, Sumy State University, Sumy, Ukraine.
    Carraro, Giacomo
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Technologies for Environmental Safety Application of Digestate as Biofertilizer2022Ingår i: Ecological Engineering & Environmental Technology, ISSN 2719-7050, Vol. 23, nr 3, s. 106-119Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the paper is to determine the environmentally safe and economically feasible technology of biofertilizer production from the digestate including dewatering process. Methodological basis is based on the systematic approach to the determination of factors effected on the distribution of nutrients and pollutants between liquidand solid fractions after digestate separation. We studied modern technologies aimed at dewatering the digestateand reduction of its volume, showed their effectiveness. These technologies allow expanding the opportunities forcommercialization of the digestate, increasing the cost of its transportation and application to the soil instead ofcomplex fertilizers, using some valuable products. The results of the study showed that the ecological quality ofthe digestate is the highest as well as co-digested thermally pre-treated feedstock is used for solid-liquid separationin centrifuge with polymer addition as post-treatment approach to the flocculation. In order to increase efficiencyof biofertilizer application the technological scheme of production process of granular fertilizers from digestatewas proposed. Special feature of this scheme is in the use of phosphogypsum binder for the production of organomineral fertilizer that contributes phosphogypsum recycling in the waste management system.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
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  • 10.
    Ablieieva, Iryna
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Biogas Solutions Research Center. Sumy State University, Ukraine.
    Chernysh, Yelizaveta
    Sumy State University, Ukraine; Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Czech Republic.
    Chubur, Viktoriia
    Sumy State University, Ukraine; Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Czech Republic.
    Skvortsova, Polina
    Sumy State University, Ukraine.
    Roubik, Hynek
    Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Czech Republic.
    Biopotential of Agricultural Waste: Production of Biofertilizers and Biofuels2022Ingår i: 22nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference: Energy and Clean Technologies, SGEM 2022, Vienna, 6 December 2022 - 8 December 2022 / [ed] Trofymchuk O., Rivza B., Vienna, 2022, Vol. 22, 4.2, s. 39-47Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is focused on performing a SWOT analysis of agricultural waste management methods. This approach can be applied in the biogas technology strategic planning process in Ukraine, which can solve the issue of implementation of environmental guidelines for the development of biofuels and biofertilizers. The main factors that determine how digestate is used are its quality, local conditions, regulations, and documents. Fertilizing fields with digestate provides many advantages, for example: reduced demand for plant protection products, reduction of unpleasant odor, and destruction of possible pathogens. The strengths and weaknesses of the implementation of biogas plants in Ukraine have been identified, and opportunities and threats have been considered. In general, the introduction of biogas technology is a very promising solution for the agricultural sector. Taking into account that a biogas plant is considered a potentially hazardous object for workers, it is necessary to constantly monitor the parameters of reactor operation in order to ensure the technological and environmental safety of the engineering facilities. For Ukraine, there is a shortage of specialists to set up an effective operation of biogas equipment and bring it to the industrial scale. It is necessary to consult with medium and small farms interested in the feasibility study and implementation of biogas technologies. 

  • 11.
    Ablieieva, Iryna
    et al.
    Sumy State University, Sumy, Ukraine.
    Geletukha, Georgii
    Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine; Marii Kapnist Street, 03057, Kyiv, Ukraine.
    Kucheruk, Petro
    Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine; Marii Kapnist Street, 03057, Kyiv, Ukraine.
    Enrich Prast, Alex
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Carraro, Giacomo
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Berezhna, Iryna
    Sumy State University, Sumy, Ukraine.
    Berezhnyi, Dmytrii
    Sumy State University, Sumy, Ukraine.
    Digestate Potential to Substitute Mineral Fertilizers: Engineering Approaches2022Ingår i: Journal of Engineering Sciences, ISSN 2312-2498, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. H1-H10Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to define the potential and technological aspects of the digestate treatment for its application as a biofertilizer. Life cycle assessment methodology was used in terms of digestate quality management. The potential of nutrients, organic carbon, and useful microelements in the digestate allows for its consideration as a mineral fertilizer substitute and soil improver. The valorization of digestate as fertilizer requires quality management and quality control. Based on the research focus, the successful soil application of digestate post-treatment technologies was analyzed. Among the different commercial options for digestate treatment and nutrient recovery, the most relevant are drying, struvite precipitation, stripping, evaporation, and membranes technology. Comparing the physical and chemical properties of the whole digestate, separated liquid, and solid liquor fractions showed that in the case of soil application of granular fertilizer, nutrients from the digestate are released more slowly than digestate application without granulation. However, realizing this potential in an economically feasible way requires improving the quality of digestate products through appropriate technologies and quality control of digestate products. To support the manufacture of quality digestate across Europe, the European Compost Network developed a concept for a pan-European quality assurance scheme.

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  • 12.
    Ablieieva, Iryna
    et al.
    Sumy State Univ, Sumy, Ukraine.
    Plyatsuk, Leonid
    Sumy State Univ, Sumy, Ukraine.
    Burla, Oksana
    Sumy State Univ, Sumy, Ukraine.
    Chekh, Oleh
    Sumy State Univ, Sumy, Ukraine.
    Enrich-Prast, Alex
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Theoretical Substantiation of Mathematical Models of Oil Filtration Through a Porous Medium2022Ingår i: Advanced Manufacturing Processes III , Interpartner-2021 / [ed] Tonkonogyi, V., Ivanov, V., Trojanowska, J., Oborskyi, G., Pavlenko, I, Heidelberg, Germany: Springer, 2022, s. 571-581Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on determining the influence of soil, oil, and environmental factors on the process of oil filtration in a porous medium such as soil. Mathematical modeling of the oil geofiltration process based on classical and modified regularities makes it possible to solve a significant environmental problem associated with predicting the pollution zone due to accidental oil spills. The research methodology is based on the substantiation of theoretical models of oil filtration through porous media, methods for the numerical solution of equations, and computer visualization (ANSYS CFX software). Experimental data supported the verification of the adequacy of the models. Based on obtained results, it was found that all oil flowed into well-permeable sand at a speed of approximately 4-10 -4 m/h. The developed model of the stochastic process of petroleum hydrocarbons geofiltration involved obtaining the output as dependent variables, contamination level, contamination depth, and oil spot borders. Numerical solution and visualization using computer simulation showed the distribution of oil hydrocarbons in the soil in vertical and horizontal directions. The mathematical model allowed to predict the formation of the pollution front and assess the contaminated zone's size.

  • 13.
    Abongo, D. A.
    et al.
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Wandiga, S. O.
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Jumba, I. O.
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Van den Brink, P. J.
    University of Wageningen and Research Centre, Netherlands.
    Naziriwo, B. B.
    Makerere University, Uganda.
    Madadi, V. O.
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Wafula, G. A.
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Nkedi-Kizza, P.
    University of Florida, FL USA.
    Kylin, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. North West University, South Africa.
    Occurrence, abundance and distribution of benthic macroinvertebrates in the Nyando River catchment, Kenya2015Ingår i: African Journal of Aquatic Science, ISSN 1608-5914, E-ISSN 1727-9364, Vol. 40, nr 4, s. 373-392Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A baseline study was conducted of the occurrence of macroinvertebrates at 26 sites in the Nyando River catchment in 2005-2006. A total of 13 orders and 16 families of Arthropoda, Mollusca, Platyhelminthes and Annelida were collected, with the order Ephemeroptera being most abundant in the up- and mid-stream reaches, followed by Hemiptera and Plecoptera respectively. The downstream sections of the river were dominated by Hirudinea and tubificids, as the water quality deteriorated mainly due to local land use, raw sewage effluent discharge and annual floods. Insects and annelids were the main invertebrates found and the extent of pollution increased from mid-section (Site 15) downwards as the river flowed into the Winam Gulf. Stringent management measures are required to safeguard the environment and ecosystems of Lake Victoria.

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  • 14.
    Abong'o, Deborah
    et al.
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Wandiga, Shem
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Jumba, Isaac
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Madadi, Vincent
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Kylin, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema vatten i natur och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Impacts of pesticides on human health and environment in the River Nyando catchment, Kenya2014Ingår i: International Journal of Humanities, Arts, Medicine and Sciences, ISSN 2348-0521, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 1-14Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The population of the River Nyando catchment largely relies on rain fed agriculture for their subsistence.

    Important crops grown include cereals, cash crops fruits and vegetables. Farming is one of the contributors of pollution to Lake Victoria. Organophosphates and other banned organochlorine pesticides such as lindane, aldrin and dieldrin were used by farmers. The pesticides transport was by storm water run-off and air drift into the lake. Environmental risk assessment background information was collected through questionnaire and interviews of farmers to determine knowledge and safe use of pesticides. Fourteen pesticides were identified as commonly used of which four are toxic to bees and five to birds. The farmers identified declines in the number of pollinating insects, the disappearance of Red-billed Oxpecker (Buphagus erythrorthynchus) and wild bird’s fatalities. The general knowledge among farmers about chemicals risks, safety, and chronic illnesses was low. Activities that increases environmental awareness and safety of pesticides should be initiated by the agrochemical firms and government.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    River Nyando catchment 1
  • 15.
    Abong'o, Deborah
    et al.
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Wandiga, Shem
    University of Nairobi. Kenya.
    Jumba, Isac
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    van den Brink, Paul
    Wageningen University, the Netherlands.
    Nazariwo, Betty
    Makerere University, Uganda.
    Madadi, Vincent
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Wafula, Godfrey
    University of Nairobi, Kenya.
    Kylin, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Nkedi-Kizza, Peter
    University of Florida, USA.
    Organochlorine pesticide residue levels in soil from the Nyando River catchment, Kenya2015Ingår i: Africa Journal of Physical Sciences, ISSN 2313-3317, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 18-32Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Soil samples were collected from six locations representative of the Nyando River catchment area of the Lake Victoria over a period of two years. Sampling was done four times in the year in February, May, September and December 2005 and 2006 in farms where maize, tea, sugar cane, coffee, rice and vegetables have been grown over the years. This coincided with the effects of different seasons and farming activities on residue levels of the pesticides in use. The objective was to investigate levels and distribution of organochlorine pesticides that have either been banned or are restricted for use in Kenya. Organochlorine pesticides investigated were DDT, lindane, aldrin, dieldrin, heptachlor, endrin, endosulfan (both α- and β- isomers and endosulfan sulphate), the sum is called “total” or Σendosulfan and methoxychlor. Prior to the ban or restriction in use, these pesticides had found wide applications in public health for control of disease vectors and in agriculture for control of crop pests. The analysis revealed presence of all the targeted pesticides with the highest mean concentrations for methoxychlor 140 ± 1.5 μg/kg, Σendosulfan (30 ± 2.1 μg/kg), aldrin (18 ± 0.28 μg/kg), respectively. The results show the presence of these pesticides in soils in the basin and this could be impacting negatively on the ecosystem health of the area.

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  • 16.
    Abrahamson, Olivia
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring.
    Larsson, Kristina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring.
    Små kliv i rätt riktning: Tillvägagångssätt för att inkludera barnperspektiv och barns perspektiv i kommunal planering2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Nutida förutsättningar för samhällsplanering har resulterat i att barns demokratiska och fysiska utrymme i planer är mindre än det som stipuleras i barnkonventionen. Syftet med studien är att skapa en förståelse för vilka utmaningar, brister och möjligheter som finns att inkludera barnfrågor i kommunal planering. Undersökningen utgår från två frågeställningar där detta konkretiseras. Studien är avgränsad till Sverige och den teoretiska utgångspunkten är begreppen ”barnperspektiv”, ”barns perspektiv” och ”barns bästa”. Materialet har samlats in med hjälp av de kvalitativa metoderna dokumentstudie och intervju och empirin har sammanställts genom en tematisk analys i tre delar. Arbetet har resulterat i tre centrala slutsatser kring utmaningar, brister och möjligheter. Genom dessa argumenterar vi för att förhållningssättet till barns kompetens samt strukturella och praktiska förutsättningar är avgörande för en lyckad inkludering av barnfrågor i planering.

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  • 17.
    Abrahamsson, Louise
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring.
    Improving methane production using hydrodynamic cavitation as pre-treatment2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det behövs innovativa lösningar för att utveckla anaerob rötning i syfte att öka metangasutbytet från biogassubstrat. Beroende på substratets egenskaper, kan förbehandling möjliggöra sönderdelning av bakterieflockar, uppbrytning av cellväggar, elimination av inhiberande ämnen och frigörelse av intracellulära organiska ämnen, som alla kan leda till en förbättring av den biologiska nedbrytningen i rötningen. För att uppnå detta har den lågenergikrävande förebehandlingsmetoden hydrodynamisk kavitation prövats på biologiskt slam, matavfall, makroalger respektive gräs, i jämförelse med ångexplosion. Effekten på substraten av dessa två förbehandlingar har uppmäts genom att undersöka distribution av partikelstorlek, löst organiskt kol (sCOD), biometan potential (BMP) och nedbrytningshastigheten. Efter 2 minuters hydrodynamisk kavitation (8 bar) minskade partikelstorleken från 489- 1344 nm till 277- 281 nm (≤77 % reduktion) för de olika biomassorna. Liknande påverkan observerades efter tio minuters ångexplosion (210 °C, 30 bar) med en partikelstorlekreducering mellan 40 och 70 % för alla behandlade substrat. Efter behandling med hydrodynamisk kavitation, i jämförelse med obehandlad biomassa, ökade metanproduktionens hastighetskonstant (K) för matavfall (+65%), makroalgen S. latissima (+3%), gräs (+16 %) samtidigt som den minskade för A. nodosum (-17 %). Förbehandlingen med ångexplosion ökade hastighetskonstanten för S. latissima (+50 %) och A. nodosum (+65 %) medan den minskade för gräs (-37 %), i jämförelse med obehandlad biomassa. Vad gäller BMP värden, orsakade hydrodynamisk kavitation små variationer där endast A. nodosum visade en ökning efter behandling (+44 %) i jämförelse med obehandlad biomassa. Biomassa förbehandlade med ångexplosion visade en ökning för A .nodosum (+86 %), gräs (14 %) och S. latissima (4 %). Sammantaget visar hydrodynamisk kavitation potential som en effektiv behandling före rötning och kapabel att konkurrera med den traditionella ångexplosionen gällande kinetik och energibalans (+14%) samt metanutbytet för A. nodosum.

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    fulltext
  • 18.
    Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Avdelningen för studier av vuxenutbildning, folkbildning och högre utbildning, VUFo.
    Castensson, Reinhold
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema.
    Dahlgren, Lars-Ove
    Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Avdelningen för studier av vuxenutbildning, folkbildning och högre utbildning, VUFo.
    Problem based learning in environmental sciences - an evaluation1995Ingår i: International Conference on Problem-based Learning in Higher Education: Interfaculty, Program-oriented and General Experiences,1995, 1995Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 19.
    Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Avdelningen för studier av vuxenutbildning, folkbildning och högre utbildning, VUFo.
    Castensson, Reinhold
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema.
    Dahlgren, Lars-Ove
    Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Avdelningen för studier av vuxenutbildning, folkbildning och högre utbildning, VUFo.
    Problembaserad inlärning - PBI - i miljövetenskaplig grundutbildning. Utvärdering av resultat och erfarenheter.1995Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20.
    Abreu, Fernanda
    et al.
    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
    Leão, Pedro
    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
    Vargas, Gabriele
    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
    Cypriano, Jefferson
    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
    Figueiredo, Viviane
    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
    Enrich Prast, Alex
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
    Bazylinski, Dennis A.
    University of Nevada at Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV, USA.
    Lins, Ulysses
    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
    Culture-independent characterization of a novel magnetotactic member affiliated to the Beta class of the Proteobacteria phylum from an acidic lagoon2018Ingår i: Environmental Microbiology, ISSN 1462-2912, E-ISSN 1462-2920, Vol. 20, nr 7, s. 2615-2624Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary Magnetotactic bacteria (MTB) comprise a group of motile microorganisms common in most mesothermal aquatic habitats with pH values around neutrality. However, during the last two decades, a number of MTB from extreme environments have been characterized including: cultured alkaliphilic strains belonging to the Deltaproteobacteria class of the Proteobacteria phylum; uncultured moderately thermophilic strains belonging to the Nitrospirae phylum; cultured and uncultured moderately halophilic or strongly halotolerant bacteria affiliated with the Deltaproteobacteria and Gammaproteobacteria classes and an uncultured psychrophilic species belonging to the Alphaproteobacteria class. Here, we used culture-independent techniques to characterize MTB from an acidic freshwater lagoon in Brazil (pH ? 4.4). MTB morphotypes found in this acidic lagoon included cocci, rods, spirilla and vibrioid cells. Magnetite (Fe3O4) was the only mineral identified in magnetosomes of these MTB while magnetite magnetosome crystal morphologies within the different MTB cells included cuboctahedral (present in spirilla), elongated prismatic (present in cocci and vibrios) and bullet-shaped (present in rod-shaped cells). Intracellular pH measurements using fluorescent dyes showed that the cytoplasmic pH was close to neutral in most MTB cells and acidic in some intracellular granules. Based on 16S rRNA gene phylogenetic analyses, some of the retrieved gene sequences belonged to the genus Herbaspirillum within the Betaproteobacteria class of the Proteobacteria phylum. Fluorescent in situ hybridization using a Herbaspirillum-specific probe hybridized with vibrioid MTB in magnetically-enriched samples. Transmission electron microscopy of the Herbaspirillum-like MTB revealed the presence of many intracellular granules and a single chain of elongated prismatic magnetite magnetosomes. Diverse populations of MTB have not seemed to have been described in detail in an acid environment. In addition, this is the first report of an MTB phylogenetically affiliated with Betaproteobacteria class.

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    fulltext
  • 21.
    Abukar, Dirie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema.
    Place branding stigmatised residential areas: A study of narratives in Swedish medium-sized municipalities.2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Stigma has for a long time been an issue in residential areas that have social and economic impediments, which has a detrimental impact on the local population. The thesis examines how institutions such as the police, municipalities and real-estate companies has shaped the area image through their selected initiatives. According to previous research, this is a gap that has not been filled yet; there are some. To gain insight into the challenges and efforts that exist, this study has been based on three perspectives of three actors, (1) the police, (2) the municipalities and (3) the real estate companies as these actors who are mainly the ones who influence the image of residential areas. Through semi-structured interviews and policy documents collected the material, which I in turn analysed through the concept of place branding. The concept of place branding has been used by municipalities and regions that have previously had a negative reputation. To change their image, actors have chosen to marketing places to attract investments, projects, and skilful people. The results based on this study show that some actors have put plans in place to market the brand that the residential areas have, and interesting initiatives taken. Similarly, there are indications that classification which leads to stigmatization of residential areas benefits certain actors.

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    fulltext
  • 22.
    Achen, Thomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Den bioetiske udfordring: Et retspolitisk studie om forholdet mellem etik, politik og ret i det lovforberedende arbejde vedrørende bio- og genteknologi i Danmark, Norge og Sverige1997Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Biotechnology and genetic engineering raise a number of new ethical problems. Consequently, over the past 15 years, several European countries, including the Nordic countries, have passed new laws in an attempt to deal with the ethical problems posed by biotechnology. These developments raise the question of how to formulate legislation to regulate both the technical and ethical aspects of biotechnology and genetic engineering. Is it indeed possible to formulate a valid ethical framework in a thoroughly secularised society? How has this been coped with politically? And what is the nature of the relationship between ethics, politics and the law, that emerges from this process? The regulation of biotechnology is very often carried out by legal means in modern society. The thesis shows that the distinction between ethics, politics and the law - inherent in the Scandinavian tradition of legal realism - is not sustained in the law preparatory Process in the fields of biotechnology and genetic engineering in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The analysis reveals that the tendency for ethics, politics and the law to merge is expressed in the new normative reflexivity which characterizes legislation in this area. The thesis defines this process in terms of four elements: a proceduralisation of ethics, a democratisation of ethics; negotiated development of norms, and a moralisation of politics and the law. These new tendencies suggest a need for a new analytical framework. The thesis argues that reflexive law theory and discourse ethics theory can provide a more adequate understanding of the new normative reflexivity inherent in the legislation examined. In a society characterised by moral, social, cultural and political pluralism it is of profound importance to contemplate how legal and political norms are developed. Furthermore, it is highly pertinent to consider how we can conceive these processes in theoretical terms.

  • 23.
    Achen, Thomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Nedslag i svensk biopolitik: Gentekniknævnet 1994-20032005Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [no]

    Hvad er beipolitk? Hvordan kan den svenske biopolitik beskrives? Hvilken rolle har Gentekniknænet i den svenske biopolitik? Og hvad er egentlig Gentekniknænet for et nævn? Hvorfor oprettede man det? Og hvordan arbejder Gentekniknænet? Det er nogle af de spøsmål som diskuteres i denne bog.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Nedslag i svensk biopolitik: Gentekniknævnet 1994-2003
  • 24.
    Achenbach, Alina
    et al.
    Univ Groningen, Netherlands.
    Hordijk, Ruben
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Genus. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Kawaumi, Masawa
    Rood, Masab
    Acad Fine Arts Vienna, Austria.
    Witnessing the Architecture of a Cancellation: The Silencing of Voices on Palestine in Austrian Academia2024Ingår i: Middle East Critique, ISSN 1943-6149, E-ISSN 1943-6157Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the cancellation of a public lecture by Palestinian scholar, Walaa Alqaisiya, during a curatorial program at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna in May 2022 due to false accusations of antisemitism in the context of anti-Palestinian racism in Austria. We speak of an 'architecture' because we analyze the questions of power, (in)visibility and erasure from the point of view of the public and institutional spaces, asking who can speak, about what and for whom, when? As a collective of former participants, we write from an implicated positionality that we call 'participatory witnesses:' the program ceased to be an abstract exploration of decolonial and queer/feminist perspectives, and transformed us affectively and politically, forcing us to critically respond to the censorship. We start by summarizing the unfolding of events and introducing the figure of the participatory witness and the concept of architecture. Then, we turn to Austrian academia's climate of censorship of Palestinian perspectives. From this context, we analyze Alqaisiya's cancellation through the prism of Euromodern Orientalist tropes, disciplinary strategies and civilizational discourses employed to continue the marginalization and exclusion of Palestinian perspectives. We pay particular attention to the significance of silencing queer Palestinian voices in the context of Israeli pinkwashing. Finally, we mnemonically map our attempts at navigating the architecture, negotiating between reclaiming public visibility for queer Palestinian perspectives and collective acts of refusal and delinking.

  • 25.
    Achu Nges, Ivo
    et al.
    Department of Biotechnology, Lund Univeristy.
    Björn, Annika
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema vatten i natur och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Björnsson, Lovisa
    Department of Biotechnology, Lund University.
    Stable operation during pilot-scale anaerobic digestion of nutrient-supplemented maize/sugar beet silage2012Ingår i: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976, Vol. 118, s. 445-454Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Biogas production from maize/sugar beet silage was studied under mesophilic conditions in a continuous stirred tank reactor pilot-scale process. While energy crop mono-digestion is often performed with very long hydraulic retention times (HRTs), the present study demonstrated an efficient process operating with a 50-day HRT and a corrected total solids (TScorr) based organic loading rate of 3.4 kg/m3×d. The good performance was attributed to supplementation with both macro- and micronutrients and was evidenced by good methane yields (318 m3/ton TScorr) which were comparable to laboratory maximum expected yields plus low total volatile fatty acid concentrations (< 0.8 g/L). A viscoplastic and thixotropic digester fluid behaviour was observed, and the viscosity problems common in crop mono-digestion were not seen in this study. The effluent also complied with Swedish certification standards for bio-fertilizer for farmland application. Nutrient addition thus rendered a stable biogas process, while the effluent was a good quality bio-fertilizer.

  • 26.
    Ackerfors, Linnea
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Hederén, Amanda
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Climate Transition in Municipalities: Identifying ways to assess transition processes through indicators2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Klimatförändringar har ansetts vara en av de viktigaste utmaningarna i vår tid. För att förhindra att vidare skador av klimatförändringarna kom nationer som deltog i COP21 överens om att minska sina växthusgaser tillräckligt mycket för att förhindra farliga temperaturförhöjningar och att anpassa sina samhällen till resilienta enheter. Kommuner anses vara viktiga aktörer i denna omställning då de har makt att påverka förändringar på en lokal nivå. Dock saknas metoder för att bedöma hur omställning utförs då omställning är ett nytt angreppssätt kombinerat med en brist på genomförda omställningar. Syftet med denna uppsats är att utforska användningen av indikatorer som metod för att bedöma omställningsprocesser. Genom att använda en triangulering av metoder som delats upp i två faser fokuserar studien på två svenska kommuner som har fastställts som känsliga inför klimatförändringarna men även att ha förmågan att hantera dem. Den första fasen består av en litteraturstudie som skapade en vetenskaplig grund som berörde en global och nationell nivå. Den andra fasen bestod av en dokumentsanalys och intervjuer för att utforska omställningsprocesser på en lokal nivå. Studien visar på att det finns flera barriärer och drivkrafter för omställning som konkurrerande intressen, ekonomiska faktorer, politisk styrning, kunskaps byggande- och medvetenhet och långsiktighet men även att det fanns verktyg som var viktiga för kommunal omställning som nätverk genom samarbeten på olika nivåer och planer/mål. Slutligen visar även studien på att användningen av indikatorer som metod för att bedömma omställning skulle kunna vara möjligt men att begränsningar finns då metoden dels är kontextberoende men även att det är svårt att göra jämförelser då ingen fullförd omställning har skett.

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    Bachelor Thesis 2016 Ackerfors & Hederén
  • 27.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Persson, Sven
    Malmö universitet.
    Lago, Lina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Rektorers och skolhuvudmäns meningsskapande om förskoleklassens position i utbildningslandskapet2022Ingår i: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 7-26Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The preschool class has been subject to several policy reforms, which principals and local education authorities are responsible. for implementing and evaluating. The aim of this study is to contribute with knowledge about how principals and local education authorities make meaning of the position and organization of the preschool class in relation to these policy reforms and to the existing practices. The method used in the study is interviews with principals and local education authorities and shows how they reason about and relate to various regulatory, normative, and cultural-cognitive elements of governance. The analysis shows that the principals have arguments for three basic positions for the preschool class: a bridge between preschool and primary school, a knowledge-oriented position, and a socially oriented position. A key argument put forward by the principals is that the preschool class should be integrated into a continuous primary school organisation. The local education authorities, on their part, interpret the new policy as an ongoing qualification and homogenization process, which affects the preschool class’s position in the education system.

  • 28.
    Ackesjö, Helena
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Sverige.
    Persson, Sven
    Malmö universitet, Sverige.
    Lago, Lina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Utbildning för barn i skolstartsålder2022 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det ligger något av ett magiskt skimmer över skolstarten. Många barn har längtat efter dagen då de får packa sin ryggsäck och träda in genom porten till det mytomspunna skolhuset där nya klasskamrater, lärare och utmaningar väntar.

    Denna bok handlar om hur utbildningen för barn i skolstartsåldern har förändrats under de senaste decennierna och hur man kan förstå mekanismerna bakom dessa förändringar. Idag råder ett starkt kunskaps- och lärandefokus, där huvudsyftet är att elever ska kvalificeras till nästa nivå i skolsystemet. Detta beskriver vi i boken som en skolarisering av utbildningen och dess konsekvenser berör alla aspekter av utbildning. 

    Skolariseringen syns på policynivå. Den påverkar den pedagogiska praktiken och undervisningen; den förändrar synen på barnet och dess förmågor, och inte minst påverkar den vår syn på vad utbildning är till för. I denna bok används skolstarten och förskoleklassen som exempel, men analysen av skolariseringen är allmängiltig för utbildning och undervisning av barn i hela skolsystemet. Hur kan dessa förändringar beskrivas? Vad bidrar till skolariseringen? Vilken betydelse har denna utveckling? Detta är angelägna frågor för alla som är engagerade i utbildning. Därför är det viktigt att lärare och lärarstudenter får ett språk för att kritiskt kunna granska och diskutera vad skolariseringen innebär - både för dem själva och för deras profession.

  • 29.
    Acosta, Lilibeth
    et al.
    Potsdam Institute Climate Impact Research PIK, Germany .
    Klein, Richard J T
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema vatten i natur och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Centrum för klimatpolitisk forskning. Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden .
    Reidsma, Pytrik
    Wageningen University, Netherlands .
    Metzger, Marc J
    University of Edinburgh, Scotland .
    Rounsevell, Mark D A
    University of Edinburgh, Scotland .
    Leemans, Rik
    Wageningen University, Netherlands .
    Schroeter, Dagmar
    Int Institute Appl Syst Anal, Austria .
    A spatially explicit scenario-driven model of adaptive capacity to global change in Europe2013Ingår i: Global Environmental Change, ISSN 0959-3780, E-ISSN 1872-9495, Vol. 23, nr 5, s. 1211-1224Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional impact models combine exposure in the form of scenarios and sensitivity in the form of parameters, providing potential impacts of global change as model outputs. However, adaptive capacity is rarely addressed in these models. This paper presents the first spatially explicit scenario-driven model of adaptive capacity, which can be combined with impact models to support quantitative vulnerability assessment. The adaptive capacity model is based on twelve socio-economic indicators, each of which is projected into the future using four global environmental change scenarios, and then aggregated into an adaptive capacity index in a stepwise approach using fuzzy set theory. The adaptive capacity model provides insight into broad patterns of adaptive capacity across Europe, the relative importance of the various determinants of adaptive capacity, and how adaptive capacity changes over time under different social and economic assumptions. As such it provides a context for the implementation of specific adaptation measures. This could improve integrated assessment models and could be extended to other regions. However, there is a clear need for a better theoretical understanding of the adaptive capacity concept, and its relationship to the actual implementation of adaptation measures. This requires more empirical research and coordinated meta-analyses across regions and economic sectors, and the development of bottom-up modelling techniques that can incorporate human decision making.

  • 30.
    Adamsson, Josefin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema.
    Malm, Linnea
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema.
    Påverkar ett maktskifte?: En analys av den lokala miljö-och klimatpolitiken i Norrköping2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The previous year there was a change of power in Norrköping, where the Borgerlig samverkan consisting of the Moderates, the Christian Democrats and the Liberals took over from Kvartetten, in other words the Social Democrats, the Center Party, the Liberals and the Christian Democrats. The purpose of this study is both to explore disagreements within the local environmental and climate policy among the parties in Norrköping as well as to investigate how the change of power affects the local environmental and climate policy. A qualitative content analysis of both documents and debates has been carried out to answer the study's questions. Through scientific literature, we have identified themes, which became the starting points for the analysis of the study's material. The results show that there are clear contradictions between parties, something that the literature suggests is becoming more and more common. The parties' views diverge on what role technology should have, whether the airport should be closed down or preserved, whether to switch to renewable energy sources, how essential organic food production is, what transport-related changes should take place, whether nature reserves should be established and to what extent climate adaptation measures should be implemented. Furthermore, it appears that the new governance, Borgerlig samverkan, has lower ambitions than Kvartetten when it comes to environmental-and climate policy actions. The new board, Borgerlig samverkan, claims that the municipality's environmental and climate work should be characterized by technological optimism. In that case, this would mean that a societal change will not be achieved, which the parties in Borgerlig samverkan also do not consider to be necessary or desirable. Borgerlig samverkan further wants to preserve the airport, is positive towards nuclear power as a form of energy and regard wind power negatively, does not prioritize ecological or climate adaptation measures and does not want to establish nature reserves, but sees it as important that the car is included in the municipality's central areas. 

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    fulltext
  • 31.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation.
    Att lära barn berätta2004Ingår i: Saga och Sanning. Berättandets konst och berättelsens budskap, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2004, s. 11-17Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 32.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation.
    Handen, huvudet, ögat.2005Ingår i: Det öppna rummet, Pieksämäki, Finland: Söderströms/Atlantis , 2005, s. 299-308Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Om språkets förhållande till kroppen

  • 33.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation.
    Måltiden - inte bara mat utan också prat.2004Ingår i: Text i arbete: festskrift till Britt-Louise Gunnarsson den 12 januari 2005 = Text at work : essays in honour of Britt-Louise Gunnarsson 12 january 2005 / [ed] Ingegerd Bäcklund, Uppsala: Institutionen för nordiska språk , 2004, s. 19-27Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    En litteraturstudie av betydelsen av måltidssamtal.

  • 34.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation.
    Nordenstam, Kerstin: Skvaller (1998)2000Ingår i: Språk och stil, ISSN 1101-1165, E-ISSN 2002-4010, Vol. 9, s. 195-199Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 35.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Varför ger vi röst åt de frånvarande?2003Ingår i: Grammatik och samtal: studier till minne av Mats Eriksson / [ed] Bengt Nordberg; Mats Eriksson;, Uppsala: Institutionen för nordiska språk, Uppsala universitet , 2003, s. 125-134Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Analys av vilka funktioner som virtuella deltagare har i samtal.

  • 36.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation.
    Virtual participants as communicative resources in discussions on gene technology2004Ingår i: The IADA Conference,2001, Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag , 2004, s. 275-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 37.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation.
    Virtual participants as communicative resources in discussions on gene technology2004Ingår i: Dialogue Analysis VIII: Understanding and Misunderstanding in Dialogue: Selected Papers from the 8th IADA Conference, Göteborg 2001 / [ed] Karin Aijmer, Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag , 2004, s. 275-286Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The present collection of articles, presented at the 8th IADA Conference in Göteborg, focuses on understanding and misunderstanding as dialogic phenomena. The notion of a dialogic grammar and dialogic principles as a framework for understanding human communication and cognition is explored in several contributions. Misunderstanding in dialogue is dealt with in institutional and non-institutional settings, in fiction and film dialogue, from several different theoretical perspectives

  • 38.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation.
    "Who is Talking?" Some Thoughts on Speakers, Voices and Virtual Participants2000Ingår i: Creative Crossroads - Electronic Honorary Publication Dedicated to Yvonne Wærn on Her Retirement, Linköping: Tema Kommunikation, Linköpings universitet , 2000Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

       

  • 39.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation.
    Är det verkligen fult att skvallra? Några reflexioner över värderingen av en genre.2000Ingår i: Sett och hört :: en vänskrift tillägnad Kerstin Nordenstam på 65-årsdagen / [ed] Nordenstam, Kerstin,, Göteborg: Institutionen för svenska språket, Göteborgs universitet , 2000, s. -316Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 40.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation.
    Aronsson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn.
    Linell, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation.
    Discourse of blame. Courtroom construction of social reality from the perspective of the defendant.1988Ingår i: Semiotica, ISSN 0037-1998, E-ISSN 1613-3692, Vol. 71, s. 261-284Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 41.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation.
    Nilholm, Claes
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation.
    "... so one can plant a little seed" : an analysis of a teacher's way of solving a communicative problem in talks with parents2000Ingår i: Nordisk Pedagogik, ISSN 0901-8050, E-ISSN 1504-2995, Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 191-205Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 42.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation.
    Nilholm, Claes
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation.
    Who is Cindy? Aspects of identity work in a teacher-parent-pupil talk at a special school2000Ingår i: Text - an interdisciplinary journal for the study of discourse, ISSN 0165-4888, Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 545-568Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article presents a case study of one teacher-parent-pupil (TPP) conference. Cindy, the pupil, has Down syndrome. A study of how people with verbal communication problems manage discursive practices that largely rely on the ability to verbally negotiate identity is clearly motivated, both from a theoretical and a more practice-oriented perspective. We found that Cindy's identity is described and talked about in terms of predefined aspects, codified in a written agenda. All participants oriented themselves towards some sort of cultural model of the ideal identity that does not have to be discursively justified. Cindy's identity is not only talked about, but also demonstrated and enacted in interaction. Her self-presentation is mediated by her mother, and this mediation is linked to the sequential organization of the turn-taking system and the way the participation framework becomes organized. Cindy's talked-about and demonstrated identity work does not only concern her as an individual. It is also a relationship presentation. The identity of Cindy as a pupil and a daughter implies a certain identity for a teacher and a mother. To help one's daughter present her identity in a favorable way is to simultaneously display the identity of a good mother. ⌐ Walter de Gruyter.

  • 43.
    Adelsvärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Sachs, Lisbeth
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema.
    Framtida skuggor: samtal om risk, prevention och den genetiska familjen2002Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur kommer mitt liv att gestalta sig? Kommer jag att vara frisk och stark? Kan jag göra något för att påverka ödet? Den moderna läkekonsten försöker på olika sätt att besvara sådana frågor. Ständigt utvecklas nya metoder för att tidigt avslöja hälsorisker.

    Att konfronteras med hot om framtida sjukdom kan vara dramatiskt och omtumlande. Så är det för den kvinna som får reda på att den bröstcancer hennes mamma dog av kan vara ärftlig och därmed hota henne själv eller hennes barn. Så är det också för den man som ser livet förkortat när blodprovet avslöjar ett alarmerande värde.

    Men hur påverkas vi av genetisk kartläggning eller upplysning om konsekvenserna av en viss livsstil? Kan kunskap om möjliga sjukdomsförlopp rent av vara skadlig? Hur förstår människor den information som uttrycks i: "Du har 50 procents risk att utveckla cancer"? Den här boken visar hur vanliga människor reagerar i sådana situationer.

  • 44.
    Adelswärd, Viveka
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation.
    Norrby, Catrin: Vardagligt berättande. Form, funktion och förekomst (1998).1998Ingår i: Språk och stil, ISSN 1101-1165, E-ISSN 2002-4010, Vol. 8, s. 214-218Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 45.
    Adelswärd, Viveka
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Styles of success: On impression management as collaborative action in job interviews1988Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The research reported in this study takes both a general descriptive approach - investigating the characteristics of 48 job interviews - and a comparative one - analyzing ways in which those who got a job offer differed from those who did not. Data used in this study are tape recordings of job interviews with applicants for trainee-positions with a large Swedish business corporation. Additional data are tape-recordings of post-interviews made by the researcher with the applicants as well as questionnaires from the interviewers.

    The theoretical nations of self presentation and impression management (Goffman) have been the main points of departure for this study. All communication invalves impression,management. but job interviews focus explicidy on this aspect of interaction. Job interviews can be seen as argumentations where the applicants are actively trying to support their claim that they are perfect for the job. Their argumentations are enacted in a dialogue, however, and the applicants' ways of arguing are thus dependent on the interviewers' contributions to the dialogue. Communication is a constant handling of conflicting demands. The particular solution to these conversational dilemmas manifests itself as a personal style.

    Three main empirical analyses of the data were performed. The first concemed itself with the structure of the job interview. What does it look like and how is it managed? The analyses show that the responsibility for maintaining the global structure lies almost completely with the interviewer, hut that the applicant has the responsibility for managingthe local structure, for feeding interesting detalls in to the interview.

    The second set of analyses was concerned with the ways in which the applicants actively argued for themselves. The results show that the successful applicants qualify their claims more forcefully, by modifications, explicit analysis or humour, for instance. The successfulapplicants also receive more interactive assistance from the interviewers.

    The third set of analyses aimed at investigating some aspects of the interactive elimate in relation to the interviewers' different interviewing styles. The ways in which the interviewers paused and used simultaneous talk had a decisive influence on the length of the applicants' answers. The interactive element of interviewing was once more demonstrated in the analysis of laughter; in the interviews with the successful applicants there was more mutual laughter than in the interviews with the nonsuccessful applicants. The different interviewers' styles were recognized and described accurately by the applicants hut were valued differently.

    The main significance of the study is the demonstration of the interactive element in dialogue. The interviewers are in a certain sense actively creating the grounds on which they are to base their decision to hire the applicants or not.

  • 46.
    Adelswärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Economou, Konstantin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Forstorp, Per-Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Linell, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Samtal i samhället: på vems villkor1997Ingår i: Rhetorica Scandinavica, ISSN 1397-0534, E-ISSN 2002-7974, nr 1, s. 38-43Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det offentliga samtalets dynamik och förändring står i blickpunkten för projektet Samtal i samhället. På vems villkor? Forfattarnas intresse är att med dialogteoretiska och samtalsanalytiska begrepp och metoder studera dynamiken inom och mellan olika offentliga arenor. Delprojekten inriktar sig på diskurser där frågor om ansvar, säkerhet och risk, moral och politik står i fokus. Artikeln avslutas med en jämförelse mellan retorik och kommunikationsforskning.

  • 47.
    Adelswärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation.
    Holsánová, Jana
    Lunds universitet.
    Wibeck, Victoria
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema.
    Virtual talk as a communicative resource. Explorations in the field of gene technology2002Ingår i: Sprachtheorie und Germanistische Linguistik, ISSN 1218-5736, Vol. 12Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 48.
    Adelswärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation.
    Nilholm, Claes
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation.
    Discourse about Children with Mental Disablement: An Analysis of Teacher-Parent Conferences in Special Education Schools1998Ingår i: Language and education : an international journal, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 81-98Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 49.
    Adelswärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation.
    Sachs, Lisbeth
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema.
    Risk Discourse: Recontextualization of numerical values1998Ingår i: Text & talk : an interdisciplinary journal of language, discourse & communication studies, ISSN 1860-7330, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 191-210Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 50.
    Adelswärd, Viveka
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Sparrman, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Cromdal, Jakob
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Barn. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Evaldsson, Ann-Carita
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Den väsentliga vardagen2009Ingår i: Den väsentliga vardagen: Några diskursanalytiska perspektiv på tal, text och bild, Stockholm: Carlssons , 2009, 1, s. 9-12Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Här ger arton forskare som alla varit doktorander till professor Karin Aronsson sin beskrivning av olika former av vardagliga fenomen. Det handlar om hur människor i olika sammanhang samspelar och skapar mening. Gemensamt för de författare som bidrar i boken är att de är eller har varit doktorander vid Institutionen Barn och tema Kommunikation, vid Linköpings universitet. Sedan mitten av 1980-talet har institutionen erbjudit en dynamisk forskningsmiljö för personer med intresse för samtal, kulturella uttryck och socialt liv i och utanför institutionella sammanhang.

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