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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Agricultural Productivity, Land Access and Gender Equality: Based on a minor field study conducted in Zambia 20132013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Africa’s agricultural productivity is the lowest in the world. At the same time the largest proportion of poor people live in rural areas where they are dependent upon agriculture for their survival. Agriculture is thus an essential to consider when fighting poverty. Women make up 70-80 % of the labour force in the agricultural sector and produce about 80% of the food for the household. Women are at the same time dependent upon their husbands for access to agricultural land and financial resources. Despite the important role of agriculture for poverty reduction, the sector continues to lack attention from both governments and international organizations, and the fact that gender discrimination is a cause of poverty is rarely raised.

     

    This thesis aims to investigate, through a field study in Zambia, which conditions and circumstances that create low agricultural productivity, based on how the peasants themselves perceive it. The paper aims to problematize the question of low agricultural productivity by looking at the issue of land access and gender equality. This thesis takes its methodological point of departure in a qualitative ethnographic field study with semi-structured interviews. In order to analyze the peasants situation Sustainable Rural Livelihood has been used as an analytical framework.

     

    The result of this thesis shows that peasants’ productivity mainly is hampered by the fact that they lack access to productive and financial resources. The overall difficult macro-economic situation in Zambia, together with the fact that investments from the government in the agricultural sector and in rural development is small, contributes to a situation that hinders peasants’ opportunities to increase productivity with other means than just working harder. Furthermore, the result shows that women experience gender discrimination in accessing land, credits and education. The difference between men and women is structural and is the result of unequal access to resources, which have given men more power and influence. Hence, women have become dependent upon their husbands to gain access to land and financial resources, implying that women become both vulnerable and isolated. Access to land would strengthen women’s economical dependency and give them the possibility to control the income and investment made in agriculture.

  • 2.
    Abrahamsson, Therese
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Gyllin, Elisa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Cuamba Municipality, the capital of water?: A case study of the inclusion of female interests in water governance in Cuamba municipality, Mozambique.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The purpose of this research is to examine if female interests have been included in different levels of water governance in Cuamba municipality, Mozambique in order to understand if gender equality and women empowerment is being addressed at the grassroots level. In Sub-Saharan Africa women generally have the responsibility of fetching water and are therefore directly affected by the quality and accessibility of water and sanitation services. Though gender mainstreaming and policies addressing gender equality has been adopted in Mozambique, the actual difference that these measures have made to the lives of women in Mozambique is questionable.  A qualitative single case study has been conducted, by interviewing government institutions, the private sector and civil society actors at district and municipality level in Cuamba. The findings reveal that it is the municipality government, FIPAG and the traditional leaders that are the main actors with the power over the distribution of water in Cuamba and through a joint effort the water situation has improved a lot in recent years. The interest in water among women was mainly focused to having a water source while the main interests among men was to have a shorter distance as well as shorter queues to the water source. An abductive method of the analytical framework consisting of four dimensions of water governance and rethinking em(power)ment, gender and development has been used to guide the analysis of the findings in a more comprehensive manner thus investigating the power structures in each dimension of water governance with a focus on women empowerment. The result indicates that women living in the urban areas were more empowered in all notions of power due to better access to information and education thus giving them more time and individual knowledge to collectively and individually demand power over the distribution of water. Due to lack of empowerment among women living in the rural areas, these women demanded less regarding the distribution of water and had less individual understanding of water governance. Furthermore the interests among women living in the rural areas were mostly included in the decision-making processes as it generally concerned having access to a clean water source. As the women in the urban areas demanded more and had more interests in water governance it became clear that the female interests in the urban areas were not included in decision-making. By including more women in decision-making bodies in water governance and putting more emphasis on education for women these issues could be addressed.

  • 3.
    Achten, Kathleen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Environmentally Displaced Persons: A Game Theoretic View2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of environmentally displaced persons (EDPs) has not received much attention yet. However, the amount of EDPs will increase significantly in the future as a consequence of climate change. This increase could be prevented if developed countries would take adaptation measures, however at the moment they do not take any action.

     

    This desk study looks at the current situation of no action through the Basic Explanatory Framework developed by Scharpf. This framework uses game theory and provides an explanation for the lack of action concerning EDPs, namely the free-rider effect and the prediction that there will be no action. Furthermore, this thesis contains a comparison of the case of EDPs with the case of climate change and the Kyoto Protocol. Both cases show many similarities but there has been action concerning climate change namely the Kyoto Protocol.

     

    The comparison enforces the prediction that has been made concerning EDPs. Both in the climate change case and the EDPs case, countries will act as free-riders. The Kyoto Protocol has only symbolic value and thus, developed countries have also free-rid in the case of climate change. Furthermore, eight policy options are provided in this thesis that could increase the incentives for developed countries to take action concerning EDPs: increase incentives, issue linkages, transfers, increase willingness to pay among voters, consensus treaty, coalitions, setting deadlines and supranational organisations. 

  • 4.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Royal Love: Gender, Power, and National Identity in the Swedish Crown Princess Wedding2014In: Love: A Question for Feminism in the Twenty-First Century / [ed] Anna G. Jónasdóttir and Ann Ferguson, New York and London: Routledge, 2014, p. 48-62Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Agevall, Lena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Jonnergård, KarinLinnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.Krantz, JoakimLinnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Frihet under ansvar eller ansvar under tillsyn?: Om dokumentstyrning av professioner2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    De professionellas arbetssätt befinner sig i förändring. Att följa manualer och standarder, att möta en ny typ av redovisningsansvar, extern kvalitetskontroll och krav på dokumentation utmanar på flera sätt den traditionella bilden av professioner. I Frihet under ansvar eller ansvar under tillsyn belyses erfarenheter av dokumentstyrning från tre professioner, revisorer, lärare och socionomer.

    Boken fokuserar vad dokumentstyrningen betyder för professionernas kunskapsbas och normbas samt hur professionernas autonomi förändras när det gäller att bedöma vad som ska göras, vad som är kvalitet i arbetet och när det gäller möjligheten att ta ett professionellt ansvar.

    De professionellas erfarenheter analyseras utifrån en modell – kunskapstriaden – vars aspekter; kännarskap, känslomässigt engagemang och utvärdering av och ansvar för eget arbete tillsammans antas utgöra en motor för utvecklingen, upprätthållandet och vidareutvecklingen av de professionellas kunskaps- och normsystem.

    Boken vänder sig till studerande inom professionsutbildningar företrädesvis på en avancerad nivå och till forskare och andra som har ett övergripande intresse för styrnings- och professionsfrågor. Frihet under ansvar eller ansvar under tillsyn manar också till fortsatt forskning om de professionellas villkor.

  • 6.
    Agevall, Lena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies. Kristianstad University.
    Pernilla, Broberg
    Kristianstad University ; Linköping University.
    Umans, Timurs
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics. Kristianstad University.
    The new generation of auditors meeting praxis: dual learning's role in audit students' professional development2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170, Vol. 62, no 2, p. 307-324Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores whether and in what way “dual learning” can develop understanding of the relationship between structure/judgement and explores audit student’s perceptions of the audit profession. The Work Integrated Learning (WIL) module, serving as a tool of enabling dual learning, represents the context for this exploration. The study is based on a focus group and individual interviews conducted with students performing their WIL. Our data and its analysis indicates that when in a WIL context, students develop awareness of the use of standards and checklists on the one hand, and the importance of discretional judgement on the other. Based on these results, we theorise as to how dual learning manifests itself in students’ experiences and understanding of the relationship between structure and judgement.

  • 7.
    Agevall, Ola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Esaias Tegnér: Vägar till det sociologiska stereotypbegreppet2015In: Sociologi genom litteratur: Skönlitteraturens möjligheter och samhällsvetenskapens begränsningar / [ed] Christofer Edling & Jens Rydgren, Lund: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2015, p. 311-322Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Agevall, Ola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Heinrich Rickert och vetenskapsläran2013In: Kulturvetenskap och naturvetenskap / [ed] Heinrich Rickert / Ola Agevall, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2013, p. 7-32Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Agevall, Ola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Kompendium i komparativ metodik2016Report (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Agevall, Ola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Lyktgubben i staten: lantmätarna, professionssociologin och tillitens villkor2017In: På väg: En vänbok till Sven E Olsson Hort / [ed] Paavo Bergman & Gunnar Olofsson, Lund: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2017, p. 279-288Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Agevall, Ola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Social Closure: On Metaphors, Professions and a Boa Constrictor2017In: Professions and Metaphors: Understanding professions in society / [ed] Andreas Liljegren & Mike Saks, London: Routledge, 2017, p. 63-76Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Agevall, Ola
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    You are what you eat: On social closure, boa constrictors, and professional change2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Metaphors are quintessentially novelty items, and as such do not age gracefully. Once productive tensions between vehicle and tenor sooner or later become stale from habituation; all natural languages contain entire petrified forests of once vivid metaphors and analogies which have receded into pseudo-literalness.  To this class belongs a concept that has long been at the core of the sociology of professions: the spatial analogy “social closure”, geschloßene Beziehungen in Max Weber’s original, has been exploited to highlight important features of inter-professional relations, upon which influential theories have been built. The success of these theoretical approaches has been accompanied by a reluctance to revisit the underlying analogy.

    This essay argues the case for reconsidering the spatial analogy underlying the concept of social closure, and it does so along two lines. First, it is shown that only a portion of Weber’s elaboration of social closure was received in the sociology of professions, that attention to the original analogy is needed to rescue the remaining parts, and that these have potential value for profession research. Second, it embarks upon novel metaphorical work on the basis of Weber’s analogy, in order to capture the peculiar dynamics of professions that are defined by employment in a single institution or type of organization. Drawing on the analysis of Swedish university teachers, which approximate this pure type, we arrive at a more generally applicable model of this class of professions. 

  • 13.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Brändström, Sture
    LIndberg, Boel
    Thorgersen, Ketil
    Hagströms musikskola bidrog till det svenska musikundret2013In: Resultatdialog 2013 / [ed] Vetenskapsrådet, Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet , 2013, p. 9-17Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Exploring tensions between academic and vocational elements in the education of professions2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    On social closure and professional expansion2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One standard assumption in the theory of professions involves the notion of a specific occupational group trying to and partly succeeding in controlling the supply of services in a specific segment of society. Each and every profession is then seen as implicitly or explicitly trying to avoid or control the competitive market model. This is the core of the neo-weberian cynical theory of professions, underscoring social closure and monopolies as prime vehicles of professionalization. Another theoretical strand argues the importance of expansion for the entrenchment and success of professions. This paper explores the relation between professional expansion and social closure, focussing on those mechanisms which are concomitant with expansion and arise as a reaction within the jurisdictional fields of rapidly expanding professions.

  • 16.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Professions in Incentive Society: The Legacy of the 1990s in the Swedish Academic profession2015In: Differences, Inequalities and socilogical imagination: ESA 2015, 12th Conference of the European sociological Association, Abstract Book, Prague: Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of Sciences , 2015, p. 949-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The early 1990s are marked by two types of important events on a global scale. First, these were years of economic recession, accompanied by rising unemployment, the widespread ascendance of new forms and techniques of governance, and politically enforced restrictions on public spending.  Second, the early 1990s made knowledge society a common trope, and the global university enrolment ratio rose steeply. The two changes are interlinked –expansion of higher education bolstered youth unemployment, a knowledge economy was held up as a model for western societies – and both impact the system of professions.

    This paper examines how the combination of recession and university expansion was accommodated in one specific locale in the system of professions, the case of Swedish university teachers. The academic profession was subjected to the same changes in the forms and techniques of governance as other Swedish professions. But whereas most professions encountered novel forms of steering under conditions of scarcity, the higher education sector was reformed during a period of abundance. Two resource-shocks hit the system. One derived from an increased flow of research funding, the other from the rapidly increasing number of students. We argue that this mode of introduction (1) postponed the perception of adverse effects on the profession, (2) aligned with, accentuated and altered the structure of an internally differentiated but formally unified university system, (3) created specific groups of beneficiaries at different poles of the system – and that, thereby, (4) an incentive-based institutional framework was worked into the tissue of the professional body.

  • 17.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Rapidly Growing Professions and Social Closure: Conditions, Consequences and Counter-Movements2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Students of the history of professions are likely to observe in their profession(s) of choice one or more major quantitative leaps when the number of practitioners set off in an exponential pattern. The growth of the welfare state after WWII, for instance, gave rise to such patterns both in the established professions and in the then burgeoning semi-professions. Growth rates with similar time-shapes occur in other historical contexts, driven by state commitment, market expansion, or other forces.

     

    In this paper we explore the relation between professional expansion and social closure. We focus on those mechanisms which are concomitant with expansion and arise as a reaction within the jurisdictional fields of rapidly expanding professions. But expansion does not only strengthen the position of such professions – it also lead to changes in task structures, in aspirations for more highly valued tasks, and encourages new divisions of labour among occupational categories in the fields, including the new “kids on the block” .

     

    We will analyse the effects of professional “take-offs” after WW2 as a key example, although the main focus of the paper is theoretical.

  • 18.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Tensions between academic and vocational demands2014In: From Vocational to Professional Education: Educating for Social Welfare / [ed] Jens-Christian Smeby, Molly Sutphen, London and New York: Routledge, 2014, p. 26-49Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most important routes to employment within the social welfare sector worldwide is higher education, which equips students not only with the knowledge for employment, but with the tools to use and build on this knowledge. During the last few decades there has been an academic drift in professional education, especially for many shorter professional programmes. Many of these shorter programmes have left the realm of vocational education to enter higher education. On the one hand, graduates are confronted by an increased demand for research and evidence-based knowledge, and on the other, they are criticised for lacking the knowledge and skills relevant for professional work.

    From Vocational to Professional Education presents new research into programmes suggesting how best to prepare students for professional work and addresses the challenges facing the education of professionals for social welfare. The book identifies and clarifies key problems, as well as outlining the political and historical context in which they are embedded. Chapters discuss theoretical and analytical ways to address these challenges and suggest recommendations for the further development of education for professional practice.

    Based on comprehensive longitudinal research data, the book will appeal to policy makers, leaders of higher education, and teachers and researchers involved in programmes qualifying students for professional work.

  • 19.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    The Emergence of the Professional Field of Higher Education in Sweden2013In: Professions & Professionalism, ISSN 1893-1049, E-ISSN 1893-1049, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 1-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The changing structure of the Swedish university system has shaped its corps of university teachers. The analytical device used to demonstrate this connection is the changing social functions of Swedish universities which serve as the lens through which we understand this change. We argue for five successive and historically added layers of functions: the training of church officials, state functionaries, experts of the industrial society, the welfare professions, and, finally, the mass of employees of the “knowledge society.” Each new function is superimposed on the existing ones, adding to the complexity of tasks, areas of knowledge, and teacher categories in the universities. The position of the university as the arbiter of the highest form of knowledge, the internal differentiation of the field of higher education, and the growth and stratification of its teaching corps are three main building blocks for this history of the Swedish system of higher education.

  • 20.
    Akampurira, Sam
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Understanding the role of regulation in improving the contribution of private sector towards health care delivery  in Uganda2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 21.
    Akpinar, Aylin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Turkish Divorcées and Need for Woman-friendly Policies2018In: Global Currents in Gender and Feminisms: Canadian and International Perspectives / [ed] Glenda Tibe Bonifacio, United Kingdom: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018, 1st, p. 93-105Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender analysis of the narratives of low-income divorcées in big cities of Ankara, Istanbul and Izmir shows that their lives are under patriarchal domination. Women are subjected to all kinds of violence in their marriage and escape it by getting a divorce. Their lives are vulnerable as the increasing numbers of lone mothers are neither morally nor socially accepted in Turkish society. The patriarchal family ideal exacerbates the situation of lone mothers who become stigmatized as divorcées. Divorce is considered a 'shame' for women, and the ideology of family is used as a poitical tool where persistent conservative bias ignores wife battering, rape and other types of abuse in society.

  • 22.
    Ali, Abdifatah
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    The integration of Somali immigrants in Sweden.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 23.
    Ali, Armando
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Coordination of NGOs at District Level in Nampula Province, Northern Mozambique2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study seeks to increase understanding about organizational, structural and contextual factors that affect and explain the coordination of NGOs in Nampula province. The focus of the analysis is the ongoing experience of coordination among NGOs at provincial level through the Provincial Civil Society Platform (PCSP) and the possibilities of improvement of this coordination at district level.

    Civil society organizations in Nampula province, especially NGOs implementing socioeconomic and civic projects, are trying since 2006 to establish a coordination mechanism of civil society intervention in the province. In 2009 they formally established a Provincial Civil Society Platform (PCSP) as a meeting point, in the provincial capital, where civil society organizations meet to coordinate their interventions and to exchange information. In this platform, organizations working or interested in a specific thematic sector meet together to discuss specific problems or to strategise towards a common objective. Despite years of building up this structure and the expressed willingness to be more effective and coordinated at all levels, this platform did not resulted yet in joint or coordinated interventions at district level that could increase the possibilities of development of citizens in remote areas.

    This is a qualitative study, undertaken in Nampula province using the experience of NGOs members of the agriculture and natural resources sector in Ribáuè district. The analytical framework is based on the Sustainable Rural Livelihood approach. Farmers, extension workers and representatives of private sector in Ribáuè and Nampula were interviewed to have their perception about people’s livelihoods and interactions among service providers. Representatives of NGOs and governmental entities were interviewed to get their understanding about opportunities and obstacles for coordination of NGOs at district level.

    The study concludes that coordination of NGOs can be improved by information sharing and service exchange. However, different from previous understanding that it is the local government that shapes the coordination of civil society, this study concludes that coordination of NGOs is dependent in the relation that they will establish with their donors. NGOs should reflect upon the role of donor and position themselves in order to achieve a path of coordination that can contribute for sustainable development at local level.

  • 24.
    Alic, Ines
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Hallin, Ellinore
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    "Idioter", "mörka krafter" och fotboll: en studie av mediers rapportering om fotbollsrelaterat våld2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    AIM

    This thesis purpose is to fill a knowledge gap of research into football-related violence and media. The objective is to create an understanding of how football-related violence is portrayed in the Swedish tabloids Aftonbladet and Expressen.

    METHOD

    To reach the desideratum we used a qualitative content analysis of 198 articles concerning football-related violence. To analyse the results we used theories regarding ‘Framing’, ‘the three ‘I’s and the ‘Stigma-theory’.

    MAIN RESULTS

    The result from the initial analysis showed a heavy reliance on ‘frames’ by media outlets. This tended to make the news seem more sensational, dramatized and subsequently more readable than it otherwise would have been. When the articles are framed, the journalists’ use various keywords and metaphors to make an ordinary event into an exciting sports story that attracts readers.

  • 25.
    ALLAWI, Ssemanda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies. Linnaeus University .
    China – Africa Economic Relations, A case study of Chinese investments in Uganda‘s hotel sector.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Whereas Foreign Direct Investment in toursim industry has been cited as a motor for economic development in developing countries, empirical evidence remain limited and very unclear. It has been highlighted in diffrent literture that there is no way we can mention tourism industry without mentioning hotel industry and that hotel industry plays a significant role towards economic development. However, still this literature is not conclusive on showing the degree of economic development hotel industry can contribute towards Economic Development in developing countries like Uganda. 

    Using data collected through interviews from both Chinese and Ugandan hotel managers, government officials, and other key informants, and literature review Published in books and journals with systematic information in this field of study, this research paper examined impacts of Chinese investments in Uganda‘s hotel industry towards Uganda‘s economic development. Though from findings there are some negative impacts as a result of Chinese investments in Uganda‘s hotel industry, the findings contend the contribution of Chinese investments in Uganda play a postive impact towards economic development of the country. 

    The research contends that Chinese investmwnts in Uganda‘s hotel industry through their impacts such as among others employment opportunities, source of Foreign exchange , revenue to government, the industry‘s multiplier effects that industry can indeed be a stimuli for economic development.  

  • 26.
    Amir Gafur, Hoda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Child Labour: Causes and solitions of child labour: A comparative case study of two African countries2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Child labour is a global problem. There have been significant steps to combat the problem from international arena, but its prevalence gives reason for concerns. In this study a comparative case study of two African countries will be examined. The two countries are; Somalia and Namibia, where the first mentioned country are still having child labour and the last mentioned have succeeded in combating child labour. With a theoretical framework I will try to answer what made the Somalia failing and what made Namibia succeeding in the elimination of child labour. The methodology that has been used is a structured focused comparison. In the concluding part I will bring fourth several points of what Somalia can learn from Namibia.  

  • 27.
    Andersson, Cajsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    The Effect of Democracy versus Autocracy in Environmental Policy-making using Six African Cases2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As climate change continues to permeate the current political discourse and its effects becomes increasingly visible, the way countries respond to the situation is crucial for determining the extent of future environmental degradation. The Paris Agreement is an attempt to mitigate and adapt to the situation, however the western values tied to it have been criticised. The effectiveness of democracy in environmental protection has been questioned, especially its ties to capitalism and individualism. This thesis uses the theory of authoritarian environmentalism to investigate this debate and see whether the claims have any legitimacy in the context of the Paris Agreement and the promises made in relation to it.     This thesis is a structured focused comparison which compares the policies and projects in three democratic and three autocratic African countries in close geographical proximity and similar environmental situations, to investigate if and in what way the type of government affects the promises made, and whether they are kept, to the Paris Agreement and its signatories. The indicators used for the thesis include policies and internationally funded projects, due to their accessibility, however it is worth noting that they only give a crude approximation of the activities and ambition in the countries, with several others having important roles.    The quality of the six countries’ Intended Nationally Determined Contributions is investigated and followed up with an evaluation of some of the projects active to examine if the countries are implementing their promised efforts, already in these early, yet important, stages of the Agreement. In addition, the theory is applied to the countries’ efforts and some conclusions are reached, including the overall good quality of the countries’ environmental work and confirming that authoritarian countries can produce quality policies, while still having lacking areas, similar to their democratic counterparts, pointing to the complexity of the topic.

  • 28.
    Andersson, Carl
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Pettersson, Stina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Den som väntar på något gott väntar alltid för länge: En studie om Generation Y och deras värderingar i arbetslivet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine the work-related values of Generation Y and why they exhibit these values. In order to understand this group of people and explain the reasons to their values the theoretical framework will primarily be Zygmunt Bauman’s theory of the individual society and Göran Ahrne’s theory of organizations. In a small addition, this study also aims to assess the possible consequences of these values in the labour market. Especially in relation to organization’s Employer Branding, i.e. their strategies to attract, motivate and retain workers. Previous research shows that work-related values differ between generations. We are using a qualitative method collecting data through interviews to get a detailed and nuanced view of their values.

    The study indicates that the people of Generation Y value development and social environment (including leadership) the most. It serves as ways to cope with the uncertainties of the flexible society. They also seem to value instant gratification as a result of being used to getting that through innovations such as the Internet. If this need is not satisfied it is likely that their motivation drops and that they start looking for alternative jobs. They seem to be driven by the need for development and this combines with their lack of patience to result in frequent job changes. Organizations will therefore face a difficult challenge to retain members of this generation. This task will be particularly notable as Generation Y soon becomes the largest generational group in the labour market. 

  • 29.
    Andersson, Carolin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Från förort till prestige: En studie av invandrarelevers väg till och igenom stadens prestigegymnasium2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 30.
    Andersson, Carolin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Trondman, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Stressade unga: hur andelen unga som är stressade kan bli färre: en redovisning av Luppundersökningen 2012 i Kalmar län och Eksjö kommun2014Report (Other academic)
  • 31. Andersson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Eliasson-Lappalainen, Rosmari
    Hallberg, Margareta
    Kärfve, Eva
    Lindberg, Mats
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Sunesson, Sune
    Svensson, Lennart
    Minnesord: Thomas Brante 1947–20162016In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 53, no 4, p. 437-442Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Andersson, Lisa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Hur blir man feminist i Sällskapet?: Vägar till ett politiskt radikalfeministiskt fält2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This field study examines how politically active radical feminists have reached their position in a group called Sällskapet. The aim of the study is to examine different paths, with the purpose to gain understanding of how to become a politically active radical feminist. Also, processes of social recognition on the field are examined; what is recognized and what taste preferences and behaviors gain a lower value? The different paths to the feminist position have been examined through a qualitative method consisting of a mixture of interviews and participant observations. The question if the position in Sällskapet requires specific experiences has been analyzed through Pierre Bourdieu’s theoretical framework, with a particular emphasis on the concept of habitus, symbolic- and cultural capital. The main findings of this study is that individuals who have experienced power related injustices have been able to require the right amount and the right kind of cultural capital that is necessary to be socially recognized in Sällskapet. Another significant ingredient on the path toward Sällskapet is the individuals relation to an introducer; a person who recognizes the individuals’ compatible external attributes and way of acting, with the social rules and codes in Sällskapet. 

  • 33.
    Andersson, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Valfrihetssystem enligt LOV: Ur ett biståndshandläggar- och organisationsperspektiv 2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has one of the best elderly cares in Europe and the Swedish care work is also one of the best in terms of quality, compared to other European countries. In recent years, higher demands have been set on the care work and the number of privatizations of public services has increased. In 2009 a new law came into force, the Act on System of Choice (LOV) which increased individual’s right to a greater participation and a free choice in the selection of health and social care providers. This paper aims to highlight the impact of the law, system of choice. By using the method of qualitative surveys and interviews with care managers, and an exploration of relevant studies and reports, I was able to complete this study. With institutional theory and other sociological concepts such as isomorphism and street-level bureaucracy, I made an analysis of both the care managers and also at an organizational level. In the conclusions I argue that the system of choice has had a greater impact at an organizational level rather than on the care managers. The paper also highlights the fact that the knowledge of processes of implementation and political governance has had a significant role. The three main issues are how the law has influenced care managers work, how organizations have changed, how and if the active choices work in practice.

  • 34.
    Andersson, Robert
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Police Education.
    Nilsson, Roddy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Telling the Truth about Crime: The Past and Present of Swedish Criminology2015In: Retfærd. Nordisk Juridisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0105-1121, Vol. 38, p. 79-93Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Andersson, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    A study on the sustainability and the aftermaths of the HESAWA project in Tanzania.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Health through Sanitation and Water project (HESAWA) was first initiated in 1983/84, and was implemented from 1985 to 2002. The project covered three regions in northwestern Tanzania and strived towards improving the health situation in the area through improvements in the water and sanitation sector, as well as by providing health education to the local people.

    The aim of this research study is to investigate if the HESAWA project and its implemented structures have been sustainable for the local population in the affected villages in the Geita region in Tanzania. The Sida evaluation manual, Looking Back, Moving Forward, has been used as an analytical frame of interpretation to determine if these goals have been fulfilled.

    The research was carried out as a fieldstudy in two villages in the Geita and Mwanza region, just south of Lake Victoria. In total 42 interviews were conducted among families, Water Committees, focus groups of men and women, dispensaries, health clinics, schools, NGOs, and former HESAWA workers. The questions were centered on water, sanitation, and health issues. The most common diseases included diarrhea, bilharzia, worms, and malaria. Even though these diseases have decreased in the area, they are still present to a large extent.

    The conclusion drawn from this study is that the HESAWA project did make a difference in the Geita region. The health standard at large in the villages has increased today compared to during the beginning of the HESAWA project. However, the sustainability of the project was not as good as expected. This is mainly due to an increased population, creating a shortage in water supplies, lack of sanitary conditions including poorly constructed latrines, as well as lack of awareness among the local population in regard to health issues. Financial capital was further a main obstacle towards further development and improvement within the health sector in the villages, wherefore future work within this field is of great necessity.

  • 36.
    Ankarvik, Max
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Att köra eller inte köra: En studie av miljömedvetna bilisters dissonansreducerande- och identitetsupprätthållande strategier2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Att köra eller inte köra is a qualitative study aiming to show how environmentally conscious people who utilizes cars deal with their dissonant behavior, but at the sametime maintain an identity as environmentally conscious. The study is based on the fact that a third of those who drive cars in the municipality of Växjö would like to decrease their use of cars while at the same time having the infrastructural conditions to utilize other means of transportation. The study investigates inner obstacles in the form of habits and lifestyle, but also the different strategies the motorists use to reduce their cognitive dissonance and maintain a green identity. The indicators show that the reason the majority of the motorists continue to utilize cars is part due to inner obstacles (it's adeeply rooted habit, but also a big part of their lifestyles), part due to that the individuals have defenses for their use of their cars, defenses designed to have a dissonance reducing effect. The indicators also show that the motorists value their family higher than the environment, and in this way they can legitimize many of their car uses. The study finds hints suggesting that the motorists associate good parenting with using cars and therefore risk another type of dissonance linked to parenthood if they should stop using cars. The majority of the motorists in the study have grown up in a rural environment suggesting that the car is a big part of a norm system linked to the motorists' cultural background, which in it self could be an explanation for why the individuals associate good parenting with the use of cars.

  • 37.
    Ankarvik, Max
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Hur skapas en journalist?: En biografisk studie på nyexaminerade journalister2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The study - Hur skapas en journalist? - examines why so many people choose to turn tothe journalist profession when the conditions for a secure position on the labor market ispoor. The study also highlights how recently graduated journalist perceives their temporary and insecure position on the labor market.

    The study was performed trough ten biographical interviews with recently graduated journalists. Via the interviews I examined what has formed the individuals to perceive journalism as a rational or pragmatic choice for a career. The study shows that journalists, who come from families with high cultural capital, have been shaped by a particular culture of education, which focuses on education as a step towards selfrealization. The individuals have therefore taken career decisions among what they find developing. In the study, I found that the journalists have undergone two different types of life courses. There are the journalists who followed a more linear life course to the profession, and the ones who have undergone a more “crooked” life course. The linear life course is characterized by the fact that the individuals relatively early after highschool started to study journalism. These individuals, who followed the linear life course, have had a more straight forward way to the occupation mainly because of their social network. They have, through their social network, had the journalistic profession placed on their horizon of action because they either have parents who are journalists or because they have worked with the profession at some point. Those individuals whohave followed a crooked life course have not seen journalism as an obvious career choice, but the profession has progressively placed itself on their horizon of action because of past experiences. They have traveled, moved, worked and studied a variety of classes, mainly classes whit focus on languages and creative writing, before they started to study journalism. These past experiences have formed the individuals to perceive journalism as a pragmatic or rational career choice.

    I also find indications that the journalists who have undergone a more crooked life course find their insecure and temporary situation on the labor market less problematicthan the ones who have followed a linear life course. I suggest that the journalists whohave undergone a crooked life course have developed a higher tolerance towards a precarious and temporary situation on the labor market, their previous flexible life course have given rise to a higher tolerance of uncertainty. In other words, their pastlives has partly formed them to want to become journalists, but also made them more suitable for a temporary labor market.

  • 38.
    Anschütz, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Cooperation of INGOs in times of humanitarian crises.: A case study from Rwanda.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is looking at the cooperation between international NGOs within one particular humanitarian crisis, namely the genocide and following refugee crisis in Rwanda 1994. While researching the topic of NGO cooperation, it became clear that plenty research about NGO cooperation can be found whereas very little research exists concerning the cooperation of INGOs. Hence, the relevance to research this topic further stems from the assumption that cooperation is an important tool to organize humanitarian work more efficiently and should, therefore, be improved. The work at hand is a desk study and tries to answer whether cooperation exists and how it is pursued. A theoretical framework was created by combining a model of functions that civil society should fulfil with an inter-organizational knowledge sharing approach in order to elaborate on those questions. The used method is the case study approach. The history of Rwanda in 1994 was used as a setting for the study because it is one particularly well-researched topic and provides a good entry point to explore the field of INGO cooperation with other INGOs. In conclusion, the results show that cooperation exists and is pursued in different sectors. Successful cooperation does, however, always require the willingness to reduce competition and find compromises. The extent to which INGOs are doing so varies. In the future, more organizational documentation is needed to truly explore this topic in-depth. It should also be noted that serious problems were met in finding good sources of information from the INGOs involved in this study and that they did not actively reply to requests of supplying further information.

  • 39.
    ARUA, CEASER
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Assessing the validity of microcredit impact studies in Uganda: Assessing the validity of microcredit impact studies in Uganda2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A number of developing countries including Uganda have of recent experienced tremendous growth of microfinance industry in financial and credit service provision. Microfinance development in developing countries and its’ impacts on the poor’s livelihood have been a central point of focus by academic community and development stakeholders. A number of actors like donors and government agencies have accredited microcredit as a program to help the poor improve their living conditions, fight extreme poverty and reduce the number of people living in absolutely lacking situations.

    The growth of microcredit schemes in Uganda has incited donors, government agencies, different microfinance institutions, individual and academia to measure the achievements of the program in relation to its’ different objectives. Despite the growing efforts and attention to measure microcredit impacts on livelihood transformation, less focus has been given to this scientific process of measuring program impacts. Ensuring credibility and validity is an important aspect that guarantees realistic representation and quality in scientific research when researchers seek to understand what has been achieved.

    It is upon the above background that this study established strong interest to understand and explore how different scientific research processes of impact evaluation relate to the quality of impact reports or outcomes measured. The study examines the main debate about microcredit impacts, this is aimed at providing necessary information required (epistemological benefit) to understand microcredit impacts within different perspectives of development. Different researchers’ background more specifically their academic qualifications, expertise, gender, institutions attached to and roles played during different impact studies is assessed by this study. The study looks at different methods of data collection, analysis employed by different microcredit impact studies and they impacted on different studies being assessed.

    The study uses text and systematic method of data and information analysis, different articles searched from Linnaeus University library website and other organizational reports got from different organizations databases, form set of data used in this study. A total of sixteen impact studies done in Uganda have been systematically reviewed. Conceptual framework in which validity is used as the main tool in the analytical discussion of study has been employed.

  • 40.
    Arvedsen, Lærke
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    "We have whistles instead of guns": Nonviolent resistance in the 21st century2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nonviolent resistance has been found to be more effective in bringing about societal and political transformation than violent insurgency.

    Nonviolent resistance as a nonconventional form of engagement in conflict, furthermore attracts more people, encourages diversity in participation, has the moral high ground and has positive longterm effects on a society, in terms of citizenship skills, civilian peace and democratisation. However, a discourse of militarism and violence can be said to dominate the world today. Macropolitical incompatibilities are often confronted with arms and violence, whether by political leaders or civilians.

    This thesis aspires to challenge this violent discourse, and encourage the move towards nonviolent approaches to confronting and circumventing power and authority, by exploring the mechanisms at work in nonviolent resistance movements, and attain a deeper understanding of which elements of nonviolent resistance movements may be supportive of achieving the aim of the collective action for change.

    The methodological approach is conducting a qualitative, deductive study within the framework of a structured, focused cross-case comparison of four nonviolent, anti-regime movements in the Middle East and North Africa, which have taken place in the 21st century.

    The findings reveal the ambiguous and context-dependent nature of most of the elements scrutinised for their operativeness, and yield suggestive tendencies of few - while they offer a nuanced insight into the dynamics within which these elements work in nonviolent conflict. This study explores the phenomenon of nonviolent resistance, provides an understanding of the complexity of the mechanisms and dynamics involved, and suggests the need for further research into nonviolent resistance, to improve the understanding and utilisation of it.

  • 41.
    Asplund, Julia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Magnusson, Petra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Välkommen in! Eller?: En kvalitativ studie av förskolepersonals problematik att upprätthålla ett välfungerande arbetslag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s kindergartens, there is a shortage of resources in terms of small working teams and lack of time. This problem has forced the working teams to hire new personnel and regroup themselves, compared to many other professions. This has created unstable working groups where the staff is replaced frequently. Therefore, it is of great importance that the new employees are integrated quickly to maintain a good spirit between co-workers. This sociological study intends to investigate new staff-member’s entry to these unstable work-teams, how to forge a well-functioning working-team and how it relates with the employee’s job satisfaction. The data in this research has been gathered through a qualitative research method, where interviews with kindergarten personnel were conducted concerning their own experiences. The result has uppermost been interpreted through Goffman’s dramaturgical perspective regarding how people act to get acceptance from co-workers and how they receive each other. Further the theory developed by Randall Collins concerning interaction rituals as well as the concept of socialization was used to understand the issue further. The result of the study indicates that high demands is placed on the staff, both on those who enter the work-teams as well as the existing personnel. It is of great importance that successful socialization is present in the working teams to be able to perform a good work together and enjoy the workplace. To be accepted in a work-team, application of social strategies is required. Mainly, its necessary to make an active adjustment concerning the workplace current norms and values. The social relations between co-workers is crucial for how the teams evolve which is due to the lack of structure in the kindergartens institutions.

  • 42.
    Asterlund, Kent
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    The Gezi Protest: A study of different processes behind the mass mobilization2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 43.
    Aupeix Persson, Sophie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Björnsson, Ellen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Att vara lagom: En studie om nyblivna mödrars relation till den egna kroppen efter en graviditet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study intends to gain understanding of how mothers in the two first years postpartum feel about and relate themselves to the ideal of thinness. The empirical material is based on new mothers’ perceptions and experiences. The data is collected through a qualitative method based on interviews.

     

    The study is interpreted by a social constructive perspective and the theoretical framework has been objectification theory and Connell’s theory of gender. Some of the theoretical concepts we have used to understand the mothers’ experiences are “norms”, “normative femininity” and “social stigma”. We also have used the thematic concept “the social body”, which is an understanding of the body as a carrier of social meaning

     

    The results of the study show that new mothers have a problematic relation to their own bodies. This problematic approach to the body arises from the constant presence of the ideal of thinness and comments from the surroundings, as the norms of interpersonal relationships are modified during pregnancy and the postpartum period. The bodies of the new mothers become objectified by the comments from the surroundings and their bodies are therefore under social control.

     

    The ideal of thinness has a big impact on the new mothers’ body perception. We have therefore identified four strategies that the mothers use to manage the ideal: 1. With the help of clothes the new mothers precede the social pressure that the ideal of thinness generates by concealing their bodies that they experience does not comply with the ideal; 2. The new mothers adapt their bodies to the ideal by physical exercise; 3. The new mothers adapt their bodies to the ideal by diet; 4. The new mothers use cognitive strategies to feel more at ease with their postpartum bodies, by thinking kind thoughts about themselves and their own bodies. 

  • 44.
    Averin, Moa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    ”Duktig tjej” vs. ”dålig tjej”: Tjejer i relation till sex i ungdomslitteratur2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to analyze how sex effects young girls sense of identity as well as to see which norms there is about sex in relation to girls, which power it has over how they are able to act and still be accepted by their peers and the society. The material that was used consisted of four books that are marketed as ”for young adults” and in which sex was a major component of the stories. The method that was used for studying the books was a qualitative text analysis and the theoretic framework consisted of queer theory, with a main focus on the unstability of gender/sex and sexuality, performativity, the heterosexual matrix and heteronormativity.

    The analysis showed that all books compared the girls to traditional norms about how girls are ”supposed” to act. All while they contradict themselves by showing sides of female sexuality which go against the former understanding of girls and girls sexuality. The female sexuality plays a big part in how girls are understood, how their identity is created. At the same time as sex allows them to create their identity it also creates them and controls them. Beacuse as soon as they don’t conform to the norms they are understood as ”odd” and ”wrong”.

  • 45.
    Avetisova, Anastasia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    The Ukraine crisis: A geopolitical power struggle between Russia and the US.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to examine Russia’s and the US behaviors and actions in the Ukraine crisis in order to understand why the conflict resulted in a geopolitical power struggle. Since the current debate is filled with biased information and propaganda, this thesis aims to observe the behaviors and actions from both sides objectively to get a comprehensive understanding of their involvement in the crisis. It is a desk-study since the data is gathered from books and articles. It is qualitative due to the fact that it investigates this particular conflict by using several sources to gain an in-depth knowledge of a two-sided perspective. The method text analysis is used on four chosen articles that will be observed in order to find the underlying reasons of Russia’s and the US ongoing involvement in the crisis. It is an abductive reasoning whereas the theory offensive realism is used as the theoretical lens in order to highlight the most essential information of the chosen articles that will be examined. The three categories diplomacy, economy and military have been applied to outline Russia’s and the US underlying reasons of their behaviors and actions in the Ukraine crisis in order to answer the research questions. The result shows from an offensive realism perspective that Russia and the US are involved in the crisis due to their strategic interest to dominate the Black Sea Region for personal gains. It is shown that both states acted upon self-interest to gain more power and to lesser their rival’s power in order to hinder one another to become a territorial hegemon in the Black Sea Region. It is suggested that the outcome of the Ukraine crisis could have been different without their involvement. 

  • 46.
    Babic, Njegoslav
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Vakter mellan polis och krögare: en studie om förutsättningar för vakters arbete2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 47.
    Backlund, Sandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Ecuadorian indigenous youth and identities: cultural homogenization or indigenous vindication?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There exists a scholarly debate on the cultural impact of globalization and how and to what extent it is affecting indigenous people in particular. Three theoretical standpoints can be discerned from the debate; the homogenization-perspective which holds that globalization is making world cultures more similar, the hybridization-perspective which emphasizes that it is fragmenting cultural boundaries and the differentiation-perspective which implies that globalization is augmenting differences and making humanity as a whole more diverse. As regards the cultural impact of globalization on indigenous peoples, many question marks can be raised. The objective of this research is to contribute to the debate by bringing to light the perspective of the indigenous movement in Ecuador, CONAIE. An analysis is made on how they perceive globalization affecting the maintenance of indigenous identities and culture among today’s youth. That information is then used as a foundation to analyze CONAIE’s level of success regarding their main objective; to preserve Ecuador’s indigenous nationalities and peoples. The study, which has a qualitative ethnographic approach and is based on semi-structured interviews, was carried out during an eight weeks long field study in Quito and in San Pedro de Escaleras, Cuenca, Ecuador. The research has an abductive approach and the theoretical debate on globalization’s cultural impact on indigenous peoples sets the analytical frame of the study. The three theoretical standpoints; globalization as homogenization, globalization as differentiation and globalization as hybridization play central roles in the analysis of the empirical material.

    The findings show that there are many elements that obstruct the maintenance of indigenous culture and identity among youth in contemporary Ecuador. There is a connection between youth being exposed to cultural globalization and that they lose cultural characteristics for the indigenous identity. Hybridization of identities due to globalization is presented as a possible factor to play a role in this. Indigenous youth tend to drop characteristics for the indigenous identity as they adopt features from the mestizo culture, in case they see no benefit in maintaining the former. This indicates that what ultimately might be at stake is cultural homogenization. Light is also shed on that CONAIE lacks strategies and possibilities to reinforce the indigenous identity among the youth that is in a process of identity change. The findings thus point at that despite efforts for cultural revival by the indigenous movement in Ecuador, the maintenance of rigid frontiers between the ethnically diverse nationalities in the country is threatened. Seen to a larger picture, this implies that globalization’s impact on indigenous culture among youth is very difficult to counteract. It appears as if the move towards more cultural similarity in Ecuador cannot be hindered.

  • 48.
    Basic, Nirvana
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Mahmutovic, Emina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Kampen om att ta sig in på den svenska arbetsmarknaden: En studie om bosniska kvinnors väg in på arbetsmarknaden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 49.
    Bayen Bessem, Priscilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    The Effects of Female Genital Mutilation in Cameroon: Case Study: Ejagham Community of Eyumojock sub-division2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Female genital mutilation and circumcision (FGM/C) is an expression that describes social and traditional actions performed for the removal of the clitoris and inner lips; labia minora as well as part of the outer lips; labia majora. The research has addressed the effects of this action on women in Ejagham community of the Southwest region of Cameroon. The study focuses on effects revealed during the research, including voices of the women who had undergone FGM/C, excisors recount, violence against women physical, psychological, social, and sexual effects.

     In traditional African societies, cultural values should be upheld with dignity to humankind. Our traditional practices too, need to give honour to our bodies. Therefore, opinions from different groups within the Ejagham community are revealed in the discussion. More so, the study also found out that FGM/C was a practice performed on the girls and women on the cultural and traditional beliefs that the process signifies a rite of passage from girl to womanhood.  The process caused pain and violated the right of the young girls. The findings revealed that there are divided opinions on FGM/C within the community. Custodians of the Ejagham tradition that are in favour of the practice are conflicting with those who are against the practice on medical and human right justifications.  These different platforms play a prominent role in the various perceptions held by the people. A significant segment of the Ejagham community, together with some representatives of the international community, NGOs and the government of Cameroon are involved in efforts to bring about change in the community by eliminating the tradition through community-based awareness programs. These programs that are accessible by everybody has empowered people in the community with knowledge on the subject and provided the necessary resources that will help in eliminating the practice. The efforts have initiated a changing climate in the community; however, this does not yet mean that the tradition has been abolished.

    The paper shall also discuss the traditional and cultural reasons for the practice of FGM in Cameroon. The author will state International instruments, Conventions, the National laws, Action plan that is to eliminate or lead to the abandonment of FGM practices in Cameroon.  The paper will conclude with suitable suggestions to eradicate the practice of FGM/C, which is against Human Rights. Keywords: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting, Human Rights, Ejagham, Community, Cameroon  

  • 50.
    Beal, Eva
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    "L'eau c'est la vie": Seeking Sustainable Water Access and Community Participation in Rural Cameroon2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the rural water scheme projects across sub-Saharan Africa, the participatory Community Based Management model has become the norm. Through initial financing by oustide funders, the goal is for communities to independently take on the financing of the operation and maintenance (O&M) of the improved water schemes, thereby ensuring sustainability and functionality of the pumps. Evidence has been gathering, however that this model, combining ideals of collective action with the logics of commodification, has been frequently failing, one in three hand pumps in Africa are out of function, and communities struggle to meet the financing needs of O&M in infrastructures which perpetuate isolation. This, however, does not lie fully in the fault of the communities, or implementation, but also in theoretical downfalls of the CBM. Looking at a community-based rural project in the Tikar region of Central Cameroon as well, this research reveals the limits of CBM to achieving sustainable water access, as well as reveal new angles and paradigms to pursue.

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