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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Stephanie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hermansson, Matilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Vilka faktorer upplevs som begränsande för unga kvinnors sexualitet utifrån ett genuspsykologiskt perspektiv?: En studie med tio intervjuer av kvinnor i åldrarna 25-30 år2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka om och i sådana fall vilka faktorer som unga heterosexuella kvinnor upplevde som begränsande för sin sexualitet. Med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer undersöktes i denna kvalitativa studie hur dessa deltagare upplevde sin sexualitet utifrån tre huvudområden; sociala strukturer, normer samt psykisk hälsa. Teorin “sexual scripting theory” applicerades på de tre huvudområdena, då paralleller drogs mellan dessa och teorins tre huvudbegrepp “cultural scripts”, “interpersonal scripts” och “intrapsychic scripts”. Resultatet av denna studie visade att patriarkala strukturer, samhällsideal, jämförelser med andra, förväntningar och föreställningar om kvinnans utseende samt beteende var hämmande för deltagarnas sexualitet. Resultatet visade även att det fanns tydliga samband mellan sexualiteten och den psykiska hälsan. Negativa sexuella erfarenheter upplevdes påverka deltagarnas psykiska hälsa och blev hämmande för framtida sexuella upplevelser. Många begränsande faktorer identifierades utifrån resultatet i denna studie och en inblick i deltagarnas förhållande till sin sexualitet utforskades. 

  • 2.
    Agerström, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Why does height matter in hiring?2014In: Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics, ISSN 2214-8043, E-ISSN 2214-8051, Vol. 52, p. 35-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows the existence of a height premium in the workplace with tall individuals receiving more benefits across several domains (e.g., earnings) relative to short people. The current study probes deeper into the height premium by focusing on the specific favorable traits, attributes, and abilities tall individuals are presumed to have, ultimately giving these individuals an advantage in hiring. In an experiment, we made a male job applicant taller or shorter by digitally manipulating photographs, and attached these to job applications that were evaluated by professional recruiters. We find that in the context of hiring a project leader, the height premium consists of increased perceptions of the candidate's general competence, specific job competency (including employability), and physical health, whereas warmth and physical attractiveness seem to matter less. Interestingly, physical height predicted recruiters' hiring intentions even when statistically controlling for competence, warmth, health, and attractiveness.

  • 3.
    Agerström, Jens
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Björklund, Fredrik
    Temporal construal and moral motivation2013In: Handbook of Moral Motivation: Theories, Models, Applications / [ed] K. Heinrichs, F. Oser & T Lovat, Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 2013, p. 181-196Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Agerström, Jens
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Björklund, Fredrik
    Why people with an eye toward the future are more moral: The role of abstract thinking2013In: Basic and Applied Social Psychology, ISSN 0197-3533, E-ISSN 1532-4834, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 373-381Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Why do future-oriented people show greater moral concern than present-oriented people? Consistent with construal level theory (CLT; Trope & Liberman, 2003), we find that future-oriented people construe morally relevant actions at a higher level of abstraction, which clarifies their larger implications. Moreover, we show that level of construal partially explains the relationship between individual differences in temporal orientation and moral judgments. These findings support CLT and contribute to our understanding of moral psychology, as they are the first to show how individual differences pertaining to psychological distance relate to abstract thinking and moral judgments.

  • 5.
    Agerström, Jens
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Björklund, Fredrik
    Lunds universitet.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    Lunds universitet.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Warm and Competent Hassan = Cold and Incompetent Eric: A harsh equation of real-life hiring discrimination2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Agerström, Jens
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Why does height matter in hiring?2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Although previous research has established that physical height matters in hiring contexts, it is less clear through which channels height exerts its effect. The current research examines several potential components of the height premium: warmth, competence, job competency for a leadership position, physical health, and attractiveness. We made target individuals taller or shorter by digitally manipulating photographs, and attached these to job applications that were evaluated by real recruiters. The results show that in the context of hiring a project leader, the height premium consists of increased perceptions of the candidate's general competence, job competency, and health, whereas warmth and attractiveness seem to matter less.

  • 7.
    Agerström, Jens
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nicklasson, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Guntell, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Descriptive social norms and charitable giving: the power of local norms2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    By conducting a field experiment, we examined whether conveying descriptive social norms (e.g., “this is what most people do”) leads to more charitable giving compared to industry standard appeals. Moreover, we examined whether people are more likely to conform to the local norms of one’s immediate environment than to more global norms extending beyond one’s local environment. University students received a charity organization’s information brochure and were asked for a monetary contribution. An experimental descriptive norm manipulation was embedded in the brochure. We found that providing people with descriptive norms increased charitable giving substantially compared with industry standard altruistic appeals (control condition). Moreover, conveying local norms were more effective in increasing charitable giving than conveying global norms. Practical implications for charity organizations and marketing are proposed.

  • 8.
    Agerström, Jens
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nicklasson, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Guntell, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Using descriptive social norms to increase charitable giving: The power of local norms2016In: Journal of Economic Psychology, ISSN 0167-4870, E-ISSN 1872-7719, Vol. 52, p. 147-153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a field experiment, we examined whether conveying descriptive social norms (e.g., "this is what most people do") increases charitable giving. Additionally, we examined whether people are more likely to conform to the local norms of one's immediate environment than to more global norms extending beyond one's local environment. University students received a charity organization's information brochure and were asked for a monetary contribution. An experimentaldescriptive norm manipulation was embedded in the brochure. We found that providing people with descriptive norms increased charitable giving substantially compared with industry standard altruistic appeals (control condition). Moreover, conveying local norms were more effective in increasing charitable givingthan conveying global norms. Practical implications for charity organizations and marketing are proposed.

  • 9.
    Agerström, Jens
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Gunnarsson, Helena E. M.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stening, Kent
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Does physical pain impair abstract thinking?2017In: Journal of Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 2044-5911, E-ISSN 2044-592X, Vol. 29, no 6, p. 748-754Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ability to think abstractly constitutes a fundamental dimension of human cognition. Although abstraction has been extensively studied, its emotional and affective antecedents have been largely overlooked. One experiment was conducted to examine whether physical pain affects abstraction. Drawing on Construal Level Theory [Trope, Y., & Liberman, N. (2010). Construal-level theory of psychological distance. Psychological Review117, 440–463] and Loewenstein’s [(1996). Out of control: Visceral influences on behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes65, 272–292] visceral factors theory, we hypothesised that pain impairs abstraction because pain constricts people’s mental horizons and lead to a concrete, inward-focus toward oneself in the here and now. Physical pain was manipulated between subjects (N = 150). The participants either kept their left hand immersed in cold (painful) water or neutral (painless) water while we measured abstract versus concrete behaviour identification, categorisation, and perceptual processing. Bayesian statistical analyses indicate substantial evidence against the hypothesis that pain impairs abstraction. In contrast to many other previously studied cognitive outcomes (e.g. attention), abstraction appears to be largely immune to acute, experimentally induced pain.

  • 10.
    Agerström, Jens
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stening, Kent
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Axman, Olof
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Pain here and now: physical pain impairs transcendence of psychological distance2019In: Journal of Pain Research, ISSN 1178-7090, E-ISSN 1178-7090, Vol. 12, p. 961-968Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The ability to traverse psychological distance by going beyond the experienced reality of the self, here and now, is fundamental for effective human functioning. Yet, little is known about how physical pain affects transcendence of psychological distance. Using a construal level theory framework of psychological distance, the current research examines the hypothesis that pain impairs people's ability to traverse any kind of psychological distance whether it be temporal, social, and spatial distance, or the hypothetical. Methods: Using the cold pressor test, 151 participants participated in an experiment where they were either induced with acute pain (treatment group) or no pain (control group) while completing a battery of questions measuring to what extent their current thoughts were transcending psychological distance. Results: The results were largely consistent with the hypothesis. Relative to the control group, pain induced participants showed significantly less transcendence of past temporal distance, social distance, spatial distance, and the hypothetical. Furthermore, greater self-reported pain intensity was significantly associated with less transcendence of temporal (past and future), social, and spatial distance. Conclusion: Physical pain impairs the ability to traverse psychological distance. The research has practical implications for the pain clinic and for pain-afflicted individuals in everyday life.

  • 11.
    Ahlström, Salina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Anställningsformer och upplevd stress: Påverkar individers anställningsvillkor deras upplevda stressnivå?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om det finns ett samband mellan upplevd stress och anställningsform. Studien presenterade tre hypoteser: 1) Individer med fast anställning upplever mindre stress än individer med andra anställningsformer, 2) Anställningsform/anställningsvillkor påverkar upplevd stress i skalan PSS-14, 3) Kön, ålder, utbildning, arbetstid och familjesituation påverkar upplevd stress av arbetsförhållanden enligt stressskalan PSS-14. Studien genomfördes med hjälp av en kvantitativt enkätundersökning som distributerades online med stresskalan PSS-14 som underlag. Totalt besvarade 157 personer enkäten om stress och arbete, 122 deltagare angav att de var kvinnor och 34 män. T-test för oberoende variabler genomfördes. T-testen visade att det inte fanns signifikanta skillnader mellan anställningsform, ålders, civilstånd, kön eller arbetstid.

  • 12.
    Ajdahi, Sami
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hansson, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stolthet-statusmodellen och attityder till utbildning: En kvantitativ studie om hur gymnasielevers upplevelser av stolthet och social status korrelerar med deras attityder till utbildning2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 300 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research by Cheng, Tracy and Henrich (2010) has identified relationships betweentwo facets of pride and two different strategies to attain social status. These relationships havebeen conceptualized to a pride-status model. The model has been tested on an Americanpopulation and only in one study has it been tested in a Swedish context. Moreover, there areno previous studies on the possible relationship between the pride-status model and positiveattitudes towards post-secondary education. Therefore, the purposes of this study were toinvestigate if the pride-status model is valid on a Swedish population and investigate how thedifferent status strategies and facets of pride relate to positive attitudes towards post-secondary education. In order to examine this, a convenience sample consisting of 609students in high school preparing for post-secondary education rated subjective experiences offacets of pride, social status strategies and attitudes towards post-secondary education. Thestudents’ ratings were correlated with each other and the difference between the correlationswas examined. The findings show that the pride-status model is partly valid on a Swedishpopulation and that the status strategies correlated significantly with positive attitudes towardspost-secondary education. The facets of pride were significantly correlated with positiveattitudes towards post-secondary education to some extent. Possible explanations of thefindings are discussed together with a methodology discussion and proposals for futureresearch within the area of the pride-status model and attitudes towards education.

  • 13.
    Al-Dury, Nooraldeen
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rawshani, Araz
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Israelsson, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy. Kalmar County Hospital, Sweden;Linköping university, Sweden.
    Strömsöe, Anneli
    School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Västerås, Sweden.
    Aune, Solveig
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Agerström, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Karlsson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ravn-Fischer, Annica
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden;Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden;Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden;University of Borås, Sweden.
    Characteristics and outcome among 14,933 adult cases of in-hospital cardiac arrest: A nationwide study with the emphasis on gender and age.2017In: American Journal of Emergency Medicine, ISSN 0735-6757, E-ISSN 1532-8171, Vol. 35, no 12, p. 1839-1844Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: To investigate characteristics and outcome among patients suffering in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) with the emphasis on gender and age.

    METHODS: Using the Swedish Register of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, we analyzed associations between gender, age and co-morbidities, etiology, management, 30-day survival and cerebral function among survivors in 14,933 cases of IHCA. Age was divided into three ordered categories: young (18-49years), middle-aged (50-64years) and older (65years and above). Comparisons between men and women were age adjusted.

    RESULTS: The mean age was 72.7years and women were significantly older than men. Renal dysfunction was the most prevalent co-morbidity. Myocardial infarction/ischemia was the most common condition preceding IHCA, with men having 27% higher odds of having MI as the underlying etiology. A shockable rhythm was found in 31.8% of patients, with men having 52% higher odds of being found in VT/VF. After adjusting for various confounders, it was found that men had a 10% lower chance than women of surviving to 30days. Older individuals were managed less aggressively than younger patients. Increasing age was associated with lower 30-day survival but not with poorer cerebral function among survivors.

    CONCLUSION: When adjusting for various confounders, it was found that men had a 10% lower chance than women of surviving to 30days after in-hospital cardiac arrest. Older individuals were managed less aggressively than younger patients, despite a lower chance of survival. Higher age was, however, not associated with poorer cerebral function among survivors.

  • 14.
    Alexandersson, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stress inom Räddningstjänsten: En studie om samband mellan krav, kontroll, socialt stöd och brandmäns upplevda stressnivå.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fire and rescue services have an important function in society and aims to deliver effective emergency response to the public's benefit. Meanwhile, the firefighting profession a high-risk profession where firefighters are exposed to diseases caused by the physical environment as various forms of cancers. They are also exposed to organizational health risks like negative stress, which is the focus of this paper. The aim of the thesis was to make clear whether there is a relationship between psychosocial work environment and perceived stress among firefighters. The issue was whether the levels of demands, control and social support can predict firemens perceived stress level? A total of 67 firefighters from two different cities in southern Sweden participated. The independent variables were demands, control and social support, measured with Swedish Demand Control Support Questionnaire. Stress was measured with the Swedish version of the Perceived Stress Scale. Demand and social support were significant predictors. Demand had a positive relationship with stress and social support was negative associated with stress. Control could not predict stress. This result is consistent to some extent with previous research.

  • 15.
    Alic, Mona
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hur individen upplever sig själv efter att ha varit sjukskriven på grund av stress2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur individen upplever sig själv efter att ha varit sjukskriven på grund av stress. Detta undersöktes genom intervjuer med fyra deltagare och det transkriberade materialet analyserades med tematisk analys (TA). Det resulterade i fyra huvudteman som var: Otydliga gränser; Bilden utåt; Blicken inåt; Inre ledarskap. Resultatet visade att deltagarna upplevde en förändring hos sig själva efter senaste sjukskrivningen. Genom reflektion utvecklade de sin medvetenhet om vem de är som personer och vilka behov de har och då tydliggjordes även gränserna för hur höga krav de kunde ställa på sig själva. De upptäckte även var gränsen gick för deras egen kapacitet och behovet av återhämtning samt att självkontrollen ökade när de tillät sig visa sårbarhet. Resultatet bekräftar tidigare forskning om att individen kan bli starkare av motgångar och att samtal och reflektion hjälper individen att utvecklas.   

  • 16.
    Alic, Sabina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sundberg, Erika
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Föräldrastress bland universitetsstuderande föräldrar: En jämförelse mellan mödrar och fäder2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 17.
    Alijagic, Arnel
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nessler, Nina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Gymnasielärares upplevelse av arbetsrelaterad stress: En kvalitativ studie i hur gymnasielärare upplever arbetsrelaterad stress och hur den stress hanteras2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolan utgör en av samhällets största arbetsplatser och är en organisation under ständig förändring. Läroplaner speglar samhällets utveckling och därmed ställs krav på fortlöpande uppdatering av kursplaner och pedagogiska tillvägagångssätt. Trots behov av ständig utveckling är skolan ett av samhällets störst drabbade område gällande nedskärningar.

    Föreliggande studie avsåg att genom kvalitativ metod och semistrukturerad intervju undersöka gymnasielärares upplevelse av arbetsrelaterad stress och hur den arbetsrelaterade stressen hanterades.

    Föreliggande studie visade på tre huvudresultat. Ett resultat visade att lärare hade en upplevd ökad arbetsbelastning där ansvaret och arbetsuppgifterna ökat och där stor tidsbrist rådde gällande planering och uppföljning. Studien visade även att flertalet av lärarna upplevde, eller har upplevt både fysiologiska och psykiska stressreaktioner av olika slag som resultat av arbetsrelaterade stress. Slutligen visade studien att flera utav de deltagande lärarna använde sig av aktiva copingstrategier både i form av problemfokuserad- och känslofokuserad coping för att hantera yrkets arbetsrelaterade stress.

  • 18.
    Almqvist, Kjerstin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Anderzén-Carlsson, Agneta
    Norlén, Anna
    Pernebo, Karin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Region Kronoberg, Sweden.
    Massoudi, Pamela
    Region Kronoberg, Sweden.
    iRiSk II: Utveckling av bedömningsinstrument och stödinsatser för våldsutsatta barn - rapport fråm två delprojekt2018Report (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Alriksson, Stina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    Henningsson, Marianne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Why Aren't Advanced High–Strength Steels More Widely Used?: Stakeholder Preferences and Perceived Barriers to New Materials2015In: Journal of Industrial Ecology, ISSN 1088-1980, E-ISSN 1530-9290, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 645-655Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Advanced high-strength steels may reduce the use of nonrenewable resources and energy given that the amount of material needed is smaller, compared to traditional steel grades. Still, advanced steel grades are not utilized to the extent that could be expected. This study examines stakeholders’ preferences of steel characteristics and perceived barriers to the introduction of new materials. Focus group interviews were used to identify steel characteristics and perceived barriers. Stakeholder preferences of steel characteristics were evaluated through a conjoint analysis; the results showed that low weight was given the highest priority, followed by high impact strength and low price. Low chromium content was the steel characteristic of least interest. Perceived barriers to the introduction of high-strength steel were categorized as technical barriers, knowledge barriers, scrap management barriers, suitability barriers, and cost barriers.

  • 20.
    Amarasinghe, Jayathu
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Saying Hejsan or Suffering in Silence?: What experiences do International Students have of mental health issues while studying in Sweden?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine international students’ experiences of mental health issues during their studies in Sweden. These experiences are seldom represented in academic literature, and thus this paper aims to recount international students’ experiences of mental health issues, the methods in which they handle those issues and the role that Swedish culture, people and institutions have played in those experiences. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews with international students currently enrolled at the Linnaeus University in Växjö, Sweden – and subsequently analyzed through inductive thematic analysis. The results were summarized in four main themes; Acculturation, Mental Health, Under-utilization of Healthcare Facilities and Loneliness. The study concludes that international students may suffer from mental health issues that go undetected by university officials and mental health resources, and that universities may benefit from investing in programs to identify and offer support towards students in general, and international students in particular.

  • 21.
    Anderson, Jennifer
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sahlberg, Helena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Den emotionella intelligensens betydelse för konflikthantering hos studenter2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between emotional intelligence and conflict management is an area, which is relatively poorly researched especially in a university environment. In the present study, the effect of level of emotional intelligence on preference for varying styles of conflict management is investigated. The research instruments “The Assessing Emotion Scale” and “The Dutch Test for Conflict Handling” were given to 100 students in order to assess level of emotional intelligence and preference for conflict management style. Results indicated that neither level of emotional intelligence nor conflict management styles were statistically significantly influenced by gender. A strong association between “Problemsolving” and “Compromising” to level of emotional intelligence was seen in women. In men, this association was not seen. The results of this study indicate that styles to resolve conflict were not directly gender related, but rather related to the qualities shown by each individual. Additionally, individuals with a higher level of emotional intelligence preferred “Problemsolving” and “Compromising” in conflict management.

  • 22.
    Andersson Arntén, Ann-Christine
    et al.
    National Police Board.
    Algafoor, Nabeel Abd
    University of Mustansiryah, Irak.
    Al Nima, Ali
    Network for Empowerment and Well-Being.
    Schütz, Erica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Network for Empowerment and Well-Being ; University of Gothenburg.
    Archer, Trevor
    Network for Empowerment and Well-Being ; University of Gothenburg.
    Garcia, Danilo
    Network for Empowerment and Well-Being ; University of Gothenburg.
    Police Personnel Affective Profiles: Differences in Perceptions of the Work Climate and Motivation2016In: Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, ISSN 0882-0783, E-ISSN 1936-6469, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 2-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The affective profile model was used to investigate individual differences in police personnel perceptions about the working climate and its influences on motivation. The Positive Affect, Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) was used to assign police personnel, sworn and non-sworn (N = 595), to four affective profiles: self-fulfilling, low affective, high affective, and self-destructive. The work climate was assessed using the Learning Climate Questionnaire (Management Relations and Style, Time, Autonomy and Responsibility, Team Style, Opportunities to Develop, Guidelines on How to do the Job, and Contentedness). Motivation was evaluated using a modified version (to refer specifically to the individual’s work situation) of the Situational Motivation Scale (intrinsic motivation, external regulation, identified regulation, and amotivation). Self-fulfilling individuals scored higher on all work climate dimensions compared to the other three groups. Compared to low positive affect profiles, individuals with profiles of high positive affect scored higher in intrinsic motivation and identified regulation. Self-destructive individuals scored higher in amotivation. Different aspects of the work climate were related to each motivation dimension among affective profiles. Police personnel may react to their work environment depending on their affective profile. Moreover, the extent to which the work influences police personnel’s motivation is also related to the affective profile of the individual. © 2015, The Author(s).

  • 23.
    Andersson, Evelyn
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm Countty Council, Sweden.
    Crowley, James J.
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Univ N Carolina, USA;Univ N Carolina, USA.
    Lindefors, Nils
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    Ljotsson, Brjann
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Hedman-Lagerlöf, Erik
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Boberg, Julia
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    El Alaoui, Samir
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Robert
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Lu, Yi
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Mattheisen, Manuel
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm County Council, Sweden;Aarhus Univ, Denmark.
    Kahler, Anna K.
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Svanborg, Cecilia
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    Mataix-Cols, David
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    Mattsson, Simon
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    Forsell, Erik
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    Kaldo, Viktor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    Schalling, Martin
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Lavebratt, Catharina
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Karolinska University Hosp, Sweden.
    Sullivan, Patrick F.
    Univ N Carolina, USA;Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Ruck, Christian
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
    Genetics of response to cognitive behavior therapy in adults with major depression: a preliminary report2019In: Molecular Psychiatry, ISSN 1359-4184, E-ISSN 1476-5578, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 484-490Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Major depressive disorder is heritable and a leading cause of disability. Cognitive behavior therapy is an effective treatment for major depression. By quantifying genetic risk scores based on common genetic variants, the aim of this report was to explore the utility of psychiatric and cognitive trait genetic risk scores, for predicting the response of 894 adults with major depressive disorder to cognitive behavior therapy. The participants were recruited in a psychiatric setting, and the primary outcome score was measured using the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale-Self Rated. Single-nucleotide polymorphism genotyping arrays were used to calculate the genomic risk scores based on large genetic studies of six phenotypes: major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, intelligence, and educational attainment. Linear mixed-effect models were used to test the relationships between the six genetic risk scores and cognitive behavior therapy outcome. Our analyses yielded one significant interaction effect (B = 0.09, p < 0.001): the autism spectrum disorder genetic risk score correlated with Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale-Self Rated changes during treatment, and the higher the autism spectrum disorder genetic load, the less the depressive symptoms decreased over time. The genetic risk scores for the other psychiatric and cognitive traits were not related to depressive symptom severity or change over time. Our preliminary results indicated, as expected, that the genomics of the response of patients with major depression to cognitive behavior therapy were complex and that future efforts should aim to maximize sample size and limit subject heterogeneity in order to gain a better understanding of the use of genetic risk factors to predict treatment outcome.

  • 24.
    Andersson, Gabriel
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Engstrand, Jepser
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Undervisningsämne, har det en avgörande roll för lärarens stressnivå?: En kvantitativ studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna undersökning var att studera ifall det fanns någon skillnad i stressnivå mellan lärare i olika undervisningsämnen. Tidigare forskning visar att lärare i olika ämnen lägger ner olika mycket tid i undervisningsprocessen (planering, undervisning, dokumentation och bedömning/återkoppling). De lärare som undervisar i praktiska ämnen lägger ner 4% mindre tid på undervisningsprocessen i jämförelse med ämneskategori 5 (kategoriöverskridande ämneskombinationer). Studien involverar 139 grundskolelärare från södra Sverige som fick besvara frågeformuläret. Resultatet i studien visar på att det inte finns någon signifikant skillnad i stressnivå hos lärare beroende på undervisningsämne. Slutsatsen är således att ingen hänsyn behöver tas till undervisningsämne för att minska stressnivåerna inom skolan. 

  • 25.
    Andersson, Linda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Björklund Johansson, Åsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Psykisk hälsa och LCHF: Kvantitativ enkätundersökning av psykiskt välbefinnande och psykiskt hälsotillstånd i en grupp som äter LCHF.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate mental health and mental

    well-being in a group eating LCHF (Low Carb High Fat). In the study, 246

    people recruited from interest groups about LCHF on Facebook

    participated. The participants were divided into two groups by how strictly

    and how long they had eaten LCHF. The study was conducted as a

    questionnaire survey. Mental well-being and impaired mental well-being

    were investigated with GHQ-12. Mental health status was investigated with

    self-assessed retrospective pre- and post-measurement. The results of

    impaired mental well-being were compared with the The Public Health

    Agency of Swedens national population value.

    The results showed that both LCHF groups estimated their mental

    health status significantly better after LCHF diet than before. The entire

    LCHF group estimated its impaired mental well-being significantly better

    than the Swedish population. The results indicate that LCHF diet has a

    positive impact on mental health and well-being.

  • 26.
    Andersson, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Varför är du lärare?: En kvalitativ studie rörande yrkesverksamma lärares motivation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27.
    Andersson, Petra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Upplevda erfarenheter i barndomen och eget föräldraskap utifrån anknytningsteorin2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ericson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Herbert, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Beyond retirement: who stays at work after the standard age of retirement?2019In: International journal of manpower, ISSN 0143-7720, E-ISSN 1758-6577, Vol. 40, no 5, p. 917-938Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose Drawing on a unique combination of longitudinal administrative data and a postal survey, the purpose of this paper is to identify the socio-economic factors and individual characteristics that affect senior citizens' decision to continue working on the Swedish labour market after the standard retirement age. Design/methodology/approach By using standard econometric techniques (multinomial logit model) on a large representative sample of 20,000 senior citizens residing in Sweden, the auhtors analyse the extent to which socio-economic factors and individual characteristics including personality traits affect the decision of senior citizens to delay retirement and to continue working after the standard retirement age. Findings The results of our estimations show clearly that good health, high educational attainment/high-skilled jobs, good psychosocial work environment, employment status (to be self-employed), personality traits (extraversion, openness to experience and conscientiousness) as well as industrial sectors (agriculture, healthcare and transport) are strong predictors of the continuation of work after the standard retirement age (65 years old). Originality/value To the best of the authors' knowledge, the paper is the first attempt in Sweden to analyse jointly a large range of factors influencing the decision to remain in the labour force after the standard/normal pension age, including psychosocial working conditions and personality traits.

  • 29.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ericson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Herbert, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Därför vill 40-talisterna jobba efter 652017In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 45, no 5, p. 45-58Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens generation av svenskar i åldersgruppen 65–74 år har en högre sysselsättningsgrad än tidigare generationer. I den här artikeln analyseras seniorernas motiv till att fortsätta att arbeta och varför andra går i pension, med fokus på vilka socioekonomiska faktorer som påverkar beslutet att fortsätta arbeta efter 65. Vi undersöker även om det finns vissa personlighets- och karaktärsdrag som utmärker de arbetande seniorerna, samt om det finns ett samband mellan arbete efter 65 och den allmänna tillfredsställelsen med livet.

  • 30.
    Anxo, Dominique
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ericson, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Herbert, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Rönnmar, Mia
    Lund University.
    To stay or not to stay. That is the question: beyond retirement: Stayers on the labour market2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The research project addresses three main questions: Who are the persons that continue to work after “normal” retirement age? What are their motivations? What are the consequences for the individual and for society? To answer these questions we perform an analysis of external and internal factors affecting the choice to stay after 65 years on the labour market or to leave earlier. Among external factors we investigate are: The impact of the prevailing labour laws and regulations on senior citizens’ participation on the labour market ; The socio-economic factors that affect the likelihood to stay on the labour market after the age of 65 ; The impact of employers’ human resource strategies on the possibility for senior workers to remain on the labour market after the age of 65 years. We also analyse the the role of individ specific factors such as motivation and , personal traits but the outcome in terms of subjective well-being and health. 

  • 31.
    Appelros, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Rosander, Jennifer
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kvinnors upplevelser av vänskapsrelationer: En kvalitativ studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka kvinnors upplevelser av vänskapsrelationer. Detta undersöktes genom semi-strukturerade intervjuer med sju kvinnor i åldrarna 22-33 år. Data analyserades med Burnards (1991) 14-stegs process då kategorier och teman utformades. Resultatet gav tre teman som döptes till: fristad, utbyte och vänskapsförbindelse. Dessa teman utgjordes av åtta kategorier och 22 underkategorier. Upplevelserna av vänskapsrelationer inkluderade bland annat förståelse, stöd, ärlighet, acceptans och likhet. Resultatet belyser både positiva och negativa aspekter då vänskapsrelationer å ena sidan kunde upplevas som gynnsamma och ömsesidiga men å andra sidan även krävande och ensidiga. En vän var en källa till stöd i svårare tider men även någon att dela glädje och skratt med. Vänskapsrelationer fyllde olika behov såsom gemenskap och tilhörighet, och ansågs vara en frivillig förbindelse mellan parterna där känslan av att kunna vara sig själv, att få bekräftelse, och att vara öppna mot varandra anses önskvärda.

  • 32.
    Areskoug, Henrik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Olofsson, Lina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sociala Mediers skeva bild av verkligheten och dess konsekvenser.: En korrelationsstudie mellan gymnasieelevers användande av Sociala Medier, Social jämförelse och Självkänsla2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between Social Media use, Self-esteem and Social Comparison. Questionnaires were distributed to 127 pupils at a school in southern Sweden. Students were asked to answer questions about the use of social media and assess their self-esteem based on Rosenberg self-esteem scale and their perceived level of social comparison that was based on a shortened version (Schneider & Schupp, 2013) of the Iowa-Netherlands Comparison Orientation Measure (Buunk & Gibbons, 1999 ). The results showed significant relationships, and also gender differences in the use of social media, social comparison and self-esteem. The study showed that students who spent more time on social media and had greater social comparison tended to have lower self-esteem. Women also tended to spend more time on social media, have greater social comparison and lower levels of self-esteem than men. The study confirmed Findahl och Davidsson (2015), showing that social media is increasing, but that the activity decreases. Students tended to only post positive events or images on Selfies and friends as well as images edited. This could contribute to a serious distortion that can lead to negative effects (such as lower self-esteem). Given the results, we propose that future studies focus on in-depth research about social media impact on our wellbeing and how modern social comparison works.

  • 33.
    Arnholm, Petra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stress hos föräldrar till barn med särskilda behov: En enkätstudie av upplevd stress2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 34.
    Axbrink, Peter
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lindén, Jon
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Personlighet och åldrande: Stabilitet och förändring under en 12-årsperiod2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Personality is by definition relatively stable patterns of thoughts, feelings and behaviour but there is also clear evidence that personality can change during the entire life span. Exactly how stable personality is and what kind of changes occur in the elderly, however, is not clear. The maturity principle states that change in personality traits with increased age reflects a functional maturity. Recently it has been proposed that such maturation of personality among the oldest individuals is different from the changes that happen in young adults and in middle age. The current study had two purposes. The first was to examine the rank-order stability of personality in the elderly and the second was to examine mean level change in personality based on the maturity principle. A longitudinal design was used in a sample of 341 individuals between the ages of 60-78 at baseline, over a time period of 12 years. Personality was measured using the five-factor model (The Big Five). The results showed that: (1) the rank-order stability was moderate to high in all five personality traits, (2) Conscientiousness and Extraversion decreased in the entire sample while Agreeableness and Openness decreased only in the younger participants, (3) Neuroticism showed a non-significant trend of increasing in the oldest participants. The results of the thesis support the notion that personality is relatively stable even among the elderly. The changes in personality that do occur seem to deviate from the trends that have been established in young adulthood and middle age and thereby reflect a different maturation. 

  • 35.
    Axeborg, David
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Back, Simon
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lidén, Roger
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sambandsstudie mellan studenters alkoholvanor och personlighet: En studie om universitetsstudenters alkoholvanor och personlighetsdrag utifrån femfaktormodellen2015Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine associations between alcohol consumption and the personality dimensions specified in the Five factor theory as well as between the variables sex, age, civil status and number of children. Furthermore was an aim to examine if these variables could predict alcohol consumption. The participants (N=140) were students from a midsized university in southern Sweden. Correlation analysis demonstrated a connection between alcohol consumption, extraversion, agreeableness, sex, civil status, and the number of children the participants had. The connection between agreeableness and alcohol consumption as well as between alcohol consumption and civil status disappeared in the follow up multiple regression analysis.

  • 36.
    Axelsson, Joanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lärares upplevelser av att arbeta med barn inom autismspektrumtillståndet i grundskolan: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie är att studera lärares upplevelser av att arbeta med barn inom autismspektrumtillståndet i grundskolan, och därav intervjuades åtta grundskollärare. Data analyserades med hjälp av tematisk innehållsanalys. Följande teman Påverkan, Första mötet i karriären samt Socialt för barnet blev funna ur dataanalysen. Resultatet indikerar att majoriteten av lärarna kände sig oförberedda när de för första gången skulle möta ett autistiskt barn men efter detta första möte kände flertalet sig mer förberedda. Lärare påverkas både positivt och negativt av att undervisa ett autistiskt barn och lärare måste anpassa sig själva, sitt material, sin undervisning och sitt klassrum utefter det autistiska barnet. Stödet från skolan och lärarnas egna utbildningar upplevdes av majoriteten av lärarna som bristfällig. Läraren arbetar aktivt för att inkludera det autistiska barnet i klassen men de övriga eleverna påverkas både positivt och negativt av det autistiska barnets beteende. Resultatet diskuteras utifrån tidigare forskning vilket är i stor grad överensstämmande med föreliggande studie, exempelvis då en samstämmighet mellan vikten av att ha ett bra samarbete med föräldrarna till barnet återfanns både i den föreliggande studien och i föregående.

  • 37.
    Axman, Olof
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lazarov, Sasa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Attraktivitet och moral: Ett experiment om hur attraktivitet påverkar graden av moralisk förkastlighet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to determine whether the attractiveness of a person can influence the degree of how morally reprehensible an act performed by the person assessed and whether there is any gender difference. In an experiment, 151 students at a medium-sized university in southern Sweden participated. The participants were assigned a fictitious moral scenario with an attached photo of either an unattractive or attractive person. A control group were assigned the same scenario but with no photo. Subsequently, participants were asked how morally reprehensible they experienced the act described in the scenario and how attractive they thought the person on the photo to be. No significant difference in moral reprehensibility emerged between attractive and unattractive photo nor a gender difference. The result is likely influenced by the "criminal face effect," the effect described by Dumas & Teste (2012). If a morally dubious act is performed and the offender meets a stereotypical image of a possible estimator of how someone performs the action looks offender will be sentenced more severely than if the stereotype is not met.

  • 38.
    Aykut, Hümeyra Minel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The Relationship Between Theory X/Y Management Styles and Job Satisfaction: Moderation Roles of Self-Efficacy and Gender2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study focused on the relationship between management styles and job satisfaction

    of employees in the organization. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship

    between management style, using Theory X and Y management style and job satisfaction as

    moderated by employees’ self-efficacy and gender. The study involved N = 137 participants

    from two different Swedish organizations in the engineering and manufacturing sector based

    in Stockholm and Växjö, Sweden. The data was collected through surveys from each

    participant. Study findings showed that there was a positive correlation between self-efficacy

    and job satisfaction. Additionally, results revealed that the relationship between theory X and

    Y and job satisfaction is not moderated by either self-efficacy and gender. Based on the study,

    it was observed that job satisfaction is greatly impacted by management styles which are

    oriented more towards theory Y than theory X in the relationship between management and

    employees in organizations in Sweden. Thus, the study highlights the importance of

    employee-oriented leadership style for the organizations and how this influences job

    satisfaction of employees.

  • 39.
    Bajrami, Bledar
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hallberg, Simon
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Verksamma lärare och yrkesmotivation: En kvalitativ studie om vad lärare upplever som motiverande till att stanna kvar i yrket2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate what is perceived as motivating for teachers to stay in the profession. This has been investigated with the help of a qualitative method in which semi-structured interviews have been used. In the study, eight high school teachers from southern Sweden participated and all shared their own experiences about what motivates them in the profession. According to previous research, three main categories of motivation have been identified, such as external, internal and altruistic motivation. These in turn includes relationships, own development and helping others. The eight interviews that have been conducted have also been transcribed and carefully analyzed in the form of coding and interpretation of text. Thus to strive for high validity and to maintain the confidentiality of the study. With the help of Burnards (1991) thematic analysis method the study results have been analyzes. The result of the study is on one hand that the relationships with the colleagues and students as well as helping others were perceived as primary motivations. On the other that the result included all three motivations in the profession, such as colleagues, work environment, interest in the subject and student development. Furthermore, the result may be helpful for schools in Sweden to increase the motivation of teachers, which can increase the chances of their retention in the profession.

  • 40.
    Bakardjiev, Victor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Talent Management at Daimler Financial Services: An investigation into the determinants of human resource development effectiveness in a specific organizational context2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the concept was popularized by McKinsey & Company in the late 1990s, talent management initiatives have been pushed with urgency to the forefront of organizational priorities, and businesses have exerted considerable effort in locating and developing the upper echelon talent pools. Much emphasis has been put on the need to identify and attract top talent, focus has shifted away from developing ordinary talent into extra-ordinary talent through broad human resource development initiatives. This research examines a global training initiative implemented in a multi-national corporation, and sets out to identify the primary impediments to its effectiveness. After a literature review, and a focus group, six factors were identified as crucial to this situation: accuracy, communication, feedback, motivation, organizational support, and time. A survey was then disseminated to the relevant organizational members to identify which of these six issues was the most pressing. Based on the results, the author concludes by extrapolating the potential organizational implications, as well as providing some accommodating solutions.

  • 41.
    Balla, Dorottya
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Runesson, Tom
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    My Organization Wants Me to Do What? The Effect of Implementing the B-Corp Certification on Employee Pro-Environmental Behavior2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s society, environmental concern might be at a historical peak. 2778 companies in 60 countries have now acquired the Benefit-Corporation (B-Corp) Certification in attempts to demonstrate their environmental responsibility. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of implementing the B-Corp Certification in a USA automotive dealership on employee pro-environmental behavior and life satisfaction, with consideration of the moderating role of commitment to the B-Corp Certification. A within-group quasi-experimental design was used to investigate the effects of the certification over a 5-month period through self-reported measures. Thirty-three employees participated in this study. One-way repeated-measures ANOVA was conducted to measure differences in employee pro-environmental behavior before and after the implementation of the B-Corp Certification. Through bivariate correlations the relationship between employee pro-environmental behavior and life satisfaction was analyzed. Partial correlation was used to test the moderating role of commitment in determining the strength of the implementation on employee pro-environmental behavior. There was no difference between pre- and post-measurements of employee pro-environmental behavior. Commitment to the B-Corp Certification did not moderate the effectiveness of the implementation of the B-Corp Certification on employee pro-environmental behavior. Additionally, no relationship was found between pro-environmental behavior and life satisfaction. Finally, results are discussed within the context of industrial- and organizational(IO) psychology, as are the implications for future research and interventions aimed at increasingemployee pro-environmental behaviors.

  • 42.
    Banakou, Styliani
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Job satisfaction and creativity at work among Greek employees: The role of time perspective and financial crisis2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 43.
    Behforuzi, Hura
    et al.
    Harvard Med Sch, USA.
    Feng, Nicole C.
    Harvard Med Sch, USA.
    Billig, Adam R.
    Harvard Med Sch, USA.
    Ryan, Eliza
    Harvard Med Sch, USA.
    Tusch, Erich S.
    Harvard Med Sch, USA.
    Holcomb, Phillip J.
    San Diego State Univ, USA.
    Mohammed, Abdul K. H.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Daffner, Kirk R.
    Harvard Med Sch, USA.
    Markers of Novelty Processing in Older Adults Are Stable and Reliable2019In: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, ISSN 1663-4365, E-ISSN 1663-4365, Vol. 11, p. 1-15, article id 165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Exploratory behavior and responsiveness to novelty play an important role in maintaining cognitive function in older adults. Inferences about age- or disease-related differences in neural and behavioral responses to novelty are most often based on results from single experimental testing sessions. There has been very limited research on whether such findings represent stable characteristics of populations studied, which is essential if investigators are to determine the result of interventions aimed at promoting exploratory behaviors or draw appropriate conclusions about differences in the processing of novelty across diverse clinical groups. The goal of the current study was to investigate the short-term test-retest reliability of event-related potential (ERP) and behavioral responses to novel stimuli in cognitively normal older adults. ERPs and viewing durations were recorded in 70 healthy older adults participating in a subject-controlled visual novelty oddball task during two sessions occurring 7 weeks apart. Mean midline P3 amplitude and latency, mean midline amplitude during successive 50 ms intervals, temporospatial factors derived from principal component analysis (PCA), and viewing duration in response to novel stimuli were measured during each session. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed no reliable differences in the value of any measurements between Time 1 and 2. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) between Time 1 and 2 were excellent for mean P3 amplitude (ICC = 0.86), the two temporospatial factors consistent with the P3 components (ICC of 0.88 and 0.76) and viewing duration of novel stimuli (ICC = 0.81). Reliability was only fair for P3 peak latency (ICC = 0.56). Successive 50 ms mean amplitude measures from 100 to 1,000 ms yielded fair to excellent reliabilities, and all but one of the 12 temporospatial factors identified demonstrated ICCs in the good to excellent range. We conclude that older adults demonstrate substantial stability in ERP and behavioral responses to novel visual stimuli over a 7-week period. These results suggest that older adults may have a characteristic way of processing novelty that appears resistant to transient changes in their environment or internal states, which can be indexed during a single testing session. The establishment of reliable measures of novelty processing will allow investigators to determine whether proposed interventions have an impact on this important aspect of behavior.

  • 44.
    Benderix, Ylva
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Barn med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar som ADHD, autismspektrumtillstånd och Tourettes syndrom2015In: Pediatrisk omvårdnad / [ed] Inger Hallström & Tor Lindberg, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 2, p. 338-344Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Bengtsson, Hans
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Söderström, Micael
    Af Chapmangymnasiet.
    Terjestam, Yvonne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The Structure and Development of Dispositional Compassion in Early Adolescence2016In: Journal of Early Adolescence, ISSN 0272-4316, E-ISSN 1552-5449, Vol. 36, no 6, p. 840-873Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Compassion may be directed towardat a broad range of targets. The present study investigated interrelations among other-directed compassion, self-compassion and environmental compassion in early adolescence (age 12-14; n = 256) and examined how the different manifestations of compassion were related to age and sex during this age period. Acts of Ccompassion directed at different targets were[1]  assessed through self-reports and peer nominations. SEM-analysis supported a model that displayedportrayed compassion toward self, others and the environment as three distinct, but interrelated factors. Other-directed compassion and environmental compassion were higher in girls than in boys. There was a decrease in self-compassion with age, which was linked to negative self-perceptions in 13- and 14-year-old girls. The roles of experience and cognitive factors in linking different forms of compassion were discussed.

  • 46.
    Bergkvist, Rosita
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    How to stand the nursing profession: A study of proactive antecedents, self-efficacy, and organizational factors, and the mediation of cognitive appraisals on the outcome of stress and anxiety among nurses2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the light of present problems with stress related illness in organizations, often affecting women working in health care, the purpose of the current study was to examine proactive and malleable factors that could influence nurse’s perception of work stressors. Based on a model, self-efficacy and grouped organizational factors were examined as antecedents to the outcome of anxiety and stress via cognitive appraisals. The mediating role of the cognitive appraisals was further examined. The sample consists of 117 nurses and assistant nurses of which 112 were females working at a hospital in southern Sweden. The analyses were conducted with simple and multiple regressions. The result revealed that self-efficacy and the organizational factor together serve as antecedents to cognitive appraisals of stress, however, contrary to previous research, not to all appraisals. The mediating role of the cognitive appraisals showed that the harm appraisal mediate the relation between the organizational factor and the outcome of both anxiety and stress. The threat appraisal is found to partly mediate the relation between the organizational factor and the anxiety outcome as well as the stress outcome. The result further showed a none mediation role for the challenge appraisal between any of the antecedents and the outcomes, which suggest that the challenge appraisal do not serve as an underlying mechanism in either relationship. Other relations in the model are further shown and discussed in the study together with limitations, implications and suggestions of future research.

  • 47.
    Berglin, Amanda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sjöberg, Eva
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Psykisk ohälsa hos äldre och socialt engagemang: En kvantitativ studie om psykisk ohälsa och KASAM2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of elderly people in Sweden is growing and mental health in this group has been highlighted more in recent years. Previous studies have shown that there are deficiencies in how mental illness is identified and investigated for this group. This study undertakes the perspective of Antonovsky’s sense of coherence, SOC, which has been shown to be closely correlated with health, and how it is affected by the level of social involvement. In this study, the degree of SOC among the elderly who were active in pensioners’ associations was compared with the elderly who were not active in pensioners' associations and needed home care services to manage everyday life. The study showed that there was a statistically significant difference in the perceived sense of coherence between the groups, where those who were active in pensioners’ associations had the higher degree of SOC. This suggests that an active social commitment after retirement can counter mental illness and promote perceived sense of coherence.

  • 48.
    Berglund, Alexander
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Gustav, Forsberg
    Gymnasielärare och starkt KASAM - en möjlighet?: En kvalitativ studie om hur gymnasielärare upplever känsla av sammanhang på arbetsplatsen2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats var att utifrån ett hälsoperspektiv genom intervjuer undersöka om lärare på gymnasiet anser att de upplever känsla av sammanhang på arbetsplatsen. Datainsamlingen genomfördes på olika skolor i Södra Sverige där lärare med minst fem års erfarenhet inom läraryrket intervjuades genom kvalitativa intervjuer. Lärarna intervjuades enskilt och svaren analyserades med hjälp av Burnads (1991) tematiska innehållsanalys samt tidigare forskning. Resultatet visade att lärarna hade önskat att de får vara med och påverka sin arbetsplats mer för att minska den höga arbetsbelastningen som finns inom läraryrket. Bland annat påpekade flertalet av lärarna att de hade för många ansvarsområden i de nya läroplanerna och att klasstorlekarna oftast var för stora. Lärarna beskrev att de hade flertalet arbetskollegor som upplevde ett sämre välmående och hade funderingar på att avsluta sin karriär som lärare. Skolledning och politiker bör ta detta på stort allvar för att inte fler lärare skall avsluta sin karriär samt för att få fler att vilja bli lärare då det redan råder lärarbrist i Sverige. Resultatet visade även att den största motivationen till att fortsätta sitt läraryrke var framförallt relationer till elever men också mellan arbetskollegor.      

  • 49.
    Bergqvist, Erik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Tyrell, Gustav
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Vidareutveckling av en behandlingsspecifik följsamhetsskala vid internetförmedlad KBT: En pilotstudie2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to further develop a treatment-specific rating scale for adherence to internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (ICBT) for panic disorder. The research questions for this study were 1) does the rating scale show satisfying inter-rater reliability, 2) is there an association between the rating scale and the commonly used measurement of adherence, module completion, and 3) is there an association between the rating scale and treatment outcome. The inter-rater reliability between two raters was assessed twice. 80 participants treated with ICBT for panic disorder at Internetpsykiatrin (the unit for internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy in Stockholm) were then assessed using the treatment-specific rating scale for adherence. Module completion was also registered. Results show that the rating scale had an overall satisfying inter-rater reliability. Furthermore, the rating scale correlated positively with both module completion and treatment outcome. Conclusion: The rating scale further developed in the present study showed indications of being a reliable and useful instrument for measuring adherence to ICBT for panic disorder.

  • 50.
    Bergstedt, Bosse
    et al.
    Lund university.
    Herbert, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Pedagogik för förändring: röster som har utmanat kunskap och samhälle2017 (ed. 2)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Historiskt har pedagogik betraktats som en viktig förutsättning för kunskap och samhälle. Pedagogiska modeller har ofta utvecklats i samband med samhällsförändringar, revolutioner och krig.Pedagogiska teoretiker har frågat sig på vilket sätt människan kan bli en självständig tänkare som inte låter sig ledas av andra.

    Pedagogik för förändring möter läsaren pedagoger och filosofer från antiken fram till i dag – kvinnor och män som alla varit radikala tänkare för sin tid och banat väg för dagens skola och utbildning. I sin kamp för att tänka kritiskt och annorlunda har de utmanat givna föreställningar om kunskap och samhälle.

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