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  • 1.
    Aaberg, Oddveig Reiersdal
    et al.
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Hlth Sci, Fac Med & Hlth Sci, Teknologivegen 22, N-2815 Gjovik, Norway.;Univ Stavanger, Dept Qual & Hlth Technol, Fac Hlth Sci, Stavanger, Norway.;Univ Agder, Fac Hlth & Sport Sci, Dept Hlth & Nursing Sci, Norway..
    Ballangrud, Randi
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Hlth Sci, Fac Med & Hlth Sci, Teknologivegen 22, N-2815 Gjovik, Norway..
    Husebo, Sissel Iren Eikeland
    Univ Stavanger, Dept Qual & Hlth Technol, Fac Hlth Sci, Stavanger, Norway.;Stavanger Univ Hosp, Gerd Ragna Bloch Thorsens Gate 8, N-4011 Stavanger, Norway..
    Hall-Lord, Marie Louise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    An interprofessional team training intervention with an implementation phase in a surgical ward: A controlled quasi-experimental study2019In: Journal of Interprofessional Care, ISSN 1356-1820, E-ISSN 1469-9567, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite a growing awareness of the importance of interprofessional teamwork in relation to patient safety, many hospital units lack effective teamwork. The aim of this study was to explore if an interprofessional teamwork intervention in a surgical ward changed the healthcare personnel's perceptions of patient safety culture, perceptions of teamwork, and attitudes toward teamwork over 12 months. Healthcare personnel from surgical wards at two hospitals participated in a controlled quasi-experimental study. The intervention consisted of six hours of TeamSTEPPS team training and 12 months for the implementation of teamwork tools and strategies. The data collection was conducted among the healthcare personnel in the intervention group and the control group at baseline and at the end of the 12 month study period. The results within the intervention group showed that there were significantly improved scores in three of 12 patient safety culture dimensions and in three of five perceptions of teamwork dimensions after 12 months. When comparing between groups, significant differences were found in three patient safety culture measures in favor of the intervention group. The results of the study suggest that the teamwork intervention had a positive impact on patient safety culture and teamwork in the surgical ward.

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  • 2.
    Aaberg, Oddveig Reiersdal
    et al.
    University Agder, NOR;Norwegian University of Science & Technology, NOR ; University of Stavanger, NOR..
    Hall-Lord, Marie Louise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013). Norwegian University of Science & Technology, NOR.
    Husebo, Sissel Iren Eikeland
    University Stavanger, NOR; Stavanger University Hospital, NOR .
    Ballangrud, Randi
    Norwegian University of Science & Technology, NOR.
    A human factors intervention in a hospital-evaluating the outcome of a TeamSTEPPS program in a surgical ward2021In: BMC Health Services Research, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 21, no 1, article id 114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Patient safety in hospitals is being jeopardized, since too many patients experience adverse events. Most of these adverse events arise from human factors, such as inefficient teamwork and communication failures, and the incidence of adverse events is greatest in the surgical area. Previous research has shown the effect of team training on patient safety culture and on different areas of teamwork. Limited research has investigated teamwork in surgical wards. The aim of this study was to evaluate the professional and organizational outcomes of a team training intervention among healthcare professionals in a surgical ward after 6 and 12 months. Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety 2.0 was used as a conceptual framework for the study. Methods: This study had a pre-post design with measurements at baseline and after 6 and 12 months of intervention. The intervention was conducted in a urology and gastrointestinal surgery ward in Norway, and the study site was selected based on convenience and the leaders' willingness to participate in the project. Survey data from healthcare professionals were used to evaluate the intervention. The organizational outcomes were measured by the unit-based sections of the Hospital Survey of Patient Safety Culture Questionnaire, and professional outcomes were measured by the TeamSTEPPS Teamwork Perceptions Questionnaire and the Collaboration and Satisfaction about Care Decisions in Teams Questionnaire. A paired t-test, a Wilcoxon signed-rank test, a generalized linear mixed model and linear regression analysis were used to analyze the data. Results: After 6 months, improvements were found in organizational outcomes in two patient safety dimensions. After 12 months, improvements were found in both organizational and professional outcomes, and these improvements occurred in three patient safety culture dimensions and in three teamwork dimensions. Furthermore, the results showed that one of the significant improved teamwork dimensions "Mutual Support" was associated with the Patient Safety Grade, after 12 months of intervention. Conclusion: These results demonstrate that the team training program had effect after 12 months of intervention. Future studies with larger sample sizes and stronger study designs are necessary to examine the causal effect of a team training intervention in this context.

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  • 3.
    Aaberg, Oddveig Reiersdal
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway; University of Stavanger, Norway.
    Hall-Lord, Marie Louise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013). Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.
    Husebo, Sissel Iren Eikeland
    University of Stavanger, Norway; Stavanger University Hospital, Norway.
    Ballangrud, Randi
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.
    Collaboration and Satisfaction About Care Decisions in Team questionnaire: Psychometric testing of the Norwegian version, and hospital healthcare personnel perceptions across hospital units2019In: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 642-650Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim To translate "The Collaboration and Satisfaction About Care Decisions in Team" questionnaire (CSACD-T) into Norwegian and test it for psychometric properties. The further aim was to describe and compare healthcare personnel's collaboration and satisfaction about team decision-making (TDM) across hospital units. Design A cross-sectional study. Methods The questionnaire was translated into Norwegian. A total of 247 healthcare personnel at two hospitals responded to the questionnaire. An explorative factor analysis was performed to test the factor structure of the questionnaire, while a Cronbach's alpha analysis was used to test for internal consistency. A one-way ANOVA analysis and a Kruskal-Wallis test were applied to test for differences between hospital units. Results The results demonstrate that the Norwegian version of the CSACD-T has promising psychometric properties regarding construct validity and internal consistency. The mean score of the CSACD-T was significantly higher in the maternity ward group than in the emergency room group.

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  • 4.
    Abdalsatar, Riyam
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Baccouche, Magdalena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Tobaksanvändning och oral ohälsa bland ungdomar: En litteraturstudie2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Att minska användningen av tobak och nikotinprodukter i samhället är avgörande då det är en betydande riskfaktor för allmän hälsa och oral hälsa hos ungdomar. Under ungdomsåren utforskar ungdomar olika identiteter och intressen, vilket ibland kan inkludera riskabla beteenden som tobaksanvändning. Genom att implementera hälsofrämjande strategier riktade mot ungdomar minskas hälsoriskerna och hälsan främjas.

    Syfte: Att beskriva tobaksanvändning och dess effekt på oral hälsa bland ungdomar i åldern 13–26 år

    Metod: Sökningen genomfördes i två databaser, PubMed och CINAHL. Totalt valdes 11 artiklar ut som ansågs svara på syftet och genomgick sedan en kvalitetsgranskning enligt Statens beredning för medicinsk och social utvärdering (SBU) granskningsmallar. Dessa artiklar omfattade ungdomar i åldersspannet 13–26 år.

    Resultat: Tobaksanvändning har en negativ effekt på ungdomars orala hälsa, vilket inkluderar en ökad förekomst av karies, parodontal ohälsa, benförlust, gingival recession, oral mukosal lesion och muntorrhet. 

    Diskussion: Tobaksanvändning, både genom rökning och snusning, har betydande konsekvenser för oral hälsa, vilket förstärker behovet av att integrera ett biopsykosocialt perspektiv i forskningen och vårdpraxisen för att förbättra interventioner för ungdomars oralhälsa. De utvalda artiklarna från olika länder bidrar med sin globala omfattning och mångfald till en djupare förståelse av tobaksanvändningens påverkan på ungdomars oral hälsa.

    Slutsats: Ungdomar är särskilt mottagliga för ohälsosamma beteenden, och trots att rökning minskar, ökar användningen av andra tobaksprodukter, vilket höjer risken för hälsoproblem. Det är nödvändigt med ett samarbete mellan olika samhällsaktörer för att främja både den allmänna och den orala hälsan hos ungdomar.

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  • 5.
    Abdellatif, Maysoon Sami
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Utvärdering av önskade och oönskade effekter av cannabisbaserade läkemedel vid multipel skleros, med fokus på Sativex®: – En litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6.
    Abdirashid, Abdulle
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Detektion av kloratreduktas och kloritdismutas med hjälp av 2D elektrofores2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 7.
    Abdul Wahid, Nuriya
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Gustafsson, Linn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Orsaker till arbetsrelaterad stress hos sjuksköterskor på akutmottagningar: En litteraturstudie2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: En akutmottagning är avsedd för personer med akut sjukdom eller skada. Arbetet på en akutmottagning kan vara stressigt, ständigt omväxlande och oförutsägbart. Sjuksköterskans huvudansvar är omvårdnaden och förväntas göra snabba bedömningar samt ge adekvat vård. Arbetsrelaterad stress uppstår när kraven blir för höga jämfört med sjuksköterskans kompetens och förmåga. Långvarig arbetsrelaterad stress under en lång tid kan leda till problem med hälsan. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa vad som orsakar arbetsrelaterad stress hos sjuksköterskor på en akutmottagning. Metod: Litteraturstudien utfördes enligt Polit och Becks (2017) flödesschema i nio steg. Databassökningar i CINAHL, PsycINFO och PubMed utfördes där 12 artiklar var relevanta för litteraturstudiens syfte samt inklusion- och exklusionskriterierna. Sju var kvantitativa, fyra var kvalitativa och en mixad metod. Samtliga artiklar granskades med hjälp av granskningsmallar. Två huvudkategorier samt underkategorier identifierades under databearbetningen. Resultat: Orsakerna till arbetsrelaterad stress som belysts i den här litteraturstudien har presenterats i två huvudkategorier: Hög arbetsbelastning och påfrestande situationer samt underkategorier till hög arbetsbelastning: organisatoriska brister och tidsbrist. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor på en akutmottagning träffar på en rad olika orsaker till arbetsrelaterad stress oavsett vilken akutmottagning. Överbeläggning och stort antal patienter bidrog till arbetsrelaterad stress hos sjuksköterskor. Resursen sjuksköterskor räcker inte till på akutmottagningen och orsakar en tidsbrist. Otillräckligt omhändertagande inom primärvården orsakar överbelastning på akutmottagningen.

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  • 8.
    Abdulqader, Ann
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    En jämförelse av effektivitet för protonpumpshämmare och histamin 2- receptorblockerare, vid behandling av gastroesofagealreflux, ventrikelulkus och duodenalulkus.: Litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 9.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    2 minuters träning per arbetspass.2015In: Samverkan 112, ISSN 1650-7487, Vol. AprilArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Att ansvara för en annan människas liv2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Att bedöma patienter utsatta för trauma2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Att träna på en patient som går att starta om2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Att vara doktorand2014Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Den specialistutbildade ambulanssjuksköterskans uppfattning av att bedöma patienter utsatta för svårt trauma2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Developing ethical competence among students in nurse specialist programs2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Dom ser döda ut allihop: Att våga fatta svåra beslut2015In: Samverkan 112, ISSN 1650-7487, Vol. AprilArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Full scale pre-hospital care scenario: Prehsopital workshop2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Mapping the use of simulation in prehospital care2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Prehospital simulation differs from others: Prehospital workshop2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Simulering i ambulanssjukvården2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Simulering som lärande inom prehospital akutsjukvård2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of the research was to deepen the understanding of learning through simulation in prehospital emergency care.

    Method: In this research, qualitative and quantitative methods are used as well as integrative literature studies (I, II). Qualitative data from the interview studies (III, V) were analyzed by phenomenographic methodology. Quantitative data from the intervention study (IV) were analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistics.

    Results: Research on simulation and learning within the prehospital trauma care context is relatively rare (I). Simulation of realistic scenarios where the caregivers are exposed to stress contributes to strengthen caregiver knowledge, skills and experience (II). Caregivers request simulation opportunities regarding critical and emergency situations (III). They describe that learning through regular simulation provides in-depth knowledge and skills in the care of a patient exposed to high-energy trauma (V). Interventions with repeated simulation opportunities related to the care of the patient exposed to high-energy trauma give some improvement in care provided at the site of the accident (IV).

    Conclusion: Through simulation, the caregivers develop knowledge and skills and receive enhanced confidence in the care of an injured and sick patient. The research suggests several areas with potential for improvement with regard to the care of patients exposed to high-energy trauma. A model has been developed for systematic trauma simulation.

     

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  • 22.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Simulering som pedagogisk metod: ett sätt att träna olika patientsituationer2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Så räddar du liv2014Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    The simulation used in prehospital care2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    To optimize prehospital CPR- performed by fire fighters2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Vad gör man när man jobbar på ett universitet och forskar om ambulansen?2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    What do we need to train the ambulance staff in and how can we train them?2014In: Workshop vid Society in Europe for Simulation Applied to Medicine, Pre-Hospital Special Interest Group Pre-Conference Course., 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Öppet samtal mellan Sveriges prehospitala doktorander och representanter för nationell prehospital forskning2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Bisholt, Birgitta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Nurse students learning acute care by simulation: Focus on observation and debriefing2017In: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 24, p. 6-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Simulation creates the possibility to experience acute situations during nursing education which cannot easily be achieved in clinical settings. Aim: To describe how nursing students learn acute care of patients through simulation exercises, based on observation and debriefing. Design: The study was designed as an observational study inspired by an ethnographic approach.MethodData was collected through observations and interviews. Data was analyzed using an interpretive qualitative content analysis.Results: Nursing students created space for reflection when needed. There was a positive learning situation when suitable patient scenarios were presented. Observations and discussions with peers gave the students opportunities to identify their own need for knowledge, while also identifying existing knowledge. Reflections could confirm or reject their preparedness for clinical practice. The importance of working in a structured manner in acute care situations became apparent. However, negative feedback to peers was avoided, which led to a loss of learning opportunity.Conclusion: High fidelity simulation training as a method plays an important part in the nursing students' learning. The teacher also plays a key role by asking difficult questions and guiding students towards accurate knowledge. This makes it possible for the students to close knowledge gaps, leading to improved patient safety.

  • 30.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Blomberg, Ann-Catrin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Rörelsen mellan teori och praxis2013In: Vård i fokus, ISSN 0781-495X, no 2, p. 26-28Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    What is dignity in prehospital emergency care?2017In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 268-278Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Ethics and dignity in prehospital emergency care are important due to vulnerability and suffering. Patients can lose control of their body and encounter unfamiliar faces in an emergency situation.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe what specialist ambulance nurse students experienced as preserved and humiliated dignity in prehospital emergency care.

    RESEARCH DESIGN: The study had a qualitative approach.

    METHOD: Data were collected by Flanagan's critical incident technique. The participants were 26 specialist ambulance nurse students who described two critical incidents of preserved and humiliated dignity, from prehospital emergency care. Data consist of 52 critical incidents and were analyzed with interpretive content analysis.

    ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: The study followed the ethical principles in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.

    FINDINGS: The result showed how human dignity in prehospital emergency care can be preserved by the ambulance nurse being there for the patient. The ambulance nurses meet the patient in the patient's world and make professional decisions. The ambulance nurse respects the patient's will and protects the patient's body from the gaze of others. Humiliated dignity was described through the ambulance nurse abandoning the patient and by healthcare professionals failing, disrespecting, and ignoring the patient.

    DISCUSSION: It is a unique situation when a nurse meets a patient face to face in a critical life or death moment. The discussion describes courage and the ethical vision to see another human.

    CONCLUSION: Dignity was preserved when the ambulance nurse showed respect and protected the patient in prehospital emergency care. The ambulance nurse students' ethical obligation results in the courage to see when a patient's dignity is in jeopardy of being humiliated. Humiliated dignity occurs when patients are ignored and left unprotected. This ethical dilemma affects the ambulance nurse students badly due to the fact that the morals and attitudes of ambulance nurses are reflected in their actions toward the patient.

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  • 32.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Suserud, Bjorn-Ove
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Ambulance Nurses' Competence and Perception of Competence in Prehospital Trauma Care2018In: Emergency Medicine International, ISSN 2090-2840, E-ISSN 2090-2859, article id 5910342Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. We focus on trauma care conducted in the context of a simulated traumatic event. This is in this study defined as a four-meter fall onto a hard surface, resulting in severe injuries to extremities in the form of bilateral open femur fractures, an open tibia fracture, and a closed pelvic fracture, all fractures bleeding extensively. Methods. The simulated trauma care competence of 63 ambulance nurses in prehospital emergency care was quantitatively evaluated along with their perception of their sufficiency. Data was collected by means of simulated trauma care and a questionnaire. Results. Life-saving interventions were not consistently performed. Time to perform interventions could be considered long due to the life-threatening situation. In comparison, the ambulance nurses' perception of the sufficiency of their theoretical and practical knowledge and skills for trauma care scored high. In contrast, the perception of having sufficient ethical training for trauma care scored low. Discussion. This study suggests there is no guarantee that the ambulance nurses' perception of theoretical and practical knowledge and skill level corresponds with their performed knowledge and skill. The ambulance nurses rated themselves having sufficient theoretical and practical knowledge and skills while the score of trauma care can be considered quite low.

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  • 33.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Suserud, Bjorn-Ove
    Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare, PreHospen, Centre for Prehospital Research, University of Borås, Sweden.
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Effect of Repeated Simulation on the Quality of Trauma Care2017In: Clinical Simulation in Nursing, ISSN 1876-1399, E-ISSN 1876-1402, Vol. 13, no 12, p. 601-608Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Simulation participants are not dependent on learning during an actual clinical situation. This allows for a learning environment that can be constructed to meet the knowledge and experience needs of the participant. Simulations in a prehospital emergency are an ideal way to address these needs without risking patient safety. Method: Nurses in prehospital emergency care (n = 63) participated in simulation interventions. During the simulation, the performed trauma care was assessed in two groups of participants with different frequency of simulation. Results: Several statistically significant differences and clinical improvements were found within and between the groups. Differences were noted in specific assessments, examinations, care actions, and time from assessment to action. Conclusion: The result suggested that repeated simulation may contribute to a clinical improvement in trauma care, and more frequent simulation may led to even greater improvements. (c) 2017 International Nursing Association for Clinical Simulation and Learning. Published by Elsevier Inc.

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  • 34.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Lundberg, Lars
    CPR performed in the military environment2016In: Society in Europe for Simulation Applied to Medicine Lisbon 16/6 2016., Lisabon, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Experiences of simulation in prehospital emergency care settings, the paramedic and ambulance nurses` point of view2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Learning by simulation in prehospital emergency care: an integrative literature review2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 234-240Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Acquiring knowledge and experience on high-energy trauma is often difficult due to infrequent exposure. This creates a need for training which is specifically tailored for complex prehospital conditions. Simulation provides an opportunity for ambulance nurses to focus on the actual problems in clinical practice and to develop knowledge regarding trauma care. The aim of this study was to describe what ambulance nurses and paramedics in prehospital emergency care perceive as important for learning when participating in simulation exercises.

    METHODS: An integrative literature review was carried out. Criteria for inclusion were primary qualitative and quantitative studies, where research participants were ambulance nurses or paramedics, working within prehospital care settings, and where the research interventions involved simulation.

    RESULTS: It was perceived important for the ambulance nurses' learning that scenarios were advanced and possible to simulate repeatedly. The repetitions contributed to increase the level of experience, which in turn improved the patients care. Moreover, realism in the simulation and being able to interact and communicate with the patient were perceived as important aspects, as was debriefing, which enabled the enhancement of knowledge and skills. The result is presented in the following categories: To gain experience, To gain practice and To be strengthened by others.

    CONCLUSION: Learning through simulation does not require years of exposure to accident scenes. The simulated learning is enhanced by realistic, stressful scenarios where ambulance nurses interact with the patients. In this study, being able to communicate with the patient was highlighted as a positive contribution to learning. However, this has seldom been mentioned in a previous research on simulation. Debriefing is important for learning as it enables scrutiny of one's actions and thereby the possibility to improve and adjust one's caring. The effect of simulation exercises is important on patient outcome.

  • 37.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    Centre for prehospital Research, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Learning High-Energy Trauma Care Through Simulation2018In: Clinical Simulation in Nursing, ISSN 1876-1399, E-ISSN 1876-1402, Vol. 17, p. 1-6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Simulation provides the opportunity to learn how to care for patients in complexsituations, such as when patients are exposed to high-energy trauma such as motor vehicle accidents.The aim of the study was to describe nurses’ perceptions of high-energy trauma care through simulationin prehospital emergency care. The study had a qualitative design. Interviews were conductedwith 20 nurses after performing a simulated training series. Data were analyzed using a phenomenographicmethod. The result indicates that simulation establishes, corrects, and confirms knowledge andskills related to trauma care in prehosp ital emergency settings. Trauma knowledge is readily availablein memory and can be quickly retrieved in a future trauma situation.

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  • 38.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Simulation of high-energy trauma makes knowledge readily available from memoryManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Suserud, Björ-Ove
    School of Health Science, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Mapping the use of simulation in prehospital care: a literature review.2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, E-ISSN 1757-7241, Vol. 22, no 22, p. 12-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:High energy trauma is rare and, as a result, training of prehospital care providers often takes placeduring the real situation, with the patient as the object for the learning process. Such training could instead becarried out in the context of simulation, out of danger for both patients and personnel. The aim of this study wasto provide an overview of the development and foci of research on simulation in prehospital care practice.Methods:An integrative literature review were used. Articles based on quantitative as well as qualitative researchmethods were included, resulting in a comprehensive overview of existing published research. For publishedarticles to be included in the review, the focus of the article had to be prehospital care providers, in prehospitalsettings. Furthermore, included articles must target interventions that were carried out in a simulation context.Results:The volume of published research is distributed between 1984- 2012 and across the regions North America,Europe, Oceania, Asia and Middle East. The simulation methods used were manikins, films, images or paper, live actors,animals and virtual reality. The staff categories focused upon were paramedics, emergency medical technicians (EMTs),medical doctors (MDs), nurse and fire fighters. The main topics of published research on simulation with prehospitalcare providers included: Intubation, Trauma care, Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), Ventilation and Triage.Conclusion:Simulation were described as a positive training and education method for prehospital medical staff. Itprovides opportunities to train assessment, treatment and implementation of procedures and devices under realisticconditions. It is crucial that the staff are familiar with and trained on the identified topics, i.e., intubation, trauma care,CPR, ventilation and triage, which all, to a very large degree, constitute prehospital care. Simulation plays an integralrole in this. The current state of prehospital care, which this review reveals, includes inadequate skills of prehospital staffregarding ventilation and CPR, on both children and adults, the lack of skills in paediatric resuscitation and the lack ofknowledge in assessing and managing burns victims. These circumstances suggest critical areas for further training andresearch, at both local and global levels

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  • 40.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Willman, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Caring for patients in the end-of-life from the perspective of undergraduate nursing students2020In: Nursing Forum, ISSN 0029-6473, Vol. 55, no 3, p. 433-438Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Caring for patients in the end-of-life is an emotionally and physically challenging task. Therefore, undergraduate nursing students (UNS) need opportunities to learn to care for the dying patient. This study aimed to describe UNS' experiences of caring for patients at end-of-life. Methods: Interviews with 16 UNS in their last semester of nursing education were conducted. Data were analyzed with a phenomenological approach. Results: The UNS created a professional relationship with the dying patient. It meant that when the patient was unable to speak for themselves, the UNS could still meet his/her wishes and needs. The UNS believed they could take responsibility for the patient who was no longer able to take responsibility for themselves. Meeting with the patient's family could be experienced with anxiousness but was dependent on the personal chemistry between the patient's family and the UNS. Conclusion: The UNS creates a relationship with the patient and their family. To be knowledgeable about the patient's physical and psychosocial needs means that the UNS can support the patient in the end-of-life phase. Being close to the patient and the family results in an intensity of emotions in the care situation. The UNS can receive support from their colleagues during processing their emotions and creating an experience from their encounters with patients in end-of-life care.

  • 41.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Willman, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Ethics and aesthetics in injection treatments with Botox and Filler2021In: Journal of Women & Aging, ISSN 0895-2841, E-ISSN 1540-7322, Vol. 33, no 6, p. 583-595Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The medical nature of esthetic treatments is confusing, as the boundaries between medicine and beauty are unclear. A person's autonomous decision is an indicator for esthetic treatments that will improve their self-image, self-esteem and appearance to others. Robust ethical consideration is therefore necessary for the medical esthetician in each meeting with the client. This study aimed to describe medical estheticians' perceptions of ethics and esthetics in injection treatments with Botox and Filler. The results are described in Understanding what different clients desire, Reaching a mutual understanding of expectations and possibilities and Taking responsibility for beauty.

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  • 42.
    Abou Ali, Sogod
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    En jämförelse av effektivitet för pravastatin: Vad gäller primärprevention respektive sekundärprevention vid kardiovaskulära händelser- en litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 43.
    Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Vigdis
    et al.
    Östfold university Norway.
    Persenius, Mona
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Bååth, Carina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Helgesen, Ann Karin
    Östfold university, Norway.
    The use of life stories and its influence on persons with dementia, their relatives and staff: A systematic mixed studies review2017In: BMC Nursing, ISSN 1472-6955, E-ISSN 1472-6955, Vol. 16, no 28, article id 28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Dementia is an important predictor of nursing home admissions. Due to progressive dementia symptoms, over time it becomes difficult for persons with dementia to communicate their wishes and participate in decisions concerning their everyday lives. Their well-being, sense of dignity, integrity and personhood are at risk. The persons' life stories have been highlighted as particularly important in dementia care and are referred to as seeing the person beyond the dementia. The aim of this study was to explore and describe the use of life stories and its influence on persons with dementia living in nursing homes, their relatives and staff.

    METHODS: A systematic mixed studies review was conducted. The literature searches were performed in the following databases: CINAHL, PubMed and PsycINFO and the Cochrane library, as well as by hand searching references in the studies included. An updated search was performed eight months after the first search. Data was synthesised inspired by integrative analysis.

    RESULTS: Three studies using quantitative design and two studies (presented in three papers) using qualitative design representing research from 2006 to 2015 were included in the review. Life stories generally had a positive influence on the persons with dementia, their relatives, and staff. The use of life stories might contribute to 'Maintenance of the person with dementia as a whole person rather than a demented patient'. On the other hand, enabling persons with dementia to tell their own story could be a challenge. For the staff it could be challenging when sensitive information emerged uninvited. Involving relatives could also be difficult as to whose story were uncovered.

    CONCLUSIONS: The use of person's life story might be of significance, but there is not enough evidence to make any statement about its importance as the research is scarce. Studies, including randomised controlled trials, are needed to measure the impact of life story work on the physiological and psychological aspects of persons with dementia, and also how it influences their relatives and staff.

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  • 44.
    Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Vigdis
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Wilde Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Karlsson, Ingela
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Hall-Lord, Marie-Louise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Patients' experiences of care quality and satisfaction satisfaction during hospital stay: a qualitative study2013In: European Journal for Person Centered Healthcare, ISSN 2052-5656, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 185-192Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rationale, aim and objectives: Patients experiencing high care quality and satisfied patients are more likely to follow treatments. Patient satisfaction is an important contributor to physical and mental health-related quality of life. Research emphasises the need to further study satisfaction from the patients’ perspective. The aim was to describe patients’ experiences of care quality and the relation to their satisfaction during hospital stay. 

    Methods: A qualitative descriptive design was used. Interviews were conducted with 22 patients discharged from hospital. Data was analysed by conventional content analysis.

    Results: Four categories and seven subcategories describing patients’ experiences of care quality and the relation to their satisfaction emerged. Desire to regain health comprised waiting for treatment, being cured, having hopes of being cured and described the treatment and health outcome of hospitalisation. Need to be met in a professional way as a unique person comprised receiving personalized knowledge, receiving healthcare by competent healthcare personnel and described the way patients need to be met by healthcare personnel. Need to be involved comprised taking responsibility for own health, leaving responsibility for own health and concerned the patients’ way of handling hospitalisation. Need to have balance between privacy and companionship concerned the relationship to fellow patients.

    Conclusions: Health condition is of great importance to patients’ experiences of quality of care and their satisfaction in relation to hospital stay. The healthcare personnel need to be aware that seriously ill patients may never be completely satisfied. Furthermore, healthcare personnel must do their utmost to provide the patients with person-centered care.  Hospital managers must consider the design of wards with respect to such matters as multiple-bed versus single-bed rooms and heads of nursing must carefully plan each patient’s accommodation.

  • 45.
    Adamson, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Inverkan av lipemisk turbiditet på koncentrationsbestämning av IgM och LDL-K i serumprover med VITROS® 4600 samt åtgärdsförslag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 46.
    Adolfsson, Ulrika
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Frykholm, Madeleine
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Distriktssköterskans upplevelse av sin yrkesroll på vårdcentral2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Specialist nurses work on the basis of a person-centered approach, which is

    governed by several laws, including the Health Care Act. Care and care work

    aims to satisfy both individual and basic human needs, regardless of cultural and ethnic

    background. The district nurse's job at a health center includes, among other things, medical reception and telephone counseling. Aim: The purpose of the literature study was to elucidate how district nurses perceive their professional role at a primary health center. Method: A systematic literature study in which Polit & Beck's (2017) nine-step model were used. The result is based on eleven scientific papers that were found using the databases CINAHL, PubMed and SweMed +. Result: Four categories were identified that answered the purpose of the literature study: Insufficient knowledge creates uncertainty, A supportive work environment is important, Stress and lack of time affect work negatively and Creating safety for the patient.  Conclusions: The results shows that the district nursing work is a sought after profession that plays a central role in nursing and coordination at a primary health care center. The experience of the district nurses' professional role is subjective. The result also shows that the district nurses' experience are that they are proud of their professional role.

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  • 47.
    Ahlberg, Patrik
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Börjesson, Kristin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Bäckenfraktur i prehospital miljö: Finns det evidens för immobilisering och extern kompression förbäckenfraktur prehospitalt?2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Bäckenfrakturer är en av de potentiellt livshotande skadornaprehospitalt som bör identifieras under den primära undersökningen hospatienter med stort trauma. Vid smärtor kring bäcken eller ljumskarimmobilseras bäckenet. Inledningsvis via att benen förs ihop och inåtroteras,ytterligare kan bäckenet komprimeras med tryck genom exempelvis gördel.Dock finns ingen stark evidens gällande att den externa kompressionen harvisat effekt.

    Syfte: Att undersöka evidensen för effekten avseende immobilisering och externkompression av bäckenfraktur prehospitalt.Metod: Översiktlig litteraturstudie, scooping review, inkluderande 11 artiklardär data inhämtning skett via Cinahl och Pubmed.

    Resultat: Resultatet pekar på att kompression prehospitalt har mekanisk effektför att distansmässigt reducera bäckenfrakturer. Korttidseffekter så somtransfusionskrav och cirkulatoriskt svar visar igen evidens, likaså effekter överlång tid som mortalitet och sjukhusdagar. Biverkningar i form av hudskadorkan uppkomma i liten omfattning från behandlingen.

    Konklusion: Förutom att immobilisering och extern kompression distansmässigt reducerar bäckenfrakturer är evidensen för åtgärden prehospitaltbegränsad. Inga direkta slutsatser kan dras av studiens resultat då vidare ochstörre forskning krävs.

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  • 48.
    Ahlby, Josephin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Hagbom, Ebba
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Vietnamese nurses´ conceptions of patient safety.: An empirical study about Vietnamese nurses´ conceptions of patient safety.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Building a safety net, leadership and containing quality, are some of many responsibilities that comes with the profession nursing. To maintain health care of highest quality knowledge about patient safety is important. Patient safety means prevent medical errors that may cause the patient physical or psychological damage or in worst case scenario, death. Aim: To describe Vietnamese nurses’ conceptions of patient safety. Method: The study had a qualitative design. Data were collected from interviewing nurses at Hué University Hospital with open-ended questions. The collected data has been transcribed and condensed to categories through content analysis to find key sentences which explained Vietnamese nurses’ conception of patient safety. Result: Data analysis regarding Vietnamese nurse´s conception of patient safety resulted in seven categories which affect patient safety in Hue University Hospital, Equipment effecting the patient safety, Knowledge to provide safer care, Procedures used to increase patient safety, Infections in relation to poor patient safety, Nurses´ conception of communication, Documentation effecting patient safety and Inadequate number of nurses. Conclusion: This study shows that lack of good hygiene, insufficient equipment and the great number of patients are the most common factors to affect the patient safety in a negative way in Vietnam. The study shows that the nurses are well aware of what factors affecting the patient safety as well as how to improve patient safety.

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  • 49.
    Ahlqvist, Klas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Norell, Per-Ivar
    Karlstad University.
    Har vi verkligen ett säkert beteende på internet?: En kvalitativ studie om hur användare hanterar lösenord på internet och varför de gör som de gör.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: An account, that identify and authorize the user, is nowadays almost a condition for the user’s ability to use the many services Internet provides. If the account shall remain safe, only the user should have access to the user account. The user needs to create unique and complex passwords. Aim: In this study we have examined the end-user’s knowledge regarding safe passwords, how they act. We have also examined why they act as they do. Method: This qualitative study was made through interviews with 12 respondents of varying age. Results: Our findings show that the user’s knowledge often is based on older recommendations. They also lack knowledge about what a password generator, or a password manger, is and how they work. The lack of knowledge combined with a high wish of swift Internet usage leads to inadequate threat and impact assessments of Internet risks. Conclusion: The end-user’s knowledge, regarding security online needs to be improved, to reduce their risk exposure. The development of technology is moving fast so a raised awareness is mandatory for a safe Internet behavior.

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  • 50.
    Ahlqvist, Margary
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Sci, Div Surg, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Berglund, Britta
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Sci, Div Surg, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Klang, Birgitta
    Karolinska Inst, Care Sci & Soc, Div Nursing, Dept Neurobiol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Johansson, Eva
    Karolinska Inst, Care Sci & Soc, Div Nursing, Dept Neurobiol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Satisfactory reliability among nursing students using the instrument PVC ASSESS to evaluate management of peripheral venous catheters2014In: Journal of Vascular Access, ISSN 1129-7298, E-ISSN 1724-6032, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 128-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Nursing students should be given opportunities to participate in clinical audits during their education. However, audit tools are seldom tested for reliability among nursing students. The aim of this study was to present reliability among nursing students using the instrument PVC assess to assess management of peripheral venous catheters (PVCs) and PVC-related signs of thrombophlebitis. Methods: PVC assess was used to assess 67 inserted PVCs in 60 patients at ten wards at a university hospital. One group of nursing students (n= 4) assessed PVCs at the bedside (inter-rater reliability) and photographs of these PVCs were taken. Another group of students (n= 3) assessed the PVCs in the photographs after 4 weeks (test-retest reliability). To determine reliability, proportion of agreement [P(A)] and Cohen's kappa coefficient (k) were calculated. Results: For bedside assessment of PVCs, P(A) ranged from good to excellent (0.80-1.0) in 55% of the 26 PVC assess items that were tested. P(A) was poor (< 0.70) for two items: "adherence of inner dressing to the skin" and " PVC location." In 81% of the items, k was between moderate and almost perfect: moderate (n= 5), substantial (n= 3), almost perfect (n= 5). For edema at insertion site and two items on PVC dressing, k was fair (0.21-0.40). Regarding test-retest reliability, P(A) varied between good and excellent (0.81-1) in 85%-95% of the items, and the k ranged between moderate and almost perfect (0.41-1) in 90%-95%. Conclusions: PVC assess demonstrated satisfactory reliability among nursing students. However, students need training in how to use the instrument before assessing PVCs.

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