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  • 1. Albert de la Bruheze, A. A.
    et al.
    Emanuel, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    European bicycling: The politics of low and high culture: Taming and framing cycling in twentieth-century Europe2012In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 64-66Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Pettersson, Thomas
    Umeå universitet, Ekonomisk historia.
    Between private interests and the state. Corporatist strategies in the Swedish railway council, 1902-1967.2015In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 151-169Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the strategies employed by the Swedish RailwayCouncil to influence national railway policy from 1902 to 1967. The Council was a corporatist arrangement and functioned as a broker betweenindustrial and regional interests and the public railways. The resultsshow that though the Council's policy influence in many cases wasmarginal, there were occasions when the members could use the Council asa tool to influence railway policy, most notably the division of thenetwork into profitable and unprofitable lines, with different forms ofgovernment subsidies. The Council's influence gained from a shift inarguments from that tariffs should be high enough to deliver a return onthe invested capital, to an emphasis on having tariffs that could supportnational and regional economic development, even if it created commerciallosses. When Swedish transport policy shifted in the 1960s, the Railway Council gradually lost its importance and eventually dissolved.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Pettersson, Thomas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic history.
    Between private interests and the state: corporatist strategies in the Swedish railway council, 1902-19672015In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 151-169Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the strategies employed by the Swedish Railway Council to influence national railway policy from 1902 to 1967. The Council was a corporatist arrangement and functioned as a broker between industrial and regional interests and the public railways. The results show that though the Council's policy influence in many cases was marginal, there were occasions when the members could use the Council as a tool to influence railway policy, most notably the division of the network into profitable and unprofitable lines, with different forms of government subsidies. The Council's influence increased through a shift in arguments, from a position that tariffs should be high enough to deliver a return on the invested capital, to an emphasis on having tariffs that could support national and regional economic development, even if it created commercial losses. When Swedish transport policy shifted in the 1960s, the Railway Council gradually lost its importance and eventually dissolved.

  • 4.
    Emanuel, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science and Technology.
    Constructing the cyclist: Ideology and representations in urban traffic planning in Stockholm, 1930-702012In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 67-91Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Eriksson, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic history.
    A Troubled Continuity: Agencies and Path Dependence in Interwar Swedish Railway Policy2016In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 27-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article deals with the abortive attempt by the Swedish Socialisation Commission to reform the Swedish State Railways (SJ) after World War I. It is argued that the decisive opposition to this proposal from SJ and the Swedish Federation of Industries may be related to the fact that railway policy in Sweden, as in many other countries, included a number of conditions that predisposed these agencies to established policy and budgets. In this regard, the article demonstrates how existing railway policy constrained the involved actors to such an extent that they persisted with the established arrangements, even if that decision implied a continued inability to deal with the financial imbalances that gradually undermined the railway sector.

  • 6.
    Eriksson, Martin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Forum for Studies on Law and Society.
    Compensating for the war: railway nationalisation and transport policy change in Sweden, 1939–472017In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 232-250Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the negotiations and the decision-making process related to the nationalisation of the GDG rail network in Sweden during the period 1939–47. It highlights some of the distinct features of the railway nationalisation process in Sweden. It is noted that the nationalisation of GDG was exposed to factors and contexts that had not been anticipated when Parliament made the policy decision to nationalise the non-State railways in 1939. During World War II, the financial situation of GDG had benefited from new transport conditions which limited road–rail competition. Furthermore, the Social Democrats began to implement a more active transport policy as part of their post-war economic policy. This led to an outcome in 1947 where the GDG shareholders were compensated more generously than they would have been in 1939.

  • 7.
    Lilja, Kristina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Ottosson, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    The risk of pioneering: Private interests, the State, and the launching of civil aviation in Sweden. The case of SLA 1918-232018In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 316-332Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The making and running of one of the early Swedish civil aviation companies – Svenska Lufttrafikaktiebolaget 1919–23 – show that military representatives and private entrepreneurs were highly important during this phase. We state that the making of this early civil aviation company in Sweden had not been possible without close personal ties between bankers and entrepreneurs, as well as their beliefs in the future of civil aviation as a natural and an evident part of Swedish infrastructure. However, the enterprise was indeed pioneering the field and faced the 1920–23 Swedish crisis. Svenska Lufttrafikaktiebolaget did not survive, despite minor subsidies. The article shows that the initial position of State involvement regarding civil aviation was not a clear-cut matter in the late 1910s and early 1920s. We claim that only later in the 1920s the Swedish State properly supported civil aviation.

  • 8.
    Lindgren, Eva
    et al.
    Umeå University.
    Lindgren, Urban
    Umeå University.
    Pettersson, Thomas
    Umeå University.
    Driving from the center to the periphery?: The diffusion of private cars in Sweden, 1960-19752010In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 164-181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The diffusion of private cars in Sweden has not yet been examined in a national long-run perspective covering all individuals. This article enquires whether the diffusion of private cars followed the overall socioeconomic and geographical changes in Sweden from 1960 to 1975. In particular, it asks if ownership per capita followed changes in incomes or changes in population density (urbanisation). In the 1960s Swedish traffic and regional policy aimed at making the car an instrument of national integration and regional equality, and making it available throughout the country. This article tracks the effects of that policy. The analysis is based on Swedish parish-scale census material that includes all car owners for the years 1960, 1970 and 1975. The conclusion is that income levels were more important than other explanations for the diffusion of private cars in Sweden between 1960 and 1975. National policy goals regarding cars as means of regional integration and equalisation were not fulfilled up to 1975.

  • 9.
    Merrill, Samuel
    University College London.
    London Underground: A Cultural Geography: David Ashford2014In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 134-136Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Merrill, Samuel
    University College London.
    Looking Forward to the Past: London Underground's 150th Anniversary2012In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 243-252Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Ottosson, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Review: F. Andersson, Mot framtiden på gamla spår? Regionala intressegrupper och beslutsprocesser kring kustjärnvägarna i Norrland under 1900-talet2008In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 315-317Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Törnlund, Erik
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
    Östlund, Lars
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Mobility without wheels: The economy and ecology of timber floating in Sweden, 1850-19802006In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 48-70Article in journal (Refereed)
1 - 12 of 12
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