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  • 1.
    Astvik, Wanja
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Melin, Marika
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Coping with the imbalance between job demands and resources: A study of different coping patterns and implications for health and quality in human service work2013Ingår i: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 337-360Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary: In recent decades the public welfare sector has been subjected to major structural changes, and studies of various occupational groups within human service work have reported increased workload and a high prevalence of work-related stress. Using questionnaire data from a sample of human service workers within social work, child care and elderly care, the aim of this study was to identify different patterns of coping strategies to manage the imbalance between work demands and resources, and then to investigate their impact on outcomes in employee health and service quality.

    Findings: Cluster analysis identified three strategy profiles: compensatory and quality reducing, voice and support seeking and self supporting, and the comparative analysis indicated that the compensatory and quality reducing cluster may be regarded as a risk group. Results of hierarchical regression analyses disclosed that the identified strategies affected health outcomes as well as perceived service quality. The use of compensatory and quality reducing strategies was negatively related to health and quality, although work demands, resources and background characteristics were controlled for.

    Applications: The results add to the research field through the identification of compensatory and quality reducing strategies not previously described in the coping literature, as well as the risks associated with them. Applied in practice, the identified strategy clusters might help distinguish “risk behaviours” from more beneficial strategies. The results also point toward the importance of providing organizational structures that allow the employees to voice their opinions and critique, as well as to give and receive social support. 

  • 2.
    Astvik, Wanja
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Melin, Marika
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Coping with the imbalance between job demands and resources: A study of different coping patterns and implications for health and quality in human service work2013Ingår i: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 337-360Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent decades the public welfare sector has been subjected to major structural changes, and studies of various occupational groups within human service work have reported increased workload and a high prevalence of work-related stress. Using questionnaire data from a sample of human service workers within social work, child care and elderly care, the aim of this study was to identify different patterns of coping strategies to manage the imbalance between work demands and resources, and then to investigate their impact on outcomes in employee health and service quality. Findings: Cluster analysis identified three strategy profiles: compensatory and quality reducing, voice and support seeking and self-supporting, and the comparative analysis indicated that the compensatory and quality reducing cluster may be regarded as a risk group. Results of hierarchical regression analyses disclosed that the identified strategies affected health outcomes as well as perceived service quality. The use of compensatory and quality reducing strategies was negatively related to health and quality, although work demands, resources and background characteristics were controlled for. Applications: The results add to the research field through the identification of compensatory and quality reducing strategies not previously described in the coping literature, as well as the risks associated with them. Applied in practice, the identified strategy clusters might help distinguish risk behaviors' from more beneficial strategies. The results also point toward the importance of providing organizational structures that allow the employees to voice their opinions and critique, as well as to give and receive social support.

  • 3.
    Astvik, Wanja
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen. Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Welander, Jonas
    Hellgren, Johnny
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen.
    A comparative study of how social workers' voice and silence strategies relate to organisational resources, attitudes and well-being at work2020Ingår i: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296XArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study sets out to investigate the potential differences between social workers using voice- or silence strategies in their experience of organisational resources, attitudes and health, and whether social workers moving between strategies (voice or silence) over time have a different experience of the same outcomes than those who stay with the same strategy group. The participating social workers (n = 1356) responded to two web-based questionnaires over a one-year period. Findings The results show that voice strategies are related to the experience of more positive organisational resources, more positive attitudes (greater job satisfaction and organisational commitment, but lower intention to exit) and more positive health (greater recovery, but less emotional exhaustion and stress symptoms) than those using silence strategies. The results also show that moving from silence to voice is related to the experience of increased organisational resources, more positive attitudes and more positive health at T2, while those moving from voice to silence reported the opposite. Applications The longitudinal approach applied in this study adds empirical evidence of the relationship between voice/silence and work-related attitudes, as well as health and well-being. The close relationship between organisational resources, employee voice behaviour and related individual outcomes regarding attitudes and health imply that Human Resources (HR) management has a lot to gain by developing and securing a voice-friendly and considerate climate in their organisations.

  • 4.
    Blom, Björn
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Knowing or un-knowing?: that is the question in the era of evidence-based social work practice2009Ingår i: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 158-177Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary: A present trend in social work is the focus on evidence-based knowledge. This kind of knowledge does fill a purpose, but is not sufficient on its own. The article argues that social workers need a complement to knowing, and this approach could be conceptualized as un-knowing. In this article, a theory of un-knowing for social work practice is outlined. This implies a theoretical scrutiny of knowing and un-knowing and a discussion of how it can be used in practice. Moreover, the article presents findings from an empirical study of social work students who describe their usage of different forms of knowledge reflexively.

    Findings: The article presents the results of a study in which social work students' usage of different forms of knowledge in their field studies was examined. The results demonstrate that social work students use different forms of knowledge in practice, and un-knowing is one of the actively used forms. Women tend to use un-knowing somewhat more than men.

    Applications : The article is a contribution to the ongoing debate on evidence-based practice in social work. It is argued that it is important to teach social work students to understand un-knowing in theory and to use it in practice, and in combination with other forms of knowledge in social work.

  • 5.
    Blom, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Morén, Stefan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Explaining social work practice: The CAIMeR theory2010Ingår i: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 98-119Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 6.
    Engström, Christer
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Social workers´ ability to assess how clients experience investigation sessions - with and without the ASI2009Ingår i: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 9, nr 3, s. 309-321Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary: Two groups of social workers (n = 19, n = 13)carried out two different forms of assessment session, one involvingan ASI (Addiction Severity Index) interview (n = 40) and onewithout (n = 43). After the sessions the social workers wererequested to assess both the clients' experience and their ownexperience of the session. The clients also reported their ownexperience of the sessions.

    Findings: The results show that the social workers' assessmentof the clients' experience differs from the clients' own assessmentsregarding the sub-scales of alliance and the clients' senseof own competence. However, no difference was observed betweenthe social workers' assessment and the clients' negative experiencesof the sessions. The results show the importance of asking theclients for their views when testing new ways of working. Thiswill provide a more balanced picture as social workers are inclinedto perceive the negative aspects and misjudge other experiences.The two different forms of session, with or without the ASI,did not affect the social workers' assessment of the clients'experience of the sessions.

    Applications : Testing of new methods of working in socialwork.

  • 7.
    Eriksson, Lisbeth
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    The understandings of social pedagogy from norhern European perspectives2014Ingår i: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 165-182Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary: This study examines understandings of social pedagogy. Interviews were conducted with nine social pedagogical researchers from Northern Europe. The interviewees were selected as representatives of their cultural and professional context and provided insight into their countries’ social pedagogical discourses. The interviewees were asked to talk about their understandings of social pedagogy from both theoretical and practical perspectives.                 

    Findings: The empirical data were divided into two discourses; the universalistic and the particularistic. In the interview statements it was evident that interviewees leaned towards one of the two discourses as a starting point for their understanding of social pedagogy. However, the way the two discourses were combined varied among the interviewees. In further analysis, three models were constructed, which can be regarded as ideal types. These models shows that social pedagogical way of thinking extend from an individualistic, adaptive, starting point through a democratic approach to a mobilising collective approach.                 

    Application: These models can be seen as an important contribution to understanding of social pedagogy that illustrate three different ways of understanding social pedagogy from northern European perspectives. The models elucidate the complexity embedded in the concept, but can also be used to facilitate analyses and interpretations of various social pedagogical activities. This findings has implications for how education in the field is constructed and implemented. Social pedagogy may not be definable in a simple way, but it can nevertheless be understood and described by the models constructed in this study.

  • 8.
    Forkby, Torbjörn
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Höjer, Staffan
    University of Gothenburg.
    Liljegren, Andreas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Questions of control in child protection decision making: Laypersons’ monitoring and governance in child protection committees in Sweden2015Ingår i: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 15, nr 5, s. 537-557Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, decision making in child protection is heavily dependent on laypersons appointed to municipal child protection committees (CPCs). These laypersons have the power to decide upon proposals coming from professionals. Members of the committees are appointed from among their political party’s members. In the committee, they are supposed to act as judicious laypersons equipped with sound judgement. In this study, 31 committee meetings in three municipalities were followed using observational techniques and audio recordings. The appointed CPC members’ decision-making processes and communicative strategies to influence social work practice were analysed.

  • 9.
    Hanberger, Anders
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för tillämpad utbildningsvetenskap, Centrum för utvärderingsforskning (UCER).
    Lindgren, Lena
    Förvaltningshögskolan, Göteborgs universitet.
    Evaluation systems in local eldercare governance2019Ingår i: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 19, nr 2, s. 233-252Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how three evaluation systems in eldercare governance, two national and one local, operate and interact at the municipal, administrative, and service levels in a Swedish municipality. The case study focuses on the three systems’ contributions to accountability and to improving eldercare quality. It is based on multiple sources, including 28 interviews with local key actors involved in local eldercare governance, and the results derive from a directed content analysis guided by four research questions.

    The study demonstrates that the three evaluation systems support accountability and quality improvement in different ways and have different consequences for local actors. The systems create multiple accountability problems and have multiple constitutive effects, for example, creating different notions of what quality in eldercare means. The systems’ contributions to improving eldercare quality differed: the net effect of the two national systems was negative, whereas the local system has helped improve eldercare quality without any identified negative effects so far.

    The article broadens our theoretical understanding and knowledge of regulatory mechanisms in eldercare governance. It has significance for eldercare policy by finding that policymakers and service providers must be aware of and manage multiple evaluation systems and accountability problems. Its implication for eldercare practice is that local actors must build evaluation capacity to manage existing evaluation systems in order to improve their own practices.

  • 10.
    Hessle, Sven
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Social Work and Child Welfare Politics through Nordic Lenses2011Ingår i: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 11, nr 4, s. 440-441Artikel, recension (Refereegranskat)
  • 11.
    Kaime-Atterhög, Wanjiku
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Persson, Lars-Åke
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    Ahlberg, Beth Maina
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    “With An Open Heart We Receive the Children”: Caregivers’ strategies for reaching and caring for street children in Kenya2017Ingår i: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 17, nr 5, s. 579-598Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary:

    The aim of the study was to explore how caregivers reach out and care for street children and understand their strategies and implication for outreach to the children, removal from the streets, rehabilitation and reintegration into society..  Data was collected over a period of two years using a semi-structured topic guide from seventy caregivers in 35 organisations in Kenya, identified using the snowball sampling strategy. Information generated was discussed with street children to help modify the interview and observation guides. To record interactions between the children and their caregivers, direct observation, video recording and photography were used at the caregivers’ workplaces on the streets and at institutions of care.

    Findings:

    Two themes were developed from the data, namely, the dedicated caregiver confronting street realities; and making a difference despite the limitations. The way caregivers interacted with the children on the streets and in the institutions greatly influenced the children’s decision to leave the streets, to be initiated into residential care, and attend rehabilitation and reintegration programmes. Children were more positive to caregivers who took time to understand them and were soft in establishing rapport with them.

    Application:

    The results suggest that caregivers’ strategies are potential contributors to declining trends of the street children phenomenon as they influence the children’s decision to leave the streets and undergo rehabilitation at institutions of care. Thus, we recommend the development of educational efforts focusing on helping caregivers develop healthy relationships and positive interactions with the children.

  • 12.
    Karnström, Susanne
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Sciences, Sweden.
    Hedberg, Berit
    Jönköping University, School of Health Sciences, Sweden.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Jönköping University, School of Health Sciences, Sweden.
    The dual faces of service user participation: Implications for empowerment processes in interprofessional practice2012Ingår i: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 13, nr 3, s. 287-307Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary: This article reports on an empirical research study exploring and describingvariations in how front-line practitioners perceive service user participation (SUP),specifically in interprofessional practice. The settings comprised three Swedish healthand social care organizations where the professionals worked in interprofessionalteams: a program for chronic pain rehabilitation, a program for surgical treatment ofobesity, and a short-term municipal home for older adults. The qualitative study designwas informed by a phenomenographic approach and conducted as semi-structuredindividual interviews with 15 professionals representing nine professions, includingsocial work.

    Findings: The main findings show seven qualitative variations in understanding of SUP:1) inclusion in activities and social events, 2) obtaining guidance, 3) having self-determination and choice, 4) getting confirmation from and contact with professionals, 5)negotiating for adjustment, 6) personal responsibility through insight, and 7) circumstance surrounding SUP.

    Applications: The interprofessional dimensions discerned in the meaning attributed toSUP are mainly described in terms of amplified opportunities for participation.An interesting aspect of the findings is that in all the variations of perceptions of SUP,there are potentials to reverse to their opposites, that is, paradoxes that can be termed‘the dual faces of service user participation’. These aspects stress the need for continuing reflection on practices among both front-line practitioners and managers in empowering and paternalistic processes and on constantly improving organizational andpolicy conditions to facilitate SUP

  • 13.
    Kvarnström, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för socialt arbete. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. SALVE (Socialt arbete, Livssammanhang, Välfärd). Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. Kvalitetsförbättring och ledarskap inom hälsa och välfärd.
    Hedberg, Berith
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för omvårdnad. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. Kvalitetsförbättring och ledarskap inom hälsa och välfärd.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. SALVE (Socialt arbete, Livssammanhang, Välfärd). Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för socialt arbete.
    The dual faces of service user participation: Implications for empowerment processes in interprofessional practice2013Ingår i: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 13, nr 3, s. 287-307Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary: This article reports on an empirical research study exploring and describing variations in how front-line practitioners perceive service user participation (SUP), specifically in interprofessional practice. The settings comprised three Swedish health and social care organizations where the professionals worked in interprofessional teams: a program for chronic pain rehabilitation, a program for surgical treatment of obesity, and a short-term municipal home for older adults. The qualitative study design was informed by a phenomenographic approach and conducted as semi-structured individual interviews with 15 professionals representing nine professions, including social work.

    Findings: The main findings show seven qualitative variations in understanding of SUP: 1) inclusion in activities and social events, 2) obtaining guidance, 3) having self-determination and choice, 4) getting confirmation from and contact with professionals, 5) negotiating for adjustment, 6) personal responsibility through insight, and 7) circumstance surrounding SUP.

    Applications: The interprofessional dimensions discerned in the meaning attributed to SUP are mainly described in terms of amplified opportunities for participation. An interesting aspect of the findings is that in all the variations of perceptions of SUP, there are potentials to reverse to their opposites, that is, paradoxes that can be termed ‘the dual faces of service user participation’. These aspects stress the need for continuing reflection on practices among both front-line practitioners and managers in empowering and paternalistic processes and on constantly improving organizational and policy conditions to facilitate SUP.

  • 14.
    Perlinski, Marek
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Blom, Björn
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Morén, Stefan
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Getting a sense of the client: working methods in the personal social services in Sweden2013Ingår i: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 13, nr 5, s. 508-532Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary: This article presents a study of working methods used by social workers within the personal social services (PSS), in their work with clients. The study is part of a larger research project with the aim of describing and analysing how specialized respectively integrated forms of organizations in the PSS condition social workers’ interventions and client effects (outcomes). The study was carried out in three Swedish municipalities with different organizational models. Two of those represent ‘extremes’ as they have pure specialized (divided in different types of units) respectively integrated (generic) organizations. The third municipality has chosen a middle way with an organization that combines aspects of the two other models. All social workers within the PSS in those three municipalities were included in the study.

    Findings: Our findings among other things show 1) that the use of unspecific methods dominates, 2) that several methods that are reported as specific are definitely not specific, 3) that specific methods often are used in free and unspecific ways, 4) that there seems to be a compensating movement (regarding use of methods) with the aim of evening out limitations in the formal PSS organizations, 5) that there are two relatively large groups of method users: ‘improvisers’ and ‘eclecticists’.

    Applications: Social workers consider their relationships to clients and the clients’ trust as much more important (in order to achieve results) than any particular method. The use of methods is mirroring the social workers’ readiness before, and planned adaptation to, different types of situations.

  • 15.
    Rehn, Malin
    et al.
    Umeå universitet.
    Kalman, Hildur
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Social work students’ reflections on challenges during field education2018Ingår i: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 18, nr 4, s. 451-467Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary: Field education is a key curriculum component in social work programmes. Students as well as researchers have identified this learning experience as central to the students’ transition to practice. This article reports on a qualitative study with the aim of analysing social work students’ narratives of their experiences during field education in order to elucidate their reasoning with regard to the challenges presented by unique clients and their contexts, along with their objectives set in the service user situation. The narratives of 23 social work students in Sweden describing a sum total of 46 problematic and unproblematic situations during field education were analysed, revealing circumstances that according to the students had either aggravated or facilitated professional action.

    Findings: The experiences of being overwhelmed by emotions and of having too much latitude in the interpretation of principles and guidelines were experienced as aggravating circumstances, whereas having knowledge of legislation and clear guidelines to follow was experienced as facilitating client interaction and as providing a sense of security with the professional role. The analysis also revealed differing levels and scope of ambition with regard to the objectives set in the service user situation.

    Applications: Our results demonstrate the importance of furthering students’ articulation of and active reflection on their interpretation of guidelines and legislation, and on their own setting of objectives specific to the individual cases and on how these objectives relate to the value base of social work.

  • 16.
    Rexvid, Devin
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Evertsson, Lars
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Forssén, Annika
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.
    Nygren, Lennart
    The precarious character of routine practice in social and primary health care2015Ingår i: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 317-336Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary: This article presents a description and analysis of the written narratives of problematic situations given by social workers and general practitioners (GPs) within the framework of the sociology of professions and organisations. The narratives were collected from 28 social workers and 24 GPs, working in several Swedish counties.

    Findings: Our findings show that the professionals rarely described lack of knowledge or difficulties choosing the right intervention or treatment as problematic. Rather, the problematic situations contained encounters with clients perceived as disruptive to professional routine practice. We conclude that there were three different types of problematic situations where the professional routine practice was disrupted: (1) Situations related to ‘client-making work’, where the professionals perceived it difficult to, e.g., gather enough information about the client to make a diagnosis, set a timetable or decide on adequate interventions; (2) Situations related to ‘wicked work’, where the professionals experienced clients unable to articulate their problems or understand and follow the interventions suggested by the professionals; (3) Situations related to ‘dirty work’ were only present in GPs’ narratives and typically occurred when GPs perceived that they were dealing with clients who endangered their profes- sional status. 

    Applications: Contrary to previous studies, this study indicates that problematic situ- ations are not necessarily connected with traits and characteristic of the client or a lack of professional competence. Instead, they might be connected to situations where professional routine practice is disrupted. Furthermore, it is questionable to what extent problematic situations connected to such disruption can be managed by evi- dence-based methods, manualisation and standardisation. 

  • 17.
    Schirmer, Werner
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Socialt arbete. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Ghent University, Belgium .
    Michailakis, Dimitris
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Socialt arbete. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    The Luhmannian approach to exclusion/inclusion and its relevance to Social Work2015Ingår i: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 15, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary: Although the concept of social exclusion is central to the academic discipline of social work, there is not much theoretical clarity about what it actually means. For instance, exclusion is used as a synonym for poverty, marginalization, detachment, unemployment, or solitude. We argue that the systems-theoretical framework developed by the German social theorist Niklas Luhmann (1927–1997) provides the conceptual tools to understand inclusion and exclusion in a theoretically adequate way that is highly relevant to Social Work.                 

    Since there is scarcely any literature on Luhmann's work in the field of social work not written in German, this article aims to provide a systematic introduction to the Luhmannian theory of society with respect to the distinction of inclusion/exclusion and its relation to social work to an English-speaking audience.

    Findings: After a presentation of some basic concepts, it will be argued that exclusion is not a problem per se nor is inclusion always and per se unproblematic. The Luhmannian approach suggests that inclusion and exclusion are operations of social systems that treat human beings as relevant addresses for communication. Against that background, systems theory gives a clear and accurate description of what social work can (and cannot) do in terms of inclusion/exclusion.                 

    Applications: The main purpose of social work is exclusion management. Exclusion management involves working on the social addresses of individuals with the aim of improving their attractiveness for other social systems, a (re)orientation towards being includable. It appears in three forms: exclusion prevention, inclusion mediation, and exclusion administration.

  • 18.
    von Greiff, Ninive
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Skogens, Lisa
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Positive processes of change among male and female clients treated for alcohol and/or drug problems2017Ingår i: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 186-206Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary

    In social work practice, the role of substance use is often encountered in the context of other social problems such as child abuse and domestic violence. This article compares descriptions of important factors for initiating and maintaining positive changes among male and female clients treated for alcohol and/or drug problems. The results have a bearing both on substance use treatment and on other areas in social work practice where these problems are encountered. Studies highlighting gender perspective indicate differences regarding experience of alcohol and drug problems and treatment. An advantage of the study is the qualitative analysis of a rather comprehensive material (n = 90) enabling more general conclusions than in previous research with a limited number of clients.

    Findings

    Women more often than men stress poor mental health and their children as important for initiating change. When referring to partners, women report abusive rather than supportive partners while the opposite applies to men. For maintaining change, male clients more often stress changes in ways of thinking and feeling as important. Men also report becoming more sensitive while women get more active. This can be understood as transcending of gender with possibilities of a broader repertoire of how to act.

    Applications

    A challenge for practical treatment work is to create possibilities for clients to broaden their repertoire of ways of living and thinking about themselves, expressed by women as the importance of taking space and speaking up and by the men of showing emotion and listening more.

  • 19.
    Wallander, Lisa
    Malmö högskola, Fakulteten för hälsa och samhälle (HS), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Measuring Social Workers' Judgements: Why and How to Use the Factorial Survey Approach in the Study of Professional Judgements2012Ingår i: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 12, nr 4, s. 364-384Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary: The factorial survey approach, which was first introduced in the social sciences around the beginning of the 1980s, constitutes an advanced method for measuring human judgements of people or social situations. At the general level, this quasi-experimental approach involves presenting respondents with vignettes (fictive descriptions), in which selected characteristics describing the vignette ‘person’ or ‘situation’ are simultaneously manipulated. The aim of this article is to present a conceptual and an analytical framework for factorial survey studies of professional judgements in social work. Findings: In the first part of the article, I develop and discuss the proposition that this approach may be used in order to study the contents of professional judgements about the diagnosis and treatment of clients. The ‘contents’ is discussed in terms of knowledge assumptions that practitioners explicitly and tacitly use as a basis for their professional judgements. Second, I outline a strategy for modelling social workers’ judgements. This modelling strategy proceeds from the possibilities afforded by multilevel regression analysis. Applications: Findings from analyses of factorial survey data may reveal both professional agreement and disagreement in practitioners’ judgements. While results that reveal high levels of disagreement in judgements about what constitutes a particular diagnosis or about which intervention is the most suitable for a particular client may raise questions as regards the ‘professionalism’ of practitioners’ judgements, results that reveal professional agreement in diagnostic and treatment assumptions may be transformed into hypotheses that can be tested further in research.

  • 20.
    Øverlien, Carolina
    Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies, Norway.
    Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: Conclusions from the Literature and Challenges Ahead2010Ingår i: Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1468-0173, E-ISSN 1741-296X, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 80-97Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary: This article examines and discusses the research field of children exposed to domestic violence, a field which has greatly expanded during the last 10 years. The author presents an overview of this research, discusses its implications, and describes future challenges and contemporary knowledge gaps.

    Findings: The author argues that the field is dominated by studies that a) are quantitative, b) use the mothers as the informant and c) are represented by traditional psychology and social medicine, rather than social work. These studies have found substantial support for the negative emotional and behavioral consequences that children exposed to domestic violence suffer. However, many questions and problems remain unanswered. These questions include both the research field itself and the need for new approaches such as qualitative research including the voice of the child, longitudinal studies, and questions regarding methodology and research ethics.

    Applications: The author argues that there is a need for more qualitative research in general and social work research in particular. The implications for social work practice and policy are discussed.

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