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  • 1. Alghadir, Ahmad
    et al.
    Aly, Farag
    Zafar, Hamayun
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för odontologi, Klinisk oral fysiologi.
    Sex-Based Differences in Lung Functions of Saudi Adults2012Inngår i: Journal of Physical Therapy Science, ISSN 0915-5287, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 5-9Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    [Background] Sex-based differences in lung function are known. [Purpose] To investigate sex-based differences in ventilatory function among Saudi adults, anti to relate it to their level of physical activity. [Subjects and Methods] Seventy healthy Saudi adult subjects (35 males and 35 females) participated in this study. Measurements of forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEVI). FEVI/FVC%, and maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV) were made. In addition, physical activity scores (MET-minutes/week) were measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). [Results] The studied parameters were significantly higher for males than for females. The female values were significantly lower even after the male values were adjusted to compensate for gender-based anatomical and physiological differences in lung capacity. The MET-minutes/week was significantly higher for males than for females, but it was not significantly correlated with the pulmonary function parameters of either gender. [Conclusions] There are sex-based differences in lung function parameters of Saudi adults, with higher values for males. This difference in lung function tests between the genders is greater than the known anatomical and physiological differences in the respiratory systems of males and females. Saudi males are more physically active than females but no significant correlation between pulmonary function parameters and physical activity score was found for either gender.

  • 2. Alghadir, Ahmad
    et al.
    Zafar, Hamayun
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för odontologi.
    Iqbal, Zaheen A.
    Work-related musculoskeletal disorders among dental professionals in Saudi Arabia2015Inngår i: Journal of Physical Therapy Science, ISSN 0915-5287, Vol. 27, nr 4, s. 1107-1112Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    [Purpose] Musculoskeletal disorders are common causes of work-related disability in different professions involving the frequent practice of lifting, stooping, twisting, prolonged sitting, or standing. The dental profession is one such profession. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among dental professionals in Saudi Arabia, the factors associated with them, and their consequences and to propose preventive measures for them.

    [Subjects and Methods] A self-administered online questionnaire was sent to 225 members of the Saudi Dental Association. It included questions on demographic and professional characteristics, general medical history, and history of work-related musculoskeletal disorders before and after joining the dental profession.

    [Results] The questionnaire was completed by 65% of the respondents. Among them 85% reported that they had developed some pain due to work after joining the dental profession, and 42% reported that they were suffering pain at the time of the survey. Besides lower back, shoulder, and neck regions, the hands, upper back, and other regions like the elbows, buttocks, thighs, leg, and feet were areas in which they pain.

    [Conclusion] The prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among dental professionals in Saudi Arabia is high, affecting their daily activities, sometimes even forcing them to change their work setting. Age, gender, specialty of work, work setting, number of contact hours with patients, etc., were all found to be related to their work-related pain. We need to emphasize the role of ergonomics, counseling, proper techniques of patient handling, etc., during the training of dental professionals so that they can work efficiently.

  • 3. Alghadir, Ahmad
    et al.
    Zafar, Hamayun
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för odontologi. King Saud Univ, Coll Appl Med Sci, Dept Rehabil Sci, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    Iqbal, Zaheen Ahmed
    Anwer, Shahnawaz
    Physical therapy education in Saudi Arabia2015Inngår i: Journal of Physical Therapy Science, ISSN 0915-5287, Vol. 27, nr 5, s. 1621-1623Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    [Purpose] To review the physical therapy educational program model, professional curriculum, and gender representation at major universities, as well as the quality and scope of physical therapy practice in Saudi Arabia. [Methods] Information regarding course curriculum, gender representation, and the quality and scope of physical therapy practice was collected from six universities in Saudi Arabia, the Saudi Physical Therapy Association, and the Saudi Health Commission. [Results] The first bachelor's degree course of physical therapy was started in Saudi Arabia more than 30 years ago. In the last 10 years, the number of universities offering a bachelor's degree in physical therapy has risen from 6 to 16, of which 14 are governmental and two are private. The 5- to 6 year bachelor's degree program in physiotherapy includes an internship and preparatory prerequisite courses. Postgraduate study in physical therapy was introduced in 2000. Most universities offer segregated physical therapy courses for male and female students. [Conclusion] The enrollment of students in physical therapy programs in Saudi Arabia is gradually increasing. There are many opportunities to extend the scope of practice and contribute to the health needs of the Arab population and international communities.

  • 4.
    Zafar, Hamayun
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för odontologi, Klinisk oral fysiologi. King Saud University, Saudi Arabia .
    Oluseye, Kamaldeen
    King Saud University, Saudi Arabia.
    Alghadir, Ahmad
    King Saud University, Saudi Arabia.
    Iqbal, Zaheen A.
    King Saud University, Saudi Arabia.
    Perception about the importance and use of therapeutic massage as a treatment modality among physical therapists working in Saudi Arabia2015Inngår i: Journal of Physical Therapy Science, ISSN 0915-5287, Vol. 27, nr 6, s. 1827-1831Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    [Purpose] To report perceptions about the importance and use of therapeutic massage as a treatment modality among physical therapists working in Saudi Arabia. [Subjects and Methods] A 21-item structured questionnaire was used to assess various domains including the demographic and professional characteristics of physical therapists and their perceptions about the importance and use of therapeutic massage in their daily practice. The questionnaire was uploaded online and the web link was sent to 140 members of the Saudi Physical Therapy Association (SPTA). [Results] The overall response rate was 86%. Among the respondents, 31% reported occasional use of therapeutic massage in their clinical practice, and 55% reported to have received formal training for therapeutic massage. Use of therapeutic massage was more common among female physical therapists. [Conclusion] Many physical therapists working in Saudi Arabia consider therapeutic massage to be an important treatment modality, but its use is relatively limited, either due to the time and effort required to dispense it, or the lack of scientific evidence for its efficacy.

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