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  • 1.
    Adaba, Godfried Bakiyem
    et al.
    Birkbeck, University of London, , Department of Computer Science and Information Systems.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    E-trade Facilitation in Ghana: a Capability Approach Perspective2014Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 63, nr 5, 1-13 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 2.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    A Conceptual Framework for E-Learning in Developing Countries: A Critical Review of Research Challenges2009Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 38, nr 8, 1-16 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a critical review of research on challenges for e-learning with a particular focus on developing countries. A comprehensive literature review including 60 papers on e-learning challenges was undertaken for the purpose of understanding how to implement e-learning in developing countries. Research questions were: what has existing research identified as the major challenges for e-learning, and, what differences, if any, are there between developing countries and developed countries in this respect? The literature study found 278 papers which were condensed to 60 based on exclusion and inclusion criteria designed to find papers of best quality as well as papers that clearly investigated well-defined challenges. The research found 30 specific challenges which were grouped into four categories, viz.: courses, individuals, technology and context. The overall conclusion is that these challenges are equally valid for both developed and developing countries; however in developing countries more papers focus on access to technology and context whereas in developed countries more papers concern individuals. A further finding is that most papers focus on one or two categories of challenges; few papers exhibit a comprehensive view. Because challenges are interrelated, based on the findings we propose a conceptual framework of emerging issues for e-learning in developed and developing countries. The framework is useful to guide both practice and research.

  • 3.
    Cunningham, Paul
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Cunningham, Miriam
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Ekenberg, Love
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Factors Impacting on the Current Level of Open Innovation and ICT Entrepreneurship in Africa2016Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, E-ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 73Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Across Africa, Innovation and ICT entrepreneurship are increasingly recognised as important enablers of national and regional socio-economic growth. However, the level of skills capacity, indigenous entrepreneurial expertise and policy support varies considerably. This research study was informed by a semi-structured, moderated focus group involving five public and four education and research stakeholders from eight African Member States. It focused on identifying factors impacting on the current level of open innovation and ICT entrepreneurship in Africa. Organised in Lilongwe, Malawi on 08 May 2015 during IST-Africa Week 2015, a purposive approach was applied to identify the nine informants based on intensity sampling. The results highlighted six main factors: a) level of political will reflected by resource prioritisation; b) alignment with national development plans and associated funding priorities; c) level of understanding of strategic benefits by ministers and senior civil servants; d) level of awareness and sensitization of the general public, e) availability of national innovation and entrepreneurial expertise; and f) willingness and capacity to cooperate with other stakeholders to achieve common goals. Future research will capture perspectives from the private, societal and international donor sectors, and create and validate potential models/methodologies to address the challenges and opportunities identified in this study.

  • 4.
    Grönlund, Åke
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Wakabi, Wairagala
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Citizens’ use of new media in authoritarian regimes: A case study of Uganda2015Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, E-ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 67, nr 1, 1-23 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    By subsidizing the costs of civic participation, the use of the Internet is believed to stimulate participation but there are fears that intensive Internet use causes withdrawal from public life. This paper investigates the connection between the way individuals participate online and offline in authoritarian, low-income regimes, and the nature of eParticipation among citizens in authoritarian regimes such as Uganda. Based on personal interviews with 116 Internet users, the study found that common drivers of eParticipation, such as low cost, security and anonymity are hard to transplant into the offline world for citizens of authoritarian states such as Uganda. Perceived risks of retribution and intimidation for expressing a particular opinion or supporting a political cause mean that citizen-to-citizen participation is the predominant form but still at low levels, while citizen-to-government participation is negligible.

  • 5. Hallberg, David
    et al.
    Hansson, Henrik
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Constrains of ICT in Lifelong Learning on Disadvantaged Women2014Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 61, nr 8, 1-14 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper draws attention to the urgency of taking into consideration women’s gender-specific needs and interests in the implementation of community-based ICT projects in lifelong learning. We set out this research to understand the constraints of information and communications technology (ICT) in lifelong learning on disadvantaged women. National statistics and data from field studies were used. The constraints and their consequences at national level are often a result of national policies and regulations – or lack thereof – while the constraints and their consequences at local/regional level involve everyday-life occurrences that are present in women's immediate surroundings. Hence, an understanding of both levels is critical. This research is valuable for stakeholders delving into issues of development intervention using ICTs, not only in Kenya but in a broader, global perspective.

  • 6.
    Hallberg, David
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Hansson, Henrik
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Constrains of ICT in Lifelong Learning on Disadvantaged Women2014Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 61, nr 8, 1-14 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper draws attention to the urgency of taking into consideration women’s gender-specific needs and interests in the implementation of community-based ICT projects in lifelong learning. We set out this research to understand the constraints of information and communications technology (ICT) in lifelong learning on disadvantaged women. National statistics and data from field studies were used. The constraints and their consequences at national level are often a result of national policies and regulations – or lack thereof – while the constraints and their consequences at local/regional level involve everyday-life occurrences that are present in women's immediate surroundings. Hence, an understanding of both levels is critical. This research is valuable for stakeholders delving into issues of development intervention using ICTs, not only in Kenya but in a broader, global perspective.

  • 7.
    Hallberg, David
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Hansson, Henrik
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Constraints of ICT in lifelong learning on disadvantaged women2014Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 61, nr 8, 1-14 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper draws attention to the urgency of taking into consideration women’s genderspecific needs and interests in the implementation of community-based ICT projects in lifelong learning. We set out this research to understand the constraints of information and communications technology (ICT) in lifelong learning on disadvantaged women. National statistics and data from field studies were used. The constraints and their consequences at national level are often a result of national policies and regulations – or lack thereof – while the constraints and their consequences at local/regional level involve everyday-life occurrences that are present in women's immediate surroundings. Hence, an understanding of both levels is critical. This research is valuable for stakeholders delving into issues of development intervention using ICTs, not only in Kenya but in a broader, global perspective.

  • 8.
    Hassen, Yasin Ali
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Svensson, Ann
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    The Role of ICT for the Growth of Small Enterprises in Ethiopia2014Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 65, nr 1, 1-20 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Small enterprises strive to survive and grow in the business they are involved. They make efforts to utilize different resources and technologies available to this end as long as it is affordable and productive. Information Communication Technology or e-commerce are among those technologies that take the front line. This paper aims to define an adoption level of e-commerce in small Ethiopian enterprises and show that their business requirements and perceived benefits of e-commerce are related to business growth. It takes five small enterprises involved in import and export business to perform case study research on the issue and examines their utilization level of the technology. The findings show that small enterprises in the country have low levels of e-commerce utilization due to: (1) the scarcity of infrastructure development and expertise in the area, and (2) barriers created by government policy and bank regulations. However, this study found good understanding of the business opportunities and benefits that could be exploited from e-commerce.

  • 9.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik. Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Build it and they will come?: Inhibiting factors for reuse of open content in developing countries2009Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, E-ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 37, nr 5, 1-16 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Open content has the potential to change the playing field when it comes to every individual’s right to education. Development of new course content is both expensive and time consuming and open content can help educational organizations to deal with these problems by offering free-to-use educational resources. Despite the benefits of open content the usage is very low in developing countries and understanding why content developers choose not to use open content is the first step towards finding a solution to the problem. Which inhibiting factors for reuse do content developers in developing countries experience with open content? To answer the question interviews, questionnaires and observations have been made with content developers from Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and from UNESCO Open Training Platform. Findings show that many of the inhibiting factors with reuse of open content do not necessarily relate to the actual content. Educational rules and regulations, lack of infrastructure, teaching practices and traditions etc. are major obstacles that need to be overcome if the usage of open content should increase.

  • 10.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Build it and they will come?: Inhibiting factors for reuse of open content in developing countries2009Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 37, nr 5, 1-16 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Open content has the potential to change the playing field when it comes to every individual’s right to education. Development of new course content is both expensive and time consuming and open content can help educational organizations to deal with these problems by offering free-to-use educational resources. Despite the benefits of open content the usage is very low in developing countries and understanding why content developers choose not to use open content is the first step towards finding a solution to the problem. Which inhibiting factors for reuse do content developers in developing countries experience with open content? To answer the question interviews, questionnaires and observations have been made with content developers from Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and from UNESCO Open Training Platform. Findings show that many of the inhibiting factors with reuse of open content do not necessarily relate to the actual content. Educational rules and regulations, lack of infrastructure, teaching practices and traditions etc. are major obstacles that need to be overcome if the usage of open content should increase.

  • 11.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Ater, Sarah
    CORDIO East Africa, Kenya .
    Obura, David
    CORDIO East Africa, Kenya .
    Mibei, Brigid
    CORDIO East Africa, Kenya .
    Capability outcomes from educational and ICT capability inputs: an analysis of ICT use in informal education in Kenya2014Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 61, nr 1, 1-17 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the field of Information and Communication Technologies for Development (ICT4D) ICT use in education is well studied. Education is often seen as a pre-requisite for development and ICTs are believed to aid in education, e.g. to make it more accessible and to increase its quality. In this paper we study the access and use of ICT in a study circle (SC) education program in the south coast of Kenya. The study is qualitative reporting results based on interviews and observations with SC participants, government officers and SC coordinators and teachers. The study builds on the capability approach perspective of development where individuals’ opportunities and ability to live a life that they value are focused. The aim of the study is to investigate the capability outcomes enabled through the capability inputs access and use of ICT in education as well as the factors that enabled and/or restricted the outcomes. Findings show that many opportunities have been enabled such as an increase in the ability to generate an income, learning benefits, community development and basic human development (e.g. literacy and self-confidence). However, conversion factors such as a poorly developed infrastructure and poor IT literacy prevent many of the individuals from taking full advantage of the ICT and the opportunities it enables. 

  • 12.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Informatik. Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Ater, Sarah
    CORDIO East Africa, Kenya .
    Obura, David
    CORDIO East Africa, Kenya .
    Mibei, Brigid
    CORDIO East Africa, Kenya .
    Capability outcomes from educational and ICT capability inputs: an analysis of ICT use in informal education in Kenya2014Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, E-ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 61, nr 1, 1-17 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the field of Information and Communication Technologies for Development (ICT4D) ICT use in education is well studied. Education is often seen as a pre-requisite for development and ICTs are believed to aid in education, e.g. to make it more accessible and to increase its quality. In this paper we study the access and use of ICT in a study circle (SC) education program in the south coast of Kenya. The study is qualitative reporting results based on interviews and observations with SC participants, government officers and SC coordinators and teachers. The study builds on the capability approach perspective of development where individuals’ opportunities and ability to live a life that they value are focused. The aim of the study is to investigate the capability outcomes enabled through the capability inputs access and use of ICT in education as well as the factors that enabled and/or restricted the outcomes. Findings show that many opportunities have been enabled such as an increase in the ability to generate an income, learning benefits, community development and basic human development (e.g. literacy and self-confidence). However, conversion factors such as a poorly developed infrastructure and poor IT literacy prevent many of the individuals from taking full advantage of the ICT and the opportunities it enables. 

  • 13.
    Jobe, William Byron
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Olof Hansson, Per
    Putting a MOOC for Human Rights in the Hands of Kenyans: THe Haki Zangu Case for Non-Formal Learning2014Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 65, nr 3, 1-17 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The research goal of this project was to explore the use and effects of non-formal education and incentives in the context of a developing country. The practical aim of this project was to create, implement, and evaluate a platform about human rights that was available to any Kenyan for free in order to increase knowledge and engagement. Therefore, a non-formal massive open online course (MOOC) about human rights was designed and launched. The course was free and open to anyone in Kenya and offered both a digital badge and certificate from Stockholm University in Sweden upon completion. The course was called Haki Zangu (Kiswahili for “My Rights”), and it explored how using incentives such as a digital badge and certificate of completion affected learning outcomes. This course offered ubiquitous access based on principles of responsive web design and used audio recordings of the entire course content. The course is perpetual and still on-going, but after six months there were 160 participants who had enrolled, and ten participants had completed the course and received certificates and digital badges. The participants showed extensive enthusiasm and engagement for human rights issues, and they expressed desires to learn more and further spread knowledge about human rights. The current findings suggest that the availability of digital badges and certificates increased interest for participation and positively affected learning outcomes. Moreover, the use of a Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) format with incentives proved successful, combined with the contextualization and accessibility of the course content. Furthermore, the technical platform proved adequate for disseminating education for free in a developing country, and allowed for unencumbered access regardless of device. Lastly, a key challenge for future non-formal learning efforts in developing countries is the cost of Internet access.

  • 14.
    Jobe, William
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Hansson, Per-Olof
    Linköping University.
    Putting a MOOC for Human Rights in the Hands of Kenyans: The Haki Zangu Case for Non-Formal Learning2014Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 65, nr 3, 1-17 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The research goal of this project was to explore the use and effects of non-formal education and incentives in the context of a developing country. The practical aim of this project was to create, implement, and evaluate a platform about human rights that was available to any Kenyan for free in order to increase knowledge and engagement. Therefore, a non-formal massive open online course (MOOC) about human rights was designed and launched. The course was free and open to anyone in Kenya and offered both a digital badge and certificate from Stockholm University in Sweden upon completion. The course was called Haki Zangu (Kiswahili for "My Rights"), and it explored how using incentives such as a digital badge and certificate of completion affected learning outcomes. This course offered ubiquitous access based on principles of responsive web design and used audio recordings of the entire course content. The course is perpetual and still on-going, but after six months there were 160 participants who had enrolled, and ten participants had completed the course and received certificates and digital badges. The participants showed extensive enthusiasm and engagement for human rights issues, and they expressed desires to learn more and further spread knowledge about human rights. The current findings suggest that the availability of digital badges and certificates increased interest for participation and positively affected learning outcomes. Moreover, the use of a Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) format with incentives proved successful, combined with the contextualization and accessibility of the course content. Furthermore, the technical platform proved adequate for disseminating education for free in a developing country, and allowed for unencumbered access regardless of device. Lastly, a key challenge for future non-formal learning efforts in developing countries is the cost of Internet access.

  • 15.
    Kemppainen, Jyri
    et al.
    University of Eastern Finland, School of Computing.
    Mpogole, Hosea
    University of Iringa, .
    Tedre, Matti
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Chachage, Bukaza
    University of Iringa, .
    Validated Risk Identification Tool for ICT in International Development Co-operation Projects2014Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 64, nr 7, 1-26 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Literature shows that there are a number of different frameworks for managing international development co-operation (IDC) projects. Those frameworks have their own strengths and weaknesses and they vary from being highly abstract to relatively practical. However, none of the frameworks provide help in situations where IT professionals are incapable to identify potential project risks when entering a new project milieu. The situation is common in the context of IDC projects. For this purpose, Kemppainen, Tedre, Parvianen, and Sutinen (2012) designed a taxonomy-based risk identification tool. The tool addresses potential risks by 55 quantified yes/no-questions. The quantification specifies the significance of each issue to project success. The tool is aimed at guiding IT professionals, planners, donors, field staff, and other stakeholders to identify and mitigate potential threats that may materialize in an unfamiliar project context. The tool’s questions were designed based on the literature analysis, their classification into five groups was derived from Tedre et al. (2011), and their taxonomy based scoring was derived from the researchers’ own data. Hence, the tool lacked wider empirical evidence. This study validated the tool based on empirical data of a sample of 83 IT experts and IT department leaders from a number of organizations, institutes, universities and international development co-operation projects in Tanzania. The mode value of the Likert-scale questionnaire answers were used to adjust the question-scoring scheme, and reliability analysis were conducted for testing internal consistency of the question groups’ questions. Systematic reorganization of the questions with reliability analysis and content considerations led to three distinct question groups instead of the five original ones. In addition, two of the original questions were combined together due to their similarity. Hence, the validated risk identification tool contains three question groups, namely; Institutional, Societal, and Technical characteristics, including totally 54 quantified questions. Those three question groups determine the risk level of the prospective project.

  • 16. Kemppainen, Jyri
    et al.
    Tedre, Matti
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Parviainen, Panu
    Sutinen, Erkki
    Risk Identification Tool for ICT in International Development Co-Operation Projects2012Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 55, nr 3, 1-26 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Various stakeholders in international development co-operation projects have presented frameworks for managing those projects. Each framework has different strengths and weaknesses, and they vary from highly abstract to relatively practical. However, none of those frameworks pays attention to situations where professionals are unable to identify possible risk sources due to insufficient information about the project milieu. Yet, such situations are common in international development co-operation projects where information technology (IT) is involved, and where IT professionals have to operate in an unfamiliar project milieu. This article presents a risk identification tool that is aimed at assisting IT professionals and organizations to identify sources of challenges in international development co-operation projects, and to design appropriate countermeasures for overcoming risks before the project enters the implementation phase. Our tool does not replace project management frameworks or software, but when utilized appropriately, it guides preparation of IT professionals to face possible threats that originate from an unfamiliar project context, especially in international development co-operation.

  • 17. Kemppainen, Jyri
    et al.
    Tedre, Matti
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Sutinen, Erkki
    Development Projects and ICT: a Review of Non-Technical Aspects2014Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 63, 1-20 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of information and communication technology (ICT) in international development co-operation (IDC) is tightly linked with international political agenda. Currently, international development co-operation emphasizes three concepts: sustainable development, international human rights, and millennium development goals. This article presents to IT professionals six non-technical aspects for improving ICT oriented IDC projects. Firstly, those ICT projects should be aligned with internationally agreed political agenda. Secondly, they should cohere with internationally agreed development goals. Thirdly, their design should recognize the political and legal context of the host country. Fourthly, their design and implementation have to follow donor guidelines derived from commonly agreed good practices of IDC project management and design---even when the contextual design tools of ICT for development (ICT4D) research are of limited use with the structured design approaches of IDC. Fifthly, ICT oriented IDC projects should have appropriate indicators for their formative and summative evaluation. Sixthly, IT professionals should stay up-to-date with constantly developing ICT and evolving IDC. The presented non-technical aspects of IDC projects are derived from the central concepts and consensuses of IDC as well as from an analysis of the relevant literature, and the six aspects are reflected on our fourteen years of field work in IDC projects in the least developed countries of Sub-Saharan Africa. We argue that IT professionals are more competent for IDC projects when their technical expertise is complemented with the presented aspects.

  • 18.
    Khan, Sana Z.
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Shahid, Zahraa
    Hedström, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Andersson, Annika
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Hopes and fears in implementation of electronic health records in Bangladesh2012Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, E-ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 54, nr 8, 1-18 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Health is seen as a major key for development and many developing country governments invest in ICT-based Health Information Systems (HIS). The purpose of this paper is to explore physicians’ hopes and fears for implementing Electronic Health Record (EHR) systems in Bangladeshi hospitals. Data was collected through interviews and observations at two Bangladeshi hospitals. We found very little use of EHR systems at the hospitals and many physicians were skeptical of using EHR systems. Whereas this skepticism could be seen as a symptom of backward thinking our analysis found much of this skepticism to be reasonable. In this way this research contributes to the ongoing debate on how to implement HIS in developing countries. We articulate and analyze users’ concerns beyond mere “attitudes” and “acceptance”. Our results show that the fears and concerns on the hospital floors are legitimate and should be taken into consideration when HIS projects are initiated.

  • 19.
    Khan, Sana Z
    et al.
    Örebro universitet .
    Shahid, Zahraa
    Örebro universitet .
    Hedström, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, VITS - Laboratoriet för verksamhetsinriktad systemutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Andersson, Annika
    Örebro universitet.
    Hopes and fears in implementation of electronic health records in Bangladesh2012Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 54, nr 8, 1-18 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Health is seen as a major key for development and many developing country governments invest in ICT-based Health Information Systems (HIS). The purpose of this paper is to explore physicians’ hopes and fears for implementing Electronic Health Record (EHR) systems in Bangladeshi hospitals. Data was collected through interviews and observations at two Bangladeshi hospitals. We found very little use of EHR systems at the hospitals and many physicians were skeptical of using EHR systems. Whereas this skepticism could be seen as a symptom of backward thinking our analysis found much of this skepticism to be reasonable. In this way this research contributes to the ongoing debate on how to implement HIS in developing countries. We articulate and analyze users’ concerns beyond mere “attitudes” and “acceptance”. Our results show that the fears and concerns on the hospital floors are legitimate and should be taken into consideration when HIS projects are initiated. 

  • 20.
    Kivunike, Florence Nameere
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Ekenberg, Love
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis - IIASA.
    Mats, Danielson
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Tusubira, F. F.
    Using a Structured Approach to Evaluate ICT4D: Healthcare Delivery in Uganda2015Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 66, nr 8, 1-16 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a case from the healthcare delivery sector, we demonstrate how a structured evaluation approach can facilitate the measurement of actual ICT contributions in various contexts. Typically, such are intricate due to the complexities inherent in the environments, making it difficult to evaluate the relationship between ICT and the benefits it intends to achieve to a reasonable degree. The approach suggested in this paper tries to partly remedy some of these complications, by facilitating qualitative data elicitations, aggregation, analysis and evaluation. To make this computationally meaningful, a decision support tool for handling numerically imprecise information is used for the data analysis and evaluation details. The results of this indicate that such an approach makes at least some meaningful input for practitioners and policymakers. In comparison to the qualitative in-depth approaches this approach facilitates a one-point in time assessment, which is less resource intensive, but provides prompt and substantial insight on the development performance of ICT4D initiatives. A similar approach would also be applicable to different sectors, and can utilize a broader scope of criteria, as well as incorporate views from several categories of stakeholders.

  • 21.
    Morawczynski, Olga
    et al.
    University of Edinburgh.
    Ngwenyama, Ojelanki K.
    The Institute for Innovation and Technology Management, Ryerson University, Canada.
    Unraveling the Impact of Investments in ICT, Education and Health on Development: An Analysis of Archival Data of Five West African Countries Using Regression Splines2007Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 29, nr 5, 1-15 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    For more than a decade African nations have been investing in Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) as a strategy for fostering development. Under the auspices of international development agencies such as the United Nations (UN), and World Bank these nations have been constituting and implementing technology strategies that aim to bring ‘digital opportunities’ to all constituents—especially those who are impoverished and living in remote communities. These strategies have put new demands on national governments to invest both human and financial resources into the expansion of telecommunications infrastructure and the training of new users. Such investments, however, have received some scrutiny as some claim that developing nations should focus their limited financial resources on the improvement of education or healthcare. Others argue that these ICT investments are vital for development, but should be synergized with others such as education and healthcare. In this study we will employ Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines (MARS) to explore the interaction amongst investments in ICT, education and healthcare. We further analyze how each class of investments impacts human development measures in five West African nations: Benin, Cameroon, Senegal, Ivory Coast and Niger. With such an analysis we illustrate the interdependencies amongst the three classes of investments and conclude that investments in ICTs alone are not enough to significantly impact human development. Complementary investments in education and healthcare must be given equal consideration.

  • 22. Scholl, Jeremiah
    et al.
    Lindgren, Anders
    RISE., Swedish ICT, SICS, Decisions, Networks and Analytics lab.
    Considering Pigeons for Carrying Delay Tolerant Networking based Internet traffic in Developing Countries2012Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, E-ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 54, 1-19 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There are many regions in the developing world that suffer from poor infrastructure and lack of connection to the Internet and Public Switched Telephone Networks (PSTN). Delay Tolerant Networking (DTN) is a technology that has been advocated for providing store-and-forward network connectivity in these regions over the past few years. DTN often relies on human mobility in one form or another to support transportation of DTN data. This presents a socio-technical problem related to organizing how the data should be transported. In some situations the demand for DTN traffic can exceed that which is possible to support with human mobility, so alternative mechanisms are needed. In this paper we propose using live carrier pigeons (columba livia) to transport DTN data. Carrier pigeons have been used for transporting packets of information for a long time, but have not yet been seriously considered for transporting DTN traffic. We provide arguements that this mode of DTN data transport provides promise, and should receive attention from research and development projects. We provide an overview of pigeon characteristics to analyze the feasibility of using them for data transport, and present simulations of a DTN network that utilizes pigeon transport in order to provide an initial investigation into expected performance characteristics.

  • 23.
    Thapa, Devinder
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.
    Sæbø, Øystein
    Department of Information Systems, University of Agder.
    Exploring the Link between ICT and Development in the Context of Developing Countries: A Literature Review2014Ingår i: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, E-ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 64Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article contributes to the ongoing discussion on relating information and communication technology (ICT) to development (D). The quest to relate ICT to D is a topic of open deliberation and critical scrutiny in ICT4D research communities. To enhance the understanding in this regard, we conducted a literature review. The review examines 80 articles to identify various development theories and the role of technologies in the development process. While scanning the articles, Sen’s capability approach (CA) emerged as a suitable framework with which to explore the link between ICT and D. To show the relevance of the link, we used the CA as a guiding framework, and reanalyzed ten empirical case studies focusing on projects in remote and rural areas. Furthermore, the article suggests six gaps in the current research, and, accordingly, six areas for future research.

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