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  • 1. Aartsen, M. G.
    et al.
    Abbasi, R.
    Abdou, Y.
    Ackermann, M.
    Adams, J.
    Aguilar, J. A.
    Ahlers, M.
    Altmann, D.
    Auffenberg, J.
    Bai, X.
    Baker, M.
    Barwick, S. W.
    Baum, V.
    Bay, R.
    Beatty, J. J.
    Bechet, S.
    Tjus, J. B.
    Becker, K. H.
    Bell, M.
    Benabderrahmane, M. L.
    BenZvi, S.
    Berdermann, J.
    Berghaus, P.
    Berley, D.
    Bernardini, E.
    Bernhard, A.
    Bertrand, D.
    Besson, D. Z.
    Binder, G.
    Bindig, D.
    Bissok, M.
    Blaufuss, E.
    Blumenthal, J.
    Boersma, D. J.
    Bohaichuk, S.
    Bohm, C.
    Bose, D.
    Boser, S.
    Botner, O.
    Brayeur, L.
    Brown, A. M.
    Bruijn, R.
    Brunner, J.
    Buitink, S.
    Carson, M.
    Casey, J.
    Casier, M.
    Chirkin, D.
    Christy, B.
    Clark, K.
    Clevermann, F.
    Cohen, S.
    Cowen, D. F.
    Silva, A. H. C.
    Danninger, M.
    Daughhetee, J.
    Davis, J. C.
    De Clercq, C.
    De Ridder, S.
    Desiati, P.
    de With, M.
    DeYoung, T.
    Diaz-Velez, J. C.
    Dunkman, M.
    Eagan, R.
    Eberhardt, B.
    Eisch, J.
    Ellsworth, R. W.
    Euler, S.
    Evenson, P. A.
    Fadiran, O.
    Fazely, A. R.
    Fedynitch, A.
    Feintzeig, J.
    Feusels, T.
    Filimonov, K.
    Finley, C.
    Fischer-Wasels, T.
    Flis, S.
    Franckowiak, A.
    Franke, R.
    Frantzen, K.
    Fuchs, T.
    Gaisser, T. K.
    Gallagher, J.
    Gerhardt, L.
    Gladstone, L.
    Glusenkamp, T.
    Goldschmidt, A.
    Golup, G.
    Goodman, J. A.
    Gora, D.
    Grant, D.
    Gross, A.
    Gurtner, M.
    Ha, C.
    Ismail, A. H.
    Hallgren, A.
    Halzen, F.
    Hanson, K.
    Heereman, D.
    Heimann, P.
    Heinen, D.
    Helbing, K.
    Hellauer, R.
    Hickford, S.
    Hill, G. C.
    Hoffman, K. D.
    Hoffmann, R.
    Homeier, A.
    Hoshina, K.
    Huelsnitz, W.
    Hulth, P. O.
    Hultqvist, K.
    Hussain, S.
    Ishihara, A.
    Jacobi, E.
    Jacobsen, J.
    Japaridze, G. S.
    Jero, K.
    Jlelati, O.
    Kaminsky, B.
    Kappes, A.
    Karg, T.
    Karle, A.
    Kelley, J. L.
    Kiryluk, J.
    Kislat, F.
    Klas, J.
    Klein, S. R.
    Kohne, J. H.
    Kohnen, G.
    Kolanoski, H.
    Kopke, L.
    Kopper, C.
    Kopper, S.
    Koskinen, D. J.
    Kowalski, M.
    Krasberg, M.
    Kroll, G.
    Kunnen, J.
    Kurahashi, N.
    Kuwabara, T.
    Labare, M.
    Landsman, H.
    Larson, M. J.
    Lesiak-Bzdak, M.
    Leute, J.
    Lunemann, J.
    Madsen, J.
    Maruyama, R.
    Mase, K.
    Matis, H. S.
    McNally, F.
    Meagher, K.
    Merck, M.
    Meszaros, P.
    Meures, T.
    Miarecki, S.
    Middell, E.
    Milke, N.
    Miller, J.
    Mohrmann, L.
    Montaruli, T.
    Morse, R.
    Nahnhauer, R.
    Naumann, U.
    Niederhausen, H.
    Nowicki, S. C.
    Nygren, D. R.
    Obertacke, A.
    Odrowski, S.
    Olivas, A.
    Olivo, M.
    O'Murchadha, A.
    Paul, L.
    Pepper, J. A.
    de los Heros, C. P.
    Pfendner, C.
    Pieloth, D.
    Pirk, N.
    Posselt, J.
    Price, P. B.
    Przybylski, G. T.
    Radel, L.
    Rawlins, K.
    Redl, P.
    Resconi, E.
    Rhode, W.
    Ribordy, M.
    Richman, M.
    Riedel, B.
    Rodrigues, J. P.
    Rott, C.
    Ruhe, T.
    Ruzybayev, B.
    Ryckbosch, D.
    Saba, S. M.
    Salameh, T.
    Sander, H. G.
    Santander, M.
    Sarkar, S.
    Schatto, K.
    Scheel, M.
    Scheriau, F.
    Schmidt, T.
    Schmitz, M.
    Schoenen, S.
    Schoneberg, S.
    Schonherr, L.
    Schonwald, A.
    Schukraft, A.
    Schulte, L.
    Schulz, O.
    Seckel, D.
    Seo, S. H.
    Sestayo, Y.
    Seunarine, S.
    Sheremata, C.
    Smith, M. W. E.
    Soiron, M.
    Soldin, D.
    Spiczak, G. M.
    Spiering, C.
    Stamatikos, M.
    Stanev, T.
    Stasik, A.
    Stezelberger, T.
    Stokstad, R. G.
    Stossl, A.
    Strahler, E. A.
    Strom, R.
    Sullivan, G. W.
    Taavola, H.
    Taboada, I.
    Tamburro, A.
    Ter-Antonyan, S.
    Tilav, S.
    Toale, P. A.
    Toscano, S.
    Usner, M.
    van der Drift, D.
    van Eijndhoven, N.
    Van Overloop, A.
    van Santen, J.
    Vehring, M.
    Voge, M.
    Vraeghe, M.
    Walck, C.
    Waldenmaier, T.
    Wallraff, M.
    Wasserman, R.
    Weaver, C.
    Wellons, M.
    Wendt, C.
    Westerhoff, S.
    Whitehorn, N.
    Wiebe, K.
    Wiebusch, C. H.
    Williams, D. R.
    Wissing, H.
    Wolf, M.
    Wood, T. R.
    Xu, C.
    Xu, D. L.
    Xu, X. W.
    Yanez, J. P.
    Yodh, G.
    Yoshida, S.
    Zarzhitsky, P.
    Ziemann, J.
    Zierke, S.
    Zilles, A.
    Zoll, M.
    Measurement of South Pole ice transparency with the IceCube LED calibration system2013In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 711Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The IceCube Neutrino Observatory, approximately 1 km(3) in size, is now complete with 86 strings deployed in the Antarctic ice. IceCube detects the Cherenkov radiation emitted by charged particles passing through or created in the ice. To realize the full potential of the detector, the properties of light propagation in the ice in and around the detector must be well understood. This report presents a new method of fitting the model of light propagation in the ice to a data set of in situ light source events collected with IceCube. The resulting set of derived parameters, namely the measured values of scattering and absorption coefficients vs. depth, is presented and a comparison of IceCube data with simulations based on the new model is shown. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  • 2. Aartsen, M. G.
    et al.
    Abbasi, R.
    Abdou, Y.
    Ackermann, M.
    Adams, J.
    Aguilar, J. A.
    Ahlers, M.
    Altmann, D.
    Auffenberg, J.
    Bai, X.
    Baker, M.
    Barwick, S. W.
    Baum, V.
    Bay, R.
    Beatty, J. J.
    Bechet, S.
    Tjus, J. Becker
    Becker, K. -H
    Benabderrahmane, M. L.
    BenZvi, S.
    Berghaus, P.
    Berley, D.
    Bernardini, E.
    Bernhard, A.
    Besson, D. Z.
    Binder, G.
    Bindig, D.
    Bissok, M.
    Blaufuss, E.
    Blumenthal, J.
    Boersma, David J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Bohaichuk, S.
    Bohm, C.
    Bose, D.
    Boeser, S.
    Botner, Olga
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Brayeur, L.
    Bretz, H. -P
    Brown, A. M.
    Bruijn, R.
    Brunner, J.
    Carson, M.
    Casey, J.
    Casier, M.
    Chirkin, D.
    Christov, A.
    Christy, B.
    Clark, K.
    Clevermann, F.
    Coenders, S.
    Cohen, S.
    Cowen, D. F.
    Silva, A. H. Cruz
    Danninger, M.
    Daughhetee, J.
    Davis, J. C.
    Day, M.
    De Clercq, C.
    De Ridder, S.
    Desiati, P.
    de Vries, K. D.
    de With, M.
    DeYoung, T.
    Diaz-Velez, J. C.
    Dunkman, M.
    Eagan, R.
    Eberhardt, B.
    Eisch, J.
    Euler, S.
    Evenson, P. A.
    Fadiran, O.
    Fazely, A. R.
    Fedynitch, A.
    Feintzeig, J.
    Feusels, T.
    Filimonov, K.
    Finley, C.
    Fischer-Wasels, T.
    Flis, S.
    Franckowiak, A.
    Frantzen, K.
    Fuchs, T.
    Gaisser, T. K.
    Gallagher, J.
    Gerhardt, L.
    Gladstone, L.
    Gluesenkamp, T.
    Goldschmidt, A.
    Golup, G.
    Gonzalez, J. G.
    Goodman, J. A.
    Gora, D.
    Grandmont, D. T.
    Grant, D.
    Gross, A.
    Ha, C.
    Ismail, A. Haj
    Hallen, P.
    Hallgren, Allan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Halzen, F.
    Hanson, K.
    Heereman, D.
    Heinen, D.
    Helbing, K.
    Hellauer, R.
    Hickford, S.
    Hill, G. C.
    Hoffman, K. D.
    Hoffmann, R.
    Homeier, A.
    Hoshina, K.
    Huelsnitz, W.
    Hulth, P. O.
    Hultqvist, K.
    Hussain, S.
    Ishihara, A.
    Jacobi, E.
    Jacobsen, J.
    Jagielski, K.
    Japaridze, G. S.
    Jero, K.
    Jlelati, O.
    Kaminsky, B.
    Kappes, A.
    Karg, T.
    Karle, A.
    Kelley, J. L.
    Kiryluk, J.
    Klaes, J.
    Klein, S. R.
    Koehne, J. -H
    Kohnen, G.
    Kolanoski, H.
    Koepke, L.
    Kopper, C.
    Kopper, S.
    Koskinen, D. J.
    Kowalski, M.
    Krasberg, M.
    Krings, K.
    Kroll, G.
    Kunnen, J.
    Kurahashi, N.
    Kuwabara, T.
    Labare, M.
    Landsman, H.
    Larson, M. J.
    Lesiak-Bzdak, M.
    Leuermann, M.
    Leute, J.
    Luenemann, J.
    Macias, O.
    Madsen, J.
    Maggi, G.
    Maruyama, R.
    Mase, K.
    Matis, H. S.
    McNally, F.
    Meagher, K.
    Merck, M.
    Meures, T.
    Miarecki, S.
    Middell, E.
    Milke, N.
    Miller, J.
    Mohrmann, L.
    Montaruli, T.
    Morse, R.
    Nahnhauer, R.
    Naumann, U.
    Niederhausen, H.
    Nowicki, S. C.
    Nygren, D. R.
    Obertacke, A.
    Odrowski, S.
    Olivas, A.
    Omairat, A.
    O'Murchadha, A.
    Paul, L.
    Pepper, J. A.
    de los Heros, Carlos Perez
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Pfendner, C.
    Pieloth, D.
    Pinat, E.
    Posselt, J.
    Price, P. B.
    Przybylski, G. T.
    Raedel, L.
    Rameez, M.
    Rawlins, K.
    Redl, P.
    Reimann, R.
    Resconi, E.
    Rhode, W.
    Ribordy, M.
    Richman, M.
    Riedel, B.
    Rodrigues, J. P.
    Rott, C.
    Ruhe, T.
    Ruzybayev, B.
    Ryckbosch, D.
    Saba, S. M.
    Salameh, T.
    Sander, H. -G
    Santander, M.
    Sarkar, S.
    Schatto, K.
    Scheriau, F.
    Schmidt, T.
    Schmitz, M.
    Schoenen, S.
    Schoeneberg, S.
    Schoenwald, A.
    Schukraft, A.
    Schulte, L.
    Schulz, O.
    Seckel, D.
    Sestayo, Y.
    Seunarine, S.
    Shanidze, R.
    Sheremata, C.
    Smith, M. W. E.
    Soldin, D.
    Spiczak, G. M.
    Spiering, C.
    Stamatikos, M.
    Stanev, T.
    Stasik, A.
    Stezelberger, T.
    Stokstad, R. G.
    Stoessl, A.
    Strahler, E. A.
    Ström, Richard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Sullivan, G. W.
    Taavola, Henric
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Taboada, I.
    Tamburro, A.
    Tepe, A.
    Ter-Antonyan, S.
    Tesic, G.
    Tilav, S.
    Toale, P. A.
    Toscano, S.
    Unger, E.
    Usner, M.
    Vallecorsa, S.
    van Eijndhoven, N.
    Van Overloop, A.
    van Santen, J.
    Vehring, M.
    Voge, M.
    Vraeghe, M.
    Walck, C.
    Waldenmaier, T.
    Wallraff, M.
    Weaver, Ch.
    Wellons, M.
    Wendt, C.
    Westerhoff, S.
    Whitehorn, N.
    Wiebe, K.
    Wiebusch, C. H.
    Williams, D. R.
    Wissing, H.
    Wolf, M.
    Wood, T. R.
    Woschnagg, K.
    Xu, D. L.
    Xu, X. W.
    Yanez, J. P.
    Yodh, G.
    Yoshida, S.
    Zarzhitsky, P.
    Ziemann, J.
    Zierke, S.
    Zoll, M.
    Recht, B.
    Re, C.
    Improvement in fast particle track reconstruction with robust statistics2014In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 736, p. 143-149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The IceCube project has transformed 1 km(3) of deep natural Antarctic ice into a Cherenkov detector Muon neutrinos are detected and their direction is inferred by mapping the light produced by the secondary muon track inside the volume instrumented with photomultipliers. Reconstructing the muon track from the observed light is challenging due to noise, light scattering in the ice medium, and the possibility of simultaneously having multiple muons inside the detector, resulting from the large flux of cosmic ray muons. This paper describes work on two problems: (1) the truck reconstruction problem, in which, given a set of observations, the goal is to recover the track of a muon; and (2) the coincident event problem, which is to determine how many muons are active in the detector during a time window. Rather than solving these problems by developing more complex physical models that are applied at later stages of the analysis, our approach is to augment the detector's early reconstruction with data filters and robust statistical techniques. These can be implemented at the level of on-line reconstruction and, therefore, improve all subsequent reconstructions. Using the metric of median angular resolution, a standard metric for track reconstruction, we improve the accuracy in the initial reconstruction direction by 13%. We also present improvements in measuring the number of muons in coincident events: we can accurately determine the number of muons 98% of the time.

  • 3. Aartsen, M. G.
    et al.
    Abbasi, R.
    Abdou, Y.
    Ackermann, M.
    Adams, J.
    Aguilar, J. A.
    Ahlers, M.
    Altmann, D.
    Auffenberg, J.
    Bai, X.
    Baker, M.
    Barwick, S. W.
    Baum, V.
    Bay, R.
    Beatty, J. J.
    Bechet, S.
    Tjus, J. Becker
    Becker, K-H
    Bell, M.
    Benabderrahmane, M. L.
    BenZvi, S.
    Berdermann, J.
    Berghaus, P.
    Berley, D.
    Bernardini, E.
    Bernhard, A.
    Bertrand, D.
    Besson, D. Z.
    Binder, G.
    Bindig, D.
    Bissok, M.
    Blaufuss, E.
    Blumenthal, J.
    Boersma, David J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Bohaichuk, S.
    Bohm, C.
    Bose, D.
    Boeser, S.
    Botner, Olga
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Brayeur, L.
    Brown, A. M.
    Bruijn, R.
    Brunner, J.
    Buitink, S.
    Carson, M.
    Casey, J.
    Casier, M.
    Chirkin, D.
    Christy, B.
    Clark, K.
    Clevermann, F.
    Cohen, S.
    Cowen, D. F.
    Silva, A. H. Cruz
    Danninger, M.
    Daughhetee, J.
    Davis, J. C.
    De Clercq, C.
    De Ridder, S.
    Desiati, P.
    de With, M.
    DeYoung, T.
    Diaz-Velez, J. C.
    Dunkman, M.
    Eagan, R.
    Eberhardt, B.
    Eisch, J.
    Ellsworth, R. W.
    Euler, S.
    Evenson, P. A.
    Fadiran, O.
    Fazely, A. R.
    Fedynitch, A.
    Feintzeig, J.
    Feusels, T.
    Filimonov, K.
    Finley, C.
    Fischer-Wasels, T.
    Flis, S.
    Franckowiak, A.
    Franke, R.
    Frantzen, K.
    Fuchs, T.
    Gaisser, T. K.
    Gallagher, J.
    Gerhardt, L.
    Gladstone, L.
    Gluesenkamp, T.
    Goldschmidt, A.
    Golup, G.
    Goodman, J. A.
    Gora, D.
    Grant, D.
    Gross, A.
    Gurtner, M.
    Ha, C.
    Ismail, A. Haj
    Hallgren, Allan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Halzen, F.
    Hanson, K.
    Heereman, D.
    Heimann, P.
    Heinen, D.
    Helbing, K.
    Hellauer, R.
    Hickford, S.
    Hill, G. C.
    Hoffman, K. D.
    Hoffmann, R.
    Homeier, A.
    Hoshina, K.
    Huelsnitz, W.
    Hulth, P. O.
    Hultqvist, K.
    Hussain, S.
    Ishihara, A.
    Jacobi, E.
    Jacobsen, J.
    Japaridze, G. S.
    Jero, K.
    Jlelati, O.
    Kaminsky, B.
    Kappes, A.
    Karg, T.
    Karle, A.
    Kelley, J. L.
    Kiryluk, J.
    Kislat, F.
    Klaes, J.
    Klein, S. R.
    Koehne, J-H
    Kohnen, G.
    Kolanoski, H.
    Koepke, L.
    Kopper, C.
    Kopper, S.
    Koskinen, D. J.
    Kowalski, M.
    Krasberg, M.
    Kroll, G.
    Kunnen, J.
    Kurahashi, N.
    Kuwabara, T.
    Labare, M.
    Landsman, H.
    Larson, M. J.
    Lesiak-Bzdak, M.
    Leute, J.
    Luenemann, J.
    Madsen, J.
    Maruyama, R.
    Mase, K.
    Matis, H. S.
    McNally, F.
    Meagher, K.
    Merck, M.
    Meszaros, P.
    Meures, T.
    Miarecki, S.
    Middell, E.
    Milke, N.
    Miller, J.
    Mohrmann, L.
    Montaruli, T.
    Morse, R.
    Nahnhauer, R.
    Naumann, U.
    Niederhausen, H.
    Nowicki, S. C.
    Nygren, D. R.
    Obertacke, A.
    Odrowski, S.
    Olivas, A.
    Olivo, M.
    O'Murchadha, A.
    Paul, L.
    Pepper, J. A.
    de los Heros, Carlos Perez
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Pfendner, C.
    Pieloth, D.
    Pirk, N.
    Posselt, J.
    Price, P. B.
    Przybylski, G. T.
    Raedel, L.
    Rawlins, K.
    Redl, P.
    Resconi, E.
    Rhode, W.
    Ribordy, M.
    Richman, M.
    Riedel, B.
    Rodrigues, J. P.
    Rott, C.
    Ruhe, T.
    Ruzybayev, B.
    Ryckbosch, D.
    Saba, S. M.
    Salameh, T.
    Sander, H-G
    Santander, M.
    Sarkar, S.
    Schatto, K.
    Scheel, M.
    Scheriau, F.
    Schmidt, T.
    Schmitz, M.
    Schoenen, S.
    Schoeneberg, S.
    Schoenherr, L.
    Schoenwald, A.
    Schukraft, A.
    Schulte, L.
    Schulz, O.
    Seckel, D.
    Seo, S. H.
    Sestayo, Y.
    Seunarine, S.
    Sheremata, C.
    Smith, M. W. E.
    Soiron, M.
    Soldin, D.
    Spiczak, G. M.
    Spiering, C.
    Stamatikos, M.
    Stanev, T.
    Stasik, A.
    Stezelberger, T.
    Stokstad, R. G.
    Stoessl, A.
    Strahler, E. A.
    Ström, Rickard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Sullivan, G. W.
    Taavola, Henric
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Taboada, I.
    Tamburro, A.
    Ter-Antonyan, S.
    Tilav, S.
    Toale, P. A.
    Toscano, S.
    Usner, M.
    van der Drift, D.
    van Eijndhoven, N.
    Van Overloop, A.
    van Santen, J.
    Vehring, M.
    Voge, M.
    Vraeghe, M.
    Walck, C.
    Waldenmaier, T.
    Wallraff, M.
    Wasserman, R.
    Weaver, Ch.
    Wellons, M.
    Wendt, C.
    Westerhoff, S.
    Whitehorn, N.
    Wiebe, K.
    Wiebusch, C. H.
    Williams, D. R.
    Wissing, H.
    Wolf, M.
    Wood, T. R.
    Xu, C.
    Xu, D. L.
    Xu, X. W.
    Yanez, J. P.
    Yodh, G.
    Yoshida, S.
    Zarzhitsky, P.
    Ziemann, J.
    Zierke, S.
    Zilles, A.
    Zoll, M.
    Measurement of South Pole ice transparency with the IceCube LED calibration system2013In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 711, p. 73-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The IceCube Neutrino Observatory, approximately 1 km(3) in size, is now complete with 86 strings deployed in the Antarctic ice. IceCube detects the Cherenkov radiation emitted by charged particles passing through or created in the ice. To realize the full potential of the detector, the properties of light propagation in the ice in and around the detector must be well understood. This report presents a new method of fitting the model of light propagation in the ice to a data set of in situ light source events collected with IceCube. The resulting set of derived parameters, namely the measured values of scattering and absorption coefficients vs. depth, is presented and a comparison of IceCube data with simulations based on the new model is shown.

  • 4. Abat, E.
    et al.
    Abdallah, J. M.
    Egorov, K.
    Lund-Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Zhou, N.
    Grahn, Karl-Johan
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Lafaye, Remi
    Univ Savoie, LAPP, CNTS IN2P3, Annecy Le Vieux, France.
    et, al
    Study of the response of the ATLAS central calorimeter to pions of energies from 3 to 9 GeV2009In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 607, no 2, p. 372-386Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A fully instrumented slice of the ATLAS central detector was exposed to test beams from the SPS (Super Proton Synchrotron) at CERN in 2004. in this paper, the response of the central calorimeters to pions with energies in the range between 3 and 9 GeV is presented. The linearity and the resolution of the combined calorimetry (electromagnetic and hadronic calorimeters) was measured and compared to the prediction of a detector simulation program using the toolkit Geant 4.

  • 5. Abata, E.
    et al.
    Abdallah, J. M.
    Addy, T. N.
    Adragna, P.
    Aharrouche, M.
    Ahmad, A.
    Akesson, T. P. A.
    Aleksa, M.
    Alexa, C.
    Anderson, K.
    Anghinolfi, F.
    Antonaki, A.
    Arabidze, G.
    Arik, E.
    Baker, O. K.
    Banfi, D.
    Baron, S.
    Beck, H. P.
    Belhorma, B.
    Benchekroun, D.
    Benjamin, D. P.
    Benslama, K.
    Kuutmann, E. Bergeaas
    Bertelsen, H.
    Binet, S.
    Biscarat, C.
    Boldea, V.
    Bondarenko, V. G.
    Boonekamp, M.
    Bosman, M.
    Bourdarios, C.
    Chromek, D. Burckhart
    Bychkov, V.
    Callahan, J.
    Calvet, D.
    Canneri, M.
    Garrido, M. Capeans
    Caprini, M.
    Sas, L. Cardiel
    Carli, T.
    Carminati, L.
    Carvalho, J.
    Cascella, M.
    Castillo, M. V.
    Catinaccio, A.
    Sforza, M. Cavalli
    Cavalli, D.
    Cavasinni, V.
    Cetin, S. A.
    Chen, H.
    Cherkaoui, R.
    Chevallier, F.
    Ciobotaru, M.
    Citterio, M.
    Cleland, B.
    Cogneras, E.
    Muino, P. Conde
    Consonni, M.
    Constantinescu, S.
    Cornelissen, T.
    Radu, A. Corso
    Costa, G.
    Cwetanski, P.
    Da Silva, D.
    DAM, M.
    Danielsson, H. O.
    Dannheim, D.
    Davidek, T.
    De, K.
    Defay, P. O.
    Dekhissi, B.
    Del Peso, J.
    Delmastro, M.
    Del Prete, T.
    Derue, F.
    Di Ciaccio, L.
    Di Girolamo, B.
    Dita, S.
    Dittus, F.
    Djama, F.
    Djobava, T.
    Dobson, M.
    Dolgoshein, B. A.
    Dotti, A.
    Drake, G.
    Dressnandt, N.
    Driouchi, C.
    Ebenstein, W. L.
    Eerola, P.
    Efthymiopoulos, I.
    Egorov, K.
    Eifert, T. F.
    El Kacimi, M.
    Etienvre, A. I.
    Fabich, A.
    Fakhr-Edine, A. I.
    Fanti, M.
    Farbin, A.
    Farthouat, P.
    Fassouliotis, D.
    Fayard, L.
    Febbraro, R.
    Fedin, O. L.
    Fenyuk, A.
    Ferrari, R.
    Ferreira, B. C.
    Ferrer, A.
    Filippini, G.
    Fournier, D.
    Francavilla, P.
    Francis, D.
    Froeschl, R.
    Froidevaux, D.
    Fullana, E.
    Gadomski, S.
    Gagnon, P.
    Gameiro, S.
    Garcia, R.
    Ghodbane, N.
    Giakoumopoulou, V.
    Giangiobbe, V.
    Giokaris, N.
    Glonti, G.
    Gollub, N.
    Comes, A.
    Gomez, M. D.
    Gonzalez, V.
    Gorini, B.
    Goujdamiav, D.
    Grahn, K. J.
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Grenier, P.
    Grigalashvili, N.
    Grishkevich, Y.
    Gruwe, M.
    Guicheney, C.
    Gupta, A.
    Haeberli, C.
    Hajduk, Z.
    Hakobyan, H.
    Hance, M.
    Hansen, P. H.
    Harvey, A., Jr.
    Correia, A. Henriques
    Hervas, L.
    Higon, E.
    Hoffman, J.
    Hostachy, J. Y.
    Hruska, I.
    Hubaut, F.
    Hulsbergen, W.
    Hurwitz, M.
    Iconomidou-Fayard, L.
    Jen-La Plante, I.
    Johansson, P. D. C.
    Jon-And, K.
    Joos, M.
    Jorgensen, S.
    Kaczmarska, A.
    Kado, M.
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    Kataoka, M.
    Kayumov, F.
    Kazarov, A.
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    Kekelidze, G. D.
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    Kittelmann, T. H.
    Klinkby, E.
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    Kowalski, T. Z.
    Kruger, K.
    Kramarenko, V.
    Kudin, L. G.
    Kulchitsky, Y.
    Lafaye, R.
    Univ Savoie, LAPP, CNTS IN2P3, Annecy Le Vieux, France.
    Laforge, B.
    Lampl, W.
    Lanni, F.
    Laplace, S.
    Le Bihan, A. C.
    Lechowski, M.
    Ledroit-Guillon, F.
    Lehmann, G.
    Leitner, R.
    Lelas, D.
    Liang, Z.
    Lichard, P.
    Lokajicek, M.
    Louchard, L.
    Loureiro, K.
    Lucotte, A.
    Luehring, F.
    Lundberg, B.
    Lund-Jensen, Bengt
    KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Particle and Astroparticle Physics.
    Ma, H.
    Mackeprang, R.
    Maio, A.
    Maleev, V. P.
    Malek, F.
    Maneira, J.
    Mandelli, L.
    Mazzanti, M.
    Manousakis, A.
    Mapelli, L.
    Marques, C.
    Martin, F.
    McFarlane, K. W.
    Mchedlidze, G.
    McPherson, R.
    Meirosu, C.
    Meng, Z.
    Miagkov, A.
    Mialkovski, V.
    Milstead, D.
    Minashvili, I.
    Mindur, B.
    Mitsou, V. A.
    Monnier, E.
    Morozov, S. V.
    Mosidze, M.
    Mouraviev, S. V.
    Munar, A.
    Nadtochi, A. V.
    Negri, A.
    Nemecek, S.
    Nessi, M.
    Nesterov, S. Y.
    Newcomer, F. M.
    Nikitine, I.
    Nikolic-Audit, I.
    Ogren, H.
    Oh, S. H.
    Oleshko, S. B.
    Olszowska, J.
    Onofre, A.
    Aranda, C. Padilla
    Paganis, S.
    Pallin, D.
    Pantea, D.
    Paolone, V.
    Parsons, J.
    Pasqualucci, E.
    Passmore, M. S.
    Patrichev, S.
    Peez, M.
    Reale, V. Perez
    Perini, L.
    Peshekhonov, V. D.
    Petersen, J.
    Petersen, T. C.
    Petti, R.
    Pilcher, J.
    Pina, J.
    Pinto, B.
    Podlyski, F.
    Poggioli, L.
    Poveda, J.
    Pralavorio, P.
    Pribyl, L.
    Price, M. J.
    Prieur, D.
    Puigdengoles, C.
    Puzo, P.
    Rajagopalan, S.
    Rembser, C.
    Ridel, M.
    Riu, I.
    Roda, C.
    Rohne, O.
    Romaniouk, A.
    Rousseau, D.
    Ruiz, A.
    Rusakovich, N.
    Rust, D.
    Ryabov, Y. F.
    Ryjov, V.
    Salto, O.
    Salvachua, B.
    Sanchis, E.
    Rios, C. Santamarina
    Santoni, C.
    Saraiva, J. G.
    Sarri, F.
    Sauvage, G.
    Says, L. P.
    Schaefer, M.
    Schegelsky, V. A.
    Schlager, G.
    Schlereth, J.
    Schmitt, C.
    Schwemling, P.
    Schwindling, J.
    Seixas, J. M.
    Seliverstov, D. M.
    Serin, L.
    Shalanda, N.
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    Silva, J.
    Simion, S.
    Simonyan, M.
    Sloper, J. E.
    Smirnov, S. Yu.
    Smirnova, L.
    Solans, C.
    Solodkov, A.
    Solovianov, O.
    Soloviev, I.
    Sosnovtsev, V. V.
    Spano, F.
    Speckmeyer, P.
    Stancu, S.
    Stanek, R.
    Starchenko, E.
    Straessner, A.
    Suchkov, S. I.
    Suk, M.
    Szczygiel, R. R.
    Tarrade, F.
    Tartarelli, F.
    Tas, P.
    Tayalati, Y.
    Teuscher, R.
    Thioye, M.
    Tikhomirov, V. O.
    Tisserant, S.
    Torres, J.
    Tremblet, L.
    Tsiareshka, P.
    Tsiskaridze, V.
    Unal, G.
    Unel, G.
    Usai, G.
    Valero, A.
    Valkar, S.
    Valls, J. A.
    Van Berg, R.
    Vandelli, W.
    Vannucci, F.
    Vartapetian, A.
    Vassilakopoulos, V. I.
    Vassilieva, L.
    Vazeille, F.
    Vetter-Cole, Y.
    Vichou, I.
    Vinogradov, V.
    Vivarelli, I.
    Volpi, M.
    Wang, C.
    Werner, P.
    Wheeler, S.
    Wiesmann, M.
    Wilkens, H.
    Williams, H. H.
    Wingerter-Seez, I.
    Yasu, Y.
    Zaitsev, A.
    Zenin, A.
    Zenis, T.
    Zenonos, Z.
    Zhang, H.
    Zhou, N.
    Study of energy response and resolution of the ATLAS barrel calorimeter to hadrons of energies from 20 to 350 GeV2010In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 621, no 1-3, p. 134-150Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A fully instrumented slice of the ATLAS detector was exposed to test beams from the SPS (Super Proton Synchrotron) at CERN in 2004. In this paper, the results of the measurements of the response of the barrel calorimeter to hadrons with energies in the range 20-350 GeV and beam impact points and angles corresponding to pseudo-rapidity values in the range 0.2-0.65 are reported. The results are compared to the predictions of a simulation program using the Geant 4 toolkit. (C) 2010 Published by Elsevier B.V.

  • 6. Abazov, M
    et al.
    Abbott, B
    Abolins, M
    Acharya, S
    Adams, M
    Adams, T
    Aguilo, E
    Ahsan, M
    Alexeev, D
    Alkhazov, G
    Alton, A
    Alverson, G
    Alves, A
    Ancu, S
    Andeen, T
    Anzelc, S
    Aoki, M
    Arnoud, Y
    Arov, M
    Arthaud, M
    Askew, A
    Åsman, B
    Uppsala University.
    Atramentov, O
    Avila, C
    BackusMayes, J
    Badaud, F
    Bagby, L
    Baldin, B
    Bandurin, V
    Banerjee, S
    Barberis, E
    Barfuss, A.-F.
    Bargassa, P
    Baringer, R
    Barreto, J
    Bartlett, F
    Bassler, U
    Bauer, D
    Beale, S
    Bean, A
    Begalli, M
    Begel, M
    Belanger-Champagne, C
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Bellantoni, L
    Bellavance, A
    Benitez, A
    Beri, B
    Bernardi, G
    Bernhard, R
    Bertram, I
    Besancon, M
    Beuselinck, R
    Bezzubov, A
    Bhat, C
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    Bloom, K
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    Borissov, G
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    Brandt, A
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    Brooijmans, G
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    Bu, B
    Buchholz, D
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    Burdin, S
    Burnett, H
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    Carvalho, W
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    Christoudias, T
    Cihangir, S
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    Cooke, M
    Cooper, E
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    Cwiok, M
    Das, A
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    de Jong, J
    De La Cruz-Burelo, E
    DeVaughan, K
    Deliot, F
    Demarteau, M
    Demina, R
    Denisov, D
    Denisov, P
    Desai, S
    Diehl, T
    Diesburg, M
    Dominguez, A
    Dorland, T
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    Dudko, V
    Duflot, L
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    Duperrin, A
    Dutt, S
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    Ferbel, T
    Fiedler, F
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    Hu, Y
    Hubacek, Z
    Huske, N
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    Illingworth, R
    Ito, S
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    Jamin, D
    Jesik, R
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    Johnson, M
    Johnston, D
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    Jonsson, R
    Juste, A
    Kajfasz, E
    Karmanov, D
    Kasper, A
    Katsanos, I
    Kaushik, V
    Kehoe, R
    Kermiche, S
    Khalatyan, N
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    Konrath, J.-P.
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    Kraus, J
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    Kumar, A
    Kupco, A
    Kurca, T
    Kuzmin, A
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    Lam, D
    Lammers, S
    Landsberg, G
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    Lee, S
    Lee, M
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    Li, Z
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    Lim, K
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    Lokajicek, M
    Love, P
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    Lyon, L
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    Montgomery, E
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    A novel method for modeling the recoil in W boson events at hadron colliders2009In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 609, no 2-3, p. 250-262Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a new method for modeling the hadronic recoil in W -> lv events produced at hadron colliders. The recoil is chosen from a library of recoils in Z -> ll data events and overlaid on a simulated W -> lv event. Implementation of this method requires that the data recoil library describe the proper-ties of the measured recoil as a function of the true, rather than the measured, transverse momentum of the boson. We address this issue using a multidimensional Bayesian unfolding technique. We estimate the statistical and systematic uncertainties from this method for the W boson mass and width measurements assuming 1 fb(-1) of data from the Fermilab Tevatron. The uncertainties are found to be small and comparable to those of a more traditional parameterized recoil model. For the highprecision measurements that will be possible with data from Run 11 of the Fermilab Tevatron and from the CERN LHC, the method presented in this paper may be advantageous, since it does not require an understanding of the measured recoil from first principles.

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    Vlimant, J. -R
    Von Toerne, E.
    Vorobyov, A.
    Vreeswijk, M.
    Anh, T. Vu
    Vysotsky, V.
    Wahl, H. D.
    Walker, R.
    Wallace, N.
    Wang, L.
    Wang, Z. -M
    Warchol, J.
    Warsinsky, M.
    Watts, G.
    Wayne, M.
    Weber, M.
    Weerts, H.
    Wegner, M.
    Wermes, N.
    Wetstein, M.
    White, A.
    White, V.
    Whiteson, D.
    Wicke, D.
    Wijnen, T.
    Wijngaarden, D. A.
    Wilcer, N.
    Willutzki, H.
    Wilson, G. W.
    Wimpenny, S. J.
    Wittlin, J.
    Wlodek, T.
    Wobisch, M.
    Womersley, J.
    Wood, D. R.
    Wyatt, T. R.
    Wu, Z.
    Xie, Y.
    Xu, Q.
    Xuan, N.
    Yacoob, S.
    Yamada, R.
    Yan, M.
    Yarema, R.
    Yasuda, T.
    Yatsunenko, Y. A.
    Yen, Y.
    Yip, K.
    Yoo, H. D.
    Yoffe, F.
    Youn, S. W.
    Yu, J.
    Yurkewicz, A.
    Zabi, A.
    Zanabria, M.
    Zatserklyaniy, A.
    Zdrazil, M.
    Zeitnitz, C.
    Zhang, B.
    Zhang, D.
    Zhang, X.
    Zhao, T.
    Zhao, Z.
    Zheng, H.
    Zhou, B.
    Zhu, J.
    Zielinski, M.
    Zieminska, D.
    Zieminski, A.
    Zitoun, R.
    Zmuda, T.
    Zutshi, V.
    Zviagintsev, S.
    Zverev, E. G.
    Zylberstejn, A.
    The upgraded DO detector2006In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 565, no 2, p. 463-537Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The DO experiment enjoyed a very successful data-collection run at the Fermilab Tevatron collider between 1992 and 1996. Since then, the detector has been upgraded to take advantage of improvements to the Tevatron and to enhance its physics capabilities. We describe the new elements of the detector, including the silicon microstrip tracker, central fiber tracker, solenoidal magnet, preshower detectors, forward muon detector, and forward proton detector. The uranium/liquid -argon calorimeters and central muon detector, remaining from Run 1, are discussed briefly. We also present the associated electronics, triggering, and data acquisition systems, along with the design and implementation of software specific to DO.

  • 8. Abazov, V. M.
    et al.
    Abbott, B.
    Abolins, M.
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    Alton, A.
    Alverson, G.
    Alves, G. A.
    Anastasoaie, M.
    Ancu, L. S.
    Aoki, M.
    Arnoud, Y.
    Arov, M.
    Askew, A.
    Åsman, B.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Atramentov, O.
    Avila, C.
    BackusMayes, J.
    Badaud, F.
    Bagby, L.
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    Bandurin, D. V.
    Banerjee, S.
    Barberis, E.
    Barfuss, A. -F
    Baringer, P.
    Barreto, J.
    Bartlett, J. F.
    Bassler, U.
    Beale, S.
    Bean, A.
    Begalli, M.
    Begel, M.
    Belanger-Champagne, Camille
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
    Bellantoni, L.
    Benitez, J. A.
    Beri, S. B.
    Bernardi, G.
    Bernhard, R.
    Bertram, I.
    Besancon, M.
    Beuselinck, R.
    Bezzubov, V. A.
    Bhat, P. C.
    Bhatnagar, V.
    Blazey, G.
    Blessing, S.
    Bloch, D.
    Bloom, K.
    Boehnlein, A.
    Boline, D.
    Bolton, T. A.
    Boos, E. E.
    Borissov, G.
    Bose, T.
    Brandt, A.
    Brock, R.
    Brooijmans, G.
    Bross, A.
    Brown, D.
    Bu, X. B.
    Buchholz, D.
    Buehler, M.
    Buescher, V.
    Bunichev, V.
    Burdin, S.
    Burnet, T. H.
    Buszello, C. P.
    Calfayan, P.
    Calpas, B.
    Calvet, S.
    Camacho-Perez, E.
    Cammin, J.
    Carrasco-Lizarraga, M. A.
    Carrera, E.
    Casey, B. C. K.
    Castilla-Valdez, H.
    Chakrabarti, S.
    Chakraborty, D.
    Chan, K. M.
    Chandra, A.
    Chen, G.
    Chevalier-Thery, S.
    Cho, D. K.
    Cho, S. W.
    Choi, S.
    Choudhary, B.
    Christoudias, T.
    Cihangir, S.
    Claes, D.
    Clement, B.
    Clutter, J.
    Cooke, M.
    Cooper, W. E.
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    Cousinou, M. -C
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    de Jong, S. J.
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    Deliot, F.
    Demarteau, M.
    Bu, R. Demina
    Denisov, D.
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    Desai, S.
    Diehl, H. T.
    Diesburg, M.
    Dominguez, A.
    Dorland, T.
    Dubey, A.
    Dudko, L. V.
    Duflot, L.
    Duggan, D.
    Duperrin, A.
    Dutt, S.
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    Eads, M.
    Edmunds, D.
    Ellison, J.
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    Fuess, S.
    Gadfort, T.
    Garcia-Bellido, A.
    Gavrilov, V.
    Gay, P.
    Geist, W.
    Gele, D.
    Geng, W.
    Gerbaudo, D.
    Gerber, C. E.
    Gershtein, Y.
    Gillberg, D.
    Ginther, G.
    Golling, T.
    Golovanov, G.
    Gomez, B.
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    Greenlee, H.
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    Grenier, G.
    Gris, Ph.
    Grivaz, J. -F
    Grohsjean, A.
    Gruenendahl, S.
    Gruenewald, M. W.
    Guo, F.
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    Gutierrez, G.
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    Haas, A.
    Haefner, P.
    Hagopian, S.
    Haley, J.
    Hall, I.
    Han, L.
    Harder, K.
    Harel, A.
    Hauptman, J. M.
    Hays, J.
    Hebbeker, T.
    Hedin, D.
    Heinson, A. P.
    Heintz, U.
    Hensel, C.
    Heredia-De La Cruz, I.
    Herner, K.
    Hesketh, G.
    Hildreth, M. D.
    Hirosky, R.
    Hoang, T.
    Hobbs, J. D.
    Hoeneisen, B.
    Hohlfeld, M.
    Hossain, S.
    Houben, P.
    Hu, Y.
    Hubacek, Z.
    Huske, N.
    Hynek, V.
    Iashvili, I.
    Illingworth, R.
    Ito, A. S.
    Jabeen, S.
    Jaffre, M.
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    Jamin, D.
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    Uvarov, S.
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    van Leeuwen, W. M.
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    Varnes, E. W.
    Vasilyev, I. A.
    Verdier, P.
    Vertogradov, L. S.
    Verzocchi, M.
    Vesterinen, M.
    Vilanova, D.
    Vint, P.
    Vokac, P.
    Wahl, H. D.
    Wang, M. H. L. S.
    Warchol, J.
    Watts, G.
    Wayne, M.
    Weber, G.
    Weber, M.
    Wetstein, M.
    White, A.
    Wicke, D.
    Williams, M. R. J.
    Wilson, G. W.
    Wimpenny, S. J.
    Wobisch, M.
    Wood, D. R.
    Wyatt, T. R.
    Xie, Y.
    Xu, C.
    Yacoob, S.
    Yamada, R.
    Yang, W. -C
    Yasuda, T.
    Yatsunenko, Y. A.
    Ye, Z.
    Yin, H.
    Yip, K.
    Yoo, H. D.
    Youn, S. W.
    Yu, J.
    Zelitch, S.
    Zhao, T.
    Zhou, B.
    Zhu, J.
    Zielinski, M.
    Zieminska, D.
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    b-Jet identification in the D0 experiment2010In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 620, no 2-3, p. 490-517Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Algorithms distinguishing jets originating from b quarks from other jet flavors are important tools in the physics program of the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron p (p) over bar collider. This article describes the methods that have been used to identify b-quark jets, exploiting in particular the long lifetimes of b-flavored hadrons, and the calibration of the performance of these algorithms based on collider data.

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    et al.
    Abbott, B.
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    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
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    Herner, K.
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    Kajfasz, E.
    Karmanov, D.
    Katsanos, I.
    Kehoe, R.
    Kermiche, S.
    Khalatyan, N.
    Khanov, A.
    Kharchilava, A.
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    Kozelov, A. V.
    Kraus, J.
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    Lee, W. M.
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    Lipton, R.
    Liu, H.
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    Luna-Garcia, R.
    Luo, C.
    Lyon, A. L.
    Maciel, A. K. A.
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    Penning, B.
    Perfilov, M.
    Peters, Y.
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    Qian, J.
    Quadt, A.
    Quinn, B.
    Ratoff, P. N.
    Razumov, I.
    Ripp-Baudot, I.
    Rizatdinova, F.
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    Ross, A.
    Royon, C.
    Rubinov, P.
    Ruchti, R.
    Sajot, G.
    Sanchez-Hernandez, A.
    Sanders, M. P.
    Santos, A. S.
    Savage, G.
    Sawyer, L.
    Scanlon, T.
    Schamberger, R. D.
    Scheglov, Y.
    Schellman, H.
    Schwanenberger, C.
    Schwienhorst, R.
    Sekaric, J.
    Severini, H.
    Shabalina, E.
    Shary, V.
    Shaw, S.
    Shchukin, A. A.
    Simak, V.
    Skubic, P.
    Slattery, P.
    Smirnov, D.
    Snow, G. R.
    Snow, J.
    Snyder, S.
    Soeldner-Rembold, S.
    Sonnenschein, L.
    Soustruznik, K.
    Stark, J.
    Stoyanova, D. A.
    Strauss, M.
    Stroehmer, R.
    Suter, L.
    Svoisky, P.
    Titov, M.
    Tokmenin, V. V.
    Tsai, Y. -T
    Tsybychev, D.
    Tuchming, B.
    Tully, C.
    Uvarov, L.
    Uvarov, S.
    Uzunyan, S.
    Van Kooten, R.
    Van Leeuwen, W. M.
    Varelas, N.
    Varnes, E. W.
    Vasilyev, I. A.
    Verkheev, A. Y.
    Vertogradov, L. S.
    Verzocchi, M.
    Vesterinen, M.
    Vilanova, D.
    Vokac, P.
    Wahl, H. D.
    Wang, M. H. L. S.
    Warchol, J.
    Watts, G.
    Wayne, M.
    Weichert, J.
    Welty-Rieger, L.
    Williams, M. R. J.
    Wilson, G. W.
    Wobisch, M.
    Wood, D. R.
    Wyatt, T. R.
    Xie, Y.
    Yamada, R.
    Yang, S.
    Yasuda, T.
    Yatsunenko, Y. A.
    Ye, W.
    Ye, Z.
    Yin, H.
    Yip, K.
    Youn, S. W.
    Yu, J. M.
    Zennamo, J.
    Zhao, T. G.
    Zhou, B.
    Zhu, J.
    Zielinski, M.
    Zieminska, D.
    Zivkovic, L.
    Muon reconstruction and identification with the Run II D0 detector2014In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 737, p. 281-294Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present an overview of the muon reconstruction and identification methods employed by the DO collaboration to analyze the Run II (2001-2011) p (p) over bar data of the Fermilab Tevatron collider at root s = 1.96 TeV. We discuss the performance of these methods, how it is measured using DO data, and how it is properly modeled by the DO simulation program. In its pseudorapidity acceptance, vertical bar eta vertical bar < 2, the muon system identifies high-p(T) muons (p(T) greater than or similar to 10 GeV) with efficiencies ranging from 72% to 89%. Muons tracks are reconstructed in the DO central tracking system with efficiencies ranging from 85% to 92% and with a typical relative momentum resolution of 10% for p(T) = 40 GeV. Isolation criteria reject multijet background with efficiencies of 87-99%.

  • 10. Abazov, V. M.
    et al.
    Abbott, B.
    Acharya, B. S.
    Adams, M.
    Adams, T.
    Agnew, J. P.
    Alexeev, G. D.
    Alkhazov, G.
    Alton, A.
    Askew, A.
    Atkins, S.
    Augsten, K.
    Avila, C.
    Badaud, F.
    Bagby, L.
    Baldin, B.
    Bandurin, D. V.
    Banerjee, S.
    Barberis, E.
    Baringer, P.
    Bartlett, J. F.
    Bassler, U.
    Bazterra, V.
    Bean, A.
    Begalli, M.
    Bellantoni, L.
    Beri, S. B.
    Bernardi, G.
    Bernhard, R.
    Bertram, I.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Besanon, M.
    Beuselinck, R.
    Bhat, P. C.
    Bhatia, S.
    Bhatnagar, V.
    Blazey, G.
    Blessing, S.
    Bloom, K.
    Boehnlein, A.
    Boline, D.
    Boos, E. E.
    Borissov, G.
    Borysova, M.
    Brandt, A.
    Brandt, O.
    Brock, R.
    Bross, A.
    Brown, D.
    Bu, X. B.
    Buehler, M.
    Buesche, V.
    Bunichev, V.
    Burdin, S.
    Buszello, Claus P.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Camacho-Perez, E.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Casey, B. C. K.
    Castilla-Valdez, H.
    Caughron, S.
    Chakrabarti, S.
    Chan, K. M.
    Chandra, A.
    Chapon, E.
    Chen, G.
    Cho, S. W.
    Choi, S.
    Choudhary, B.
    Cihangir, S.
    Claes, D.
    Clutter, J.
    Cooke, M.
    Cooper, W. E.
    Corcoran, M.
    Couderc, F.
    Cousinou, M. -C
    Cutts, D.
    Das, A.
    Davies, G.
    de Jong, S. J.
    De La Cruz-Burelo, E.
    Deliot, F.
    Demina, R.
    Denisov, D.
    Denisov, S. P.
    Desai, S.
    Deterre, C.
    DeVaughan, K.
    Diehl, H. T.
    Diesburg, M.
    Ding, P. F.
    Dominguez, A.
    Dubey, A.
    Dudko, L. V.
    Duperrina, A.
    Dutt, S.
    Eads, M.
    Edmunds, D.
    Ellison, J.
    Elvira, V. D.
    Enari, Y.
    Evans, H.
    Evdokimov, V. N.
    Feng, L.
    Ferbel, T.
    Fiedler, F.
    Filthaut, F.
    Fisher, W.
    Fisk, H. E.
    Fortner, M.
    Fox, H.
    Fuess, S.
    Garbincius, P. H.
    Garcia-Bellido, A.
    Garcia-Gonzalez, J. A.
    Gavrilov, V.
    Geng, W.
    Gerber, C. E.
    Gershtein, Y.
    Ginther, G.
    Golovanov, G.
    Grannis, P. D.
    Greder, S.
    Greenlee, H.
    Grenier, G.
    Gris, Ph.
    Grivaz, J. -F
    Grohsjean, A.
    Gruenendahl, S.
    Gruenewald, M. W.
    Guillemin, T.
    Gutierrez, G.
    Gutierrez, P.
    Haley, J.
    Han, L.
    Harder, K.
    Harel, A.
    Hauptman, J. M.
    Hays, J.
    Head, T.
    Hebbeker, T.
    Hedin, D.
    Hegab, H.
    Heinson, A. P.
    Heintz, U.
    Hensel, C.
    Heredia-De La Cruz, I.
    Herner, K.
    Hesketh, G.
    Hildreth, M. D.
    Hirosky, R.
    Hoang, T.
    Hobbs, J. D.
    Hoeneisen, B.
    Hogan, J.
    Hohlfeld, M.
    Holzbauer, J. L.
    Howley, I.
    Hubacek, Z.
    Hynek, V.
    Iashvili, I.
    Ilchenko, Y.
    Illingworth, R.
    Ito, A. S.
    Jabeen, S.
    Jaffre, M.
    Jayasinghe, A.
    Jeong, M. S.
    Jesik, R.
    Jiang, P.
    Johns, K.
    Johnson, E.
    Johnson, M.
    Jonckheere, A.
    Jonsson, P.
    Joshi, J.
    Jung, A. W.
    Ak, A. Juste
    Kajfasz, E.
    Karmanov, D.
    Katsanos, I.
    Kehoe, R.
    Kermiche, S.
    Khalatyan, N.
    Khanov, A.
    Kharchilava, A.
    Kharzheev, Y. N.
    Kiselevich, I.
    Kohli, J. M.
    Kozelov, A. V.
    Kraus, J.
    Kumar, A.
    Kupco, A.
    Kurca, T.
    Kuzmin, V. A.
    Lammers, S.
    Lebrun, P.
    Lee, H. S.
    Lee, S. W.
    Lee, W. M.
    Lei, X.
    Lellouch, J.
    Li, D.
    Li, H.
    Li, L.
    Li, Q. Z.
    Lim, J. K.
    Lincoln, D.
    Linnemann, J.
    Lipaev, V. V.
    Lipton, R.
    Liu, H.
    Liu, Y.
    Lobodenko, A.
    Lokajicek, M.
    de Sa, R. Lopes
    Luna-Garcia, R.
    Lyon, A. L.
    Maciel, A. K. A.
    Madar, R.
    Magana-Villalba, R.
    Malik, S.
    Malyshev, V. L.
    Mansour, J.
    Martinez-Ortega, J.
    McCarthy, R.
    McGivern, C. L.
    Meijer, M. M.
    Melnitchouk, A.
    Menezes, D.
    Mercadante, P. G.
    Merkin, M.
    Meyer, A.
    Meyer, J.
    Miconi, F.
    Mondal, N. K.
    Mulhearn, M.
    Nagy, E.
    Narain, M.
    Nayyar, R.
    Neal, H. A.
    Negret, J. P.
    Neustroev, P.
    Nguyen, H. T.
    Nunnemann, T.
    Orduna, J.
    Osman, N.
    Osta, J.
    Pal, A.
    Parashar, N.
    Parihar, V.
    Park, S. K.
    Partridge, R.
    Parua, N.
    Patwa, A.
    Penning, B.
    Perfilov, M.
    Peters, Y.
    Petridis, K.
    Petrillo, G.
    Petroff, P.
    Pleier, M. -A
    Podstavkov, V. M.
    Popov, A. V.
    Prewitt, M.
    Price, D.
    Prokopenko, N.
    Qian, J.
    Quadt, A.
    Quinn, B.
    Raja, R.
    Ratoff, P. N.
    Razumov, I.
    Ripp-Baudot, I.
    Rizatdinova, F.
    Rominsky, M.
    Ross, A.
    Royon, C.
    Rubinov, P.
    Ruchti, R.
    Sajot, G.
    Sanchez-Hernandez, A.
    Sanders, M. P.
    Santos, A. S.
    Savage, G.
    Sawyer, L.
    Scanlon, T.
    Schamberger, R. D.
    Scheglov, Y.
    Schellman, H.
    Schwanenberger, C.
    Schwienhorst, R.
    Sekaric, J.
    Severini, H.
    Shabalina, E.
    Shary, V.
    Shaw, S.
    Shchukin, A. A.
    Simak, V.
    Skubic, P.
    Slattery, P.
    Smirnov, D.
    Snow, G. R.
    Snow, J.
    Snyder, S.
    Soeldner-Rembold, S.
    Sonnenschein, L.
    Soustruznik, K.
    Stark, J.
    Stoyanova, D. A.
    Strauss, M.
    Suter, L.
    Svoisky, P.
    Titov, M.
    Tokmenin, V. V.
    Tsai, Y. -T
    Tsybychev, D.
    Tuchming, B.
    Tully, C.
    Uvarov, L.
    Uvarov, S.
    Uzunyan, S.
    VanKooten, R.
    Vanleeuwen, W. M.
    Varelas, N.
    Varnes, E. W.
    Vasilyev, I. A.
    Verkheev, A. Y.
    Vertogradov, L. S.
    Verzocchi, M.
    Vesterinen, M.
    Vilanova, D.
    Vokac, P.
    Wahl, H. D.
    Wang, M. H. L. S.
    Warchol, J.
    Watts, G.
    Wayne, M.
    Weichert, J.
    Welty-Rieger, L.
    Williams, M. R. J.
    Wilson, G. W.
    Wobisch, M.
    Wood, D. R.
    Wyatt, T. R.
    Xie, Y.
    Yamada, R.
    Yang, S.
    Yasuda, T.
    Yatsunenko, Y. A.
    Ye, W.
    Ye, Z.
    Yin, H.
    Yip, K.
    Youn, S. W.
    Yu, J. M.
    Zennamo, J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Zhao, T. G.
    Zhou, B.
    Zhu, J.
    Zielinski, M.
    Zieminska, D.
    Zivkovic, L.
    Electron and photon identification in the Do experiment2014In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 750, p. 78-95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The electron and photon reconstruction and identification algorithms used by the DO Collaboration at the Fermilab Tevatron collider are described. The determination of the electron energy scale and resolution is presented. Studies of the performance of the electron and photon reconstruction and identification are summarized. The results are based on measurements of Z boson decay events of Z ee and Z gamma ll(i=e mu) collected in pp(over bar) collisions at a center- of- mass energy of 1.96 TeV using an integrated luminosity of up to10 fb(-1.)

  • 11. Abazov, V. M.
    et al.
    Abbott, B.
    Acharya, B. S.
    Adams, M.
    Adams, T.
    Agnew, J. P.
    Alexeev, G. D.
    Alkhazov, G.
    Alton, A.
    Askew, A.
    Atkins, S.
    Augsten, K.
    Avila, C.
    Badaud, F.
    Bagby, L.
    Baldin, B.
    Bandurin, D. V.
    Banerjee, S.
    Barberis, E.
    Baringer, P.
    Bartlett, J. F.
    Sassler, U.
    Bazterra, V.
    Bean, A.
    Begalli, M.
    Bellantoni, L.
    Beri, S. B.
    Bernardi, G.
    Bernhard, R.
    Bertram, I.
    Besancon, M.
    Beuselinck, R.
    Bhat, P. C.
    Bhatia, S.
    Bhatnagar, V.
    Blazey, G.
    Blessing, S.
    Bloom, K.
    Boehnlein, A.
    Boline, D.
    Boos, E. E.
    Borissov, G.
    Borysova, M.
    Brandt, A.
    Brandt, O.
    Brock, R.
    Bross, A.
    Brown, D.
    Bu, X. B.
    Buehler, M.
    Buescher, V.
    Bunichev, V.
    Burdin, S.
    Buszello, Claus P.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Camacho-Perez, E.
    Casey, B. C. K.
    Castilla-Valdez, H.
    Caughron, S.
    Chakrabarti, S.
    Chan, K. M.
    Chandra, A.
    Chapon, E.
    Chen, G.
    Cho, S. W.
    Choi, S.
    Choudhary, B.
    Cihangir, S.
    Claes, D.
    Clutter, J.
    Cooke, M.
    Cooper, W. E.
    Corcoran, M.
    Couderc, F.
    Cousinou, M. -C
    Cutts, D.
    Das, A.
    Davies, G.
    de Jong, S. J.
    De La Cruz-Burelo, E.
    de Lima, R. T.
    Deliot, F.
    Demina, R.
    Denisov, D.
    Denisov, S. P.
    Desai, S.
    Deterre, C.
    DeVaughan, K.
    Diehl, H. T.
    Diesburg, M.
    Ding, P. F.
    Dominguez, A.
    Dubey, A.
    Dudko, L. V.
    Duperrin, A.
    Dutt, S.
    Eads, M.
    Edmunds, D.
    Ellison, J.
    Elvira, V. D.
    Enari, Y.
    Evans, H.
    Evdokimov, V. N.
    Feng, L.
    Ferbel, T.
    Fiedler, F.
    Filthaut, F.
    Fisher, W.
    Fisk, H. E.
    Fortner, M.
    Fox, H.
    Fuess, S.
    Garbincius, P. H.
    Garcia-Bellido, A.
    Garcia-Gonzalez, J. A.
    Gavrilov, V.
    Geng, W.
    Gerber, C. E.
    Gershtein, Y.
    Ginther, G.
    Golovanov, G.
    Grannis, P. D.
    Greder, S.
    Greenlee, H.
    Grenier, G.
    Gris, Ph.
    Grivaz, J. -F
    Grohsjean, A.
    Gruenendahl, S.
    Gruenewald, M. W.
    Guillemin, T.
    Gutierrez, G.
    Gutierrez, P.
    Haley, J.
    Han, L.
    Harder, K.
    Harel, A.
    Hauptman, J. M.
    Hays, J.
    Head, T.
    Hebbeker, T.
    Hedin, D.
    Hegab, H.
    Heinson, A. P.
    Heintz, U.
    Hensel, C.
    Heredia-De La Cruz, I.
    Herner, K.
    Hesketh, G.
    Hildreth, M. D.
    Hirosky, R.
    Hoang, T.
    Hobbs, J. D.
    Hoeneisen, B.
    Hogan, J.
    Hohlfeld, M.
    Holzbauer, J. L.
    Howley, I.
    Hubacek, Z.
    Hynek, V.
    Iashvili, I.
    Ilchenko, Y.
    Illingworth, R.
    Ito, A. S.
    Jabeen, S.
    Jaffre, M.
    Jayasinghe, A.
    Jeong, M. S.
    Jesik, R.
    Jiang, P.
    Johns, K.
    Johnson, E.
    Johnson, M.
    Jonckheere, A.
    Jonsson, P.
    Joshi, J.
    Jung, A. W.
    Juste, A.
    Kajfasz, E.
    Karmanov, D.
    Katsanos, I.
    Kehoe, R.
    Kermiche, S.
    Khalatyan, N.
    Khanov, A.
    Kharchilava, A.
    Kharzheev, Y. N.
    Kiselevich, I.
    Kohli, J. M.
    Kozelov, A. V.
    Kraus, J.
    Kumar, A.
    Kupco, A.
    Kurca, T.
    Kuzmin, V. A.
    Lammers, S.
    Lebrun, P.
    Lee, H. S.
    Lee, S. W.
    Lee, W. M.
    Lei, X.
    Lellouch, J.
    Li, D.
    Li, H.
    Li, L.
    Li, Q. Z.
    Lim, J. K.
    Lincoln, D.
    Linnemann, J.
    Lipaev, V. V.
    Lipton, R.
    Liu, H.
    Liu, Y.
    Lobodenko, A.
    Lokajicek, M.
    de Sa, R. Lopes
    Luna-Garcia, R.
    Lyon, A. L.
    Maciel, A. K. A.
    Madar, R.
    Magana-Villalba, R.
    Malik, S.
    Malyshev, V. L.
    Mansour, J.
    Martinez-Ortega, J.
    McCarthy, R.
    McGivern, C. L.
    Meijer, M. M.
    Melnitchouk, A.
    Menezes, D.
    Mercadante, P. G.
    Merkin, M.
    Meyer, A.
    Meyer, J.
    Miconi, F.
    Mondal, N. K.
    Mulhearn, M.
    Nagy, E.
    Narain, M.
    Nayyar, R.
    Neal, H. A.
    Negret, J. P.
    Neustroev, P.
    Nguyen, H. T.
    Nunnemann, T.
    Orduna, J.
    Osman, N.
    Osta, J.
    Pal, A.
    Parashar, N.
    Parihar, V.
    Park, S. K.
    Partridge, R.
    Parua, N.
    Patwa, A.
    Penning, B.
    Perfilov, M.
    Peters, Y.
    Petridis, K.
    Petrillo, G.
    Petroff, P.
    Pleier, M. -A
    Podstavkov, V. M.
    Popov, A. V.
    Prewitt, M.
    Price, D.
    Prokopenko, N.
    Qian, J.
    Quadt, A.
    Quinn, B.
    Ratoff, P. N.
    Razumov, I.
    Ripp-Baudot, I.
    Rizatdinova, F.
    Rominsky, M.
    Ross, A.
    Royon, C.
    Rubinov, P.
    Ruchti, R.
    Sajot, G.
    Sanchez-Hernandez, A.
    Sanders, M. P.
    Santos, A. S.
    Savage, G.
    Sawyer, L.
    Scanlon, T.
    Schamberger, R. D.
    Scheglov, Y.
    Schellman, H.
    Schwanenberger, C.
    Schwienhorst, R.
    Sekaric, J.
    Severini, H.
    Shabalina, E.
    Shary, V.
    Shaw, S.
    Shchukin, A. A.
    Simak, V.
    Skubic, P.
    Slattery, P.
    Smirnov, D.
    Snow, G. R.
    Snow, J.
    Snyder, S.
    Soeldner-Rembold, S.
    Sonnenschein, L.
    Soustruznik, K.
    Stark, J.
    Stoyanova, D. A.
    Strauss, M.
    Suter, L.
    Svoisky, P.
    Titov, M.
    Tokmenin, V. V.
    Tsai, Y. -T
    Tsybychev, D.
    Tuchming, B.
    Tully, C.
    Uvarov, L.
    Uvarov, S.
    Uzunyan, S.
    Van Kooten, R.
    van Leeuwen, W. M.
    Varelas, N.
    Varnes, E. W.
    Vasilyev, I. A.
    Verkheev, A. Y.
    Vertogradov, L. S.
    Verzocchi, M.
    Vesterinen, M.
    Vilanova, D.
    Vokac, P.
    Wahl, H. D.
    Wang, M. H. L. S.
    Warchol, J.
    Watts, G.
    Wayne, M.
    Weichert, J.
    Welty-Rieger, L.
    Williams, M. R. J.
    Wilson, G. W.
    Wobisch, M.
    Wood, D. R.
    Wyatt, T. R.
    Xie, Y.
    Yamada, R.
    Yang, S.
    Yasuda, T.
    Yatsunenko, Y. A.
    Ye, W.
    Ye, Z.
    Yin, H.
    Yip, K.
    Youn, S. W.
    Yu, J. M.
    Zennamo, J.
    Zhao, T. G.
    Zhou, B.
    Zhu, J.
    Zielinski, M.
    Zieminska, D.
    Zivkovic, L.
    Improved b quark jet identification at the D0 experiment2014In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 763, p. 290-303Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ability to identify jets which originated from b quarks is an important tool of the physics program of the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron p (p) over bar collider. This paper describes a new algorithm designed to select jets originating from b quarks while suppressing the contamination caused by jets from other quark flavors and gluons. Additionally, a new technique, the SystemN method, for determining the misidentification rate directly from data is presented. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 12. Abazov, V. M.
    et al.
    Abbott, B.
    Acharya, B. S.
    Adams, M.
    Adams, T.
    Agnew, J. P.
    Alexeev, G. D.
    Alkhazov, G.
    Alton, A.
    Askew, A.
    Atkins, S.
    Augsten, K.
    Avila, C.
    Badaud, F.
    Bagby, L.
    Baldin, B.
    Bandurin, D. V.
    Barberis, E.
    Baringer, P.
    Bartlett, J. F.
    Bassler, U.
    Bazterra, V.
    Bean, A.
    Begalli, M.
    Bellantoni, L.
    Beri, S. B.
    Bernardi, G.
    Bernhard, R.
    Bertram, I.
    Besancon, M.
    Beuselinck, R.
    Bhat, P. C.
    Bhatia, S.
    Bhatnagar, V.
    Blazey, G.
    Blessing, S.
    Bloom, K.
    Boehnlein, A.
    Boline, D.
    Boos, E. E.
    Borissov, G.
    Borysova, M.
    Brandt, A.
    Brandt, O.
    Brock, R.
    Bross, A.
    Brown, D.
    Bu, X. B.
    Buehler, M.
    Buescher, V.
    Bunichev, V.
    Burdin, S.
    Buszello, Claus P.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Camacho-Perez, E.
    Casey, B. C. K.
    Castilla-Valdez, H.
    Caughron, S.
    Chakrabarti, S.
    Chan, K. M.
    Chandra, A.
    Chapon, E.
    Chen, G.
    Cho, S. W.
    Choi, S.
    Choudhary, B.
    Cihangir, S.
    Claes, D.
    Clutter, J.
    Cooke, M.
    Cooper, W. E.
    Corcoran, M.
    Couderc, F.
    Cousinou, M. -C
    Cutts, D.
    Das, A.
    Davies, G.
    de Jong, S. J.
    De la Cruz-Burelo, E.
    Deliot, F.
    Demina, R.
    Denisov, D.
    Desai, S.
    Deterre, C.
    DeVaughan, K.
    Diehl, H. T.
    Diesburg, M.
    Dine, P. F.
    Dominguez, A.
    Dubey, A.
    Dudko, L. V.
    Duperrin, A.
    Dutt, S.
    Eads, M.
    Edmunds, D.
    Ellison, J.
    Elvira, V. D.
    Enari, Y.
    Evans, H.
    Evdokimov, V. N.
    Feng, L.
    Ferbel, T.
    Fiedler, F.
    Filthaut, F.
    Fisher, W.
    Fisk, H. E.
    Fortner, M.
    Fox, H.
    Fuess, S.
    Garbincius, P. H.
    Garcia-Bellido, A.
    Garcia-Gonzalez, J. A.
    Gavrilov, V.
    Geng, W.
    Gerber, C. E.
    Gershtein, Y.
    Ginther, G.
    Golovanov, G.
    Grannis, P. D.
    Greder, S.
    Greenlee, H.
    Grenier, G.
    Gris, Ph.
    Grivaz, J. -F
    Grohsjean, A.
    Gruenendahl, S.
    Gruenewald, M. W.
    Guillemin, T.
    Gutierrez, G.
    Gutierrez, P.
    Haley, J.
    Han, L.
    Harder, K.
    Harel, A.
    Hauptman, J. M.
    Hays, J.
    Head, T.
    Hebbeker, T.
    Hedin, D.
    Hegab, H.
    Heinson, A. P.
    Heintz, U.
    Hensel, C.
    Heredia-De La Cruz, I.
    Herner, K.
    Hesketh, G.
    Hildreth, M. D.
    Hirosky, R.
    Hoang, T.
    Hobbs, J. D.
    Hoeneisen, B.
    Hogan, J.
    Hohlfeld, M.
    Holzbauer, J. L.
    Howley, I.
    Hubacekg, Z.
    Hynekg, V.
    Lashvili, I.
    Ilchenko, Y.
    Illingworth, R.
    Ito, A. S.
    Jabeen, S.
    Jaffre, M.
    Jayasinghe, A.
    Jeong, M. S.
    Jesik, R.
    Jiang, P.
    Johns, K.
    Johnson, E.
    Johnson, M.
    Jonckheere, A.
    Jonsson, P.
    Joshi, J.
    Jung, A. W.
    Juste, A.
    Kajfasz, E.
    Karmanov, D.
    Katsanos, I.
    Kehoe, R.
    Kermiche, S.
    Khalatyan, N.
    Khanov, A.
    Kharchilava, A.
    Kharzheev, Y. N.
    Kiselevich, I.
    Kohli, J. M.
    Kozelov, A. V.
    Kraus, J.
    Kumar, A.
    Kupco, A.
    Kucra, T.
    Kuzmin, V. A.
    Lammers, S.
    Lebrun, P.
    Lee, H. S.
    Lee, S. W.
    Lee, W. M.
    Lei, X.
    Lellouch, J.
    Li, D.
    Li, H.
    Li, L.
    Li, Q. Z.
    Lim, J. K.
    Lincoln, D.
    Linnemann, J.
    Lipaev, V. V.
    Lipton, R.
    Liu, H.
    Liu, Y.
    Lobodenko, A.
    Lokajicek, M.
    de Sa, R. Lopes
    Luna-Garcia, R.
    Lyon, A. L.
    Maciel, A. K. A.
    Madar, R.
    Magana-Villalba, R.
    Makovec, N.
    Malik, S.
    Malyshev, V. L.
    Mansour, J.
    Martinez-Ortega, J.
    McCarthy, R.
    McGivern, C. L.
    Meijer, M. M.
    Melnitchouk, A.
    Menezes, D.
    Mercadante, G.
    Merkin, M.
    Meyers, A.
    Meyer, J.
    Miconi, F.
    Mondal, N. K.
    Mulhearn, M.
    Nagy, E.
    Narain, M.
    Nayyar, R.
    Neal, H. A.
    Negret, J. P.
    Neustroev, P.
    Nguyen, H. T.
    Nunnemann, T.
    Orduna, J.
    Osman, N.
    Osta, J.
    Pal, A.
    Parashar, N.
    Parihar, V.
    Park, S. K.
    Partridge, R.
    Parua, N.
    Patwa, A.
    Penning, B.
    Perfilov, Ni.
    Peters, Y.
    Petridis, K.
    Petrillo, G.
    Petroff, P.
    Pleier, M. -A
    Podstavkov, V. M.
    Popov, V.
    Prewitt, Ni.
    Price, D.
    Prokopenko, N.
    Ochando, C.
    Qian, J.
    Quadt, A.
    Quinn, B.
    Raja, R.
    Ratoff, P. N.
    Razumov, I.
    Ripp-Baudot, I.
    Rizatdinova, F.
    Rominsky, Ni.
    Ross, A.
    Royon, C.
    Rubinov, P.
    Ruchti, R.
    Sajot, G.
    Sanchez-Hernandez, A.
    Sanders, M. P.
    Santos, A. S.
    Savage, G.
    Sawyer, L.
    Scanlon, T.
    Schamberger, R. D.
    Scheglov, Y.
    Schellman, H.
    Schwanenberger, C.
    Schwienhorst, R.
    Sekaric, J.
    Severini, H.
    Shabalina, E.
    Shary, V.
    Shaw, S.
    Shchukin, A. A.
    Simak, V.
    Skubic, P.
    Slattery, P.
    Smirnov, D.
    Snow, G. R.
    Snow, J.
    Snyder, S.
    Soeldner-Rembold, S.
    Sonnenschein, L.
    Soustruznik, K.
    Stark, J.
    Stoyanova, D. A.
    Strauss, M.
    Suter, L.
    Svoisky, P.
    Titov, M.
    Tokmenin, V. V.
    Tsai, Y. -T
    Tsybychev, D.
    Tuchming, B.
    Tully, C.
    Uvarov, L.
    Uvarov, S.
    Uzunyan, S.
    Van Kooten, R.
    van Leeuwen, W. M.
    Varelas, N.
    Varnes, E. W.
    Vasilyev, I. A.
    Verkheev, A. Y.
    Vertogradov, L. S.
    Verzocchi, M.
    Vesterinen, M.
    Vilanova, D.
    Vokac, P.
    Wahl, H. D.
    Wang, M. H. L. S.
    Warchol, J.
    Watts, G.
    Wayne, M.
    Weichert, J.
    Welty-Rieger, L.
    Williams, M. R. J.
    Wilson, W.
    Wobisch, Ni.
    Wood, D. R.
    Wyatt, T. R.
    Xie, Y.
    Yamada, R.
    Yang, S.
    Yasuda, T.
    Yatsunenko, Y. A.
    Ye, W.
    Ye, Z.
    Yin, H.
    Yip, K.
    Youn, S. W.
    Yu, J. M.
    Zennamo, J.
    Zhao, T. G.
    Zhou, B.
    Zhu, J.
    Zielinski, M.
    Zieminska, D.
    Zivkovic, L.
    Jet energy scale determination in the DO experiment2014In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 763, p. 442-475Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The calibration of jet energy measured in the DO detector is presented, based on p (p) over bar collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider, jet energies are measured using a sampling calorimeter composed of uranium and liquid argon as the passive and active media, respectively. This paper describes the energy calibration of jets performed with gamma+jet, Z+jet and dilet events, with jet transverse momentum p(T) > 6 GeV and pseudorapidity range vertical bar eta vertical bar < 3.6, The corrections are measured separately for data and simulation, achieving a precision of 1.4-1.8% for jets in the central part of the calorimeter ancl up to 3.5% for the jets with pseudorapidity vertical bar eta vertical bar = 3.0. Specific corrections are extracted to enhance the description of jet energy in simulation and in particular of the effects due to the flavor of the parton originating the jet, correcting biases up to 3-4% in jets with low PT originating from gluons and up to 6-8% in jets from b quarks. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  • 13. Abazov, V. M.
    et al.
    Strandberg, Jonas
    Univ Michigan, Ann Arbor.
    Zivkovic, L.
    et al.,
    b-Jet identification in the D0 experiment2010In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 620, no 2-3, p. 490-517Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Algorithms distinguishing jets originating from b quarks from other jet flavors are important tools in the physics program of the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron p (p) over bar collider. This article describes the methods that have been used to identify b-quark jets, exploiting in particular the long lifetimes of b-flavored hadrons, and the calibration of the performance of these algorithms based on collider data.

  • 14. Abazov, V. M.
    et al.
    Strandberg, Jonas
    Univ Michigan, Ann Arbor.
    Zverev, E. G.
    et al.,
    A novel method for modeling the recoil in W boson events at hadron colliders2009In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 609, no 2-3, p. 250-262Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a new method for modeling the hadronic recoil in W -> lv events produced at hadron colliders. The recoil is chosen from a library of recoils in Z -> ll data events and overlaid on a simulated W -> lv event. Implementation of this method requires that the data recoil library describe the proper-ties of the measured recoil as a function of the true, rather than the measured, transverse momentum of the boson. We address this issue using a multidimensional Bayesian unfolding technique. We estimate the statistical and systematic uncertainties from this method for the W boson mass and width measurements assuming 1 fb(-1) of data from the Fermilab Tevatron. The uncertainties are found to be small and comparable to those of a more traditional parameterized recoil model. For the highprecision measurements that will be possible with data from Run 11 of the Fermilab Tevatron and from the CERN LHC, the method presented in this paper may be advantageous, since it does not require an understanding of the measured recoil from first principles.

  • 15. Abazov, V. M.
    et al.
    Åsman, Barbro
    Clément, Christophe
    Gollub, Nils
    Strandberg, Jonas
    Zylberstejn, A.
    et al.,
    The upgraded DO detector2006In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 565, no 2, p. 463-537Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The DO experiment enjoyed a very successful data-collection run at the Fermilab Tevatron collider between 1992 and 1996. Since then, the detector has been upgraded to take advantage of improvements to the Tevatron and to enhance its physics capabilities. We describe the new elements of the detector, including the silicon microstrip tracker, central fiber tracker, solenoidal magnet, preshower detectors, forward muon detector, and forward proton detector. The uranium/liquid -argon calorimeters and central muon detector, remaining from Run 1, are discussed briefly. We also present the associated electronics, triggering, and data acquisition systems, along with the design and implementation of software specific to DO.

  • 16. Abbasi, R.
    et al.
    Abdou, Y.
    Abu-Zayyad, T.
    Adams, J.
    Aguilar, J. A.
    Ahlers, M.
    Andeen, K.
    Auffenberg, J.
    Bai, X.
    Baker, M.
    Barwick, S. W.
    Bay, R.
    Alba, J. L. B.
    Beattie, K.
    Beatty, J. J.
    Bechet, S.
    Becker, J. K.
    Becker, K. H.
    Benabderrahmane, M. L.
    Berdermann, J.
    Berghaus, P.
    Berley, D.
    Bernardini, E.
    Bertrand, D.
    Besson, D. Z.
    Bissok, M.
    Blaufuss, E.
    Boersma, D. J.
    Bohm, C.
    Botner, O.
    Bradley, L.
    Braun, J.
    Buitink, S.
    Carson, M.
    Chirkin, D.
    Christy, B.
    Clem, J.
    Cohen, S.
    Colnard, C.
    Cowen, D. F.
    D'Agostino, M. V.
    Danninger, M.
    De Clercq, C.
    Demirors, L.
    Depaepe, O.
    Descamps, F.
    Desiati, P.
    de Vries-Uiterweerd, G.
    DeYoung, T.
    Diaz-Velez, J. C.
    Dreyer, J.
    Dumm, J. P.
    Duvoort, M. R.
    Ehrlich, R.
    Eisch, J.
    Ellsworth, R. W.
    Engdegard, O.
    Euler, S.
    Evenson, P. A.
    Fadiran, O.
    Fazely, A. R.
    Feusels, T.
    Filimonov, K.
    Finley, C.
    Foerster, M. M.
    Fox, B. D.
    Franckowiak, A.
    Franke, R.
    Gaisser, T. K.
    Gallagher, J.
    Ganugapati, R.
    Geisler, M.
    Gerhardt, L.
    Gladstone, L.
    Goldschmidt, A.
    Goodman, J. A.
    Grant, D.
    Griesel, T.
    Gross, A.
    Grullon, S.
    Gunasingha, R. M.
    Gurtner, M.
    Ha, C.
    Hallgren, A.
    Halzen, F.
    Han, K.
    Hanson, K.
    Hasegawa, Y.
    Haugen, J.
    Helbing, K.
    Herquet, P.
    Hickford, S.
    Hill, G. C.
    Hoffman, K. D.
    Homeier, A.
    Hoshina, K.
    Hubert, D.
    Huelsnitz, W.
    Hulss, J. P.
    Hulth, P. O.
    Hultqvist, K.
    Hussain, S.
    Imlay, R. L.
    Inaba, M.
    Ishihara, A.
    Jacobsen, J.
    Japaridze, G. S.
    Johansson, H.
    Joseph, J. M.
    Kampert, K. H.
    Kappes, A.
    Karg, T.
    Karle, A.
    Kelley, J. L.
    Kemming, N.
    Kenny, P.
    Kiryluk, J.
    Kislat, F.
    Kitamura, N.
    Klein, S. R.
    Knops, S.
    Kohnen, G.
    Kolanoski, H.
    Kopke, L.
    Koskinen, D. J.
    Kowalski, M.
    Kowarik, T.
    Krasberg, M.
    Krings, T.
    Kroll, G.
    Kuehn, K.
    Kuwabara, T.
    Labare, M.
    Lafebre, S.
    Laihem, K.
    Landsman, H.
    Lauer, R.
    Laundrie, A.
    Lehmann, R.
    Lennarz, D.
    Lunemann, J.
    Madsen, J.
    Majumdar, P.
    Maruyama, R.
    Mase, K.
    Matis, H. S.
    Matusik, M.
    Meagher, K.
    Merck, M.
    Meszaros, P.
    Meures, T.
    Middell, E.
    Milke, N.
    Miyamoto, H.
    Montaruli, T.
    Morse, R.
    Movit, S. M.
    Nahnhauer, R.
    Nam, J. W.
    Naumann, U.
    Niessen, P.
    Nygren, D. R.
    Odrowski, S.
    Olivas, A.
    Olivo, M.
    Ono, M.
    Panknin, S.
    Paul, L.
    de los Heros, C. P.
    Petrovic, J.
    Piegsa, A.
    Pieloth, D.
    Pohl, A. C.
    Porrata, R.
    Posselt, J.
    Price, P. B.
    Prikockis, M.
    Przybylski, G. T.
    Rawlins, K.
    Redl, P.
    Resconi, E.
    Rhode, W.
    Ribordy, M.
    Rizzo, A.
    Robl, P.
    Rodrigues, J. P.
    Roth, P.
    Rothmaier, F.
    Rott, C.
    Roucelle, C.
    Rutledge, D.
    Ruzybayev, B.
    Ryckbosch, D.
    Sander, H. G.
    Sandstrom, P.
    Sarkar, S.
    Schatto, K.
    Schlenstedt, S.
    Schmidt, T.
    Schneider, D.
    Schukraft, A.
    Schultes, A.
    Schulz, O.
    Schunck, M.
    Seckel, D.
    Semburg, B.
    Seo, S. H.
    Sestayo, Y.
    Seunarine, S.
    Silvestri, A.
    Slipak, A.
    Spiczak, G. M.
    Spiering, C.
    Stamatikos, M.
    Stanev, T.
    Stephens, G.
    Stezelberger, T.
    Stokstad, R. G.
    Stoyanov, S.
    Strahler, E. A.
    Straszheim, T.
    Sullivan, G. W.
    Swillens, Q.
    Taboada, I.
    Tamburro, A.
    Tarasova, O.
    Tepe, A.
    Ter-Antonyan, S.
    Terranova, C.
    Tilav, S.
    Toale, P. A.
    Tosi, D.
    Turcan, D.
    van Eijndhoven, N.
    Vandenbroucke, J.
    Van Overloop, A.
    van Santen, J.
    Voigt, B.
    Wahl, D.
    Walck, C.
    Waldenmaier, T.
    Wallraff, M.
    Walter, M.
    Wendt, C.
    Westerhoff, S.
    Whitehorn, N.
    Wiebe, K.
    Wiebusch, C. H.
    Wikstrom, G.
    Williams, D. R.
    Wischnewski, R.
    Wissing, H.
    Woschnagg, K.
    Xu, C.
    Xu, X. W.
    Yodh, G.
    Yoshida, S.
    Zarzhitsky, P.
    Calibration and characterization of the IceCube photomultiplier tube2010In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 618Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over 5000 PMTs are being deployed at the South Pole to compose the IceCube neutrino observatory. Many are placed deep in the ice to detect Cherenkov light emitted by the products of high-energy neutrino interactions, and others are frozen into tanks on the surface to detect particles from atmospheric cosmic ray showers. IceCube is using the 10-in. diameter R7081-02 made by Hamamatsu Photonics. This paper describes the laboratory characterization and calibration of these PMTs before deployment. PMTs were illuminated with pulses ranging from single photons to saturation level. Parameterizations are given for the single photoelectron charge spectrum and the saturation behavior. Time resolution, late pulses and afterpulses are characterized. Because the PMTs are relatively large, the cathode sensitivity uniformity was measured. The absolute photon detection efficiency was calibrated using Rayleigh-scattered photons from a nitrogen laser. Measured characteristics are discussed in the context of their relevance to IceCube event reconstruction and simulation efforts. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 17. Abbasi, R.
    et al.
    Abdou, Y.
    Abu-Zayyad, T.
    Adams, J.
    Aguilar, J. A.
    Ahlers, M.
    Andeen, K.
    Auffenberg, J.
    Bai, X.
    Baker, M.
    Barwick, S. W.
    Bay, R.
    Alba, J. L. Bazo
    Beattie, K.
    Beatty, J. J.
    Bechet, S.
    Becker, J. K.
    Becker, K. -H
    Benabderrahmane, M. L.
    Berdermann, J.
    Berghaus, P.
    Berley, D.
    Bernardini, E.
    Bertrand, D.
    Besson, D. Z.
    Bissok, M.
    Blaufuss, E.
    Boersma, D. J.
    Bohm, C.
    Botner, O.
    Bradley, L.
    Braun, J.
    Buitink, S.
    Carson, M.
    Chirkin, D.
    Christy, B.
    Clem, J.
    Cohen, S.
    Colnard, C.
    Cowen, D. F.
    D'Agostino, M. V.
    Danninger, M.
    De Clercq, C.
    Demiroers, L.
    Depaepe, O.
    Descamps, F.
    Desiati, P.
    de Vries-Uiterweerd, G.
    DeYoung, T.
    Diaz-Velez, J. C.
    Dreyer, J.
    Dumm, J. P.
    Duvoort, M. R.
    Ehrlich, R.
    Eisch, J.
    Ellsworth, R. W.
    Engdegard, O.
    Euler, S.
    Evenson, P. A.
    Fadiran, O.
    Fazely, A. R.
    Feusels, T.
    Filimonov, K.
    Finley, C.
    Foerster, M. M.
    Fox, B. D.
    Franckowiak, A.
    Franke, R.
    Gaisser, T. K.
    Gallagher, J.
    Ganugapati, R.
    Geisler, M.
    Gerhardt, L.
    Gladstone, L.
    Goldschmidt, A.
    Goodman, J. A.
    Grant, D.
    Griesel, T.
    Gross, A.
    Grullon, S.
    Gunasingha, R. M.
    Gurtner, M.
    Ha, C.
    Hallgren, A.
    Halzen, F.
    Han, K.
    Hanson, K.
    Hasegawa, Y.
    Haugen, J.
    Helbing, K.
    Herquet, P.
    Hickford, S.
    Hill, G. C.
    Hoffman, K. D.
    Homeier, A.
    Hoshina, K.
    Hubert, D.
    Huelsnitz, W.
    Huelss, J. -P
    Hulth, P. O.
    Hultqvist, K.
    Hussain, S.
    Imlay, R. L.
    Inaba, M.
    Ishihara, A.
    Jacobsen, J.
    Japaridze, G. S.
    Johansson, H.
    Joseph, J. M.
    Kampert, K. -H
    Kappes, A.
    Karg, T.
    Karle, A.
    Kelley, J. L.
    Kemming, N.
    Kenny, P.
    Kiryluk, J.
    Kislat, F.
    Kitamura, N.
    Klein, S. R.
    Knops, S.
    Kohnen, G.
    Kolanoski, H.
    Koepke, L.
    Koskinen, D. J.
    Kowalski, M.
    Kowarik, T.
    Krasberg, M.
    Krings, T.
    Kroll, G.
    Kuehn, K.
    Kuwabara, T.
    Labare, M.
    Lafebre, S.
    Laihem, K.
    Landsman, H.
    Lauer, R.
    Laundrie, A.
    Lehmann, R.
    Lennarz, D.
    Luenemann, J.
    Madsen, J.
    Majumdar, P.
    Maruyama, R.
    Mase, K.
    Matis, H. S.
    Matusik, M.
    Meagher, K.
    Merck, M.
    Meszaros, P.
    Meures, T.
    Middell, E.
    Milke, N.
    Miyamoto, H.
    Montaruli, T.
    Morse, R.
    Movit, S. M.
    Nahnhauer, R.
    Nam, J. W.
    Naumann, U.
    Niessen, P.
    Nygren, D. R.
    Odrowski, S.
    Olivas, A.
    Olivo, M.
    Ono, M.
    Panknin, S.
    Paul, L.
    de los Heros, C. Perez
    Petrovic, J.
    Piegsa, A.
    Pieloth, D.
    Pohl, Arvid
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Porrata, R.
    Posselt, J.
    Price, P. B.
    Prikockis, M.
    Przybylski, G. T.
    Rawlins, K.
    Redl, P.
    Resconi, E.
    Rhode, W.
    Ribordy, M.
    Rizzo, A.
    Robl, P.
    Rodrigues, J. P.
    Roth, P.
    Rothmaier, F.
    Rott, C.
    Roucelle, C.
    Rutledge, D.
    Ruzybayev, B.
    Ryckbosch, D.
    Sander, H. -G
    Sandstrom, P.
    Sarkar, S.
    Schatto, K.
    Schlenstedt, S.
    Schmidt, T.
    Schneider, D.
    Schukraft, A.
    Schultes, A.
    Schulz, O.
    Schunck, M.
    Seckel, D.
    Semburg, B.
    Seo, S. H.
    Sestayo, Y.
    Seunarine, S.
    Silvestri, A.
    Slipak, A.
    Spiczak, G. M.
    Spiering, C.
    Stamatikos, M.
    Stanev, T.
    Stephens, G.
    Stezelberger, T.
    Stokstad, R. G.
    Stoyanov, S.
    Strahler, E. A.
    Straszheim, T.
    Sullivan, G. W.
    Swillens, Q.
    Taboada, I.
    Tamburro, A.
    Tarasova, O.
    Tepe, A.
    Ter-Antonyan, S.
    Terranova, C.
    Tilav, S.
    Toale, P. A.
    Tosi, D.
    Turcan, D.
    van Eijndhoven, N.
    Vandenbroucke, J.
    Van Overloop, A.
    van Santen, J.
    Voigt, B.
    Wahl, D.
    Walck, C.
    Waldenmaier, T.
    Wallraff, M.
    Walter, M.
    Wendt, C.
    Westerhoff, S.
    Whitehorn, N.
    Wiebe, K.
    Wiebusch, C. H.
    Wikstrom, G.
    Williams, D. R.
    Wischnewski, R.
    Wissing, H.
    Woschnagg, K.
    Xu, C.
    Xu, X. W.
    Yodh, G.
    Yoshida, S.
    Zarzhitsky, P.
    Calibration and characterization of the IceCube photomultiplier tube2010In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 618, no 1-3, p. 139-152Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over 5000 PMTs are being deployed at the South Pole to compose the IceCube neutrino observatory. Many are placed deep in the ice to detect Cherenkov light emitted by the products of high-energy neutrino interactions, and others are frozen into tanks on the surface to detect particles from atmospheric cosmic ray showers. IceCube is using the 10-in. diameter R7081-02 made by Hamamatsu Photonics. This paper describes the laboratory characterization and calibration of these PMTs before deployment. PMTs were illuminated with pulses ranging from single photons to saturation level. Parameterizations are given for the single photoelectron charge spectrum and the saturation behavior. Time resolution, late pulses and afterpulses are characterized. Because the PMTs are relatively large, the cathode sensitivity uniformity was measured. The absolute photon detection efficiency was calibrated using Rayleigh-scattered photons from a nitrogen laser. Measured characteristics are discussed in the context of their relevance to IceCube event reconstruction and simulation efforts. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 18. Abbasi, R.
    et al.
    Abdou, Y.
    Abu-Zayyad, T.
    Adams, J.
    Aguilar, J. A.
    Ahlers, M.
    Andeen, K.
    Auffenberg, J.
    Bai, X.
    Baker, M.
    Barwick, S. W.
    Bay, R.
    Alba, J. L. Bazo
    Beattie, K.
    Beatty, J. J.
    Bechet, S.
    Becker, J. K.
    Becker, K. -H
    Benabderrahmane, M. L.
    Berdermann, J.
    Berghaus, P.
    Berley, D.
    Bernardini, E.
    Bertrand, D.
    Besson, D. Z.
    Bissok, M.
    Blaufuss, E.
    Boersma, D. J.
    Bohm, C.
    Botner, Olga
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Bradley, L.
    Braun, J.
    Buitink, S.
    Carson, M.
    Chirkin, D.
    Christy, B.
    Clem, J.
    Cohen, S.
    Colnard, C.
    Cowen, D. F.
    D'Agostino, M. V.
    Danninger, M.
    De Clercq, C.
    Demiroers, L.
    Depaepe, O.
    Descamps, F.
    Desiati, P.
    de Vries-Uiterweerd, G.
    DeYoung, T.
    Diaz-Velez, J. C.
    Dreyer, J.
    Dumm, J. P.
    Duvoort, M. R.
    Ehrlich, R.
    Eisch, J.
    Ellsworth, R. W.
    Engdegård, Olle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Euler, S.
    Evenson, P. A.
    Fadiran, O.
    Fazely, A. R.
    Feusels, T.
    Filimonov, K.
    Finley, C.
    Foerster, M. M.
    Fox, B. D.
    Franckowiak, A.
    Franke, R.
    Gaisser, T. K.
    Gallagher, J.
    Ganugapati, R.
    Geisler, M.
    Gerhardt, L.
    Gladstone, L.
    Goldschmidt, A.
    Goodman, J. A.
    Grant, D.
    Griesel, T.
    Gross, A.
    Grullon, S.
    Gunasingha, R. M.
    Gurtner, M.
    Ha, C.
    Hallgren, Allan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Halzen, F.
    Han, K.
    Hanson, K.
    Hasegawa, Y.
    Haugen, J.
    Helbing, K.
    Herquet, P.
    Hickford, S.
    Hill, G. C.
    Hoffman, K. D.
    Homeier, A.
    Hoshina, K.
    Hubert, D.
    Huelsnitz, W.
    Huelss, J. -P
    Hulth, P. O.
    Hultqvist, K.
    Hussain, S.
    Imlay, R. L.
    Inaba, M.
    Ishihara, A.
    Jacobsen, J.
    Japaridze, G. S.
    Johansson, H.
    Joseph, J. M.
    Kampert, K. -H
    Kappes, A.
    Karg, T.
    Karle, A.
    Kelley, J. L.
    Kemming, N.
    Kenny, P.
    Kiryluk, J.
    Kislat, F.
    Kitamura, N.
    Klein, S. R.
    Knops, S.
    Kohnen, G.
    Kolanoski, H.
    Koepke, L.
    Koskinen, D. J.
    Kowalski, M.
    Kowarik, T.
    Krasberg, M.
    Krings, T.
    Kroll, G.
    Kuehn, K.
    Kuwabara, T.
    Labare, M.
    Lafebre, S.
    Laihem, K.
    Landsman, H.
    Lauer, R.
    Laundrie, A.
    Lehmann, R.
    Lennarz, D.
    Luenemann, J.
    Madsen, J.
    Majumdar, P.
    Maruyama, R.
    Mase, K.
    Matis, H. S.
    Matusik, M.
    Meagher, K.
    Merck, M.
    Meszaros, P.
    Meures, T.
    Middell, E.
    Milke, N.
    Miyamoto, H.
    Montaruli, T.
    Morse, R.
    Movit, S. M.
    Nahnhauer, R.
    Nam, J. W.
    Naumann, U.
    Niessen, P.
    Nygren, D. R.
    Odrowski, S.
    Olivas, A.
    Olivo, Martino
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Ono, M.
    Panknin, S.
    Paul, L.
    de los Heros, Carlos Perez
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Petrovic, J.
    Piegsa, A.
    Pieloth, D.
    Pohl, Arvid C.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Porrata, R.
    Posselt, J.
    Price, P. B.
    Prikockis, M.
    Przybylski, G. T.
    Rawlins, K.
    Redl, P.
    Resconi, E.
    Rhode, W.
    Ribordy, M.
    Rizzo, A.
    Robl, P.
    Rodrigues, J. P.
    Roth, P.
    Rothmaier, F.
    Rott, C.
    Roucelle, C.
    Rutledge, D.
    Ruzybayev, B.
    Ryckbosch, D.
    Sander, H. -G
    Sandstrom, P.
    Sarkar, S.
    Schatto, K.
    Schlenstedt, S.
    Schmidt, T.
    Schneider, D.
    Schukraft, A.
    Schultes, A.
    Schulz, O.
    Schunck, M.
    Seckel, D.
    Semburg, B.
    Seo, S. H.
    Sestayo, Y.
    Seunarine, S.
    Silvestri, A.
    Slipak, A.
    Spiczak, G. M.
    Spiering, C.
    Stamatikos, M.
    Stanev, T.
    Stephens, G.
    Stezelberger, T.
    Stokstad, R. G.
    Stoyanov, S.
    Strahler, E. A.
    Straszheim, T.
    Sullivan, G. W.
    Swillens, Q.
    Taboada, I.
    Tamburro, A.
    Tarasova, O.
    Tepe, A.
    Ter-Antonyan, S.
    Terranova, C.
    Tilav, S.
    Toale, P. A.
    Tosi, D.
    Turcan, D.
    van Eijndhoven, N.
    Vandenbroucke, J.
    Van Overloop, A.
    van Santen, J.
    Voigt, B.
    Wahl, D.
    Walck, C.
    Waldenmaier, T.
    Wallraff, M.
    Walter, M.
    Wendt, C.
    Westerhoff, S.
    Whitehorn, N.
    Wiebe, K.
    Wiebusch, C. H.
    Wikstrom, G.
    Williams, D. R.
    Wischnewski, R.
    Wissing, H.
    Woschnagg, K.
    Xu, C.
    Xu, X. W.
    Yodh, G.
    Yoshida, S.
    Zarzhitsky, P.
    Calibration and characterization of the IceCube photomultiplier tube2010In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 618, no 1-3, p. 139-152Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over 5000 PMTs are being deployed at the South Pole to compose the IceCube neutrino observatory. Many are placed deep in the ice to detect Cherenkov light emitted by the products of high-energy neutrino interactions, and others are frozen into tanks on the surface to detect particles from atmospheric cosmic ray showers. IceCube is using the 10-in. diameter R7081-02 made by Hamamatsu Photonics. This paper describes the laboratory characterization and calibration of these PMTs before deployment. PMTs were illuminated with pulses ranging from single photons to saturation level. Parameterizations are given for the single photoelectron charge spectrum and the saturation behavior. Time resolution, late pulses and afterpulses are characterized. Because the PMTs are relatively large, the cathode sensitivity uniformity was measured. The absolute photon detection efficiency was calibrated using Rayleigh-scattered photons from a nitrogen laser. Measured characteristics are discussed in the context of their relevance to IceCube event reconstruction and simulation efforts.

  • 19. Abbasi, R.
    et al.
    Abdou, Y.
    Ackermann, M.
    Adams, J.
    Aguilar, J. A.
    Ahlers, M.
    Altmann, D.
    Andeen, K.
    Auffenberg, J.
    Bai, X.
    Baker, M.
    Barwick, S. W.
    Baum, V.
    Bay, R.
    Beattie, K.
    Beatty, J. J.
    Bechet, S.
    Becker Tjus, J.
    Becker, K. -H
    Bell, M.
    Benabderrahmane, M. L.
    Benzvi, S.
    Berdermann, J.
    Berghaus, P.
    Berley, D.
    Bernardini, E.
    Bertrand, D.
    Besson, D. Z.
    Bindig, D.
    Bissok, M.
    Blaufuss, E.
    Blumenthal, J.
    Boersma, D. J.
    Bohm, C.
    Bose, D.
    Böser, S.
    Botner, Olga
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Brayeur, L.
    Brown, A. M.
    Bruijn, R.
    Brunner, J.
    Buitink, S.
    Carson, M.
    Casey, J.
    Casier, M.
    Chirkin, D.
    Christy, B.
    Clevermann, F.
    Cohen, S.
    Cowen, D. F.
    Cruz Silva, A. H.
    Danninger, M.
    Daughhetee, J.
    Davis, J. C.
    De Clercq, C.
    Descamps, F.
    Desiati, P.
    De Vries-Uiterweerd, G.
    Deyoung, T.
    Díaz-Vélez, J. C.
    Dreyer, J.
    Dumm, J. P.
    Dunkman, M.
    Eagan, R.
    Eisch, J.
    Ellsworth, R. W.
    Engdegård, Olle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Euler, S.
    Evenson, P. A.
    Fadiran, O.
    Fazely, A. R.
    Fedynitch, A.
    Feintzeig, J.
    Feusels, T.
    Filimonov, K.
    Finley, C.
    Fischer-Wasels, T.
    Flis, S.
    Franckowiak, A.
    Franke, R.
    Frantzen, K.
    Fuchs, T.
    Gaisser, T. K.
    Gallagher, J.
    Gerhardt, L.
    Gladstone, L.
    Glüsenkamp, T.
    Goldschmidt, A.
    Goodman, J. A.
    Góra, D.
    Grant, D.
    Groß, A.
    Grullon, S.
    Gurtner, M.
    Ha, C.
    Haj Ismail, A.
    Hallgren, Allan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Halzen, F.
    Hanson, K.
    Heereman, D.
    Heimann, P.
    Heinen, D.
    Helbing, K.
    Hellauer, R.
    Hickford, S.
    Hill, G. C.
    Hoffman, K. D.
    Hoffmann, R.
    Homeier, A.
    Hoshina, K.
    Huelsnitz, W.
    Hulth, P. O.
    Hultqvist, K.
    Hussain, S.
    Ishihara, A.
    Jacobi, E.
    Jacobsen, J.
    Japaridze, G. S.
    Jlelati, O.
    Kappes, A.
    Karg, T.
    Karle, A.
    Kiryluk, J.
    Kislat, F.
    Kläs, J.
    Klein, S. R.
    Köhne, J. -H
    Kohnen, G.
    Kolanoski, H.
    Köpke, L.
    Kopper, C.
    Kopper, S.
    Koskinen, D. J.
    Kowalski, M.
    Krasberg, M.
    Kroll, G.
    Kunnen, J.
    Kurahashi, N.
    Kuwabara, T.
    Labare, M.
    Laihem, K.
    Landsman, H.
    Larson, M. J.
    Lauer, R.
    Lesiak-Bzdak, M.
    Lünemann, J.
    Madsen, J.
    Maruyama, R.
    Mase, K.
    Matis, H. S.
    McNally, F.
    Meagher, K.
    Merck, M.
    Mészáros, P.
    Meures, T.
    Miarecki, S.
    Middell, E.
    Milke, N.
    Miller, J.
    Mohrmann, L.
    Montaruli, T.
    Morse, R.
    Movit, S. M.
    Nahnhauer, R.
    Naumann, U.
    Nowicki, S. C.
    Nygren, D. R.
    Obertacke, A.
    Odrowski, S.
    Olivas, A.
    Olivo, M.
    O'Murchadha, A.
    Panknin, S.
    Paul, L.
    Pepper, J. A.
    Pérez De Los Heros, Carlos
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Pieloth, D.
    Pirk, N.
    Posselt, J.
    Price, P. B.
    Przybylski, G. T.
    Rädel, L.
    Rawlins, K.
    Redl, P.
    Resconi, E.
    Rhode, W.
    Ribordy, M.
    Richman, M.
    Riedel, B.
    Rodrigues, J. P.
    Rothmaier, F.
    Rott, C.
    Ruhe, T.
    Ruzybayev, B.
    Ryckbosch, D.
    Saba, S. M.
    Salameh, T.
    Sander, H. -G
    Santander, M.
    Sarkar, S.
    Schatto, K.
    Scheel, M.
    Scheriau, F.
    Schmidt, T.
    Schmitz, M.
    Schoenen, S.
    Schöneberg, S.
    Schönherr, L.
    Schönwald, A.
    Schukraft, A.
    Schulte, L.
    Schulz, O.
    Seckel, D.
    Seo, S. H.
    Sestayo, Y.
    Seunarine, S.
    Smith, M. W. E.
    Soiron, M.
    Soldin, D.
    Spiczak, G. M.
    Spiering, C.
    Stamatikos, M.
    Stanev, T.
    Stasik, A.
    Stezelberger, T.
    Stokstad, R. G.
    Stößl, A.
    Strahler, E. A.
    Ström, Rickard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Sullivan, G. W.
    Taavola, Henric
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Taboada, I.
    Tamburro, A.
    Ter-Antonyan, S.
    Tilav, S.
    Toale, P. A.
    Toscano, S.
    Usner, M.
    Van Der Drift, D.
    Van Eijndhoven, N.
    Van Overloop, A.
    Van Santen, J.
    Vehring, M.
    Voge, M.
    Walck, C.
    Waldenmaier, T.
    Wallraff, M.
    Walter, M.
    Wasserman, R.
    Weaver, C.
    Wendt, C.
    Westerhoff, S.
    Whitehorn, N.
    Wiebe, K.
    Wiebusch, C. H.
    Williams, D. R.
    Wissing, H.
    Wolf, M.
    Wood, T. R.
    Woschnagg, K.
    Xu, C.
    Xu, D. L.
    Xu, X. W.
    Yanez, J. P.
    Yodh, G.
    Yoshida, S.
    Zarzhitsky, P.
    Ziemann, J.
    Zilles, A.
    Zoll, M.
    An improved method for measuring muon energy using the truncated mean of dE/dx2013In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 703, p. 190-198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The measurement of muon energy is critical for many analyses in large Cherenkov detectors, particularly those that involve separating extraterrestrial neutrinos from the atmospheric neutrino background. Muon energy has traditionally been determined by measuring the specific energy loss (dE/dx) along the muon's path and relating the dE/dx to the muon energy. Because high-energy muons (Eμ&gt;1TeV) lose energy randomly, the spread in dE/dx values is quite large, leading to a typical energy resolution of 0.29 in log10(Eμ) for a muon observed over a 1 km path length in the IceCube detector. In this paper, we present an improved method that uses a truncated mean and other techniques to determine the muon energy. The muon track is divided into separate segments with individual dE/dx values. The elimination of segments with the highest dE/dx results in an overall dE/dx that is more closely correlated to the muon energy. This method results in an energy resolution of 0.22 in log10(Eμ), which gives a 26% improvement. This technique is applicable to any large water or ice detector and potentially to large scintillator or liquid argon detectors.

  • 20. Abbasi, R.
    et al.
    Abdou, Y.
    Ackermann, M.
    Adams, J.
    Aguilar, J. A.
    Ahlers, M.
    Altmann, D.
    Andeen, K.
    Auffenberg, J.
    Bai, X.
    Baker, M.
    Barwick, S. W.
    Baum, V.
    Bay, R.
    Beattie, K.
    Beatty, J. J.
    Bechet, S.
    BeckerTjus, J.
    Becker, K. H.
    Bell, M.
    Benabderrahmane, M. L.
    BenZvi, S.
    Berdermann, J.
    Berghaus, P.
    Berley, D.
    Bernardini, E.
    Bertrand, D.
    Besson, D. Z.
    Bindig, D.
    Bissok, M.
    Blaufuss, E.
    Blumenthal, J.
    Boersma, D. J.
    Bohm, C.
    Bose, D.
    Boser, S.
    Botner, O.
    Brayeur, L.
    Brown, A. M.
    Bruijn, R.
    Brunner, J.
    Buitink, S.
    Carson, M.
    Casey, J.
    Casier, M.
    Chirkin, D.
    Christy, B.
    Clevermann, F.
    Cohen, S.
    Cowen, D. F.
    Silva, A. H. C.
    Danninger, M.
    Daughhetee, J.
    Davis, J. C.
    De Clercq, C.
    Descamps, F.
    Desiati, P.
    de Vries-Uiterweerd, G.
    DeYoung, T.
    Diaz-Velez, J. C.
    Dreyer, J.
    Dumm, J. P.
    Dunkman, M.
    Eagan, R.
    Eisch, J.
    Ellsworth, R. W.
    Engdegard, O.
    Euler, S.
    Evenson, P. A.
    Fadiran, O.
    Fazely, A. R.
    Fedynitch, A.
    Feintzeig, J.
    Feusels, T.
    Filimonov, K.
    Finley, C.
    Fischer-Wasels, T.
    Flis, S.
    Franckowiak, A.
    Franke, R.
    Frantzen, K.
    Fuchs, T.
    Gaisser, T. K.
    Gallagher, J.
    Gerhardt, L.
    Gladstone, L.
    Glusenkamp, T.
    Goldschmidt, A.
    Goodman, J. A.
    Gora, D.
    Grant, D.
    Gross, A.
    Grullon, S.
    Gurtner, M.
    Ha, C.
    Ismail, A. H.
    Hallgren, A.
    Halzen, F.
    Hanson, K.
    Heereman, D.
    Heimann, P.
    Heinen, D.
    Helbing, K.
    Hellauer, R.
    Hickford, S.
    Hill, G. C.
    Hoffman, K. D.
    Hoffmann, R.
    Homeier, A.
    Hoshina, K.
    Huelsnitz, W.
    Hulth, P. O.
    Hultqvist, K.
    Hussain, S.
    Ishihara, A.
    Jacobi, E.
    Jacobsen, J.
    Japaridze, G. S.
    Jlelati, O.
    Kappes, A.
    Karg, T.
    Karle, A.
    Kiryluk, J.
    Kislat, F.
    Klas, J.
    Klein, S. R.
    Kohne, J. H.
    Kohnen, G.
    Kolanoski, H.
    Kopke, L.
    Kopper, C.
    Kopper, S.
    Koskinen, D. J.
    Kowalski, M.
    Krasberg, M.
    Kroll, G.
    Kunnen, J.
    Kurahashi, N.
    Kuwabara, T.
    Labare, M.
    Laihem, K.
    Landsman, H.
    Larson, M. J.
    Lauer, R.
    Lesiak-Bzdak, M.
    Unemann, J. L.
    Madsen, J.
    Maruyama, R.
    Mase, K.
    Matis, H. S.
    McNally, F.
    Meagher, K.
    Merck, M.
    Meszaros, P.
    Meures, T.
    Miarecki, S.
    Middell, E.
    Milke, N.
    Miller, J.
    Mohrmann, L.
    Montaruli, T.
    Morse, R.
    Movit, S. M.
    Nahnhauer, R.
    Naumann, U.
    Nowicki, S. C.
    Nygren, D. R.
    Obertacke, A.
    Odrowski, S.
    Olivas, A.
    Olivo, M.
    O'Murchadha, A.
    Panknin, S.
    Paul, L.
    Pepper, J. A.
    de los Heros, C.
    Pieloth, D.
    Pirk, N.
    Posselt, J.
    Price, P. B.
    Przybylski, G. T.
    Radel, L.
    Rawlins, K.
    Redl, P.
    Resconi, E.
    Rhode, W.
    Ribordy, M.
    Richman, M.
    Riedel, B.
    Rodrigues, J. P.
    Rothmaier, F.
    Rott, C.
    Ruhe, T.
    Ruzybayev, B.
    Ryckbosch, D.
    Saba, S. M.
    Salameh, T.
    Sander, H. G.
    Santander, M.
    Sarkar, S.
    Schatto, K.
    Scheel, M.
    Scheriau, F.
    Schmidt, T.
    Schmitz, M.
    Schoenen, S.
    Schoneberg, S.
    Schonherr, L.
    Schonwald, A.
    Schukraft, A.
    Schulte, L.
    Schulz, O.
    Seckel, D.
    Seo, S. H.
    Sestayo, Y.
    Seunarine, S.
    Smith, M. W. E.
    Soiron, M.
    Soldin, D.
    Spiczak, G. M.
    Spiering, C.
    Stamatikos, M.
    Stanev, T.
    Stasik, A.
    Stezelberger, T.
    Stokstad, R. G.
    Stossl, A.
    Strahler, E. A.
    Stroman, R.
    Sullivan, G. W.
    Taavola, H.
    Taboada, I.
    Tamburro, A.
    Ter-Antonyan, S.
    Tilav, S.
    Toale, P. A.
    Toscano, S.
    Usner, M.
    van der Drift, D.
    van Eijndhoven, N.
    Van Overloop, A.
    van Santen, J.
    Vehring, M.
    Voge, M.
    Walck, C.
    Waldenmaier, T.
    Wallraff, M.
    Walter, M.
    Wasserman, R.
    Weaver, C.
    Wendt, C.
    Westerhoff, S.
    Whitehorn, N.
    Wiebe, K.
    Wiebusch, C. H.
    Williams, D. R.
    Wissing, H.
    Wolf, M.
    Wood, T. R.
    Woschnagg, K.
    Xu, C.
    Xu, D. L.
    Xu, X. W.
    Yanez, J. P.
    Yodh, G.
    Yoshida, S.
    Zarzhitsky, P.
    Ziemann, J.
    Zilles, A.
    Zoll, M.
    An improved method for measuring muon energy using the truncated mean of dE/dx2013In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 703Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The measurement of muon energy is critical for many analyses in large Cherenkov detectors, particularly those that involve separating extraterrestrial neutrinos from the atmospheric neutrino background. Muon energy has traditionally been determined by measuring the specific energy loss (dE/dx) along the muon's path and relating the dE/dx to the muon energy. Because high-energy muons (E mu > 1 TeV) lose energy randomly, the spread in dE/dx values is quite large, leading to a typical energy resolution of 0.29 in log(10)(E-mu) for a muon observed over a 1 km path length in the IceCube detector. In this paper, we present an improved method that uses a truncated mean and other techniques to determine the muon energy. The muon track is divided into separate segments with individual dE/dx values. The elimination of segments with the highest dE/dx results in an overall dE/dx that is more closely correlated to the muon energy. This method results in an energy resolution of 022 in log(10)(E-mu), which gives a 26% improvement. This technique is applicable to any large water or ice detector and potentially to large scintillator or liquid argon detectors. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 21. Abbasi, R.
    et al.
    Abdou, Y.
    Ackermann, M.
    Adams, J.
    Aguilar, J. A.
    Ahlers, M.
    Altmann, D.
    Andeen, K.
    Auffenberg, J.
    Bai, X.
    Baker, M.
    Barwick, S. W.
    Baum, V.
    Bay, R.
    Beattie, K.
    Beatty, J. J.
    Bechet, S.
    Tjus, J. B.
    Becker, K. H.
    Bell, M.
    Benabderrahmane, M. L.
    BenZvi, S.
    Berdermann, J.
    Berghaus, P.
    Berley, D.
    Bernardini, E.
    Bertrand, D.
    Besson, D. Z.
    Bindig, D.
    Bissok, M.
    Blaufuss, E.
    Blumenthal, J.
    Boersma, D. J.
    Bohm, C.
    Bose, D.
    Boser, S.
    Botner, O.
    Brayeur, L.
    Brown, A. M.
    Bruijn, R.
    Brunner, J.
    Buitink, S.
    Caballero-Mora, K. S.
    Carson, M.
    Casey, J.
    Casier, M.
    Chirkin, D.
    Christy, B.
    Clevermann, F.
    Cohen, S.
    Cowen, D. F.
    Silva, A. H. C.
    Danninger, M.
    Daughhetee, J.
    Davis, J. C.
    De Clercq, C.
    Descamps, F.
    Desiati, P.
    de Vries-Uiterweerd, G.
    DeYoung, T.
    Diaz-Velez, J. C.
    Dreyer, J.
    Dumm, J. P.
    Dunkman, M.
    Eagan, R.
    Eisch, J.
    Elliott, C.
    Ellsworth, R. W.
    Engdegard, O.
    Euler, S.
    Evenson, P. A.
    Fadiran, O.
    Fazely, A. R.
    Fedynitch, A.
    Feintzeig, J.
    Feusels, T.
    Filimonov, K.
    Finley, C.
    Fischer-Wasels, T.
    Flis, S.
    Franckowiak, A.
    Franke, R.
    Frantzen, K.
    Fuchs, T.
    Gaisser, T. K.
    Gallagher, J.
    Gerhardt, L.
    Gladstone, L.
    Glusenkamp, T.
    Goldschmidt, A.
    Goodman, J. A.
    Gora, D.
    Grant, D.
    Gross, A.
    Grullon, S.
    Gurtner, M.
    Ha, C.
    Ismail, A. H.
    Hallgren, A.
    Halzen, F.
    Hanson, K.
    Heereman, D.
    Heimann, P.
    Heinen, D.
    Helbing, K.
    Hellauer, R.
    Hickford, S.
    Hill, G. C.
    Hoffman, K. D.
    Hoffmann, R.
    Homeier, A.
    Hoshina, K.
    Huelsnitz, W.
    Hulth, P. O.
    Hultqvist, K.
    Hussain, S.
    Ishihara, A.
    Jacobi, E.
    Jacobsen, J.
    Japaridze, G. S.
    Jlelati, O.
    Johansson, H.
    Kappes, A.
    Karg, T.
    Karle, A.
    Kiryluk, J.
    Kislat, F.
    Klas, J.
    Klein, S. R.
    Klepser, S.
    Kohne, J. H.
    Kohnen, G.
    Kolanoski, H.
    Kopke, L.
    Kopper, C.
    Kopper, S.
    Koskinen, D. J.
    Kowalski, M.
    Krasberg, M.
    Kroll, G.
    Kunnen, J.
    Kurahashi, N.
    Kuwabara, T.
    Labare, M.
    Laihem, K.
    Landsman, H.
    Larson, M. J.
    Lauer, R.
    Lesiak-Bzdak, M.
    Luenemann, J.
    Madsen, J.
    Maruyama, R.
    Mase, K.
    Matis, H. S.
    McDermott, A.
    McNally, F.
    Meagher, K.
    Merck, M.
    Meszaros, P.
    Meures, T.
    Miarecki, S.
    Middell, E.
    Milke, N.
    Miller, J.
    Mohrmann, L.
    Montaruli, T.
    Morse, R.
    Movit, S. M.
    Nahnhauer, R.
    Naumann, U.
    Niessen, P.
    Nowicki, S. C.
    Nygren, D. R.
    Obertackeo, A.
    Odrowski, S.
    Olivas, A.
    Olivo, M.
    O'Murchadha, A.
    Panknin, S.
    Paul, L.
    Pepper, J. A.
    de los Heros, C. P.
    Pieloth, D.
    Pirk, N.
    Posselt, J.
    Price, P. B.
    Przybylski, G. T.
    Radel, L.
    Rawlins, K.
    Redl, P.
    Resconi, E.
    Rhode, W.
    Ribordy, M.
    Richman, M.
    Riedel, B.
    Rodrigues, J. P.
    Roth, J.
    Rothmaier, F.
    Rott, C.
    Roucelle, C.
    Ruhe, T.
    Rutledge, D.
    Ruzybayev, B.
    Ryckbosch, D.
    Saba, S. M.
    Salameh, T.
    Sander, H. G.
    Santander, M.
    Sarkar, S.
    Schatto, K.
    Scheel, M.
    Scheriau, F.
    Schmidt, T.
    Schmitz, M.
    Schoenen, S.
    Schoneberg, S.
    Schonherr, L.
    Schonwald, A.
    Schukraft, A.
    Schulte, L.
    Schulz, O.
    Seckel, D.
    Seo, S. H.
    Sestayo, Y.
    Seunarine, S.
    Shulman, L.
    Smith, M. W. E.
    Soiron, M.
    Soldin, D.
    Spiczak, G. M.
    Spiering, C.
    Stamatikos, M.
    Stanev, T.
    Stasik, A.
    Stezelberger, T.
    Stokstad, R. G.
    Stossl, A.
    Stoyanov, S.
    Strahler, E. A.
    Strom, R.
    Sulanke, K. H.
    Sullivan, G. W.
    Taavola, H.
    Taboada, I.
    Tamburro, A.
    Ter-Antonyan, S.
    Tilav, S.
    Toale, P. A.
    Toscano, S.
    Usner, M.
    van der Drift, D.
    van Eijndhoven, N.
    Van Overloop, A.
    van Santen, J.
    Vehring, M.
    Voge, M.
    Walck, C.
    Waldenmaier, T.
    Wallraff, M.
    Walter, M.
    Wasserman, R.
    Weaver, C.
    Wendt, C.
    Westerhoff, S.
    Whitehorn, N.
    Wiebe, K.
    Wiebusch, C. H.
    Williams, D. R.
    Wissing, H.
    Wolf, M.
    Wood, T. R.
    Woschnagg, K.
    Xu, C.
    Xu, D. L.
    Xu, X. W.
    Yanez, J. P.
    Yodh, G.
    Yoshida, S.
    Zarzhitsky, P.
    Ziemann, J.
    Zilles, A.
    Zoll, M.
    IceCube, Collaboration
    IceTop: The surface component of IceCube2013In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 700Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    IceTop, the surface component of the IceCube Neutrino Observatory at the South Pole, is an air shower array with an area of 1 km(2). The detector allows a detailed exploration of the mass composition of primary cosmic rays in the energy range from about 100 TeV to 1 EeV by exploiting the correlation between the shower energy measured in IceTop and the energy deposited by muons in the deep ice. In this paper we report on the technical design, construction and installation, the trigger and data acquisition systems as well as the software framework for calibration, reconstruction and simulation. Finally the first experience from commissioning and operating the detector and the performance as an air shower detector will be discussed. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 22. Abbasi, R.
    et al.
    Abdou, Y.
    Ackermann, M.
    Adams, J.
    Aguilar, J. A.
    Ahlers, M.
    Altmann, D.
    Andeen, K.
    Auffenberg, J.
    Bai, X.
    Baker, M.
    Barwick, S. W.
    Baum, V.
    Bay, R.
    Beattie, K.
    Beatty, J. J.
    Bechet, S.
    Tjus, J. Becker
    Becker, K. -H
    Bell, M.
    Benabderrahmane, M. L.
    BenZvi, S.
    Berdermann, J.
    Berghaus, P.
    Berley, D.
    Bernardini, E.
    Bertrand, D.
    Besson, D. Z.
    Bindig, D.
    Bissok, M.
    Blaufuss, E.
    Blumenthal, J.
    Boersma, D. J.
    Bohm, C.
    Bose, D.
    Boeser, S.
    Botner, Olga
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Brayeur, L.
    Brown, A. M.
    Bruijn, R.
    Brunner, J.
    Buitink, S.
    Caballero-Mora, K. S.
    Carson, M.
    Casey, J.
    Casier, M.
    Chirkin, D.
    Christy, B.
    Clevermann, F.
    Cohen, S.
    Cowen, D. F.
    Silva, A. H. Cruz
    Danninger, M.
    Daughhetee, J.
    Davis, J. C.
    De Clercq, C.
    Descamps, F.
    Desiati, P.
    de Vries-Uiterweerd, G.
    DeYoung, T.
    Diaz-Velez, J. C.
    Dreyer, J.
    Dumm, J. P.
    Dunkman, M.
    Eagan, R.
    Eisch, J.
    Elliott, C.
    Ellsworth, R. W.
    Engdegard, O.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Euler, S.
    Evenson, P. A.
    Fadiran, O.
    Fazely, A. R.
    Fedynitch, A.
    Feintzeig, J.
    Feusels, T.
    Filimonov, K.
    Finley, C.
    Fischer-Wasels, T.
    Flis, S.
    Franckowiak, A.
    Franke, R.
    Frantzen, K.
    Fuchs, T.
    Gaisser, T. K.
    Gallagher, J.
    Gerhardt, L.
    Gladstone, L.
    Gluesenkamp, T.
    Goldschmidt, A.
    Goodman, J. A.
    Gora, D.
    Grant, D.
    Gross, A.
    Grullon, S.
    Gurtner, M.
    Ha, C.
    Ismail, A. Haj
    Hallgren, Allan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, High Energy Physics.
    Halzen, F.
    Hanson, K.
    Heereman, D.
    Heimann, P.
    Heinen, D.
    Helbing, K.
    Hellauer, R.
    Hickford, S.
    Hill, G. C.
    Hoffman, K. D.
    Hoffmann, R.
    Homeier, A.
    Hoshina, K.
    Huelsnitz, W.
    Hulth, P. O.
    Hultqvist, K.
    Hussain, S.
    Ishihara, A.
    Jacobi, E.
    Jacobsen, J.
    Japaridze, G. S.
    Jlelati, O.
    Johansson, H.
    Kappes, A.
    Karg, T.
    Karle, A.
    Kiryluk, J.
    Kislat, F.
    Klaes, J.
    Klein, S. R.
    Klepser, S.
    Koehne, J. -H
    Kohnen, G.
    Kolanoski, H.
    Koepke, L.
    Kopper, C.
    Kopper, S.
    Koskinen, D. J.
    Kowalski, M.
    Krasberg, M.
    Kroll, G.
    Kunnen, J.
    Kurahashi, N.
    Kuwabara, T.
    Labare, M.
    Laihem, K.
    Landsman, H.
    Larson, M. J.
    Lauer, R.
    Lesiak-Bzdak, M.
    Luenemann, J.
    Madsen, J.
    Maruyama, R.
    Mase, K.
    Matis, H. S.
    McDermott, A.
    McNally, F.
    Meagher, K.
    Merck, M.
    Meszaros, P.
    Meures, T.
    Miarecki, S.
    Middell, E.
    Milke, N.
    Miller, J.
    Mohrmann, L.
    Montaruli, T.
    Morse, R.
    Movit, S. M.
    Nahnhauer, R.
    Naumann, U.
    Niessen, P.
    Nowicki, S. C.
    Nygren, D. R.
    Obertackeo, A.
    Odrowski, S.
    Olivas, A.
    Olivo, M.
    O'Murchadha, A.
    Panknin, S.
    Paul, L.
    Pepper, J. A. </