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  • 1.
    Alvunger, Daniel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Vocational teachers taking the lead: VET teachers and the career services for teachers reform in Sweden2016In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 32-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2013 the Swedish government launched a reform on career services for teachers that introduced first-teachersas a new category of teachers. Since this reform still is in the process of being rolled out, we know fairly little of its impact, especially concerning VET teachers that are appointed first-teachers. This paper explores and analyses two cases of VET first-teachers with focus on the implications on educational leadership practices in their work with school improvement where ‘distributed leadership’is used as a lens forunderstanding the characteristic features of leadership practices. The re-sults show that the VET first-teachers consider themselves to represent an important educational leadership being process leaders for creating a culture built on mutual trust, turning the focus of school improvement from a ‘top-down’ perspective to change ‘from below’. They become ‘brokers’and a link between school management and their colleagues, even if there are some difficulties. Moreover they visualise differ-ent practices and foster a new awareness –concerning e.g. assessment and the relation-ship between school and work-place –that seem to influence collegial discourse.

  • 2.
    Alvunger, Daniel
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Adolfsson, Carl-Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Introducing a critical dialogical model for vocational teacher education2016In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 53-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this article is to conceptualise and present what is referred to as acritical dialogical model for vocational teacher education that takes into account the interactionbetween theory/research and practice/experiential knowledge. The theoreticalframework for the model is based on critical hermeneutics and the methodology ofdialogue seminars with the aim to promote the development of a ‘critical self’ amongthe vocational teacher students. The model enacts an interface between theory andpractice where a number of processes are identified: a reflective-analogical process, acritical-analytical process and an interactive critical self-building process. In order toinclude a theoretical argument concerning the issue of content, the concept of ‘learningcapital’ and its four sub-categories in terms of curricular capital, instructional capital,moral capital and venture capital is used. We point at content-related aspects of studentlearning and how a critical self has the potential to promote various kinds of ‘capital’and capacity building that may be of importance in the future work-life of the vocationalteacher student.

  • 3.
    Alvunger, Daniel
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Grahn Johansson, Viktoria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Exploring recontextualization of didactic ability and vocational teacher students’ professional learning through video analysis2018In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 36-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how vocational teacher education (VTE) students experience professional learning through the use of video analysis, their reflection among peers and their meaning-making of the ‘didactic ability’ concept during the beginning of their education. The empirical data consists of an online survey and semi-structured interviews with five vocational teacher education students. Bernstein’s concept of ‘pedagogic discourse’ and a conceptual framework of recontextualisation in vocational education and training developed by Evans, Guile and Harris guide the research. The findings strongly support observations from previous research that emphasise that the use of video promotes and supports teacher students’ professional growth. The VTE students develop a new understanding of how to organise content and to analytically handle the relationship between theoretical aspects and professional action. The emerging meanings of didactic ability are a new discursive understanding of work-knowledge and the teaching content, as well as a strategic structuring of the content for sense-making, transcending the theory and practice divide through visual artefacts and practical tasks and the ability to use different teaching strategies. Language, actions, content and meanings in terms of workplace codes tend to ‘move’ and to be recontextualised from the school’s pedagogic discourse.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Editorial: A developing journal2016In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 3-4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Andersson, Per
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Köpsén, Susanne
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Aakre, Bjørn Magne
    Nord University, Norway.
    Editorial: The first issue of NJVET in a new shape2016In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 6, no 1, p. i-iiArticle in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Welcome to the Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training (NJVET). With this journal, we want to create a forum for research on vocational and professional education and training, with a particular focus on issues at stake for vocational education and training (VET) in the Nordic countries. The journal is published online and open access, and there are no submission or article processing charges.

    This is the first issue of NJVET in its new shape. We have put effort into the renewal of our website, submission and publishing system, guidelines for contributions etc. Altogether we hope that this will contribute to strengthening the quality of our journal, and also of Nordic VET research in general.

    In this first issue we can present contributions from four Nordic countries – Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden. Nevertheless, relevant contributions from outside the Nordic countries are most welcome! We encourage publication of articles in English, which makes the audience of our research results much broader, but we also offer the opportunity to publish in the Nordic languages. In this issue, articles are published in English, Danish, and Norwegian. You should also note that we make a difference between research articles, which have undergone a double-blind peer-review by at least two anonym viewers, and magazine articles that contain other types of materials, discussions, minor studies of VET etc. The magazine articles are not subject to double-blind peer review, but are reviewed by the editors. We also welcome relevant book reviews. However, this issue does not include any book review.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Per
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Nyström, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center for Diagnostics, Department of Clinical Immunology and Transfusion Medicine.
    Editorial: Nordic research on vocational education and training2017In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, p. iii-vArticle in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Welcome to a new issue of the Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training. We continue to develop an open forum for research on vocational and professional education and training, with a particular focuson the Nordic con-texts. Our journal is published online, open access, and there are no submission or article processing charges, which means that anyone with access to the Inter-net also has access to the research findings we present.

  • 7.
    Andersson, Per
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Nyström, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Skonhoft Johannesen, Hedvig
    OsloMet - Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway.
    Editorial: Spring 20182018In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 8, no 1, p. iii-vArticle in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Welcome to a new volume of the Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training. In this first issue of 2018 we are proud to present a new associate editor of our journal. Associate professor Hedvig Skonhoft Johannesen from OsloMet - Oslo Metropolitan University in Norway has joined the editorial group, and we look forward to fruitful cooperation with the journal. In this issue of NJVET we have seven contributions ᅵ six peer-reviewed research articles and one magazine article ᅵ from Sweden, Norway, and Denmark. The topics of the articles address assessment in empirical and analytical approaches, VET studentsᅵ as well as teachersᅵ boundary learning, digital storytelling as an approach to vocational didactics, drop out from vocational education, and finally the quality of vocational education.

  • 8.
    Andersson, Per
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Skonhoft Johannesen, Hedvig
    OsloMet – Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway.
    Nyström, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Editorial: Autumn 20182018In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 8, no 2, p. iii-vArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Andersson, Per
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Skonhoft Johannesen, Hedvig
    Fakultet for lærerutdanning og internasjonale studier, OsloMet – Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway.
    Nyström, Sofia
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Editorial: Spring 20192019In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 9, no 2, p. iii-viArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Andersén, Annelie
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Asghari, Hamid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Petersson, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Yrkesämnesdidaktik på universitet: Mål, innehåll, arbetssätt och examination2018In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 98-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to investigate learning goals, content, working methods and examinations in the vocational didactic sections of the vocational teacher education programme. In a case study, a total of forty study guides from one vocational teacher education programme have been analysed in order to answer what central content is highlighted, how the goals are examined, and what course literature is used in vocational subject didactics in a selected vocational teacher education programme at a Swedish university. The aim of the analysis, based on Hiim’s (2010) model, is to find both clearly expressed and more latent elements. The results answer questions on what the subject didactics contain in three different courses. Vocational teacher educators plan their teaching with regard to the goals of vocational subject didactics, but the interpretation of goals varies among different educators and within different vocational subjects. The result also gives some indications of what could be general differences and similarities within and between different didactics teacher groups and/or vocational subjects. The analysis of the study guides also shows that educational background and the form of employment of educators seem to be of importance.

  • 11.
    Annerberg, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Fändrik, Anna Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Att vetenskapligt förankra ett yrkeslärarprogram: Erfarenheter från ett utvecklingsprojekt2018In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 124-140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Demands on the scientific foundation of Swedish Vocational Teacher Education has led to a development project on academic competence at Dalarna University in 2018. The project contained two sub-projects; the construction of a matrix, to display the progression of students’academic competence; and the implementation of a series of seminars on VET research. This article presents the point of departure and the methods used, together with the results of mappings and analysis of four different aspects of academic competence. This inventory of features of academic competence in teacher education, evokes a wide range of questions onthe meaning and consequence of scientific foundation, the research-practice relationship and concrete questions concerning course content.

  • 12.
    Asghari, Hamid
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Kilbrink, Nina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Två yrkeslärares berättelser om bedömningshandlingar på industritekniska programmet2018In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 23-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this study is on two vocational teachers´ stories of grade assessment. The teachers are Leif and Johnny, who teach in the industrial technology programme in two different upper secondary schools in Sweden. The research method we use in the study is life stories. From the vocational teachers’ stories emerge different categories of assessment criteria that show different considerations, as compared to the national knowledge requirements, when grading students with one of the five pass grades. The categories for passing grades are: the grade awarded as a prize rating, the grade awarded as being an okay-guy, the grade awarded in advance, and the grade awarded as a last chance. The categories show that the vocational teachers Leif and Johnny, in their assessment documents, do not always comply with the requirements that the syllabus and steering documents put on the knowledge assessment. Leif and Johnny use different forms of knowledge measurements when grading their students with passing grades. The forms are based on their social relations with their students.

  • 13.
    Asghari, Hamid
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Schaffar, Birgit
    Helsinki University, Finland.
    The tension between intrinsic and instrumental values in five teachers’ stories from the industrial technology programme2019In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 71-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we discuss a tension between the intrinsic and instrumental value in relation to work and human life. This tension is reflected in the UN Declaration of Human Rights, which regards work as an intrinsic value for a human life, as well as in the (neoliberal) labour market, that values work and workers for their instrumental ends. In the light of this tension, we analyse how five vocational teachers’ life stories express it through descriptions of their experiences, decisions and teaching. The methodological starting point of our study is based on a narrative perspective, where vocational teachers’ stories are at the centre. Our analytical tools are taken from Bamberg (1997), who discusses how people position themselves in their own stories. In light of four positions as outlined by Bamberg, we discuss three tensions: 1) The right to work as universal and under conditions at the same time, 2) Work as a place for belonging under the shadow that only profit counts, and 3) Performing a good job, while balancing professional pride and the concern for oneself. In our conclusions, we suggest that vocational teachers should provide their students with wider civic knowledge about their rights as well as about possible forms of influencing structures in the labour market that vocational teachers are in part preparing their students for.

  • 14.
    Broberg, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Verkstaden som skola eller skolan som verkstad: Om produktion som pedagogisk praktik i svensk yrkesutbildning2016In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 46-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The workshop as school or the school as workshop: Production as educational practice in Swedish vocational education and training

    The workshop school was a particular form of education in the Swedish vocational education system of 1918. It was established and developed over a period of 50 years before it disappeared in the upper secondary reform of 1968. The workshop school differed, in many respects, from the kind of school workshops of today where students attain most of their vocational practice. It was not unusual that the workshop schools operated as small business enterprises on the local market, even when the municipality was the organizer of the education. The wide scope of this article is about this historical phenomenon. The aim is to investigate the production as a pedagogical tool through the artefacts and spaces of the workshop school. This is done within the theoretical framework materiality of schooling, a perspective that can be described as school archaeology. City- or municipal archives hold a treasure trove of photographs and narratives from the era of workshop schools in Sweden. They reveal how production shaped the content and relations to society in a very different way from the vocational training that takes place in the modern school workshop.

  • 15.
    Christidis, Maria
    The Swedish Red Cross University College, Department of Health Sciences. Stockholm University.
    Integrated teaching for vocational knowing: A systematic review of research on nursing-related vocational education and training2019In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 19-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim for this review was to systematize, describe and critically analyse previous research concerning school-based integrated teaching for vocational knowing in nursingrelated training in upper secondary and in higher level education. Searches were conducted in four databases, two specifically for Swedish hits, and two for international hits. Also, search was made in a Nordic journal on vocational education and training. References in included studies were also assessed for further inclusion of studies. Altogether, 14 studies were included and assessed for quality and coherence with GRADE CERQual. Review findings comprised three types of integrated teaching, through embeddedness or streaks, problem-based learning, and between school and workplace; vocational knowing relating to a professional and academic context; and methodological significance for the vocational knowing highlighted in the studies. In conclusion, the methodological approach typically used in the primary studies related to a quantitative approach, which was also discerned as quality measure. The primary studies brought forward a partial understanding of integrated teaching and vocational knowing, which is dependent on the methodological approach. In order to enhance understanding about the research topic, there is a need for more studies on integrated teaching utilizing a qualitative approach.

  • 16.
    Eliasson, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Att undervisa för utveckling av yrkeskunnande i vård och omsorg2019In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 66-88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Teaching for development of vocational knowledge in health care

    The aim of this study was to examine didactic principles in health care teachers' description of their teaching practices, and how these principles were intertwined with vocational knowledge. In addition, characteristics of a health-care didactical approach were explored. Theoretical framework was based on Vygotsky’s sociocultural perspective and Lave and Wenger’s situated learning. 17 health-care teachers, working with adolescents or adults, were interviewed. The findings showed that vocational knowledge and didactic principles were often intimately intertwined. Didactic principles were dialogicity, work-links, variation, relational environment and language development. The healthcare didactical approach highlighted the development of students, both as health-care givers and as persons, through interactions with teachers and peers, and the teachers acted as boundary-crossing role models. The health-care didactical approach also involved the students’ language development. Issues that need to be reflected on are if the emphasis on feminine-coded vocational knowledge is too strong in relation to the programme objectives, and if reading and writing as teaching forms are too marginalised.

  • 17.
    Eliasson, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Rehn, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Health and social care teachers' descriptions of challenges in their teaching at upper secondary school2017In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 42-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since vocational teachers not only mediate theoretical and practical knowledge, but also ideals concerning the professionals’ personalities and actions, the aim of this study is to analyse if and how these ideals influence the highlighted challenges of teaching. The study is drawing on a social constructionist perspective; the method used involves 17 qualitative interviews. The challenges mentioned were as follows: lack of motivation, language and cultural factors, low status of the occupation and plagiarism. Underlying ideals rooted in the health care sector were that students should become a carer because of an inner desire. Moral and ethical values were other ideals that underpinned themes such as dealing with plagiarism and the problems experienced with non-native Swedes. An underlying fact is also the low traditional status of the nursing assistants, a challenge the teachers try to handle without effective tools. In the order to understand the challenges and handle them, the teachers construct categories of differences. This is visible when the categorisation of students is made based on motivation and ethnicity. The findings highlight the importance of courses

  • 18.
    Ferm, Lisa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning.
    Persson Thunqvist, Daniel
    Svensson, Louise
    Gustavsson, Maria
    Vocational students' identity formation in relation to vocations in the Swedish industrial sector2019In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 91-111, article id doi: 10.3384/njvet.2242-458X.199291Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Fändrik, Anna Karin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Lundgren, Mats
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education.
    Nicola, Nerström
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Kollegial professionsutveckling för skolledare och lärare inom gymnasial yrkesutbildning: En fallstudie av en forskningscirkel2018In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 1-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes how school leadership in a vocational secondary school used a research circle to establish collegial learning. The goal was to develop the teaching skills of teachers and, as a result, also develop the ability of students to assess their own knowledge and understanding, as well as their capacity to learn. The results are based on data from a qualitative case study in accordance with an action research tradition. The article reflects a contemporary education policy debate on the role of teachers in relation to students’ poorer study results. The teachers that participated developed and tested subject-specific self-assessment matrices in mini-research projects. Many of the students seemed to benefit little from using these matrices. Possible explanations may be that the students felt no motivation neither to improve their knowledge and skills nor to raise their grades. There did, however, seem to be differences between theoretical and vocational subjects. The research circle served to develop collegial learning among the participants and also played a role in the establishment of a school development group.

  • 20.
    Holmgren, Robert
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Reformed firefighter training program in Sweden: Conflicting instructor conceptions of professional learning2014In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 4, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2003, the content and form of Swedish firefighter training were reformed. New curricula and guidelines were implemented, instructors from different fields of knowledge were recruited and the training program was extended. In this study, 29 instructors were interviewed with a view to identifying and analyzing the salient conceptions of professional learning amongthem and how their conceptions have been affected by, and have affected, the implementation of the new training program. The resultsshow thatthe dominant conception among fire and rescueinstructors continuesto be adaptation-oriented, and that it has not changed significantly,despiterevisedtraininggoalsand challengesfromthe development-orientedattitudeprevalent among the risk andsafetyinstructors.It is also shown that this fundamentalcontradictionbetween instructor conceptions is manifested inseveraldilemmasand conflictsduring the negotiationand implementation phases ofthe new training program

  • 21.
    Johansson, Kristina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Thång, Per-Olof
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Förord2014In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 1-2Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 22. Johansson Mahic, Maria
    et al.
    Skyvell Nilsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Att forma en medarbetare eller att undervisa en student2014In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom cooperative education (co-op) ges studenter möjlighet att inomutbildningen, praktiskt tillämpa sina kunskaper på en arbetsplats. Under co-op tilldelasstudenten en av arbetsgivaren utsedd handledare. Co-op är ett trepartssamarbete mellanhögskola, student och arbetsplats. Merparten av tidigare studier fokuserar studenternasupplevelse av co-op eller vad co-op kan innebära för studentens studiemotivation, framtidakarriär och möjlighet till arbete. Syftet med denna fenomenografiska studie är att beskrivahandledares uppfattning om handlednings syfte. Studien kan därmed bidra till kunskap om denutbildningssituationen studenter ställs inför i co-op. Studiens resultat, som är baserad påintervjuer, visar fyra olika uppfattningar om handlednings syfte: Stödja in i gemenskapen, Delgespecifikt kunskapsinnehåll, Att få möjlighet att lära och Bidra till produktionen. Handledarnasuppfattningar indikerar att studenten förväntas praktiskt tillämpa teoretisk kunskap och fåarbets- och yrkesrelaterade erfarenheter genom ett socialt lärande. Variationerna i handledarnasuppfattningar antyder även att det samlade kunskapsinnehållet som studenten får ta del av underco-op kan variera stort. Utifrån resultatet diskuteras möjligheter och hinder för studentenslärande under co-op.

  • 23. Johansson, Margreth
    et al.
    Palla, Marta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande. Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning Design (LeaD).
    Att bedöma lärarstudenters yrkesskicklighet2014In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 4, no Specialnummer, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Jag var inte nervös när jag höll lektionen men nu är jag lite nervös, eftersom jag aldrig har ansvarat för ett trepartssamtal, det har alltid läraren från högskolan gjort. Jag har i varje fall skrivit en agenda och jag vill gärna börja med att prata om både planeringen och undervisningen. Därefter vill jag diskutera utifrån kursens lärandemål och min professionella roll. Jag har tagit med mig planeringsmatrisen och VFU-omdömet. Jag kommer att prata om vad jag har lärt mig och vilka nyvunna insikter som jag fått under denna sista VFU-period. Ja, mina nyvunna insikter har faktiskt förändrats under resans gång. Jag tänker mer på eleverna och deras lärande i stället för min egen ledarroll. Idag känner jag mig betydelsefull som lärare.

    Denna artikel handlar om bedömning av lärarstudenters yrkesskicklighet underden verksamhetsförlagda delen av utbildningen, VFU. Enligt Hegender (2007) ärbedömningskriterier ett ”mischmasch” av teori och praktik. Om så är fallet finns det anledningatt fundera över, vilka aspekter av yrkesskicklighet man kan få syn på och vilka stödstrukturersom kan användas vid bedömning. Ovanstående citat är ett exempel på hur lärarstudenter islutfasen av utbildningen kan inleda ett trepartssamtal. Trepartssamtal är en av fyrastödstrukturer, som vi har utformat och prövat. Vår bedömningsmatris (figur 3) består avstödstrukturer som är avgränsade och beskrivna bedömningskriterier. Artikeln avser att svarapå frågan: Vad bedömningsmatrisen ifråga kan bidra med vid pedagogisk bedömning avstudenters yrkesskicklighet. Tre utvecklingsprojekt genomfördes under år 2009-2012 isamarbete med handledare och lärarutbildare från högskolan samt blivande förskolelärare,fritidspedagoger, grund- och gymnasielärare. De blivande lärarna/pedagogerna var i slutfasenav utbildningen, där det allmänna utbildningsområdet, AU3, behandlas. Utvecklingsprojektenhar delvis finansierats av LärandeResursCentrum, LRC, Högskolan Kristianstad.

  • 24.
    Karlsudd, Peter
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Att problematisera ”problemet”: Bedömning och utveckling av problemformuleringar i lärarutbildningens självständiga arbeten: [To problematize the ’problem’: Assessment and development of problem formulations in independent theses projects in teacher education]2018In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 1-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How well a research problem is formulated in theses, according to many educators and textbook writers, is of great importance for the final quality of a thesis project. To investigate if there is a link between the construction and formulations of a problem and the grades well accepted and accepted, 58 theses projects were reviewed. 82 students were tested on their ability to evaluate, discuss and formulate research problems through specific exercises. The results of the comparison between how the research problem was designed and the theses gradings show that a well-formulated problem is not an absolute necessity for the grade well accepted. However, the results indicate that writers who strive to express higher ambitions when it comes to the problem have a greater opportunity to realize these in their thesis. Highly formulated problems have been well represented among the theses that receive the grade well accepted.

    The conclusion of the study shows that a well constructed purpose and problem is of particular importance to achieve a good standard of a thesis project and the specific training efforts undertaken suggest that this training will continue as a regular feature of the programme.

  • 25.
    Kontio, Janne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Etienne Wenger-Trayner, Mark Fenton-O’Creevy, Steven Hutchinson (eds): LEARNING IN LANDSCAPES OF PRACTICE: BOUNDARIES, IDENTITY, AND KNOWLEDGEABILITY IN PRACTICE-BASED LEARNING. Routledge, 2015.2015In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 1-7Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Köpsén, Susanne
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Andersson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Boundary processes in connection with students' workplace learning: Potentials for VET teachers' continuing professional development2018In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 58-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports on VET teachersᅵ engagements in boundary processes between schools and workplaces in connection with studentsᅵ workplace learning, the conditions for such boundary processes, and how these activities may enable VET teachersᅵ continuing professional development (CPD). Thirty VET teachers have been interviewed and their replies have been analysed in a theoretical framework of situated learning. The VET teachers described two main forms of boundary processes: boundary encounters and brokering by VET students. These processes support the occupational learning of VET teachers to different degrees. Teachersᅵ access to the workplace and their engagement and involvement in work and social interactions influence the potential for learning. Structural factors in school practices determine the nature of the boundary processes experienced by VET teachers and hence, the conditions for VET teachersᅵ CPD.

  • 27.
    Lagercrantz All, Katarina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Petterson, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Teräs, Marianne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Uppgifter som medierande artefakter inom yrkeslärarutbildningen2018In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 78-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Assignments as mediating artefacts in vocational teacher education

    Vocational teacher students accomplish a number of different assignments, which are meaningful for their learning and future work as vocational teachers. In Sweden, this education is relatively short (90 ECTS), partly conducted as distance education. The students enter the education with previous vocational knowledge and experiences. The aim of this study was to explore and describe assignments the students face during their vocational teacher education. The study questions focused on what is a form of assignment as mediating artefact and what kind of vocational knowledge is required? Conceptual background involved the concepts of mediation, artefact, vocational knowledge and knowledge culture. The data consisted of 13 course overviews. The results suggested dominance of individual written assignments. Even though some assignments were identified as ‘doings’ like teaching. The assignments were complex involving several vocational knowledge dimensions and the students needed to navigate between different knowledge domains. Furthermore, the students were asked to integrate their previous vocational knowledge with pedagogical knowledge. The assignments as mediating artefacts were connected to different knowledge cultures.

  • 28.
    Moreno Herrera, Lázaro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Yrkesutbildningsutmaningar i nya tider – vilken väg ska vi ta?2016In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 66-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Vocational education and training is amongst the educational areas drawing the biggestattention by mass media and a key topic of political debate in Sweden. This is byno means surprising if we take into account that nearly half of Swedish youngster followsany of the vocational training lines offered at upper secondary education. But, isthis a unique ´Swedish discussion`? Are there other international frame factors influencingand some how conditioning the discussion about the strategic importance ofVET? If, so which are these frame factors? This paper attempts to give initial answer tothese questions by contextualizing VET discussion in Sweden from an internationalperspective that includes social transformations from modernity to the so called postmodernityand the impact on work market demands. The paper present these newdemands, as well as qualifications required. The chapter uses a wide range of referencesthat includes Education For All (EFA) Global Monitoring Report of 2012 focused onthe third goal of Education for All, that is to ensure that all young people have the opportunityto acquire skills. The urgency of reaching this goal has sharpened acutelysince 2000 as a consequence of a global economic downturn impacting on unemployment.The paper intends to contribute to better understanding of the challenges as wellto create awareness and encourage discussion in different contexts and levels, that isvocational school, VET teacher training, policy making and VET planning.

  • 29.
    Sjöberg, David
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Karp, Staffan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Söderström, Tor
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Vad var det som hände?: Efterbearbetning av en simulering för utvecklande av professionell kunskap hos polisstudenter2014In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att öva för att lära sig att hantera polisiära situationer utgör ett viktigt inslag i polisstudenters utbildning. Lärandet sker genom praktiska övningar t.ex. drillövningar och övningar av specifika momentmen även via simuleringar där studenter agerar som polis imera komplexa situationer. Simuleringar ärinte unika för polisutbildningutan utgör ett vanligt inslag i professionsutbildninggenom sin koppling till ”verkliga” situationer (Peters & Vissers, 2004; Lederman, 1984). Under de senaste årtiondena har simuleringar använts för utbildning inom så skilda professionsfält som medicin och hälsovård, flyg och blåljusverksamhet. Simuleringar kan vara av skiftande karaktär t.ex. fysiska i form av rollspel men även datorbaserade. Simuleringar kan syfta till att utveckla en specifik färdighet (se t.ex. Windsor, 2009; Stefanidis, Acker, & Heniford, 2008; Wallin, Meurling, Hedman, Hedengård, & Felländer-Tsai,2007),som t ex att lära sig hur man avläser röntgenbilder (se t.ex. Söderström, Häll, Nilsson, & Ahlqvist2012) eller till att lära hur man ska agera i komplexa situationer (Andersson, Carlström, & Berlin, 2013; Bauman, Gohm & Bonner,2011), t.ex. vid svåra olyckshändelser med många personer inblandade (se t.ex. McConnell & Drennan, 2006). Simuleringar av komplexa situationer med många inblandade brukar benämnas som fullskaliga(se t.ex. Andersson, Carlström, & Berlin, 2013). Simuleringar antas träna och utveckla professionell kunskap genom att förbereda studenter på att hantera komplexa och ibland farliga situationer som de kan komma att ställas inför i enkommande yrkespraktik. Användningen av simuleringar i utbildningarbygger således på ett antagande om överföring av erfarenheter och kunskaper från ett sammanhang till ett annat(se t.ex. Söderström, Åström, Anderson & Bowles, 2014). I denhär artikeln utgår vi från simulering som en utbildningsresurs där deltagarna interagerar med varandra och miljön (situationen) på ett målorienterat sätt i syfte att lära sig polisära kunskaper

  • 30.
    Teräs, Marianne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Transforming vocational education and training in Finland: Uses of developmental work research approach2017In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 22-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Vocational education and training (VET) is under reform in many Nordic countries. This article explores uses of developmental work research (DWR) approach in reforming and transforming practices of VET. DWR was initiated in Finland in the 1980s to enhance understanding about learning in organizations. The aim of this article is to elaborate the approach by examining studies made in the field of professional and vocational education and training, and thus to examine potentials and shortcomings of the approach. Eight DWR studies in the field of professional and vocational education and training are summarized, and three of them are elaborated. Contributions of the studies cover new tools, conceptualizations and methods for VET. Shortcomings bring forth researcher’s dual role and lack of evidence on sustainable development after study processes. In conclusion I state that DWR offers rich and solid theoretical and methodological tools for VET researchers. However, they need to develop concepts that combine different dimensions of research, and not to forget to elaborate their study results from societal and individual perspectives.

  • 31.
    Tsagalidis, Helena
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Tävlingsdomarnas bäst praxis-bedömning av yrkeskunnande i en yrkestävling [Competition judges' best-practice assessment of vocational knowledge and skills in a skills competition]2018In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 93-120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the results of a study of a youth cooking contest for upper secondary schools in Sweden, which was part of the Swedish Skills Competition. The material consists of observations, in the form of shadowing, of the competition judges during the competition, and conversations with judges before and during the competition. The text has a vocational knowledge and skills perspective and relates to answering the question: what vocational knowledge and skills are valued as significant by the competition judges in the school competition? The analyses employ the concepts of key qualifications, specific vocational knowledge and skills, and forms of knowledge, that together contribute to understanding how vocational knowledge and skills can be described and valued. This article focuses on the competition judges' best-practice assessments of five contest teams' performance, from preparation of menu to tasting of it and their work afterwards. It also demonstrates that professionalism (skilful performance) and judicious action are the most important aspects of what the competition judgments focused on in this competition.

  • 32.
    Tsagalidis, Helena
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Terning, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Aqualitative vocational education and training: Education for quantity orquality?2018In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, no 1, p. 114-132Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thisarticle discusses the contemporary discourse of ‘quality’ in upper secondaryvocational education in Sweden. The study is based on a selection of governmentpolicy texts that preceded the reform of upper secondary education in 2011. Thepurpose is to present how the concept of quality gets its meaning, and todiscuss this from a perspective of competence, knowledge and qualification inorder to renegotiate the concept of quality. Hence, the article also discusseshow an extended quality concept could contribute to a changed view of Swedishupper secondary vocational education and training (VET) from an economic,individual and social point of view, in terms of both content andattractiveness. A widened approach to quality in VET could lead to a change inthe view of, and the discussion about, VET as such. Our purpose is to emphasizethe importance of a broader understanding of how quality in VET can beunderstood and offer a more nuanced and expanded understanding to thecontemporary discourse of VET quality, and thus offer opportunities for a moreattractive VET.

  • 33.
    Tyson, Ruhi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Yrkesutbildning eller yrkesbildning: vad lär vi oss egentligen?: En introduktion till empirisk yrkesbildningsdidaktik2016In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Bildung contents and processes of vocational education and training is the focus of this article. This is something that has, for the most part, been treated on a philosophical level previously and where the intent here is to discuss how empirical research into vocational Bildung didactics can be conducted and what kinds of knowledge it can contribute. In the Bildung-philosophical discussion vocational education has historically often been contrasted with general Bildung and part of an empirical inquiry into vocational Bildung didactics is to surface the actual experiences of Bildung that vocational education and training can afford. The inquiry is based on an extensive explorative study of craft master Wolfgang B. and his vocational education biography. A part of this biographical study is presented in the article where the conversation centres on a vocational task he remembers and the various vocational Bildung affordances that can be found in his account. This leads to a more nuanced understanding of the concept of vocational Bildung and to a concluding discussion of the various ways in which this kind of empirical studies in vocational Bildung didactics can contribute to both research and practice.

  • 34.
    von Schantz Lundgren, Ina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education.
    Lundgren, Mats
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Education.
    Svensson, Victoria
    Learning study i gymnasial yrkesutbildning: en fallstudie från ett hantverksprogram2013In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Internationella tester av elevers kunskapsresultat har bidragit till att kraftigt öka intresset för hur elevers studieprestationer kan förbättras. En samstämmig forskning placerar lärares undervisning högt upp på listan av faktorer som är betydelsefulla för att förbättra elevers lärande. En metod som visat sig användbar för att utveckla lärares undervisningsförmåga är learning study som framför allt använts av lärare som undervisar elever i lägre åldrar. Vi visar i den här artikeln, med stöd av en fallstudie, att det även är möjligt att framgångsrikt använda learning study-metoden för att utveckla lärare i gymnasieskolans yrkesutbildning och deras förmåga att undervisa där ämnesinnehållet ofta avser tyst yrkeskunskap och icke-kognitiva förmågor.

  • 35.
    Walkert, Michael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Kvalitetsutveckling av digitala trepartssamtal i svensk yrkeslärarutbildning2018In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 160-174Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes the developmental work of feedback for students during their practicum periods at the vocational teacher education programme at Karlstad University. The vocational teacher education programme is based on distance studies which implies that the students can be spread all over the country. Although the students participate in some campus meetings, the university teachers are not able to visit students during their practicum periods of the programme. A digital conference tool, Adobe Connect, is therefore used for communication with the students and their supervisors in practicum. This article describes the developmental work of using the digital conference tool, which includes a filmed sequence of the student’s teaching. The filmed sequences are later shared and discussed in a group of fellow students and a teacher. The article also describes how a model inspired by the research-based Plato manual of discussing these teaching sequences is taking form. The intention of using this model is to proceed towards a joint research-based approach among the colleagues, and in this way improve the feedback to students regarding teaching strategies and instruction.

  • 36.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lärande i teori och praktik2014In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, ISSN 2242-458X, E-ISSN 2242-458X, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utbildningar med inslag av verksamhetsförlagda utbildningsmoment har funnits under lång tid och de förväntas ge kunskaper och färdigheter och brygga mellan olika kunskapsformer och därmed bidra till en syntetisering av kunskap. Syftet med studien är att bidra till kunskap om hur lärandemål i verksamhetsförlagda kurser kommer till uttryck i studenters examinationsuppgifter. Resultatet bygger på analyser av styrdokument och kursplaner samt 26 studenters examinationsarbeten från deras verksamhetsförlagda kurser, från två olika utbildningsprogram. Resultaten visar att utbildningsanordnare har delvis olika föreställningar om vetenskaplig kunskap, praxiskunskap samt relationen dem emellan. Medan vissa dokument utgår från teoretiska perspektiv i sina definitioner så utgår andra från mer praktiska perspektiv på vad kunskap är och var den finns. Verksamhetsförlagd utbildning ses i ett program som ett medel för att utveckla yrkesspecifika kunskaper och i det andra programmet fokuseras teoretiska analyser av praxis. Dessa olikheter får konsekvenser för både utformning av uppgifter och för hur studenterna förstår och skapar mening men också för vilka kunskaper som utvecklas.

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