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  • 1.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The impact of political conviction on the relation between winning or losing and political dissatisfaction: findings from Sweden2014Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Sage Open, ISSN ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 4, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Election outcomes, or more specifically belonging to a political minority or majority, have a significant impact on citizens’ attitudes toward the political system and political involvement. This study aims to broaden our understanding in these regards by taking into account the effects of people’s political convictions on the relation between belonging to a political minority or majority and their dissatisfaction with the performance of the political system. Using a person-oriented approach, four groups of citizens were identified on the basis of their attachment to political parties. The group of people who were not politically attached to any of the political parties were the most dissatisfied, whereas supporters of parties in government were the least dissatisfied. Moreover, supporters of opposition parties who had high levels of political conviction were more dissatisfied than supporters of opposition parties who had lower levels of political conviction. Overall, the findings of this study show that it is crucial to take into account the individual characteristics of citizens when studying the relations between election outcomes and political attitudes.

  • 2.
    Almqvist, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Meckbach, Jane
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogisk idrottsforskning.
    Öhman, Marie
    Örebro universitet.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro universitet.
    How Wii Teach Physical Education and Health2016Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 1-8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of educational computer games in physical education (PE) has become more popular in recent years and has attracted research interest. The aim of the article is to investigate how physical activities and images of the human body are offered by the game. The results show how the “teacher” constituted in the games is one who instructs and encourages the players to exercise and think about their bodies, but not a “teacher” who can help students to investigate, argue, or discuss images of health and the human body. We argue that the use of a wide range and variety of ways of teaching would make the teaching richer and offer a deeper understanding about the body and health.

  • 3.
    Almqvist, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Meckbach, Jane
    The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences (GIH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Öhman, Marie
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    How Wii Teach Physical Education and Health2016Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 1-16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

     The use of educational computer games in physical education (PE) has become more popular in recent years and has attracted research interest. The aim of the article is to investigate how physical activities and images of the human body are offered by the game. The results show how the “teacher” constituted in the games is one who instructs and encourages the players to exercise and think about their bodies, but not a “teacher” who can help students to investigate, argue, or discuss images of health and the human body. We argue that the use of a wide range and variety of ways of teaching would make the teaching richer and offer a deeper understanding about the body and health.

  • 4.
    Almqvist, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Meckbach, Jane
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Öhman, Marie
    Örebro University, Sweden.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro University, Sweden.
    How wii teach physical education and health2016Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 6, nr 4, artikkel-id 2158244016682995Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of educational computer games in physical education (PE) has become more popular in recent years and has attracted research interest. The aim of the article is to investigate how physical activities and images of the human body are offered by the game. The results show how the “teacher” constituted in the games is one who instructs and encourages the players to exercise and think about their bodies, but not a “teacher” who can help students to investigate, argue, or discuss images of health and the human body. We argue that the use of a wide range and variety of ways of teaching would make the teaching richer and offer a deeper understanding about the body and health.

  • 5.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Managers' Motivation Profiles: Measurement and Application2018Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 8, nr 2, artikkel-id 2158244018771732Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To promote leadership research on managers' motivation, a measurement (Andersen Motivation Profile Indicator [AMPI]) has been developed and tested that (a) measures achievement, affiliation, and power motivation; (b) measures the relative strengths of these factors; (c) rests explicitly on the definitions of McClelland; and (d) measures managers' work motivation. The questionnaire has been tested for reliability and validity with responses from 580 managers. The application of the instrument in four studies with responses from 565 managers in other organizations supported McClelland's theoretical claims: (a) managers have motivation profiles, (b) there are differences in motivation profiles between managers across organizational types, (c) there are no significant differences in motivation profiles between female and male managers, and (d) managers who are predominantly power motivated enhance organizational effectiveness. Arguably, the application of the instrument may be an indicator of its quality. The instrument facilitates leadership research on the relationship between managers' motivation profiles and organizational specifics, gender, sociocultural factors, and organizational outcomes.

  • 6.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Johansson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg.
    Female Fitness in the Blogosphere: Gender, Health, and the Body2013Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 3, nr July-September, s. 1-10Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes self-portrayals and gender constructions among female personal trainers within an Internet-mediated framework of fitness culture. The empirical material comes from a close examination of three strategically selected blogs. The result shows that some of the blogs clearly build upon what Connell calls emphasized femininity, as a means of legitimizing and constructing appropriate female fitness. In addition, there are also tendencies of sexualization in text and imagery present. As such, these self-representations are framed within a cultural history of body fitness dominated by stereotypical ways of perceiving masculinity and femininity. However, this does not capture the entire presentation of the self among the analyzed fitness bloggers. The blogs also point in the direction of ongoing negotiations and subversions of traditional gender norms. Among other things, they show how irony and humor are used as a means of questioning normative gender constructions while empowering female fitness and bodyliness.

  • 7.
    Barns, Angela
    et al.
    Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Svanholm, Frida
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Avdelningen för arbetsterapi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Thyberg, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Reumatologiska kliniken i Östergötland.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Living in the present: Women's everyday experiences of living with rheumatoid arthritis2015Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 5, nr 4, s. 1-13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the findings from a qualitative research project exploring eight women’s experiences of living with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Through semistructured interviews, the women provided insights into the physical, emotional, and social impacts of RA and the “work” involved in negotiating its influence in the everyday life. In narrating their experiences of adapting to RA, the women express a common desire for “normalcy,” to return to a time and space before the disruption of RA. The women’s accounts also emphasized the interrelatedness between bodily experience and constructions of self, highlighting the corporeal nature of RA and the constant shaping and reshaping of personal meanings and values.

  • 8.
    Box, Marcus
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Företagsekonomi. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, ENTER forum.
    Larsson Segerlind, Tommy
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Företagsekonomi. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, ENTER forum.
    Entrepreneurial Teams, Gender, and New Venture Survival: Contexts and Institutions2018Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 8, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The link between new venture survival and the presence of founding teams is investigated, in particular the effect of the gender composition of teams. Furthermore, we study venture survival, gender, and institutional change. A unique longitudinal database is employed, covering a large number of Swedish ventures established during 6 specific years, 1930-2005. These data capture the initial gender diversity of start-ups. The contextualization of entrepreneurship involves situational and temporal boundaries, and we elaborate on contextual factors at different levels of analysis. Our results show that ventures founded by teams have a higher probability of surviving, but show no overall team gender homogeneity/heterogeneity effect. However, we find some support for the fact that ventures founded by all-female teams have lower survival chances. Nevertheless, the clearest negative effect is found for female solo start-ups. Furthermore, our results support the fact that institutional transformation may gradually have increased the likelihood of ventures founded by females to survive. 

  • 9.
    Börjesson, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Sweden .
    Bengtsson, Staffan
    Jönköping University, Sweden .
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    “You Have to Have a Certain Feeling for This Work”: Exploring tacit knowledge in elder care2014Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 4, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Increased care worker knowledge has been emphasized for improving quality of care for older persons in organized elder care in Sweden. However, care workers and national policies are not always corresponding, with observations suggesting that care workers emphasize tacit knowledge. The aim of this article is to explore the nature of this kind of knowledge and how it can be identified and described. Field notes from participant observations at two elder care units in Sweden serve as the empirical material. Knowledge use for staff in elder care is part of a process of knowledge making and knowledge shaping. Analysis of the field notes identified the themes of “feeling for work” and “acting and artistry” as parts of a tacit knowledge in elder care. The processes of knowledge and job execution are closely intertwined, making them difficult to separate or even understand without a deeper insight.

  • 10.
    Börjesson, Ulrika
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för socialt arbete. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. SALVE (Socialt arbete, Livssammanhang, Välfärd).
    Bengtsson, Staffan
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för socialt arbete. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. SALVE (Socialt arbete, Livssammanhang, Välfärd). Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. CHILD.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för socialt arbete. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. SALVE (Socialt arbete, Livssammanhang, Välfärd). Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. CHILD.
    “You have to have a certain feeling for this work”: Exploring tacit knowledge in elder care2014Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 4, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Increased care worker knowledge has been emphasized for improving quality of care for older persons in organized elder care in Sweden. However, care workers and national policies are not always corresponding, with observations suggesting that care workers emphasize tacit knowledge. The aim of this article is to explore the nature of this kind of knowledge and how it can be identified and described. Field notes from participant observations at two elder care units in Sweden serve as the empirical material. Knowledge use for staff in elder care is part of a process of knowledge making and knowledge shaping. Analysis of the field notes identified the themes of “feeling for work” and “acting and artistry” as parts of a tacit knowledge in elder care. The processes of knowledge and job execution are closely intertwined, making them difficult to separate or even understand without a deeper insight.

  • 11.
    Crondahl, Kristine
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för socialpedagogik och sociologi.
    Eklund Karlsson, Leena
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för hälsa, kultur och pedagogik.
    Roma Empowerment and social inclusion through Work-Integrated Learning2015Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, nr jan-march, s. 1-10Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The basis for this article was a health promotion program based on participatory action research and work-integrated learning (WIL). Seven Roma people were employed and trained to work as local coordinators to empower the local Roma community by strengthening their participation in society and their sense of community, as well as to promote self-led integration. The study aimed to analyze the program from the Roma coordinators' perspectives, focusing on perceived individual empowerment and perceptions of contribution to the common good and to community empowerment. The findings, based on qualitative data, primarily interviews with the Roma coordinators, indicated that the WIL approach, the participatory nature of the program, and the trust and support from the Roma colleagues and non-Roma facilitators were essential for the development of empowerment. Three main themes emerged that portrayed the participants' psychological empowerment: strengthened Roma identity, a sense of power, and a sense of enculturated social inclusion.

  • 12.
    Cunningham, Una
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    King, Jeanette
    University of Canterbury.
    Language, Ethnicity, and Belonging for the Children of Migrants in New Zealand2018Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 1-11Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The children of migrants grow up with influence from at least two cultures, and they must negotiate their path to adulthood through one or more ethnicities and one or more language varieties that may set them apart from the majority population. We asked how teenagers born to migrant parents in an English-speaking context appeal to the cultures and/or ethnicities they identify with to explain their language choices and perceptions of belonging. More than 50 interviews were carried out with teenagers who identified as speakers of the minority language of their parents (Chinese, Dutch, French, German, Korean, or Spanish), and one or both parents of such young people. The focus of the interviews was the minority language, but they became narratives of belonging. Thematic analysis of the transcribed and (where necessary) translated interviews revealed patterns in the perceptions of the teens and their parents. The reported self-perceived proficiency of the teenagers in the minority language, their perception of their ethnicity (particularly but not exclusively for the Chinese and Korean teens) and the culture of the host country, diasporic, and home country communities- were factors in when and how the teens chose to use the minority language, and in how they identified as, for example, Dutch. More than 160 languages are spoken in New Zealand; 25% of the population was born elsewhere, yet the country is one of the most monolingual in the world. This study reveals tensions affecting the willingness of New Zealand–born young people to openly identify with their parents’ ethnicity and to use their languages. Lessons learned from those who raised bilingual children in New Zealand in the face of minimal official support and overwhelming pressure from English will be valuable to other parents and caregivers in New Zealand and elsewhere.

  • 13.
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för vårdvetenskap på avancerad nivå.
    Gardvik, Anna
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för vårdvetenskap på avancerad nivå.
    Karlsson, Helena
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för vårdvetenskap på avancerad nivå.
    Törner Mulari, Jenny
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för vårdvetenskap på avancerad nivå.
    Berndtsson, Ina
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för sjuksköterskeutbildning.
    Young Women With Anorexia Nervosa2015Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 5, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe how young women living with self-identified anorexia narrate about their lives by blogging. Thirteen Swedish blogs were chosen and analyzed by means of qualitative content analysis. The results described falling ill, the illness itself, and the path to recovery. Low self-esteem, depressed state of mind, and self-destructive behavior were typical signs at the start of the illness. The women’s lives were characterized by a need for controlling their body by tormenting it and by the illness demanding all their concentration and energy. The women suffered from the feeling of being a disappointment to their family members. The illness was like an enemy that had to be defeated with the help of family members, health care professionals, and by means of therapy. A turning point occurred when the women felt at their worst or had tired of the illness and could concentrate on something other than their body and the eating disorder. Suffering from self-identified anorexia was described as experiencing low self-esteem. The illness took all of the women’s time and energy. For a turning point to be reached, the women needed support from family, friends, and health care professionals, including the use of distractions.

  • 14.
    Eisenchlas, Susana A.
    et al.
    Griffith University, Australia.
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Griffith University, Australia.
    Guillemin, Diana
    Griffith University, Australia.
    The importance of literacy in the home language: The view from Australia2013Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 3, nr 4, s. 1-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    While advantages of literacy in the home language have been widely documented, the Australian education system has not been proactive in providing institutional support for its development. This paper investigates the impact of (il)literacy in the home language on the academic, affective, and social development of bilingual/multilingual children and proposes principles that home-language-literacy programs should meet to be effective. It discusses programs that, although designed to develop literacy or second-language proficiency mainly in classroom contexts, could be easily adapted to address the needs of the linguistically and culturally diverse Australian context. We argue that the cost of not investing in successful homelanguage-literacy programs will be higher in the long run than their implementation costs and recommend that Australia should consider supporting grassroots home-language-literacy programs in a push to improve overall literacy outcomes for Australian home-language speakers. © The Author(s) 2013.

  • 15.
    Fis, Ahmet Murat
    et al.
    Özyeğin University, Turkey.
    Ozturkcan, Selcen
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för marknadsföring (MF).
    Gur, Faik
    Özyeğin University, Turkey.
    Being a woman entrepreneur in Turkey: life role expectations and entrepreneurial self-efficacy2019Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 1-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Two major competing life roles, work, and family, are reported to dominate people’s efforts in constructing a life. Here, we aim to explore whether and how attributed life roles and related coping strategies of current and aspiring women entrepreneurs meaningfully differentiate and whether the existence of entrepreneurs in their families affects the formation of these different clusters. In our empirical, two-part exploratory study conducted in the emerging economy setting of Turkey, first, we utilize the survey results of 234 women entrepreneurs to explore the issue, and then in the second part of the study, we administer face-to-face interviews to draw out some critical insights. We end up with three different clusters differentiating in their responses to challenges and effect of these on their entrepreneurial self-efficacy beliefs. We believe our study may shed some light on understanding nonhomogeneous women response to roles and challenges in society and women’s entrepreneurial journey.

  • 16.
    Gacia, Danilo
    et al.
    Blekinge Center of Competence, Karlskrona.
    Adrianson, Lillemor
    Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT.
    Archer, Trevor
    Rosenberg, Patricia
    Network for Empowerment and Well-Being.
    The Dark Side of the Affective  Profiles: Differences and Similarities  in Psychopathy, Machiavellianism,  and Narcissism2015Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, ISSN 2158-2440, s. 1-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The affective profiles model is based on the combination of individuals’ experience of high/low positive affect and high/low negative affect: self-fulfilling, high affective, low affective, and self-destructive. We used the profiles as the backdrop for the investigation of individual differences in malevolent character traits (i.e., the Dark Triad: psychopathy, Machiavellianism, and narcissism). A total of 1,000 participants (age: M = 31.50 SD = 10.27, 667 males and 333 females), recruited through Amazons’ Mechanical Turk (MTurk), responded to the Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule and the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen. Individuals with a high affective profile reported higher degree of narcissism than those with any other profile, and together with individuals with a self-destructive profile, also higher degree of Machiavellianism and psychopathy than individuals with a low affective and self-fulfilling profile. Males scored higher in Machiavellianism and psychopathy. Together with earlier findings, our results show that while individuals in both the self-fulfilling and high affective profiles are extrovert and self-directed, only those in the high affective profile express an immature and malevolent character (i.e., high levels of all Dark Triad traits). Conversely, individuals in the self-fulfilling profile have earlier reported higher levels of cooperativeness and faith. More importantly, the unique association between high levels of positive emotions and narcissism and the unified association between negative emotions to both psychopathy and Machiavellianism imply a dyad rather than a triad of malevolent character traits.

  • 17.
    Gikonyo, Lucy
    et al.
    Strathmore University, Nairobi.
    Berndt, Adele
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Internationella Handelshögskolan, IHH, Företagsekonomi.
    Wadawi, Joseph
    Strathmore University.
    Critical success factors for franchised restaurants entering the Kenyan market: Franchisors’ perspective2015Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 5, nr 4, s. 1-8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s globalized world, businesses look to expand to have a global presence. Restaurant businesses have expanded internationally using franchising. This study sought to determine the critical success factors (CSFs) of a franchised restaurant system entering the Kenyan market from the franchisors’ perspective. It sought to establish how franchisors define, identify, and evaluate success. This study provides a theoretical framework that helps to understand the background of why organizations seek to expand using franchising method and consequently the CSFs of franchised restaurants entering the Kenyan market. The study used qualitative methodology with the use of in-depth interviews for collecting data. The results yielded CSFs from the franchisors’ perspective. As revealed by the study, the CSFs include brand power/concept, competitive environment, government policies, distance management, cultural appeal, excellent selection of franchisees, good site/location selection, good relationship with the franchisees, and proper contract management. These findings can be used by restaurant franchises that seek to establish successful businesses in the Kenyan market and other similar regional markets. The Africa franchise partners may also find some useful information from this article as they seek to set up the Franchise Association of Kenya. Other franchise businesses may also benefit from some aspects of the study.

  • 18.
    Golzari, Fatemeh
    et al.
    Shiraz University, Eram Square, Shiraz, Iran.
    Hemati Alamdarloo, Ghorban
    Shiraz University, Eram Square, Shiraz, Iran.
    Moradi, Shahram
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande.
    The Effect of a Social Stories Intervention on the Social Skills of Male Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder2015Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 5, nr 4, s. 1-8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study aimed to investigate the effect of a social stories intervention on the social skills of male students with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). The sample included 30 male students with ASD who were selected through convenience sampling and randomly assigned to an experimental group (n = 15) or a control group (n = 15). The social skills of both groups were assessed pre- and post-test using Stone and colleagues’ Social Skills Scale (which included subscales for understanding/perspective-taking, initiating interactions, responding to interactions, and maintaining interactions). The experimental group participated in 16 sessions of social stories training, while the control group did not. Overall, the results showed that the social stories intervention improved the social skills of the children with ASD in the experimental group compared with the control group. The effects of the social stories intervention were mostly evident in the subscales for understanding/perspective-taking, initiating interactions, and maintaining interactions with others. The social stories intervention had no effect on the subscale assessing ability to respond to others. The study findings emphasize the effectiveness of the social stories intervention in improving the social skills of children with ASD, which may be used by teachers, parents, or professionals who work with such children.

  • 19.
    Haga, Andreas
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för teknik och miljö, Avdelningen för bygg- energi- och miljöteknik, Miljöpsykologi.
    Eco-label effects in the built environment: does labeling a light source environmentally friendly influence performance and judgement?2018Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 8, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 20.
    Hajin, Mona
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier.
    Seeking Personal Autonomy Through the Use of Facebook in Iran2013Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 1-13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In Iran, where males and females are kept separated in different spheres, Facebook may be used as an opportunity to bridge this gap between the genders. However, this study showed that Facebook, as a nonymous platform in which people are in contact with their already-made social ties, didn’t seem to be liberating from the existing norms and rules within society. Facebook was a stage that became restricted with the involvement of social ties. The study’s analysis of interviews with six young Iranians showed that social meanings and norms of self-presentation on Facebook are defined to a large degree in terms of gender. The informants used a variety of strategies when presenting themselves on Facebook. They used Facebook simply for gaining personal autonomy. Strategies were adopted especially when one’s personal and community needs were in conflict. Efforts made to apply strategies were gendered and were used mainly by females. Males conformed to and women resisted societal norms and expectations.

  • 21.
    Harcourt, Deborah
    et al.
    Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, Australia.
    Quennerstedt, Ann
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Ethical Guardrails When Children Participate in Research: Risk and Practice in Sweden and Australia2014Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 4, nr 3, s. 1-8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates interpretations of sound research ethics in social science research involving children as framed through regulation. Coinciding with an emergent significance being given to research that involves children, debate has developed regarding whether particular ethical considerations are warranted in this type of research. We overlay the examination of regulation documents in Sweden and Australia with an interpretative lens drawn from these regulations that has the potential to position children as competent social actors in the research process. We then argue that there is possibility for ethical procedures to be viewed not only as risk management but also as beneficial research practice to stimulate continuing debate about how to work ethically in social science research when children are participants.

  • 22.
    Hedefalk, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Almqvist, Jonas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Lidar, Malena
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fakulteten för utbildningsvetenskaper, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier.
    Teaching for action competence2014Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, ISSN Online ISSN: 2158-2440, Vol. 4, s. 1-8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this article is to explore preschool children’s possibilities to learn to act for sustainable development. The purpose is to describe and analyze which actions are privileged when children participate in preschool activities. Analyses of video recordings of everyday preschool activities show how children experience activities where they critically discuss and make value judgments about actions. The results of the analyses also show how different actions become relevant in different practices. Furthermore, comparisons are made between the preschool practices and three teaching principles within education for sustainable development (ESD). In ESD, action competence is the ability to critically make value judgments about different alternative ways to act for a sustainable future. The result shows how children make value judgments in situations where facts are not sufficient for solving a problem.

  • 23.
    Hochwälder, Jacek
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Sense of Coherence: Notes on Some Challenges for Future Research2019Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 9, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Antonovsky introduced the salutogenic model whose aim is to explain the origins of health and to describe how health can be promoted. Sense of coherence (SOC) is the core concept in the model and is defined as the degree of meaningfulness, comprehensibility, and manageability that people feel in their life. The aim of this article is to bring attention to some topics on SOC that need to be explored in future research. First, SOC and how it is measured are briefly described. Thereafter, there is a brief discussion of the following seven topics: (a) the dimensionality of the SOC scale, (b) SOC as the causal variable, (c) SOC as the outcome variable, (d) general SOC versus domain-specific SOC, (e) the concept of boundary in the measurement of SOC, (f) SOC as a continuous versus a dichotomized or trichotomized variable, and (g) the importance of relating SOC to salutogenic outcome measures. In conclusion, the salutogenic model, with its core concept of SOC, is an excellent guide for research on health and well-being, but there are still some parts of this model that deserve further theoretical and empirical attention. 

  • 24.
    Holmgren, Jessica
    Röda Korsets Högskola, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen.
    A Visual Analysis on How the Physical Environment Conditions Relatives' Involvement in Nursing Homes2017Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 1-10Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study seeks to describe how the composition of the physical care environment conditions relatives' involvement in nursing home institutions. It is well known that the physical care environment in institutions has a significant impact on the well-being of residents and the work satisfaction of nursing staff. Less explored is how physical care environmental factors are related to the involvement of relatives in nursing homes. A visual analysis of 52 photographs from three nursing homes in Sweden shows how the physical environment acts to condition the involvement of relatives through the use of design, information displays, and cultural symbols. Although various aspects of the physical environment promoted participation of relatives, that engagement was based on certain limited concepts of involvement. This suggests that other conceptual frameworks of involvement in nursing homes are possible, and that these might encourage other aspects of involvement from the relatives of nursing home residents.

  • 25.
    Holmgren, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd. Röda Korsets Högskola, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen, Sweden.
    A Visual Analysis on How the Physical Environment Conditions Relatives' Involvement in Nursing Homes2017Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 1-10Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study seeks to describe how the composition of the physical care environment conditions relatives' involvement in nursing home institutions. It is well known that the physical care environment in institutions has a significant impact on the well-being of residents and the work satisfaction of nursing staff. Less explored is how physical care environmental factors are related to the involvement of relatives in nursing homes. A visual analysis of 52 photographs from three nursing homes in Sweden shows how the physical environment acts to condition the involvement of relatives through the use of design, information displays, and cultural symbols. Although various aspects of the physical environment promoted participation of relatives, that engagement was based on certain limited concepts of involvement. This suggests that other conceptual frameworks of involvement in nursing homes are possible, and that these might encourage other aspects of involvement from the relatives of nursing home residents.

  • 26.
    Holmqvist Olander, Mona
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Burman, Helen
    Municipality of Hässleholm.
    Social review as a tool for developing social skills: using contrasting cases2013Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 1-8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to, based on a theory of learning, compare in what ways two different cases of the use of self-monitoring videotapes for developing social skills in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) facilitates social behavior studied with a micro-level approach. Two verbal 15-year-old male students with ASD and cognitive disabilities were filmed for 20 min in three different situations. Student A (Adam) was shown contrasting videotaped examples of his desired/ undesired behaviors and questioned about his perceptions. Based on variation theory, the conjecture to use contrasts to enhance learning has been implemented. Student B (Bill) was videotaped in three different situations on three different occasions, and his behavior was analyzed before and after the intervention by counting incidents of deviant behavior in all nine videos. Both participants expressed increased awareness of their behavior and were able to sustain change, and Bill decreased deviant behavior in one of the focused situations (practical instruction) from 37 to 3 incidents after 6 months.

  • 27.
    Johansson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för idrottsvetenskap (ID).
    Mattsson, Christer
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    From Subcultures to Common Culture: Bodybuilders, Skinheads, and the Normalization of the Marginal2017Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 1-9Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Using bodybuilders and skinheads/neo-Nazis as two rather diverse examples of subcultures, the present study theoretically explores our understanding of subculture and common culture. The study aims to explore how the concept of subculture can be used analytically in relation to processes of normalization and marginalization. The focus is on the historical, symbolic, and biographical relation between the subculture, the subcultural response, and sociopolitical transformations in society and culture. We are interested in understanding the processes through which, for example, bodybuilding has moved back and forth, over time, between a subcultural position and a more common fitness culture. In parallel to this, we are also interested in how subcultures centered on skinheads, neo-Nazis, and right-wing extremists influence and are connected to more general political transformations and opinions in contemporary society, blurring the distinction between subculture and common culture. The results indicate a complex relation between subcultures and the mainstreaming of certain values, opinions, and practices.

  • 28.
    Karlsson, Jan Ch
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013).
    Skorstad, Egil J.
    Högskolan i Östfold, Norge.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013).
    On the track of the worker collectivity: Its various adventures over the past 60 years2015Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 5, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the 1950s, the Norwegian sociologist Sverre Lysgaard investigated social relations at a pulp and paper mill, the result of which was his theory of the “worker collectivity.” This is an informal defense organization among subordinate employees against a company’s work organization and goals. Our research group returned to the same plant, which until 2012 was still a pulp and paper mill, with two questions in mind: Was the worker collectivity still present at the plant? What had happened since Lysgaard’s study when it came to the preconditions for the existence of the worker collectivity?

  • 29.
    Knez, Igor
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbetshälsovetenskap och psykologi, Psykologi.
    Hjärpe, Daniel
    Bryngelsson, Mari
    Predicting Organizational Citizenship Behavior: The Role of Work-Related Self2019Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 9, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to investigate the links between work-related identification, conceptualized, and operationalized as the work-related self (WS), and the “good soldier syndrome” (organizational citizenship behavior [OCB]). More precisely, we investigated the relationships between emotional and cognitive components of WS and OCB dimensions of altruism, conscientiousness, courtesy, civic virtue, and sportsmanship. A total of 147 subjects working within the Swedish public sector participated in this study. As hypothesized, WS significantly predicted OCB. A positive association was found between the emotional component of WS and OCB dimensions of altruism, conscientiousness, and civic virtue. This suggests that the “good soldier syndrome” might be, to some extent, accounted for by the psychological mechanisms of work bonding, especially, highlighting the importance of the emotional component of work-related identification. 

  • 30.
    Mathew Martin, Poothullil John
    et al.
    Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Mumbai, India.
    Sahasrabudhe, Sujit
    Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Mumbai, India.
    Chavan, Prashant D.
    Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Mumbai, India.
    Toppo, Deepak
    Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Mumbai, India.
    Captioning and Indian Sign Language as Accessibility Tools in Universal Design2013Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 1-15Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Universal Design in Media as a strategy to achieve accessibility in digital television started in Spain in 1997 with the digitalization of satellite platforms (MuTra, 2006). In India, a conscious effort toward a strategy for accessible media format in digital television is yet to be made. Advertising in India is a billion dollar industry (Adam Smith, 2008) and digital television provides a majority of the space for it. This study investigated the effects of advertisement in accessible format, through the use of captioning and Indian sign language (ISL), on hearing and deaf people. “Deaf (capital letter ‘D’ used for culturally Deaf) and hearing” viewers watched two short recent advertisements with and without accessibility formats in a randomized order. Their reactions were recorded on a questionnaire developed for the purpose of the study. Eighty-four persons participated in this study of which 42 were deaf persons. Analysis of the data showed that there was difference in the effects of accessible and nonaccessible formats of advertisement on the “Deaf and Hearing” viewers. The study showed that accessible formats increased the comprehension of the message of the advertisement and use of ISL helped deaf persons to understand concepts better. While captioning increased the perception of the hearing persons to correlate with listening and understanding the concept of the advertisement, the deaf persons correlated watching the ISL interpreter with understanding the concept of the advertisement. Placement of the ISL interpreter in the screen and color of the fonts used for captioning were also covered under the study. However, the placement of the ISL interpreter and color of fonts in the screen and their correlation with comprehension of the advertisement by hearing and deaf persons did not show much of significance in the result of the study.

  • 31.
    Miller, Emelie
    et al.
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Johansson, Boo
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Capability to Paint and Alzheimer’s Disease: Relationship to Disease Stages and Instructions2016Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although quite many qualitative studies on painting in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) have been conducted, there is a lack of quantitative studies, examining the ability to paint in people with AD in relation to disease stages, and to what extent instructions are associated with actual performance. The present study aimed at investigating the capability to paint among nonartist AD participants (N = 17) in an instructed painting condition versus a noninstructed painting condition. Differences in time spent and area of canvas used in the two painting conditions were assessed and related to scores on the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Clock Test. Number of colors used and color preferences were also assessed. A within-subjects experimental design was used. Analyses revealed a statistically significant difference between time and area used in the two painting conditions, where both time and area were used more in the noninstructed condition. MMSE scores and scores on the Clock Test correlated significantly with time spent in both conditions. Higher scores predicted longer painting sessions. Mean number of colors used was 5. Color preferences were bright colors in general and green in particular. Possible artistic development was noted. The overall conclusion is that people with AD have a preserved capability to paint, with and without instructions, even those in the later stages of the disease. The results also indicate that an artistic development is possible and that painting can be used as an appreciated and beneficial activity for people with AD.

  • 32.
    Moen, Oyfrid Larsen
    et al.
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, NTNU, N-2802 Gjovik, Norway..
    Hedelin, Birgitta
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, NTNU, N-2802 Gjovik, Norway..
    Hall-Lord, Marie Louise
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013). Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, NTNU, N-2802 Gjovik, Norway.
    Family Functioning, Psychological Distress, and Well-Being in Parents with a Child Having ADHD2016Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 6, nr 1, artikkel-id 2158244015626767Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common behavioral disorders in children. Children with ADHD have difficulties regarding the regulation of their emotions and activities and of the maintenance of attention and impulse control. Families with children with ADHD encounter many challenges, and the public health nurse is highlighted as helping and supporting these families. The aim of this study was to investigate families with a child having ADHD from the parents' perspective. A cross-sectional study was performed. In total, N = 264 parents of children with ADHD, 217 mothers and 47 fathers (48.2%), responded on a questionnaire regarding psychological distress, family sense of coherence, and family functioning. Parents with ADHD and parents with children not medicated for ADHD seemed most vulnerable. Parents' wellbeing and psychological distress seem to influence family functioning the most, with the behavior of the child with ADHD and support from the community health services had importance.

  • 33.
    Okenwa-Emegwa, Leah
    et al.
    University of Gävle.
    Lawoko, Stephen
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Jansson, Bjarne
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Attitudes Toward Physical Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in Nigeria2016Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 6, nr 4, artikkel-id 2158244016667993Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Attitudes toward intimate partner violence (IPV) are known predictors of IPV victimization and perpetration with more women generally believed to justify IPV than men. An understanding of the determinants of justification of IPV may provide information necessary for holistic interventions. This study sought to examine the magnitude, extent, and predictors of justification of physical IPV against women among men and women in Nigeria. Data from 33,385 women and 15,486 men from the 2008 Nigerian demographic and health surveys were analyzed using chi-square test and multiple logistic regressions. Results show that although larger proportions of women justified physical IPV, certain categories of men such as poor, illiterate men, and men with secondary education justified abuse more than women. Contrary to expectations, access to radio/TV increased the odds of justifying abuse among women thus casting doubts on program content. The gender differences observed for predictors of attitudes to physical IPV suggest a need for gender-tailored interventions to change attitudes toward partner violence in Nigeria.

  • 34.
    Okenwa-Emegwa, Leah
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap.
    Lawoko, Stephen
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jansson, Bjarne
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Attitudes Toward Physical Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in Nigeria2016Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 6, nr 4, artikkel-id 2158244016667993Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Attitudes toward intimate partner violence (IPV) are known predictors of IPV victimization and perpetration with more women generally believed to justify IPV than men. An understanding of the determinants of justification of IPV may provide information necessary for holistic interventions. This study sought to examine the magnitude, extent, and predictors of justification of physical IPV against women among men and women in Nigeria. Data from 33,385 women and 15,486 men from the 2008 Nigerian demographic and health surveys were analyzed using chi-square test and multiple logistic regressions. Results show that although larger proportions of women justified physical IPV, certain categories of men such as poor, illiterate men, and men with secondary education justified abuse more than women. Contrary to expectations, access to radio/TV increased the odds of justifying abuse among women thus casting doubts on program content. The gender differences observed for predictors of attitudes to physical IPV suggest a need for gender-tailored interventions to change attitudes toward partner violence in Nigeria.

  • 35.
    Paillard-Borg, Stéphanie
    et al.
    Röda Korsets Högskola, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen.
    Hallberg, David
    Röda Korsets Högskola, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen.
    The Other Side of the Mirror: An Analytic Journalistic Approach to the Subjective Well-Being of Filipino Women Migrant Workers in Japan2018Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 8, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In its political structural reform, the Japanese government presents the urgency to consider an increase in labor mobility that includes the issue of immigration to Japan. Women from Southeast Asia represent a large proportion of this immigration. The aim of this case study was to identify factors associated with subjective well-being (SWB) among Filipino women migrant workers in Tokyo, Japan. The study used an analytic journalistic approach. A focus group interview was conducted with three women and the data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Communication, support network, faith, and sense of identity were identified as the main factors contributing to SWB among these women. In conclusion, the feminization of migration will continue; therefore, better understanding about the factors associated to SWB is needed to ease the impact of migration on home and host countries.

  • 36.
    Paillard-Borg, Stéphanie
    et al.
    Röda Korsets Högskola, Avdelningen Medicin och Folkhälsa.
    Holmgren, Jessica
    Röda Korsets Högskola, Avdelningen Vård och Omvårdnad.
    Immigration, Women, and Japan—A Leap Ahead and a Step Behind: A Qualitative Journalistic Approach2016Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 1-7, artikkel-id 2158244016673129Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Japan has become a super-aged society, facing demographic challenges resulting in societal and economic consequences. In its political structural reform, the Japanese government presented the urgency to consider the increase in labor mobility that includes the issues of immigration and female employment, both domestic and foreign. The aim of this study was to explore, from a Japanese woman’s perspective, the intertwined issues of immigration. An in-depth interview was performed and analyzed by content analysis with a methodological departure in qualitative journalistic interviewing. The case was a Japanese woman with a unique profile. The results of this study, family permanency and group cohesiveness, can contribute to understand the potential interdependency between the roles, within the Japanese society, of foreign female domestic workers and Japanese women. In conclusion, it appears that the pivotal role of women in the Japanese society and the global feminization of migration challenge Japanese social consistency.

  • 37.
    Paillard-Borg, Stéphanie
    et al.
    Röda Korsets Högskola, Avdelningen Medicin och Folkhälsa, Sweden.
    Holmgren, Jessica
    Röda Korsets Högskola, Avdelningen Vård och Omvårdnad, Sweden.
    Immigration, Women, and Japan—A Leap Ahead and a Step Behind: A Qualitative Journalistic Approach2016Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 1-7, artikkel-id 2158244016673129Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Japan has become a super-aged society, facing demographic challenges resulting in societal and economic consequences. In its political structural reform, the Japanese government presented the urgency to consider the increase in labor mobility that includes the issues of immigration and female employment, both domestic and foreign. The aim of this study was to explore, from a Japanese woman’s perspective, the intertwined issues of immigration. An in-depth interview was performed and analyzed by content analysis with a methodological departure in qualitative journalistic interviewing. The case was a Japanese woman with a unique profile. The results of this study, family permanency and group cohesiveness, can contribute to understand the potential interdependency between the roles, within the Japanese society, of foreign female domestic workers and Japanese women. In conclusion, it appears that the pivotal role of women in the Japanese society and the global feminization of migration challenge Japanese social consistency.

  • 38.
    Peighambari, Kaveh
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Sattari, Setayesh
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Kordestani, Arash
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Consumer Behavior Research: A Synthesis of the Recent Literature2016Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 6, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes 12 years of recent scholarly research on consumer behavior published in the five leading international journals in this field. Analyzing academic contributions to a specific area of research provides valuable insights into how it has evolved over a defined period. The approach was to briefly discuss content analysis and its application in scholarly literature review studies. The methodology used here involves the classification of topics to evaluate key trends in consumer behavior literature. It includes a ranking of topics published, typology of the published articles, the research classification in terms of methodologies, and analysis techniques. The most cited articles in the field and within each journal are also examined. The comprehensive literature review of consumer behavior research undertaken in this article could advance the discipline of consumer behavior research by elucidating the evolution of consumer behavior literature in the studied period.

  • 39.
    Peighambari, Kaveh
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för marknadsföring (MF).
    Sattari, Setayesh
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för marknadsföring (MF).
    Kordestani, Arash
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Consumer Behavior Research: A Synthesis of the Recent Literature2016Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 6, nr 2Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes 12 years of recent scholarly research on consumer behavior published in the five leading international journals in this field. Analyzing academic contributions to a specific area of research provides valuable insights into how it has evolved over a defined period. The approach was to briefly discuss content analysis and its application in scholarly literature review studies. The methodology used here involves the classification of topics to evaluate key trends in consumer behavior literature. It includes a ranking of topics published, typology of the published articles, the research classification in terms of methodologies, and analysis techniques. The most cited articles in the field and within each journal are also examined. The comprehensive literature review of consumer behavior research undertaken in this article could advance the discipline of consumer behavior research by elucidating the evolution of consumer behavior literature in the studied period. © 2016, © The Author(s) 2016.

  • 40.
    Peighambari, Kaveh
    et al.
    Linneaus University.
    Sattari, Setayesh
    Linneaus University.
    Kordestani, Arash
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Linneaus University.
    Consumer Behavior Research: A Synthesis of the Recent Literature2016Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 6, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes 12 years of recent scholarly research on consumer behavior published in the five leading international journals in this field. Analyzing academic contributions to a specific area of research provides valuable insights into how it has evolved over a defined period. The approach was to briefly discuss content analysis and its application in scholarly literature review studies. The methodology used here involves the classification of topics to evaluate key trends in consumer behavior literature. It includes a ranking of topics published, typology of the published articles, the research classification in terms of methodologies, and analysis techniques. The most cited articles in the field and within each journal are also examined. The comprehensive literature review of consumer behavior research undertaken in this article could advance the discipline of consumer behavior research by elucidating the evolution of consumer behavior literature in the studied period.

  • 41.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Flintoff, Anne
    Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, UK.
    Webb, Louisa
    Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK.
    Narratives From YouTube: Juxtaposing Stories About Physical Education2013Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, nr 3, s. 1-10Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

     The aim of this paper is to explore what is performed in students’ and teachers’ actions in physical education practice in terms of “didactic irritations,” through an analysis of YouTube clips from 285 PE lessons from 27 different countries. Didactic irritations are occurrences that Rønholt describes as those demanding “didactic, pedagogical reflections and discussions, which in turn could lead to alternative thinking and understanding about teaching and learning.” Drawing on Barad’s ideas of performativity to challenge our habitual anthropocentric analytical gaze when looking at educational visual data, and using narrative construction, we also aim to give meaning to actions, relations, and experiences of the participants in the YouTube clips. To do this, we present juxtaposing narratives from teachers and students in terms of three “didactic irritations”: (a) stories from a track, (b), stories from a game, and (c), stories from a bench. The stories re-present events-of-moving in the data offering insights into embodied experiences in PE practice, making students’ as well as teachers’ actions in PE practice understandable.

  • 42.
    Scaramuzzino, Roberto
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Wennerhag, Magnus
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Sociologi.
    Civil Society Organizations Going European?: The Europeanization of Swedish CSOs2015Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 1-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores factors that influence Swedish civil society organizations’ (CSOs) degree of activity at different geographical and administrative levels and, in particular, how they are affected by processes of Europeanization in the social welfare policy area. The present study is based on a national survey and includes approximately 1,600 Swedish CSOs. Despite the often claimed mismatch between the Swedish welfare model and European Union (EU) level social policy measures, EU membership has opened a new level of opportunities for activities for Swedish CSOs. The results show that Swedish CSOs are mostly active at the local level and very seldom at the European level. The strongest factor contributing to Swedish CSOs’ degree of activity at the European level is the perceived relevance of this level. Furthermore, resources have a great impact. CSOs that can claim strong representativeness and that have access to employed staff are more likely to be Europeanized.

  • 43.
    Schiller, Stefan
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    The Quest for Rationality: Chief Financial Officers' and Accounting Master's Students' Perception of Economic Rationality2017Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 7, nr 2, artikkel-id 2158244017704482Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article, based on experimental evidence, reports insights into how chief financial officers-experts-and master's students in accountingnovicesperceive economic rationality within the field of accounting. Based on the prospect theory and the fourfold pattern, four scenarios, covering everyday business situations, are used as a measurement instrument for capturing the experimental subjects' perception of economic rationality. The findings of the article indicate that the experts and the novices seem to be more economically rational when it comes to dealing with risk and uncertainty related to gains than when dealing with risk and uncertainty associated with losses. Furthermore, the novices tend to deal with the sunk-cost fallacy in a more economically rational way than the experts. From an economically rational point of view, mental accounting should not be particularly important in accounting judgment and decision making, but sometimes the experimental subjects seem to frame the scenario/issue at hand in mental-accounting terms.

  • 44.
    Schnabel, Annette
    et al.
    Bergische Universität Wuppertal, Germany.
    Hjerm, Mikael
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    How the religious cleavages of civil society shape national identity2014Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 4, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on religion and the embeddedness in civil society. We examine the relationship between religion and national identity (ethnic and civic). Our findings show that individual religiosity continues to play an important role in sustaining both forms of national identity. In addition to other studies, we examine the relationship between religion as a societal phenomenon and individual national identity and find the following: The stronger the relationship between state and religion, the stronger the ethnic identity; the more the religious homogeneity, the stronger the ethnic identity; and there is no relationship between aggregated degree of religious organizations and identity. We conclude that religion continues to play a major role in the making of civil society, but the specific circumstances vary according to the religious representation. In other words, religion can both make and unmake national identity.

    The associational life of civil society is the actual ground where all versions of the good are worked out and tested . . . and proven to be partial, incomplete, ultimately unsatisfying. It can’t be the case that living on this ground is good-in-itself; there isn’t any other place to live. What is true is that the quality of our political and economic activity and of our national culture is intimately connected to the strength and vitality of our associations. Ideally, civil society is a setting of settings: all are included, none is preferred.

  • 45. Sircova, Anna
    et al.
    van de Vijver, F.J.R
    Osin, E
    Milfont, T.L.
    Fieulaine, N
    Kislali-Erginbilgic, A
    Zimbardo, G
    Djarallah, S
    Seghir Chorfi, M
    do Rego Leite, U
    Lin, H
    Lv, H
    Bunjevac, T
    Tomas, T
    Punek, J
    Vrlec, A
    Matic, J
    Bokulic, M
    Klicperová-Baker, M
    Kost ál, J
    Seema, R
    Baltin, A
    Aposttolidis, T
    Pediaditakis, D
    Griva, F
    Anagnostopoulos, F
    Carmi, N
    Goroshit, M
    Peri, M
    Shimojima, Y
    Sato, K
    Ochi, K
    Kairvs, A
    Liniauskaite, A
    Corral-Verdugo, V
    Przepiorka, A
    Blachnio, A
    Ortuno, V.E.C
    Gamboa, V
    Mitina, O
    Semyenova, N
    Gerasimova, V
    Rawski (Nepryakho), T
    Kuleshova, E
    Polskaya, N
    Tulinov, N
    Romanko, I
    Semina, Y
    Nikitina, E
    Yasnaya, V
    Davydova, I
    Utyasheva, E
    Emeliyanova, I
    Ershova, R
    Nedeljkovic, J
    Díaz Morales, J.F.
    Carelli, Maria Grazia
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Wiberg, Britt
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Boniwell, I
    Linley, P.A
    Boyd, J.N
    A global look at time: a 24-country study of the equivalence of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory2014Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, nr 4, s. 1-12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we assess the structural equivalence of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI) across 26 samples from 24 countries (N = 12,200). The ZTPI is proven to be a valid and reliable index of individual differences in time perspective across five temporal categories: Past Negative, Past Positive, Present Fatalistic, Present Hedonistic, and Future. We obtained evidence for invariance of 36 items (out of 56) and also the five-factor structure of ZTPI across 23 countries. The short ZTPI scales are reliable for country-level analysis, whereas we recommend the use of the full scales for individual-level analysis. The short version of ZTPI will further promote integration of research in the time perspective domain in relation to many different psycho-social processes.

  • 46.
    Sörbom, Adrienne
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor (SCORE).
    Ahrne, Göran
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor (SCORE).
    The Organization of Global Politics: the case of the labor movementInngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Globalization occurs in a variety of social spheres, and different types of organizations have varying possibilities for becoming global actors. The aim of this paper is to explain why some non-governmental political actors have difficulty acting outside the framework of the nation state whereas others are more succesful. Drawing on the cases of the Socialist International, four European trade unions and Amnesty International, the paper explores organizational preconditions for becoming global political actors. The analysis is based on both contemporary and historical empirical sources, showing that in the cases of the European unions and the Socialist International the prime organizational form chosen for non-national cooperation is the international meta-organization. This form may render international recognition, but is rooted in national organizations making it less suitable for global politics. The best explanation for this un-aptness is strong internal differences, caused by the national embeddedness of political parties and trade unions. The paper points to four factors explaining this embeddedness and the following difficulties: members’ interests, a broad agenda, and the necessity of engaging in solutions, leading to a lack of leadership. Comparing the results with the organizational form of Amnesty International the paper shows that it is the opposite to the meta-organizations of parties and unions. Amnesty is not fighting for the immediate interests of its members; it has a narrow agenda; it does not engage in solutions; and as a result it has strong leadership and can more easily act as a united global actor.

  • 47.
    Theandersson, Christer
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen för Pedagogik.
    Rolandsson, Bertil
    Preventing Cooperative Knowledge Production From Falling Apart: A Matter of Trust in Academia2013Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. October-December, nr 4, s. 1-12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to analyze why work life representatives are engaging themselves in joint knowledge production with academia. We intend to deepen our understanding of how the practitioners’ trust in academia is constituted, that is what trust-building practices conditions their trust. The article is based on interviews with practitioners who are cooperating with a Swedish research center. The result indicates that practitioners’ trust in cooperation is based on a combination of different trust-building practices, among which the academy as a dependable supplier of objective and authoritative knowledge production is still important. At the same time, practitioners’ trust is also dependent on the existence of shared and integrated knowledge production relevant to their professions. The main conclusion of the study is that academia has to manage a set of different conditions demanding that different trust-building practices be combined and managed for trust to be maintained.

  • 48.
    Wamala, Caroline
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för sociala och psykologiska studier.
    I Have to Give an “I Can” Attitude: Gender Patterns in Beeping Practices2013Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 1-11Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Intentional missed calling, referred to as beeping through the mobile phone, is a popular communication practice among Africans. Targeting young mobile phone users in Uganda, this article builds on previous research on beeping, but focuses on gender as a point of analysis. Data informing this article are based on 76 qualitative interviews with university students and recent graduates who are currently employed, and the results indicate that beeping practices are embedded in sociocultural, normative, gender patterns. The data also show that beeping is a multilayered exercise that each individual at some social-relational level engages in: It is the relationship to the beep recipient that negotiates this practice. Mapping local, diverse expressions of masculinities and femininity at the intersection of beeping activities, the study offers some recommendations on how Information Communication Technologies (ICT) in general can be useful signals of understanding sociological order.

  • 49.
    Wiklund, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Öhman, Ann
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Bengs, Carita
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Malmgren-Olsson, Eva-Britt
    Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Sjukgymnastik.
    Living close to the edge: embodied dimensions of distress during emerging adulthood2014Inngår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 2, nr 4, s. 1-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although self-reported stress-related problems are common among Swedish adolescent girls and young women, few qualitative studies have been made of young people’s own understandings and descriptions of their situation. The aim of our present study, therefore, is to explore and analyze the lived experiences of stress among adolescent girls and young women who had sought help at a youth health center. Interviews were conducted with 40 girls and young women, aged 16-25 years. The interviews were analyzed by qualitative content analysis. “Living close to the edge” is interpreted as the common theme running through all of the interviews and represents the participants’ sometimes unbearable situations. The theme contains dimensions of physical, emotional, cognitive, social, and existential distress, as well as dimensions of distrust and disempowerment. Findings highlight the importance of addressing these dimensions in youth health interventions. The importance of contextualizing young women’s distress is furthermore emphasized.

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