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  • 1.
    Buller, Henry
    et al.
    Univ Exeter, England.
    Blokhuis, Harry
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Sweden.
    Jensen, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Keeling, Linda
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Sweden.
    Towards Farm Animal Welfare and Sustainability2018In: Animals, ISSN 2076-2615, E-ISSN 2076-2615, Vol. 8, no 6, article id 81Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As farm animal welfare becomes an increasingly important component of contemporary global livestock production, animal welfare science and animal welfare policy-making need to find new ways of entering global debates over food security and sustainability. In this paper, we explore the means by which both animal welfare science and policy should articulate with these emerging global debates. Having first established the important gains in animal welfare policy and the maturity of animal welfare science, we identify and explore the potential impact of these current debates and argue that they have the potential for profound change in our understanding of, and our response to, the welfare of animals. We conclude the paper with a number of possible recommendations for how a scientifically informed, sustainable animal welfare policy might flourish.

  • 2.
    Iannaccone, Marco
    et al.
    Univ Teramo, Fac Biosci & Technol Food Agr & Environm, Via R Balzarini 1, I-64100 Teramo, Italy.
    Elgendy, Ramy
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Neuro-Oncology. Univ Padua, Dept Comparat Biomed & Food Sci, Viale Univ 16, I-35020 Padua, Italy.
    Giantin, Mery
    Univ Padua, Dept Comparat Biomed & Food Sci, Viale Univ 16, I-35020 Padua, Italy.
    Martino, Camillo
    Univ Perugia, Dept Vet Med, Via S Costanzo 4, I-06126 Perugia, Italy.
    Giansante, Daniele
    Ist Zooprofilatt Sperimentale Abruzzo & Molise G, I-64100 Campo Boario, Teramo, Italy.
    Ianni, Andrea
    Univ Teramo, Fac Biosci & Technol Food Agr & Environm, Via R Balzarini 1, I-64100 Teramo, Italy.
    Dacasto, Mauro
    Univ Padua, Dept Comparat Biomed & Food Sci, Viale Univ 16, I-35020 Padua, Italy.
    Martino, Giuseppe
    Univ Teramo, Fac Biosci & Technol Food Agr & Environm, Via R Balzarini 1, I-64100 Teramo, Italy.
    RNA Sequencing-Based Whole-Transcriptome Analysis of Friesian Cattle Fed with Grape Pomace-Supplemented Diet2018In: Animals, ISSN 2076-2615, E-ISSN 2076-2615, Vol. 8, no 11, article id 188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Grape pomace (GPO), the main by-product of the wine making process, is a rich source of polyphenols with potent antioxidant properties. Recently, GPO has emerged as a potential feed additive in livestock nutrition, with several reports describing its beneficial effects on animals' overall health status or production traits. However, little is known about it from a molecular biology standpoint. In the present study, we report the first RNA sequencing-based whole-transcriptome profiling of Friesian calves fed with a GPO-supplemented diet. We identified 367 differentially expressed genes (p < 0.05) in the GPO-supplemented calves (n = 5), when compared with unsupplemented control group (n = 5). The pathway analysis showed that cholesterol lipid biosynthesis' was the most negatively-enriched (p < 0.001) pathway in the GPO-supplemented animals. In specific terms, five important genes coding for cholesterol biosynthesis enzymes, namely the Farnesyl-diphosphate Farnesyltransferase 1 (FDFT-1), Squalene Epoxidase (SQLE), NAD(P)-dependent Steroid Dehydrogenase-like (NSDHL), Methylsterol Monooxygenase (MSMO)-1, and Sterol-C5-desaturase (SC5D), two major transcription factors (the Sterol Regulatory Element-binding Transcription Factor 1 and 2), as well as the Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor (LDLR), were all downregulated following GPO supplementation. Such an effect was mirrored by a reduction of blood cholesterol levels (p = 0.07) and a lowered (p < 0.001) Malondialdehyde (lipid oxidation marker) level in carcasses. We provide evidence on the effects of GPO-supplemented diets on the whole-transcriptome signature in veal calves, which mainly reflects an antioxidant activity.

  • 3.
    Iannaccone, Marco
    et al.
    Univ Teramo, Fac Biosci & Technol Food Agr & Environm, Via R Balzarini 1, I-64100 Teramo, Italy.
    Ianni, Andrea
    G dAnnunzio Univ Chieti Pescara, Dept Med Oral & Biotechnol Sci, Via Vestini 31, I-66100 Chieti, Italy.
    Elgendy, Ramy
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Neuro-Oncology.
    Martino, Camillo
    Ist Zooprofilatt Sperimentale Abruzzo & Molise G, Via Campo Boario, I-64100 Teramo, Italy.
    Giantin, Mery
    Univ Padua, Dept Comparat Biomed & Food Sci, Viale Univ 16, I-35020 Legnaro, PD, Italy.
    Cerretani, Lorenzo
    Pizzoli SPA, Via Zenzalino Nord, I-400541 Budrio, BO, Italy.
    Dacasto, Mauro
    Univ Padua, Dept Comparat Biomed & Food Sci, Viale Univ 16, I-35020 Legnaro, PD, Italy.
    Martino, Giuseppe
    Univ Teramo, Fac Biosci & Technol Food Agr & Environm, Via R Balzarini 1, I-64100 Teramo, Italy.
    Iodine Supplemented Diet Positively Affect Immune Response and Dairy Product Quality in Fresian Cow2019In: Animals, ISSN 2076-2615, E-ISSN 2076-2615, Vol. 9, no 11, article id 866Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Simple Summary: Iodine represents an important micronutrient and plays a fundamental role in animal biology. This trace element is currently supplied to animal diet to investigate its potential effects on productive and reproductive performances. However, little is known about its role in the regulation of gene expression in ruminants. In this study, the dietary iodine supplementation in dairy cows showed effective modification of the expression of several molecular targets, with an improvement of the pathways involved in immune response and oxidative stress and undoubted positive repercussions on animal health. Abstract: The effects of iodine supplementation on the whole-transcriptome of dairy cow using RNA sequencing has been investigated in this study. Iodine did not influence the milk composition, while an improvement was observed in the immune response as well as in the quality of dairy product. Indeed, the iodine intake specifically influenced the expression of 525 genes and the pathway analysis demonstrated that the most affected among them were related to immune response and oxidative stress. As a consequence, we indirectly showed a better response to bacterial infection because of the reduction of somatic cell counts; furthermore, an improvement of dairy product quality was observed since lipid oxidation reduced in fresh cheese. Such findings, together with the higher milk iodine content, clearly demonstrated that iodine supplementation in dairy cow could represent a beneficial practice to preserve animal health and to improve the nutraceutical properties of milk and its derived products.

  • 4.
    Nordgren, Lena
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning i Sörmland (CKFD). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Photo-Elicited Conversations about Therapy Dogs as a Tool for Engagement and Communication in Dementia Care: A Case Study2019In: Animals, ISSN 2076-2615, E-ISSN 2076-2615, Vol. 9, no 10, article id 820Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding the inner life of people with dementia can be challenging and there is a need for new and different approaches. Previous research shows that people with dementia can experience emotions such as harmony, closeness, and joy as well as sadness and concern when interacting with a therapy dog. Simultaneously, memories of past episodes are brought back to life when the person interacts with the dog. This raises questions about whether photos of interaction with a dog can evoke memories or support people with dementia in communicating emotions in a corresponding way. The aim of this study was to explore photo-elicited conversations as a tool for engagement and communication in dementia care. Repeated video observations of photo-elicited conversations between a woman with dementia and a dog handler/assistant nurse were used to collect data. The video recordings were analyzed with a phenomenological hermeneutical method. The role of photo-elicited conversations as a tool for engagement and communication in dementia care is that the conversations can help the person with dementia to feel a sense of being situated and recall feelings of liveliness and belongingness, and thus supporting the person’s sense of self. The results can be used to deepen nursing staff’s understanding of using photo-elicited conversations in dementia care.

  • 5.
    Nordgren, Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. FOU Region Sörmland, Sweden.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Photo-elicited conversations about therapy dogs as a tool for engagement and communication in dementia care: a case study2019In: Animals, ISSN 2076-2615, E-ISSN 2076-2615, Vol. 9, article id 820Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding the inner life of people with dementia can be challenging and there is aneed for new and dierent approaches. Previous research shows that people with dementia canexperience emotions such as harmony, closeness, and joy as well as sadness and concern wheninteracting with a therapy dog. Simultaneously, memories of past episodes are brought back to lifewhen the person interacts with the dog. This raises questions about whether photos of interactionwith a dog can evoke memories or support people with dementia in communicating emotions in acorresponding way. The aim of this study was to explore photo-elicited conversations as a tool forengagement and communication in dementia care. Repeated video observations of photo-elicitedconversations between a woman with dementia and a dog handler/assistant nurse were used tocollect data. The video recordings were analyzed with a phenomenological hermeneutical method.The role of photo-elicited conversations as a tool for engagement and communication in dementiacare is that the conversations can help the person with dementia to feel a sense of being situatedand recall feelings of liveliness and belongingness, and thus supporting the person’s sense of self.The results can be used to deepen nursing sta’s understanding of using photo-elicited conversationsin dementia care.

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