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  • 1. Borradaile, Graham
    et al.
    Almqvist, Bjarne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Geophysics.
    Installation age of limestone masonry determined from its viscous remagnetization2006In: Geoarchaeology, ISSN 0883-6353, E-ISSN 1520-6548, Vol. 21, p. 29-60Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    De Vleeschouwer, Francois
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
    Renson, Virginie
    Claeys, Philippe
    Nys, Karin
    Bindler, Richard
    Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
    Quantitative WD-XRF calibration for small ceramic samples and their source material2011In: Geoarchaeology, ISSN 0883-6353, E-ISSN 1520-6548, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 440-450Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A wavelength-dispersive X-ray fluorescence (WD-XRF) calibration is developed for small powdered samples (300 mg) with the purpose of analyzing ceramic artifacts that might be available only in limited quantity. This is compared to a conventional calibration using a larger sample mass (2 g). The comparison of elemental intensities obtained in both calibrations shows that the decrease in analyzed sample mass results in a linear decrease in measured intensity for the analyzed elements. This indicates that the small-and large-sample calibrations are comparable. Moreover, the elemental contents of four ceramic sherds and two potential clay sources fall well within the range of the certified reference materials that are the basis of the calibration curves. The advantage with the analytical method presented here is that it is rapid and requires only a small amount of sample that can easily be re-used for further analyses. This method has great potential in ceramic provenance studies. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  • 3. Dorais, Michael
    et al.
    Lindblom, Michael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Shriner, Christina
    Evidence for a Single Clay/Temper Source for the Manufacture of Middle and Late Helladic Aeginetan Pottery from Asine, Greece2004In: Geoarchaeology, ISSN 0883-6353, E-ISSN 1520-6548, Vol. 19, no 7, p. 657-684Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In an effort to further characterize the Middle and Late Helladic pottery industry on Aegina, we have analyzed amphibole in 23 sherds imported to the coastal settlement of Asine. The sherds derive from vessels of different classes and shapes and range in age from MH I-II to LH IIIB-IIIC Early. All sherds come from vessels that carry manufacturing marks, and their amphiboles have compositions that are incompatible with those of Methana, Poros, and Melos. Twenty of the sherds have amphiboles that are identical in composition and overlap a narrow range of amphibole compositions found in specific lava flows on the northern portion of Aegina. Given that the dacites across Aegina contain amphiboles with a wide range in compositions, we suggest that the narrow range of amphibole compositions in the sherds indicates that they were derived from either a specific clay source on the island, located in a stream system southeast of the prehistoric settlement at Kolonna, or that the potters used a specific temper source along the same stream system. Multiple clay or temper sources would have produced sherds with a broader range of amphibole compositions reflecting the diversity of amphibole compositions found on Aegina. One sherd has amphibole compositions indicative of an additional Aeginetan component that is not found in the other sherds. Two sherds have amphiboles with compositions that do not match any known reference amphiboles for Aegina, Methana, Poros, or Melos. These may have been derived from still unsampled dacites on Aegina or have been manufactured from materials located outside the Saronic Gulf.

  • 4.
    Linderholm, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Archaeology and Sami Studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab.
    Soil chemical surveying: A path to a deeper understanding of prehistoric sites and societies in Sweden2007In: Geoarchaeology, ISSN 0883-6353, E-ISSN 1520-6548, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 417-438Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Linderholm, Johan
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Geladi, Paul
    Department of Forest Biomaterials and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
    Gorretta, Natalie
    UMR ITAP, IRSTEA, Centre de Montpellier, Montpellier, France.
    Bendoula, Ryad
    UMR ITAP, IRSTEA, Centre de Montpellier, Montpellier, France.
    Gobrecht, Alexia
    UMR ITAP, IRSTEA, Centre de Montpellier, Montpellier, France.
    Near infrared and hyperspectral studies of archaeological stratigraphy and statistical considerations2019In: Geoarchaeology, ISSN 0883-6353, E-ISSN 1520-6548, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 311-321Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper proposes a methodology based on near‐infrared (NIR) spectrometry for studying stratigraphy and depth profiles in archaeological excavations. The NIR spectra can be used to describe and complement the wet chemical analysis. Soil samples were collected from a 0.8 m deep stratigraphy of a Neolithic site that were analyzed by three different NIR instrumentations. Phosphate‐ and magnetic susceptibility and inductively‐coupled plasma mass spectrometry measurements were also conducted as reference analysis.

    Principal component analysis on the data from three different NIR instrumentations gave useful score plots that allowed grouping of the samples. The results from the lab spectrometer were most useful, although the hyperspectral NIR camera was the fastest method to obtain spectra of many samples from one image. The paper shows how the NIR spectral data can be used for multivariate analysis to get meaningful conclusions on archaeological soils and sediments, especially in terms of understanding site development/phases and soil formation.

  • 6.
    Toonen, Willem H. J.
    et al.
    Aberystwyth Univ, Dept Geog & Earth Sci, Aberystwyth, Dyfed, Wales.
    Graham, Angus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Pennington, Benjamin T.
    Univ Southampton, Dept Geog & Environm, Southampton, Hants, England.
    Hunter, Morag A.
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Earth Sci, Cambridge, England.
    Strutt, Kristian D.
    Univ Southampton, Dept Archaeol, Southampton, Hants, England.
    Barker, Dominic S.
    Univ Southampton, Dept Archaeol, Southampton, Hants, England.
    Masson-Berghoff, Aurelia
    British Museum, Dept Greece & Rome, London, England.
    Emery, Virginia L.
    Carthage Coll, Kenosha, WI USA.
    Holocene fluvial history of the Nile's west bank at ancient Thebes, Luxor, Egypt, and its relation with cultural dynamics and basin-wide hydroclimatic variability2018In: Geoarchaeology, ISSN 0883-6353, E-ISSN 1520-6548, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 273-290Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Theban area around modern Luxor (Egypt), the River Nile divides the temple complexes of Karnak and Luxor from New Kingdom royal cult temples on the western desert edge. Few sites have been archaeologically identified in the western flood plain, despite its presumed pivotal role in the ancient ritual landscape as the territory that both physically divided and symbolically connected the areas inhabited by the living and the areas occupied by the dead. Using borehole data and electrical resistivity tomography, the current investigation of subsurface deposits reveals the location of an abandoned channel of the Nile. This river course was positioned in the western, distal part of the Nile flood plain. Over 2100 ceramic fragments recovered from boreholes date the abandonment of the relatively minor river channel to the (late) New Kingdom. This minor river branch could have played an important role in the cultural landscape, as it would have served to connect important localities in the ritual landscape. Changes in the fluvial landscape match with established periods of basin-wide hydroclimatic variability. This links cultural and landscape changes observed on a regional scale to hydroclimatic dynamics in the larger Nile catchment, in one of the focal areas of Ancient Egyptian cultural development.

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