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  • 1.
    Agevall Gross, Lotta
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Kjellgren, Cecilia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Brottsoffer i indikatorland: Öppna jämförelser inom socialtjänstens brottsofferstödjande arbete2015In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 22, no 3-4, p. 341-358Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Crime victims in Indicatorland – Open comparisons in the social services’ work with victim support

    Since the 90s there have been extensive changes in the public sector, such as rationalization and increasing demands for documentation and review. The changes have also affected the social services’ victim support work that has increasingly been subject to various forms of regulation, such as requirements for monitoring, evaluation and quality assurance. This article aims to examine one of the monitoring systems applied in the victim support work: the instrument of open comparisons. This article is based on an exploratory study of the local organization of crime prevention in two municipalities and analyses how the processes of open comparisons are organized at local, regional and central levels. The empirical data consists of documents such as legal sources and handbooks from e.g. the National Board of Health and Welfare and the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions, as well as documents obtained locally in the two municipalities. Furthermore, interviews were conducted with professionals working on different organizational levels. 

    Analytically the study has been inspired by programme theory, which made it possible to concentrate on clarifying the operational idea in which open comparisons are based and capturing the consequences in the two cases. 

    The study shows that open comparisons have been implemented without support from existing research. However, strong normative support for open comparisons exists within governmental agencies and the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions. They are included as one of many elements of New Public Management and result in changes in the victim support work. In contrast to present visions, the performance is not affected to any significant extent. In contrast, a comprehensive administration is created, where employees of municipalities are supposed to collect data, register information and analyse the results generated by the open comparisons.

  • 2.
    Agevall Gross, Lotta
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kjellgren, Cecilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Brottsoffer i indikatorland: Öppna jämförelser inom socialtjänstens brottsofferstödjande arbete2015In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 22, no 3-4, p. 341-358Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Växjö universitet.
    Ekberg, Jan
    Växjö universitet.
    Fältexperiment för att studera etnisk diskriminering på den svenska arbets- och bostadsmarknaden2009In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 105-122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under senare år har fältexperiment använts för att studera etnisk diskriminering på den svenska arbets- och bostadsmarknaden. I nedanstående framställning ges en presentation av fältexperiment som metod och en översikt över den forskning som genomförts med hjälp av fältexperiment i Sverige. Dessutom görs en framåtblickande diskussion.

  • 4.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Ekberg, Jan
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Fältexperiment för att studera etnisk diskriminering på den svenska arbets- och bostadsmarknaden2009In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 105-122Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Alexius, Katarina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Prognoser i tvångsvårdsärenden om omsorgssvikt2013In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 20, no 3-4, p. 186-202Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study set out to analyze how background-context, prognoses and evidence-based facts are referred to in child welfare investigations and judgments concerning coercive care of neglected children. The texts of social investigations and court judgments in 16 cases concerning parents (30) and their children (29) in two counties in Sweden were analyzed by a hermeneutic case study. All cases concerns section 2 in The Care of Young Persons (Special Provisions) Act (1990:52), which states that coercive care shall be decided if, due to neglect or some other situations, there is a “palpable risk of detriment” to the child’s health or development. Theoretical framework of sociology of law and of normative legalism were used. The study shows that background-context, prognoses and evidence-based facts seldom are connected in the texts. Background-contexts quantitively dominates, while prognoses are vestigial and rarely enunciates as emanating from evidence-based facts. Instead of describing risk-assessments a plurality of the descriptions in the texts pictures the children as already harmed by neglect. The conclusion of the study is that the sociological conceptions of “a palpable risk” differ a great deal from the legal-theoretical interpretation of the concept.

  • 6.
    Alinia, Minoo
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ett hem i rörelse: diasporisk mobilisering i den svenska gemenskapens periferi2008In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 15, no 3-4, p. 332-349Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the article is to highlight the impact of discrimination and exclusion on identity and belonging among diaspora communities. It proceeds from the Kurdish diasporic experiences in Sweden and is based on individual interviews. The article discusses how and why respondents face exclusion and discrimination in their daily life, how they experience that, how they react, and why they react in a certain way. The analytical framework is the theory of diaspora which I define as transnational social movement for alternative home and community formations. This definition implies not only experiences of homelessness, loss and marginality but also collective action, and formation of collective identities around the projects of home and community. This transnational perspective goes beyond the discourses about assimilation or integration versus isolation. It rather argues that these identities, networks and communities must be seen as products of an ongoing transformation of society. They must be analysed in relation to stratification and distribution of power in a global perspective, and to globalization and the related processes of deterritorialization and reterritorialization rather than as an expression of imported immigrant cultures. These processes are going on within a context where, on the one hand, people with different colour and origin are excluded and, on the other hand, they get the possibility to build their own ethnic communities within the framework of Swedish multiculturalism. Respondents’ experiences of and relation to Sweden as well as to the Kurdish community are complex, contradictory, and multifaceted. They vary within the group according to many factors such as class, gender, occupation, social background, political and ideological convictions, and age. There is, however, a common general tendency, though very complex and ambivalent, regarding their relation to Swedish society and the Kurdish community. Since they feel that they are not welcomed into the Swedish society accordingly they don’t feel at home in Sweden. Thus they are drawn to the Kurdish community and its network of everyday life and activities where they are welcomed, and where they feel a sense of belonging. They find a home in the Kurdish community even if many people, especially women, continually challenge its boundaries.

  • 7.
    Amcoff, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Hur bra fungerar SAMS-områdena i studier av grannskapseffekter?: En studie av SAMS-områdenas homogenitet2012In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 93-115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How well do SAMS work in studies of neighbourhood effects?

    Abstract

    The subdivision of Sweden into small areas (SAMS) was launched in 1994 and is presented by Statistics Sweden as bringing about in homogenous residential areas. It has been widely used for research purposes ever since. One of the most common fields of research to use SAMS is research on neighborhood effects. The purpose of this study is to estimate how homogenous the SAMS-areas really are. Therefore, each and every SAMS-area has been classified according to its most common type of housing, where after their degree of homogeneity has been calculated as standardized entropy. On average, the areas do not turn out to appear as very homogenous. A reference subdivision is defined by setting out from each and every populated 100m-grid square and its neighboring squares. By comparing the SAMS-areas with this reference, it can be made clear that a heterogeneous realty might explain the low level of homogeneity of SAMS-areas in city-centres, whereas in outer parts of cities and outside them, the low homogeneity of the SAMS-areas is rather a consequence of an insufficient subdivision. This is also obvious from overlaying the SAMS-borders onto satellite images. However, there are huge regional variations which can be explained by the construction of the subdivision. The results of this study points at a need and possibilities to construct a new nationwide subdivision of Sweden into small homogenous areas. Conclusions based on the SAMS-subdivision concerning issues such as neighborhood effects need to be drawn with caution.

  • 8.
    Arvidsson, Jessica
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Nyman, Carin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Widén, Stephen
    Örebro universitet, Örebro, Sverige.
    Tideman, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Sysselsättning för unga med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning – betydelsen av föräldrars utbildningsnivå och geografiska härkomstIn: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Arvidsson, Jessica
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Staland Nyman, Carin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Widén, Stephen
    Örebro universitet, Örebro, Sverige.
    Tideman, Magnus
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group.
    Efter(sär)gymnasial sysselsättning för unga vuxna med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning - betydelsen av föräldrars utbildningsnivå och födelseland.2016In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Berg, Elisabeth
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
    Förändringar och nya riktningar inom human service2010In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 17, no 3-4, p. 226-232Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Om medikaliseringen av svensk missbrukarvård2012In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 19, no 3-4, p. 232-242Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste 10 åren har propåerna om en radikal omorganisering av svensk missbrukarvård vuxit sig allt starkare. Den allmänna inriktningen hos dessa påtryckningar har utgjorts av en medikalisererande argumentation beträffande den vetenskapliga kunskapen om missbruk och behandling: I denna artikel granskas några av medikaliseringsdiskursens mest centrala argument.

  • 12.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Divergent perspectives on the Dodo bird? A comment to Mullen, Shuluk and Soydan2012In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 54-55Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Socialstyrelsen, dronten och den evidensbaseradepraktiken2011In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, no 3, p. 244-251Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Svaga argument gentemot Drontens dom - Ett svar till Knut Sundell2012In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 49-51Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Bergmark, Åke
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Stranz, Hugo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Från lokal förankring till regional samverkan? FoU-miljöer i socialtjänstens individ- och familjeomsorg2015In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 133-151Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    R&D units in Swedish social services: From local integration to regional collaboration.

    For a period of over thirty years, the emergence of R&D units serving locally based Swedish social services has been considered an important ingredient in the evolvement of more professional and knowledge-based social services. It has also been regarded as a vital component for increasing practice orientation in social work research, both inside and outside the universities. In this article we describe and analyse the development of these units, with respect to their pro-liferation, organizational features and how they are valued by representatives of local social servi-ces. Our data show that almost every municipality in Sweden is, in one way or another, served by an R&D unit. These units, however, display a considerable variation with respect to basic resour-ces, activity and organizational framework. Data enabled the identification of four basic catego-ries that, more or less, represent different phases in the evolvement of R&D activities. At one end, representing the early stages, there are units integrated with and exclusively serving single municipalities. At the other end there are R&D units organized within regional associa-tions, serving multiple municipalities and in general established in recent years. In between, there are two categories of R&D units formed in direct collaboration between a limited number of municipalities – one category formally connected to academia, another with less systematic con-tacts with university-based research. In general, development over time has resulted in a dilution of resources and an increasing distance between practice and R&D activities. Originally, the units were established by the initiatives of the municipalities and expected to respond to research needs emanating from practice. The regional associations have to a considerable extent been initiated and funded by earmarked state grants with the intention to implement evidence-based practice.

  • 16.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bokrecension | Hartman, Laura (red.) (2011). Konkurrensens konsekvenser: vad händer med svensk välfärd?. 1. uppl. Stockholm: SNS förlag2012In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 136-140Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Billinger, Kajsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    60 till 70-åringars tal om den egna alkoholkonsumtionen2012In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 19, no 3-4, p. 170-185Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Björk, Alexander
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Mot en situerad standardisering inom socialtjänsten2017In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 24, no 3-4, p. 303-313Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The past two decades have witnessed an increased demand for standardized documentation within the social services field. This have resulted in the proliferation, translation and attempt to use various kinds of standardized instruments to document clients’ needs and outcomes of interventions. Reviewing the social work literature on standardized instruments and providing empirical examples, this article identifies a widespread unsystematic use in everyday practice. This seriously undermines the ability to use gathered information to make reliable quantitative analyses of clients’ outcomes. Based on the concept of ‘situated standardization’ the article argues for a new direction in the attempts to standardize documentation within the social services. Rather than developing standardized instruments outside the social services context, as in current efforts, situated standardization points to the need to develop instruments from within this context. This would arguably produce instruments better suited for the preconditions of social services’ work, and therefore easier to use systematically. Thus, rather than a ‘light’ standardization, this can be described as a different kind of standardization situated in the actual work of the social services. An important implication is that standardized instruments need to be developed together with a close empirical examination of the setting in which it is supposed to be used.

  • 19. Björkman, Jenny
    Frihet under ansvar: En jämförelse av anmälningsplikten för veneriskt sjuka och tuberkulösa, 1900–19202001In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 8, no 1-2, p. 40-53Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Blomberg, Barbro
    et al.
    Institutionen för socialt arbete, Linnéuniversitetet.
    Widerlund, Lena
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Care.
    Lindqvist, Ann-Marie
    Helsingfors Universitet.
    Stöd och service till personer med utvecklingsstörning: en studie om förändringar i Sverige och Finland mellan åren 1990 och 20102010In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 17, no 3-4, p. 289-307Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Blomberg, Helena
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Stier, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Att vara kommunikativt låst: Professionellas berättande om (vanskliga) vårdrelationer2016In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 59-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the article is to shed light on the social dynamic that characterizes communicative breakdowns. As a first stage, this has been explored through individual and group interviews with 34 healthcare professionals about situations where they claim there has been a communication breakdown. Based on the professionals’ testimonies, the research question was: how do professionals illustrate their experiences of communicative breakdowns? In terms of theory, the study draws upon an integrated approach to language and social interaction dynamics – for example how actors mediate positions and roles, but also present, negotiate and determine the course of action in patient cases. Findings show: (1) different degrees of severity in communicative breakdowns, and (2) that the professionals have developed and use both explicit and implicit strategies to handle ”delicate relationships” in this kind of interactions.

  • 22.
    Blomqvist, Jan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
    Wallander, Lisa
    Vad är problemet? Uppfattningar om alkoholens skadeverkningar2017In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 149-164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I det följande visar vi att uppfattningarna om och definitionerna av alkoholvanor, som setts och ses som olämpliga eller avvikande, i själva verket är både motsägelsefulla och sinsemellan motstridiga, och att de har skiftat över tid och med sammanhang. Artikeln analyserar denna brist på samsyn och diskuterar vilka implikationer den kan tänkas ha för framtida forskning, praktik och policyöverväganden på området. Analysen är i huvudsak empirisk och deskriptiv, och vi har för enkelhetens skull avstått från att tillämpa exempelvis Benoits (2003) respektive Bacchis (2009) förvisso intressanta resonemang kring de berörda frågorna.

  • 23.
    Borell, Klas
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Muslimska församlingar i lokalsamhället: Samverkan eller isolering?2011In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 42-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to examine the extent to which Muslim congregations in Sweden cooperate with organizations in the public and voluntary sectors and to identify the internal and external organizational factors that favour or disfavour such cooperation. The study is based on a nationwide survey of local Muslim congregations (n = 105), and is the first survey of its kind in Europe. Like many other  voluntary organizations, Muslim congregations work in cooperation with other voluntary organizations, but also with various institutions run by the local authorities. In Sweden, cooperation between different organizations is strongly encouraged, which results in a system that provides the congregations with opportunity structures. Other factors that influence the degree of cooperation include whether the congregation feels support or opposition from the surrounding community and the local demographic and socio-economic situation: there is a higher degree of cooperation in small municipalities with many social problems. Ethnic heterogeneity is one of the major organizational factors that affect the degree of cooperation. congregations that have an open attitude towards different Muslim traditions, which essential for a multiethnic congregation, are also those most interested in cooperation with other organizations and institutions. Irrespective of whether they belong to a national umbrella organization or not, Muslim congregations in Sweden are in priciple independent local organizations. It is therefore difficult for Islam in Sweden to operate on a national level, in the way that other more established voluntary organizations do. On the other hand, this study shows that while they lack a united voice on the national arena, they have the advantage of flexibility arising from their local autonomy.

  • 24.
    Borell, Klas
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbetet, Östersund.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Sällström, Anna
    Nordlander, Johanna
    Lundkvist, Elisabeth
    Muslimska församlingar i lokalsamhället: Samverkan eller isolering?2011In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, no 1, p. 63-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Muslimska församlingars riksomfattande etablering i Sverige är en viktig förändring inom den ideella sektorn. Men hur förhåller sig församlingarna till den svenska traditionen av samverkan mellan ideella och offentliga aktörer? I artikeln studeras hur och i vilken omfattning muslimska församlingar samverkar med offentliga aktörer och vilka organisationsinterna och organisationsexterna faktorer som gynnar respektive missgynnar samverkan.

  • 25. Bulow, Pia
    et al.
    Persson-Thunqvist, Daniel
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division Ageing and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sätta ord på föräldrars psykiska problem för barnens skull: Familjestöd som professionell praktik2019In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 43-64Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Bülow, Pia H.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Thunqvist Persson, Daniel
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Linköpings universitet.
    Sätta ord på föräldrars psykiska problem för barnens skull: Familjestöd som professionell praktik2019In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 43-64Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Calleman, Catharina
    Juridiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, Umeå, Sverige.
    En motsättning mellan två principer om likabehandling?: om rätten att välja personlig assistent.2008In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, no 3-4, p. 295-314Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    De funktionshindrades rätt till självbestämmande när de väljer personlig assistent kan riskera att komma i konflikt med assistenternas rätt att inte bli diskriminerade. Problematiken kan tänkas få ökande betydelse med ett ökat anlitande av personliga assistenter och särskilt med en ökad internationalisering av marknaden för vård och omsorg.

  • 28.
    Carlhed, Carina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Fält, habitus och kapital som kompletterande redskap i professionsforskning2011In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, no 4, p. 283-300Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to explore how Bourdieu’s perspective can contribute to the field of research on professions. A comparison was made between Bourdieu’s perspective and Andrew Abbott’s work The System of Professions, which was chosen as a reference and a representation of sociology of professions. A specific issue was to be answered: what in particular can Bourdieu’s perspective contribute with and how could it complement theory of professions. In sum, between Abbott and Bourdieu there are interesting parallels; the conflict perspectives, relational thinking, emphasis on empirical research starting with rather “loose” definitions, concepts as frameworks which needs to be filled empirically in order to reach full potential and meaning, knowledge as a legitimizing resource and split between practical knowledge and academic knowledge, cultural and (legal) legitimacy of authority, image making and ideology production and an inclination to emphasize structural agency. The comparison also revealed some differences in their focus on; the significance of socioeconomic stratification and reproduction, boundaries and core areas; symbolic and cultural assumptions on social practice, agents in formation of a field vs. a system, and finally on the detail contributions on professional activity on tasks. Bourdieu’s particular contribution lies mainly on the mechanisms of socialization and reproduction to the fields and decomposition of the concepts of class and professions, which means a broader and more profound understanding on relations of dominance and their social and cultural rudiments.

  • 29.
    Carlson, Per
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Social Work.
    Nya böcker: Edling, Christofer & Rostami, Amir (red.) (2016) Våldets sociala dimensioner: individ, relation, organisation. 1. uppl.Lund: Studentlitteratur2018In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 87-89Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Dahlberg, Mikael
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Anderberg, Mats
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Strukturerade intervjuer som underlag för utvärdering och forskning – några metodologiska aspekter2008In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, no 2, p. 97-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim of the article is to describe and discuss how the interview method »DOK« can constitute a foundation for evaluating to what extent clients in a unit for treatment

    of substance abuse have their needs met during the treatment period.

    The study is based on a case where the data was collected via structured interviews in connection with the beginning and end of treatment. In total 41 clients were interviewed by the DOK interview method.

    The case study shows that the data contributes to identifying changes during the treatment period within many different

    areas of life. This gives a more comprehensive and balanced picture of the clients’ changes on both an individual and a group

    level. The latter gives insight into the treatment delivered, both in life areas where the clients’ needs were met, and in areas where their required support was not received, thus creating a foundation for quality and method development. Evidence-based

    practice, and research trying to identify effective treatment methods, requires basic and continual documentation about the clients, and the interventions in the substance abuse care. The study can serve as an example of how structured interviews can constitute a foundation for an evaluation per treatment unit.

  • 31.
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Tvärvetenskapens förutsättningar och dynamik: exemplet handikappforskning2001In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, no 4, p. 288-305Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Recension av ”Utredning inleds. Språk, genredrag och ansvar i barnavårdsutredningar2017In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 24, no 3-4, p. 329-332Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Denvall, Verner
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Johansson, Kerstin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Kejsarens nya kläder: implementering av evidensbaserad praktik i socialt arbete2012In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, no 1, p. 26-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Stat och kommun träffade 2010 en grundöverenskommelseom att införa en evidensbaserad praktik inom socialtjänsten.Sedan dess har överenskommelsen preciserats, enprocess som analyseras i denna artikel. Som vi kommer attvisa återstår betydande oklarheter som det sociala arbetetsaktörer behöver klargöra via förhandlingar. Detta är ettnumera vanligt sätt att söka implementera politik och vidiskuterar konsekvenserna av en sådan ambition.

  • 34.
    Denvall, Werner
    et al.
    Institutionen för socialt arbete, Linnéuniversitetet.
    Johansson, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kejsarens nya kläder : implementering av evidensbaserad praktik i socialt arbete2012In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 26-45Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Duvander, Ann-Zofie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Mussino, Eleonora
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Föräldraledig nu eller senare? Invandrade kvinnors användning av föräldrapenning2016In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 23, no 3-4, p. 259-282Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Parental leave now or later? Immigrant women’s use of parental leave benefit

    Sweden is a welfare state with a family policy that strongly emphasizes equality without distinction according to place of birth or gender. In this study, we investigate the di erences in uptake of parental leave between native and immigrant women, and the connection to labour-market attachment. Sweden represents a unique case study, not only because of the strong e ort to combine work and family for all women and men, the high level of fertility and the large presence of immigrants in the country; it also enables a detailed and sophisticated analysis based on the high-quality data derived from its population registers. We nd that immigrant mothers use more parental leave bene t the rst year after their child’s birth, but then fewer in the second year compared to native women. e di erences diminish when labour-market status is controlled for. Additionally, after some time in Sweden, immigrant mothers use leave more similarly to how native mothers do. We conclude that labour-market status is the most decisive factor for parental leave use and we point out the relationship between labour market and family policy. 

  • 36.
    Edenroth Cato, Fanny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Kompetenta flickor med förmågor: Biopolitisk styrning i barnböcker om funktionsvariationerIn: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Edling, Nils
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Varifrån kommer välfärdsstaten?: Om ett modernt nyckelbegrepps långa historia2018In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 115-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Where does the welfare state come from? On the long history of a modern key conceptThisarticle charts the history of the term the welfare state in Germany and the United States, the two countries where it was formed. It starts from the premise that political key concepts, such as the welfare state, have multiple meanings and are open to contestation. This means that the objective is to study the different and changing usages and meanings of the term from the 1860s to the 1940s.In the oldest of the four usages, der Wohlfahrtsstaat referred to pre-1789 authoritarian regimes where the welfare of the people constituted the objective and rationale of the state. Gradually during the latter half of the nineteenth century, an alternative understanding emerged in Germany where the culture and welfare state connoted a responsible state, which regulated the modernizing economy. In the early twentieth century, many texts mentioned this new Kultur- und Wohlfahrtsstaat as a fitting label for contemporary Germany. At the same time, this new regulating welfare state became a topic in the United States as well.In the Weimar Republic 1919–33, the idea of the social welfare state was highly contested from the start. This understanding centred on social policy, on the state as the driving force in social reform. Fourthly, the democratic welfare state, a state that catered for the common good and respected civil liberties, was contrasted to authoritarian power states. These four usages should not be seen as separate stages in an orderly historical sequence of conceptual development, but as co-existing layers of meaning that could be mixed in multiple and changing ways. Depending on ideological and political point of view, the modern welfare state, which emerged after 1945, could incorporate one or several of the historical layers (the authoritarian-paternalistic, the regulating, the social and the democratic welfare state). This new idea of the welfare state was a product of the Depression and the War with expanding state activity and ideological mobilization. The United States’ acquired position as global military and moral superpower constituted one prerequisite. The welfare state was in this sense part of the democratic restart after 1945. Two considerations were important for this conception: the state’s responsibility for promoting economic growth and combating unemployment and the emergence of human rights that include social security.

  • 38.
    Ek, Hans
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Isaksson, Joakim
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Eriksson, Rikard
    Høgskolen i Østfold, Avdeling for helse- og sosialfag.
    Professioner, makt och samverkan mellan myndigheter: socialtjänstens, skolans och BUP:s arbete med ungdomar som inte går till skolan2017In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 59-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    School non-attendence is often a sign of a complex combination of different kinds of problems, which means that these children and young people are often in need of composite help from several different types of professions within various authorities. The purpose of the study was to examine how school authorities, the Social Services and Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (BUP) collaborate in their work with young people who do not go to school. The study comprised a thematic analysis of qualitative interviews with managerial representatives of the respective authorities. The empirical material consisted of 12 qualitative interviews with heads of units at BUP (5 individuals), section managers from Social Services (3 individuals) and principals from compulsory schools (4 individuals) in three municipalities in western Sweden. According to the results, it seems problematic to manage the positions of power that may arise in collaboration between the parties. A position of power thus implies the right to make a desicion as a profession as well as activities that are related to each other. The right to make a desicion means the mandate to determine which measures should be put in place for the young people and their families. This study also shows that the parties should develop a common knowledge base that is a combination of educational, social and psychiatric perspectives. The common knowledge base can reduce the risk of power imbalance between the parties.

  • 39.
    Ekström, Veronica
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences, The Institute for Research on Conditions, Organisation and Outcomes of Social Work.
    Gränsytor under förhandling: – om socialtjänstens ansvar för stöd till kvinnor som utsatts för våld i nära relationer2018In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, no 3-4, p. 269-286Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines social workers’ perceptions of the social services’ mission and task as regards support for women who are subjected to violence in close relationships and where the social services are considered to be limited. The study is qualitative and based on interviews with 16 social workers in eleven municipalities. The interviews have been analysed with conventional content analysis. The analysis shows that the task or obligation of the social services can be formulated in two different ways: to offer support to women exposed or previously exposed to violence in close relationships, or to offer support to women who have left or intend to leave a relationship where they have been subjected to violence. In the analysis of social workers’ descriptions of support they offer, as well as the boundaries for what is beyond the social services’ responsibility, three levels can be identified. The first level, consisting of financial support, placements at women’s shelters and a social worker to talk to, forms a sort of core for the work in the social services, which most, albeit to varying degrees, offer. The second level describes forms of enhanced support, and the third level describes such support which only a few state that they work with or where responsibility issues are more diffuse.

  • 40.
    Enell, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Banor i samhällsvården: en tvåårig studie om unga som utretts på SiS-institution2014In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 48-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Unga kan placeras på Statens institutionsstyrelses (SiS)institutioner för att utredas tvärprofessionellt. Utredningarnaleder fram till förslag på fortsatt vård som socialtjänstentar ställning till och beslutar om. I artikeln analyserasen sekvens av utredda ungas banor i samhällsvården.

  • 41.
    Enell, Sofia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Banor i samhällsvården: en tvåårig studie om unga som utretts på SiS-institution2014In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 48-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Unga kan placeras på Statens institutionsstyrelses (SiS) institutioner för att utredas tvärprofessionellt. Utredningarna leder fram till förslag på fortsatt vård som socialtjänsten tar ställning till och beslutar om. I artikeln analyseras en sekvens av utredda ungas banor i samhällsvården.

  • 42.
    Engwall, Kristina
    et al.
    Institutet för Framtidsstudier.
    Peterson, Helen
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Är det privata politiskt?: Barnfri i ett barnvänligt samhälle2011In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 126-143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

      Childfree in a “child-friendly” society     “Children are the future!” In Sweden there is a political ambition to make it possible for men and women to reconcile work with parenthood. As in many other countries, there is also a pronatalistic discourse where children are seen as an important contribution to the future nation. How do child-free women and men experience living in a “child-friendly” society? If children are perceived as a contribution to society, what do childfree people offer society? Do the childfree experience a dichotomy between childfree people and parents?     The article draws on interviews with 30 childfree women and six childfree men. It discusses three issues: the labour market, the Swedish redistributive tax system and how childfree argue about their contribution to society.     Childfree women and men accept that parents have problems reconciling work with parenthood, but sometimes get irritated that their time is less valued than parents’. They argue in favour of a “childfriendly” society, but are more hesitant about a “parent friendly” labour market. Likewise, the interviewed Swedish child-free men and women accept the tax system whereby they support children and their families.     The interviewees reject the idea that having biological children is the only way to be useful to society and give other examples such as voluntary work, helping out other children and paying taxes. Some of them have also noticed how the pronatalistic discourse, often on the Internet, is underpinned by racist arguments.     Compared to the USA, there are very few Swedish childfree communities on the Internet. The harsher arguments of the pros and cons of parenthood are instead written as comments on Internet articles. A more open discussion between parents and childfree women and men might open up for more political standpoints concerning childfreeness.

  • 43.
    Eriksson, Erik
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies – CKS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Brukarinflytandets politiska innebörder: Konsensusorientering, individcentrering och avpolitisering i den nationella policydiskursen2018In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 91-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan åtminstone 25 år tillbaka finns politiska förväntningar på att den offentliga välfärdsadministrationenska medge brukarinflytande i sina verksamheter.1 För att få enbild av vad lokala människobehandlande organisationer har att förhålla sig till i dettaarbete riktar artikeln sökarljuset mot nationell policy och undersöker hur fenomenetbrukarinflytande framställs i offentliga utredningar, rapporter och styrdokumentproducerade på nationell central nivå. Syftet är att granska den offentliga nationellapolicyn kring brukarinflytande, för att därigenom synliggöra den styrning de nationellapolicyaktörerna ägnar sig åt (jfr Bacchi, 2009). Arbetet är en diskursanalytiskdokumentstudie och den övergripande fråga som väglett undersökningen är: Hurkonstrueras fenomenet brukarinflytande i svensk nationell välfärdspolicy?

  • 44.
    Eriksson, Lena
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Sager, Morten
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Staland-Nyman, Carin
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), The Wigforss Group. Sahlgrenska akademin vid Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Hensing, Gunnel
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Expertis, sjukskrivning och mötet mellan normal och post-normal vetenskap2014In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 160-174Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Näsman, Elisabet
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Familjerättsutredares bemötanden av barn som upplevt våld och barnens strategier2009In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, no 1, p. 20-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the early 1990s a chain of law reforms have intended to increase children’s participation in family law proceedings. Based upon a study of vulnerable children as social actors in family law proceedings this article explores family law investigators’ approaches to children, and children’s strategies in encounters with investigators as well as the investigation process at large. The discussion is based upon thematically structured interviews with children whose father has been violent to their mother. The different kinds of investigator approaches that can be reconstructed from the children’s narratives span from an emphatic and child-oriented approach to a distant, adult-oriented one disqualifying the child as participant in the process and as victim of violence. Children’s strategies span from accepting cooperation in the process, unwilling cooperation, open protest to attempts to achieve a higher degree of participation in the process. Most commonly, children have been approached as ‘protected child’ or as ‘disqualified adult’. The informants’ descriptions of themselves as unwilling, unavailable, or openly protesting, tend to coincide with the latter position: to get neither influence over the investigation process nor care and empathy seems to be the most problematic position from children’s point of view. As regards children’s experiences of violence these have rarely been a topic for dialogue between child and investigator. The children have mainly been approached as ‘protected victims’, ‘invisible victims’ or even ‘unprotected victims’ when the children’s own vicitimisation has become visible to investigators but the children are left without protection. Drawing upon this sample of informants, we suggest that the most challenging task for family law investigators seems to be to make children’s vulnerable position visible and at the same time offer them a high degree of participation: to approach them as victims and actors

  • 46.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Näsman, Elisabet
    Uppsala universitet.
    Utsatta barn i familjerättsprocesser: utredares bemötande och barns strategier2009In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, no 1, p. 20-37Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan början av 1990-talet har en rad förändringar i lagstiftning genomförts för att stärka barns rätt att komma till tals i familjerättsliga tvister. Hur tillämpas lagstiftarens krav på delaktighet för barn i fall där barnen har en utsatt situation, som när pappa utövat vål mot mamma?

  • 47.
    Erlandsson, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Gammal" eller "funktionshindrad"? Välfärdspolitisk gränsdragning och konstruktioner av grupper2014In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, no 3-4, p. 266-284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Trots den välfärdsstatliga betoningen på jämlikhet och rättvisa villkoras vuxna personers tillgång till omsorgsin-satser av ålder. Denna artikel diskuterar hur det kommer sig att detta sällan diskuteras i termer av likvärdig behandling genom att analysera hur äldre personer och personer med funktionsnedsättning konstrueras som icke-jämförbara grupper i nationell politik.

  • 48.
    Fernqvist, Stina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Näsman, Elisabet
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Välfärdsstatens logik?: Erfarenheter från föräldrar med kognitiva och ekonmiska svårigheter2016In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Forssell, Emilia
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Högskola, Stockholm.
    Torres, Sandra
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Olaison, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Anhörigomsorg mot betalning: Biståndshandläggare om sent-i-livet-invandares önskemål2014In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 114-137Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Forssell, Emilia
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Högskola, Stockholm.
    Torres, Sandra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Olaison, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Socialt arbete.
    Anhörigomsorg mot betalning: Biståndshandläggare om sent-i-livet-invandares önskemål2014In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 114-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln diskuterar den ökande internationella migrationens utmaningar för äldreinriktat socialt arbete. Konkret undersöks erfarenheter hos äldreomsorgens biståndshandläggare gällande att möta sent-i-livet-invandrare som önskar anhörigomsorg med betalning genom anhöriganställning eller kontantbidrag. Biståndshandläggarna erfar situationer där de i rollen som myndighetsutövare upplever sig sakna såväl kunskap som resurser att hantera sådana önskemål.

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