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  • 1.
    Forsberg, Lena
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Tebelius, Ulla
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för hälsa och välfärd, Centrum för forskning om välfärd, hälsa och idrott (CVHI).
    The riding school as a site for gender identity construction among Swedish teenage girls2011Inngår i: World Leisure Journal, ISSN 0441-9057, E-ISSN 1607-8055, Vol. 53, nr 1, s. 42-56Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on observations and interviews with six teenage girls (age 14–16) currently highly active in a Swedish riding school. Riding is one of the most popular sporting activities among girls in Sweden and riding schools receive financial support from the government to make riding available to everyone. The aim of this paper is to explore how teenage girls construct their gender identity at the stable through the handling of horses and related work in their leisure time. Theoretically, we employ Butler’s (1999) theory of identity, based on social constructivism. The relationships with the horses, the hard work, the unexpected challenges, as well as the friendships among the girls, were found to be essential elements of the stable experience. At the stable, the girls learned to take action, handle risks and take the lead. This created an alternative way of enacting themselves as young females, resulting in an identity based on being independent, competent and powerful. As such, the riding school represents a developmental space where teenage girls can prepare themselves for their future, independent, lives. © 2011 World Leisure Organization.

  • 2.
    Forsberg, Lena
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
    Tebelius, Ulla
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    The riding school as a site for gender identity construction among Swedish teenage girls2011Inngår i: World Leisure Journal, ISSN 0441-9057, E-ISSN 1607-8055, Vol. 53, nr 1, s. 42-56Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on observations and interviews with six teenage girls (age 14–16) currently highly active in a Swedish riding school. Riding is one of the most popular sporting activities among girls in Sweden and riding schools receive financial support from the government to make riding available to everyone. The aim of this paper is to explore how teenage girls construct their gender identity at the stable through the handling of horses and related work in their leisure time. Theoretically, we employ Butler's (1999) theory of identity, based on social constructivism. The relationships with the horses, the hard work, the unexpected challenges, as well as the friendships among the girls, were found to be essential elements of the stable experience. At the stable, the girls learned to take action, handle risks and take the lead. This created an alternative way of enacting themselves as young females, resulting in an identity based on being independent, competent and powerful. As such, the riding school represents a developmental space where teenage girls can prepare themselves for their future, independent, lives.

  • 3.
    Haglund, Björn
    et al.
    Gothenburg University, Department of Education, Unit for Individual, Culture and Society.
    Anderson, Stephen
    Barry University, Mount Berry, Georgia, USA.
    Afterschool Programs and Leisure-Time Centres: Arenas for Learning and Leisure2009Inngår i: World Leisure Journal, ISSN 0441-9057, E-ISSN 1607-8055, Vol. 51, nr 2, s. 116-129Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Afterschool programs in the United States and leisure-time centres in Sweden could emphasize children’s leisure as well as be of importance to children’s learning. However, in both cases, the association to leisure is mostly ignored and the acceptance is not widely practiced. Instead, other discourses that partly are more related to the field of education serve as a guide for programming in afterschool programs and leisure-time centres. The authors present the argument that afterschool programs and leisure-time centres could be more associated with leisure activities and presented in a new way with the guidance from the field of leisure that also could be beneficial for educational research. Existing definitions of leisure, and their possible consequences for the activities, are discussed in terms of the framework of afterschool programs and leisure-time centres. The authors argue that knowledge grounded in understanding the importance of leisure and its potential to develop and satisfy people could be a means to develop both the activities and the current work of the staff in afterschool programs and leisure-time centres.

  • 4.
    Hellman, Annika
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Odenbring, Ylva
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg.
    Playful space invaders: skateboarding intersections and global flows: Lekfulla inkräktare: Intersektioner i skateboard och globala flöden2020Inngår i: World Leisure Journal, ISSN 0441-9057, E-ISSN 1607-8055, Vol. 62, nr 1, s. 35-51Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The current article links masculine leisure with bodily performances and playfulness connected to global neoliberal expressions of gender, class and ethnicity. This study draws from an analysis of a skateboard video of young white middle-class men skateboarding in an urban environment in one of Sweden’s greater metropolitan areas. An interview with the young man who created the video was also conducted. The analysis brings together lines of inquiry that concern young males’ playful use of urban space with the articulation of the visual culture of skateboarding as a homosocial, mainly white middle-class practice where bravery and risk-taking are essential articulations. We argue that the skateboarders articulate masculine subjectivity by a complex amalgam of playfulness, risk-taking, colonization of space and the visual style involved in their skateboarding. The construction and presentation of self in the skateboard video are integrated with the quest for individual identity, self-realization and meaning making that pertain to a global entrepreneurial mindset in which mainly white middle-class men are privileged.

  • 5.
    Lindström, Lisbeth
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för konst, kommunikation och lärande, Pedagogik språk och Ämnesdidaktik.
    Leisure and tourism in Sweden: a challenge for all actors2009Inngår i: World Leisure Journal, ISSN 0441-9057, E-ISSN 1607-8055, Vol. 51, nr 4, s. 252-260Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes and analyses decisions and goals of Swedish government policy with respect to leisure and free time from 1962 to 2005. This paper clarifies the areas and needs that have been considered important priorities, which principles for the organisation of the leisure field the authorities have followed, and the actors who have been made responsible. The method used is an analysis of papers issued by the government relating to sports, culture, exercise, tourism, and also health care. This paper highlights still ongoing changes that have been occurring in the Swedish leisure sector since the 1960s. Based on current trends, it is likely that there will be less traditional political influence over the leisure and tourism sector in the future. A political aim for Sweden in the future is that it should be a highly attractive tourist destination. It is argued that to achieve this aim it will be necessary to aggregate official resources with those of different levels of government, and with the capabilities of the commercial and voluntary sectors.

  • 6.
    Nilsén, Åke
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle (HOS), Centrum för samhällsanalys (CESAM), Samhällsförändring, lärande och sociala relationer (SLSR), Deltagandets sociala organisering (DSO).
    Scuba Diving and the "Right Attitude"2009Inngår i: World Leisure Journal, ISSN 0441-9057, E-ISSN 1607-8055, Vol. 51, nr 3, s. 167-175Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on ethnographic fieldwork on scuba diving, this article explores the social homogeneity characterizing this specific leisure activity regarding questions on how deviance is treated within a group and on what grounds. The consequences of the dangerous context in which the activity is performed on the dyad (one is always diving with a “Buddy”) is analysed with the help of Georg Simmel (1950) and Erving Goffman (1967). The loyalty of the diving companion (the buddy) towards the “right attitude” which governs the activity may be turned against the scuba diver who does not adapt. The buddy is transformed from a friend into an opponent, who, by spreading anecdotes or rumours, questions the character of the scuba diver, which eventually may exclude him or her from the activity. The article also discusses how the “right attitude” in scuba diving is related to the so-called predominant masculine identity (Connell 1995) in a Swedish context.

  • 7.
    Westberg Broström, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Learning to lead: the transition from youth to adult within the Swedish scout movement2016Inngår i: World Leisure Journal, ISSN 0441-9057, E-ISSN 1607-8055, Vol. 58, nr 1, s. 12-27Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present article is to explore how members transit from participants to leaders within Swedish scouting. It is a contribution to the ongoing discussion about the continued involvement of older participants within youth cultures [Bennett, A. (2006). Punk's not dead: The continuing significance of punk rock for and older generations of fans. Sociology40, 219–235; Bennett, A., & Hodkinson, P. (2012). Ageing and youth cultures: Music, style and identity. London: Berg; Davis, J. R. (2006). Growing up punk: Negotiating aging identity in a local music scene. Symbolic interaction29(1), 63–69; Hodkinson, P. (2011). Ageing in a spectacular “youth culture”: Continuity, change and community amongst older goths. The British Journal of Sociology62(2), 262–282], through investigating a different case; that of a youth organization. Both educators, who take charge, as well as participants taking part in scout leadership courses, have been interviewed. The present study demonstrates there is an end to childhood and youth within scouting. In order to stay involved, the participant has to become a leader. Paradoxically, though, no significant difference between being a scout and a leader is however experienced. The only difference is that the member has to be more responsible as a scout leader. None of the informants, however, mention responsibility as their main motive for continued participation. Rather, the main motive for volunteering as leaders seems to be the prospect of remaining scouts. Through becoming a leader, the scout is able to stay a scout and concomitantly; to stay youthful.

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