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  • 1.
    Al Weswasi, Enes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Spending blood for oil in Nigeria: a frame analysis of Shell’s neutralisation of acts that led to corporate-initiated state crime2019In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 106, no 3, p. 280-296Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The environmental impact of Shell Oil Company in Nigeria has resulted in large-scale protests. Despite their peaceful nature, these protests have been met with lethal violence by the Nigerian security forces. Accusations have been levelled against Shell for liability for human rights violations, but the company has denied responsibility. Previously confidential correspondence between Shell and Nigerian officials has come to show that the company has repeatedly persuaded security personnel to act against the protests. This article examines how Shell framed its desire for the Nigerian state to suppress the protests against the company. It does so by analysing the published documents, based on the theoretical framework provided by Stanley Cohen’s (1993) concepts regarding the neutralisation of criminal acts, and specifically, the neutralisation technique of appealing to higher loyalties. This is a technique adopted by companies when they use the greater good as a rationale for minimising their responsibility for harmful acts. The correspondence between Shell and Nigerian officials shows that Shell continuously urged the Nigerian officials to take action by referring to the company’s contribution to economic and social development in the region, even after their calls for action had been shown to have resulted in human rights abuses. In describing these rationales, the article highlights a case of corporate-initiated state crime, a form of crime that involves corporations inducing state actors to commit harmful acts.

  • 2.
    Alalehto, Tage
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Reglering som policyfråga: En diskussion om regleringens effekter vid ekonomisk brottslighet2012In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 99, no 3, p. 316-335Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Andersson, Robert
    Stockholms universitet.
    Behandlingstankens återkomst: från psykoanalys till kognitiv beteende-terapi1991In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, no 5, p. 384-403Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Andersson, Robert
    Stockholms University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Behandlingstankens återkomst: från psykoanalys till kognitiv beteendeterapi2004In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, no 5, p. 384-403Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Asp, Petter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Anmälan av Annika Suominen: The Principle of Mutual Recognition in Cooperation in Criminal Matters. A Study of the Principle in Four Framework Decisions and in the Implementation Legislation in the Nordic Member States.2014In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, p. 210-216Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Asp, Petter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Denationaliserad straffrätt - vilka utmaningar står för dörren?2012In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 99, no 2, p. 144-155Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Balvig, Flemming
    et al.
    Köbenhamns universitet, Det juridiske fakultet.
    Gunnlaugsson, Helgi
    University of Iceland.
    Jerre, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Olaussen, Leif Petter
    Oslo universitet, Institutt for kriminologi og rettssociologi.
    Tham, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Den nordiske retsbevidsthedsundersögelse2010In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, ISSN 0029-1528, no 3, p. 232-250Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8. Balvig, Flemming
    et al.
    Gunnlaugsson, Helgi
    Tham, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Ikke kun strenghed - replik om de nordiske retsbevidsthedsundersögelser2011In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 98, no 3, p. 228-238Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Reservations have been voiced against the project The general sense of justice in Scandinavia on methodological grounds. The first reservation concerns that the studies in Denmark, Island and Sweden have not used non custodial sanctions for the construction of punitivity scales thereby making the public look less punitive than it otherwise would have done. The answer to this is that the purpose of the project was to analyse the willingness to use imprisonment in relation do different crimes, not to construct a punitivity scale that requires much more research in order not to make it arbitrary. The second reservation concerns the way the filmed versions of trials shown to focus groups were constructed that also would have led to milder judgements than "in reality". Tha answer to this is that studies undertaken within the project do not support the allegation that the accused was presented in a too favourable way. Further research could of course be carried out manipulating the presentation of the accused and other variables but that is a matter of resources. Further metodolicial issues in the project are discussed.    

  • 9.
    Bergenheim, Åsa
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    Liliequist, Jonas, Jonas
    Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
    ”Visa aktning för din far och din mor”: ett historiskt perspektiv på vuxna barns våld mot sina föräldrar2010In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 97, no 2, p. 179-190Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Ungdomsbrottslighetens utveckling i Sverige. Minskning, avmattning eller oförminskad ökning?1997In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 84, no 3, p. 153-169Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Våld som (bra) samhällsproblem2010In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 97, no 3, p. 320-334Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Scandinavia, as in many other European countries, violence constitutes an important focus for the public and political debate on crime. Much of what is said in the public debate, and done in the field of criminal policy, stems from a perception that violence is on the increase. This paper challenges the view that violence is rapidly increasing. Instead it is argued that the way violence is viewed in society and the subsequent response to violent offending have changed, leading to a deviancy amplification spiral. The discussion highlights the role of neo-liberal policies and the media as actors and arena, respectively, in the reation of this altered reaction.

  • 12.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Våldsutvecklingen i Sverige 1974-20022005In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 92, no 3, p. 225-248Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Estrada, Felipe
    et al.
    Institutet för framtidsstudier, Stockholm.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Institutet för framtidsstudier, Stockholm.
    Wikman, Sofia
    Stockholms universitet, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Det ökade våldet i arbetslivet: En analys utifrån de svenska offerundersökningarna2007In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 94, no 1, p. 56-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Victim surveys from both Sweden and her Nordic neighbours show that the proportion reporting exposure to violence at work has increased during the 1990s. This article examines the question of how this trend should be understood. Does the increase reflect a rise in the number of people exposed to such violence, or is it rather due to an increase in the focus on violence and a broadening of the way violence is defined? On the basis of Swedish victim surveys covering the period 1984 - 2001, the article examines whether the character of this problem has changed as regards the seriousness of the violence, the occupational groups exposed to such violence, and the extent to which victims have contacted the police. The study shows that there has been an increase in exposure to threats and violence at work. This increase is found primarily in relation to violence and not to threats, among women, and in particular those working with some form of care provision. One surprising finding is that the propensity to report work-related violence has diminished somewhat, something that is not true for other types of violence. We thus find a high propensity to report when levels of exposure are low, and a lower reporting propensity once exposure to violence has increased. This trend is conceptualized against the background of a shift in and broadening of the type of incidents reported in the context of victim surveys. Acts of violence against persons employed in the health sector, schools and in care provision are less likely to be reported to the police than violence perpetrated against members of other occupational groups. Thus as care workers come to account for an increasing proportion of both violent incidents and the victims of violence, the aggregate propensity to report such incidents decreases. When the focus is limited to those individuals working in the care sector who have themselves been exposed to violence, there are no signs of a reduction in their reporting propensity.

  • 14.
    Flyghed, Janne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Introduksjon2019In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 106, no 3, p. 276-279Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Granér, Rolf
    Växjö University, Police officer programme.
    Book Review: Börje Ekenwall: En oförvitlig polis? Studier i polisetik2009In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 96, no 2, p. 207-212Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Holgersson, Stefan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Information Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sättet att bygga fasader inom svensk polis: En analys av presenterad bild jämfört med verkligt utfall2013In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, no 1, p. 112-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyze how Stockholm police department presents the result. The picture the police present corresponds badly with the real outcome. The priority seams to be to create a facade of a well functioning organization to satisfy external expectations rather than show the results in a correct way. This trend is not unique for the police. This type of strategy can be attractive to adapt, but have several negative effects in a long term. For example it’s difficult to develop good policework, when the organization has such a focus.

  • 17.
    Holgersson, Stefan
    et al.
    Swedish National Police Academy, Stockholm.
    Granér, Rolf
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Skoglund, Peter
    Växjö University, Police officer programme.
    Anmälningar mot poliser: Complaints against the police2006In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 93, no 3, p. 289-305Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we argue that judicial efforts to eliminate bad behaviours on thepart of police personnel have a negative, as opposed to a positive, effect onthe attempt to reduce such problems.

    Since bad behaviour often fails to constituteoutright illegality, it is difficult to tackle within the juridical forum. Itseems to be easier and therefore more attractive to commanders to hand oversuch problems to departments of internal affairs to be processed externally,rather than to try to act to get rid of such matters within the organization viaa more comprehensive approach designed to motivate police personnel tobehave more appropriately. While definitely not the only reason for the currentstate of affairs, the present juridical system is an important factor.*

  • 18.
    Jerre, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Ska strängare straff dömas ut vid återfall? Allmänhetens inställning till återfallsstraff enligt en nationell vinjettstudie2016In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 78-95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Harsher punishments for repeat offenders? The public's opinion according to a Swedish vignette study

    The principle of punishing repeat offenders more severely is pretty much universal. A recurring justification in the public debate for this principle is that the 'public sentiment' demands harsher punishments for recidivists. In this study survey participants are asked to propose appropriate sanctions for five different criminal cases described in vignettes. The offender in each case is described as either having or not having previous convictions. There is little difference in the sanctions given to previously convicted and non-convicted offenders. According to the results, 'public sentiment' does not come across as sufficiently homogenous, on it's own, to legitimize a system where repeat offenders are systematically and consistently punished more severely than offenders with no previous convictions. If we are to justify enhanced punishments for repeat offenders, we should seek a more solid basis for doing so than simply relying on routine referrals to public opinion.

  • 19.
    Johansson, Märta C.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    På spaning efter det offer som ej flytt: Bemästrande av människohandelsoffer och viljans inverkan på lagföringen2017In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 104, no 1, p. 1-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the relatively high number of police complaints filed in Sweden for human trafficking, few offenders are prosecuted and convicted. While a third of human trafficking complaints are made for other forms of exploitation, e.g., forced labour, convictions primarily concern trafficking for sexual exploitation plus a few cases of forced begging. The current article examines the absence of prosecutions and convictions in light of the discussion about the character of the crime and its regulation in the Swedish Criminal Code as a crime against peace and freedom. The author concludes that the limited number of convictions, and their restriction to only two forms of trafficking, are not primarily due to resource constraints. Instead they are due to the perceptions of trafficking held by the Swedish criminal courts and to the courts’ notions of what it means to ‘master’ a victim and the types of evidence required to prove such ‘mastery’.

  • 20.
    Kerstin, Berglund
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Law, Department of Law. Universiteten i Uppsala och Tromsö.
    Gelsthorpe/Morris (Ed.) Feminist perspectives in Criminology. Open University Press, Milton Keynes & Philadelphia, 19901991In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, p. 276-277Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Kerstin, Berglund
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Hammer, Radford och Stanko mfl: Women, policing and male violence - international perspectives. Routledge 1989. £9.951989In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, p. 322-322Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Lernestedt, Claes
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Finns det grader i helvetet?: Om köp (och försäljning) av sex2010In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 97, no 3, p. 466-481Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses – and partly questions – a recent development in Sweden regarding the buying of sexual services: Specifically, that the crime of buying has to an increasing degree come to be seen as committed against the seller.

  • 23.
    Lindström, Peter
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Police Education.
    Fler åtalade unga lagöverträdare1998In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 85, no 2, p. 141-158Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Lindström, Peter
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Police Education.
    Fångtal och brott: hur ser sambandet ut?2008In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 95, no 2, p. 151-172Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Lindström, Peter
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Police Education.
    Polisiär nolltolerans: flipp eller flopp?2006In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 93, no 1, p. 15-36Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Lindström, Peter
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Police Education.
    Tredje resan – vart bär det hän?: Utvärderingsresultat och implikationer av den amerikanska lagen ”Three-Strikes and You’re Out2007In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 94, no 1, p. 40-55Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Schoultz, Isabel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    State Crime in the Global Age (2010) Redaktörer: Chambliss William J., Michalowski Raymond & Kramer Ronald C. Willian Publishing2011In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 98, no 2, p. 102-106Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 28. Svensson, Erik
    Gärningsmannaskap och medgärningsmannaskap i svensk rätt2016In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, p. 111-132Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Tham, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Thomas Mathiesen, Cadenza. A Professional Autobiography. London: EG Press Limited. 20172017In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 104, no 3, p. 348-352Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Thelander, Joakim
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Bofors-Indienaffären: ett fall av omdiskuterad svensk vapenexport2010In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 97, no 1, p. 59-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a case-study of one of the most well-known political scandals in Sweden – the Bofors-India affair. The purpose of the study is to describe this affair and to analyze it using established theories of corruption and economic crime. The arms industry is considered one of the most corrupt business sectors in the world. Important reasons for this are the secrecy involved in arms deals, the considerable amounts of money at stake in the contracts and the strong competition between manufacturers. In March 1986, the Swedish arms manufacturer Bofors signed a large order with the Indian government for a system of 155 mm field howitzers. The deal was worth approximately 8.4 billion Swedish kronor. In April 1987 journalists at the Swedish National Radio claimed that large amounts of bribes had been paid to Swiss bank accounts in order to secure the deal. The Swedish National Audit Office examined the payments, and concluded that sums exceeding 260 million Swedish kronor had been paid to Swiss bank accounts. Bofors acknowledged the payments, but claimed that these were legitimate provisions and not bribes. It is argued that Sweden has a strong industrial and political tradition in protecting the domestic arms industry and exporting arms abroad. This means competing for contracts in a business sector where corruption is regarded as widespread. At the same time, Sweden has declared strong positions against corruption and a commitment to international peace and mediating in international conflicts, something that can easily clash with the selling of arms. This explains the heated debate that followed the Bofors-India affair.

  • 31.
    von Hofer, Hanns
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Francis Pakes: "Comparative Criminal Justice", Cullompton, Devon, 2 uppl., 2010. (212 s.)2011In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 98, no 3, p. 311-311Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 32.
    von Hofer, Hanns
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Långsiktiga prognoser av platsbehovet på fängelser: Long-term forecasting of prison populations2010In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 97, no 2, p. 132-149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses whether it is possible to make reliable predictions of prison populations five to ten years in advance. This period corresponds approximately to the planning period that the Swedish Prison and Probation Service considers necessary for building new prisons. After a brief description of forecasting and its various methods, three quantitative forecasting methods are discussed: trend projections, extrapolations from causal models, and statistical modelling. Swedish and international prison population data (comprising years between 1961 and 2010) are used as illustrations. It is concluded that accurate long-term forecasts are unlikely, since prison population data tend to show strong random walk patterns.

  • 33.
    Wahlgren, Paula
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Brottsprevention i straffvälfärdspolitikens tid: Samverkanstankens historiska rötter2019In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 106, no 1, p. 82-92Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Wikman, Sofia
    Stockholms universitet, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Peter Kruize, David W.M Sorensen & David Dreyer Lassen: Vold mod offentligt ansatte. Rockwool Fonden og Syddansk Universitetsförlag, 2008, 168 sidor2009In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 96, no 3, p. 305-307Article, book review (Other academic)
1 - 34 of 34
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