Digitala Vetenskapliga Arkivet

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  • 1.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics. Mistra Center for Sustainable Markets.
    Blomqvist, Björn R. H.
    Sumpter, David J. T.
    Uppsala University.
    Last Night in Sweden? Using Gaussian Processes to Study Changing Demographics at the Level of Municipalities2020In: European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, ISSN 0928-9569, E-ISSN 1571-8174, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 46-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The increased immigration in Western Europe has been linked by some political parties to increased criminality rates. We study the statistical relationship between the proportion of foreign-born to three types of reported criminality - rapes, burglary, and assault. The analysis is based on Swedish municipality level data for 2002-2014, years with signicant immigration. Using non-parametric Gaussian processes models, we find that while reported rape rates have increased, they are likely best explained by changes in reporting. The reported burglary rates have decreased, while reported assault rates are positively correlated to the proportion of foreign-born residents in the municipality.

  • 2.
    Bali Swain, Ranjula
    et al.
    Södertörn Univ, Sch Social Sci, Huddinge, Sweden; Stockholm School of Economics, Mistra Ctr Sustainable Markets, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Blomqvist, Björn Rune Helmer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics, Applied Mathematics and Statistics.
    Sumpter, David J. T.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics, Applied Mathematics and Statistics.
    Last night in Sweden?: Using Gaussian processes to study changing demographics at the level of municipalities2020In: European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, ISSN 0928-9569, E-ISSN 1571-8174, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 46-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The increased immigration in Western Europe has been linked by some political parties to increased criminality rates. We study the statistical relationship between the proportion of foreign-born to three types of reported criminality - rapes, burglary, and assault. The analysis is based on Swedish municipality level data for 2002-2014, years with significant immigration. Using non-parametric Gaussian processes models, we find that while reported rape rates have increased, they are likely best explained by changes in reporting. The reported burglary rates have decreased, while reported assault rates are positively correlated to the proportion of foreign-born residents in the municipality.

  • 3.
    Dahlbäck, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Erratum to “Ethnic Discrimination in Reports of Offendersto the Police” [European Journal of Crime, Criminal Lawand Criminal Justice 20 (2012) 31–57]2012In: European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, ISSN 0928-9569, E-ISSN 1571-8174, Vol. 20, p. 193-220Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Dahlbäck, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Ethnic discrimination in reports of offenders to the police2012In: European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, ISSN 0928-9569, E-ISSN 1571-8174, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 31-57Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Johansson, Märta C.
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Kelemen, Katalin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Still neglecting the demand that fuels human trafficking: a study comparing the criminal laws and practice of five european states on human trafficking, purchasing sex from trafficked adults and from minors2013In: European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, ISSN 0928-9569, E-ISSN 1571-8174, Vol. 21, no 3-4, p. 247-289Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the implementation of duties to reduce the market for sexual services of trafficked persons, both adults and children. The article begins by describing the duties that stem from international and European obligations. It then presents the legislation and practice of five European states (Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom) regarding human trafficking and the purchase of sexual acts from trafficking victims. The states in the study have introduced measures to combat human trafficking by effective prosecutions and sentencing of traffickers. They have, however, taken few measures to combat demand for the sexual services of trafficked persons; in some countries, no measures at all. As all the countries criminalise the purchase of sexual acts from children below the age of 18, the article examines whether this has afforded trafficked children effective protection against sexual exploitation. One key element in the crime of purchasing sex from a minor is knowledge of the child's age. The subjective elements that states require range from strict liability (below certain ages) to negligence, and their practice also varies. The article ends by discussing the lacunae that remain before states can be said to secure trafficked persons' right to effective protection against sexual exploitation.

  • 6.
    Kuzmicz, Maksymilian
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Swedish Law and Informatics Research Institute.
    Naked in the Eyes of the Law: Criminal Law Perspective on Nudity in Chosen European Jurisdictions in the Context of Innovative Technologies2023In: European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, ISSN 0928-9569, E-ISSN 1571-8174, Vol. 31, no 3-4, p. 325-345Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper conducts a legal analysis of the concept of nudity in the context of innovative technologies in selected European jurisdictions. The laws of Poland, Ireland, and the European Union are examined and compared in terms of their approach to the protection of nudity. The research finds that while there are similarities in the criminal laws of Poland and Ireland, there are also notable differences in the understanding of nudity. Additionally, the proposed EU Directive on combating violence against women and domestic violence is examined in relation to the non-consensual distribution of intimate and manipulated images. The study concludes by recommending further research to clarify the legal definition of nudity, and to address the concerns of different individuals and groups with varying sensitivity towards nudity.

  • 7.
    Stamatakis, Nikolaos
    United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates, n.stamatakis@uaeu.ac.ae.
    “Is Restorative Justice Greek to Me?”: Exploring Its Applicability in Greek Youth Detention Centres2021In: European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, ISSN 0928-9569, E-ISSN 1571-8174, Vol. 29, no 3-4, p. 264-289Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Justice systems around the world are constantly working to balance reform/rehabilitation/re-entry and punishment in response to juvenile delinquency. In recent years, there has been a strong emphasis on the notion of restorative justice as an alternative approach to criminal justice, yet there continues to be a dearth of information on the interrelation between restorative justice, religion and imprisonment, especially among youth. The present research seeks to explore the applicability and possible future implementation of restorative justice programmes for late adolescent and young adult male offenders (18–21 years old) held in the Special Detention Institutions of Greece. It also aims to identify any links between restorative justice and religion in youth custodial settings among the large migrant population hosted in these institutions. A self-administered quantitative study was distributed to achieve this aim. The data analysis provided no statistically significant relationships between the inmates’ willingness to meet with their actual/surrogate victims and ask for forgiveness/restore relationships with them. Equally insignificant was found the inmates’ eagerness to get involved in restorative mediation with their capacity to acknowledge the harm that their illegal actions inflicted on others, and to make amends.

  • 8.
    Öberg, Jacob
    European University Institute, Florence, Italy.
    Union Regulatory Criminal Law Competence after Lisbon Treaty2011In: European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, ISSN 0928-9569, E-ISSN 1571-8174, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 289-318Article in journal (Refereed)
1 - 8 of 8
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