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  • 1. Aaltonen, Mikko
    et al.
    Skardhamar, Torbjørn
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Højsgaard Andersen, Lars
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Danielsson, Petri
    Comparing Employment Trajectories before and after First Imprisonment in Four Nordic Countries2017Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 57, nr 4, s. 828-847Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Employment plays a crucial role in the re-entry process and in reducing recidivism among offenders released from prison. But at the same time, imprisonment is generally regarded as harmful to post-release employment prospects. Little is known, however, about whether or not offenders’ employment trajectories before and after imprisonment are similar across countries. As a first step towards filling this gap in research, this paper provides evidence on employment trajectories before and after imprisonment in four Nordic welfare states: Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Using data gathered from administrative records on incarcerated offenders, the analysis focuses on individuals imprisoned for the first time and who served a prison sentence less than one year in length. Results show that although employment trajectories develop in mostly similar ways before and after imprisonment across these countries, important differences exist.

  • 2. Borrion, Hervé
    et al.
    Ekblom, Paul
    Alrajeh, Dalal
    Borrion, Aiduan Li
    Keane, Aidan
    Koch, Daniel
    KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Stadsbyggnad. Chalmers Institute of Technology.
    Mitchener-Nissen, Timothy
    Toubaline, Sonia
    The Problem with Crime Problem-Solving: Towards a Second Generation Pop?2019Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, artikel-id azz029Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In his 2018 Stockholm prize winner lecture, Goldstein highlighted the need for problem-oriented policing (POP) to be not only effective but also fair. Contributing to the development of POP, this study examines how a wider perspective on problem-solving generally, and scoping in particular, can be adopted to address some of the growing challenges in 21st century policing. We demonstrate that the concept of ‘problem’ was too narrowly defined and that, as a result, many problem-solving models found in criminology are ill-structured to minimize the negative side-effects of interventions and deliver broader benefits. Problem-solving concepts and models are compared across disciplines and recommendations are made to improve POP, drawing on examples in architecture, conservation science, industrial ecology and ethics.

  • 3.
    Bäckman, Olof
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Locked Up and Locked Out? The Impact of Imprisonment on Labour Market Attachment2018Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 58, nr 5, s. 1044-1065Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates what effects a first prison sentence has on labour market inclusion, both by comparing those sentenced to prison to the population as a whole, and by comparing groups of convicted offenders. We utilize longitudinal data on criminal sanctions and earnings available for two complete birth cohorts of Swedish men (N = 107,337). These data enable us to compare the labour market attachment of prison inmates both before and after imprisonment. Results from propensity score matching show small negative effects of imprisonment on post-release labour market attachment. Moreover, we find no effect for those without pre-sentence labour market attachment. Thus, the negative effects are restricted to those with some labour market attachment before imprisonment.

  • 4.
    Bäckman, Olof
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Shannon, David
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen. The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention, Sweden.
    The life course of young male and female offenders: Stability or change between different birth cohorts?2014Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 54, nr 3, s. 393-410Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Individuals’ life chances are shaped by the times and events that they experience. This emphasizes the need for studies that focus on staggered birth cohorts. The article presents a new longitudi-nal data set that includes three complete Swedish birth cohorts, born in 1965, 1975 and 1985. Comparisons between the different birth cohorts show how offending distributions among young offenders, as well as their socio-demographic backgrounds and life chances, have developed over time. The analyses of stability and change presented in the study may serve as a point of departure for more informed discussions of the significance of societal changes for the criminality and life chances of male and female offenders.

  • 5.
    Carlsson, Christoffer
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Using 'Turning Points' to Understand Processes of Change In Offending: Notes from a Swedish Study on Life Courses and Crime2012Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 52, nr 1, s. 1-16Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Processes of within-individual change in offending and desistance from crime can be very complex, often involving multiple, context-specific processes. But even in a generous reading of much research on turning points, while this is theoretically stated or inferred, it is less often shown or illustrated in empirical cases. I explore processes of change in offending with the help of the concept of ‘turning points’, through life story interviews conducted in the Stockholm Project, trying to make use of the possibilities inherent in qualitative inquiry. I show how life course processes and the turning points that emerge within them are often interdependent on each other, emerging in very context-specific circumstances, and need to be studied and understood and such. Future research areas are suggested.

  • 6.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Juvenile Violence as a Social Problem: Trends, Media Attention and Societal Response2001Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 41, s. 639-655Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article challenges the view that juvenile violence is rapidly increasing in Western Europe. The studies portraying such an increase are far too reliant on official crime statistics. In countries where alternative data are available, these often present a different picture. It is thus possible that the way violence is viewed in society and the subsequent response to juvenile offending have changed, leading to a deviancy amplification spiral. This hypothesis is examined using results from two Swedish studies, the one on changes in the media treatment of violence, the other on changes in schools’ reaction to violence. The concluding discussion highlights the role of the media as actor and arena respectively in the creation of this altered reaction.

  • 7.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Trends in violence in Scandinavia according to different indicators2006Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 46, nr 3, s. 486-504Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In Scandinavia as in many other parts of Europe, violence constitutes an important focus for the public and political debate on crime. Much of what is said in the public debate, and done in the field of criminal policy, stems from a perception that violence is on the increase. This paper presents a new social indicator of trends in violence – Swedish hospital admissions resulting from acts of violence – and evaluates this measure in the light of more traditional indicators of violence – crime statistics, victim surveys and homicide statistics. The hospital data comprise 90,000 admissions from the years 1974-2002. The results show that admissions caused by violence are more numerous in the 1970s and 1990s and fewer in the 1980s. Nothing in the hospital data indicates an increase in hospital admissions resulting from serious violent incidents over this period. No increase is noted in either fractures or knife and gunshot wounds. Thus the continuous upward trend noted in crime statistics is not verified. Instead the hospital data serve to verify the more stable trends indicated by victim surveys and lethal violence statistics.

  • 8.
    Estrada, Felipe
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    THE DARKER SIDE OF EQUALITY? THE DECLINING GENDER GAP IN CRIME: HISTORICAL TRENDS AND AN ENHANCED ANALYSIS OF STAGGERED BIRTH COHORTSIngår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we elucidate the way the gender gap in crime has changed in Sweden since the mid-19th century. The analysis is directed at theft offences and violent crime. The long historical perspective provides a background to our analysis that focuses on the period since the 1980s. Our principal data are comprised of the registered offending of different birth cohorts. Most of the findings from our study refute the hypothesis that the declining gender gap in crime is due to an increasing number of women committing offences. Instead, the most important driving forces inrecent times have been a powerful decline in the number of men convicted of theft crime and a netwidening effect causing a rise in womens’ convictions for violence.

  • 9.
    Estrada, Felipe
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    The Darker Side of Equality? The Declining Gender Gap in Crime: Long Term Historical Trends and an Enhanced Analysis of Staggered Birth Cohorts2016Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 56, nr 6, s. 1272-1290Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we elucidate the way the gender gap in crime has changed in Sweden since the mid-19th century. The analysis is directed at theft offences and violent crime. The long historical perspective provides a background to our analysis that focuses on the period since the 1980s. Our principal data are comprised of the registered offending of different birth cohorts. Most of the findings from our study refute the hypothesis that the declining gender gap in crime is due to an increasing number of women committing offences. Instead, the most important driving forces in recent times have been a powerful decline in the number of men convicted of theft crime and a net-widening effect causing a rise in womens’ convictions for violence.

  • 10.
    Estrada, Felipe
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Exposure to threatening and violent behaviour among single mothers – the significance of lifestyle, neighbourhood and welfare situation2004Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 44, nr 2, s. 168-187Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this article is to study violent victimisation among single mothers. This is mainly achieved by examining variations within the group of single mothers. The study is based on the Annual Survey of Living Conditions conducted by Statistics Sweden. The analysis includes a total of 1,713 single mothers. One of the central issues in this study is to examine the significance of factors related to participation in public entertainment, residential neighbourhood and resource deficiencies at the individual level. One important conclusion from the study is that differences in levels of exposure to violence, both within the group of single mothers and between this group and other women, are primarily related to levels of individual welfare resources.

  • 11.
    Heber, Anita
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    ‘You Thought You Were Superman’: Violence, Victimization and Masculinities2017Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 57, nr 1, s. 61-78Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to develop an improved understanding of the central criminological relationship between men and violence, this article focuses on men’s gender performances in relation to both violent victimization and offending. By means of discourse analysis based on interviews with male probationers about their own experiences of the victim–offender overlap, this research shows how men relate to a gangster discourse, a developmental discourse, a discourse of vulnerability and a fatherhood discourse. These discourses are characterized by complexity, interdiscursivity and ambivalence, and they rely to a varying extent on bodily performance and on several intersections. The study deepens our understanding of men’s relationship with violence and shows how men perform, renegotiate and even undo gender, within and beyond street cultures.

  • 12.
    Hällsten, Martin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Szulkin, Ryszard
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Sarnecki, Jerzy
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Crime as a Price of Inequality?: The Gap in Registered Crime between Childhood Immigrants, Children of Immigrants and Children of Native Swedes2013Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 53, nr 3, s. 456-481Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine the gap in registered crime between the children of immigrants and the children of native Swedes. We follow all individuals who completed compulsory schooling during the period 1990-93 in the Stockholm Metropolitan area (N = 63,462) up to their thirties and analyse how family of origin and neighbourhood segregation during adolescence, subsequent to arriving in Sweden, influence the gap in recorded crimes. For males, we are able to explain between half and three-quarters of the gap in crime by reference to parental socio-economic resources and neighbourhood segregation. For females, we can explain even more, sometimes the entire gap. In addition, we tentatively examine the role of co-nationality or culture by comparing the crime rates of randomly chosen pairs of individuals originating from the same country. We find only a small correlation in the crime of individuals who share the same origin, indicating that culture is unlikely to be a strong cause of crime among immigrants.

  • 13.
    Hörnqvist, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    A Symposium of Reviews of Peculiar Institution: America’s Death Penalty in an Age of Abolition: Peculiar Institutions and Peculiar Explanations2012Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 52, nr 1, s. 214-216Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 14.
    Hörnqvist, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Review Symposium: Punishing the Poor: The Neoliberal Government of Social Insecurity. By Loïc Wacquant2010Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 50, nr 3, s. 589-608Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 15.
    Kolind, Torsten
    et al.
    Centre for Alcohol and Drug Research, Business and Social Sciences, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Frank, Vibecke
    Centre for Alcohol and Drug Research, Business and Social Sciences, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Lindberg, Odd
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Tourunen, Jouni
    A-Clinic Foundation, Helsinki, Finland.
    Officers and drug counsellors: new occupational identities in Nordic prisons2015Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 55, nr 2, s. 303-320Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasingly, prison drug treatment is introduced in European prisons. This increase may begin to change the prison as officers and drug counsellors are given new occupational responsibilities. Based on six month of observational studies and qualitative interviews with 104 prison employees in Denmark, Sweden, Finland and Norway in 12 prisons, this article investigates the practices and values of drug counsellors and officers. This shows that increasingly, counsellors integrate the control and disciplinary sanctions of the prison environment into their treatment approach. Simultaneously, officers working in drug treatment wings highlight the importance of the treatment ethos in their control work, adjusting the social representations of their professional identities accordingly. We discuss whether the concepts of treatment and control should be rethought.

  • 16.
    Lander, Ingrid
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Gender, Aging and Drug Use: a Post-Structural Approach to the Life Course2015Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 55, nr 2, s. 270-285Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on the ageing process among drug-using women, proceeded on the basis of a critical post-structural approach to the life-course (Ahmed 2006; Halberstam 2005; Holstein and Gubrium 2000; Mattsson 2014). The objective is to provide an alternative perspective on the life course to that which dominates current criminology. This perspective challenges prevailing norms and conceptions regarding the other, and in doing so focuses the analysis on the social mechanisms that lie behind social exclusion, crime and drug use. By means of the retrospective narratives of four women, who describe a rambling journey along crooked paths on the margins of the welfare state, the article reveals the nature of prevailing norms and conceptions regarding ageing, gender and drug use.

  • 17.
    Nilsson, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Involvement in Crime, Individual Resources and Structural Constraints: Processes of Cumulative (Dis)Advantage in a Stockholm Birth Cohort2013Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 53, nr 2, s. 297-318Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we study how a central welfare outcome, labour market attachment, develops for different groups defined on the basis of their criminal involvement over the life course. Can we see the pattern of increasing inter-group disparities in labour market attachment that would be predicted by cumulative disadvantage theories? If so, is this a result of the criminal history of individuals or should criminal involvement be seen as one element in a negative life trajectory in a more general sense? And what role do circumstances at the structural level play in such a process? The Swedish economic recession of the 1990s and an examination of how a Stockholm cohort entered, lived through and then exited the unemployment crisis provide an opportunity to study how macro events affect different groups of individuals in a specific socio-historical situation. Our results show that both individual resources and historical events at the structural level are important when it comes to describing individual biographies and events in the life course.

  • 18.
    Nilsson, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Victimisation, Inequality and Welfare during an Economic Recession. A Study of Self Reported Victimisation in Sweden 1988-19992003Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 43, nr 4, s. 655-672Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    At the beginning of the 1990s, Sweden found herself in an economic crisis that led to a worsening of living conditions and increases in the level of inequality between different social groups. The object of this article is to describe the levels of victimisation that have been experienced by a number of different social groups. The central focus is directed at the way victimisation is linked to other forms of welfare problem. The analysis focuses on the period 1988-1999, examining both differences in levels of problems experienced, and trends over time, among groups whose level of well-being and financial situation have developed in different directions.

  • 19.
    Stattin, Håkan
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Magnusson, David
    Onset of official delinquency: its co-occurrence in time with educational, behavioural and interpersonal problems1995Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 35, nr 3, s. 417-449Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 20.
    Stattin, Håkan
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Romelsjö, Anders
    Stenbacka, Marlene
    Personal resources as modifiers of the risk for future criminality: an analysis of protective factors in relation to 18-year-old boys1997Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 37, nr 2, s. 198-223Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Within the frame of a protective-factors approach, an analysis of the role played by resource factors at the age of 18 for future risk of criminality was performed. Both behavioural and home-background risks were studied. The study group consisted of 7,577 Swedish conscripts followed in official registers from the age of 18 through to the age of 36. The hypothesis was advanced that among subjects with few behavioural risks at the age of 18, resource factors (physical, emotional, social, and cognitive factors relating to the individual) would have relatively limited consequences for future delinquency. However, among subjects with a history of adjustment problems, having strong resources available might counteract adverse behavioural factors. In line with the hypothesis, among subjects with high behavioural risk, those with no strong personal resources were convicted considerably more often in later life than their counterparts with many resources. This was as true for subjects with few home-background risks as for those with many. Few differences with regard to conviction rate were found between subjects with few and those with many documented resources among low-risk individuals. Analyses of the separate resource measures revealed that, among subjects with high behavioural risk, those with documented high resources with regard to intellectual capacity, emotional stability, social maturity and psychic energy were convicted significantly less often than high-risk subjects with no documented strong resources. It is concluded that greater attention should be paid in criminological research to individuals' risks and resources in analysing and making prognoses of criminality.

  • 21.
    Stenström, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    The Private Policing of Insurance Claims: Power, Profit and Private Justice2018Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 58, nr 2, s. 478-496Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article examines the ways private policing is organised with regard to profitability. While the literature on private policing has enhanced our understanding of its growth, scope and normative implications, less is known about how ‘hybrid’ policing is conducted to make profit. Informed by 38 qualitative interviews with the seven largest insurance companies in Sweden, the article details how power relations are organised to ensure that the private policing of insurance claims supports and does not pose a threat to profit. Drawing on evidence from the empirical research, a range of issues are discussed, including the relationship between private policing and state power, and the intertwined governance of both claimants and policing actors.

  • 22.
    Stickley, Andrew
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Mäkinen, Ilkka Henrik
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Sociologi. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Homicide in the Russian Empire and Soviet Union2005Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 45, nr 5, s. 647-670Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    With the collapse of Communism, statistics relating to previously ‘taboo’ phenomena such as homicide became available in the Soviet Union for the first time in over 50 years. The current study builds on several recent studies of homicide in Russia by extending both its time-frame and geographical coverage. Taking data from the end of the tsarist (1910) and Communist (1989) periods, the study maps the changes that occurred in the geographical distribution of homicide rates in ‘European Russia’ across the Soviet years. While non-Russian areas tended to remain or become less violent, Russia became more violent. These differences may have had a cultural component underlying them which was further exacerbated by the role of the state in the Soviet period.

  • 23.
    Stickley, Andrew
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition).
    Pridemore, William Alex
    The social-structural correlates of homicide in late-tsarist Russia2007Ingår i: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 47, nr 1, s. 80-99Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Using official socio-economic and vital statistics data from the end of the tsarist period, this study builds on and extends previous investigations of homicide in early twentieth-century Europe by examining which social-structural factors were associated with the variation in homicide rates among the 50 provinces of European Russia in 1910. The results of negative binomial regression show heavy drinking to be positively associated, and population density and literacy inversely associated, with provincial homicide rates. These findings suggest that the tension between modernity and tradition, which was more generally evident in Russian society during this period, may also have underpinned the regional variation observed in aggregate-level homicide rates. Moreover, the high rural homicide rates seen in both tsarist Russia and at the end of the Soviet period might indicate that the 'criminological transition' that may have occurred in other Western countries during the course of the twentieth century could have taken a different form or have been delayed in Russia, due at least in part to the actions and policies of the Soviet state.

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