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  • 1. Abdollahi, Abbas
    et al.
    Abu Talib, Mansor
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology.
    Harvey, Richard
    Yaacob, Siti Nor
    Ismail, Zanariah
    Problem-solving skills and perceived stress among undergraduate students: The moderating role of hardiness2018In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 23, no 10, p. 1321-1331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study was designed to examine the relationships between problem-solving skills, hardiness, and perceived stress and to test the moderating role of hardiness in the relationship between problem-solving skills and perceived stress among 500 undergraduates from Malaysian public universities. The analyses showed that undergraduates with poor problem-solving confidence, external personal control of emotion, and approach-avoidance style were more likely to report perceived stress. Hardiness moderated the relationships between problem-solving skills and perceived stress. These findings reinforce the importance of moderating role of hardiness as an influencing factor that explains how problem-solving skills affect perceived stress among undergraduates.

  • 2.
    Andreasson, Anna Nixon
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet.
    Szulkin, Robert
    Undén, Anna-Lena
    von Essen, Jan
    Nilsson, Lars-Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lekander, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet.
    Inflammation and positive affect are associated with subjective health in women of the general population2013In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 311-320Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Poor subjective health has been associated with higher levels of inflammatory cytokines. We investigated whether such an association would apply to women of the general population. Levels of cytokines, affect and subjective health were assessed in 347 women of the general population aged 45 to 90 years. Higher levels of interleukin-6 were associated with poor subjective health, especially in participants over 65 years of age. Positive affect was a more robust determinant of subjective health than negative affect. The presence of low-grade inflammation and absence of positive affect, rather than presence of negative affect, may be important determinants of subjective health.

  • 3.
    Andreasson, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden; Macquarie University, Australia.
    Schiller, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Åkerstedt, Torbjörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Berntson, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Kecklund, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Lekander, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Brief report: Contemplate your symptoms and re-evaluate your health. A study on working adults2019In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 24, no 11, p. 1562-1567Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigated whether self-ratings of health are affected by a symptom rating. A diary including a one-item self-rating of health ("pre-self-rated health"; 1 = excellent, 7 = very poor), a subsequent 26-item rating of symptoms, and thereafter a second (identical) health rating ("post-self-rated health") was completed by 820 persons 21 times. Self-rated health worsened significantly ( p < .0001) after the symptom rating, from 2.72 pre-self-rated health (95% confidence interval: 2.70-2.74) to 2.77 post-self-rated health (95% confidence interval: 2.75-2.79) and more so in persons who reported more symptoms ( b = .058, p < .05). The results support the notion that subjective health perception is influenced by attending to symptoms, especially so in persons with a high symptom burden.

  • 4.
    Andreasson, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Wicksell, Rikard K.
    Lodin, Karin
    Karshikoff, Bianka
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Axelsson, John
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Lekander, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    A global measure of sickness behaviour: Development of the Sickness Questionnaire2018In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 23, no 11, p. 1452-1463Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Symptoms after inflammatory activation, so-called sickness behaviour, overlap with trans-diagnostic complaints. As no self-report questionnaire to assess sickness behaviour exists, we aimed to develop such an instrument, the Sickness Questionnaire. Items responsive to experimentally induced inflammatory activation (randomized double-blind study endotoxin (0.6 ng/kg) versus placebo, n = 52) were selected and the statistical properties were examined in 172 primary care patients. A principal component analysis indicated a one-factor solution (Cronbach's alpha = .86). This 10-item scale correlated with depression ( β = .41, p < .001), anxiety ( β = .36, p < .001), self-rated health ( β = .28, p < .001) and a single item of feeling sick ( β = .55, p < .001). The results support the adequacy of Sickness Questionnaire as a brief assessment instrument of perceived sickness behaviour.

  • 5.
    Cheng, Helen
    et al.
    University College London, UK.
    Montgomery, Scott
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. University College London, UK.
    Green, Andy
    BI Norwegian Business School, Norway.
    Furnham, Adrian
    University College London, UK; BI Norwegian Business School, Norway.
    Childhood heart problems, adulthood emotional stability, and sex associated with self-report heart conditions in adulthood2019In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigated biomedical, social, and psychological factors associated with self-reported heart conditions in adulthood in a British cohort. In total, 5697 (50.7% males) participants with data on parental socioeconomic status, childhood cognitive ability, childhood heart problems, educational qualifications, current occupational levels, adulthood personality traits, and the prevalence of self-reported heart conditions in adulthood were included in the study. The prevalence of self-reported heart conditions measured at age 54 years was the outcome variable. Hierarchical logistic regression analysis showed that childhood heart problems identified by physicians (OR = 3.47:1.74-6.92, p < 0.001) and trait emotional stability (OR = 0.83:0.75-0.93, p < 0.001) were the significant and independent predictors of self-reported heart conditions in adulthood. There were also significant sex effects on the prevalence of the outcome variable (OR = 0.53:0.42-0.63, p < 0.001). Both a biomedical and a psychological factor were significantly associated with self-reported heart conditions in adulthood.

  • 6.
    Cheng, Helen
    et al.
    University College London (UCL), London, UK.
    Treglown, Luke
    University College London (UCL), London, UK.
    Montgomery, Scott
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. University College London (UCL), London, UK.
    Kornilaki, Ekaterina N.
    University of Crete, Rethymnon, Greece.
    Tsivrikos, Dimitrios
    University College London (UCL), London, UK.
    Furnham, Adrian
    University College London (UCL), London, UK; BI Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway.
    The associations between personality traits, education, occupation and the occurrence of eczema in adulthood2017In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 22, no 7, p. 916-924Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There were 5834 participants with complete data on parental social class at birth, childhood cognitive ability tests scores at 11 years, educational qualifications at 33 years, the Big Five-Factor personality traits, occupational levels and eczema (measured at age 50 years). Results showed that eczema in childhood, educational achievement and occupational levels were significantly associated with the occurrence of reported eczema in adulthood. Emotionally Stable people (non-neurotic) were less likely to have eczema, but those with high Agreeableness and Openness more likely to have eczema. Childhood cognitive ability was significantly and positively associated with eczema in adulthood.

  • 7.
    Hajdarevic, Senada
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Dermatology and Venerology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Schmitt-Egenolf, Marcus
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Dermatology and Venerology.
    Sundbom, Elisabet
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Isaksson, Ulf
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Hörnsten, Åsa
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
    Coping styles in decision making among men and women diagnosed with malignant melanoma2013In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 18, no 11, p. 1445-1455Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Early care seeking is important for prognosis of malignant melanoma. Coping styles in decision-making to seek care can relate to prognosis since avoidant strategies could delay care seeking. The aim of this study was to compare self-reported coping styles in decision-making between men and women diagnosed with malignant melanoma. We used the Swedish version of the Melbourne Decision-Making Questionnaire to assess coping styles. Men generally scored higher in buck-passing while women and those living without a partner scored higher in hypervigilance. This knowledge could be used in the development of preventive programmes with intention to reach those who delay care seeking.

  • 8.
    Hallberg, Lillemor R.-M.
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    Reichenberg, Kjell
    Nordic School of Public Health and Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Göteborg University.
    Allowing for the Opposite: The Parents of Asthmatic Children Cooperate by Making Use of Each Other's Differences2008In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 13, no 5, p. 659-668Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on one of the interactive processes that parents use to cope with their child's asthma. The concept allowing for the opposite was developed in the course of a clinical project designed to improve consultation methods in pediatric allergy care. We examined material from 67 conversations carried out with 22 heterosexual couples held with two family therapists: one male pediatrician and one female social worker. We found that parents made use of each other's differences in personality and parenting style, allowing each other to take opposing positions on how to cope with their child's asthma. Disagreement should be added to the list of coping mechanisms used by parents in their cooperative efforts to handle their child's asthma.

  • 9. Hallman, Tina
    et al.
    Thomsson, Helene
    Burell, Gunilla
    Lisspers, Jan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Setterlind, Sven
    Stress, Burnout and Coping: Differences between Women with Coronary Heart Disease and Healthy Matched Women2003In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 433-446Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Stress is becoming more significant for women, along with the increasing number of women in the workforce. The present study compared women with respect to burnout and coping abilities, and related to the impact of educational level on differences in coping strategies. Women with coronary heart disease reported a higher level of burnout and had the highest scores demonstrating lack of coping, which indicates lesser coping abilities. Differences concerning strain reduction, self-control and emotional distancing are discussed in terms of living conditions. We also discuss that in order to optimize the outcome of rehabilitation and prevention we need more research on women, of women and especially from women’s point of view.

  • 10.
    Hasson, Dan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    von Thiele Schwarz, Ulrica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS). Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Self-rated Health and Allostatic Load in Women Working in Two Occupational Sectors2009In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 568-577Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study set out to investigate how biological dysregulation, in terms of allostatic load (AL), relates to selfrated health (SRH) in women. Data on SRH and 12 biomarkers used to assess AL were available for 241 employees from the health care sector and 98 employees from the IT/media sector. In line with the hypothesis, results showed that a poor SRH, along with occupational sector, age and education, were significantly associated with a high AL, particularly for those working withinthe health care sector. This association between a poor SRH and AL, suggests a link between SRH and biological dysregulation.

  • 11.
    Igna, CV
    et al.
    University of Helsinki, Finland .
    Julkunen, J
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Ahlström, Richard
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sense of coherence relates with smoking2008In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 3, no 8, p. 996-1001Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigated the relationship between sense of coherence (SOC) and smoking. This study is a sub-study of the Anglo-Scandinavian Cardiac Outcomes Trial. SOC was assessed with a short form self-report questionnaire at baseline and at two-year follow-up. Smoking behaviour was self-reported at both dates. The sample consisted of 841 hypertensive participants, (women 22.1%) at baseline, and 697 (women 23.0%) participants at the follow-up. At baseline the age range was 40-79. Results showed that smoking behaviour was associated with levels of SOC. Current-smokers had a lower mean of SOC. Gender had no statistically significant influence on these results.

     

  • 12.
    Lindqvist, Gunilla
    et al.
    School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Växjö University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Hallberg, Lillemor
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
    'Feelings of guilt due to self-inflicted disease': a grounded theory of suffering from Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)2010In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 456-466Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this grounded theory study was to illuminate the main concern of people suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and how they handle their everyday life. Data were collected through interviews with 23 people with COPD at different stages, from mild to severe. A substantive theory was generated showing that the main concern was feelings of guilt due to self-inflicted disease associated with smoking habits. This core category was related to five managing strategies termed making sense of existence, adjusting to bodily restrictions, surrendering to fate, making excuses for the smoking-related cause and creating compliance with daily medication.

  • 13.
    Lindqvist, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    R-M Hallberg, Lillemor
    Feelings of guilt due to self-inflicted disease: A grounded theory of suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease2010In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 456-466Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this grounded theory studywas to illuminate the main concern ofpeople suffering from chronicobstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) and how they handle theireveryday life. Data were collectedthrough interviews with 23 peoplewith COPD at different stages, frommild to severe. A substantive theorywas generated showing that the mainconcern was feelings of guilt due toself-inflicted disease associated withsmoking habits. This core categorywas related to five managingstrategies termed making sense ofexistence, adjusting to bodilyrestrictions, surrendering to fate,making excuses for the smokingrelatedcause and creating compliancewith daily medication.

  • 14.
    Malm, Dan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Hallberg, Lillemor R-M
    Patients' experiences of daily living with a pacemaker: a grounded theory study.2006In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 11, no 5, p. 787-798Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Malm, Dan
    et al.
    County Hospital Ryhov, Sweden and Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Hallberg, Lillemor R.-M.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
    Patients’ Experiences of Daily Living with a Pacemaker: A Grounded Theory Study2006In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 11, no 5, p. 787-798Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine patients’ experiences of daily living with a pacemaker. A total of 13 pacemaker patients (seven women) aged 22-82 (mean = 59.2) years were interviewed. The informants had had a pacemaker from 0.5 to 33 (mean 13.1) years. The grounded theory method was the basis for collection and analysis of the data. The results of the analysis of the semi-structured interviews showed that variations in ‘perceived social participation’ and ‘emotional state’, the two core categories, were related to four qualitatively different ways of experiencing daily living after pacemaker implantation.

  • 16. Nordin, Maria
    et al.
    Knutsson, Anders
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Sundbom, Elisabet
    Is Disturbed Sleep a Mediator in the Association between Social Support and Myocardial Infarction?2008In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 55-64Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Nordin, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Knutsson, Anders
    Sundbom, Elisabet
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
    Is disturbed sleep a mediator in the association between social support and myocardial infarction?2008In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 55-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study was to investigate a mediating relationship between social support and disturbed sleep in cases surviving myocardial infarction. The case-referent studies, Stockholm Heart Epidemiological Program (SHEEP) and Västernorrland Heart Epidemiological Program (VHEEP) were used comprising 6231 participants (2046 women). Referents were randomly selected. Disturbed sleep was operationalized by the Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire, network support by the Availability of Social Integration Index and emotional support by the Availability of Attachment Index. Mediating associations were tested with logistic regression. The results show that disturbed sleep may act as a mediator between low network support and myocardial infarction in women.

  • 18.
    Owuor, John O. A.
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Karolinska Institute, Sweden; University of Huddersfield, England.
    Locke, Abigail
    University of Huddersfield, England.
    Heyman, Bob
    University of Huddersfield, England.
    Clifton, Andrew
    University of Huddersfield, England.
    Concealment, communication and stigma: The perspectives of HIV-positive immigrant Black African men and their partners living in the United Kingdom2016In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 21, no 12, p. 3079-3091Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored the perspectives of Black men, originally from East Africa, living in the United Kingdom and their partners on what it means to live with diagnosed HIV. This article reports on concealment of HIV-positive status as a strategy adopted by the affected participants to manage the flow of information about their HIV-positive status. Analysis of the data, collected using in-depth interviews involving 23 participants, found widespread selective concealment of HIV-positive status. However, a few respondents had come out publicly about their condition. HIV prevention initiatives should recognise concealment as a vital strategy in managing communication about ones HIV-positive status.

  • 19.
    Persson, Ninni
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Viitanen, Matti
    Almkvist, Ove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Wahlin, Åke
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    A principal component model of medical health: Implications for cognitive deficits and decline among adults in a population-based sample2013In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 18, no 10, p. 1268-1287Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Longitudinal blood- and cognitive data from 879 adults were analyzed to extract a multidimensional health structure for prediction of cognitive change. Six health components were identified and replicated at two waves. Following, cognitive outcomes were regressed on the health components. Large proportions of cognitive age related variations were accounted for by baseline health in both cross-sectional and prospective analyses. Less variation was accounted for when health change and cognitive change were contrasted. Cardiovascular health was particularly important for prediction of cognitive change. Our study underlines causal relations between health and cognitive functions, and suggests that some effects are long term.

  • 20.
    Rodriguez, Alina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Bohlin, Gunilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lindmark, Gunilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH).
    A longitudinal study of perceived health during pregnancy: Antecedents and outcomes1999In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 129-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Perceived health was studied longitudinally in a sample of 364 nulliparous women. Psychosocial, contextual, and biomedical factors were taken into account to predict medically relevant versus benign symptoms which were then used to predict perceived heal

  • 21.
    Rodriguez, Alina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Bohlin, Gunilla
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Lindmark, Gunilla
    Uppsala universitet, Internationell mödra- och barnhälsovård (IMCH).
    A longitudinal study of perceived health during pregnancy: Antecedents and outcomes1999In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 129-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Perceived health was studied longitudinally in a sample of 364 nulliparous women. Psychosocial, contextual, and biomedical factors were taken into account to predict medically relevant versus benign symptoms which were then used to predict perceived heal

  • 22.
    Sato, Yuki
    et al.
    Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan.
    Hiyoshi, Ayako
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.
    Melinder, Carren
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.
    Suzuki, Chieko
    Saga University, Saga, Japan.
    Montgomery, Scott
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; University College London, London, UK.
    Asthma and atopic diseases in adolescence and antidepressant medication in middle age2018In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 23, no 6, p. 853-859Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This Swedish register-based cohort study examined whether asthma, hay fever and allergic dermatitis in late adolescence identified in the early 1970s are associated with antidepressant medication in middle age, between 2006 and 2009. After adjustment for childhood and adulthood sociodemographic characteristics, psychological, cognitive and physical function, and comorbidity, the magnitude of the associations diminished for asthma, while hay fever and atopic dermatitis retained associations. Hay fever and atopic dermatitis in adolescence have potentially important implications for future mental health, while asthma may already have influenced an individual's ability to cope with stress by late adolescence.

  • 23.
    Sgroi, Maria Ingelsson
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience. psykatri UAS.
    Willebrand, Mimmie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience. psykiatri UAS.
    Ekselius, Lisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience. psykiatri UAs.
    Gerdin, Bengt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences. plastikkirurgi.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Fear-avoidance in recovered burn patients: association with psychological and somatic symptoms.2005In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 491-502Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24. Sgroi, Maria
    et al.
    Willebrand, Mimmie
    Ekselius, Lisa
    Gerdin, Bengt
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Clinical and Social Psychology.
    Fear-avoidance in recovered burn patients: Association with psychological and somatic symptoms2005In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 491-502Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fear-avoidance, an important model in the understanding of chronic pain, has not yet been studied in patients with burns. The purpose of this study was to investigate if recovered burn patients have fear-avoidance beliefs and to explore the association with psychological and somatic symptoms. Eighty-four recovered burn patients completed self-report questionnaires. The results showed that there were fear-avoidance beliefs, but not to a large extent. Beta coefficients from multiple regression analyses indicated a strong association between fear-avoidance and problems with work, heat sensitivity and arousal symptoms. The model was capable of explaining 73 per cent of the variance in fear-avoidance beliefs. Copyright © 2005 SAGE Publications.

  • 25.
    Ståhlberg, Linnea
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Palmquist, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nordin, Steven
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Intolerance to environmental chemicals and sounds in irritable bowel syndrome: explained by central sensitization?2018In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 23, no 10, p. 1367-1377Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study tested the hypotheses of irritable bowel syndrome showing (1) comorbidity with chemical and sound intolerance, other types of functionally somatic syndromes, and psychiatric disorders and (2) stronger than normal affective reactions to and behavioral disruptions from odorous/pungent chemicals and sounds in daily life. These hypotheses were tested by means of data from a large-scale population-based questionnaire study. The results showed comorbidity in irritable bowel syndrome with chemical and sound intolerance, fibromyalgia, migraine, post-traumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, panic syndrome, and depression as well as strong reactions/disruptions from odorous/pungent chemicals and sounds in irritable bowel syndrome.

  • 26.
    Vishwanatha, Kalyani
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Palmquist, Eva
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Nordin, Steven
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Extent and orientation of coping in chemical intolerance2016In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 21, no 11, p. 2580-2589Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Chemical intolerance is a long-standing illness with minimal guidelines regarding treatment. Hence, individual attempts to cope with the illness gain importance in dealing with its consequences. This study used data from 164 persons with self-reported chemical intolerance to understand the nature of coping with the illness. Coping was studied along two dimensions, the extent and predominant orientation of coping. The association of these coping dimensions with mental health variables of stress, depression, anxiety, burnout, and non-restorative sleep was examined as well. Results revealed that the persons with chemical intolerance used a moderate amount of coping strategies which were slightly more emotion-focused than problem-focused in orientation. Users of both problem-focused and emotion-focused orientations report scores in the normal range on all mental health indices. However, significantly higher level of anxiety was found to be associated with predominantly emotion-focused coping, whereas coping orientation did not differ with respect to the four other mental health indices. The above findings are discussed in relation to existing literature on coping with long-term illness.

  • 27.
    Wiggins, Sally
    Nottingham Trent University, UK.
    Good for ‘You’: Generic and Individual Healthy Eating Advice in Family Mealtimes2004In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 535-548Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Healthy eating is one of the main concerns for health organizations in the UK, and has been widely promoted in recent decades. Yet despite the amount of nutritional information available, levels of obesity, heart disease and other food-related diseases remain high. Existing research in this area often uses individual accounts of consumption to examine the reasons why people may not be eating ‘healthily’. An alternative way to approach this issue is to examine how healthy eating advice is constructed and used in everyday interaction. This research uses tape-recorded family mealtimes to examine instances where nutritional advice is embedded and managed in conversational activities. A distinction between generic and individually focused healthy eating talk is illustrated, and the implications for further research are discussed.

  • 28.
    Wiggins, Sally
    et al.
    Loughborough University, UK.
    Potter, Jonathan
    Loughborough University, UK.
    Wildsmith, Aimee
    Loughborough University, UK.
    Eating Your Words: Discursive psychology and the reconstruction of eating practices2001In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 5-15, article id 015308Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Psychological research into eating practices has focused mainly on attitudes and behaviour towards food, and disorders of eating. Using experimental and questionnaire-based designs, these studies place an emphasis on individual consumption and cognitive appraisal, overlooking the interactive context in which food is eaten. The current article examines eating practices in a more naturalistic environment, using mealtime conversations tape-recorded by families at home. The empirical data highlight three issues concerning the discursive construction of eating practices, which raise problems for the existing methodologies. These are: (1) how the nature and evaluation of food are negotiable qualities; (2) the use of participants' physiological states as rhetorical devices; and (3) the variable construction of norms of eating practices. The article thus challenges some key assumptions in the dominant literature and indicates the virtues of an approach to eating practices using interactionally based methodologies

1 - 28 of 28
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