Change search
Refine search result
1234567 1 - 50 of 314
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1. Abrahamsson, K H
    et al.
    Berggren, U
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Carlsson, S G
    Phobic avoidance and regular dental care in fearful dental patients: a comparative study.2001In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 59, no 5, p. 273-279Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2. Ademovski, Seida Erovic
    et al.
    Lingström, Peter
    Winkel, Edwin
    Tangerman, Albert
    Persson, Rutger
    Renvert, Stefan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, School of Health Science.
    Comparison of different treatment modalities for oral halitosis2012In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 70, no 3, p. 224-233Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives. To assess the effects on intra-oral halitosis by a mouth rinse containing zinc acetate (0.3%) and chlorhexidine diacetate (0.025%) with and without adjunct tongue scraping. Materials and methods. Twenty-one subjects without a diagnosis of periodontitis were randomized in a cross-over clinical trial. Organoleptic scores (OLS) were assessed to define intra-oral halitosis by total volatile sulfur compound (T-VSC) measurements and by gas chromatography. Results. Twenty-one subjects with a mean age of 45.7 years (SD: +/- 13.3, range: 21-66). The OLS were significantly lower following active rinse combined with tongue scraping (p < 0.001) at all time points. Immediately after, at 30 min, and at day 14, the T-VSC values were lower in the active rinse sequence than in the negative rinse sequence (p < 0.001, p < 0.001 and p < 0.05, respectively). At 30 min and at day 14, the hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and methyl mercaptan (MM) values were lower in the active rinse sequence compared to the inactive rinse sequence (p < 0.001). The inactive rinse sequence with tongue scraping reduced T-VSC at 30 min (p < 0.001) but not at 14 days. Similar reductions in T-VSC, H2S and MM were found in the active rinse sequence with or without tongue scraping. Conclusion. The use of a tongue scraper did not provide additional benefits to the active mouth rinse, but reduced OLS and tongue coating index.

  • 3.
    Adern, Bengt
    et al.
    Mälar Hosp, Dept Stomatognath Physiol, Dent Care Ctr, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Minston, Ava
    Inst Odontol, Dept Stomatognath Physiol, Jönköping, Sweden;Postgrad Dent Educ Ctr, Orofacial Pain & Jaw Funct, Klostergatan 26,Box 1126, S-70111 Örebro, Sweden.
    Nohlert, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.
    Tegelberg, Åke
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland. Postgrad Dent Educ Ctr, Orofacial Pain & Jaw Funct, Klostergatan 26,Box 1126, S-70111 Örebro, Sweden; Malmö Univ, Fac Odontol, Malmö, Sweden.
    Self-reportance of temporomandibular disorders in adult patients attending general dental practice in Sweden from 2011 to 20132018In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 76, no 7, p. 530-534Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The study aim was to evaluate the prevalence of self-reported temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and acceptance or nonacceptance of such disorders in adult patients attending all public dental health services in the County of Sormland, Sweden, during a 3-year period, 2011-2013.

    Methods: Two questions were asked about TMD and the voluntary mouth-opening capacity was measured. The results were registered in a score 0-3. The registration was completed with a question about each patient's acceptance or nonacceptance of their condition.

    Results: More than 73,000 registrations of the TMD condition were performed in general dental clinics from 2011 to 2013. The mean prevalence of a TMD score of 1-3 was 5% and was consistent over these years. Seventy percent of these patients were women. The peak prevalence of TMD was registered in patients aged 30-45years (38%), and the frequency declined in older age groups. Reduced voluntary mouth-opening capacity (<= 35 mm) was found in less than 2% of the participants. About one-fifth of the patients with a TMD-score of 1-3 did not accept their condition and wanted professional care. The frequency of nonacceptance of the condition increased with the severity of symptom score: 15%, 27%, and 49% for scores 1, 2, and 3, respectively.

    Conclusions: This study shows that the prevalence of self-reported TMD in adult patients was consistent from 2011 to 2013 and should be considered as a public health issue in Sweden. Patients with more severe TMD pain symptoms wanted care more frequent. The annual clinical calibrations should be continued to achieve an acceptable level of registration.

  • 4. Adern, Bengt
    et al.
    Minston, Ava
    Nohlert, Eva
    Tegelberg, Åke
    Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology.
    Self-reportance of temporomandibular disorders in adult patients attending general dental practice in Sweden from 2011 to 20132018In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 76, no 7, p. 530-534Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The study aim was to evaluate the prevalence of self-reported temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and acceptance or nonacceptance of such disorders in adult patients attending all public dental health services in the County of Sormland, Sweden, during a 3-year period, 2011-2013. Methods: Two questions were asked about TMD and the voluntary mouth-opening capacity was measured. The results were registered in a score 0-3. The registration was completed with a question about each patient's acceptance or nonacceptance of their condition. Results: More than 73,000 registrations of the TMD condition were performed in general dental clinics from 2011 to 2013. The mean prevalence of a TMD score of 1-3 was 5% and was consistent over these years. Seventy percent of these patients were women. The peak prevalence of TMD was registered in patients aged 30-45years (38%), and the frequency declined in older age groups. Reduced voluntary mouth-opening capacity (<= 35 mm) was found in less than 2% of the participants. About one-fifth of the patients with a TMD-score of 1-3 did not accept their condition and wanted professional care. The frequency of nonacceptance of the condition increased with the severity of symptom score: 15%, 27%, and 49% for scores 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Conclusions: This study shows that the prevalence of self-reported TMD in adult patients was consistent from 2011 to 2013 and should be considered as a public health issue in Sweden. Patients with more severe TMD pain symptoms wanted care more frequent. The annual clinical calibrations should be continued to achieve an acceptable level of registration.

  • 5. Adern, Bengt
    et al.
    Stenvinkel, Christer
    Sahlqvist, Lotta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning i Sörmland (CKFD).
    Tegelberg, Ake
    Prevalence of temporomandibular dysfunction and pain in adult general practice patients2014In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 72, no 8, p. 585-590Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To analyse the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders and related pain (TMD-pain) among adult recall patients in general dental practice. Materials and methods. From November 2006 to September 2008, all adults attending a Swedish Public Dental Service (PDS) clinic for recall examination were asked two standardized questions about temporomandibular pain and dysfunction. Mouth-opening capacity was measured. The responses to the questions and mouth-opening capacity were combined to give a TMD-pain score, on a scale of 0-3. The patients' acceptance of their TMD condition was also noted. Results. The subjects comprised 2837 adults (53% females, 47% men). Of the total sample, 4.9% reported a TMD-pain score of 1-3. The gender difference was significant: women predominated (p < 0.003). Forty-three per cent of those with TMD-pain scores of 1-3 (36% men, 47% women) considered that the condition warranted treatment, especially those registering a pain score (significant difference between pain and dysfunction groups, p < 0.000). Conclusions. The TMD-pain score shows promise as a useful instrument for detecting and recording TMD-pain. The prevalence of TMD disclosed in the study is high enough to be considered a public health concern. Most of the subjects with lower scores on the TMD-pain scale accepted their condition as not severe enough to require treatment.

  • 6. Adern, Bengt
    et al.
    Stenvinkel, Christer
    Sahlqvist, Lotta
    Tegelberg, Åke
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Prevalence of temporomandibular dysfunction and pain in adult general practice patients2014In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 72, no 8, p. 585-590Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To analyse the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders and related pain (TMD-pain) among adult recall patients in general dental practice. Materials and methods. From November 2006 to September 2008, all adults attending a Swedish Public Dental Service (PDS) clinic for recall examination were asked two standardized questions about temporomandibular pain and dysfunction. Mouth-opening capacity was measured. The responses to the questions and mouth-opening capacity were combined to give a TMD-pain score, on a scale of 0-3. The patients' acceptance of their TMD condition was also noted. Results. The subjects comprised 2837 adults (53% females, 47% men). Of the total sample, 4.9% reported a TMD-pain score of 1-3. The gender difference was significant: women predominated (p < 0.003). Forty-three per cent of those with TMD-pain scores of 1-3 (36% men, 47% women) considered that the condition warranted treatment, especially those registering a pain score (significant difference between pain and dysfunction groups, p < 0.000). Conclusions. The TMD-pain score shows promise as a useful instrument for detecting and recording TMD-pain. The prevalence of TMD disclosed in the study is high enough to be considered a public health concern. Most of the subjects with lower scores on the TMD-pain scale accepted their condition as not severe enough to require treatment.

  • 7. Agdal, Maren Lillehaug
    et al.
    Raadal, Magne
    Öst, Lars-Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Skaret, Erik
    Quality-of-life before and after cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in patients with intra-oral injection phobia2012In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 70, no 6, p. 463-470Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To evaluate quality-of-life (QoL), before and after cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in patients diagnosed with intra-oral injection phobia according to DSM-IV and to compare with the general population. This study also aimed to evaluate if QoL was associated with self-reported injection anxiety, dental anxiety, time since last dental treatment and oral health. Materials and methods. Subjects were 55 patients (mean age 35.5 +/- 12.2, 78.2% women) who participated in a treatment study in which 89% managed an intra-oral injection at 1 year follow-up. The patients completed a set of questionnaires including Quality of Life Inventory (QOLI), Injection Phobia Scale-Anxiety, Dental Anxiety Scale and a single-item question assessing self-perceived oral health. Objective measures of oral health and treatment needs were based on clinical examination. QOLI-scores from a non-clinical sample were used for comparison. Results. Before treatment the general and health specific QoL were lower among intra-oral injection phobics than in the non-clinical sample. At 1 year follow-up the QoL in general had improved significantly and was similar to that of the non-clinical sample. Poor self-reported oral health and long-term avoidance of dental treatment were associated with lower general and health-specific QoL. Self-reported injection anxiety and dental anxiety were not associated with QoL. Conclusions. Patients with intra-oral injection phobia report lower QoL compared with a general population. Phobia treatment seems to increase QoL to normative levels. Self-perceived poor oral health is associated with reduced QoL in these patients.

  • 8. Ahlqwist, M
    et al.
    Bengtsson, C
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hägglin, C
    Dental status of women in a 24-year longitudinal and cross-sectional study: Results from a population study of women in Göteborg.1999In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 57, no 3, p. 162-167Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9. Ahmed, Naveen
    et al.
    Anca, Catrina I.
    Mustafa, Hamid
    Petersson, Arne
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Alstergren, Per
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Tumor necrosis factor mediates temporomandibular joint bone tissue resorption in rheumatoid arthritis2015In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 73, no 3, p. 232-240Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate if TNF, IL-1 or their endogenous controls, in relation to ACPA, are associated with radiological signs of ongoing temporomandibular joint (TMJ) bone tissue resorption and disc displacement in RA patients. METHODS: Twenty-two consecutive outpatients with TMJ of RA were included. Systemic inflammatory activity was assessed by DAS28. The number of painful regions in the body and ESR, CRP, RF and ACPA were analyzed. TMJ synovial fluid and blood samples were obtained and analyzed for TNF, TNFsRII, IL-1ra, IL-1sRII and ACPA. The ratios between the mediators and their endogenous control receptors were used in the statistical analysis. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed in closed- and open-mouth positions and evaluated regarding disc position and presence of condylar and temporal erosions of the TMJ. RESULTS: A high TNF level in relation to TNFsRII in TMJ synovial fluid correlated to the degree of TMJ condylar erosion. A high IL-1ra level in relation to TNF in TMJ synovial fluid was also correlated to the degree of TMJ condylar erosion. The total degree of TMJ condylar erosion was correlated with the number of painful regions. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that TNF in TMJ synovial fluid mediates TMJ cartilage and bone tissue resorption in RA. The study also suggests that the degree of endogenous cytokine control is of importance for development of bone tissue destruction.

  • 10. Al-Khotani, Amal
    et al.
    Björnsson, Olof
    Naimi-Akbar, Aron
    Christidis, Nikolaos
    Alstergren, Per
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Study on self-assessment regarding knowledge of temporomandibular disorders in children/adolescents by Swedish and Saudi Arabian dentists2015In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 73, no 7, p. 522-529Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To estimate the degree of self-assessed knowledge among dentists in Sweden and Saudi Arabia regarding temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in children and adolescents using a summative form of assessment and further to investigate the possible factors that may influence the self-assessed knowledge. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire survey covering four domains (Etiology; Diagnosis and classification; Chronic pain and pain behavior; Treatment and prognosis) regarding TMD knowledge was used. Out of 250 questionnaires (125 in each country) a total of 65 (52%) were returned in Sweden and 104 (83%) in Saudi Arabia. RESULTS: Self-assessed individual knowledge was significantly associated to the level of actual knowledge among the Swedish groups in the domains Etiology; Diagnosis and classification and Treatment and prognosis (p < 0.05). However, in the Saudi Arabian groups a corresponding significant association was only found in the domain Diagnosis and classification (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that there is a difference in the accuracy of self-assessment of own knowledge between the dentists in Sweden and Saudi Arabia. The Swedish dentists have a better ability to assess their level of knowledge compared to Saudi Arabian dentists regarding TMD in children and adolescents. This difference could be related to several factors such as motivation, positive feedback, reflection, psychomotor, and interpersonal skills, which all are more dominant in the Swedish educational tradition.

  • 11.
    Alotaibi, Mohammad
    et al.
    Trinity College Dublin, IRE.
    Moran, Gary
    Dublin Dental University Hospital, IRE.
    Grufferty, Brendan
    Trinity College Dublin, IRE.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    Polyzois, Ioannis
    Trinity College Dublin, IRE.
    The effect of a decontamination protocol on contaminated titanium dental implant surfaces with different surface topography in edentulous patients2018In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To investigate if it is possible to achieve complete decontamination of dental implant surfaces with different surface characteristics. Materials and methods: Twelve implant pieces with an Osseotite® surface and 12 implant pieces with a Ti-Unite® surface were attached on to the complete lower dentures of six patients and were allowed to accumulate plaque for 30 days. When retrieved, the implant decontamination protocol used, involved both mechanical (PeriBrush™) and chemical (3% H2O2) decontamination. The number of colony forming units per millilitre was determined and the dominant micro-organisms in selected samples was identified by 16s rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. The effect of the titanium brush on the implant surface was examined by SEM. Results: Complete decontamination was achieved in five out of 24 implants (four Osseotite® and one Ti-Unite®). The mean CFU/ml detected after decontamination were 464.48 for Osseotite® and 729.09 for Ti-Unite® implants. On the surface of the implants in which complete decontamination was not achieved, all of the predominant bacteria identified were streptococci except for one which was identified as micrococcus. SEM images revealed that the surface features of the decontaminated implants were not significantly altered. Conclusions: Mechanical decontamination using a titanium brush supplemented with chemical treatment for one minute (3% H2O2) can achieve complete decontamination of implant surfaces in edentulous patients. © 2018, © 2018 Acta Odontologica Scandinavica Society.

  • 12.
    Alotaibi, Mohammad
    et al.
    Irland.
    Moran, Gary
    Irland.
    Grufferty, Brendan
    Irland.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research environment Oral Health - Public Health - Quality of Life (OHAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för oral hälsa.
    Polyzois, Ioannis
    Irland.
    The effect of a decontamination protocol on contaminated titanium dental implant surfaces with different surface topography in edentulous patients.2019In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 77, no 1, p. 66-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: To investigate if it is possible to achieve complete decontamination of dental implant surfaces with different surface characteristics.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve implant pieces with an Osseotite® surface and 12 implant pieces with a Ti-Unite® surface were attached on to the complete lower dentures of six patients and were allowed to accumulate plaque for 30 days. When retrieved, the implant decontamination protocol used, involved both mechanical (PeriBrush™) and chemical (3% H2O2) decontamination. The number of colony forming units per millilitre was determined and the dominant micro-organisms in selected samples was identified by 16s rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. The effect of the titanium brush on the implant surface was examined by SEM.

    RESULTS: Complete decontamination was achieved in five out of 24 implants (four Osseotite® and one Ti-Unite®). The mean CFU/ml detected after decontamination were 464.48 for Osseotite® and 729.09 for Ti-Unite® implants. On the surface of the implants in which complete decontamination was not achieved, all of the predominant bacteria identified were streptococci except for one which was identified as micrococcus. SEM images revealed that the surface features of the decontaminated implants were not significantly altered.

    CONCLUSIONS: Mechanical decontamination using a titanium brush supplemented with chemical treatment for one minute (3% H2O2) can achieve complete decontamination of implant surfaces in edentulous patients.

  • 13. Alstergren, P
    et al.
    Kopp, S
    Theodorsson, Elvar
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, Clinical Chemistry. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Department of Clinical Chemistry.
    Synovial fluid sampling fromthe temporomandibular joint: sample quality criteria and levels of interleukin-1 beta and serotonin.1999In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 57, p. 16-22Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Anastassaki, Alkisti
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Magnusson, Tomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Patients referred to a specialist clinic because of suspected temporomandibular disorders: a survey of 3194 patients in respect of diagnoses, treatments, and treatment outcome.2004In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 62, no 4, p. 183-192Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims were to study the patient population at a temporomandibular disorders (TMD) specialist clinic over time, and to try to find variables of importance for treatment outcome. The material consisted of 3194 consecutive patients who were referred to the clinic and underwent a clinical examination during the period 1995-2002. A number of patient and treatment-related variables that had been collected in an electronic database were analyzed retrospectively. The age and sex distribution of the present patient material was in line with several previous investigations of TMD patients. The mean age of both men and women was 42 years, and there was a large preponderance of women. A vast majority of the patients responded positively, and in few visits, on traditional conservative treatment methods. In line with previous studies, no strong predictors for treatment outcome were found. However, the diagnoses of disk displacement without reduction, arthritis in TMJs, and myalgia in masticatory muscles were predictors for a significant improvement, while the diagnosis orofacial pain of unspecified origin predicted a poorer prognosis.

  • 15.
    Anastassaki Köhler, Alkisti
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Magnusson, Tomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Prevalence of symptoms indicative of temporomandibular disorders in adults: cross-sectional epidemiological investigations covering two decades2012In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 70, no 3, p. 213-223Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives. The aims were (1) to study possible secular trends in the prevalence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms in adults and (2) to analyse possible associations between TMD symptoms and background factors. Materials and methods. The investigation has a repeated cross-sectional design. Three independent, randomly selected samples of 100 individuals in the age groups of 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 and 70 years, a total of 1704 subjects, participated in the Jönköping studies in 1983, 1993 and 2003. All the subjects were evaluated using a questionnaire and a structured interview relating to the presence of TMD symptoms. Associations between symptoms and the Anamnestic Dysfunction Index (Ai) as dependent variables and each of the independent variables, age group, gender, reported bruxism, trauma (1983), self-perceived health impairment and the year of investigation were analysed in binary logistic regression models. Results. The prevalence of the separate symptoms, apart from for TMJ clicking, did not vary to any statistically significant degree between the different examination years. However, the prevalence of recurrent headache in 20-year-old subjects rose remarkably in 2003 and an increase in the Ai I and Ai II for the whole population was observed during the 20-year period. Reported bruxism, which increased during the study period, and self-perceived health impairment were associated with most of the TMD symptoms and the Ai. Conclusions. An increase in the prevalence of TMD symptoms expressed as Anamnestic Dysfunction Index I and II has been noted over a 20-year period.

  • 16.
    Anderson, Maria
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Publ Dent Hlth Serv, Sweden; Ctr Pediat Oral Hlth, Sweden.
    Davidson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Health Care Analysis. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Dahllof, Goran
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Ctr Pediat Oral Hlth, Sweden.
    Grindefjord, Margaret
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Publ Dent Hlth Serv, Sweden; Ctr Pediat Oral Hlth, Sweden.
    Economic evaluation of an expanded caries-preventive program targeting toddlers in high-risk areas in Sweden2019In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 77, no 4, p. 303-309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To economically evaluate a caries-preventive program "Stop Caries Stockholm" (SCS) where a standard program is supplemented with biannual applications of fluoride varnish in toddlers and compared it with the standard preventive program. Material and methods: Data from the cluster randomized controlled field trial SCS including 3403 children, conducted in multicultural areas with low socioeconomic status was used. The difference in mean caries increment between the examinations; when the toddlers were 1 and 3 years old, was outcome measure of the intervention. The program was evaluated from a societal as well as a dental health care perspective. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) was calculated as the incremental cost for each defs prevented. Results: Average dental health care costs per child at age 3 years were EUR 95.77 for the supplemental intervention and EUR 70.52 for the standard intervention. The ICER was EUR 280.56 from a dental health care perspective and EUR 468.67 and considered high. Conclusions: The supplemental caries intervention program was not found to be cost-effective. The program raised costs without significantly reducing caries development. A better alternative use of the resources is recommended. Trial registration: (ISRCTN35086887).

  • 17.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Research Center, Public Dental Service, Region Västra Götaland.
    Abrahamsson, Kajsa H.
    Department of Periodontology, Institute of Odontology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
    Psychometric properties of the Dental Hygienist Anxiety Scale in a group of general dental patients2013In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 71, no 3-4, p. 877-882Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective.  The aim of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Dental Hygienist Anxiety Scale (DHAS) in a sample of adult general dental patients.  Materials and methods.  The DHAS is a questionnaire adapted to assess fear and anxiety of dental hygienist (DH) treatment. The DHAS contains four items and the sum of scores range from 4 (no anxiety) to 20 (extreme fear). A convenient sample of 80 patients in treatment at two DH programs in Sweden were consecutively included in the study. The DHAS was distributed together with questions regarding self-perceived oral health and experience of dental care at the first visit after a clinical examination performed by a DH. Re-test assessments of DHAS were conducted ∼ 2 weeks later in conjunction with the next visit to the DH before treatment (scaling session).  Results.  The results verified a significant positive correlation between the average DHAS sum of scores and global fear of DH and dentist treatment, perceived pain during the last DH treatment and female gender. The DHAS sum of scores had a high internal consistency, Cronbach's  coefficient of 0.89 and 0.87 at the first and at the second assessment, respectively. The test-re-test reliability of the DHAS sum of scores was acceptable, with an intra-class coefficient of 0.82 and Kappa coefficients between 0.49-0.78 for the four single items in the DHAS. Conclusions.  These results suggest that the DHAS has acceptable psychometric proprieties and is a valid and reliable scale to assess anxiety in DH treatment.

  • 18.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och Folkhälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Oral Health - Public Health - Quality of Life.
    Johannsen, Annsofi
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Dental patients' perceptions and motivation in smoking cessation activities2016In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 74, no 4, p. 285-290Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective

    The aim of the present study was to investigate smokers' perceptions of and motivation for smoking cessation activities in dentistry.

    Materials and methods

    Patients who smoked were consecutively recruited from general as well as specialist dental care clinics in Sweden. After a dental visit the patients completed a questionnaire about self-perceived oral health, smoking habits, motivation, reasons to quit and not to quit smoking, support to quit, smoking cessation activities and questions about smoking asked by dentists and dental hygienists.

    Results

    The sample consisted of 167 adult patients (≥ 20 years) who smoked daily. During the last 6 months, 81% of the patients had experienced oral health problems. The most common complaints were discolourations of the teeth, periodontal problems and dry mouth (38%, 36% and 33%, respectively). Improved general health was a major reason to quit smoking (89%). It was also stated that it was important to avoid oral health problems. 71% of the patients preferred to quit by themselves and 16% wanted support from dentistry. High motivation to quit smoking was reported by 20%. Occurrence of periodontitis during the last 6 months was significantly associated with being highly motivated to stop smoking (OR = 3.0, 95% CI = 1.03-8.55).

    Conclusions

    This study revealed that, although it was important to quit smoking to avoid oral health problems, the patients were not aware that tobacco cessation activities can be performed in dentistry. Periodontal problems seem to be the most motivating factor among the patients who were highly motivated to stop smoking.

  • 19.
    Andersson-Wenckert, Ingrid
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Odontology, Pediatric Dentistry.
    Sunnegårdh-Grönberg, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Odontology, Cariology.
    Flowable resin composite as a class II restorative in primary molars: A two-year clinical evaluation.2006In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 64, no 6, p. 334-340Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical durability of flowable resin composite and resin-modified glass ionomer cement when used as class II restoratives in primary molars. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 190 restorations were placed in 61 children, age in the range of 5-11 years. The restoratives, Tetric Flow, in combination with the adhesives, Excite or Prompt-L-Pop and Vitremer, were used in class II cavities in primary molars. An intra-individual study design was used and the restorations were evaluated by modified USPHS criteria over a 2-year period. RESULTS: 146 of the restorations could be evaluated at 2 years. The cumulative failure rate was 10.6% for Vitremer and 13.6% for Tetric Flow. No statistically significant differences were found in failure rates between different materials or between bonding systems. The main cause of failure for Tetric Flow was secondary caries and for Vitremer wear and dissolution. CONCLUSIONS: Vitremer and Tetric Flow showed no significant difference concerning clinical durability at 2 years when used as class II restoratives in primary molars. Both materials demonstrated acceptable clinical results.

  • 20.
    André Kramer, Ann-Catrin André
    et al.
    Public Dental Service, Region Västra Götaland.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Petzold, Max
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    Demographic factors and dental health of Swedish children and adolescents2016In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 74, no 3, p. 178-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the dental health of Swedish children and adolescents with reference to age, gender and residence.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: Electronic dental records from 300,988 3-19-year-olds in one Swedish region were derived in a cross-sectional study in years 2007-2009. The DMFT system was used. Age was categorized into 3-6/7-9/10-12/13-15/16-17/18-19-year-olds and residence into 'metropolitan', 'urban' and 'rural' areas. ANOVA, generalized linear regression models and Fisher's exact test were used.

    RESULTS: Among 7-9-year-old children, nine out of 10 were free from fillings and manifest caries, while for 18-19-year-olds; this proportion was one third. Girls (18-19-year-olds) had a significantly lower risk of caries compared to boys of the same age, RR for the DT index = 0.83 (95% CI = 0.81-0.85). This pattern was reversed in 7-12-year-old children. Children and adolescents in metropolitan and urban areas had significantly more caries than subjects in rural areas, for instance the RR for the DT index in metropolitan 7-9-year-olds was 2.26 (95% CI = 2.11-2.42) compared to their rural counterparts.

    CONCLUSIONS: In the permanent dentition, the overall pattern revealed that girls ≤ 12 years had a higher risk of caries, while adolescent girls had a lower risk of caries, both compared with boys of corresponding ages. Living in an urban or metropolitan area entailed a higher risk of caries than living in a rural area. A greater occurrence of dental caries in adolescents than in children was confirmed. The findings should have implications for planning and evaluation of oral health promotion and disease prevention activities.

  • 21. Axelsson, Susanna
    et al.
    Dahlgren, Helena
    Holm, Anna-Karin
    Kallestål, Carina
    Lagerlöf, Folke
    Lingström, Peter
    Nordenram, Gunilla
    Norlund, Anders
    Petersson, Lars
    Söder, Birgitta
    Twetman, Svante
    Mejàre, Ingegerd
    Caries-preventive effect of fluoride toothpaste: a systematic review2003In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 61, no 6, p. 347-355Article, review/survey (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    With a questionnaire addressed to general dental practitioners in Sweden, the Swedish Council on Technology Assessment in Health Care launched a project group in 1999 to systematically review and evaluate the existing literature on various caries preventive methods. The aim of this article was to report findings concerning the caries preventive effect of fluoride toothpastes in various age groups, with special emphasis on fluoride concentration and supervised versus non-supervised brushing. A systematic search in electronic databases for articles published between 1966 and April 2003 was conducted with the inclusion criteria of a randomized or controlled clinical trial, at least 2 years follow-up and caries increment in the permanent (DMFS/T) or primary (dmfs/t) dentition as endpoint. Out of 905 articles originally identified, 54 met the inclusion criteria. These studies were assessed independently by at least two reviewers and scored A-C according to predetermined criteria for methodology and performance. The measure of effect was the prevented fraction (PF), expressed as percent. The results revealed strong evidence (level 1) (i) for the caries preventive effect of daily use of fluoride toothpaste compared to placebo in the young permanent dentition (PF 24.9%), (ii) that toothpastes with 1,500 ppm of fluoride had a superior preventive effect compared with standard dentifrices with 1,000 ppm F in the young permanent dentition (PF 9.7%), and (iii) that higher caries reductions were recorded in studies with supervised toothbrushing compared with non-supervised (PF 23.3%). However, incomplete evidence (level 4) was found regarding the effect of fluoride toothpaste in the primary dentition. In conclusion, this review reinforced the importance of daily toothbrushing with fluoridated toothpastes for preventing dental caries, although long-term studies in age groups other than children and adolescents are still lacking.

  • 22. Axelsson, Susanna
    et al.
    Dahlgren, Helena
    Holm, Anna-karin
    Kallestål, Carina
    Lagerlöf, Folke
    Lingström, Peter
    Nordenram, Gunilla
    Norlund, Anders
    Petersson, Lars
    Söder, Birgitta
    Twetman, Svante
    Mejàre, Ingegerd
    Caries-preventive Effect of Sodium Fluoride Mouthrinses: A Systematic Review of Controlled Clinical Trials2004In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 62, no 4, p. 223-230Article, review/survey (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Council on Technology Assessment in Health Care launched a project group in 1999 to systematically review and evaluate the existing literature on different caries-preventive methods. The aim of this article was to report the findings concerning the caries-preventive effect of fluoride mouthrinses (FMRs) in various age groups, with special reference to background fluorides. A systematic search in electronic databases for literature published between 1966 and August 2003 was conducted with the inclusion criteria of a randomized or controlled clinical trial, at least 2 years' follow-up, and caries increment in the permanent dentition (DeltaDMFS/T) as endpoint. Out of 174 articles originally identified, 62 met the inclusion criteria. These studies were assessed independently by at least two reviewers and scored A-C according to predetermined criteria for methodology and performance. The measure of effect was the prevented fraction (PF) expressed as percent. The level of evidence was based on 25 articles. The results revealed limited evidence (evidence level 3) for the caries-preventive effect (PF 29%) of daily or weekly sodium fluoride rinses compared with placebo in permanent teeth of schoolchildren and adolescents with no additional fluoride exposure and for a caries-preventive effect on root caries in older adults. Inconclusive evidence (evidence level 4) was found regarding the effect of FMRs in schoolchildren and adolescents exposed to additional fluoride sources such as daily use of fluoride toothpaste. No firm support for the use of FMRs was disclosed in a small number of studies designed for patients at caries risk. Furthermore, no association between the frequency of the rinses and prevented fraction or saved surfaces per year was found. In conclusion, this systematic review suggests that sodium fluoride mouthrinses may have an anti-caries effect in children with limited background of fluoride exposure, while its additional effect in children with daily use of fluoride toothpaste could be questioned. The need for further clinical trials to elucidate the effect of FMRs in risk patients and older adults is emphasized.

  • 23. Axelsson, Susanna
    et al.
    Söder, Birgitta
    Nordenram, Gunilla
    Petersson, Lars G
    Dahlgren, Helen
    Norlund, Anders
    Källestal, Carina
    Lingström, Peter
    Lagerlöf, Folke
    Holm, Anna-Karin
    Mejàre, Ingegerd
    Twetman, Svante
    Effect of Combined Caries-preventive Methods: A Systematic Review of Controlled Clinical Trials2004In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 62, no 3, p. 163-169Article, review/survey (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the caries-preventive effect of combined caries-preventive methods, defined as two or more different interventions in combination, each expected to prevent dental caries. The Medline database was searched for articles published in the period January 1966 to June 2003. Twenty-four controlled studies met the inclusion criteria, and their value as evidence was assessed ac-cording to predetermined criteria. The level of evidence for the overall conclusion regarding each method was graded according to the proto-col of the Swedish Council on Technology Assessment in Health Care. The scientific evidence for the combination of treatments involving fluoride that had a preventive effect on caries in children and adoles-cents was graded as moderate. However, for elderly patients the scien-tific evidence for the caries-preventive effect of different combinations of treatments was found to be incomplete. No conclusion could be drawn regarding the evidence for combinations of treatments being effective for groups at high caries risk, as the results from the identi-fied clinical studies were conflicting.

  • 24. Ayala-Luis, Joselyn
    et al.
    Johansson, Veronica
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Sampogna, Francesca
    Axtelius, Björn
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Söderfeldt, Björn
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    A multivariable analysis of patient dental satisfaction and oral health-related quality-of-life: A cross-sectional study based on DVSS and OHIP-142014In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 72, no 3, p. 187-193Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. The aim of this paper was to study the association between dental satisfaction and oral health-related quality-of-life (OHRQoL) when controlling for individual, clinical and psychological factors. Materials. Secondary analysis was conducted using data from a large study carried out in the Swedish region of Varmland in 2004. The questionnaire included demographic variables, clinical assessment and the following instruments: the Dental Visit Satisfaction Scale (DVSS), the short version of Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) and a modified version of the revised helping alliance questionnaire. Internal consistency analysis was undertaken on the instruments to assess reliability; bivariate comparisons were assessed to compare DVSS scores with individual factors (age, gender and education). In addition, a three step hierarchical multiple regression analysis was performed with DVSS as a dependent variable. Results. Data were completed for 485 randomly selected patients. The mean age of participants was 43.5 years, 54.6% were women, and 41.2% had high education. The median DVSS score was 48 (range 10-50) and the median OHIP was 3.0 (range 0-56). All the instruments showed good reliability. Bivariate analysis showed that females were more satisfied than males (p <= 0.01) and patients of 50 years or older were more satisfied than the younger ones (p <= 0.05). Finally, the following variables explained 31% of the variance of being very satisfied with dental visit: a good OHRQoL and patients' positive perceptions of the relationship with their care provider. Conclusion. This study showed positive associations between dental satisfaction and OHRQoL when controlling for related factors. The result suggests that care providers should take into account the various dimensions of OHRQoL rather than use only clinical measurements when they evaluate patient satisfaction.

  • 25.
    Barzangi, Jir
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. Department of Specialist Dental Care, Västmanland County Council, Västerås, Sweden; Postgraduate Dental Education Center, Public Dental Health Service, Örebro, Sweden.
    Arnrup, Kristina
    University Health Care Research Center (UFC), Örebro, Sweden.
    Unell, Lennart
    School of Health Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; Postgraduate Dental Education Center, Public Dental Health Service, Örebro, Sweden.
    Skovdahl, Kirsti
    Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, University of South-Eastern Norway, Drammen, Norway.
    Experiences and perceptions of infant dental enucleation among Somali immigrants in Sweden: a phenomenographic study2019In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 77, no 8, p. 566-573Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim of this study was to explore and describe ways of experiencing and perceiving the Eastern African practice of infant dental enucleation (IDE) among immigrants of Somali origin living in Sweden.

    Material and methods: Six informants, three men and three women aged 26-54 years, were recruited for semi-structured individual interviews. Phenomenographic analysis of the interview transcripts was performed.

    Findings: Informants described four ways of experiencing and perceiving IDE: as an effective, necessary treatment; as a disputed tradition; as an alternative to failure; and as a desperate measure. The experiences and perceptions were highly influenced by the contexts the informants had been in, namely, communities in which traditional treatments were used frequently, in which other people were influential over their daily lives, and in which negative experiences of formal health care were common, as well as other difficult circumstances beyond the informants' individual control.

    Conclusions: The findings contribute to deepened understanding of IDE and the importance of context to the practice of it. Further, the findings deepen understanding of the decision to have the practice performed on infants, which may help dental and health care personnel to adequately communicate with individuals of Somali origin about the harmfulness of IDE.

  • 26.
    Barzangi, Jir
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Publ Dent Serv, Västmanland Cty Council, Västerås, Sweden.
    Unell, Lennart
    Örebro University Hospital. Sch Hlth & Med Sci, Univ Örebro, Örebro, Sweden.
    Söderfeldt, Björn
    Publ Dent Serv, Postgrad Dent Educ Ctr, Örebro Cty Council, Örebro, Sweden; Fac Odontol, Dept Oral Publ Hlth, Malmö Univ, Malmö, Sweden .
    Arnrup, Kristina
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Örebro University Hospital. Publ Dent Serv, Postgrad Dent Educ Ctr, Örebro Cty Council, Örebro, Sweden.
    Infant dental enucleation: A literature review on a traditional remedial practice in East Africa2014In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 72, no 3, p. 168-178Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To summarize and review the literature on infant dental enucleation, a traditional remedial procedure prevalent mainly in East Africa.

    Materials and methods. Literature searches were made electronically using general and specialized search engines. The main search was performed through a systematic strategy in PubMed, comprising tabulated keywords, search codes, and translated and transliterated terms. Criteria for the selection of studies were designed to provide a general understanding of the procedure. The findings were synthesized into two sections: a summary of the population prevalence studies, and a thematic literature review.

    Results. An overview of the known prevalence and clinical specifications was established. Insight was gained into the purpose of the procedure and the factors influencing its performance. Diverging suggestions were seen with regard to the rationale for use of infant dental enucleation between different populations. Moreover, reports of complications and consequences involving the general health and the dentoalveolar structures of patients were examined.

    Conclusions. Prevalence, clinical features and risks of infant dental enucleation point to a need for greater awareness of the procedure. Further, there is a need for specific guidelines regarding management of suspected cases within dental and healthcare communities.

  • 27. Barzangi, Jir
    et al.
    Unell, Lennart
    Söderfeldt, Björn
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Arnrup, Kristina
    Infant dental enucleation: A literature review on a traditional remedial practice in East Africa2014In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 72, no 3, p. 168-178Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To summarize and review the literature on infant dental enucleation, a traditional remedial procedure prevalent mainly in East Africa. Materials and methods. Literature searches were made electronically using general and specialized search engines. The main search was performed through a systematic strategy in PubMed, comprising tabulated keywords, search codes, and translated and transliterated terms. Criteria for the selection of studies were designed to provide a general understanding of the procedure. The findings were synthesized into two sections: a summary of the population prevalence studies, and a thematic literature review. Results. An overview of the known prevalence and clinical specifications was established. Insight was gained into the purpose of the procedure and the factors influencing its performance. Diverging suggestions were seen with regard to the rationale for use of infant dental enucleation between different populations. Moreover, reports of complications and consequences involving the general health and the dentoalveolar structures of patients were examined. Conclusions. Prevalence, clinical features and risks of infant dental enucleation point to a need for greater awareness of the procedure. Further, there is a need for specific guidelines regarding management of suspected cases within dental and healthcare communities.

  • 28.
    Bay, Bjorn
    et al.
    Institute of Odontology, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Hilliges, Marita
    Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS).
    Weidner, Christian
    Department of Physiology 1, University of Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany.
    Sandborgh-Englund, Gunilla
    Institute of Odontology, Karolinska Institutet, P.O. Box 4064, SE-141 04 Huddinge, Sweden.
    Response of human oral mucosa and skin to histamine provocation: laser Doppler perfusion imaging discloses differences in the nociceptive nervous system2009In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 67, no 2, p. 99-105Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To investigate the existence of histamine-excitable nerve fibers in the oral mucosa and to compare the response to histamine provocation in healthy volunteers with that in a small group of patients with chronic oral pain. Material and methods. Thirteen healthy volunteers and six patients suffering from chronic oral pain took part in the study. Blood perfusion was monitored in the hard palate, the tongue, and the skin of the cheek using laser Doppler perfusion imaging (Perimed; Sweden). Baseline scannings were performed, followed by 15 scannings after iontophoresis of histamine (1%). A free description of the sensations was then obtained from the participants after finishing the measurements. Results. Compared to pre-histamine scanning, histamine application resulted in a considerable increase in blood perfusion in all regions (p0.001) that was significantly higher in skin than in oral mucosa (p0.001). There were no significant differences between the healthy volunteers and the patients regarding baseline blood flow, increased blood perfusion, or flare size after histamine provocation. The sensory impression was reported to be more persistent and intense in the skin than in the oral mucosa. No effect on mucosa could be detected by visual inspection. Conclusions. Intra-oral flare could be induced by activating histamine-excitable nerve fibers. Both duration and intensity of the flare were considerably less pronounced than in the control skin site. Histamine application was not clearly associated with itch.

  • 29. Bayat, Jari Taghavi
    et al.
    Hallberg, Ulrika
    Lindblad, Frank
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Uppsala University.
    Huggare, Jan
    Mohlin, Bengt
    Daily life impact of malocclusion in Swedish adolescents: A grounded theory study2013In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 71, no 3-4, p. 792-798Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To explore how malocclusions affect daily life in adolescents and how adolescents cope with malocclusion-related distress. Materials and methods. Twelve strategically selected teenagers, seven girls and five boys aged 13-14 years, participated in this study. Open, tape-recorded in-depth interviews based on Focus Group Discussions (FGD) were performed using a theme guide and analyzed according to the qualitative method of classic grounded theory (GT). Results. A core category was identified and named 'Repeatedly reminded of the malocclusion'. Associated to the core category, five categories were generated and labeled 'Being directed by the media's ideal image', 'Monitoring others' teeth', 'Struggling with low self-esteem', 'Hiding one's teeth' and 'Striving for cure'. Low self-esteem appeared to be frequently reinforced through the concerns for the malocclusion and handled via different coping strategies, such as hiding the teeth and striving to receive orthodontic treatment. Such processes were further enforced through the influence of media. Low self-esteem could be associated to a visible malposition of teeth, according to the informants. Having to wait for orthodontic treatment was frustrating the adolescents. Conclusions. Adolescents with malocclusion are often reminded of their condition, which can lead to avoiding strategies to minimize the negative feelings associated with the teeth and low self-esteem. Clinicians may therefore need to be aware of potential irrational behaviors when interacting with adolescents with malocclusions. The findings also suggest that there might be a discrepancy of attitudes between professionals focusing on oral health aspects of malocclusions and the adolescents focusing on esthetic aspects.

  • 30.
    Bayat, Jari Taghavi
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Dent Med, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Huggare, Jan
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Dent Med, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Akrami, Nazar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Distinguishing between global and dental self-esteem in evaluating malocclusions2019In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 77, no 6, p. 452-456Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: When dealing with the impact of malocclusion on self-esteem, the terms global and dental self-esteem are sometimes used. Although these terms are related to one another, they do not depict the same concept. The aims of this paper were to explore if the two forms of self-esteem are distinguishable, to find out if they represent different factors, and to investigate how they are related to malocclusion. Materials and methods: A sample consisting of 150 adolescents, aged 13 years, completed self-assessed measures of Dental and Global Self-Esteem. Orthodontic treatment need for each individual was assessed by the Dental Health Component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN-DHC). Data were analysed by factor analyses and a 5 (IOTN-DHC grades) by 2 (global vs. dental self-esteem) ANOVA, with the IOTN-DHC grades as the independent and self-esteem (repeated measure) as the dependent variables. Results: The factor analyses showed that the two forms of self-esteem, based on the measures, are distinguishable. More importantly, the results of the ANOVA revealed that Dental and Global Self-Esteem are differentially related to IOTN-DHC. Specifically, Dental Self-Esteem varied across IOTN-DHC scale while Global Self-Esteem did not. There was no effect of gender. Conclusions: Dental self-esteem is related to malocclusion while global self-esteem is not. These findings have implications in areas where the predictive power of dental self-esteem needs to be considered.

  • 31.
    Bengtsson, Viveca Wallin
    et al.
    Univ Kristianstad, SE-29188 Kristianstad, Sweden..
    Persson, G. Rutger
    Univ Kristianstad, SE-29188 Kristianstad, Sweden.;Univ Washington, Dept Periodont, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Dept Oral Med, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Berglund, Johan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health. Blekinge Inst Technol, Sch Hlth Sci, Karlskrona, Sweden..
    Renvert, Stefan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Health.
    A cross-sectional study of the associations between periodontitis and carotid arterial calcifications in an elderly population2016In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 74, no 2, p. 115-120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To evaluate if the presence of periodontitis is associated with carotid arterial calcifications diagnosed on panoramic radiographs in an elderly population. Materials and methods. Study individuals were randomly selected from the Swedish civil registration database representing the aging population (60-96 years) in Karlskrona, Sweden. Bleeding on probing (BOP) and the deepest probing measurement at each tooth were registered. The proportions of teeth with a probing depth 5 mm and the proportion of teeth with bleeding on probing were calculated. Analog panoramic radiographs were taken and the proportion of sites with a distance 5 mm between the alveolar bone level and the cement-enamel junction (CEJ) were assessed. A diagnosis of periodontitis was declared if a distance between the alveolar bone level and the CEJ 5 mm could be identified from the panoramic radiographs at >10% of sites, probing depth of 5 mm at one tooth or more and with BOP at >20% of teeth. Results. Readable radiographs were obtained from 499 individuals. Carotid calcification was identified in 39.1%. Individuals were diagnosed with periodontitis in 18.4%. Data analysis demonstrated that individuals with periodontitis had a higher prevalence of carotid calcifications (Pearson (2) = 4.05 p < 0.05) and with a likelihood of 1.5 (95% CI = 1.0, 2.3, p < 0.05). Conclusions. Data analysis demonstrated a significant association between periodontitis and carotid calcification.

  • 32. Bengtsson, VW
    et al.
    Persson, Rutger
    Renvert, Stefan
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Health.
    Assessment of carotid calcifications on panoramic radiographs in relation to other used methods and relationship to periodontitis and stroke: a literature review2014In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 72, no 6, p. 401-412Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives. To assess the literature on carotid calcifications defined from panoramic radiographs (PMX) and concurrent diagnosis of stroke and periodontitis. Materials and methods. A literature search screening for publications using search terms such as PMX and carotid calcification, stroke and periodontitis was performed in November 2012. Results. A total of 189 articles were retrieved, among which 30 were included in the review. The sensitivity for PMX findings of carotid calcifications (CC) compared to a diagnosis by Doppler sonography varied between 31.1-100%. The specificity for PMX findings of carotid calcifications compared to a diagnosis by Doppler sonography varied between 21.4-87.5%. Individuals with CC findings from PMX have more periodontitis and risk for stroke. Conclusions. There is a shortage of well-designed studies in older dentate individuals assessing the associations between periodontitis and radiographic evidence of CC and in relation to stroke or other cardiovascular diseases.

  • 33.
    Bergendal, Birgitta
    et al.
    Institute Postgrad Dent Educ, Sweden.
    Bakke, Merete
    University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    McAllister, Anita
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuroscience. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology in Linköping.
    Sjogreen, Lotta
    National Orofacial Resource Centre Rare Disease, Sweden.
    Asten, Pamela
    Lovisenberg Diakonale Hospital, Norway.
    Profiles of orofacial dysfunction in different diagnostic groups using the Nordic Orofacial Test (NOT-S)-A review2014In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 72, no 8, p. 578-584Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. The Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening (NOT-S) was developed as a comprehensive method to assess orofacial function. Results from the screening protocol have been presented in 11 international publications to date. This study reviewed these publications in order to compile NOT-S screening data and create profiles of orofacial dysfunction that characterize various age groups and disorders. Materials and methods. NOT-S results of nine reports meeting the inclusion criteria were reviewed. Seven of these studies not only provided data on the mean and range of total NOT-S scores, but also on the most common domains of orofacial dysfunction (highest rate of individuals with dysfunction scores), allowing the construction of orofacial dysfunction profiles based on the prevalence of dysfunction in each domain of NOT-S. Results. The compiled data comprised 669 individuals, which included healthy control subjects (n = 333) and various patient groups (n = 336). All studies reported differences between individuals with diagnosed disorders and healthy control subjects. The NOT-S data could measure treatment effects and provided dysfunction profiles characterizing the patterns of orofacial dysfunction in various diagnoses. Conclusions. This review corroborates previous results that the NOT-S differentiates well between patients and healthy controls and can also show changes in individuals after treatment. NOT-S could be used as a standard instrument to assess orofacial dysfunction, evaluate the outcomes of oral habilitation and rehabilitation and improve comparability in clinical practice and research.

  • 34.
    Bergendal, Birgitta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. National Oral Disability Centre for Rare Disorders, The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden.
    McAllister, Anita
    CLINTEC, Division of Speech and Language Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Orofacial function and monitoring of oral care in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis2017In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 75, no 3, p. 179-185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: The aim was to assess orofacial function and monitor oral care in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) to maintain oral comfort and oral health.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case series of 14 patients newly diagnosed with ALS accepted to participate in a quality improvement project. After initial examinations, baseline oral conditions were obtained and the patients were seen every 3 months. Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening (NOT-S) was used for evaluation of orofacial function.

    RESULTS: Patients were grouped according to initial symptoms in a bulbar group and a spinal group with eight and six patients, respectively. The mean age at diagnosis was 62.8 years. All were dentate with a mean of 26.7 natural teeth. Most patients had very good oral and dental conditions. As expected, orofacial functions were differently affected in the two groups; at initial NOT-S registration, the mean total score was 5.6 (range 3-8 domains) in the bulbar group and 0.7 (0-2 domains) in the spinal group. At final registration, the corresponding figures were 6.1 and 3.2. Oral and dental aids were introduced according to need.

    CONCLUSIONS: In the bulbar group, several orofacial functions became impaired at an early stage of disease development, and at final registrations many vital orofacial functions were severely compromised. The spinal group was less severely affected orally. However, all individuals irrespective of type of initial symptoms needed assistance in performing oral hygiene measures in the latter part of the disease period. Good oral health and oral comfort could be maintained in all participants and no other dental treatment was needed.

  • 35.
    Bergendal, Birgitta
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Odontology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Odontology, Pediatric Dentistry.
    McAllister, Anita
    Stecksen-Blicks, Christina
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Odontology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Odontology, Pediatric Dentistry.
    Orofacial dysfunction in ectodermal dysplasias measured using the Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening protocol2009In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 67, p. 377-381Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 36. Berggren, U
    et al.
    Carlsson, S G
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hägglin, C
    Samsonowitz, V
    Assessment of patients with phobic dental anxiety.1997In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 55, no 4, p. 217-222Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 37. Berglund, Johan
    et al.
    Persson, Rutger
    Renvert, Stefan
    Persson, Rigmor
    Osteoporosis and peridontitis in older subjects participating in the Swedish National Survey on Aging and Care (SNAC-Blekinge)2011In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 69, no 4, p. 201-207Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Objective. We assessed the relationships between (I) ultrasonography calcaneus T-scores (PIXI) and mandibular cortex characteristics on oral panoramic radiographs in older subjects; and (II) osteoporosis and periodontitis. Material and methods. We examined 778 subjects (53% women) aged 59-96 years. Periodontitis was defined by alveolar bone loss assessed from panoramic radiographs. Results. PIXI calcaneus T-values ≤-2.5 (osteoporosis) were found in 16.3% of women and in 8.1% of men. PIXI calcaneus T-values <-1.6 (osteoporosis, adjusted) were found in 34.2% of women and in 21.4% of men. The age of the subjects and PIXI T-values were significantly correlated in women (Pearson's r = 0.37, P < 0.001) and men (Pearson's r = 0.19, P < 0.001). Periodontitis was found in 18.7% of subjects defined by alveolar bone level ≥5 mm. Subjects with osteoporosis defined by adjusted PIXI T-values had fewer remaining teeth [mean difference 4.1, 95% confidence interval (CI) -1.1 to -6.5, P < 0.001]. The crude odds ratio (OR) of an association between the panoramic assessment of mandibular cortex erosions as a sign of osteoporosis and the adjusted T-value (T-value cut-off <-1.6) was 4.8 (95% CI 3.1-7.2, P < 0.001; Pearson χ(2) = 60.1, P < 0.001). A significant OR between osteoporosis and periodontitis was only found in women for the T-value cut-off ≤-2.5 (crude OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.1-3.3, P < 0.03). Conclusions. An association between osteoporosis and periodontitis was only confirmed in women. The likelihood that the mandibular cortex index agrees with adjusted PIXI T-values is significant.

  • 38. Bergström, Ingalill
    et al.
    List, Thomas
    Magnusson, Tomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    A follow-up study of subjective symptoms of temporomandibular disorders in patients who received acupuncture and/or interocclusal appliance therapy 18-20 years earlier2008In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 66, no 2, p. 88-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) in patients referred to a specialist clinic because of muscular problems 18-20 years earlier and who had received mainly acupuncture and/or interocclusal appliance therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-five subjects who had received therapy at a TMD specialist clinic 18-20 years earlier were mailed a questionnaire with questions about TMD symptoms, their attitude towards the therapy, and their opinion about the outcome. Fifty-five subjects (85%) answered and returned the questionnaire. RESULTS: Before therapy, 87% had had severe TMD symptoms, but this figure decreased to 38% at the long-term follow-up. The mean values of the subjects' complaints at worst and at best before treatment, measured with a visual analog scale, were 66 (range 26-100) and 31 (range 0-100), respectively. The corresponding figures at the long-term follow-up were 32 (range 0-96) and 16 (range 0-70). Headache at least once a week was originally reported by 73% of the women and by 77% of the men. Headache prevalence 18-20 years later was 35% in women and 54% in men. The majority of patients were positive about the therapy they had received, and would recommend it to a friend with similar complaints. CONCLUSIONS: A majority of the patients reported a lasting improvement in their symptoms. Patients' overall opinions of the therapy received were positive.

  • 39.
    Bergström, Kamilla
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Söderfeldt, Björn
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Hjalmers, Karin
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Ordell, Sven
    Berthelsen, Hanne
    Malmö högskola, Faculty of Odontology (OD).
    Overall job satisfaction among dentists in Sweden and Denmark: A comparative study, measuring positive aspects of work2010In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 68, no 6, p. 344-353Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. Human service work differs from industrial work, which should be considered when organizing work. Previous research has shown organizational differences in the perceptions of work, often with a focus on negative aspects. The aim of this study was to analyse the overall job satisfaction among private- and public-practising dentists in Sweden and Denmark. This also implied a description of the questionnaire Swedish and Danish Dentists' Perceptions of Good Work about opportunities and positive and rewarding aspects of work. Material and methods. A questionnaire covering the multidimensional concept of good work was developed. A total of 1835 dentists randomly sampled from the dental associations were sent a questionnaire in November 2008. A special non-response study was performed. Principal components analysis (PCA) was used to create a measure of overall job satisfaction, comparing four organizational subgroups. Results. The average net response rate was 68% (n = 1226). The special non-response study of the Danish private practitioners showed more males, managers and dentists with more working hours than the respondents. PCA of three satisfaction questions showed a stable one-factor solution. There were differences in job satisfaction, with Danish public dentists ranked highest in overall job satisfaction and Swedish public dentists lowest. Conclusions. There were organizational differences in the perception of job satisfaction. Further analysis of how the human service is organized in the different groups is needed.

  • 40.
    Bernson, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Institute of Odontology, Department of Behavioral and Community Dentistry.
    Elfström, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    University of Gothenburg, Institute of Odontology, Department of Behavioral and Community Dentistry.
    Adaptive coping strategies among adult patients with dental fear: Further development of a new version of the Dental Coping Strategy Questionnaire2012In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 70, no 5, p. 414-420Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. The aim of this study was to further develop and investigate a newly constructed 15-item questionnaire on strategies for coping with dental treatment, used by fearful adult patients undergoing regular dental care and those with phobic avoidance. Materials and Methods. The dental coping strategy questionnaire (DCSQ-15) was distributed to 77 individuals with dental phobic avoidance and 94 fearful patients undergoing regular dental care. Previous analyses of a 20-item coping questionnaire (DCSQ-20) revealed that 2 of 4 identified factors predicted regularity or phobic avoidance of dental care. However, one of these factors was considered related to catastrophizing thoughts and not to coping strategies and it was therefore removed in the present study. Results. The reduced 15-item questionnaire was analyzed to identify its factor structure and a 5-factor solution was found. The five factors were labeled (i) 'self-efficacy', (ii) 'self-distraction', (iii) 'distancing', (iv) 'praying' and (v) 'optimism'. The factors of 'praying' and 'optimism' correlated significantly with dental anxiety and were assessed significantly higher and lower respectively, among individuals with phobic avoidance. A logistic regression analysis revealed that 'optimism', together with gender and dental anxiety, was predictive of the regularity or phobic avoidance of dental care.

  • 41. Bessing, C
    et al.
    Molin, M
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Odontology, Prosthetic Dentistry.
    An in vivo study of glass ceramic (Dicor) inlays. Preliminary report.1990In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 48, no 5, p. 351-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For the purpose of evaluating the clinical quality of glass ceramic (Dicor) inlays 15 patients with 37 inlays were examined 1 to 22 months after placement. In addition to certain periodontal variables, the inlays were rated by two independent examiners using the California Dental Association (CDA) quality evaluation system. The results of the present study showed that dental plaque was seen less often on proximal surfaces with inlays than on homologous proximal surfaces. Three patients reported hypersensitivity of the dental pulp. The examination using the CDA criteria showed that 54% of the inlays had a slight color mismatch, and slightly roughened surfaces were occasionally seen (35.5%). In nearly 30% of the inlays there was visible evidence of ditching along the margins. At present, no judgement can be made about the longevity of ceramic inlays.

  • 42.
    Brahm, Carl-Otto
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Lundgren, Jesper
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Sven G.
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Hägglin, Catharina
    Department of Behavioral and Community Dentistry, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Development and evaluation of the Jönköping Dental Fear Coping Model: a health professional perspective2018In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 76, no 5, p. 320-330Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to design a structured treatment model focusing on all levels of adult’s dental fear, the Jönköping Dental Fear Coping Model (DFCM). The aim was to study the DFCM from a dental health professional perspective.

    Material and methods: The DFCM was studied by means of quantitative and qualitative analyses. Nine dental clinics participated in Period I (pre-intervention/standard care), and 133 dental health professionals (dentists, dental hygienists, dental assistants) and 3088 patients were included. After completion of Period I, four of the clinics were randomized to Period II (intervention), beginning with the professionals undergoing DFCM training. Following that, 51 dental health professionals treated 1417 patients according to the DFCM. The other five clinics served as controls.

    Results: Half or more of the dental health professionals assessed the model as better than standard care, regarding anamnesis and diagnostics, communication and contact, and understanding of patients and dental fear. The dental health professionals reported higher tension in their fearful patients in Period II compared with Period I, possibly due to their increased awareness of dental fear.

    Conclusions: The qualitative data suggest that dental health professionals find the DFCM beneficial in routine dental care. The model promotes a holistic approach to the treatment of adult patients. However, stress among the professionals was not reduced when measured, neither quantitatively nor qualitatively. It is important to evaluate the model in further studies to make it possible to draw generalizable conclusions. 

  • 43.
    Brahm, Carl-Otto
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Centre for Oral Health. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Lundgren, Jesper
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Sven G.
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Centre for Oral Health. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Hägglin, Catharina
    §Department of Behavioral and Community Dentistry, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Evaluation of the Jönköping dental fear coping model: a patient perspective2019In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 77, no 3, p. 238-247Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: This study is a part of a project with the aim to construct and evaluate a structured treatment model (the Jönköping Dental Fear Coping Model, DFCM) for the treatment of dental patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the DFCM from a patient perspective.

    Material and methods: The study was performed at four Public Dental Clinics, with the same 13 dentists and 14 dental hygienists participating in two treatment periods. In Period I, 1351 patients were included and in Period II, 1417. Standard care was used in Period I, and in Period II the professionals had been trained in and worked according to the DFCM. In the evaluation, the outcome measures were self-rated discomfort, pain and tension, and satisfaction with the professionals.

    Results: In comparison with standard care, less tension was reported among patients treated according to the DFCM, (p =.041), which was also found among female patients in a subgroup analysis (p =.028). Additional subgroup analyses revealed that patients expecting dental treatment (as opposed to examination only) reported less discomfort (p =.033), pain (p =.016) and tension (p =.012) in Period II than in Period I. Patients with low to moderate dental fear reported less pain in Period II than in Period I (p =.014).

    Conclusions: The DFCM has several positive effects on adult patients in routine dental care. In a Swedish context, the differences between standard care and treatment according to the model were small but, in part, statistically significant. However, it is important to evaluate the model in further studies to allow generalization to other settings. 

  • 44.
    Broden, Josephine
    et al.
    Malmo Univ, Sweden; Swedish Publ Dent Serv, Sweden.
    Davidson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Health Care Analysis. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Fransson, Helena
    Malmo Univ, Sweden.
    Cost-effectiveness of pulp capping and root canal treatment of young permanent teeth2019In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 77, no 4, p. 275-281Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To contribute with information on cost-effectiveness of pulp capping and root canal treatment of posterior permanent vital teeth in children and adolescents with pulp exposures due to caries. Material and methods: Cost-effectiveness by means of a Markov simulation model was studied in a Scandinavian setting. In a simulated 12-year-old patient, treatment of pulpal exposure of a permanent tooth, either by the initial treatment pulp capping or root canal treatment, was followed for 9 years until the patient was 21. The model was based on outcome data obtained from published literature and cost data based on reference prices. Results: In the simulated case, with the annual failure probalility (AFP) of 0.034 for pulp capping, the total cost for an initial treatment with pulp capping and any anticipated following treatments during the 9 years, was 367 EUR lower than for a root canal treatment as the initial treatment. After an initial treatment with pulp capping 10.4% fewer teeth, compared with initial root canal treatment, were anticipated to be extracted. Pulp capping was thus considered to be the cost-effective alternative. The sensitivity analyses showed that the AFP of a tooth requiring a root canal treatment after an initial pulp capping needed to be 0.2 before root canal treatment may be considered being the cost-effective treatment. Conclusions: This model analysis indicated initial treatment by pulp capping to be cost-effective compared to root canal treatment in children and adolescents with pulp exposures due to caries.

  • 45. Bruno-Ambrosius, Katarina
    et al.
    Yucel-Lindberg, Tülay
    Twetman, Svante
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Odontology. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Odontology, Pediatric Dentistry.
    Salivary buffer capacity in relation to menarche and progesterone levels in saliva from adolescent girls: a longitudinal study.2004In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 62, no 5, p. 269-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between salivary buffer capacity and menarche, and to explore any association with levels of the sex hormone progesterone in stimulated whole saliva in adolescent girls. The material comprised 162 girls, 12 years of age at baseline in the 6th grade, who were followed for 3 years. Every 4th month, a stimulated whole saliva sample was collected, secretion rate and buffer capacity were determined, and information was gathered on menarche, ongoing menses, and caries increment. Once yearly, the salivary concentration of progesterone was determined with an enzyme immunoassay kit. The results showed a significantly impaired salivary buffer capacity over the years (P < 0.05). Low buffer capacity was significantly correlated with low secretion rate (r = 0.42; P< 0.001) and DMFT increment (r=0.20; P<0.05). Pre-menarche buffer capacity did not differ from the postmenarche scores. The concentration of progesterone in saliva increased with age but displayed no significant relationship to buffer capacity, flow rate, or caries increment. In conclusion, the findings of this study suggest that the salivary buffer capacity may be impaired over the adolescent years in females, but the reason remains unclear.

  • 46. Carlsson, Gunnar E
    et al.
    Egermark, Inger
    Magnusson, Tomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Predictors of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders: a 20-year follow-up study from childhood to adulthood.2002In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 60, no 3, p. 180-185Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Carlsson, Gunnar E.
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ekbäck, Gunnar
    Örebro University, Sweden; Örebro County Council, Sweden.
    Johansson, Anders
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    Ordell, Sven
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Public Dental Health Care.
    Unell, Lennart
    Örebro University, Sweden; Örebro County Council, Sweden.
    Is there a trend of decreasing prevalence of TMD-related symptoms with ageing among the elderly?2014In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 72, no 8, p. 714-720Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. Older adults have not been studied as much as younger ones regarding prevalence of TMD-related symptoms. The aim was to assess the prevalence of TMD-related symptoms in two population samples, 70 and 80 years old. Materials and methods. Identical questionnaires were in 2012 sent to all subjects born in 1932 and 1942 living in two Swedish counties. The response rate was 70.1%, resulting in samples of 5697 70-and 2922 80-year-old subjects. The questionnaire comprised 53 questions. Answers to questions on problems regarding TMD-related symptoms and awareness of bruxism were analysed. Results. Twelve per cent of the women and 7% of the men in the 70-year-old group reported some, rather great or severe problems regarding TMD pain. In the 80-year-olds the prevalence was 8% and 7%, respectively. Subjects who had problems with TMJ sounds reported difficulty to open the jaw wide 6-times and TMJ pain 10-13-times more frequently than subjects without such problems. Changes of taste and awareness of bruxism were the only variables significantly associated with TMD symptoms in both age groups. Number of teeth was not significantly associated with any of the TMD-related symptoms. Conclusions. Most of the elderly subjects had no severe problems with TMD-related symptoms, but 12% of the 70-year-old women reported some, rather great or severe problems. The marked gender difference at age 70 had disappeared in the 80-year-old group. The prevalence was lower among the 80-compared with the 70-year-old subjects of both sexes. The results support the comorbidity between TMD-related symptoms and general health problems.

  • 48.
    Carlsson, Gunnar E.
    et al.
    Department of Prosthetic Dentistry and Dental Materials Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ekbäck, Gunnar
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Örebro University Hospital. Department of Dentistry, Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden.
    Johansson, Anders
    Department of Clinical Dentistry-Prosthodontics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Ordell, Sven
    Dental Commissioning Unit, Östergötland County Council, Linköping, Sweden; Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Unell, Lennart
    Örebro University Hospital. School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; Post Graduate Dental Education Centre, Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden.
    Is there a trend of decreasing prevalence of TMD-related symptoms with ageing among the elderly?2014In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 72, no 8, p. 714-720Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Older adults have not been studied as much as younger ones regarding prevalence of TMD-related symptoms. The aim was to assess the prevalence of TMD-related symptoms in two population samples, 70 and 80 years old.

    Materials and methods: Identical questionnaires were in 2012 sent to all subjects born in 1932 and 1942 living in two Swedish counties. The response rate was 70.1%, resulting in samples of 5697 70-and 2922 80-year-old subjects. The questionnaire comprised 53 questions. Answers to questions on problems regarding TMD-related symptoms and awareness of bruxism were analysed.

    Results: Twelve per cent of the women and 7% of the men in the 70-year-old group reported some, rather great or severe problems regarding TMD pain. In the 80-year-olds the prevalence was 8% and 7%, respectively. Subjects who had problems with TMJ sounds reported difficulty to open the jaw wide 6-times and TMJ pain 10-13-times more frequently than subjects without such problems. Changes of taste and awareness of bruxism were the only variables significantly associated with TMD symptoms in both age groups. Number of teeth was not significantly associated with any of the TMD-related symptoms.

    Conclusions: Most of the elderly subjects had no severe problems with TMD-related symptoms, but 12% of the 70-year-old women reported some, rather great or severe problems. The marked gender difference at age 70 had disappeared in the 80-year-old group. The prevalence was lower among the 80-compared with the 70-year-old subjects of both sexes. The results support the comorbidity between TMD-related symptoms and general health problems.

  • 49. Chiang, Huei-Min
    et al.
    Tranaeus, Sofia
    Sunnegårdh Grönberg, Karin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
    Caries as experienced by adult caries active patients: a qualitative study2019In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 77, no 1, p. 15-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: In the western world, increased oral health has resulted in a skewed occurrence of caries disease where relatively few individuals now account for most caries disease. This study examines how adults with recurrent caries activity experience caries disease and treatment.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study is based on qualitative data from individual interviews, which were subjected to qualitative content analysis. The interviews were semi-structured and thematic and an interview guide was used that consisted of two main areas with open ended questions. Meaning units were condensed and labelled with a code which preserved the core content of the reduced text. Codes were assigned to different subcategories according to their similarities or differences. Subcategories formed categories which describe the manifest content of the text.

    RESULTS: The domain "experience with caries" consisted of four subcategories that formed the main category Caries - an unwelcomed acquaintance. The domain "experience with caries treatment" consisted of three subcategories that formed the category Caries treatment - pain for gain.

    CONCLUSION: Comprehensive non-operative treatment and close follow-ups should precede restorations; this would probably gain insight in how to avoid new cavities to a greater extent. If to be supportive, information and advice about self-care given to individuals with recurrent cavities should be delivered with respect to the patient's feelings about their experience of dental caries.

  • 50. Chiang, Huei-Min
    et al.
    Tranaeus, Sofia
    Sunnegårdh-Grönberg, Karin
    Caries as experienced by adult caries active patients: a qualitative study.2019In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 77, no 1, p. 15-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: In the western world, increased oral health has resulted in a skewed occurrence of caries disease where relatively few individuals now account for most caries disease. This study examines how adults with recurrent caries activity experience caries disease and treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study is based on qualitative data from individual interviews, which were subjected to qualitative content analysis. The interviews were semi-structured and thematic and an interview guide was used that consisted of two main areas with open ended questions. Meaning units were condensed and labelled with a code which preserved the core content of the reduced text. Codes were assigned to different subcategories according to their similarities or differences. Subcategories formed categories which describe the manifest content of the text. RESULTS: The domain "experience with caries" consisted of four subcategories that formed the main category Caries - an unwelcomed acquaintance. The domain "experience with caries treatment" consisted of three subcategories that formed the category Caries treatment - pain for gain. CONCLUSION: Comprehensive non-operative treatment and close follow-ups should precede restorations; this would probably gain insight in how to avoid new cavities to a greater extent. If to be supportive, information and advice about self-care given to individuals with recurrent cavities should be delivered with respect to the patient's feelings about their experience of dental caries.

1234567 1 - 50 of 314
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf