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  • 1.
    Aagaard, Johannes
    Århus univ..
    Mission, Konfession, Kirche: die Problematik ihrer Integration im 19. Jahrhundert in Deutschland1967Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Aasmundsen, Hans Geir
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
    Pentecostalism, Globalisation and Society in Contemporary Argentina2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Argentina, Pentecostalism had a breakthrough in the early 1980s, and today more than 10 per cent of the population are Pentecostals. The revival coincided with a socio-political transformation of Argentinean society. After half a century of dictatorships and Peronism, democracy was restored, and structural changes paved the way for a certain “autonomisation” of politics, law, economy, science and religion. The "new" form of society that developed resembles what in this study is called a Western model, which to a large degree is currently being diffused on a global scale. This work examines the new religious sphere and how Pentecostals relate to society at large, and the political and judicial sphere in particular.

    Social systems theory and an idea of communication as constitutive of social spheres, such as religious, political and judicial ones, form the theoretical foundation for the study. Methods that have been used are fieldwork, interviews and analyses of written material. It is concluded that evangelisation and transformation are of major concern to Pentecostals in contemporary Argentina and that this follows a global trend. Evangelisation has always been important to, even a hallmark of, Pentecostalism. What has become as important is the urge for transformation, of the individual, the family and society. This leads to increased socio-political engagement. However, Pentecostals do not have a “fixed” idea of how society should be organised, i.e., they do not yet have a full-fledged political theology, a public theology or what could be called a Pentecostal ideology. This is mainly because they experience a lack of “compatibility” between the Pentecostal and the political communication. Their approaches to socio-political concerns seem to be based on an understanding of certain “values” as the fundamental building block of society.

  • 3.
    Aasmundsen, Hans-Geir
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Study of religions.
    Contemporary Pentecostal-Catholic encounters in Argentina2009In: Global Pentecostalism: Encounters with other Religious Traditions / [ed] David Westerlund, London: I. B. Tauris , 2009, p. 243-259Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Abdelmoez Wiklund, Joel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Middle Eastern Studies.
    Women’s status in Islamic texts and feminist interventions2017In: Orientaliska Studier, ISSN 0345-8997, no 152, p. 5-14Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Abrahamson, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Efter korsfästelsen: Om tro, förnuft och Jesu uppståndelse2005Book (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 6.
    Abrahamson, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Jesu uppståndelse som historiskt problem: En studie av Rudolf Bultmanns och Wolfhart Pannenbergs tolkningar2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to make a critical examination of Rudolf Bultmann´s (1884–1976) and Wolfhart Pannenberg´s (b. 1928) interpretations of the resurrection of Jesus. Bultmann is best known for seeking to demythologize the miracles of the New Testament. Pannenberg has gained much attention for arguing that the resurrection of Jesus is an event in chronological history.

    In this thesis I first present Bultmann´s and Pannenberg´s interpretations of the resurrection of Jesus. In order to help the reader understand the context in which these interpretations were made, I give a brief sketch of the German theological setting. Second, I compare the theologies of Bultmann and Pannenberg from the concept of background theory, principles of interpretation, exegetical reasoning, the meaning of the resurrection and what it means to accept the resurrection. Third, I categorize different ways that the resurrection could be interpreted today. Fourth, I critically discuss the way that Bultmann and Pannenberg argue and give some proposals for how their theologies can be developed. Developing the theology of Bultmann I give more attention to chronological history than he does. I also make alterations in the way he understands God´s action. Concerning Pannenberg I discuss the importance of rational arguments in his theology. I argue that the resurrection should be interpreted from the perspective of a faith or an interpretation which seeks understanding.

  • 7.
    Abrahamson, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Wolfhart Pannenberg och Jesu uppståndelse2004In: Tro & Liv: Tidskrift för kristen tro och förkunnelse, Vol. 63, no 3-4, p. 13-21Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 8.
    Abrahamsson, Linn
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Fördomar, normer och generaliseringar: En studie av religionskunskapslärares förhållningsätt till mångfald2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att undersöka lärares förhållningssätt till begreppet mångfald så som det skrivs fram i ämnesplanen för religionskunskap i LGY11. Fem kvalitativa intervjuer genomfördes med lärare i religionskunskap på gymnasiet. Dessa intervjuer har tolkats med hjälp av en narrativ analysmetod och relaterats dels till olika filosofiska perspektiv, normkritisk pedagogik samt fältet för kontroversiella frågor i undervisning. Resultatet påvisar att det finns såväl likheter som skillnader mellan lärarnas förhållningssätt. En likhet var att många av dem intog ett elevperspektiv i sin undervisning och berättade om hur de anpassar sin undervisning till olika elevgrupper. En skillnad berör hur man uppfattar själva religionsämnet som sådant; vissa av lärarna talade i termer av att motverka fördomar, andra om att ämnet kan bidra till en ökad förståelse hos eleverna själva.

  • 9.
    Abusabib, Mohamed
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM, Aesthetics and Cultural Studies.
    Political Islam and the Arts: the Sudanese Experience2001In: ISIM Newsletter, no 8Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 10.
    Acevska, Katja
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Jag tillhör en muslimsk familj men jag är inte religiös: Några ungdomars förändrade syn på sin religion i Sverige2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is not surprising that the massive Syrian and Afghanistan immigration three years ago, has changed their view towards Islam rules in their new identity creating. But what has been changed? That was my first question in this essay and the answers I got was rules concerned alcohol, prayer, mosque visits and food rules. All this rules requires someone to influence them to take a stand, which lead us to the next question, about how hegemony was exhibited as a factor in how my respondents answered the first question. The theory of hegemony was the analysis instrument of this study and gave me a hypothesis that hegemony probably had something to do with the change of rules, and it had. All these things that I mentioned as changed rules in their new land demands a personal asset and to be legitimized by someone who represents the hegemony.  In order for the hegemony to continue it has to be anonymous and lead for example friends or teachers. It is visible how my respondents talked about matters that had to do with how the changes where in their common sense, where probably hegemony has the strongest attachment, but also how they thought that they made own choices, was also the choice that the hegemony had done before them. Although I took into account the need to be a part of a group, here it showed how the Muslims was included in a group that only had premises from hegemony standard points. The answers for my result was given to me by six secondary school students by semi structured interviews.

     

  • 11.
    Acheamong, Fredrick
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    Decoupling Church-State Relation in Sweden: A Brief Post-Mortem2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Five decades’ process of breaking more than four centuries of Church-State ties saw a major break-through at the stroke of the new millennium (the year 2000), with the implementation of legislative reforms aimed at giving the Church of Sweden a greater degree of liberty, while extending greater freedom to other religious communities in Sweden. Almost a decade after this historic legislation most stakeholders claim the impact of the reform has been significant. Indeed the decision to server Church-State ties for whatever purpose or reason, after such a long standing relation between the two, will by all means have implications for the Church that is separated, the State and the so called free churches and other religions in Sweden. Thus, this field study seeks to investigate the resultant impact of delimiting governmental power in the religious domain on the now autonomous church and the implications the separation has had for other “non-state churches” as well as the secularized state government in Sweden almost ten years after the reforms.

  • 12.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    ‘Beware of false prophets’: A Fragment of the Old Swedish Miracle Homily Book2016In: Medieval Sermon Studies, ISSN 1366-0691, E-ISSN 1749-6276, Vol. 60, no 1, p. 5-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article comprises an introduction to and an edition and translation of an Old Swedish sermon fragment found in the Hannaas Collection at the Ethno-Folkloristic Archive, University of Bergen, Norway (Hannaas 66). This previously unpublished paper fragment is one of the missing parts of the Old Swedish Homily Book (known as Svensk järteckens postilla), dating from the second half of the fifteenth century and now housed at the Royal Library in Stockholm, Sweden (Cod. Holm. A 111). The text in Hannaas 66 comprises a sermon for the 8th Sunday after Trinity based on Matthew 7. 15–16 and includes a miracle exemplum that illustrates the importance of acting justly and following the will of God.

  • 13.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Kristi mordere: Jøder i danske passionsberetninger fra middelalderen2013In: Danske studier, ISSN 0106-4525, E-ISSN 2246-8323, p. 25-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The image of the Jews as the killers of Jesus has its origins in the Gospels where Jews are portrayed as responsible – directly or indirectly – for the Crucifixion. The enduring myth of the Christ-killer has evolved over nearly two millennia to find a variety of expressions in religion, politics, philosophy, literature and drama. In this article, I examine how Jews are portrayed as murderers in late medieval descriptions of the Passion found in Old Danish sermons and devotional literature. The influence of the saints Augustine of Hippo, Thomas Aquinas and Birgitta of Sweden is examined as also is the question of Jewish culpability in each of the texts and what this would have meant to the audience and readers. The Christkiller motif is shown to be an effective and flexible tool for the Church in marking the boundaries of vita christiana and in teaching empathy and spirituality to its members.

  • 14.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Preaching about an Absent Minority: Medieval Danish Sermons and Jews2014In: The Jewish-Christian Encounter in Medieval Preaching / [ed] Jonathan Adams and Jussi Hanska, New York: Routledge, 2014, p. 92-116Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Adams, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    The Revelations of St Birgitta: A Study and Edition of the Birgittine-Norwegian Texts, Swedish National Archives, E 89022015Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In The Revelations of St Birgitta: A Study and Edition of the Birgittine-Norwegian Texts, Swedish National Archives, E 8902, Jonathan Adams offers a detailed analysis of the manuscript and its contents as well as a new edition of this puzzling text. The Birgittine-Norwegian texts are very distinctive from the main Birgittine vernacular corpus of literature and have taxed scholars for decades as to why and for whom they were written.

    The linguistic study of the manuscript is combined with contextual and historical information in order to reinforce the arguments made and offer explanations within a cultural context. This provides a welcome new dimension to earlier research that has otherwise been pursued to a large degree within a single academic discipline.

     

    CONTENTS

     

    Table of contents

    List of Figures

    List of Tables

    Acknowledgements

    List of Abbreviations

     

    I Background

     

    1 St Birgitta and her Revelations

    1.1 Why St Birgitta?

    1.2 The life of St Birgitta

    1.3 The Revelations of St Birgitta (Latin tradition)

    1.4 The Revelations of St Birgitta (Swedish tradition)

    1.5 This book

     

    2 Textual history of the vernacular Scandinavian manuscripts

    2.1 Extant Swedish manuscripts

    2.1.1 Swedish retranslation

    2.2 Other Scandinavian manuscripts

    2.2.1 Old Danish

    2.2.2 Middle Norwegian

    2.3 Summary

     

    3 Birgitta and Norway

    3.1 Towards Nordic union in the fourteenth century: Royalty and the nobility

    3.2 Birgitta’s own personal contacts with Norway

    3.3 Birgitta’s family connections with Norway

    3.4 The Birgittine Movement in Norway and Munkeliv

    3.5 Summary

     

    4 Summary of previous research into the manuscript

    4.1 Gustaf E. Klemming

    4.2 Robert Geete

    4.3 Knut B. Westman

    4.4 Vilhelm Gödel

    4.5 Salomon Kraft

    4.6 Marius Sandvei

    4.7 Didrik Arup Seip

    4.8 Elias Gustaf Adolf Wessén

    4.9 Lars Wollin

    4. 10 Lennart Moberg

    4.11 Hans Torben Gilkær

    4.12 General evaluation of earlier theories

     

    II Manuscript

     

    5 Manuscript description

    5.1 Date and origin

    5.2 Provenance

    5.3 Contents

    5.4 Make-up and description

    5.4.1 Foliation

    5.4.2 Materials and dimensions

    5.4.3 Quiring

    5.4.4 Ruling and pricking

    5.4.5 Catchwords

    5.5 Script

    5.5.1 Scribal characteristics

    5.5.2 Abbreviations

    5.5.3 Punctuation

    5.5.4 Hyphenation and Word Division

    5.5.5 Spacing

    5.5.6 Rubrics and Guide Letters

    5.5.7 Marginal Notes

    5.6 Binding

    5.7 Damage

    5.8 Scribal error

     

    III Language

     

    6 Lexicon: idiosyncracies, foreign influence, and dialectal forms

    6.1 Hapax Legomena

    6.1.1 *drøvuker

    6.1.2 *iakilse and *iatilse

    6.1.3 *nidherflytilse

    6.1.4 *solbadh

    6.1.5 *spailse

    6.1.6 *søkiarinna

    6.1.7 *unsæld

    6.1.8 *urfamse/orfamse

    6.1.9 Distribution

    6.1.10 Discussion

    6.2 Middle Low German loanwords

    6.2.1 Unbound Morphemes

    6.2.2 Bound Morphemes

    6.2.3 Summary

    6.3 Latin words and phrases in E 8902

    6.3.1 Adjectives and Common Nouns

    6.3.2 Proper Nouns

    6.4 Vadstenaspråk-like, Östgötska, and Danish features

     

    7 Language mixture in medieval Scandinavian manuscripts

    7.1 Causes of Swedish influence on Norwegian in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries

    7.1.1 Early definitions

    7.1.2 The problem of defining “norm” in the context of Old Norwegian 

    7.1.3 Internal causes of mixture

    7.1.4 External causes of mixture

    7.1.5 A diglossic situation in late medieval Norway?

    7.2. Intentional types of language mixture in medieval Scandinavian manuscripts

    7.2.1 Terminology

    7.2.2 Summary

    7.3 Causes of unintentional language mixture (“interference”) in medieval Scandinavian manuscripts

    7.3.1 Scribe’s own idiolect

    7.3.2 Scribe’s own dialect

    7.3.3 Dialect of the original

    7.3.4 Dialect of the area

    7.3.5 Norm of the genre

    7.3.6 Norm of the scriptorium

    7.3.7 Audience

    7.3.8 Summary

    7.4 Concluding remarks

     

    8 Analysis of language mixture in E 8902

    8.1 The use of statistics in literary research

    8.2 The diagnostic test features for E 8902 

    8.2.1 Diagnostic test feature A: Progressive i-mutation

    8.2.2 Diagnostic test feature B: Itacism

    8.2.3 Diagnostic test feature C: Diphthongisation

    8.2.4 Diagnostic test feature D: Monophthongisation

    8.2.5 Diagnostic test feature E: Vowel merger

    8.2.6 Diagnostic test feature F: Elision

    8.2.7 Diagnostic test feature G: Dental assimilation

    8.2.8 Diagnostic test feature H: First person singular pronoun

    8.2.9 Diagnostic test feature I: Relative particle

    8.2.10 Diagnostic test feature J: Anglo-Saxon letter forms

    8.3 Statistical procedure

    8.3.1 Total number of occurrences and proportion

    8.3.2 Rate of occurrence

    8.3.3 Ellegård’s distinctiveness ratio

    8.3.4 Testing for significance

    8.3.5 Pearson’s product-moment correlation coefficient

    8.3.6 Summary

    8.4 Language mixture

    8.4.1 Findings of the statistical analysis of language mixture

    8.5 Miscellaneous south-eastern Norwegian Forms

    8.5.1 The intrusive svarabhakti vowel

    8.5.2 Metaphony

    8.5.3 Metathesis of “vr”

    8.6 Summary of hand mixture types

    8.6.1 Hand 1

    8.6.2 Hand 2

    8.6.3 Hand 3

    8.6.4 Hand 4

    8.7 Summary of linguistic analysis

     

    9 Conclusion

    9.1 Summary of aims, methods, and findings

    9.2 Writing E 8902 

    9.2.1 Scribes

    9.2.2 Language

    9.2.3 Place of composition

    9.2.4 The manuscript’s place in the Swedish tradition

    9.3 Contents and audience

     

    IV Edition

     

    10 Text and commentary

    10.1 Editorial procedure

    10.2 Transcription

     

    11 Commentary, references, and indexes

    11.1 Commentary and references

    11.2 Index of names and places in E 8902

     

    Bibliography

    Index

     

  • 16.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Hanska, Jussi
    University of Tampere.
    Introduction: The Jewish-Christian Encounter in Medieval Preaching2014In: The Jewish-Christian Encounter in Medieval Preaching / [ed] Jonathan Adams and Jussi Hanska, New York: Routledge, 2014, p. 1-20Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Hanska, JussiDepartment of History, University of Tampere, Finland.
    The Jewish-Christian Encounter in Medieval Preaching2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book explores the complexity of preaching as a phenomenon in the medieval Jewish-Christian encounter. This was not only an "encounter" as physical meeting or confrontation (such as the forced attendance of Jews at Christian sermons that took place across Europe), but also an "imaginary" or theological encounter in which Jews remained a figure from a distant constructed time and place who served only to underline and verify Christian teachings. Contributors also explore the Jewish response to Christian anti-Jewish preaching in their own preaching and religious instruction.

     

    Contents:

    1. Jonathan Adams and Jussi Hanska, Introduction: The Jewish-Christian Encounter in Medieval Preaching

     

    Part I: Regional Studies

    2. Raúl González Salinero, Preaching and Jews in Late Antique and Visigothic Iberia

    3. Regina D. Schiewer, Sub Iudaica Infirmitate — "Under the Jewish Weakness": Jews in Medieval German Sermons

    4. Jonathan Adams, Preaching about an Absent Minority: Medieval Danish Sermons and Jews

     

    Part II: Preachers and Occasions

    5. Kati Ihnat, "Our Sister Is Little and Has No Breasts": Mary and the Jews in the Sermons of Honorius Augustodunensis

    6. Filippo Sedda, The Anti-Jewish Sermons of John of Capistrano: Matters and Context

    7. Maria Giuseppina Muzzarelli, The Effects of Bernardino da Feltre’s Preaching on the Jews

    8. Jussi Hanska, Sermons on the Tenth Sunday After Holy Trinity: Another Occasion for Anti-Jewish Preaching

     

    Part III: Symbols and Images

    9. David I. Shyovitz, Beauty and the Bestiary: Animals, Wonder, and Polemic in Medieval Ashkenaz

    10. Giacomo Todeschini, The Origin of a Medieval Anti-Jewish Stereotype: The Jews as Receivers of Stolen Goods (Twelfth to Thirteenth Centuries)

    11. Pietro Delcorno, The Roles of Jews in the Florentine Sacre Rappresentazioni: Loyal Citizens, People to be Converted, Enemies of the Faith

    12. Nirit Ben-Aryeh Debby, Mendicants and Jews in Florence

    13. Martine Boiteux, Preaching to the Jews in Early Modern Rome: Words and Images

  • 18.
    Adams, Jonathan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Luetzelschwab, Ralf
    Freie Universität Berlin.
    Editorial2015In: Medieval Sermon Studies, ISSN 1366-0691, E-ISSN 1749-6276, Vol. 59, no 1, p. 1-1Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Ader, Weronica
    University of Gävle, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för kultur- och religionsvetenskap.
    Den icke-konfessionella religionskunskapen: en studie om lärares upplevelser kring religionskunskapen och det kristna arvet2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att undersöka om religionslärare på grundskolans senare år upplever en konflikt mellan läroplanens mål om en icke-konfessionell, saklig och allsidig undervisning och den tradition som finns inom religionskunskapen med en nära koppling till kristendomen. Undersökningen bygger dels på litteraturstudier, där jag ger en bakgrund till och en definition av relevanta begrepp som icke-konfessionell undervisning, saklig och allsidig undervisning, sekularisering, religionsfrihet samt mångkultur, dels intervjuer med tio religionslärare i Jönköpings kommun. Resultatet visar att lärarna inte upplever någon konflikt kring detta något motsägelsefulla, men att de är mycket medvetna om problematiken som finns kring dessa begrepp och kopplingen till undervisningen i religionskunskap.

  • 20. Adorno, Theodor W.
    et al.
    Martinson, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, Studies in Faith and Ideologies, Systematic Theology and Studies in World Views.
    Teser om konst och religion idag2005In: Glänta, ISSN 1104-5205, no 5Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Översättning från engelskan Mattias Martinson. Original: "Theses upon Art and Religion Today", ur Adorno: Gesammelte Schriften bd 11, red. Rolf Thiedemann

  • 21.
    af Burén, Ann
    Södertörn University, School of Gender, Culture and History, Study of religions.
    Especially Loved by Allah: Muslim and LGBTQ in Istanbul2011In: Temenos, ISSN 0497-1817, E-ISSN 2342-7256, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 61-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article builds on ethnographic fieldwork within the LGBTQ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Queer) milieu of Istanbul. It is based on material collected through participant observation and semi-structured interviews with people who at the same time self-identify as practicing Muslims and have romantic and sexual relations with people of their own sex. The protagonist of the article is a pious Muslim woman who can be placed in the category of LGBTQ Muslims who do not seek coherence and are not involved in a reinterpretation of their Islamic tradition. The article explores the complex ways in which this woman handles the potential conflicts between her sex life and her religious beliefs, and points specifically to the way she supports herself on the firm belief that Allah loves and protects her.

  • 22.
    af Burén, Ann
    Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions. Göteborgs universitet.
    Living Simultaneity: On religion among semi-secular Swedes2015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims at contributing to a critical discussion on the supposedly far-reaching secularity of Sweden on the one hand, and on the incongruence and inconsistency of lived religion on the other. At the center are people referred to as semi-secular Swedes – a group that is often neglected in the study of religion. These people do not go to church or get involved in any other alternative organized spiritual activities, neither are they actively opposed to religion or entirely indifferent to it. Most of them describe the ways they are – or are not – religious as in line with the majority patterns in Swedish society.

    The study is qualitative in method and the material has been gathered through interviews and a questionnaire. It offers a close reading of 28 semi-secular Swedes’ ways of talking about and relating to religion, particularly in reference to their everyday lives and their own experiences, and it analyzes the material with a focus on incongruences.

    By exploring how the term religion is employed vernacularly by the respondents, the study pinpoints one particular feature in the material, namely simultaneity. The concept of simultaneity is descriptive and puts emphasis on a ‘both and’ approach in (1) the way the respondents ascribe meaning to the term religion, (2) how they talk about themselves in relation to different religious designations, and (3) how they interpret experiences that they single out as ‘out-of-the-ordinary’. These simultaneities are explained and theorized through analyses focusing on intersubjective and discursive processes.

    In relation to theorizing on religion and religious people this study offers empirical material that nuance a dichotomous understanding of ‘the religious’ and ‘the secular’. In relation to methodology it is argued that the salience of simultaneity in the material shows that when patterns of religiosity among semi-secular Swedes are studied there is a need to be attentive to expressions of complexity, contradiction and incongruity.