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  • 1.
    Aage, Hans
    Roskilde University, Denmark.
    25. Economic Instruments: Three Interlinkages Between Ecology and Economics2012In: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 280-293Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    ehsa 3-25
  • 2.
    Aas, Marit
    et al.
    Oslo universitet.
    Törnsén, Monika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Principal Development.
    Examining Norwegian and Swedish Leadership training programs in light of international research2016In: Nordic Studies in Education, ISSN 1891-5914, E-ISSN 1891-5949, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 173-187Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines and compares principal training programs in Sweden and Norway, the two Nordic countries with national leadership programs for already active school leaders. To investigate the knowledge base and design of the programs we draw on two research-derived tools about successful professional learning programs for school leaders. Based on the examinations, we suggest that the programs reflect international research both in terms of content and process factors. In addition, we identify topics and issues, such as balancing democratic participation with managerial decision-making, which can be characterized as making up a Nordic profile.

  • 3.
    Aas, Marit
    et al.
    Department of Teacher Education, School Research, University of Oslo, Norway.
    Törnsén, Monika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Principal Development.
    Nordic studies in education - Special issue: Educational leadership in nordic countries2016In: Nordic Studies in Education, ISSN 1891-5914, E-ISSN 1891-5949, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 81-85Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Aasa, Johanna
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Chindeh, Felicia
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Politiskt engagemang genom social media: en kvantitativ studie om ungas politiska intresse2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Politiken i Sverige har i stor utsträckning varit oförändrad i drygt 100 år men har de senaste decenniet fått en utmanare i form av de digitala plattformarna (social media såsom tex: Twitter, Instagram och Facebook). Kandidatuppsatsen syfte är att undersöka hur de politiska engagemanget genom social media och det politiska intresset bland unga 18–29 år ser ut idag, och om det finns ett samband mellan politiskt intresse och politiskt engagemang via sociala medier i nämnd åldersgrupp. Uppsatsen är en kvantitativ studie som baseras på sekundärdata från den nationella SOM-undersökningen 2019.

    Resultatet visar på ett politiskt intresse som är jämnt fördelat mellan personer som har intresse och inte har ett intresse, vilket eventuellt kan förklaras med den sociala kontext personen befinner sig i. De politiska engagemanget uppvisar att majoriteten, 80 procent har ett politiskt engagemang via sociala medier, och att av den majoriteten har hälften av personerna ett mindre politiskt engagemang genom de digitala plattformarna. Förklaringsvis beror det på omfattningen av deltagande i sociala medier, som leder till en aktiv eller passiv exponering för politik i olika former. Vidare kunde inte ett samband ses mellan de politiska intresset bland unga 18–29 år och politiskt engagemang genom sociala medier. Där avsaknaden troligtvis kan bero på ett samband att personerna inte är intresserad av politik eller en rädsla för att föra politiska debatter i de offentliga rummet.

  • 5.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Växjö universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Digitalisering och social exklusion: Om medborgares användning av och attityder till Arbetsförmedlingens digitala tjänster2008Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research report focuses on the users of e-government in a social science perspective. Our aim is to study how different social groups, registered at the Swedish Public Employment Service, relate to the internet, the agency and the services offered on its website (www.ams.se).

    The field of e-government research is dominated by studies that centre attention on the supply side (videlicet research investigating the entrance of IT in organizations and the implications that new technology have to these), while usercentred research (demand side) is still scarce. Our study, focusing on how citizens relate to the internet in general and e-government in particular, therefore helps to bridge a knowledge gap within the field.

    Our survey is based on a questionnaire sent to 2 000 randomly selected persons, all registered at the Swedish Public Employment Service. Of these, 762 job seekers responded, which gives us a frequency rate of 40 percent. The questions asked were related to the job seekers’ usage of and attitudes towards the internet in general and the agency’s webpage in particular, but also to their attitudes to the Swedish Public Employment Service.

    The main results show that social factors, particularly education, play a major role for the job seekers’ ability to use the web based services offered by the agency. People with a lower educational level are less inclined to use the agency’s website, and at the same time they experience the site as more complicated to use. We also found a strong link between the relations to the internet (access, usage, experience and attitudes) and the relations to the agency’s website. Those with advantaged internet relations – mostly well educated people, white collars and people living in bigger cities – also use the agency’s website more diligently and tend to have more positive attitudes towards it (and vice versa). Thus, its necessary to talk in terms of digitally well equipped and less well equipped groups.

    The unequal relations to the internet in general and the agency’s website in particular not only indicate that e-government is more suitable for the digitally well equipped, but that it in fact exclude those with less digital resources. This new kind of exclusion has great implications for the job seekers’ possibilities to enter the labour market, and to act their role as citizens. If e government also means a reformation of the citizen role – in the sense of increased individual responsibility towards the government - not bridging the digital divide will carry even more exclusion to those that’s already excluded.

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  • 6.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Political Science.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Political Science.
    Building trust in times of crisis: A panel study of the influence of satisfaction with COVID‐19 communication and management2024In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 32, no 1, article id e12531Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the relationship between citizens' satisfaction with government COVID-19 communication and management (SWCCM) and institutional trust. By employing a longitudinal approach, using three-wave panel data from Sweden from 2020 to 2022, the study addresses the current lack of research on the interplay between SWCCM and institutional trust across different stages of a societal crisis like the COVID-19 pandemic. The results show that SWCCM increased slightly over the pandemic period, while trust in institutions slightly decreased. The study also finds that changes in SWCCM predict changes in trust in institutions, suggesting that increased satisfaction with communication and management is associated with increased trust in institutions. Additionally, we find that higher initial levels of SWCCM contribute to a faster decline in trust over time. However, no evidence supports the idea that initial trust in institutions predicts changes in SWCCM. This suggests a unidirectional relationship where SWCCM is a key driver of institutional trust during a crisis. Overall, the study uncovers intriguing dynamics in the relationship between SWCCM and trust over time, and it emphasizes the significance of effective and consistent communication and management in maintaining and boosting public trust during crisis.

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  • 7.
    Abdukadir, Abdulle
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Kjellqvist, Samuel
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    En kvalitativ studie om lärares handlingsutrymme i en tid av mål- och resultatstyrning2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decades, the Swedish school system has gone through substantial changes which in turn has affected the teaching profession. New forms of governance have been implemented that are founded on the shoulders of New Public Management, where management by objectives and results has been incorporated into how the Swedish school is managed and controlled. The aim of the study has been to investigate how teachers view their professional freedom of action as well as which possibilities and limitations the management by objectives and results has given the teachers’ work situation. To investigate the issue, seven teachers have been interviewed. The teachers work at five different secondary schools in two municipalities situated in the west of Sweden. To collect the empiricism, a qualitative method has been used. The approach has been to conduct semi-structured interviews with the aid of a semi-structured interview guide. To analyse the empirical material theories based on professionalism, street-level bureaucracy and New Public Management have been used.

    The study indicates that management by objectives and results has affected the teaching profession. The respondents experience that they have a big freedom of action in judging students´ efforts but emphasize the difficulty of assessing regulations in the curriculum. The results also indicate that there is a wide acceptance amongst the respondents of evaluations and controls from external regulators. This consolidates the image of the teaching profession as a semi-profession amongst welfare professions.

  • 8.
    Abebe, Henok Girma
    et al.
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, Philosophy.
    Belin, Matts-Åke
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History.
    Edvardsson Björnberg, Karin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History, Philosophy.
    Equity and Social Justice considerations in road safety work: The case of Vision Zero in New York City2024In: Transport Policy, ISSN 0967-070X, E-ISSN 1879-310X, Vol. 149, p. 11-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses how Vision Zero (VZ) efforts in New York City (NYC) account for equity and social justice implications of road safety work. VZ policy documents, research literature, popular science and opinion articles on road safety work in the city were studied with a prime focus on equity and social justice. Twelve semi-structured interviews with stakeholders involved in road safety and transport planning in the city and at national level were conducted to gain an in-depth understanding of policy design, the adoption process, and the role of equity considerations in the city's road safety work. The results show that major equity and social justice issues arise in the adoption and implementation of VZ. These issues are primarily related to equity and fairness in the distribution of life saving interventions, the socio-economic impacts of road safety strategies, and the nature of community engagement in policy design and implementation. The findings point to a need for VZ practitioners to give due considerations to equity and social justice implications of VZ policies and strategies. Among others, it supports the need for understanding the nature of past equity and social justice problems in road safety and transport planning in the VZ policy design process. Moreover, the findings suggest the need for empirical studies on the socio-economic implications of VZ strategies and interventions.

  • 9.
    Abedinovska, Kadriye
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Urban Studies (US).
    Närvarande ledarskap: Innebörden och förväntningar av ett närvarande ledarskap utifrån medarbetarperspektiv2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to create an understanding of and knowledge about the meaning of a present leadership from an employee perspective and to identify which expectations employees have of a present leader. The meaning of a present leadership is a relatively unexplored area, shown by previous research. Qualitative method has been used in the study, in order to be able to analyze the empirical material and answer the aim and  purpose questions of the study. In order to define the work, the focus has been on public HVB operations, the data material consists of interviews with employees from different public HVB. The results of the study show that there are several important factors, such as physical presence, mental presence, trust and relationships, participation, confirmation, openness and receptivity, that are significant for a present leadership. The meaning of a present leadership differs between the respondents of the study, even if some of them have similar perceptions. Based on a constructivist theory, it can be concluded that employees' ideas about present leadership are based, to a large extent, on the concept of leadership, which is something that is constructed by  each individual by themselves. This leads them to creating their own expectations of their managers and how a manager should exercise leadership. 

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  • 10. Abrahamsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Vibeke, Bing
    Löfström, Mikael
    University of Borås, School of Business and IT.
    Familjecentraler i Västra Götaland2009Report (Other academic)
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  • 11.
    Abrahamsson, Markus
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Från havets bönders bad-djävlar till marinens EOD: en fallstudie i svensk försvarstransformation2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I avsaknad av ett existentiellt hot påbörjades efter kalla krigets slut en transformation av de europeiska försvarsmakterna. Den europeiska integrationen skulle öka staternas säkerhet varpå försvarbudgetarna sakta krympte samtidigt som EU:s fria rörligheter även förenklade rörligheten av skadliga och oönskade element. Kombinationen av bristande ekonomi och en utökad hotbild krävde flexibla och kostnadseffektiva förband. Försvarmakten deklarerade under perioden "strategisk timeout" där den strategiska försvarsplanering reducerades till ett minimum i syfte att istället identifiera Försvarsmaktens framtida förmågor samt vilka förband som skulle bistå med förmågorna. Den ursprungliga ambitionen reducerades kraf-tigt av krympande försvarsanslag och stor påverkan av regional- och industripolitik. För-svarsmakten befann sig i en kaotisk period där förbanden agerade främst för sitt eget bästa snarare än Försvarsmaktens.

    Under dessa förutsättningar var förbandens närvaro på den internationella insatsarenan en försäkring för förbandets överlevnad.

    Röjdykardivisionen utvecklade under perioden det nya förbandet marinens EOD med för-måga att röja minor både på land och under ytan.

    Uppsatsen har syftat till att förklara varför, i konkurrens med andra minröjande förband, Röjdyk tilläts utveckla en förmåga som sedan utnyttjades på den internationella landarenan.

    Denna uppsats gör en ansats att förklara fenomenet med hjälp av Graham Allisons tre förkla-ringsmodeller som betraktar händelser ur ett rationellt perspektiv, ett organisatoriskt per-spektiv och ett maktkampsperspektiv.

    Resultatet beskriver bl.a. att Röjdyk kunde utvecklas på grund av att förbandet var kostnads-effektivt och insatsfokuserat, producerade välavvägda och realistiska handlingsalternativ, hade den gemensamma viljan inom hela förbandet att sträva mot ett tydligt mål.

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  • 12.
    Adama, Onyanta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Garbage Politics: The Global Infrastructure Turn, Local Politics and Public-Private Partnership in Lagos, Nigeria2023In: Africa Review, ISSN 0974-4053, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 170-195Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article provides insights into how a Private Sector Partnership (PSP) between government and local firms in Lagos, Nigeria, became enmeshed in local politics. Drawing largely on primary data, it reports that aided by a discourse which positioned the PSP as the embodiment of local interests, the partnership was deployed by politicians to generate political capital. Furthermore, Mega Infrastructure Projects (MIP s) paved the way for the government to intervene in the partnership. The hiring of a foreign firm by the government was seen by local firms as an attempt to marginalise them and by politicians as a challenge to entrenched local powers. Local firms fought back by creating strategic alliances and networks with politicians. Hence, the PSP was turned into a site of resistance politics. Ultimately, the saga led to the unravelling of the partnership. At the broadest level, the article highlights how globally circulating neoliberal urban visions are grounded within specific cities.

  • 13.
    Adamson, Göran
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Partikortet, korporatism och autonomin inom akademin2018In: Kejsarens nya kläder: om New Public Management och de svenska universitetens sönderfall / [ed] Göran Adamson och Daniel Rauhut(red), Academic Rights Watch , 2018, p. 89-102Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Adamson, Göran
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland.
    Inledning2018In: Kejsarens nya kläder: om New Public Management och de svenska universitetens sönderfall / [ed] Göran Adamson och Daniel Rauhut(red), Academic Rights Watch , 2018, p. 9-22Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15. Adlercreutz, Tomas
    Beskattning av kulturhistoriskt värdefulla samlingar: remisser1991In: Kulturmiljövård, ISSN 1100-4800, Vol. [16], no 2, p. 63-64Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 16. Adlercreutz, Tomas
    Effektivare förvaltning av kyrkans förmögenhet: yttranden1991In: Kulturmiljövård, ISSN 1100-4800, Vol. [16], no 2, p. 64-64Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 17. Adlercreutz, Tomas
    Statistik över utförselärenden: notiser1991In: Kulturmiljövård, ISSN 1100-4800, Vol. [16], no 2, p. 62-62Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 18.
    Agevall, Lena
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Jenner, Håkan
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Dealing with dilemmas: A fundamental task in police work2007In: In Tension between Organization and Profession: Professionals in Nordic Public Services, Nordic Academic Press, Lund , 2007, p. 169-191Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter is based on a survey of Swedish and international police research. A fundamental task in police work is discussed: dealing with dilemmas. These have to be handled in a judiciously way by the police officers, as there are no absolute answers to the question of how to act in various situations. The reasoning is linked to questions about multi-functional organizations and competence.

  • 19.
    Aguinis, Herman
    et al.
    George Washington University, USA.
    Kraus, Sascha
    Free University of Bozen Bolzano, Italy.
    Pocek, Jasna
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Economics.
    Meyer, Natanya
    University of Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Jensen, Søren H.
    Copenhagen Business School, Denmark.
    The why, how, and what of public policy implications of tourism and hospitality research2023In: Tourism Management, ISSN 0261-5177, E-ISSN 1879-3193, Vol. 97, article id 104720Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We synthesized policy implications of tourism and hospitality research by reviewing 12,269 articles published in 10 leading journals from 2011 to 2021. The most common rationale for policies (i.e., the why) is market failure, while the most typical role of policies (i.e., the how) is to create incentives. In addition, policies are typically hybrid and include suggestions for formal and informal institutional setups (i.e., the what). Because our review revealed that only 114 articles (i.e., 0.93%) included the why, how, and what of actual policies, we offer a theory-based research agenda on policy-making focused on making tourism and hospitality more inclusive and focusing on evolutionary dynamics, providing an understanding of the impact of crises and contemporary solutions, focusing on resilience and institutional complexity, and addressing the actors and time dimension. Our results, combined with those of our suggested research directions, will benefit organizations and society and simultaneously enhance the perceived societal value-added, contributions, and stature of tourism and hospitality research. © 2023 The Authors

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  • 20.
    Agustina, Sri Pascarini
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
    Collaborative Governance in the Municipal Solid Waste Sector: Understanding the Collaboration Process in the Jakarta Collaboration Forum2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Municipal solid waste (MSW) management is a global concern due to urban population growth, particularly in developing countries. Collaboration among stakeholders in the MSW sector is vital for addressing the challenges associated with MSW management. However, initiating and operating collaborations in this domain are complex and have received limited attention in existing research. This study aims to understand collaboration in the MSW sector, specifically focusing on the factors influencing collaboration initiation and the collaboration process. The study utilizes the collaborative governance framework developed by Emerson et al. (2012) and conducts a case study on Jakarta's MSW sector, examining the Large-Scale Social Collaboration (LSSC) forum for waste management.

    The analysis highlights the significant influence of the political and policy landscape in creating an enabling environment for collaboration in Jakarta's MSW sector. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) play a crucial role in initiating and nurturing the collaboration forum. The presence of discussion spaces for the discovery of shared interests among stakeholders contributes to building trust. However, challenges arise from the diverse range of participants in the forum, hindering the identification of joint action. Government endorsement and the institutionalization of collaboration through a government decree are essential for fostering collaboration. This study suggests further research on applying collaborative governance in various MSW collaboration settings and investigating the interconnections among the elements.

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  • 21.
    Ahlberg, Joakim
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics Stockholm.
    Johansson, Anna
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics Stockholm.
    Etablering av konkurrerande snabbtågstrafik på Västra stambanan: översyn ur marknadens synvinkel2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As of October 2010 the railway market is liberalised. As a result, other operators than SJ could apply for track capacity also for long-distance passenger services, and the timetable for 2012 was the first timetable that was affected by the liberalisation. The Swedish railway network has, by definition, capacity restrains. The Swedish Transport Administration (Trafikverket) allocates capacity among those railway traffic operators that has applied for track capacity in the annual capacity allocation process. In the capacity allocation process for the 2014 timetable, four operators applied for capacity for long-distance high-speed train traffic between Gothenburg and Stockholm. In several cases the operators applied for the same train paths, which put Trafikverket’s applying of the process, the use of coordination and prioritization criteria, to the test for the first time since the liberalisation. VTI has interviewed the three largest of the above operators to receive information about how they experienced the capacity allocation process leading to the timetable for 2014 and to get their views on the possible obstacles that may exist for establishing a new operator on the railway market. The study was commissioned by the Swedish Transport Agency as a basis for their market surveillance in the area. The operators that are challenging SJ perceive that the capacity allocation process does not meet the requirement for competitive neutrality and non-discrimination. Both operators see the need for a more transparent process, with priority criteria that provide a more predictable outcome and which is carried out by the help of computerized tools so that the process can be implemented more efficiently and provide a more effective outcome. They argue that the construction of a timetable is so complex that it is difficult to, as now being done, manually make the most effective adjustments in the timetable necessary due to competing applications. The challenging operators therefore call for a review of the process to assess in which areas it can be improved.

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  • 22.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Att kontrollera förvaltningen: framväxten av ganskningssamhället2014In: Politik som organisation: Förvaltningspolitikens grundproblem / [ed] Bo Rothstein, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 5, p. 159-183Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur kan vi vara säkra på att rätt saker görs i statlig och kommunal förvaltning? Svaret är förstås att det inte finns några garantier för det, och därför måste någon form av granskning och kontroll till. Det blir särskilt aktuellt i välfärdsstater med ett omfattande offentligt åtagande, eftersom det är svårt för ansvariga politiker och för oss medborgare att själva hålla ett vakande öga över hela den offentliga verksamheten. Att granska genomförandet av offentlig politik handlar ju ytterst om att vi vill förvissa oss om att den i styrelseskicket delegerade makten att bedriva viss politik hanteras på ett ansvarigt sätt. Den typ av granskning som ska diskuteras i detta kapitel rör emellertid inte massmediernas eller det civila samhällets granskning av myndigheternas förehavanden, utan fokus ligger på de procedurer och institutioner för granskning och kontroll av den offentliga förvaltningen som finns inbyggda i det politiska systemet.

  • 23.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Kunskap och politik - mellan nonchalans och teknokrati2011In: Svensk Juristtidning, ISSN 0039-6591, no 8, p. 764-771Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förhållandet mellan kunskap och politik är inte okomplicerat. Kun­skapsstyrning kan nämligen utgöra minst två helt olika hot mot cen­trala demokratiska värden. Utredningar kan bli till tomma ritualer som motverkar sitt eget syfte och ger utrymme för kunskapsnonchalans. Men de kan också leda till att öppna diskussioner baserade på poli­tiska värderingar överges för vad som kan beskrivas som ett expert­välde. Kommittéväsendet har historiskt sett placerat sig i en delibe­rativ mittenposition där politiker och experter utifrån sina olika ut­gångspunkter försökt resonera sig fram till en ”bästa lösning”. Frå­gan är dock om de förändrade förutsättningarna för utredningarna riskerar att verksamheten antingen nonchaleras eller att den överlåts åt experter.

  • 24.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Om den missriktade lojaliteten2013In: Vågar du sticka ut hakan?: Texter om strukturellt betingad feghet inom kultur och utbildning / [ed] Maria Ericson och Stellan Larsson, Hägersten: Nationella Dramaturgiatet , 2013, p. 53-56Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Modet att vara besvärlig – när det behövs – är det en medfödd inre beskaffenhet? Är det inte snarare en demokratisk uppgift för var och en av oss? Den ökade politiska och ekonomiska styrningen inom kulturen, i skolan, på universiteten etc. riskerar med sina långtgående krav på snabba resultat att urholka den professionella integriteten och omdömet hos de som skavara de sakkunniga. Det krävs mod av den som ifrågasätter strukturer som anses nödvändiga eller till och med givna. Detta är en samling långa och korta berättelser och reflektioner från individer verksamma inom vitt skilda områden. Initiativtagare är den ideologiskt och religiöst obundna ideella föreningen Nationella Dramaturgiatet.

  • 25.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Paying Our High Public Officials: Evaluating the Political Justifications of Top Wages in the Public Sector By TEUN J. DEKKER2014In: Public Integrity, ISSN 1099-9922, E-ISSN 1558-0989, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 207-209Article, book review (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In most liberal democratic societies there is a recurring public debate about top wages in the public sector. The remuneration of top officials such as legislators, ministers, senior civil servants and senior judges is, indeed, a topic that can be discussed with great passion in the public debate. The reason that this issue attracts public attention is not only the fact that these groups are paid by public funds, but also that the salaries of high public officials are under political control. The latter definitely addresses ethical issues, such as: What can be considered a fair salary? Is there – or what would be – a tenable argument for a specific salary level for these top officials? In the research literature it has been concluded that the amount of rewards offered to high public officials, the manner in which the benefits are awarded, and the differences in rewards among officials within the same political system tell a great deal about how governments function. Hence, the remuneration of top officials can be seen as an important element of public governance (Brans and Peters, 2012). That said, very few academic commentators have in a systematic and comprehensive manner analyzed the validity and consistency of the arguments of this rather disorganized debate. However, in a recently published book titled Paying Our High Public Officials by Teun J. Dekker, the author sets out to fill this research gap. The purpose of the book is to illuminate the debate concerning the proper remuneration of high public officials by applying philosophical methods to political discourse. 

  • 26.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Universitetets nya arbetsordning: en konstitutionell landvinning2020In: Frihet, kollegialitet, studentinflytande: Uppsala universitet under Eva Åkessons rektorat 2012–2020 / [ed] Carl Frängsmyr, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2020, p. 95-105Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Boberg, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    The Decollegialization of Higher Education Institutions in Sweden2023In: Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy, ISSN 2002-0317, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 126-143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article surveys current management ideals of higher education institutions, and our analytical focus is on the balance between line management and faculty self-governance. It presents an empirical study of evolving governance structures including all 31 public sector higher education institutions in Sweden. The point of departure is the Autonomy Reform of 2011, which resulted in a deregulation of the Higher Education Act, and a loss of constitutional support for collegial bodies. To assess the consequences of the reform, we have examined collegial bodies and academic leadership posts before the reform (2010) and after (2020). Our findings show escalating line management in the appointment of academic leaders, a diluted role for collegial expertise, and a loss of decision-making authority for collegial bodies. What we observe is the decollegialization of higher education institutions. Our study contributes to the existing literature with an unusually comprehensive and fine-grained analysis of the consequences of new managerial ideals at the local institutional level.

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  • 28.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Boberg, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Ökad kontroll och ökad byråkratisering: En kartläggning av statens styrning av universitet och högskolor2024Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna rapport kartlägger vi den ökade kontrollen och ökade byråkratiseringen av framförallt de statliga lärosätena i Sverige under åren 1993–2023. Vi har analyserat utvecklingen av högskoleförfattningarna, regleringsbreven riktade mot universitet och högskolor (gemensamma och individuella) och relevanta sektorsmyndigheters, samt de generella författningar som träffar lärosätena antingen i egenskap av statliga myndigheter eller genom en mer generell räckvidd även bortom myndigheterna.

    Vår undersökning visar att det framförallt är generell lagstiftning kopplad till olika politiska målsättningar – tillsammans med staplandet av politiska mål i högskoleförfattningarna – som sammantaget resulterar i en orimlig administrativ börda för lärosätena. Den målträngsel som vi åskådliggör vittnar om en oförmåga hos lagstiftaren att prioritera. Även om en del av den generella lagstiftningen i någon mån varit aktuell redan vid undersökningsperiodens början så har den politiska ambitionsnivån på de flesta områden höjts avsevärt under senare år. Ytterst sällan åtföljs de stegrade ambitionerna av tillförda resurser, utan de nya eller ”förtydligade” uppgifterna ska istället i nästan samtliga fall utföras inom befintliga ekonomiska ramar. Vi menar att det är anmärkningsvärt att fler och fler byråkratidrivande regelverk införs utan att man vid något tillfälle diskuterar hur detta kommer att påverka lärosätenas möjligheter att bedriva kärnverksamheten.

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    Ökad kontroll och ökad byråkratisering
  • 29.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Bringselius, Louise
    Ekonomihögskolan, Lunds universitet.
    Forskning om den statliga revisionen i Sverige2017In: Den statliga revisionen i Norden: Forskning, praktik och politik / [ed] Louise Bringselius, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, 1, p. 61-68Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Medborgarnas ögon på makten och en grundpelare i vårt demokratiska styrelseskick. Så beskrivs ibland den statliga revision som bedrivs vid riksrevisioner runt om i världen. Här genomförs oberoende granskningar som ska säkerställa att medborgare och deras företrädare i parlamenten får kunskap om hur statligt finansierade verksamheter använder sina medel.

    Idag står den statliga revisionen inför en rad olika utmaningar i form av digitalisering, medialisering, globalisering, marknadisering och, inte minst, en allmän trängsel på granskningsmarknaden. I flera länder pågår därför en livaktig diskussion kring revisionens roll, inriktning och oberoende, samt kring det värde som den tillför.

    Den här boken utgör ett unikt bidrag till litteraturen om den statliga revisionen. För första gången samlas företrädare för forskning, politik och praktik från de fem största nordiska länderna i en gemensam volym på området. Syftet med boken är att stimulera kunskapsutveckling och dialog samt att inspirera till fortsatt forskning.

  • 30.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Bull, Thomas
    Högsta förvaltningsdomstolen.
    Hasselberg, Ylva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Stenlås, Niklas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Professions under Siege2016In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 118, no 1, p. 93-126Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to analyse the effects of New Public Management (NPM) reforms on three specific professional groups. From this investigation it is clear that the assumptions inherent in the NPM reforms have resulted in a clear breach of what we theoretically refer to as the professional contract between the state and the professions. We show in this analysis that our studied professional groups have lost central aspects of their professional autonomy. We problematize the perception that an ever-increasing demand for steering and control of professionals within the public sector should be perceived as something exclusively good. In addition to the costs of monitoring, the centrally important paradox of accountability should be taken into consideration, i.e. responsible interpretation and application of external accountability demands rest on the cultivation of the virtues that support good administrative judgement, the type of judgement that is threatened by the control-schemes presented in this article.

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  • 31.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Ledberg Knöchel, Sofia
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Björnehed, Emma
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Professional ambitions and organizational inertia: Analyzing the professionalization projects of the Swedish Military and Police2022Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the professionalization project of the Swedish military and police and the interplay between profession and organization. Previous literature has suggested that the relationship between professions and organizations are crucial for understanding matters such as organizational change and the development of professional work. Against this background, we start with the assumption that the relationship between professions and organizations is an important variable also for the development and evolvement of professionalization undertakings. We start by mapping ambitions and concrete measures, undertaken from the 1990s onwards, to professionalize these two forces. Following the understanding of professionalization as the scientification of work, we study changes in officer education as well as ambitions to increase the linkage between research and the conduct of professional work. We thereafter analyze to what extent the receiving end has adopted to the input side of these reforms, by studying the importance of scientification when it comes to what knowledge base officers rely on when conducting work; the linkage between scientification and admission, promotion and the status of officers as teachers or researchers. We conclude that there is no immediate correlation between efforts to reform these professional groups and their impact on the organization. Despite similar ambitions by the state, the Swedish military and police have responded differently. We further conclude that for externally initiated professionalization reforms to have an effect, they cannot solely target the professional groups, but also the organization.

  • 32.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Petersson, Olof
    Sverige behöver en oberoende riksrevision1999In: TLM:Thélème, ISSN 1103-8926, no 4, p. 27-33Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Frågan om Inga-Britt Ahlenius förordnande håller på att hamna i personfixering medan det grundläggande problemet förblir olöst: Sverige har en alltför svag granskningsmakt. Vi behöver en verkligt oberoende riksrevision. Det skriver Olof Petersson professor i statsvetenskap, och fil dr Shirin Ahlbäck expert på statlig revision.

  • 33. Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Sundström, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Förvaltningspolitikens organisering2020In: Statlig förvaltningspolitik för 2020-talet: En forskningsantologi / [ed] Peter Ehn, Göran Sundström, Stockholm: Statskontoret , 2020, p. 237-266Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 34.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Widmalm, Sten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Att göra rätt - även när ingen ser på2016In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 118, no 1, p. 7-17Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 35.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Widmalm, Sten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    NPM på svenska2013In: Patientens pris: Ett reportage om den svenska sjukvården och marknaden / [ed] Maciej Zaremba, Stockholm: Weyler förlag , 2013, p. 122-153Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 36.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Widmalm, Sten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Om att göra rätt även när ingen ser på2016In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 118, no 1, p. 7-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Året innan riksdagsvalet 2014 publicerade oppositionsledaren Stefan Löfven debattartikeln ”Välfärdens yrken måste få sin frihet och status åter” (DN debatt 2013-11-15). Inlägget avslutades med: ”Med en socialdemokratisk regering kommer välfärden få större resurser, ett nytt regelverk som sätter människa framför vinst och en ny styrning som utgår från de välfärdsprofessionellas kompetens och yrkesetik.”2 Det är ovanligt för politikens främsta företrädare att så tydligt göra partipolitik av det som vi statsvetare benämner förvaltnings- politik, dvs. idéer och åtgärder riktade mot förvaltningens organisation och arbetssätt (Petersson & Söderlind 1993: 8). Men nu har det alltså skett. Redan en månad efter att socialdemokraterna och miljöpartiet bildat koalitionsregering efter valet 2014 utfärdades ett pressmeddelande från Finansdepartmentet med budskapet ”Ny styrning bortom New Public Management” (23 oktober 2014). Innebörden var sammanfattningsvis att åter ge välfärdens professioner möjlig- het att använda sitt professionella omdöme i sitt arbete, och att utveckla nya styrmodeller för den offentligt finansierade verksamheten (jfr prop. 2014/15:1: 53). Så ser den dagsaktuella förvaltningspolitiska diskussionen ut, och frågan är vad som döljer sig bakom dessa formuleringar. Vad är det i idéerna från New Public Management (NPM) som man vill komma bort ifrån? Kort sagt, vad är det som skapar politisk mobilisering i denna fråga? 

  • 37.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Wockelberg, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Agency Control or Autonomy?: Government Steering of Swedish Government Agencies 2003–20172021In: International Public Management Journal, ISSN 1096-7494, E-ISSN 1559-3169, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 330-349Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A central claim of the NPM doctrine is that public sector organizations will deliver better quality and improve efficiency if managers are given more autonomy in managerial and operational decisions. At the same time the idea is to keep managers under close control, which has led to the introduction of result-control instruments. This balancing strategy is referred to as the paradox of autonomization. There is, however, still scarce knowledge on whether and how the proposed balancing techniques work. Using a unique database on Swedish government agencies this article aims to mitigate this deficiency (N=1752). A balancing strategy is mainly confirmed, since higher managerial and structural autonomy are balanced with more external results control by government. We show that governments’ attempts at more managerial approaches to public service provision in reality add new ex post controls without reducing the old ones. However, policy and financial autonomy are not balanced by increased results control—these dimensions diminish when controlling for budget size. This study is an answer to a general call for more objective measures for evaluating bureaucratic autonomy

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  • 38.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Wockelberg, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Constitutions and the Application of Public Management Reforms: Formulating a Research Agenda2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since constitutional aspects of public management reforms are rarely debated, scholars and politicians alike end up underestimating two fundamental problems in modern democratic political systems. The first concerns the effects that public management policies may have on power allocation within and outside the public sphere. Here the lack of critical analysis and debate concerns the fact that seemingly technical adjustments of the government’s tool box may end up changing the power allocation among actors vertically as well as horizontally. The second perspective, and the one to be discussed in this paper, concerns the reverse relationship, i.e. how constitutions influence public management policy reforms. The last decades have resulted in a global spread of ideas regarding how governments should manage public authorities and the public sector. In this paper we aim at identifying constitutional variables to explain the variation of how specific public management tools are applied in different contexts.

  • 39.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Wockelberg, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Government Steering over Two Decades: A Large-N comparison2016In: RC27 Structure and Organization of Government: Panel:  RC27.05 Out of Control or over Controlled? Incentives, Audits and New Public Management, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The post-NPM debate on government control of state authorities is un-decisive in both problem description and in terms of suggested remedies. ‘Wicked problems’ are said to call for re-integration of state executives, and for enhanced government control in order to increase coordination between public organizations. At the same time, excessive (performance) control is accused of posing a threat to professionalism in the public sector and to its problem solving capacity. In this paper we build upon Verhoest et al’s (2004) suggestion that we need to treat autonomy as a multi-dimensional phenomenon and argue the importance of adopting a nuanced analytical perspective on issues of too much or too little control. Using a unique data set containing information on nearly 20 years of governmental steering as this is expressed in yearly appropriation direction documents (N=1330) issued by the Swedish government, we a) map out how the government’s demand for performance information has developed over time, and b) as we treat performance information demands as one out of many policy instruments in a government’s toolbox we also look for specific and stable combinations of different policy instruments (represented by autonomy dimensions). Our findings show that the number of performance information indicators requested from governments in appropriation direction-documents have on a general level decreased over time. From our bivariate and multivariate analyses we have shown that any government’s inclination to e.g. demand less performance information from its state agencies in general comes with a less autonomous management model for the state agency.

  • 40.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Wockelberg, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Mature Agencification: A Multi-Dimensional Analysis of Autonomy2015In: Shaping the Future - Re-invention or revolution?, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Ahlbäck Öberg, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Wockelberg, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Nordic Administrative Heritages and Contemporary Institutional Design2016In: Nordic Administrative Reforms - Lessons for Public Management / [ed] Greve, Carsten, Lægreid, Per and Rykkja, Lise H, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, 1, p. 57-78Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter addresses the degree of autonomy, politicization and coordination capacity in the Nordic countries looking at variations across Nordic countries as well as between Nordic countries and other European models. The importance of the East Nordic model is addressed, and also the ministry-agency divide. In terms of autonomy, a distinction is made between managerial autonomy and autonomy in policy-making, and policy implementation respectively. The chapter looks at the question of increased politicization, that is, the degree to which politicians accept the professional expertise of senior civil servants. The chapter also looks at coordination capacity, addressing hierarchy and network arrangements as well as the quality of coordinating along the vertical and horizontal dimension.

  • 42.
    Ahlin, Douglas
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Hur Samverkan påverkar det brottsförebyggande och trygghetskapande arbetet: En kvalitativ analys av Örebro kommun samt Västerås Stads policy dokument och handlingsplan.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats var att analysera policys och handlingsplaner angående brottsförebyggande och trygghetsskapande arbete från Örebro kommun och Västerås stad för att sedan se hur dessa dokument liknar varandra samt skiljer sig åt. Uppsatsen ska även redovisa vilken utsträckning som samverkan påverkar det brottsförebyggande och trygghetsskapande arbetet. Bakgrunden till studien redovisar de nationella förändringar som har skett i Sverige angående polismyndigheten samt det brottsförebyggande arbetet. Studiens empiri alltså de offentliga dokumenten är inhämtad via kommunernas egna hemsidor. Både internationell samt nationell forskning har använts som underlag för denna studie. Teoretiska perspektiv om samverkan har använts som teoretiskt underlag för denna studie vilket är grunden för diskussionen i denna uppsats. Då har teorier om tvärsektoriell samverkan och samverkan mellan kommuner och myndigheter nyttjats. Analysverktyget som har använts är Carol Bacchis WPR-ansats som användes för att analysera policydokumenten och handlingsplanerna. I denna studie så avgränsas ansatsen till tre frågor som är mest relevanta till just denna analys. Slutsatser i denna studie visar att samverkan och ett kunskapsbaserat arbete är de centrala verktygen för ett fungerande brottsförebyggande och trygghetsskapande arbete. Slutsatser visar även att det finns få lokala skillnader mellan dessa kommuner vilket kan bero på nationella riktlinjer. Det krävs dock ett ännu effektivare arbete och en bättre resursfördelning då det finns stora brister i det lokala brottsförebyggande arbetet. En mer effektiv interkommunalsamverkan kan vara lösningen på de problem som representeras i materialet.

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  • 43.
    Ahlqvist, Nils
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Den lyssnande kommunen: Om medborgardialog ur förtroendevaldas, tjänstemäns och medborgares perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    For the last decades, the party memberships in Sweden have decreased from 600.000 to 300.000, although the general interest in politics have been stable during the same period. This situation can be percieved as a threat to swedish democracy; if the political parties are loosing contact with the citizens, the parties will also face the risk of not being able to canalize the views of the citizens. If that’s the case, the represenative democracy might loose legitimacy. These conclusions have triggered local municipalities in Sweden to launch ”civil dialogue”, innovative ways to include the citizens in public projects and welfare services, with the purpose to re-establish connection and trust between the public and civil sector. However, political studies suggest that civil dialogue rarely have succeeded to strenghtened democracy. In some cases, civil dialogue seemed to hurt trust and legitimacy in local municipalities. That makes the civil dialogue phenomenon interesting – how can attempts to reinforce trust and democracy result in a backfire? What in the core of civil dialogue might catalyze this backlash?

       The nature of civil dialogue suggest that cooperation between the public and civil sphere is becoming more acceptable, even desirable, in swedish politics. This development breaks with the traditional ways of public administration and bureaucracy in Sweden. However, the cooperation between the public and civil sphere is also the core of a new broad trend in public administration and governing, namely ”governace”. Governance refers to a way of adminstrating public affairs by the logic of networks, including the civil society in the public affairs with the purpose of making the public administration more effective and to find creative solutions on new problems. The first aim of this study is to recieve a new understanding how the subjective experiences of civil dialogue participants can affect legitimacy and trust, by analyzing the experiences of participants in a failed dialogue. The second aim is to explore wether civil dialogue is better understood as a part of a new broad trend in public buraucracy, governance, rather than more traditional bureaucracy. These aims are fulfilled using a case study, which has a swedish local municipality, Sunne, in focus.

       The results of the study suggests that none of the participants of the civil dialogue in Sunne experienced that they had ”been listened to”, which seems to be an important cause behind the negative result of the specific dialogue. The innovativeand failed attempt to strengthen the legitimacy of local democracy resulted in a negative reaction through the traditional channels of political participation. The study also suggests that civil dialogue and governace have some similarities regarding their main principles of value and general logic, but since the municipality of Sunne didn’t implement the steering logics of civil dialogue in its full practice, it’s hard to judge wether it should be perceived as governance or not.

  • 44.
    Ahlstrand, Ludvig
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Nguyen, Thanh
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Hur bör kvalitet definieras?: En tvärsnittsstudie om kvalitetstolkning inom offentlig respektive privat sektor2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research study was to examine how personnel in both public and private health care centers within Borås, construe and evaluate the concept of quality within the basis of our study. Data was gathered by surveys provided in two forms: printouts and digital copies to personnel in public and private health care centers, within the municipality of Borås. The evaluation of quality is according to many, fluctuating. Moreover, this means that there is a difficult process of defining the concept of quality to a general aspect, to the extent where theories and previous research agree with this statement accordingly. This study also analyzes other notions related to the concept of quality. These notions and concepts are defined as service and efficiency, but we also included competition as an external factor that influences the concept of quality since previous research has done the same. The respondents within public and private health care centers yielded very similar results, but also highlighted additional aspects that may affect quality. These aspects where provided by letting the respondents freely highlight factors that they assumed could affect quality.

    Along with considering previous research, this study, concludes that the notion of quality is a familiar term to many, yet is a fluctuating concept. This means that many individuals are sure to have some understanding of the concept of quality, but there is great uncertainty in how to define it. Within health care centers, we recommend further research exploring the concept of quality in order to utilize it more frequently among internal investigations, which organizations should be able to perform themselves.

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    A-K2017:38
  • 45.
    Ahmad, Muhammad Ovais
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013).
    Iftikhar, Ahmad
    University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan.
    Iqra, Sadaf Khan
    Aalto University, Finland.
    An Empirical Investigation on Electronic Government Services Continuance and Trust2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Trust is an important factor that contributes to citizens' willingness to continuance use of e-gov services. However, there is a lack of prior investigation about trust and continuance use of e-gov services in Pakistan - a developing country. We propose a model to investigate citizens' trust and e-gov services' continuous use intention to fill this research gap. Our study collected data from an online survey of 558 Pakistani citizens. Using partial least squares analysis, we found that disposition to trust positively correlates with both internet and government trust. Moreover, citizen satisfaction, trust, perceived usefulness, confirmation, and perceived risk all have significant impacts on the continuous use intention of e-gov services. This research extends and validates the Expectation-Confirmation Model by exploring key factors that influence e-gov continuance use intention. As such, our study offers valuable insights for policymakers and practitioners involved in e-gov service delivery in developing countries like Pakistan. The paper also discusses our findings' implications and identifies future research directions.

  • 46.
    Alamaa, Linda
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Hall, Patrik
    Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Löfgren, Karl
    School of Government, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.
    Why are organisational professionals expanding in the Swedish public sector? The role of accountability2024In: Public Policy and Administration, ISSN 0952-0767, E-ISSN 1749-4192Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent research shows that new types of high-skilled administrators, what we in this article label organisational professionals, have amplified their presence in public sector organisations in relation to other types of public sector employees. Our purpose is to analyse how organisational accountability can be seen as a driver behind the expansion of organisational professionals. Intensified political and administrative pressures seem to be driving this process, but there also seems to be internal turfs in which the different parts of the government administration seek to hold each other accountable, a process possibly amplified by professionalising ambitions of the organisational professionals. The article concludes that the bureaucratising effect of accountability demands ought to be highlighted more in critical research of accountability. The study is based on semi-structured interviews and focus groups with public sector professionals in Sweden from different policy sectors and government levels.

  • 47.
    Alamaa, Linda
    et al.
    Halmstad Univ, Halmstad, Sweden..
    Hall, Patrik
    Malmö University, Faculty of Culture and Society (KS), Department of Global Political Studies (GPS).
    Löfgren, Karl
    Victoria Univ Wellington, Sch Govt, Wellington, New Zealand..
    Why are organisational professionals expanding in the Swedish public sector?: The role of accountability2024In: Public Policy and Administration, ISSN 0952-0767, E-ISSN 1749-4192Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent research shows that new types of high-skilled administrators, what we in this article label organisational professionals, have amplified their presence in public sector organisations in relation to other types of public sector employees. Our purpose is to analyse how organisational accountability can be seen as a driver behind the expansion of organisational professionals. Intensified political and administrative pressures seem to be driving this process, but there also seems to be internal turfs in which the different parts of the government administration seek to hold each other accountable, a process possibly amplified by professionalising ambitions of the organisational professionals. The article concludes that the bureaucratising effect of accountability demands ought to be highlighted more in critical research of accountability. The study is based on semi-structured interviews and focus groups with public sector professionals in Sweden from different policy sectors and government levels.

  • 48.
    Al-Bayati, Zinah
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Navin, Laila
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
    Ensamkommande barn-från ankomst till inkomst: En kvalitativ studie om upplevelser av socialtjänstpersonal om ensamkommande barn som har anlänt i Sverige år 2015 och senare2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Statistics shows that 35 369 unaccompanied children applied for asylum in Sweden in 2015. It was a dramatic increase in number of asylum seekers as compared to the previous years and the following years. There were insufficiencies in performance of Social Services regarding unaccompanied children in previous years under normal circumstances. We wanted to study if the Social services were able to meet the basic needs and rights of the unaccompanied children in accordance with the Social Services Act and the UN’s Children’s Convention after the huge influx of asylum seekers in Sweden in a short span of time in 2015.

    Objective: The purpose of our research was to study the experiences of personnel of The Social Services about their performance of their duty regarding integration and empowerment of unaccompanied children who have come to Sweden in 2015 and onwards. Our question formulation was: How have the personnel of the social services performed their duties regarding integration of unaccompanied children who have come to Sweden in 2015 and onwards?

    Method: Qualitative method was chosen for this study in which we formulated a questionnaire consisting of 20 semi-structured questions and interviewed a group of nine experienced social workers in Gothenburg region. The interviews were done digitally or by telephone due to Corona pandemic. All the interviews were recorded and then transcribed.

    Results: The respondents had experienced the situation in 2015 as “stressful”, “very tough”, “chaotic” and “overwhelming” as neither the counties nor the society at large was ready for such a huge influx of refugees. As a consequence, the basic needs of the unaccompanied children were not fulfilled, such as right to shelter, and allocation of case officers and legal guardians were delayed. It had a negative effect on the children’s integration process and uncertainty about their asylum process had caused psychiatric illness.

    Conclusion: The social workers could not follow their guidelines of in accordance with The Social Services Act in 2015. They were instead forced to prioritize the basic needs of the children, such accommodation, daily expenses and school over integration and empowerment. It got better, however, as the situations improved later on as the counties had employed more social workers, interpreters and legal guardians.

    Download full text (pdf)
    A-K2020:35
  • 49.
    Albinsson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Arnesson, Kerstin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Chefspositionen i en svensk kommunal organisation: Möjligheter och begränsningar2017Other (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Albrecht, Martin
    KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
    Nordic power road map 2050: Strategic choices towards carbon neutrality. D4.1.R Institutional grid review.2013Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
1234567 1 - 50 of 2886
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