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  • 1.
    Aaby, Jacqueline
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Ekblom, Jakob
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Hur blev det med hälsan?: En kvalitativ studie om elevers syn på hälsa i ämnet Idrott och hälsa i årskurs nio.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka vilken uppfattning elever i årskurs nio har om hälsa. Ämnet Idrott och hälsa bedrivs på olika sätt och syftet med studien är även att få en klarare bild över hur eleverna upplever att de arbetar med hälsa i undervisningen. Genom intervjuer vill vi höra elevernas tankar och erfarenheter om hälsa och vad de skulle vilja lära sig mer om. Vi vill även veta vad de tycker är viktigt för att kunna påverka sin framtida hälsa.

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    Självständigt arbete 2IDÄ06
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    Bilaga 1
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    Bilaga 2
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    Bilaga 3
  • 2.
    Aarskog, Eirik
    et al.
    Department of Teacher Education and Outdoor Life Studies, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Barker, Dean
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Spord Borgen, Jorunn
    Department of Sports, Physical Education and Outdoor Studies, University of South-Eastern Norway, Notodden, Norway.
    'When it's something that you want to do.': Exploring curriculum negotiation in Norwegian PE2022In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786, Vol. 27, no 6, p. 640-653Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Student participation in curriculum negotiation has been widely regarded as beneficial for student engagement, motivation, and learning. Within the physical education (PE) context however, several scholars claim that these benefits are seldom realized. Interestingly, most investigations into curriculum negotiation in PE focus on teacher actions and behavior. Investigations of students' actions in curriculum negotiation are rare. Further, while much of the literature claims curriculum negotiation is potentially beneficial for student learning, few of the conceptual and analytical frameworks utilized within previous PE literature are based on explicit learning theories.

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore student participation in curriculum negotiation in Norwegian PE through the lens of an explicit learning theoretical perspective.

    Method: A 10th grade class with 23 students (age 15-16) and an 8th grade class with 30 students (age 13-14) from 2 different schools, and their respective teachers were recruited for the project. Within these classes, participatory observation, video observations, and stimulated recall interviews were conducted to produce empirical material related to curriculum negotiation. The material then underwent qualitative thematic analysis where select parts of John Dewey's educational philosophy were used as the analytical framework.

    Results and discussion: With a basis in the analytical framework developed from Deweyan educational philosophy, the results show that students within the two contexts participate in both explicit and implicit forms of curriculum negotiation. Explicit curriculum negotiations to a large degree appear to be governed by the teachers and are deemed by teachers to be part of strategies for upholding Norwegian legislations and recommendations for including students in curricular decision-making. While not as easily noticeable, implicit forms of negotiations were more prominent within the explored contexts. The analysis also suggests that from a Deweyan perspective, possibilities to increase learning through curriculum negotiations occur when teachers notice, help, and guide students in their own reflective processes surrounding how to act in PE. Such pedagogical action makes implicit negotiations occurring more explicit, and explicit negotiations more intelligent.

  • 3.
    Aasa, Björn
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics. Norrlandsklinikens hälsocentral, Umeå, Sweden.
    Berglund, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
    Michaelson, Peter
    Luleå Tekniska Universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för hälsa och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Individualized low-load motor control exercises and education versus a high-load lifting exercise and education to improve activity, pain intensity, and physical performance in patients with low back pain: a randomized controlled trial2015In: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, ISSN 0190-6011, E-ISSN 1938-1344, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 77-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Study Design Randomized controlled trial. Background Low back pain is a common disorder. Patients with low back pain frequently have aberrant and pain-provocative movement patterns that often are addressed with motor control exercises. Objective To compare the effects of low-load motor control (LMC) exercise and those of a high-load lifting (HLL) exercise. Methods Seventy participants with recurrent low back pain, who were diagnosed with nociceptive mechanical pain as their dominating pain pattern, were randomized to either LMC or HLL exercise treatments. Participants were offered 12 treatment sessions over an 8-week period. All participants were also provided with education regarding pain mechanisms. Methods Participants were assessed prior to and following treatment. The primary outcome measures were activity (the Patient-Specific Functional Scale) and average pain intensity over the last 7 days (visual analog scale). The secondary outcome measure was a physical performance test battery that included 1 strength, 3 endurance, and 7 movement control tests for the lumbopelvic region. Results Both interventions resulted in significant within-group improvements in pain intensity, strength, and endurance. The LMC group showed significantly greater improvement on the Patient-Specific Functional Scale (4.2 points) compared with the HLL group (2.5 points) (P<.001). There were no significant between-group differences in pain intensity (P = .505), strength, and 1 of the 3 endurance tests. However, the LMC group showed an increase (from 2.9 to 5.9) on the movement control test subscale, whereas the HLL group showed no change (from 3.9 to 3.1) (P<.001). Conclusion An LMC intervention may result in superior outcomes in activity, movement control, and muscle endurance compared to an HLL intervention, but not in pain intensity, strength, or endurance.

  • 4.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Sport Sciences.
    Berglund, Lars
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Sport Sciences.
    A descriptive analysis of functional impairments and patho-anatomical findings in eight powerlifters2020In: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, ISSN 0022-4707, E-ISSN 1827-1928, Vol. 60, no 4, p. 582-593Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a common pain problem in powerlifters. There is a lack of evidence to guide powerlifters and health-care professionals in understanding the role of powerlifting in the development of LBP and treatment of injuries in powerlifters. This study aimed to describe functional impairments and patho-anatomical findings in eight powerlifters with and without LBP. METHODS: First, four powerlifters with LBP were recruited. Each powerlifter was then matched with a pain-free lifter (Control) by age, Body Mass Index and competition weight class. They all performed physical performance tests and were examined with magnetic resonance imaging. Four weeks prior to the examination the powerlifters also recorded training load. Powerlifters with LBP were also examined by a physiotherapist in order to define their pain and impairments. RESULTS: The four male powerlifters with LBP had a nociceptive pain associated with non-ideal squatting technique, higher flexibility in their lumbar spine than in their hips and patho-anatomical findings such as degenerated discs (four), spondylolysis (one) and spinal stenosis (one). However, the controls also showed similar functional impairments and patho-anatomical findings. CONCLUSIONS: Powerlifters with and without LBP show similar functional impairments and patho-anatomical findings. However, powerlifters' LBP seems associated with pain during movement and loading of the lumbar spine. The association and causation between specific functional impairments, patho-anatomical findings and LBP in powerlifters has to be further investigated in studies including more participants.

  • 5.
    Aasa, Ulrika
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
    Paulin, Johan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Madison, Guy
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Correspondence between physical self-concept and participation in, and fitness change after, bi-weekly body conditioning classes in sedentary women2017In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, ISSN 1064-8011, E-ISSN 1533-4287, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 451-461Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of the study were (1) to investigate the effects of participation in low impact body conditioning classes on physical fitness in sedentary women at different ages and (2) to examine the correspondence between physical self-concept and participation in, and fitness change after, the participation. Ninety-two sedentary women (mean age 44.2 years) participated in 11-weeks of bi-weekly classes that included cardiovascular, strength, core, endurance and mobility exercises, all performed in synchrony with music. Cardiorespiratory fitness, maximal lifting strength, mobility and balance tests were performed pre- and post the exercise period and the short-form Physical Self-Description Questionnaire (PSDQ-S) was completed. Zero-order Spearman correlation analyses showed that women who rated the PSDQ-S dimension Sport competence higher participated in a larger number of sessions (rs=0.24, p=0.040). At post-tests, all participants had increased their balance, the participants aged 20-34 years had increased their lifting strength, and the participants aged 35-65 years had increased their cardiorespiratory fitness and mobility. Most PSDQ-S dimensions did not affect performance change, but the perception of being physically active was related to increased cardiovascular fitness. We conclude that women with a sedentary lifestyle who wish to increase their physical capacity benefit from music exercise and that inquiries about perceived sport competence and physical activity can improve recommendations made by strength and conditioning professionals.

  • 6.
    Ababai, Alexander
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics.
    Ghozzi, Eminn
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics.
    Varför slutar tjejer med fotboll?: En intervjustudie utifrån tränares perspektiv på avhopp bland fotbollstjejer i de övre tonåren2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte

    Syftet med arbetet är att, utifrån ett tränarperspektiv, undersöka varför tjejer i de övre tonåren väljer att sluta med fotboll som föreningsidrott. Ytterligare ett syfte är att undersöka tränares syn på avhopp bland tjejer i de övre tonåren och hur man kan arbeta för att behålla tjejerna ännu längre inom fotbollsföreningarna.

    1. Varför slutar tjejer i de övre tonåren med fotboll som föreningsidrott?

    2. Hur kan tränare fortsatt motivera tjejer i de övre tonåren till vidare spelande?

    Metod

    Metoden som använts är kvalitativ och det har genomförts 5 intervjuer av semistrukturerad karaktär. Undersökningspersonerna har tagits fram genom kontakt med 5 olika klubbar i Stockholmsområdet. Sedan analyserades intervjuerna utifrån narrativ och induktiv analysmetod. Intervjuerna analyserades utifrån två olika teoretiska utgångspunkter, Antonovskys (1991) teori om känsla av sammanhang och Lars – Magnus Engströms (2014)teori om prestationspraktiken.

    Resultat

    Resultatet som presenteras i den första frågeställningen är att tjejer i de övre tonåren slutar med fotboll som föreningsidrott av flera olika skäl. Exempelvis brist på tillhörighet, glädje, motivation och prestationsångest. Samtliga undersökningspersoner var överens om att tjejer i de övre tonåren som utövar fotboll är i ständigt behov av att känna sig och bli motiverade. I den andra frågeställningen pratade undersökningspersonerna om att ständigt jobba med kortoch långsiktiga mål med sin grupp, nivåanpassa träning och match – mäta sig med jämbördiga. Slutligen pratade samtliga om att relationer är viktigt, att ha bra relationer med sina spelare leder i de flesta fall, enligt intervjupersonernas upplevelse, till att tjejer i de övre tonåren fortsätter spela.

    Slutsats

    Studiens slutsats är att tränare på olika sätt behöver arbeta med motivationen hos tjejer i deövre tonåren och att detta behöver göras genom relationellt arbete. För att behålla tjejer i de övre tonåren inom fotbollen ställs det krav på att tränare är medvetna om hur hög andel som hoppar av i de övre tonåren samt vilka faktorer som leder till avhopp. Vidare behöver arbetet vara främjande och pågå ständigt för att förhindra att motivationen hos tjejer i de övre tonåren sjunker.

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  • 7.
    Ababai, Alexander
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Mild, Martin
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Fotbollsföreningars inflytande på den nationella idrottsutbildningen: En kvalitativ studie som undersöker hur personer inom NIU ser på fotbollsföreningars inflytande2023Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The purpose of the study is to investigate how people who are active within NIU, position themselves to the organization´s selection and admission process in relation to the influence of elite associations. Furthermore, this study will create a better understanding of this through three research questions.In the research questions we use the word ’legitimze’, which in this case is synonymous with ’the stories of the respondents’.

    Research questions

    1. How do people working within NIU legitimize their activites?

    2. How do people working within NIU legitimize the selection and admission process to NIU?

    3. How do people active within NIU legitimize the elite club´s involvements?

    Method

    The study is based on the qualitative research approach where semi – structured interviews were the approach for data collection. We chose to proceed from a target – oriented and strategic selection when we selected respondents for our survey. Analysis of empirical data was carried out in two different ways, partly via an inductive perspective but also via narrative analysis. As a theoretical framework, we have chosen to start from the positioning theory.

    Results

    The results show that all the respondents position themselves in the fact that their activities are elite preparation. Elite preparatory selection and admission process was another theme that also stood out where the selection was largely about the soccer knowledge of the applicants. The third theme that we saw in the results was that the elite associations influence the businesses or try to influence them, with the motive of benefiting their own business.

    Conclusion

    In order for the activities, admission and selection to be considered elite, the students' football skills are the single most important aspect. What we also saw was that the club activities' interests in influencing were financial, commercial, and sporting.

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    Uppsats på avancerad nivå
  • 8. Abat, F
    et al.
    Alfredson, Håkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine. Alfredson Tendon Clinic Inc, Umeå, Sweden; Pure Sports Medicine Clinic, ISEH, UCLH, London, UK.
    Cucchiarini, M
    Madry, H
    Marmotti, A
    Mouton, C
    Oliveira, J M
    Pereira, H
    Peretti, G M
    Spang, Christoph
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB), Anatomy.
    Stephen, J
    van Bergen, C J A
    de Girolamo, L
    Current trends in tendinopathy: consensus of the ESSKA basic science committee. Part II2018In: Journal of experimental orthopaedics, ISSN 2197-1153, Vol. 5, no 38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The treatment of painful chronic tendinopathy is challenging. Multiple non-invasive and tendon-invasive methods are used. When traditional non-invasive treatments fail, the injections of platelet-rich plasma autologous blood or cortisone have become increasingly favored. However, there is little scientific evidence from human studies supporting injection treatment. As the last resort, intra- or peritendinous open or endoscopic surgery are employed even though these also show varying results. This ESSKA basic science committee current concepts review follows the first part on the biology, biomechanics and anatomy of tendinopathies, to provide a comprehensive overview of the latest treatment options for tendinopathy as reported in the literature.

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  • 9.
    Abat, Ferran
    et al.
    ReSport Clinic Barcelona, Blanquerna-Ramon Llull University School of Health Science, Rosselló, Barcelona, Spain.
    Alfredson, Håkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Sports Medicine.
    Sonosurgery ultrasound-guided arthroscopic shaving for the treatment of patellar tendinopathy when conservative treatment fails2023In: Anterior knee pain and patellar instability / [ed] Vicente Sanchis-Alfonso, Cham: Springer Nature, 2023, 3, p. 403-413Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Proximal patellar Tendinopathy, commonly denominated as Jumper´s Knee, is widely considered to be a challenge to treat (Abat et al. in J Exp Orthop. 3:34, 2016). The treatment of patellar tendinopathy focuses on reducing if not eliminating the pain and improving function. At present, there are a several distinct treatments oriented to that end, and a “gold-standard” treatment might be in sight. (Abat F, Alfredson H, Cucchiarini M, Madry H, Marmotti A, Mouton C, Oliveira JM, Pereira H, Peretti GM, Spang C, Stephen J, van Bergen CJA, de Girolamo L. Current trends in tendinopathy: consensus of the ESSKA basic science committee. Part II: treatment options. J Exp Orthop. 2018 Sep 24;5(1):38. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40634-018-0145-5.)

  • 10.
    Abat, Ferran
    et al.
    Department of Sports Orthopaedic, ReSport Clinic Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Maffulli, Nicola
    Centre for Sports and Exercise Medicine, Queen Mary University of London Barts and The London School of Medicine, London, United Kingdom.
    Alfredson, Håkan
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Sports Medicine.
    Lopez-Vidriero, E.
    Department of Orthopaedic, International Sports Medicine Clinic and Ibermutuamur Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain.
    Myers, C.
    Complete Physio, Tendon Performance, Sports Medicine Ultrasound Group (SMUG), London, United Kingdom.
    Gomes, S.
    Department of MSK Radiology, Clinica do Dragao Espregueira Mendes Sports Centre – FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence, Porto, Portugal.
    Chan, O.
    Department of MSK Radiology, BMI London Independent Hospital, London, United Kingdom.
    Clinical utility of diagnostic ultrasound in athletes with tendinopathy (ICL 22)2016In: Esska instructional course lecture book: Barcelona 2016 / [ed] Roland Becker; Gino M.M.J. Kerkhoffs; Pablo E. Gelber; Matteo Denti; Romain Seil, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2016, p. 217-223Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Chronic painful tendinopathy is common in elite and recreational athletes and in sedentary subjects; all may have to stop or decrease their level of physical activity [1, 2]. Midportion Achilles tendinopathy and for the younger and heavy loading population also patellar tendinopathy are problematic injuries. However, recent research on innervation patterns histopathology and pain mechanisms in Achilles and patellar tendons has led to an increased knowledge about the chronic painful tendon [3–6].

  • 11.
    Abdo, Manal
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
    Persson, Emilia
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
    En kvalitativ studie om idrottslärarens arbetssätt med högstadieflickor i relation till kroppsbilder2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The study gives an overall picture of how mental illness has become an increasingly common condition among children and young people. Therefore, teenage girls are a particularly vulnerable group with a higher incidence of mental illness, mainly due to society's pressure on norms and values ​​about appearance. Research shows that there is an interaction between mental illness and body dissatisfaction, and since girls in their teens spend a lot of time in school, it is of great importance to explore how the school works with this vulnerable group. The aim: The study’s aim was to explore how PE teachers work with body images among girls in the middle school. This is to increase understanding of possible factors that can affect the body image of girls in adolescence. Method: In order to be able to answer the study's aim, a qualitative choice of method was chosen in the form of individual semi-structured interviews in which a total of 10 participants had to represent the result. Result: The result is based on the PE teachers' experiences and thoughts on how to work with the subject body images among girls. Since there are no guidelines in the curriculum for how PE teachers should work with the problem, the public health work should therefore investigate the need for the volnurable group so that the PE teacher's work methods can be developed. Conclusion: Due to the limited research, there is a need to further study body image based on a qualitative and quantitative aspects to give a clearer picture of the PE teacher's way of working.

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  • 12.
    Abrahamson, Josefin
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Effekten av hög-intensiv löpning på prestation i två olika enbenshopp: en studie på oskadade kvinnor och kvinnor som genomgått rekonstruktion av främre korsbandet2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Most sport injuries including anterior cruciate ligament-injury (ACL) occur at the end of sport events when the person tends to be fatigued. Despite this, the tests commonly used today to assess whether the individual should return to sports are performed in a non-fatigued state.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to compare effects of 25 minutes treadmill running, including 15 minutes at a level of high-intenisty on the performance of two different single-leg hop tests between un-injured women and women who underwent an ACL-reconstruction.

    Method: Eight un-injured women without any ongoing symptoms from either leg, and 6 women who had undergone an ACL-reconstruction, finished the rehabilitation program and returned to their pre-injury level of activity performed tests at two different occasions. The first occasion included technique training for each single-leg hop and a maximal heart rate test (HRmax) on a treadmill. On the second occasion subjects performed the single-leg hop for distance and the cross-over hop before and directly after 25 minutes running, including 15 minutes on a high-intensity level (>RPE 15 and/or >85 % HRmax). Total jump-distance was measured, registered and analysed for 2 approved trials per leg, condition and hop. A leg symmetry index (LSI) was calculated to assess side-to-side-differences.

    Results: The cross-over hop was significantly shorter after running in both groups, whereas no such effect was seen for the single-leg hop for distance. No difference was shown between groups in performed distance, side-to-side difference or LSI-values, before or after running any of the single-leg hops. Subjects in the ACL-group needed significantly more hop-trials on the operated leg compared to the non-operated leg and compared to un-injured subjects to achieve two qualified hops.

    Conclusions: Subjects jumped shorter in the cross-over hop after running. This hop can therefore be regarded as sensitive enough to tell fatigued state from a non-fatigued state in both groups. The fatigue protocol did not induce any side-to-side differences in subjects who had undergone ACL-reconstruction, finished their rehabilitation and returned to their pre-injury activity level. Some insecurity may still have been present in the previously injured leg since ACL-operated subjects needed more hop-trials for the operated leg compared to the non-operated leg or compared to un-injured subjects when fatigue.

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  • 13.
    Abrahamsson, Caroline
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Westerin, Björn
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Effekter av shoulder dislocation exercise för styrkelyftstränande vuxna med subacromiell smärta: en single subject studie2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Subacromial pain is a common problem within sports. Exercise is the treatment of choice with subacromial pain. However, there is a lack of consensus regarding optimal exercise, doses and load. The shoulder dislocation exercise can be seen on social media as an effective treatment on subacromialpain, but without scientific backing.

    Purpose: To investigate the effect on mobility, activity limitations, general shoulder health and pain of the shoulder dislocation exercise on adult recreational powerlifters with subacromial pain.

    Method: A single subject study with A-B design were conducted on five individuals with subacromial pain syndrome who regularly trains powerlifting. Baseline phase (A) consisted of three measurements sessions for one week. Outcome measures for mobility was Apley’s scratch test; grade of activity limitation was evaluated with PSFS, pain was evaluated with number of positive provocation tests and the general shoulder health by the SRQ-S. The intervention phase (B) was during six weeks, performing the intervention three times a week split into three sets of ten repetitions. The results were analyzed using the 2SDband method and presented narratively for each participant.

    Results: Four of five participants significantly improved their mobility. Four offive participants clinically significantly improved their self-assessed activity limitations. No one improved their general shoulder health, but all five participants decreased number of positive provocation tests for subacromial pain.

    Conclusion: The shoulder dislocation exercise seems to improve mobility, activity limitations and number of positive provocation tests for subacromial pain, but not the general shoulder health in the population of adult recreationally powerlifters with subacromial pain. 

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  • 14.
    Abrahamsson, Sofia
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics.
    Fysträning för konståkare i Sverige: Hur bedrivs den idag?2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställningar: Syftet med denna studie var att kartlägga vilken typ av fysträning som bedrivs inom svensk konståkning idag.

    · Vilken uppfattning har svenska tränare om styrketräning i praktiken? 

    · Har åkarna samma uppfattning om styrketräning som tränarna eller skiljer det sig åt? 

    · Vilken typ av styrketräning bedrivs idag enligt tränarna? 

    · Vilken typ av styrketräning bedrivs idag enligt åkarna?

    Metod: Syfte och frågeställningarna besvarades med hjälp av en digital enkätstudie skapad via webbtjänsten Google Drive, där kvantitativ och kvalitativ data samlas in om styrketräning och konståkning. Den kvantitativa datan har sammanställts och redovisats via Microsoft Excel 2018 i deskriptiv form, och den kvalitativa datan bearbetades genom en innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Både tränarnas och åkarnas uppfattning till styrketräning är mestadels positiva. Resultaten visar även att den generella uppfattningen om tung styrketräning är mer positiv hos åkarna än hos tränarna. Tränarna förespråkade plyometrisk- och powerträning i större utsträckning. När det gäller styrketräning med eller utan vikter, hade båda urvalsgrupperna samma uppfattning. De tyckte att en kombination av båda är bäst för att det ska gynna konståkare. Dock uppger åkarna att de sällan eller aldrig använder sig av vikter vid styrketräning, och de har främst gemensam fysträning. Tränarna menade på att man hade en kombinerad fysträning av gemensamma och individuella pass. Det som också skiljde sig åt mellan grupperna var att tränarna uppgav i högre grad att de genomförde träning inriktat på styrka i gymmet, jämfört med åkarna. Åkarna uppger att de främst var utomhus eller inne i ishallen. 

    Slutsats: Denna studie har ett begränsade antal svar i relation till de 145 konståkningsklubbar som finns i Sverige. Resultaten visar att tränarna generellt har en positiv uppfattning om styrketräning, likt åkarna. Tränarna och åkarna har även en liknande uppfattning om vilken typ av träning som bedrivs, kopplat till litteraturen. Det tycks finnas skillnader om hur användningen av olika styrketräningsformer kan användas för att gynna konståkarnas utveckling på isen. Det skulle behöva genomföras en större undersökning inom området styrketräning för konståkare. Detta för att skapa möjligheter för SKF och konståkningsklubbar att stäva mot de eventuella åtgärder som finns. 

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  • 15.
    Abrahamsson, Vilhelm
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Ögren, Oscar
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    En didaktisk analys av idrottslärarstudenters möte med en akademiserad utbildning2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idrottslärarutbildningen har historiskt beskrivits som starkt traditionsbunden där praktiskafärdigheter har varit en del av det huvudsakliga målet med utbildningen. I takt med tiden harutbildningen genomgått en akademisering där teoretiska innehåll och forskningsfält har fåttallt större utrymme. På grund av utbildningens starka prägel av tradition lever uppfattningenom att praktisk kunskap är den mest värdefulla till viss del fortfarande kvar, trotsutbildningens numera teoretiska karaktär. Därav är syftet med denna studie att undersökavilka perspektiv som konkurrerar om att göra anspråk på undervisningstiden. Vidare ämnar viundersöka vilka didaktiska konsekvenser som riskerar inträffa till följd av den praktisk lagdaidrottslärarstudenten och en alltmer akademiserad utbildning. Som ett resultat avakademiseringen har flera kritiska perspektiv velat få mer utrymme på PETE. Dessaperspektiv ämnar vi undersöka och redogöra för i resultatdelen.

    Som metod för arbetet genomfördes en systematisk litteraturstudie. En systematisklitteraturstudie karaktäriseras av att kritiskt granska, systematiskt söka och sammanställalitteratur inom ett avgränsat område för att skapa en ny syntes av tidigare studiers data.Resultatet av studien identifierade följande kritiska perspektiv: Social justice, Genderequality, Interkulturell kompetens och Models based practice. Dessa perspektiv beskrivs idagsläget inte få tillräckligt mycket utrymme på utbildningen. I diskussionen analyserar viresultatet utifrån en didaktisk triangel och identifierar vilka didaktiska konsekvenser somriskerar inträffa till följd av en praktisk lagd idrottslärare och en alltmer akademiseradutbildning. Efter studien kunde vi komma till slutsatsen att idrottslärare riskerar fleradidaktiska utmaningar i sitt kommande yrkesliv. Om studenten inte värderar de kritiskaperspektiven under utbildningens gång riskerar både eleven och innehållet att drabbas.

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  • 16. Ackaret, N
    et al.
    Röthlin, P
    Allemand, M
    Krieger, T
    Berger, T
    Znoj, H
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics.
    Birrer, D
    Horvath, S
    Six-month Stability of Individual Differences in Sports Coaches’ Burnout, Self-compassion and Social Support.2022In: Proceedings from the 16th European Congress of Sport & Exercise Psychology (FEPSAC), FEPSAC , 2022, p. 237-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a three-wave prospective cross-lagged panel design, the study examined six-month stability of burnout, self-compassion and social support among sports coaches in terms of measurement invariance, mean-level change, rank-order stability, and structural stability. The participating coaches (N = 422; Mage = 44.48, SD = 11.03) completed an online questionnaire measuring self-compassion, social support, coach burnout and demographics at baseline and two follow-ups at three months and six months. The various forms of stability were assessed using structural equation modeling. There was no significant mean-level change in burnout, self-compassion, or social support, and all three constructs exhibited measurement invariance. Rank-order stability remained relatively high, ranging from .78 to .94 across the three time points. For all three constructs, covariances between latent factors were invariant over time, indicating high structural stability. While self-compassion and social support were positively related, both were negatively related to coach burnout. These results confirm the importance of preventing and addressing symptoms of burnout, low self-compassion and poor social support in sports settings.

  • 17.
    Ackeret, Nadja
    et al.
    Swiss Federal Institute of Sport Magglingen, Magglingen, Switzerland; Department of Psychology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
    Röthlin, Philipp
    Swiss Federal Institute of Sport Magglingen, Magglingen, Switzerland.
    Allemand, Mathias
    Department of Psychology and URPP Dynamics of Healthy Aging, University of Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Krieger, Tobias
    Department of Psychology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
    Berger, Thomas
    Department of Psychology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
    Znoj, Hansjörg
    Department of Psychology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics.
    Birrer, Daniel
    Swiss Federal Institute of Sport Magglingen, Magglingen, Switzerland.
    Horvath, Stephan
    Swiss Federal Institute of Sport Magglingen, Magglingen, Switzerland.
    Six-month stability of individual differences in sports coaches’ burnout, self-compassion and social support2022In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 61, article id 102207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a three-wave prospective cross-lagged panel design, the study examined six-month stability of burnout, self-compassion and social support among sports coaches in terms of measurement invariance, mean-level change, rank-order stability, and structural stability. The participating coaches (N = 422; Mage = 44.48, SD = 11.03) completed an online questionnaire measuring self-compassion, social support, coach burnout and demographics at baseline and two follow-ups at three months and six months. The various forms of stability were assessed using structural equation modeling. There was no significant mean-level change in burnout, self-compassion, or social support, and all three constructs exhibited measurement invariance. Rank-order stability remained relatively high, ranging from 0.78 to 0.94 across the three time points. For all three constructs, covariances between latent factors were invariant over time, indicating high structural stability. While self-compassion and social support were positively related, both were negatively related to coach burnout. These results confirm the importance of preventing and addressing symptoms of burnout, low self-compassion and poor social support in sports settings.

  • 18.
    Acson, Dennis
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Tillsammans får idrotten ett lyft: idrottslärarens och idrottsledarens inställning till samverkan inom Idrottslyftet2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställningar: Syftet med den här studien var att i ett mångkulturellt område undersöka idrottslärarens och idrottsledarens inställning till samverkan inom Idrottslyftet. Frågeställningar var följande:

    1. Vilka hinder respektive möjligheter upplever idrottsläraren med samverkan?
    2. Vilka hinder respektive möjligheter upplever idrottsledaren med samverkan?

     Metod: Undersökningens underlag bestod av intervjuer vilka har studerats med en kvalitativ metod. Urvalet utgjordes av tre idrottslärare och tre idrottsledare verksamma i mångkulturella områden. Materialet transkriberades och analyserades utifrån ad hoc-metoden.

    Resultat: Idrottslärarna ser samverkan som ett sätt att ge elever möjlighet att komma i kontakt med föreningsidrotten. Svårigheter som idrottslärarna upplevde där brister finns berör ledarbiten.

    Idrottsledarna ser samverkan som en möjlighet att möta och rekrytera barn i deras föreningsverksamhet. De ser samverkan som ett sätt för barnen att komma i kontakt med idrotten. Svårigheter som idrottsledarna nämnde gällde sådant som berör planering och tidsramar.

    Slutsats: Både idrottslärarna och idrottsledarna är generellt positiva till samverkan. Samverkan fyller en funktion och anses ha ett stort värde för de barn som inte har habitus att vara fysiskt aktiva på fritiden och/eller som har svårt att få kontakt med idrottsföreningarna. Samverkan fyller dessutom en funktion hos idrottsföreningar eftersom detta leder till nyrekryteringar i deras verksamhet. Eleverna och idrottsföreningarna vinner alltså på samverkan vilket blir ett lyft för idrotten. Men både idrottslärarna och idrottsledarna anser att det finns brister med systemet. Brister som är kopplade till de tidsramar som tillåts inom samverkan.

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  • 19. Adam, Andersson
    Lärarnas syn på friluftsliv i Idrott och Hälsa: En kvantitativ studie om Idrott och Hälsa lärares syn på undervisningen i friluftsliv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Outdoor education is becoming an increasingly larger subject in Swedish schools.  It makes up about a third of the curriculum in Physical education. In this quantitative study, the result shows that physical education teachers believe they have enough material resources to teach in outdoor education. However, this not applies to the students and the material they bring from home. The teachers feel that they have enough knowledge about outdoor education to teach in the subject and most considers that they have an area close to the school there they have opportunity to teach outdoor education. When it comes to how the school and colleagues are working with or against the physical education teachers, the teachers responded that a small majority of the schools work together with success regarding the curriculums in outdoor education. When it comes to how involved their colleagues are in planning and implementing outdoor activates the majority answered that they receive help from their colleagues.  

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  • 20.
    Adam, Eriksson
    et al.
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Sports Medicine.
    Victoria, Olofsson
    Smålagsspel för unga fotbollsspelare: yttre fysisk belastning och motivation.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Soccer is a high intensity sport with intermittent work that puts high demands on aerobic ability. To develop the aerobic ability for soccer players it’s common to use small sided games (SSG). The training method resembles a real match but is played on a smaller area with fewer players. In a sports context, previous research shows a connection between internal motivation and greater perceived happiness to the activity, as well as perseverance in performing activities at hand. This may affect the athlete's development and performance. This study compared the external load (Total distance (TD), sprints (SL), high speed running (HHL), accelerations (ACC) and decelerations (DEC) in SSG between different pitch sizes and number of players. Furthermore it was studied whether there was a difference between the motivation and sizes and whether there was a correlation between motivation and external load. Seventeen soccer players (18 ± 1 years) from a soccerc academy participated in the study. Global Positioning System data were collected from the Polar Team Pro application, allocated from the football club. SSG pitch sizes were 7vs7; 50m x 35-45m, 4vs4; 32m x 20m. TD were longer in SSG 7vs7 than in SSG 4vs4 (p <0.05), players made more accelerations (p <0.05) and decelerations (p <0.05) in SSG 7vs7. A survey based on the Situational Motivation Scale (SIMS) was used to measure the players' form of motivation; Internal motivation, identified regulation, external regulation and amotivation. The results showed no significant differences between SSG 7vs7 and SSG 4vs4 for the motivation forms. The results showed a significant negative correlation between amtoviation and TD in SSG 7vs7, and in identified regulation and SL in SSG 7vs7. This study shows that different layouts of SSG affect the external load of young soccer players in different ways and that the players’ motivation can affect the outcome of training and development. More research is needed on young soccer players to ensure reliable results. 

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  • 21.
    Adam, Sandy
    et al.
    Faculty of Sport Science, Institute for Sport Psychology and Sport Pedagogy, Department of Sport Economics and Sport Management, Leipzig University, Leipzig, Germany.
    Grønkjær, Allan Bennich
    Department of Sport and Social Sciences, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Strittmatter, Anna-Maria
    Department of Sport and Social Sciences, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Wohlfart, Olivia
    Center for Teacher Education, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany.
    Playing by the rules of academia?: The impact of an international research project on the professional identity development of early-career academics in sport management2022In: International Journal of Educational Research Open, ISSN 2666-3740, Vol. 3, article id 100173Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how participating in an international research project (IRP) can impact the way early-career academics (ECAs) perceive academia and thus their professional identity development. Based on neoinstitutional theory, we examine autoethnographic memory stories of six ECAs within sport management who participated in an international research project (IRP). These ECAs experienced an important professional socialization process into the institutional logics of sport management academia. We found that the academics' perception of doing research was influenced by reflection processes of and within the prevailing logics of the organizational field of sport management academia. ECAs benefit from participating in IRPs as they foster the ability to develop career decisions that will benefit them personally and professionally. The paper highlights opportunities of IRPs in contributing to transferable skill development for ECAs and concludes with recommendations for doctoral students and educators.

  • 22.
    Adams, Marc A.
    et al.
    Arizona State University, USA.
    Ding, Ding
    University of Sydney, Australia.
    Sallis, James F.
    University of California, USA.
    Bowles, Heather R.
    National Institutes of Health, USA.
    Ainsworth, Barbara E.
    Arizona State University, USA.
    Bergman, Patrick
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Bull, Fiona C.
    The University of Western Australia, Australia.
    Carr, Harriette
    Ministry of Health, New Zealand.
    Craig, Cora L.
    School of Public Health, Canada.
    De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse
    Ghent University, Belgium.
    Fernando Gomez, Luis
    Hagstromer, Maria
    Klasson-Heggebo, Lena
    Inoue, Shigeru
    Lefevre, Johan
    Macfarlane, Duncan J.
    Matsudo, Sandra
    Matsudo, Victor
    McLean, Grant
    Murase, Norio
    Sjostrom, Michael
    Tomten, Heidi
    Volbekiene, Vida
    Bauman, Adrian
    Patterns of neighborhood environment attributes related to physical activity across 11 countries: a latent class analysis2013In: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, E-ISSN 1479-5868, Vol. 10, article id 34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Neighborhood environment studies of physical activity (PA) have been mainly single-country focused. The International Prevalence Study (IPS) presented a rare opportunity to examine neighborhood features across countries. The purpose of this analysis was to: 1) detect international neighborhood typologies based on participants' response patterns to an environment survey and 2) to estimate associations between neighborhood environment patterns and PA. Methods: A Latent Class Analysis (LCA) was conducted on pooled IPS adults (N=11,541) aged 18 to 64 years old (mean=37.5 +/- 12.8 yrs; 55.6% women) from 11 countries including Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Hong Kong, Japan, Lithuania, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, and the U. S. This subset used the Physical Activity Neighborhood Environment Survey (PANES) that briefly assessed 7 attributes within 10-15 minutes walk of participants' residences, including residential density, access to shops/services, recreational facilities, public transit facilities, presence of sidewalks and bike paths, and personal safety. LCA derived meaningful subgroups from participants' response patterns to PANES items, and participants were assigned to neighborhood types. The validated short-form International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) measured likelihood of meeting the 150 minutes/week PA guideline. To validate derived classes, meeting the guideline either by walking or total PA was regressed on neighborhood types using a weighted generalized linear regression model, adjusting for gender, age and country. Results: A 5-subgroup solution fitted the dataset and was interpretable. Neighborhood types were labeled, "Overall Activity Supportive (52% of sample)", "High Walkable and Unsafe with Few Recreation Facilities (16%)", "Safe with Active Transport Facilities (12%)", "Transit and Shops Dense with Few Amenities (15%)", and "Safe but Activity Unsupportive (5%)". Country representation differed by type (e. g., U. S. disproportionally represented "Safe but Activity Unsupportive"). Compared to the Safe but Activity Unsupportive, two types showed greater odds of meeting PA guideline for walking outcome (High Walkable and Unsafe with Few Recreation Facilities, OR=2.26 (95% CI 1.18-4.31); Overall Activity Supportive, OR=1.90 (95% CI 1.13-3.21). Significant but smaller odds ratios were also found for total PA. Conclusions: Meaningful neighborhood patterns generalized across countries and explained practical differences in PA. These observational results support WHO/UN recommendations for programs and policies targeted to improve features of the neighborhood environment for PA.

  • 23. Adlard, Kirsten N.
    et al.
    Bolam, Kate
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology.
    Jenkins, David G.
    Skinner, Tina L.
    The influence of exercise intensity on fatigue in adults: a systematic review2016In: Research to Practice 2016: Conference Proceedings, Exercise & Sports Science Australia , 2016, p. 173-Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Adler, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Analys av gjorda och insläppta mål över matchtid i herrallsvenskan i fotboll2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den ultimata indikatorn på ett fotbollslags prestation är matchresultatet som beror på balansen av gjorda och insläppta mål. Syftet med studien var att analysera de allsvenska herrlagens målproduktion under säsongen 2010. Detta för att undersöka de svenska elitlagens förekomst av gjorda och insläppta mål över matchtid. Ytterligare syfte var att undersöka om framgångsrika och mindre framgångsrika lag uppvisar olika mönster gällande dessa parametrar. Samtliga 240 matcher, totalt 600 mål, från säsongen 2010 studerades på förekomst av mål över matchtid. Målen kategoriserades lagvis i åtta stycken tidsperioder. Lagen delades även in i tre olika grupper beroende på tabellplacering. Resultaten baserat på samtliga lag visade signifikant större andel gjorda mål under den andra halvleken jämfört med den första, 55,2% mot 44,8% (p<0,05). Inga signifikanta skillnader mellan 15-minutersperioderna kunde ses. Däremot sågs signifikanta skillnader mellan 15-minutersperioderna inom de olika grupperna. Topplagen uppvisade signifikant större andel insläppta mål under period 76-90min jämfört med 31-45min, 46-60min och 61-75min (p<0,05). Mittenlagen uppvisade signifikant mindre andel insläppta mål under period 76-90min jämfört med 31-45min, 46-60min och 61-75min (p<0,05). Sammanfattningsvis, svenska herr-elitlag följde en ökande trend av gjorda mål över matchtid med större andel mål under andra halvleken jämfört med första. Resultaten antydde även att topplagen uppvisade hög resultatmässig prestation genom hela matcherna medan bottenlagen uppvisade låg prestation och mittenlagen varierande prestation, vilket delvis förklarar varför grupperna placerar sig i toppen, botten och mitten av tabellen.

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  • 25.
    Adler Henerud, David
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Tränarlänken.
    En kravanalys i golf2005Student thesis
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  • 26.
    Adler-Henerud, David
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Svingrotationstyrka och svinghastighet hos golfspelare2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudent thesis
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  • 27.
    Adolfsson, Adam
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Ideellt engagemang: En studie om motivationen bakom det ideella engagemanget inom idrotten2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 28.
    Adolfsson, Jakob
    et al.
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Hallberg, Joel
    Halmstad University, School of Education, Humanities and Social Science.
    Digitala verktyg i ämnet idrott och hälsa: Ur ett lärarperspektiv i årskurs 7-9.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag ska det finnas digitala inslag i ämnet idrott och hälsa och skolan har generellt blivit mer digitaliserad. Det kan vara svårt att veta hur digitala verktyg kan implementeras i idrottsundervisningen, varför det ska användas och vad det egentligen medför till ämnet som är praktiskt inriktat. I dagens samhälle är det viktigt med digital kompetens både för lärare och elever, vilket kräver tid och kunskap. Syftet var att belysa digitaliseringen i skolan. Delmålen med studien var att undersöka digitaliseringens påverkan i ämnet idrott och hälsa samt hur digitala verktyg används i undervisningen under olika former. Studien genomfördes på olika skolor i Västra Sverige där tio idrottslärare med olika erfarenheter, kön och ålder intervjuades. Frågorna som behandlades i studien var hur digitala hjälpmedel och verktyg användes under lektionerna inom idrott och hälsa, varför digitala verktyg används för elevernas lärande inom idrott och hälsa samt vilka hinder digitaliseringen kan medföra i ämnet idrott och hälsa. Det som främst framkom i studien var att digitala verktyg inte används i alla moment utan främst i momenten dans, orientering och redskapsgymnastik. Det används även för att skapa ett formativt lärande och bedömningsunderlag. Hinder digitaliseringen medför var att det bidrar till stillasittande, mer skärmtid och mer arbete för idrottslärarna. 

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  • 29.
    Adolfsson, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Vad kännetecknar en bra idrotts- och träningsmiljö för elitsatsande inom längdskidåkning2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte

    Syftet var att ta reda på vad elitaktiva inom längdskidor anser vara en bra idrotts- och träningsmiljö.

    Metod

    Metoden som används är uppdelad i två olika ansatser. Den första ansatsen är inom den kvantitativa forskningen och utformades som en enkätstudie, där längdskidåkare har fått svara på frågor om sin träningsmiljö. Den andra delen av uppsatsen är utformad som en kvalitativ studie med semistrukturerade intervjufrågor baserat på ett mindre urval av de som svarat på enkäten. Detta skedde efter att resultatet av den kvantitativa studien blivit analyserat, för att utforma en intervjumall från enkätsvaren, i syfte att försöka få en djupare förståelse av detta problemområde.

    Resultat

    Resultatet visar att det finns en stor komplexitet i uppfattningen om vad som anses vara en bra träningsmiljö för längdskidåkare. Dock kan det urskiljas att vissa faktorer som viktigare än andra, till exempel vikten av att ha träningskamrater och god sparring för att kunna utvecklas. Värdet av att ha en tränare ansågs också viktigt. Resultaten visar även hur den elitaktive upplever sin träningsmiljö i dag och vad som efterfrågas.

    Slutsatser

    Det framkom tydligt att bristen på hjälp upplevs stor bland seniorer inom längdskidor. Att steget mellan junior och eventuellt gå på ett skidgymnasium, till att bli senior upplevs alldeles för stort, att det inte finns tillräcklig stödfunktioner, skolor eller träningsgrupper att tillgå som senior.

  • 30.
    Adolfsson, Peter
    et al.
    Institute of Clinical Sciences, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Endocrine and Diabetes Center, The hospital of Halland Kungsbacka, Kungsbacka, Sweden.
    Mattsson, Stig
    Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden; Endocrine and Diabetes Center, Falun Hospital, Falun, Sweden.
    Jendle, Johan
    Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden; Endocrine and Diabetes Center, Karlstad Hospital, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Evaluation of glucose control when a new strategy of increased carbohydrate supply is implemented during prolonged physical exercise in type 1 diabetes2015In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327, Vol. 115, no 12, p. 2599-2607Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: In healthy individuals, high carbohydrate intake is recommended during prolonged exercise for maximum performance. In type 1 diabetes (T1D), this would alter the insulin requirements. The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety of high glucose supplementation during prolonged exercise and the glucose control when a novel strategy of increased carbohydrate supply was implemented during prolonged exercise in T1D.

    Methods: Eight subjects with T1D participated in a sports camp including sessions of prolonged exercise and individualized feedback during three consecutive days. This was later followed by a 90 km cross-country skiing race. Large amounts of carbohydrates, 75 g/h, were supplied during exercise and the insulin requirements were registered. Glucose was measured before, during and after exercise aiming at euglycaemia, 4-8 mmol/L (72-144 mg/dL). During the race, continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) was used as an aspect of safety and to allow direct and individual adjustments.

    Results: Compared to ordinary carbohydrate supply during exercise, the high carbohydrate supplementation resulted in significantly increased insulin doses to maintain euglycaemia. During the cross-country skiing race, the participants succeeded to reach mean target glucose levels; 6.5 ± 1.9 mmol/L (117 ± 34 mg/dL) and 5.7 ± 1.5 mmol/L (103 ± 27 mg/dL) at the start and finish of the race, respectively. Episodes of documented hypoglycemia (<4 mmol/L/72 mg/dL) were rare. CGM was used for adjustments.

    Conclusion: In this study, large carbohydrate supplementation in T1D individuals during prolonged aerobic exercise is safe and allows the subjects to maintain glycaemic control and indicates the feasibility of CGM under these conditions.

  • 31. Adolfsson, Peter
    et al.
    Roos, Harald
    Lunds universitet.
    Östenberg, Anna
    Lunds universitet.
    Speciella aspekter på damfotboll1998In: Fotbollsmedicin, Solna: Svenska fotbollförbundet , 1998, 1, p. 435-450Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32. Afrasiabi, Soran
    Kroppsideal i skolan2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 33.
    Ageberg, E.
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Lund, Sweden..
    Bunke, S.
    Lund Univ, Lund, Sweden..
    Linnell, J.
    Lund Univ, Lund, Sweden.;Swedish Handball Federat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Moesch, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV). Lund Univ, Lund, Sweden..
    Co-creating injury prevention education and training for youth handball players targeting end-users at the individual, team and organizational levels2023In: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, ISSN 1063-4584, E-ISSN 1522-9653, Vol. 31, p. S19-S20Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Research has established that physical and psychological injury prevention training is effective in reducing injuries in youth team sports, but public health impact tends to be limited because such training is not widely, properly, or sustainably implemented. Insufficient involvement of end-users at the individual and organizational levels has been identified as a main barrier to implementation. Against this backdrop, the ‘Implementing injury Prevention training ROutines in TEams and Clubs in youth Team handball (I-PROTECT)’ project was initiated through dialogue between end-users and researchers with the goal of making injury prevention training an integral part of regular practice in youth handball through a series of studies. We have conducted studies within I-PROTECT and identified numerous barriers and facilitators, and address these determinants when designing the intervention.  

  • 34.
    Ageberg, Eva
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Brodin, Eva M
    Department of Educational Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden; Centre for Higher and Adult Education (CHAE), Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
    Linnéll, Jennie
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Moesch, Karin
    Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Donaldson, Alex
    Centre for Sport and Social Impact (CSSI), La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
    Adébo, Emme
    Regional Handball Federation in South Sweden, Lund, Sweden.
    Benjaminse, Anne
    Center for Human Movement Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands; School of Sport Studies, Hanze University Groningen School of Social Studies, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Ekengren, Johan
    School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Granér, Simon
    Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Johnson, Urban
    School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Lucander, Karolina
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Myklebust, Grethe
    Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Norwegian School of Sports Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Møller, Merete
    Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Norwegian School of Sports Sciences, Oslo, Norway; Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Tranaeus, Ulrika
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics. Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bunke, Sofia
    Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Cocreating injury prevention training for youth team handball: bridging theory and practice2022In: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, E-ISSN 2055-7647, Vol. 8, no 2, article id e001263Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although it is advocated that end-users are engaged in developing evidence-based injury prevention training to enhance the implementation, this rarely happens. The ‘Implementing injury Prevention training ROutines in TEams and Clubs in youth Team handball (I-PROTECT)’ uses an ecological participatory design incorporating the perspectives of multiple stakeholders throughout the project. Within the I-PROTECT project, the current study aimed to describe the development of holistic injury prevention training specifically for youth handball players through using knowledge from both end-users (coaches and players) and researchers/handball experts. Employing action evaluation within participatory action research, the cyclical development process included three phases: research team preparation, handball expert-based preparation and end-user evaluation to develop injury prevention training incorporating both physical and psychological perspectives. To grow the knowledge of the interdisciplinary research team, rethinking was conducted within and between phases based on participants’ contributions. Researchers and end-users cocreated examples of handball-specific exercises, including injury prevention physical principles (movement technique for upper and lower extremities, respectively, and muscle strength) combined with psychological aspects (increase end-user motivation, task focus and body awareness) to integrate into warm-up and skills training within handball practice. A cyclical development process that engaged researchers/handball experts and end-users to cocreate evidence-based, theory-informed and context-specific injury prevention training specifically for youth handball players generated a first pilot version of exercises including physical principles combined with psychological aspects to be integrated within handball practice.

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  • 35.
    Ageberg, Eva
    et al.
    Department Of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Brodin, Eva M.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden; Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
    Linnéll, Jennie
    Department Of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Moesch, Karin
    Department Of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Donaldson, Alex
    La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Adébo, Emme
    Regional Handball Federation In South Sweden, Lund, Sweden.
    Benjaminse, Anne
    University Of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands; Hanze University Of Applied Sciences, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Ekengren, Johan
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Granér, Simon
    Department Of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Johnson, Urban
    Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Lucander, Karolina
    Department Of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Myklebust, Grethe
    Norwegian School Of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Møller, Merete
    Norwegian School Of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway; University Of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Tranaeus, Ulrika
    Swedish School Of Sport And Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden; Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bunke, Sofia
    Department Of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Cocreating injury prevention training for youth team handball: bridging theory and practice2022In: BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine, ISSN 2055-7647, Vol. 8, no 2, article id 001263Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although it is advocated that end-users are engaged in developing evidence-based injury prevention training to enhance the implementation, this rarely happens. The € Implementing injury Prevention training ROutines in TEams and Clubs in youth Team handball (I-PROTECT)' uses an ecological participatory design incorporating the perspectives of multiple stakeholders throughout the project. Within the I-PROTECT project, the current study aimed to describe the development of holistic injury prevention training specifically for youth handball players through using knowledge from both end-users (coaches and players) and researchers/handball experts. Employing action evaluation within participatory action research, the cyclical development process included three phases: research team preparation, handball expert-based preparation and end-user evaluation to develop injury prevention training incorporating both physical and psychological perspectives. To grow the knowledge of the interdisciplinary research team, rethinking was conducted within and between phases based on participants' contributions. Researchers and end-users cocreated examples of handball-specific exercises, including injury prevention physical principles (movement technique for upper and lower extremities, respectively, and muscle strength) combined with psychological aspects (increase end-user motivation, task focus and body awareness) to integrate into warm-up and skills training within handball practice. A cyclical development process that engaged researchers/handball experts and end-users to cocreate evidence-based, theory-informed and context-specific injury prevention training specifically for youth handball players generated a first pilot version of exercises including physical principles combined with psychological aspects to be integrated within handball practice. © 2022 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved. © 2022 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

  • 36.
    Ageberg, Eva
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Fac Med, Dept Hlth Sci, POB 117, S-22100 Lund, Sweden..
    Bunke, Sofia
    Lund Univ, Dept Psychol, Lund, Sweden..
    Linnell, Jennie
    Lund Univ, Fac Med, Dept Hlth Sci, POB 117, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.;Swedish Handball Federat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Moesch, Karin
    Malmö University, Faculty of Education and Society (LS), Department of Sport Sciences (IDV). Lund Univ, Dept Psychol, Lund, Sweden..
    Co-creating holistic injury prevention training for youth handball: Development of an intervention targeting end-users at the individual, team, and organizational levels2024In: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, E-ISSN 2052-1847 , Vol. 16, no 1, article id 10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundInterventions that are co-created with end-users, and that are informed by behavior change or implementation theories, support implementation in real world settings. However, injury prevention programs for youth athletes have typically been developed by experts with no, or insufficiently described, end-user involvement and without guidance by theories. The aim of the current study was to describe the development of a holistic injury prevention intervention for youth handball targeting end-users at different levels, through using knowledge from end-users and researchers/experts and applying relevant behavior change and implementation theories.MethodsKnowledge from researchers/experts (sports medicine, sport psychology, handball, physical therapy, strength and conditioning (n = 14)) and end-users (coaches, players, club administrators, n = 16), and applying relevant implementation (Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research, CFIR), behavior change (Health Action Process Approach, HAPA) and motivational (Self-Determination Theory, SDT) theories, were used to co-design the intervention. Early end-users (coaches (n = 6), players (n = 3) and a club administrator (n = 1)) were interviewed for initial feedback.ResultsThe intervention consisted of end-user-targeted information and training that was made available in a specifically developed interactive mobile application with modules for players, coaches, club administrators, and caregivers. Information for all end-users included benefits and principles of physical and psychological injury prevention training, load-management, motivation, and communication. Information about implementation was developed for club administrators specifically. For coaches, training to do with their teams included handball-specific injury prevention exercises (legs, shoulders, core) combined with psychological aspects (motivation, task focus, body awareness) to integrate within warm-up and handball skills training. Training for players included handball-specific multi-joint strength, power, and explosive exercises (legs, shoulders, core) and sport psychology exercises (self-awareness, relaxation, being in the present moment, prevent and handle stress). To support self-management, adoption, and motivation, programs were provided, and players and coaches could change, add, progress the difficulty of exercises, and build their own programs. Initial feedback from early end-users was generally positive.ConclusionsUtilizing an approach where researchers/experts and end-users co-created injury prevention training specifically for youth handball, an intervention was generated that included information and holistic training targeting end-users at the individual (players, caregivers), team (coaches), and organizational (club administrators) levels.

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  • 37.
    Ageberg, Eva
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Bunke, Sofia
    Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Lucander, Karolina
    Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Nilsen, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Donaldson, Alex
    La Trobe Univ, Australia; Federat Univ Australia, Australia.
    Facilitators to support the implementation of injury prevention training in youth handball: A concept mapping approach2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 275-285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a need for research to identify effective implementation strategies for injury prevention training within real-world community sports. The aim of this ecological participatory study was to identify facilitators, among stakeholders at multiple levels, that could help injury prevention training become part of regular training routines in youth team handball. Concept mapping, a mixed-method approach for qualitative data collection and quantitative data analysis, was used. Stakeholders (n = 196) of two community team handball clubs (29% players, 13% coaches, 38% caregivers, 11% club, district and national handball administrators, 9% unknown) participated in a brainstorming process. After the research team synthesized the 235 generated statements, 50 stakeholders (34% players, 22% coaches, 24% caregivers, 20% administrators) sorted 89 unique facilitator statements into clusters and rated them for importance and feasibility. Multidimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analysis yielded five clusters (stress value 0.231): "Understanding and applying knowledge," "Education, knowledge, and consistency," "Set-up and exercises," "Inspiration, motivation, and routines," and "Club policy and expert collaboration." The cluster "Understanding and applying knowledge" had the highest mean importance (3.17 out of 4) and feasibility (2.93) ratings. The 32 statements rated as both highly important and feasible (Go-zone) indicate action is required at the individual (end-users) and organizational (policymakers) levels to implement injury prevention training. Results suggest that developing evidence-based context-specific injury prevention training, incorporating physiological, biomechanical and psychological components, and an associated context-specific implementation plan in partnership with all stakeholders should be a high priority to facilitate the implementation of injury prevention training in youth team handball.

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  • 38.
    Agergaard, Sine
    et al.
    Aalborg Univ, Dept Hlth Sci & Technol, Sports & Social Issues, Gistrup, Denmark..
    Redelius, Karin
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Strandbu, Åse
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society. Norwegian Sch Sport Sci NIH, Dept Sport & Social Sci, Oslo, Norway..
    Children's Rights to and in Sport: A Comparative Analysis of Organizational Policies in the Scandinavian Countries2024In: Social Sciences, E-ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 13, no 4, article id 216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has long been stated that children have the rights to protection from, e.g., abuse and to the provision of age-appropriate leisure, play, and recreational activities along with participation in all matters that concerns them. Yet, the full range of children's rights to and in sport has not yet been explored in detail. To do so, it is relevant to turn to the Scandinavian countries, which are praised for promoting children's rights and well-being, with organized sport forming part of the daily lives of many children and youths. In this paper, we examine the organizational policies in Scandinavian sport in order to develop foundational knowledge about how the range of children's rights to and in sport may be supported. Comparing key policy documents of the major sports confederations in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, these analyses identify great variety in the following: 1. when and how children's rights to and in sport have been made explicit in the three countries; 2. whether the emphasis is on protection and/or provision of sport to children and youths or their participation in shaping sporting activities; 3. the degree to and ways in which such rights are regulated. In sum, our findings reflect a disparity between organizational policies in the three countries, with a more liberal and individualistic approach to public policy in the Danish context, providing some explanation of the only recent development in and scattered enaction of regulations to support children's rights to and in sports. Furthermore, we identify that political attention has mainly been drawn to the protection and provision of sports to children and youths, while their participation in shaping sport is a shared challenge for sport confederations in the Scandinavian countries and beyond.

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  • 39.
    Aggerholm, K.
    et al.
    Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Norway.
    Standal, O.
    Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Norway.
    Barker, D. M.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Larsson, Håkan
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogisk idrottsforskning.
    On practising in physical education: outline for a pedagogical model.2018In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 197-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Models-based approaches to physical education have in recent years developed as a way for teachers and students to concentrate on a manageable number of learning objectives, and align pedagogical approaches with learning subject matter and context. This paper draws on Hannah Arendt’s account ofvita activato map existing approaches to physical education as oriented towards: (a) health and exercise, (b) sport and games, and (c) experience and exploration.

    Purpose: The aim of the paper is to outline a new pedagogical model for physical education:a practising model. We argue that the form of human activity related to practising is not well represented in existing orientations and models. To sustain this argument, we highlight the most central aspects of practising, and at the same time describe central features of the model.

    Relevance and implications: The paper addresses pedagogical implications the practising model has for physical education teachers. Central learning outcomes and teaching strategies related to four essential and ‘non-negotiable’ features of the practising model are discussed. These strategies are: (1) acknowledging subjectivity and providing meaningful challenges, (2) focusing on content and the aims of practising, (3) specifying and negotiating standards of excellence and (4) providing adequate time to practising.

    Conclusion: The practising model has the potential to inform new perspectives on pedagogical approaches, and renew and improve working methods and learning practices, in physical education. 

  • 40.
    Aghababa, Alireza
    et al.
    Sport Psychology Department, Sport Sciences Research Institute, Tehran, Iran.
    Rohani, Hadi
    Exercise Physiology Department, Sport Sciences Research Institute, Tehran, Iran.
    Nabilpoor, Maghsood
    Sport Sciences, International University, Qazvin, Iran.
    Theos, Apostolos
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Sports Medicine.
    Derek, Kingsley
    Exercise Physiology Department, Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory, Ohio, United States.
    Shahidi, Seyed Houtan
    Sport Coaching Department, Gedik University, İstanbul, Turkey.
    Effects of COVID-19 on physical activity and mood in the middle-aged people: Concerns and strategies2022In: Turkish Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 1300-0551, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 38-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To assess the impact of coronavirus on the physical activity levels before and during self-quarantine, and the effect of self-isolation on the total mood status of Iranian citizens during the covid-19 pandemic. 

    Material and Methods: A national sample of 2359 middle-aged (M age=42.8±5.3 years, n=1183,50.1%, male; n=1148, 48.7% female) Iranian completed an online questionnaire that assessed changes in daily physical activity behavior and mood status from March 20th to April 20th, 2020. The questionnaire implemented to collect the total duration, intensity, and frequency of physical activity and their psychological mood condition via the BRUMS Mood Scale.

    Results: There were significant differences between physical activity frequency, duration, and intensity before and during the coronavirus pandemic. There was no significant difference between the total mood conditions between the sex categories. The main key finding of the current study is that the total physical activity participation behavior of our middle-aged populations has decreased meaningfully.

    Conclusion: The present study has provided important approaches that should be implemented to promote the engagement of middle-aged adults in physical activity. Therefore, based on scientific evidence, maintaining a regular physical activity routine regarding world health organization guidelines is a key strategy for physical health.

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  • 41.
    Aginger, Joel
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    ”God hälsa handlar alltså lika mycket om knoppen som om kroppen”: En diskursanalytisk och komparativ studie av två läroböcker för idrottsämnet författade åren 1988 och 20122019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ungdomar når inte upp till rekommenderade dosen av fysisk aktivitet, den psykiska ohälsan har ökat, samtidigt som många ungdomar inte trivs i skolan. Idrottsämnet som innefattar undervisning om hälsa har visat sig betona den fysiska hälsan framför den psykiska och sociala hälsan. Elever riskerar då att inte få tillräckliga kunskaper om hälsa som ett holistiskt hälsoperspektiv kan bidra med. Idrottsämnet har även historiskt betonat den fysiska hälsan. Läroböcker kan användas som verktyg i undervisningen och främja kunskaper om exempelvis hälsa. Syftet med studien har således varit att undersöka hur hälsa skildrats i gymnasieläroböcker författade åren 1988 och 2012. Det har visat hur mycket utrymme och på vilket sätt olika typer av hälsa beskrivits i läroböckerna. Frågeställningarna har varit: Vilka hälsodiskurser kan urskiljas och hur skildras de i läroböckerna? Vad finns det för likheter och skillnader gällande skildringen av hälsa i läroböckerna och vad kan det få för eventuella didaktiska konsekvenser i undervisningen? Diskursanalys har använts som metod i kombination med en hälsoteori med sedan tidigare identifierade hälsodiskurser. Även en komparativ metod har använts för att jämföra likheter och skillnader i läroböckernas hälsoskildring. Resultatet visar att flera hälsodiskurser har identifierats, där fysiologidiskursen och riskdiskursen dominerar. Fördelningen av hälsodiskurser var liknande i läroböckerna. Läroboken från år 2012 var mer detaljerad i skildringen av hälsa än läroboken från år 1988. Läroböckerna utgår från WHO:s definition av hälsa, dock skiljer sig hälsoskildringen. Läroboken från år 1988 domineras av den fysiska hälsan, och när psykisk och social hälsa skildras är det endast i relation till fysisk aktivitet. I läroboken från år 2012 får den fysiska hälsan mest utrymme, men hälsoskildringen är mer holistisk, när exempelvis psykisk och social hälsa skildras är det inte enbart i relation till fysisk aktivitet. Läroböckerna förhåller sig till de motsvarande läroplanerna Lgy 70 och Lgy 11. Lärare och elever bör vara kritiska till innehållet i läroböckerna, då de förmedlar olika hälsoideal som på olika sätt kan kategorisera elever. Kommunaliseringen kan ha en påverkan hur hälsa skildras i undervisningen. Läroboken från år 1988 kan i stor grad likställas med forskningsläget där det problematiserats att den fysiska hälsan dominerat. Lärobok från år 2012 motsäger sig en majoritet av forskningsläget då den förmedlar hälsa mer holistiskt, vilket kan främja en god kunskap om hälsa hos elever, i nuet och även i framtiden.

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    ”God hälsa handlar alltså lika mycket om knoppen som om kroppen”
  • 42.
    Agnerling, Emma
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Kombinationen av bikarbonat- och koffeinsupplementering förbättrar löpprestation i ett Beep-test2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 43.
    Agvald, Liv
    Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine.
    Fysisk aktivitetsnivå hos barn i årskurs 3: En accelerometerstudie2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The importance of physical activity is well investigated, but the knowledge regarding the physical activity of younger children is limited. Accelerometers have proved to be a valid method to measure physical activity in children.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the total level of physical activity (relative to recommended level) in children in grade three at a school in northern Sweden. Furthermore, the study investigated whether there are any differences in physical activity based on gender or participation in organized sports.

    Method: Forty children participated in the study. Their level of physical activity was measured using tri-accelerometry technology during one week. Each participant also completed a short questionnaire regarding their level of physical activity.

    Results: No significant difference was found in the level of physical activity in relation to gender or participation in organized sports. All but one participant reached the recommended level of daily activity.

    Discussion: Based on the study, children in grade three appear to be sufficiently active to achieve the daily level of activity, a positive result in spite of the alarming reports of increased sedentary behavior among children. Intensified studies are needed to see if these results recur in a broader context.

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  • 44. Ahl, Matilda
    et al.
    Avdic, Una
    Strandberg, Maria Compagno
    Chugh, Deepti
    Andersson, Emelie
    Hållmarker, Ulf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology. Department of Internal Medicine, Mora Hospital, Mora, Sweden.
    James, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology.
    Deierborg, Tomas
    Ekdahl, Christine T
    Physical Activity Reduces Epilepsy Incidence: a Retrospective Cohort Study in Swedish Cross-Country Skiers and an Experimental Study in Seizure-Prone Synapsin II Knockout Mice2019In: Sports medicine - open, ISSN 2199-1170, Vol. 5, no 1, article id 52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Epilepsy patients commonly exercise less than the general population. Animal studies indicate beneficial effects of physical activity in established epilepsy, while its effect on the development is currently less known.

    METHODS: Here, we investigated the incidence of epilepsy during 20 years in a cohort of participants from the long-distance Swedish cross-country ski race Vasaloppet (n = 197,685) and compared it to the incidence of non-participating-matched controls included in the Swedish population register (n = 197,684). Individuals diagnosed with diseases such as stroke and epilepsy before entering the race were excluded from both groups. Experimentally, we also determined how physical activity could affect the development of epilepsy in epilepsy-prone synapsin II knockout mice (SynIIKO), with and without free access to a running wheel.

    RESULTS: We identified up to 40-50% lower incidence of epilepsy in the Vasaloppet participants of all ages before retirement. A lower incidence of epilepsy in Vasaloppet participants was seen regardless of gender, education and occupation level compared to controls. The participants included both elite and recreational skiers, and in a previous survey, they have reported a higher exercise rate than the general Swedish population. Sub-analyses revealed a significantly lower incidence of epilepsy in participants with a faster compared to slower finishing time. Dividing participants according to specified epilepsy diagnoses revealed 40-50% decrease in focal and unspecified epilepsy, respectively, but no differences in generalized epilepsy. Voluntary exercise in seizure-prone SynIIKO mice for 1 month before predicted epilepsy development decreased seizure manifestation from > 70 to 40%. Brain tissue analyses following 1 month of exercise showed increased hippocampal neurogenesis (DCX-positive cells), while microglial (Iba1) and astrocytic activation (GFAP), neuronal Map2, brain-derived neurotrophic factor and its receptor tyrosine receptor kinase B intensity were unaltered. Continued exercise for additionally 2 months after predicted seizure onset in SynIIKO mice resulted in a 5-fold reduction in seizure manifestation (from 90 to 20%), while 2 months of exercise initiated at the time of predicted seizure development gave no seizure relief, suggesting exercise-induced anti-epileptogenic rather than anti-convulsive effect.

    CONCLUSION: The clinical study and the experimental findings in mice indicate that physical activity may prevent or delay the development of epilepsy.

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  • 45.
    Ahlberg, Annika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Att utveckla elevers psykiska förmåga: Mental träning i ämnet idrott och hälsa2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to find out how teachers can develop the psychological ability of their pupils within the subject of physical education. To find an answer to this, two researchers were interviewed in a qualitative way and four teachers in physical education were interviewed structurally. Current literature was also red. I tried to answer if there are any differences, or similarities, between two scientists’ and four teachers’ in physical education perspectives regarding methods to develop pupils’ psychological ability. The thesis also tries to answer which practical exercises in mental training that could be used in the teaching of physical education and how teachers in physical education can use mental training to motivate the pupils to strive for high grades.

    This study shows that the pupils’ psychological ability can be developed through different mental exercises. To develop the pupils’ self-confidence by giving theme suitable exercises with a degree of difficulty that are on a slightly higher level than what the pupils think they can manage is one way. A similarity between the opinions of the scientists and the teachers in physical education is the importance of good communication with the pupils. Further, the two scientists emphasized the importance of making the pupils involved in the planning and contents of the lessons. The teachers in physical education did not share this opinion.

    To develop the pupils’ self-knowledge and make theme strive for a grade, reasonable for their personal abilities, may increase motivation. In my thesis I have realised that a teacher’s behaviour is also important. The teacher needs to have a sensitive ear, use constructive feedback to the pupils and, to a reasonable extent, get the pupils involved in the planning and the contents of the lessons.

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  • 46.
    Ahlbom, Per
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Gaimer, Mårten
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Vi i femman: en studie av ett samarbetsförsök inom norrköpingsfotbollen där kluster används som modell2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställningar

    Syftet med studien var att analysera samarbetsförsöket inom norrköpingsfotbollen och att ta fram en handlingsplan för det framtida samarbetet. Denna plan ska konkretisera hur ett samarbete mellan IFK Norrköping, Smedby AIS, Eneby BK, Lindö FF samt Åby IF ska utvecklas. De frågeställningar vi har utgått ifrån är: Varför har de kommit fram till att ett samarbete med lokala föreningar främjar norrköpingsfotbollen? Vad kan respektive part erbjuda i samarbetet? Hur ska samarbetet utvecklas för att samtliga inblandade ska få ut så mycket som möjligt av det?

    Metod

    Studien byggde på sex kvalitativa intervjuer. Respondenterna vi valt att intervjua är betydelsefulla representanter från samarbetsföreningarna. Alla föreningar är representerade i studien. Vi har utgått från samma intervjumall vid varje intervjutillfälle. Inför varje intervju har respondenterna fått ta del av våra frågeställningar.

    Resultat och handlingsplan

    Vi har i denna studie kommit fram till att samarbetsföreningarna anser att en bättre kommunikation och samarbete skulle gynna utvecklingen av ”fotbollsnorrköping”. IFK Norrköping har initierat samarbetet. De övriga föreningarna anser att samarbetet med just IFK Norrköping är inspirerande för sin egen ungdomsverksamhet. De har också förhoppningen att detta samarbete eventuellt kan bidra till en mer strukturerad talangutveckling vilket på sikt kan bidra till ett bättre ”fotbollsnorrköping” där ambitionen är att IFK Norrköping ska spela i Allsvenskan med fler regionalt och lokalt utbildade fotbollsspelare.

    Vi har använt en klustermodell applicerad på näringslivet som vi har modifierat för att den ska vara möjlig att använda för att analysera samarbetet mellan IFK Norrköping, Eneby BK, Smedby AIS, Lindö FF och Åby IF. Modellen förklarar hur samarbetet kan vara i ständig utveckling samt vilka fallgroper och risker som finns med den här typen av samarbete. Utifrån modellen har vi kommit fram till en handlingsplan med konkreta förslag på vad som kan göras för att ta samarbetet till nästa steg. Handlingsplanens syfte är ge förslag på aktiviteter som säkerställer samarbetets utveckling i den närmsta framtiden samt hur föreningarna kan gå tillväga för att förankra samarbetet i respektive förening.

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  • 47.
    Ahlfors, Mikael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Byström, Dan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Hur satsar arbetsgivaren på hälsofrämjande åtgärder och hur uppfattas i så fall dessa av personalen?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 48.
    Ahlgren, Madeleine
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Kjaer, Jørgen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Linnér, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Pagels, Peter
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Pojskic, Haris
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Ragnarsson, Thony
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Melin, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Self-reported symptoms of low energy availability among female elite athletes and controls2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    We aimed to investigate symptoms of low energy availability (LEA) among athletes and recreational active people, and the associations with EDs, excessive exercise, and motivation for training and dietary behavioural changes. 

    Methods

    Swedish female national team athletes (n=150) from 26 sports, and recreational active women (n=108), 18-39 years were recruited via sport organizations and social media. Participants filled out an anonymous on-line survey comprising the LEA in Females Questionnaire (LEAF-Q), the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), the Major Depression Index (MDI), the Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI), and  the Motivation to Change Questionnaire (MCQ). LEAF-Q total score >8 and EDE-Q Global score >2.3  were used to classify participants as having symptoms of LEA and eating disorders (EDs), respectively.

    Results

    Of all participants, 47% had symptoms of LEA with no difference between elite athletes (47%) and controls (48%). Participants with LEA had lower body mass and BMI compared to those with no symptoms, while no differences were found in age or training load. Most of the participants with LEA (69%) did not have symptoms of EDs. However, when excluding all participants with ED symptoms (n=65), participants with LEA had higher EDE-Q sub scale scores, MDI and EAI scores, and they reported poorer health status and reduced ability to increase energy intake and to lower the training load compared to participants with no LEA symptoms. 

    Conclusion

    Our findings confirm earlier indications that symptoms of LEA is frequent among elite athletes as well as sedentary people, and that most LEA cases do not have EDs. However, our findings suggest that symptoms of LEA may still be associated with poor well-being, restricted eating and excessive training behaviour and negative focus on body shape and weight. Reversing LEA by increased energy intake and/or reduced training load is the only treatment to prevent REDs health and performance implications. Our findings therefore emphasize the need for multidisciplinary prevention strategies to ensure necessary dietary and training behavioural changes.

  • 49.
    Ahlgren, Marcus
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Styrketräning för barn och ungdomar - riskfyllt eller fyllt med fördelar?: En systematisk litteraturstudie om fysiska effekter av styrketräning för barn och ungdomar.2021Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna systematiska litteraturstudie är att skapa en övergripande bild av de fysiska effekterna styrketräning har på barn och ungdomar. Frågeställningen som används är: “Vilka fördelar och risker finns det med styrketräning för barn och ungdomar?” och “Vilka fördelar och risker medför olika styrketräningmetoder?”. Peer-review-studier har sedan 2009 publicerats där barn och ungdomar (under 18 år) som utfört experimentella styrkeprogram inkluderats. I denna uppsats har 20 st artiklar analyserats och därefter systematiskt sammanställts. Resultatet av studien påvisar en positiv inverkan av styrketräning för barn och ungdomar. Studien ger även underlag till rekommendationer som forskning påvisat för barn och ungdomars utövande av styrketräning. Dessutom visar studien på tydliga fördelar med styrketräning för barn och ungdomar, samt minimala risker vid korrekt utövning av styrketräning. I denna studie visas även att styrketräning är ett brett område som går att individanpassa beroende på önskat resultat. Studien diskuterar även huruvida styrketräning kan användas för att motverka en stillasittande livsstil. Den stillasittande livsstilen och det livslånga perspektivet förs även upp i kunskapsbidraget, samt hur styrketräning är ett verktyg som bör läras ut till barn och ungdomar för att uppnå en bättre fysisk hälsa.

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    Styrketräning för barn och ungdomar - riskfyllt eller fyllt med fördelar?
  • 50.
    Ahlström, Johan
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics.
    Spring, Johanna
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics.
    Manliga tränares arbete kring menstruationens påverkan på träning: En kvalitativ studie2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose and research question: The purpose with the study was to investigate male coaches’ knowledge about menstruations impact on training. Also, to investigate the communication between coach and athlete about menstruation. The authors used three main questions 

    What kind of knowledge about menstruations impact on training has male coaches? How are their experience about the communication about menstruation with their 

    athletes? What kind of knowledge do they need about menstruation and the impact on training. 

    Method: The authors used a qualitative method where they interviewed six different male coaches. Three coaches from TeamGym and three from cross-country skiing. All material has then been processed through a thematic content analysis.Results: The purpose and questions were answered, and the results was divided into three main questions which were then took down into subcategories. Under the first question, what kind of knowledge the trainers have, it is summarized that the trainers themselves felt that they had a certain knowledge but also that they need continued education about menstruation. Many of the trainers described their knowledge of menstruation linked to energy balance and training load. The coaches also described how they used their knowledge in different situations. To summarize the question about communication with athletes, was that there seems to be a certain taboo. The coaches reflect that the most important factor for breaking taboos seems to lie in the trust between coaches and athletes, coach-athlete relationship. The coaches also want to respect the athlete's integrity. The summary for the last main question, which was, what knowledge do the trainers need more of in further work with menstruations impact on training, they themselves described that they need more practically applicable research, a more open discussion climate and time for continuing education. 

    Conclusion: The conclusion was that more knowledge is needed about menstruations impact on training and more of the general knowledge about menstruation. More education is required and that the trainers must actively work with the subject. Around the communication with athletes, the coaches need time to get to know their athletes and build a trust that must then be maintained and nurtured from both the athlete's and the coach's side. A strong coach- athlete relationship. The coaches also need further education to increase their knowledge in order to feel comfortable and to be able to answer the questions that may arise about menstruations impact on training. 

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    Manliga tränares arbete kring menstruationens påverkan på träning
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