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Organisation, omvärldssignaler och innovationsförmåga
Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
2012 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna licentiatavhandling är att undersöka samspelet mellan organisation, omvärldssignaler och innovationsförmåga, samt illustrera detta samspel i en sammanfattande modell.

Modellbygget följer omvärldssignalens väg genom organisationen, från vilka signaler som uppmärksammas, över hur organisationen skapar mening kring signalerna, till hur tolkning, strategi och beslut kring omvärldssignalen hanteras. Det finns också koppling till innovation och innovationsförmåga. Lite vid sidan i modellen finns "Det oväntade", som med hänvisning till Dewey, är en påminnelse om det riskabla att försöka fånga omvärlden i en modell.

Organisationens uppbyggnad beskrivs i modellen med termerna historia, struktur och kultur. Hur den hanterar omvärldssignalerna utrycks i de tre dimensionerna uppmärksamma, skapa mening och lära. Innovationens modellkomponenter är kategori, ursprung, inriktning och karaktär.

Modellen kopplar hantering av omvärldssignaler till innovationsförmåga via teorierna Blue Ocean Strategy och First Mover Advantage. Organisationens innovationsförmåga inriktar sig antingen på det kända i form av röda oceaner eller det okända, de blå oceanerna. Innovationsförmågan kan också leda till att organisationen antingen blir en First eller Second Mover.

Modellen illustreras med fyra exempel - Google, Apple, Microsoft och Virgin, som alla är kända för sin innovationsförmåga. Resultatet är att modellen har fångat några samspel mellan de undersökta organisationerna, innovationsförmåga och omvärldssignaler. En annan slutsats är att innovationsförmåga bör ses i sitt omvärldssammanhang

Abstract [en]

There are different opinions about how to link business environment and organization. Some say the outside world is not something the organization should care about, while others on the contrary, argue that the outside world is an important influencing factor for every organization. 

The purpose of this licentiate thesis is to investigate the interaction between the organization, external signals from the outside world and innovation, and to illustrate these relationships in a comprehensive model. 

The model follows the external signal’s path through the organization, from identifying which signals that at all are observed in the organization, over how the organization creates meaning around these signals, to how it handles interpretation, strategy and decisions concerning the external signals. The model also includes a link to innovation and innovation capacity. Little to the side in the model, there is ”The Unexpected," which, referring to John Dewey, is a reminder about the risk in trying to capture the outside world in a model. 

The organization's construction- how it is organized - is described in the model with the terms history, structure and culture. How it handles external signals are expressed in three dimensions: how the organization recognizes external signal, how it creates meaning around this signal, and what conclusions the organization draws in terms of learning. The four components of innovation in the model are category, origin, orientation and character. 

The model also includes an attempt to formulate how the management of external signals can be expressed in the capacity for innovation. Used here are the two theories Blue Ocean Strategy and First Mover Advantage as a measure of innovativeness. The capacity for innovation either targets the well-known in the form of red oceans or the unknown in terms of blue oceans. The innovative capacity can also lead the organization either to be a First Mover or a Second Mover.

The model is illustrated by four examples - Google, Apple, Microsoft and Virgin. All of them are successful companies and well known for their innovative capacity. The result is that it has been possible to apply the model to the studied companies and then catch some connections between the organization and its capacity for innovation, with particular focus on external signals. Another conclusion is that innovation hardly can be regarded in isolation, detached from the outside world, but must be seen in its outside world context.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Västerås: Mälardalen University , 2012.
Series
Mälardalen University Press Licentiate Theses, ISSN 1651-9256 ; 156
Keyword [sv]
organisation, omvärldsbevakning, innovation, innovationsförmåga
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Innovation and Design
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-14933ISBN: 978-91-7485-078-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-14933DiVA: diva2:538019
Presentation
2012-09-28, Filen, Smedjegatan 37, Eskilstuna, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-06-28 Created: 2012-06-28 Last updated: 2012-09-04Bibliographically approved

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