Effect of chemical and physical properties on combustion of biomass particle
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Biomass combustion is an interesting alternative to fossil fuel. Modeling and simulation is used for design optimization of biomass boilers and furnace. It is difficult to develop a sufficiently accurate and computationally efficient model because the combustion system is highly complicated multi-scale, multi-phase and multi-physics problem. The study of biomass combustion in different scales allows engineers to understand the combustion process and tochoose necessary simplification to develop a computationally efficient model.The chemical and physical properties of fuels are altered during different fuel preparation methods (i.e. pretreatment and pelletization), and as a result the fuel conversion is also affected. The aim of this thesis is to understand thermal conversion of those chemically or physically altered fuels. Both experimental and modeling techniques were chosen to addressthe aim. Experiments were performed in thermogravimetric analysers, isothermal macro thermogravimeters (iTG), and a pot furnace to account fuel conversion in micro-, meso- and macro scale. In addition, three different types of mathematical model were developed. They are (i) a simplified particle pyrolysis model, (ii) two detailed numerical models that simulate particle pyrolysis and char oxidation and (iii) finally a computational fluid dynamic (CFD) model of combustion of biomass particles in a bed. The results indicate that both the intrinsic and the apparent conversion of the fuel wasinfluenced by the process conditions of fuel preparation methods. Intrinsic pyrolysis reactivitywas reduced due to mild pretreatment; however, it was increased with further increase in pretreatment severity. In contrary, severity of pelletization tends to reduce the apparent reactivity of pellets combustion. It was also investigated that how each physical and chemical parameter should be modelledfor a untreated biomass (i.e. wood logs) and a densified biomass (i.e. pellets) through parametric studies with a detailed particle simulation. The result shows that a model for wood logs should exclude convective heat transfer by volatiles if the fibers align to longitude direction while it is important part in the models for pellets. Devolatilization of wood logs was expressed as endothermic reactions while the model results showed best agreement withexperimental data of wood pellets when the heat of reaction was assumed to be zero, possibly due to the secondary reactions. Then, it was demonstrated that a constitutive equation, i.e. analytical solution of the shrinking core model, is sufficient to express devolatilization rate of thermally-thick particles at the temperature of 1173 K. While studying apparent oxidation of wood pellet char , it was found that change in intrinsic char oxidation reactivity due to different pyrolysis conditions does not influences the model prediction at high temperature. In addition, at high temperature, the reaction front became thin and reaction rate was hardly affected by temperature.It was also found by the simulation of pellet bed combustion that the apparent density of the particle significantly affected the flame velocity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå tekniska universitet, 2015.
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Chemical engineering - Chemical process and manufacturing engineering
Kemiteknik - Kemisk process- och produktionsteknik
Research subject Energy Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-26744Local ID: fe489bae-3081-4348-9385-1c9c716f067aISBN: 978-91-7583-431-3ISBN: 978-91-7583-432-0 (PDF)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-26744DiVA: diva2:999914
Godkänd; 2015; 20150925 (amibis); Nedanstående person kommer att disputera för avläggande av teknologie doktorsexamen. Namn: Amit Biswas Ämne: Energiteknik/Energy Technology Avhandling: Effect of Chemical and Physical Properties on Combustion of Biomass Particle. Opponent: Professor Fabrizio Scala, Dept of Chemical, Materials and Process Engineering, University Federico II of Naples, Naples, Italy. Ordförande: Bitr professor Kentaro Umeki, Avd för energivetenskap, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå. Tid: Torsdag 19 november, 2015 kl 10.00 Plats: E231, Luleå tekniska universitet2016-09-302016-09-30Bibliographically approved