Faults detection and diagnosis for three phase induction machines
2012 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Three phase induction motors have been intensively utilized in industrial applications, mainly due to their efficiency and reliability. These motors have good properties such as: increased stability and robustness, durability, large power to weight ratio, low production costs and controllability easiness. The most common faults that could happen in the rotor and the stator are: a) short circuit in stator winding, b) broken rotor bars, c) bearing failures, and d) dynamic or static air gap irregularities. These types of faults, are necessary to be identified and categorized, as soon as possible as they can end up in serious damages if not detected in due time.The aim of this licentiate thesis is to present a model based fault detection and diagnosis schemes for three phase induction motors relying on the Set Membership Identification (SMI) approach. In the proposed scheme proper uncertainty bounds and boundary violation rules have been established for detecting and categorizing the fault occurrences. The novel presented diagnostic and fault detection methods are able to detect and classify two types of induction motor faults: a) broken rotor bars, and b) short circuit in stator winding. As it will be analytically presented in the thesis, during the initialization of the algorithm, the parameters of the healthy induction motor are being identified by the utilization of the Recursive Least Squares, extended by the Set Membership concepts, where corresponding uncertainty bounds are also being recursively being calculated based on the assumed noise levels. In the sequel the proposed bound violation conditions for the fault detection and fault diagnosis are being online evaluated, on the converged identified motor parameters, within a sliding time window.The simulation results have been presented motor performance in healthy and faulty cases such as stator currents, rotor currents, torque, and angular speed of the motor. The efficiency of the proposed scheme has been extended evaluated with simulation studies for the cases of: a) one broken bar fault, b) 2\% short circuit fault, c) multiple number of broken bars.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2012. , 132 p.
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757
Research subject Control Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-26592Local ID: f190d60b-8de7-4183-b60c-1c5cc3f64a1aISBN: 978-91-7439-514-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-26592DiVA: diva2:999758
ProjectsFeldetektering i elektriska maskiner
Godkänd; 2012; 20121104 (mohoba); LICENTIATSEMINARIUM Ämne: Reglerteknik/Automatic Control Examinator: Professor Thomas Gustafsson, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Luleå tekniska universitet Diskutant: Post-Dr. Researcher George Georgoulas, Dept. of Informatics and Communications Technology, TEI of Epirus, Greece Tid: Tisdag den 4 december 2012 kl 10.15 Plats: A109, Luleå tekniska universitet2016-09-302016-09-30Bibliographically approved