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Bringing actors together: ICT, disabillity and pupils in special school
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
2009 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is part of everyday life in various ways. This thesis focuses on the connection between disability and ICT among pupils with intellectual disabilities and on ways for researcher to study human and technology. The aim has been to study how ICT, agency and disability become constructed in a collective made up by actors such as humans (pupils with intellectual disabilities) and non-humans (computers, mobile phones, policy-documents).Two studies at two schools (totally the studies included nine classes) in the Norrbotten area in Sweden were conducted as a way to disentangle the aim and research questions. The studies which underlie this thesis are based on observations and interviews among six pupils in three classes in their everyday schooldays. Additionally an analysis of Bill 2004/05:175 was conducted.The thesis presents reviews of theoretical and methodological resources from disability studies, feminist studies and science and technology studies, Actor-Network Theory in particular, as well as an analysis of selected empirical material from the classes and Bill 2004/05:175. The analysis was conducted through themes, namely the following: introducing the classes, the schooldays and the school setting, the pupils' everyday life in school, the policy and understanding about intellectual disability among pupils, using ICT during the schooldays, ICT in everyday life, the youths' views of the computer, the ICT policies in Sweden and a sustainable ICT society for all.The main findings present how pupils with intellectual disability live disability, how the pupils regard disability and technology (express disability and technology to be). The thesis additionally explores how the pupils talk about themselves as users and how this in turn also relates to policy practices (more specifically, on the expressions in various statements in the bill and its focus on use, user and access). Another concern is how disability becomes intertwined with technology. Moreover, the thesis explores how actors in a form of collective bear effects on the body and its intertwining with disability and technology. Additionally, it examines the ways the pupils see themselves and how they act. The study shows that forms of unity as well as differences regarding access and users of ICT are found in the practice of policy-making as well as in the pupils' practices. The thesis additionally disentangles how one as a researcher can give voice to human and technology interaction when researching disabled pupils' agency and subjectivity. Thus, the thesis explores ways for researchers to study human and technology without relying on boundaries between them while at the same time being responsible in her/his claims. Here the work draws upon work from feminist studies; an inspirational source is Donna Haraway and more specifically her concept of situated knowledge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2009. , 118 p.
Series
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757
Keyword [en]
Social sciences - Pedgogical work
Keyword [sv]
Socialvetenskap - Pedagogiskt arbete
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Man Machine Relation Focusing Gender
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-26565Local ID: ee7e7e70-12ed-11de-9768-000ea68e967bISBN: 978-91-86233-33-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-26565DiVA: diva2:999729
Note

Godkänd; 2009; 20090317 (rena); LICENTIATSEMINARIUM Ämnesområde: Människa-maskin med inriktning mot genusforskning Examinator: Docent Marja Vehviläinen Tid: Fredag den 15 maj 2009 kl 13.00 Plats: Bell F 719j, Luleå tekniska universitet

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. “The World at Your Fingertips if You Know the Computer”: Agency, Information and Communication Technologies and Disability
Open this publication in new window or tab >>“The World at Your Fingertips if You Know the Computer”: Agency, Information and Communication Technologies and Disability
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
"Världen vid dina fingertoppar om du känner datorn": Aktörsskap, Informations- och Kommunikationsteknologier och Funktionshinder
Abstract [en]

This thesis focuses on the relationships between agency, Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and people with disability (in various ages). The aim has been to create an understanding by describing and analysing, and as such, to develop knowledge of how people with disabilities experience agency, ICT, and disability in their everyday lives. The frame of reference is inspired by disability studies, feminist studies and science and technologies studies (STS). The empirical material was collected in, Norrbotten (Sweden’s northernmost region) and Muscat (the capital area of the Sultanate of Oman) by an autobiographical account, audio-visual material, drawings, interviews, observations, and reading of textual documents. The thesis consists of six papers. The main findings outline that agency, ICT, disability, and gender are part of intra-actions between material entities (such as bodies, technologies, etc.) and practices. The thesis also explores that disability in Sweden and Oman are understood in a variety of ways. Additionally, it presents that the combination of the notions of interference with situated knowledges can contribute with alternative methodological insights about the interference of disability, gender, ICT, the participants’ and researchers’ experiences and understandings to make accountable knowledge claims. Moreover, the thesis presents that material entities (bodies and technologies) and practices are part of different modes of ordering disability which bear effects on the lives of people with disabilities. It additionally disentangles that materialities such as the Internet intra-act with other material entities (for instance, bodies) and practices which enact various forms of agency which bear effects on the everyday lives of people with disability and their ways to participate. Finally, the thesis outlines some implications that an intra-acting understanding of the use of Internet can contribute with in research which focuses on disability, participation, and agency.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2017
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Keyword
Agency; Disability; Information and Communication Technologies; Intra-action; Material-discursive; Material Semiotics; Modes of ordering; Situated knowledges
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Human Work Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60909 (URN)978-91-7583-783-3 (ISBN)978-91-7583-784-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-03-01, A 109, Luleå, 13:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-12-09 Created: 2016-12-05 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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