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Rock Mass behavior and Cap Rock Stability at the Malmberget Mine
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.
2014 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Rock Mass behavior and Cap Rock Stability at the Malmberget MineThe LKAB Malmberget mine is mined using sublevel caving. This mining method requires continuous caving of the hangingwall, which also result in ground deformations on the surface. The Malmberget mine is located in the municipality of Malmberget; thus well planned residential relocations have been required as the caving area has expanded and associated ground deformations developed. This thesis aims to bring an increased understanding of the stress redistribution and likely failure mechanisms in the hangingwall of the Printzsköld orebody, one of the orebodies currently in production in Malmberget. Rock mass investigations have been conducted in the Printzsköld and Fabian orebodies to gain more understanding of the rock mass. These investigations included core logging, strength testing, borehole photography, joint mapping underground, and rock mass characterization in the Printzsköld orebody. The investigations showed that rock mass rating (RMR) scatter for Printzsköld and Fabian orebodies were 55 – 78 and 40 – 76 respectively, indicating a fair to good rock mass, albeit with some scatter and weak units present. The work also showed that there were three main joint sets in both the Printzsköld and Fabian orebodies. Conceptual continuum and discontinuum numerical analysis was conducted for the Printzsköld orebody, in order to study potential failure behavior of the hangingwall and cap rock, as well as to study the possible effects of large-scale structures inferred near the Printzsköld orebody. The results from the continuum analyses indicated high stress build-ups in the crown pillar and stress relaxation in the hangingwall of the orebody. Both shear and tensile failure were noted in the hangingwall and the cap rock. As mining proceeded to the level of 1225 meters, the stresses in the cap rock increased and the relaxation zone also increased. The hangingwall of the Printzsköld orebody can be considered as a beam fixed at the crown pillar and the cave bottom. Shear failure in the cap rock had the potential to cause failure in the hangingwall and this beam effect of the hangingwall lengthened. A parametric study of the strength parameters was conducted, which showed that lowering cohesion had a larger effect on the stress build-ups in the cap rock and destressing in the hangingwall than lowering other parameters such as tensile strength and friction angle.The discontinuum model results indicated that the presence of large-scale structures reduced the stress build-up in the crown pillar and that slip developed along these structures. A reduction in the angle of friction for the structures resulted in more slip, compared to a reduction in cohesion. The presence of large-scale structures did not affect the yielding pattern in the rock mass or the far field stress redistribution in the hangingwall and cap rock.Keywords: Strength parameters, hangingwall failure, cave propagation, failure mechanism, large-scale structures, crown pillar

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757
Research subject
Mining and Rock Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-26374Local ID: df5e39a6-66a0-4343-a29b-76aff4c017f3ISBN: 978-91-7583-097-1ISBN: 978-91-7583-098-8 (PDF)OAI: diva2:999536
Godkänd; 2014; 20141009 (sraban); Nedanstående person kommer att hålla licentiatseminarium för avläggande av teknologie licentiatexamen. Namn: Sraj Banda Ämne: Berganläggningsteknik/Rock Engineering Uppsats: Rock Mass Behavior and Cap Rock Stability at the Malmberget Mine Examinator: Adj Professor Jonny Sjöberg, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Luleå tekniska universitet Diskutant: Dr Christer Andersson, Ramböll, Luleå Tid: Tisdag den 9 december 2014 kl 10,00 Plats: E244, Luleå tekniska universitetAvailable from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30Bibliographically approved

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