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Non-Spherical Particle Interaction in Duct and Jet Flow
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Fluid and Experimental Mechanics.
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Wood waste is the most popular biomass recourse for many nations. Burned wood can, direct or indirect, release one of the greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide. The process can still be seen as a renewable source of energy since replanting of the trees and crops are consuming nearly the same amount of carbon dioxide through photosynthesis. Thermal gasification is one of the efficient methods to utilize energy from wood waste. Products from the component of concern can be used for direct energy production like in boilers and gas turbines or indirectly via dimethyl ether (DME), for instance. The physics of gasification is complex and several issues can influence the process. There is a lack of knowledge of several phenomena, some of which are related to solid-gas flow in the gasifier and in the premixed feeding pipelines. One such area is mechanisms related to turbulence modulation in the presence of spherical and non-spherical particles and how much the flow can disturb the motion of the particles. This is studied in the present thesis and the motion of the particles in different flow field is disclosed. At the moment there is no agreement in the scientific community on a single dimensionless number that can safely describe the influence of spherical particles in turbulent flow. For non-spherical particles additional levels of freedom are introduced and the dependence on drag and lift from the orientation of the particles as a function of Reynolds number adds to the complexity.Based on a literature review a fundamental experimental study is carried out in simple flow field geometry, a 2D duct flow. The aim is to reveal the influence of spherical glass particle on the turbulent flow field in the core and near wall flows. Additional studies with wood particles gave more information about how real biomass particles affect the turbulence as compared to spherical ones. Next the instantaneous distribution of biomass particles was studied experimentally. It is known that this distribution significantly influences the soot formation in a gasifier. Two different techniques of flow control were studied, swirling flow and synthetic jet flow. Particles shape and inertia and the strength of vortices and vortices interaction in coaxial jets and swirling jet flow were studied and yielded a high influence on the preferential concentration of particles as well as on the root mean square values for velocity in coaxial jets flow. The synthetic jet add momentum to the flow without disturbing the mass loading ratio and result in higher dispersion of the particles away from the centreline of the jet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå tekniska universitet, 2015. , 158 p.
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Keyword [en]
Solid-gas flow, turbulence modulation, duct flow, coaxial jets flow, swirl jet flow, active flow control, synthetics jet, biomass powder, non-spherical particles, PIV measurement, Engineering mechanics - Fluid mechanics
Keyword [sv]
Teknisk mekanik - Strömningsmekanik
Research subject
Fluid Mechanics
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-26126Local ID: cc6d4c3c-5d28-4525-b3c2-2564a892279eISBN: 978-91-7583-398-9ISBN: 978-91-7583-399-6 (PDF)OAI: diva2:999285
Godkänd; 2015; 20150907 (ammhaz); Nedanstående person kommer att disputera för avläggande av teknologie doktorsexamen. Namn: Ammar Hazim Saber Ämne: Strömningslära/Fluid Mechanics Avhandling: Non-Spherical Particle Interaction in Duct and Jet Flow Opponent: Associate Professor Matthias Mandø, Dept of Energy Technology, Aalborg University, Esbjerg, Denmark Ordförande: Professor Staffan Lundström, Avd för strömningslära och experimentell mekanik, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå Tid: Onsdag 30 september, 2015 kl 09.00 Plats: E231, Luleå tekniska universitetAvailable from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30Bibliographically approved

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