Tribology of hot forming tool and high strength steels
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Tribological research pertaining to moving machine components operating at elevated temperatures has so far received only limited attention despite the fact that many technological applications encounter high-temperature conditions. Examples of such applications can be commonly found in the aerospace, power generation and hot metal working industries. In the metal working field, thermo-mechanical forming of high-strength steel components has grown very rapidly in recent years. The increased usage of such components has its driving forces in improved crashworthiness, reduced fuel consumption and conservation of natural resources. These processes, invented about 30 years ago in northern Sweden, enable the forming of complex shaped components at elevated temperatures and the simultaneous control of complex microstructures. Despite the fact that more than 30 years of research has gone into developing and optimising these thermo-mechanical processes there are several aspects which have not been adequately studied or understood. One of these aspects is the tribology of the tool-workpiece interaction at the high temperatures encountered during hot metal forming. This is where tribological research can contribute greatly in improving the hot sheet metal forming processes. The main tasks involved are the understanding, prediction and control of friction as well as wear during the interaction of tool and workpiece at elevated temperature. Future research also needs to consider the tribology of rapidly emerging surface engineering technologies that have potential for high temperature applications such as hot metal forming. This work has focussed on investigating the friction and wear characteristics of different tool steels during sliding against ultra high strength boron steel at different temperatures ranging from room temperature to 900 °C. Tribological studies have also been conducted on surface treated/coated tool steels during sliding against coated workpiece material with a view to explore the potential of surface engineering in controlling friction and minimisation of wear at elevated temperatures.The results have shown that friction and wear characteristics of these material pairs are temperature dependant and generally the tribological interaction of the tool-workpiece pair at elevated temperatures result in reduced friction and increased wear of the tool material. The main wear mechanisms at elevated temperatures are adhesive and abrasive and interaction with oxidised wear debris has a significant influence on the tribological behaviour of the system. Plasma nitriding of the tool steel has resulted in reduced and more stable friction and also improved resistance against severe adhesive wear at elevated temperatures. The best wear resistance has been achieved by applying a duplex surface modification system on the tool steel (nitriding + PVD coating). Application of a surface coating on the ultra high strength boron steel, Al-Si or Al-Si with graphite, has been shown to have a much greater effect on the frictional behaviour compared to that on the tool surface. This, however, has an effect on tool wear owing to the abrading action of the hard intermetallic layer formed on the Al-Si coated UHSS surface when exposed to high temperatures.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2009. , 133 p.
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Research subject Machine Elements
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-25980Local ID: c039ab70-c7b0-11de-b769-000ea68e967bISBN: 978-91-7439-029-2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-25980DiVA: diva2:999138
Godkänd; 2009; 20091102 (jenhar); DISPUTATION Ämnesområde: Maskinelement/Machine Elements Opponent: Professor & Director nCAST Robert J. K. Wood, University of Southampton, UK Ordförande: Professor Braham Prakash, Luleå tekniska universitet Tid: Måndag den 7 december 2009, kl 09.30 Plats: E 246, Luleå tekniska universitet2016-09-302016-09-30Bibliographically approved