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On the Assessment of Internal Erosion of Dam Cores of Glacial Till
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)Alternative title
Utvärdering av benägenhet för inre erosion i dammtätkärnor av morän (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

The objective of this study is twofold; on the one hand it investigates the susceptibility to suffusion of glacial till, and, on the other, it presents approaches to evaluate internal erosion susceptibility of dams composed of this type of core soil. Concentrated leak erosion, backward erosion, contact erosion, and suffusion erosion are the mechanisms associated with the initiation of internal erosion. How these interplay in the continuation phase is still a relatively unresolved issue. In engineering practice, these mechanisms have all been seen in dams with glacial till cores; backward erosion activity as seen in Juktan dam, Juklavatn dam, Grundsjöndam, Wreck Cove dam, and in Brodhead dam; possible suffusion as seen in Lövön dam and in Stenkullafors dam; and, furthermore, signs indicating concentrated leaks, such as in Songa dam. A laboratory program of tests was performed on four natural, non-plastic glacial till soils from the core or its borrow area of existing earth dams in Sweden, and on eight mixtures based on these tills, making in total 12 tests. The longest running for 77 days, and the highest applied gradient was 9.5, in bounds of what can occur in dam cores. The tests revealed that gradations of low fines content (< §15–20%), low sand fraction (< §20%), and high gravel fraction (> §60%) are susceptible to suffusion. These are grading characteristics present in the coarse end of the envelope of glacial till cores in many existing dams. Available state-of-the-art assessment criteria for internal stability were evaluated in reference to these experimental data, yielding a modification to the Kenney-Lau adaptation by Li-Fannin. Furthermore, a screening tool for the assessment of internal erosion of dams is proposed, i.e., the unified-plot approach, which combines attributes of the filter gradation and the probable occurrence of internal erosion in a dam. Given the variety of potential mechanism interplaying in the internal erosion of dams with cores of glacial till, it lend confidence to an assessment approach which addresses, susceptibility to several mechanisms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå tekniska universitet, 2015.
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-25943Local ID: bd28736b-fa6a-4707-8bae-ecfaafc254f4ISBN: 978-91-7583-336-1ISBN: 978-91-7583-337-8 (PDF)OAI: diva2:999101
Godkänd; 2015; 20150417 (hayrof); Nedanstående person kommer att disputera för avläggande av teknologie doktorsexamen. Namn: Hans Rönnqvist Ämne: Geoteknik/Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering Avhandling: On the Assessment of Internal Erosion of Dam Cores of Glacial Till Opponent: Professor emeritus Kaare Höeg, Universitetet i Oslo/Norges Geotekniska Institut (NGI), Oslo, Norge Ordförande: Professor Sven Knutsson, Avd för geoteknologi, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå Tid: Onsdag 10 juni 2015, kl 10.00 Plats: F1031, Luleå tekniska universitetAvailable from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30Bibliographically approved

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