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Development of a novel zeolite coated ATR-FTIR sensor
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
2004 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Thin zeolite films have great potential in several novel application areas such as: structured catalysts, membranes and sensors. To fully exploit the advantages of these films it is of great importance to determine the properties of the films. A powerful technique for studies of phenomena at surfaces or in thin films is FTIR/ATR-spectroscopy (Fourier Transform Infra Red / Attenuated Total Reflection). Furthermore, thin zeolite films may be utilized for enhanced selectivity and sensitivity for this technique. In this work films with a thickness of 200 nm of the zeolites ZSM-5 and silicalite-1 were grown on ZnSe, ZnS, ZrO2, Si and Ge ATR elements using a method that had been developed previously. The coated elements were evaluated in a gas sensor application by comparing the sensitivity for a hydrocarbon of zeolite-coated elements versus a standard 10 cm gas cell. The sensitivity was approximately 85 times higher for the coated elements compared to the gas cell at low hydrocarbon concentration. The response time was investigated by exposing the coated element to a step increase of an analyte and recording the response as a function of time. The response was relatively fast, equilibrium was achieved after approximately 250 s, but already after a few seconds a strong signal could be detected. The coated elements were also used to determine single gas adsorption isotherms. The systems studied were n-hexane/silicalite-1 and p-xylene/silicalite-1. Adsorption isotherms determined at varying temperatures were typical for microporous materials. Capillary condensation was observed at higher concentration of the adsorbent. Henry constants and heats of adsorption determined from low-pressure data agreed well with previously reported data in the literature.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2004. , 33 p.
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757 ; 2004:67
Research subject
Chemical Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-25644Local ID: a5583e80-ad59-11db-905c-000ea68e967bOAI: diva2:998797
Godkänd; 2004; 20070126 (ysko)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30Bibliographically approved

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