Improved blasting results through precise initiation: results from field trials at the Aitik open pit mine
2013 (English)Report (Refereed)
Blast-induced fragmentation plays a leading role on mining efficiency, hence many studies have been conducted in order to understand the mechanisms behind rock breakage and to improve the fragmentation. This report presents the results from field tests conducted at the Aitik mine belonging to Boliden Mineral AB in Sweden, which is part of a project called Vinnova. The project aims to evaluate the effects of short delay time blasting on fragmentation and other post-blast parameters which influence the comminution process, e.g. swelling and crushing.A total number of 6 benches were assigned for trials with different inter-hole delay times. Two of the benches were blasted with pyrotechnic Nonel caps and were used as references for further comparisons. Two benches were blasted with 1 ms of inter-hole delay time by use of electronic detonators. Two other benches were also blasted by electronic detonators, but with 3 ms and 6 ms of inter-hole delay time respectively. MWD (Measure While Drilling) system was used to log and analyze the drilling process in order to investigate the penetration rate and specific energy of drilling, which represent the hardness of the rock. GPS (Global Positioning System) and RTK (Real time Kinematic System) were used for measurements of benches’ swelling. The blasts were also filmed using a high-speed camera. Image analysis with Split-Desktop software was used to analyze the fragmentation of the rock after blasts. A series of images was shot from trucks carrying the ore and was later analyzed to obtain the fragmentation for each bench. Minestar integrated operation and mobile equipment management system was used to log the data from the fleet in the mine. The data were later used together with the crusher energy consumption logs to evaluate the energy efficiency of the crushing process for the ore from each bench.The tests showed that the inter-hole delay time of 3 ms resulted in the finest fragmentation among all benches; all examined values i.e. x50, x80 and xmax showed improvements upon other benches. However, the crushing energy of the ore from this trial was the highest among all. Two trials with 1 ms inter-hole delay time did not result in any significant variation compared to reference benches. The difference in x50 values were ignorable, the same is true for crushing energy of the mentioned trials. The bench with inter-hole delay time of 6 ms resulted in the lowest crushing energy among other trials. However, the bench gave more boulders and coarser fragmentation compared to reference benches.Altogether, the results did not lead to any solid conclusion regarding the effect of the short delay times on fragmentation. Such ambiguity might be resulted by various sources of errors in data acquisition and analysis, as well as uncertainties regarding geology of the test area. In order to investigate the effect of delay times on blast results, more trials with more detailed data acquisition method is necessary.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Swedish Blasting Research Centre och Luleå tekniska universitet , 2013. , 117 p.
, Swebrec Rapport, ISSN 1653-5006 ; 2013:1
Research subject Mining and Rock Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-25082Local ID: db29fd61-6e39-4e51-862e-0411ecec6927OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-25082DiVA: diva2:998134
Godkänd; 2013; 20130429 (nikpet)2016-09-292016-09-29Bibliographically approved