Blast-induced damaged zone studies: Final Report to Trafikverket
2011 (English)Report (Other academic)
This report is a summary and conclusions from the study on Blast-Induced Damage around underground excavations in hard rock, which was carried out as a PhD research project by the author. The project was funded by Vägverket and the research was conducted at the Division of Mining and Geotechnical Engineering at Luleå University of Technology. The work resulted in several publications; a PhD thesis, journal articles, conference articles and technical reports. The publications can be downloaded from: http://www.ltu.se/staff/d/davsai?l=en. This final report is compilation of the important elements from these various publications.Because the Blast-Induced Damaged Zone (BIDZ) is generally perceived to have a negative impact on the economics and performance of a tunnel many studies have been conducted to delineate the extent of the BIDZ. The primary goal has been to device ways to control or minimise the extent of this zone. As a result guidelines have been developed by concerned authorities, such as for example AnläggningAMA-98 (1999), to control the extent of BIDZ during tunnel construction. These guidelines however do not give recommendations about the strength and stiffness properties of the BIDZ, which are the most important parameters that control its behaviour and ultimately influence the stability and performance of tunnel.The extent of the BIDZ in majority of the practical cases varied between 0.1 and 1.0 m, with an average ranging from 0.3 m to 0.5 m. The stiffness magnitudes of this zone were as low as 10% to as high as 90% of that of the undamaged rock mass. Field investigation at Kiirunavaara underground mine (Malmgren et al, 2007) showed the stiffness of the BIDZ to vary between 50 and 90% of that of the undamaged rock mass, while the thickness ranged from 0.5 to 1.0 m. Although it was possible to deduce the modulus of the BIDZ the strength however, is the most difficult to measure or estimate. The most generic way to estimate the strength of the BIDZ is the use of a rock mass classification system in conjunction with a strength criteria, which was the approach used in the research by this author.Numerical studies of the BIDZ by this author showed that, the presence of this zone does affect the overall response of the near-field rock mass. This therefore implies the need for consideration of this zone during the tunnel design stage. The strength and stiffness of this zone were also found to affect the type of failure around the tunnel and its extent. However, it not is possible to state by what degree the BIDZ will affect the performance of a tunnel as it is relative. It is therefore wise to use guidelines to minimise damage even though it may be costly and unnecessary. In any case it would be beneficial to consider the sensitivity of an excavation, both subjectively and objectively, before emphasising the seriousness to stick to the blast damage guidelines.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2011. , 193 p.
Technical report / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1536
Research subject Mining and Rock Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-24984Local ID: d526e4f8-a94c-4073-afda-419eb3ebc3b5ISBN: 978-91-7439-222-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-24984DiVA: diva2:998036
Godkänd; 2011; 20110214 (davsai)2016-09-292016-09-29Bibliographically approved