Saving Iraqi civilians and their environment from catastrophic implications of depleted uranium used in Gulf wars I and II
2011 (English)Report (Other academic)
Depleted uranium (DU) was used twice by the Americans and allied forces against Iraqi troops and personnel in 1991 and 2003. The largest single radionuclide contamination occurred in the Gulf during Gulf War II, 1991, where depleted uranium was used as an amour-penetrating ordnance. Due to this use the countryside of Iraq was contaminated to a significant extent and thus chronically exposed the civilian population and military personnel to different environmental loads i.e. DU dust, vapors, and aerosols etc. In addition to the radioactive contamination due to military activities in Gulf wars, other dangerous source of contamination has been reported from the material and equipment at the Iraqi Energy Authority. After the fall of the Baath regime in 2003, the Iraqi Energy Authority, like all other Ministries and governmental organizations, sustained immense losses due to the turmoil and looting. As an example the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMI) reported in 2003 that uranium (as yellow cakes) as well as byproducts from processing activities in addition to tons of radioactive waste was stored in barrels. Simple citizens stole these barrels and used them for storing water. The radioactive materials in these barrels were in this way either spread in large quantities on the ground or taken to their homes. Other examples of how DU material is spread are given in the report as well. This report is highlighting the effect of radioactive waste on the people and the environment of Iraq and trying to find possible solutions to the problem. Special concerns are directed to the question of finding sustainable, environmentally acceptable and safe landfills for the final deposition of DU contaminated material.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2011. , 30 p.
Research report / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1528
Civil engineering and architecture - Geoengineering and mining engineering
Samhällsbyggnadsteknik och arkitektur - Geoteknik och gruvteknik
Research subject Soil Mechanics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-23823Local ID: 88fa6e61-0b8b-4818-bece-f90196904a08ISBN: 978-91-7439-341-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-23823DiVA: diva2:996873
Godkänd; 2011; 20111109 (svek)2016-09-292016-09-292016-10-19Bibliographically approved