Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
The power of recognition: the limitation of indigenous peoples
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
2000 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of the thesis is to investigate the relationship between power and indigenous peoples and to find a relevant method with which to study this relationship. It is the condition of power or the lack of power that allows an ethnic group, a ‘tribe’, an ‘indigenous people’ or a ‘people, to become a ‘nation’. Power has thus a significant affect on ethnicity and in recognising ethnic groups as nations. I argue that indigenous peoples have to be understood as self-defined ethnic minorities which include the dynamic character of identities. This subjective definition will focus on the constitution process of identities, rather than objective attributes. It also highlights the power aspects of identification. However, the subjective definition also creates a crucial problem. The three traditional views of power cannot combine identity with power. Either there is simply power and no identity, or there is identity but no power. We thus need a fourth view of power. Usually, power is a force that presses on the subject from the outside, as what subordinates, sets underneath, and relegates to a lower order. This is, of course, a fair description of what power does. However, in the fourth view of power subjection is a form of power. We must understand power as forming the subject as well as providing the very condition of its existence. Power is not simply what we oppose but also what we depend on for our existence. The thesis shows that all identities are relational and causes ordination, that is it always constitutes a hierarchy. One identity cannot exist in isolation. As soon as a relationship occurs power is involved. Power is productive, that is, it constitutes, reconstitutes and legitimises categories and norms connected to them. No one is in charge of this power, all actors are vehicles of the power that continuously constitutes their reality. Identification is ordination and thus produces its own norms, discipline and resistance. Resistance, self-discipline and self-subjection are thus power techniques that strengthen a given discourse and the power relationship it upholds. Thus, there are no theories on identity, indigenous or ethnic, only theories of history encompassing indigenousness capable of explaining the empirical production of identities. There is no identity without power and there is no power without identity. To understand indigenous peoples’ political situation one must analyse how they are constituted by a sophisticated interplay between internal and external power techniques. Members of indigenous peoples, as well as members of other group identities, must question their own foundation of identification in order to uncover future alternatives. This may change present discourses and categories and the power relationships they constitute, reproduce and legitimise.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2000. , 171 p.
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544 ; 2000:14
Research subject
Industrial Work Environment
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-18761Local ID: a2f8be90-8d37-11db-8975-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-18761DiVA: diva2:991772
Note
Godkänd; 2000; 20061116 (haneit)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(99805 kB)36 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 99805 kBChecksum SHA-512
21e9d083f1ad82ef963b9dcf3c98c38da7a0f1ac248b42cfeccc2820cddf59ececfdc4e71196702306efc2337b2b3c821ed382dfe2e89d58459d93b334e90922
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Ekenberg, Stefan
By organisation
Human Work Science

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 36 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 5 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link