Synthesis, characterization and properties of zeolite films and membranes
2001 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The work presented in this thesis was aimed to synthesize zeolite films in the absence of organic additives to avoid the potentially detrimental calcination procedure. Furthermore, the support surface was seeded with colloidal seed crystals prior to film growth. This technique has previously been used to prepare thin zeolite films. The films were characterized by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and gas permeation experiments. Films of three different types of zeolites were synthesized in this work; FAU-type zeolite, ZSM-5 and zeolite NaA. The thickness of the FAU-type zeolite films could be controlled by varying the synthesis temperature and duration. However, a maximum film thickness was found. Prolonged hydrothermal treatment caused the film thickness to decrease due to the transformation of FAU into zeolite P. The adsorbed seeds were oriented with the <111> pyramid parallel to the surface of the support. During growth, the crystals constituting the films became randomly oriented. The ZSM-5 films were tested as membranes for the separation of butane isomers. The selectivity for n-butane/i-butane had a maximum value of 17.8 at 220°C. Furthermore, the ZSM-5 membranes were found to be catalytically active, converting ethanol into diethylether and ethylene. The growth of silicious species into the porous support during zeolite NaA membrane synthesis was examined. Higher temperatures of synthesis resulted in relatively more growth into the porous support compared to the film growth on top of the support. By using a multi-step synthesis procedure at low temperature, thicker films with less growth into the support could be prepared.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2001. , 32 p.
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757 ; 2001:16
Research subject Chemical Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-18550Local ID: 91ff1c60-d319-11db-b6e3-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-18550DiVA: diva2:991559
Godkänd; 2001; 20070315 (ysko)2016-09-292016-09-29Bibliographically approved