Iron losses during desulphurisation of hot metal
2014 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
After injection of calcium carbide and magnesium during desulphurisation of hot metal, the slag is normally solid and contains large amounts of iron. Besides the enclosed iron droplets in the slag, drawn-off hot metal during slag skimming also accounts for iron losses during desulphurisation of hot metal. Iron losses during hot metal desulphurisation using both calcium carbide (mono-injection), and calcium carbide and magnesium (co-injection), have been studied by large-scale investigations of slag from the slag pit as well as slag sampling during the desulphurisation process at SSAB EMEA in Luleå.An alkali-containing mineral, nepheline syenite, was mixed together with thecalcium carbide to facilitate slag formation during desulphurisation and to enhance the separation of iron from the slag. Even though the addition of nepheline syenite resulted in a more fine-grained slag, no reduction in the iron content in the slag before slag skimming was observed. The addition of 5 wt-% of nepheline syenite to the calcium carbide during mono-injection decreased the magnetic fraction of the slag from the slag pit from 2.5 wt-% to 1.9 wt-%. The decrease in the larger magnetic fractions combined with the improved iron yield may arise from a more effective slag skimming due to the change in slag consistency.During co-injection with magnesium and calcium carbide, the magnetic fraction of the slag from the slag pit decreased from 3.2 wt-% to 3.1 wt-% with the addition of 10 wt-% of nepheline syenite. Even though nepheline syenite has a positive effect on the slag skimming, due to a decrease in larger magnetic fractions, the total magnetic iron losses have not decreased significantly. A plausible explanation for the lack of improved iron yield during co-injection in the present study could be that the increased turbulence during injection of magnesium counteracts any positive effect from addition of nepheline syenite on the slag properties. Finally, no negative effect on the reagent efficiency was observed during the trials with addition of nepheline syenite.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå tekniska universitet, 2014.
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757
Research subject Process Metallurgy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-18536Local ID: 910d518a-18d3-4d7d-8026-501f447b34d7ISBN: 978-91-7583-125-1ISBN: 978-91-7583-126-8 (PDF)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-18536DiVA: diva2:991545
Godkänd; 2014; 20141030 (magmag); Nedanstående person kommer att hålla licentiatseminarium för avläggande av teknologie licentiatexamen. Namn: Marianne Magnelöv Ämne: Processmetallurgi /Process Metallurgy Uppsats: Iron Losses During Desulphurisation of Hot Metal Examinator: Professor Bo Björkman Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser Avdelning Mineralteknik och metallurgi Luleå tekniska universitet Diskutant: PhD, Managing director Mårten Görnerup Metol AB, Stockholm Tid: Fredag den 12 december 2014 kl 13.00 Plats: A1545, Luleå tekniska universitet2016-09-292016-09-29Bibliographically approved